nasturtium

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. Nasturtium is also used as a common name for TROPAEOLUM. The common name of watercress is also used for RORIPPA & TROPAEOLUM. This is the most popular of the edible cresses, is a hardy creeping perennial plant, native to Europe but extensively naturalized elsewhere in moist places.

Top Publications

  1. Aslan M, Unlü M, Turkmen N, Yilmaz Y. Sorption of cadmium and effects on growth, protein content, and photosynthetic pigment composition of Nasturtium officinale R. Br. and Mentha aquatica L. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2003;71:323-9 pubmed
  2. Songsak T, Lockwood G. Production of two volatile glucosinolate hydrolysis compounds in Nasturtium montanum and Cleome chelidonii plant cell cultures. Fitoterapia. 2004;75:296-301 pubmed
    Callus and suspension cultures established from Nasturtium montanum and Cleome chelidonii were shown to produce glucosinolates by analysis of their hydrolysis products...
  3. Albrecht U, Goos K, Schneider B. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a herbal medicinal product containing Tropaeoli majoris herba (Nasturtium) and Armoraciae rusticanae radix (Horseradish) for the prophylactic treatment of patients with chronically recurrent low. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23:2415-22 pubmed
  4. Palaniswamy U, McAvoy R, Bible B, Stuart J. Ontogenic variations of ascorbic acid and phenethyl isothiocyanate concentrations in watercress (Nasturtium officinale R.Br.) leaves. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:5504-9 pubmed
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale R.Br.) is the richest source of glucosinolate nasturtiin, which on hydrolysis produces phenethyl isothiocyante (PEITC)...
  5. Mietkiewska E, Giblin E, Wang S, Barton D, Dirpaul J, Brost J, et al. Seed-specific heterologous expression of a nasturtium FAE gene in Arabidopsis results in a dramatic increase in the proportion of erucic acid. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:2665-75 pubmed
    ..is the first component of the elongation complex involved in synthesis of erucic acid (22:1) in seeds of garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)...
  6. Yazdanparast R, Bahramikia S, Ardestani A. Nasturtium officinale reduces oxidative stress and enhances antioxidant capacity in hypercholesterolaemic rats. Chem Biol Interact. 2008;172:176-84 pubmed publisher
    b>Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (Brassicaceae) has been used as a home remedy by the people of south eastern (SE) region of Iran as a medicinal plant. This therapeutical application has been attributed to Nasturtium officinale (N...
  7. Mark P, Baumann M, Eklöf J, Gullfot F, Michel G, Kallas A, et al. Analysis of nasturtium TmNXG1 complexes by crystallography and molecular dynamics provides detailed insight into substrate recognition by family GH16 xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases and endo-hydrolases. Proteins. 2009;75:820-36 pubmed publisher
    ..A high-resolution, three-dimensional structure of a nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) endo-xyloglucanase loop mutant, TmNXG1-DeltaYNIIG, with an oligosaccharide product bound in ..
  8. Goos K, Albrecht U, Schneider B. [Efficacy and safety profile of a herbal drug containing nasturtium herb and horseradish root in acute sinusitis, acute bronchitis and acute urinary tract infection in comparison with other treatments in the daily practice/results of a prospective co. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56:249-57 pubmed
    ..The patients were treated either with the nasturtium herb and horseradish root containing herbal drug Angocin Anti-Infekt N (test group, n = 1223) or with standard ..
  9. Conrad A, Kolberg T, Engels I, Frank U. [In vitro study to evaluate the antibacterial activity of a combination of the haulm of nasturtium (Tropaeoli majoris herba) and of the roots of horseradish (Armoraciae rusticanae radix)]. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56:842-9 pubmed
    ..properties of a commercialized preparation (Angocin Anti-Infekt N) containing a combination of the haulm of nasturtium (Tropaeoli majoris herba; N) and of the roots of horseradish (Armoraciae rusticanae radix; H)...

