mustard plant

Summary

Summary: Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and Brassica nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS. A species from a related genus SINAPIS ALBA is white mustard.

Top Publications

  1. Ruparel N, Patwardhan A, Akopian A, Hargreaves K. Homologous and heterologous desensitization of capsaicin and mustard oil responses utilize different cellular pathways in nociceptors. Pain. 2008;135:271-9 pubmed
    ..The heterologous desensitization of these receptors and corresponding inhibition of nociceptor activity might have potential application as a therapeutic target for developing novel analgesics...
  2. Ramchiary N, Padmaja K, Sharma S, Gupta V, Sodhi Y, Mukhopadhyay A, et al. Mapping of yield influencing QTL in Brassica juncea: implications for breeding of a major oilseed crop of dryland areas. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;115:807-17 pubmed
    ..Based on the QTL analysis, we propose that improvement in yield could be achieved more readily by heterosis breeding rather than by pure line breeding...
  3. Wan Z, Jing B, Tu J, Ma C, Shen J, Yi B, et al. Genetic characterization of a new cytoplasmic male sterility system (hau) in Brassica juncea and its transfer to B. napus. Theor Appl Genet. 2008;116:355-62 pubmed
    ..The evidence from genetic, morphological, cytological and molecular studies confirmed that the hau CMS system is a novel CMS system...
  4. Karashima Y, Prenen J, Meseguer V, Owsianik G, Voets T, Nilius B. Modulation of the transient receptor potential channel TRPA1 by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate manipulators. Pflugers Arch. 2008;457:77-89 pubmed publisher
  5. Wei H, Chapman H, Saarnilehto M, Kuokkanen K, Koivisto A, Pertovaara A. Roles of cutaneous versus spinal TRPA1 channels in mechanical hypersensitivity in the diabetic or mustard oil-treated non-diabetic rat. Neuropharmacology. 2010;58:578-84 pubmed publisher
  6. Albin K, Carstens M, Carstens E. Modulation of oral heat and cold pain by irritant chemicals. Chem Senses. 2008;33:3-15 pubmed
    ..Capsaicin, mustard oil, and cinnamaldehyde may induce heat hyperalgesia via enhanced thermal gating of TRPV1 that is coexpressed with TRPA1 in peripheral nociceptors...
  7. Yang J, Huai Y, Zhang M. Mitochondrial atpA gene is altered in a new orf220-type cytoplasmic male-sterile line of stem mustard (Brassica juncea). Mol Biol Rep. 2009;36:273-80 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we deduced that mitochondrial atpA gene altered in cms could be associated with male-sterility in this type of cms...
  8. Panjabi P, Jagannath A, Bisht N, Padmaja K, Sharma S, Gupta V, et al. Comparative mapping of Brassica juncea and Arabidopsis thaliana using Intron Polymorphism (IP) markers: homoeologous relationships, diversification and evolution of the A, B and C Brassica genomes. BMC Genomics. 2008;9:113 pubmed publisher
    ..thaliana and analyzed the arrangement of 24 (previously described) genomic block segments in the A, B and C Brassica genomes to study the evolutionary events contributing to karyotype variations in the three diploid Brassica genomes...
  9. Karashima Y, Talavera K, Everaerts W, Janssens A, Kwan K, Vennekens R, et al. TRPA1 acts as a cold sensor in vitro and in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:1273-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, cold plate and tail-flick experiments reveal TRPA1-dependent, cold-induced nociceptive behavior in mice. We conclude that TRPA1 acts as a major sensor for noxious cold...

More Information

Publications136 found, 100 shown here

  1. Pradhan A, Nelson M, Plummer J, Cowling W, Yan G. Characterization of Brassica nigra collections using simple sequence repeat markers reveals distinct groups associated with geographical location, and frequent mislabelling of species identity. Genome. 2011;54:50-63 pubmed publisher
  2. Srivastava A, Srivastava S, Penna S, D Souza S. Thiourea orchestrates regulation of redox state and antioxidant responses to reduce the NaCl-induced oxidative damage in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.). Plant Physiol Biochem. 2011;49:676-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the present study suggested that TU treatment regulated redox and antioxidant machinery to reduce the NaCl-induced oxidative stress...
  3. Akopian A, Ruparel N, Jeske N, Hargreaves K. Transient receptor potential TRPA1 channel desensitization in sensory neurons is agonist dependent and regulated by TRPV1-directed internalization. J Physiol. 2007;583:175-93 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we propose novel mechanisms whereby TRPA1 activity undergoes pharmacological desensitization through multiple cellular pathways that are agonist dependent and modulated by TRPV1...
  4. Akopian A, Ruparel N, Patwardhan A, Hargreaves K. Cannabinoids desensitize capsaicin and mustard oil responses in sensory neurons via TRPA1 activation. J Neurosci. 2008;28:1064-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, this study demonstrates that certain cannabinoids exert their peripheral antinocifensive actions via activation of the TRPA1 channel on sensory neurons...
  5. Di K, Stewart C, Wei W, Shen B, Tang Z, Ma K. Fitness and maternal effects in hybrids formed between transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and wild brown mustard [B. juncea (L.) Czern et Coss.] in the field. Pest Manag Sci. 2009;65:753-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary aim of this study was to compare the fitness of transgenic crop x wild hybrids with their parental types and a non-transgenic crop type in the field under enhanced temperature and humidity...
  6. Salas M, Hargreaves K, Akopian A. TRPA1-mediated responses in trigeminal sensory neurons: interaction between TRPA1 and TRPV1. Eur J Neurosci. 2009;29:1568-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, our results suggest that TRPA1-mediated responses in sensory neurons have distinct characteristics that can be accounted for by the coexpression of the TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels...
  7. Yang J, Liu X, Yang X, Zhang M. Mitochondrially-targeted expression of a cytoplasmic male sterility-associated orf220 gene causes male sterility in Brassica juncea. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:231 pubmed publisher
  8. Chandna R, Augustine R, Bisht N. Evaluation of candidate reference genes for gene expression normalization in Brassica juncea using real time quantitative RT-PCR. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36918 pubmed publisher