More Information

Publications78

  1. Engelen Eigles G, Holden G, Cohen J, Gardner G. The effect of temperature, photoperiod, and light quality on gluconasturtiin concentration in watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.). J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:328-34 pubmed
    The effects of different growth regimes on gluconasturtiin concentration in watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) were investigated. Watercress plantlets at the 5th mature leaf stage (ca...
  2. Bahramikia S, Yazdanparast R. Effect of hydroalcoholic extracts of Nasturtium officinale leaves on lipid profile in high-fat diet rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;115:116-21 pubmed
    b>Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (Brassicaceae) is used as a home remedy in Iran as a cardioprotective agent without any scientific background...
  3. Kopsell D, Barickman T, Sams C, McElroy J. Influence of nitrogen and sulfur on biomass production and carotenoid and glucosinolate concentrations in watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.). J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:10628-34 pubmed
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) is a perennial herb rich in the secondary metabolites of glucosinolates and carotenoids...
  4. Reifenrath K, Muller C. Larval performance of the mustard leaf beetle (Phaedon cochleariae, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) on white mustard (Sinapis alba) and watercress (Nasturtium officinale) leaves in dependence of plant exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Environ Pollut. 2009;157:2053-60 pubmed publisher
    ..UV) radiation resulted in shifts in plant metabolite concentrations of the Brassicaceae Sinapis alba and Nasturtium officinale. Leaf quality also varied between plant species and within species due to age...
  5. Hadjzadeh M, Rajaei Z, Moradi R, Ghorbani A. Effects of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Watercress (Nasturtium Officinale) Leaves on Serum Glucose and Lipid Levels in Diabetic Rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2015;59:223-30 pubmed
    ..was to examine the antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) leaves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
  6. Munkert J, Costa C, Budeanu O, Petersen J, Bertolucci S, Fischer G, et al. Progesterone 5β-reductase genes of the Brassicaceae family as function-associated molecular markers. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2015;17:1113-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Recombinant His-tagged forms of the P5βR cDNAs from Aethionema grandiflorum, Draba aizoides, Nasturtium officinale, Raphanus sativus and Sisymbrium officinale were expressed in E. coli...
  7. Piana M, de Brum T, Boligon A, Alves C, de Freitas R, Nunes L, et al. In vitro growth-inhibitory effect of Brazilian plants extracts against Paenibacillus larvae and toxicity in bees. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2015;87:1041-7 pubmed publisher
    ..officinalis, Cariniana domestica, and Nasturtium officinale extracts against the P. larvae and to evaluate the toxicity of the extracts in bees...
  8. De Luca L, Norum K. Scurvy and cloudberries: a chapter in the history of nutritional sciences. J Nutr. 2011;141:2101-5 pubmed publisher
    ..As medication for gums and teeth, Rhodius recommended rosemary, hyssop, bistort, sage, nasturtium, waterweed, creeping Jenny, and scurvy grass...
  9. Geraci A, Amato F, Di Noto G, Bazan G, Schicchi R. The wild taxa utilized as vegetables in Sicily (Italy): a traditional component of the Mediterranean diet. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2018;14:14 pubmed publisher
    ..Carduus spp., etc.), the so-called ancient vegetables are included (Onopordum illyricum, Centaurea calcitrapa, Nasturtium officinale, Scolymus spp., Smyrnium rotundifolium), and some unique uses were described...
  10. Voutsina N, Payne A, Hancock R, Clarkson G, Rothwell S, Chapman M, et al. Characterization of the watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.; Brassicaceae) transcriptome using RNASeq and identification of candidate genes for important phytonutrient traits linked to human health. BMC Genomics. 2016;17:378 pubmed publisher
    ..Our work describes the first transcriptome of watercress and establishes the foundation for further molecular study by providing valuable resources, including sequence data, annotated transcripts, candidate genes and markers. ..
  11. Tran H, Marton M, Herz C, Maul R, Baldermann S, Schreiner M, et al. Nasturtium (Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus nanum) dually blocks the COX and LOX pathway in primary human immune cells. Phytomedicine. 2016;23:611-20 pubmed publisher
    b>Nasturtium (Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus) is known for its pharmacological value in the treatment of bacterial infections of the upper air tract and urinary bladder...
  12. Movassaghi M, Hassannejad S. EASTERN DODDER (CUSCUTA MONOGYNA VAHL.) SEED GERMINATION AFFECTED BY SOME HERBACEOUS DISTILLATES. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2015;80:273-7 pubmed
    ..reach this aim, laboratory studies were conducted by using of herbaceous distillates of Dracocephalum moldavica, Nasturtium officinalis, Malva neglecta, Mentha piperita, Mentha pulegium, Rosa damascene, Ziziphora tenuior, and Urtica ..
  13. Casanova N, Simoniello M, López Nigro M, Carballo M. Modulator effect of watercress against cyclophosphamide-induced oxidative stress in mice. Medicina (B Aires). 2017;77:201-206 pubmed
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale, Cruciferae; W. Aiton) is a vegetable widely consumed in our country, with nutritional and potentially chemopreventive properties...
  14. Bonanno G, Borg J, Di Martino V. Levels of heavy metals in wetland and marine vascular plants and their biomonitoring potential: A comparative assessment. Sci Total Environ. 2017;576:796-806 pubmed publisher
    ..and in the wetland macrophytes Phragmites australis, Arundo donax, Typha domingensis, Apium nodiflorum, and Nasturtium officinale...
  15. Jeon J, Bong S, Park J, Park Y, Arasu M, Al Dhabi N, et al. De novo transcriptome analysis and glucosinolate profiling in watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.). BMC Genomics. 2017;18:401 pubmed publisher
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) is an aquatic herb species that is a rich source of secondary metabolites such as glucosinolates...
  16. Kaiser S, Mutters N, Blessing B, Günther F. Natural isothiocyanates express antimicrobial activity against developing and mature biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fitoterapia. 2017;119:57-63 pubmed publisher
    The antimicrobial properties of natural isothiocyanates (ITCs) found in plants such as nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) and horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), and the need of new chemotherapeutic options for treatment of infections caused by ..
  17. Müller C, Vogel H, Heckel D. Transcriptional responses to short-term and long-term host plant experience and parasite load in an oligophagous beetle. Mol Ecol. 2017;26:6370-6383 pubmed publisher
    ..After 26 generations of continuous feeding on either Brassica rapa, Nasturtium officinale or Sinapis alba, freshly hatched larvae were kept on these plants or moved to one of the other host ..
  18. Huang K, Lin L, Chen F, Liao M, Wang J, Tang Y, et al. Effects of live Myriophyllum aquaticum and its straw on cadmium accumulation in Nasturtium officinale. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:22503-22509 pubmed publisher
    ..aquaticum and its straw on the growth and cadmium (Cd) accumulation of Nasturtium officinale. Different planting ratios (1:3, 2:2 and 3:1) of N. officinale and M...
  19. Kwak S, Giraldo J, Wong M, Koman V, Lew T, Ell J, et al. A Nanobionic Light Emitting Plant. Nano Lett. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..5 hours. In watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and other species, the nanoparticles circumvent limitations such as luciferin toxicity above 400 µM ..
  20. Park N, Kim J, Park W, Cho J, Lim Y, Park S. An efficient protocol for genetic transformation of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) using Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:4947-53 pubmed publisher
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is a member of the Brassicaceae family and a rich source of glucosinolate, which has been shown to possess anticancer properties. To extract these compounds from N...
  21. Rondelaud D, Hourdin P, Vignoles P, Dreyfuss G. The contamination of wild watercress with Fasciola hepatica in central France depends on the ability of several lymnaeid snails to migrate upstream towards the beds. Parasitol Res. 2005;95:305-9 pubmed
    ..hepatica. One of the factors which may explain this variability is the occurrence of showers in spring, so that a few snails are able to reach watercress beds after their upstream migration...
  22. Hofmann T, Kuhnert A, Schubert A, Gill C, Rowland I, Pool Zobel B, et al. Modulation of detoxification enzymes by watercress: in vitro and in vivo investigations in human peripheral blood cells. Eur J Nutr. 2009;48:483-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Epidemiological studies indicate that consumption of cruciferous vegetables (CV) can reduce the risk of cancer. Supposed mechanisms are partly the inhibition of phase I and the induction of phase II enzymes...
  23. Falinski K, Yost R, Sampaga E, Peard J. Arsenic accumulation by edible aquatic macrophytes. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2014;99:74-81 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Nasturtium officinale (watercress) and Diplazium esculentum (warabi) are two aquatic macrophytes grown and consumed in ..
  24. Vicente J, Rothwell S, Holub E, Studholme D. Pathogenic, phenotypic and molecular characterisation of Xanthomonas nasturtii sp. nov. and Xanthomonas floridensis sp. nov., new species of Xanthomonas associated with watercress production in Florida. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3645-3654 pubmed publisher
    ..genus Xanthomonas, represented by yellow mucoid bacterial strains isolated from diseased leaves of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) produced in Florida, USA...
  25. Vidigal S, Tóth I, Rangel A. Sequential injection lab-on-valve system for the determination of the activity of peroxidase in vegetables. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:2071-5 pubmed publisher
    ..It was also possible to monitor online the thermal inactivation of peroxidase at different temperature ranges...
  26. Stewart M, Phillips N, Olsen G, Hickey C, Tipa G. Organochlorines and heavy metals in wild caught food as a potential human health risk to the indigenous M?ori population of South Canterbury, New Zealand. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:2029-39 pubmed publisher
    ..brown trout (Salmo trutta), black flounder (Rhombosolea retiaria) and watercress (Nasturtium officinale) from important harvesting sites in the region of South Canterbury...
  27. Hashimoto Y, Yamaguchi N, Takaoka M, Shiota K. EXAFS speciation and phytoavailability of Pb in a contaminated soil amended with compost and gypsum. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:1001-7 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of surface applications of compost and gypsum amendments on Pb availability to a watercress plant (Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton) and molecular-scale speciation of Pb in soil solid phases...
  28. Wu W, Yang Y. Decontamination of aquatic vegetable leaves by removing trace toxic metals during pickling process with acetic acid solution. Ecol Food Nutr. 2011;50:368-74 pubmed publisher
    ..0% Ag or 96.1% Al were removed. For Watercress leaves, almost all Cd, Hg, Ba, or Sb and 99.0% Pb or 99.7% Ag were removed. For Water Hyacinth leaves, almost all Cd, Ba, or Sb and 99.0% Hg, 98.5% Pb, 95.0% Ag, or 98.7% Al were removed...
  29. Pereira L, Silva P, Duarte M, Rodrigues L, Duarte C, Albuquerque C, et al. Targeting Colorectal Cancer Proliferation, Stemness and Metastatic Potential Using Brassicaceae Extracts Enriched in Isothiocyanates: A 3D Cell Model-Based Study. Nutrients. 2017;9: pubmed publisher
  30. Rubel D, Prepelitchi L, Kleiman F, Carnevale S, Wisnivesky Colli C. [A focus study from a case of human fascioliasis in Neuquén]. Medicina (B Aires). 2005;65:207-12 pubmed
    ..3, 1.7) (p < 0.01). Local veterinary control programs were apparently not effective in this case. Anthelmintics used and treatment schedule should be revised and small herds raised at households should also be included and treated...
  31. Barcat J. [Watercress and other dangerous foods]. Medicina (B Aires). 2005;65:277-9 pubmed
  32. Li K, Lin L, Wang J, Xia H, Liang D, Wang X, et al. Hyperaccumulator straw improves the cadmium phytoextraction efficiency of emergent plant Nasturtium officinale. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:374 pubmed publisher
    ..The emergent plant Nasturtium officinale R. Br. is a Cd-accumulator with low phytoremediation ability...
  33. Desager J, Golnez J, De Buck C, Horsmans Y. Watercress has no Importance for the elimination of ethanol by CYP2E1 inhibition. Pharmacol Toxicol. 2002;91:103-5 pubmed
    ..Ethanol absorption is also delayed by single ingestion of watercress immediately preceding ethanol consumption...
  34. Rondelaud D, Vignoles P, Vareille Morel C, Abrous M, Mage C, Mouzet R, et al. Fasciola hepatica and Paramphistomum daubneyi: field observations on the transport and outcome of floating metacercariae in running water. J Helminthol. 2004;78:173-7 pubmed
    ..metacercariae of two digenean species by running water and to determine the outcome of larvae which settled on Nasturtium officinale (watercress). The frequencies of larvae found after their transport by water ranged from 33% to 49...
  35. Edmonds C, Hawke R. Microbiological and metal contamination of watercress in the Wellington region, New Zealand--2000 survey. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2004;28:20-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate potential microbiological and metal contamination of watercress and to assess the public health risks associated with harvesting and consumption of watercress...
  36. Fogarty M, Hughes C, Burke G, Brown J, Davison G. Acute and chronic watercress supplementation attenuates exercise-induced peripheral mononuclear cell DNA damage and lipid peroxidation. Br J Nutr. 2013;109:293-301 pubmed publisher
    ..05 v. control) in both experimental phases. These findings suggest that short- and long-term watercress ingestion has potential antioxidant effects against exercise-induced DNA damage and lipid peroxidation...
  37. Saygideger S, Dogan M. Influence of pH on lead uptake, chlorophyll and nitrogen content of Nasturtium officinale R. Br. and Mentha aquatica L. J Environ Biol. 2005;26:753-9 pubmed
    ..5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 microg mL(-1)) were investigated on uptake of lead, content of chlorophyll and nitrogen in Nasturtium officinale and Mentha aquatica...
  38. Dauchy F, Vincendeau P, Lifermann F. Eight cases of fascioliasis: clinical and microbiological features. Med Mal Infect. 2006;36:42-6 pubmed
    ..Fascioliasis is a parasitic infection caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with Fasciola hepatica...
  39. Ibatullin F, Banasiak A, Baumann M, Greffe L, Takahashi J, Mellerowicz E, et al. A real-time fluorogenic assay for the visualization of glycoside hydrolase activity in planta. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:1741-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In vitro analyses demonstrated that XXXG-beta-Res is hydrolyzed by the archetypal plant XEH, nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) NXG1, with classical Michaelis-Menten substrate saturation kinetics and a linear dependence ..
  40. Gorur G. Integration among the different aspects of the phenotypic plasticity in Aphis fabae, black bean aphid. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:2719-23 pubmed
    ..Host plant conditions affected types of phenotypic plasticities in a different way. However, particularly plasticity in ultimate rostral segment positively integrated with plasticity in fitness on novel host plant...
  41. Giallourou N, Oruna Concha M, Harbourne N. Effects of domestic processing methods on the phytochemical content of watercress (Nasturtium officinale). Food Chem. 2016;212:411-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Boiling of watercress should be avoided to ensure maximum ingestion of watercress-derived beneficial phytochemicals. ..
  42. Dreyfuss G, Vignoles P, Rondelaud D. Fasciola hepatica: epidemiological surveillance of natural watercress beds in central France. Parasitol Res. 2005;95:278-82 pubmed
    ..The main changes were the appearance of another digenea, Paramphistomum daubneyi, in the beds, and the possibility for O. glabra to naturally sustain the larval development of F. hepatica...
  43. Li Q, Zhan M, Chen W, Zhao B, Yang K, Yang J, et al. Phenylethyl isothiocyanate reverses cisplatin resistance in biliary tract cancer cells via glutathionylation-dependent degradation of Mcl-1. Oncotarget. 2016;7:10271-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, our results provide support that dietary intake of watercress may help reverse CDDP resistance in BTC patients. ..
  44. Tan K, Anderson T, Jones M, Smith P, Jackson W. Accumulation of perchlorate in aquatic and terrestrial plants at a field scale. J Environ Qual. 2004;33:1638-46 pubmed
    ..This study examined uptake of ClO(-)(4) in smartweed (Polygonum spp.) and watercress (Nasturtium spp.) as well as more than forty trees, including ash (Fraxinus greggii A. Gray), chinaberry (Melia azedarach L...
  45. Wielanek M, Krolicka A, Bergier K, Gajewska E, Skłodowska M. Transformation of Nasturtium officinale, Barbarea verna and Arabis caucasica for hairy roots and glucosinolate-myrosinase system production. Biotechnol Lett. 2009;31:917-21 pubmed publisher
    Hairy roots of Nasturtium officinale, Barbarea verna and Arabis caucasica with active glucosinolate-myrosinase system were obtained after transformation with Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Hairy roots of N...
  46. Marcus S, Verhertbruggen Y, Herve C, Ordaz Ortiz J, Farkas V, Pedersen H, et al. Pectic homogalacturonan masks abundant sets of xyloglucan epitopes in plant cell walls. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:60 pubmed publisher
    ..Xyloglucan is the major hemicellulose or cross-linking glycan of the primary cell walls of dicotyledons although little is known of its occurrence or functions in relation to cell development and cell wall microstructure...
  47. Casanova N, Ariagno J, López Nigro M, Mendeluk G, de los A Gette M, Petenatti E, et al. In vivo antigenotoxic activity of watercress juice (Nasturtium officinale) against induced DNA damage. J Appl Toxicol. 2013;33:880-5 pubmed publisher
    ..possible protective activity against damage induced by cyclophosphamide (CP) of the aqueous juice of watercress (Nasturtium officinale, W.T. Aiton) in vivo...
  48. Syed Alwi S, Cavell B, Telang U, Morris M, Parry B, Packham G. In vivo modulation of 4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) phosphorylation by watercress: a pilot study. Br J Nutr. 2010;104:1288-96 pubmed publisher
  49. Camacho Corona M, Ramírez Cabrera M, Santiago O, Garza Gonzalez E, Palacios I, Luna Herrera J. Activity against drug resistant-tuberculosis strains of plants used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases. Phytother Res. 2008;22:82-5 pubmed
    ..b>Nasturtium officinale showed the best activity (MIC = 100 microg/mL) against the sensitive Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
  50. Müller T, Müller C. Adult beetles compensate for poor larval food conditions. J Insect Physiol. 2016;88:24-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Highly nutritious crop plants may be, in consequence, all the more exploited by potential pests that may show a high plasticity in reproduction and feeding preferences. ..
  51. Pedras M, To Q. Defense and signalling metabolites of the crucifer Erucastrum canariense: Synchronized abiotic induction of phytoalexins and galacto-oxylipins. Phytochemistry. 2017;139:18-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, arabidopsides A and D were also identified in extracts of leaves of Nasturtium officinale R. Br.
  52. Gill C, Haldar S, Boyd L, Bennett R, Whiteford J, Butler M, et al. Watercress supplementation in diet reduces lymphocyte DNA damage and alters blood antioxidant status in healthy adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;85:504-10 pubmed
    ..Cruciferous vegetable (CV) consumption is associated with a reduced risk of several cancers in epidemiologic studies...
  53. Williams D, Critchley C, Pun S, Chaliha M, O Hare T. Differing mechanisms of simple nitrile formation on glucosinolate degradation in Lepidium sativum and Nasturtium officinale seeds. Phytochemistry. 2009;70:1401-9 pubmed publisher
    ..BITC) present in garden cress (Lepidium sativum), and phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) present in watercress (Nasturtium officinale)...
  54. Bahramikia S, Yazdanparast R. Antioxidant efficacy of Nasturtium officinale extracts using various in vitro assay systems. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2010;3:283-90 pubmed publisher
    b>Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (watercress), of the family Brassicaceae, has been long used as a home remedy or a medicinal plant by the people of southeastern Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of N...
  55. Suzuki C, Ohnishi Kameyama M, Sasaki K, Murata T, Yoshida M. Behavior of glucosinolates in pickling cruciferous vegetables. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:9430-6 pubmed
    ..As a model pickling experiment, fresh watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and blanched watercress were soaked in 3% NaCl solution for 7 days...
  56. Saleem A, Walshe Roussel B, Harris C, Asim M, Tamayo C, Sit S, et al. Characterisation of phenolics in Flor-Essence--a compound herbal product and its contributing herbs. Phytochem Anal. 2009;20:395-401 pubmed publisher
    ..FE is a chemically complex mixture of eight herbs and has not been subjected to phytochemical analysis...
  57. Pinela J, Barreira J, Barros L, Verde S, Antonio A, Carvalho A, et al. Suitability of gamma irradiation for preserving fresh-cut watercress quality during cold storage. Food Chem. 2016;206:50-8 pubmed publisher
    The suitability of gamma irradiation (1, 2 and 5kGy) for preserving quality parameters of fresh-cut watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) during storage at 4±1°C for 7d was investigated...
  58. Sapmaz F, Kalkan I, Guliter S, Nazlıoğlu A. [A clinical presentation of a very rare infection: parenchymal Fasciola hepatica]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2013;37:305-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The development of a chronic liver abscess appears to be extremely rare. Here we present our case with hepatic abscess due to F. hepatica, which is a rare clinical presentation. ..
  59. Boyd L, McCann M, Hashim Y, Bennett R, Gill C, Rowland I. Assessment of the anti-genotoxic, anti-proliferative, and anti-metastatic potential of crude watercress extract in human colon cancer cells. Nutr Cancer. 2006;55:232-41 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the watercress extract proved to be significantly protective against the three stages of the carcinogenesis process investigated...
  60. Ozen T. Investigation of antioxidant properties of Nasturtium officinale (watercress) leaf extracts. Acta Pol Pharm. 2009;66:187-93 pubmed
    ..to examine the in vitro and in vivo antioxidative properties of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the leaf of Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (watercress)...
  61. Keser G, Saygideger S. Effects of lead on the activities of antioxidant enzymes in watercress, Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2010;137:235-43 pubmed publisher
    ..GR), and ascorbate peroxidase (AP)) and lipid peroxidation levels in the stem and leaves of watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br...
  62. Rose P, Huang Q, Ong C, Whiteman M. Broccoli and watercress suppress matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and invasiveness of human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2005;209:105-13 pubmed
    ..italica) and watercress (Rorripa nasturtium aquaticum) extracts on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced cancer cell invasion and matrix ..
  63. Chuah C. Interspecific variation in defense secretions of Malaysian termites from the genus Bulbitermes. J Chem Ecol. 2005;31:819-27 pubmed
    ..germanus and B. sarawakensis contain tricyclic trinervitene; Bulbitermes sp. B contains a mixture of kempane and trinervitene. The mono- and diterpenoid compositions are species-specific...
  64. Duman F, Ozturk F. Nickel accumulation and its effect on biomass, protein content and antioxidative enzymes in roots and leaves of watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.). J Environ Sci (China). 2010;22:526-32 pubmed
    In order to understand its response towards nickel stress, watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) was exposed to nickel (1-25 mg/L) for 1, 3, 5 and 7 days...
  65. Beals C, Byl T. Chemiluminescent examination of abiotic oxidative stress of watercress. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2014;33:798-803 pubmed publisher
    Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is an aquatic plant that readily bioaccumulates heavy metals that may be found in contaminated aquatic systems...
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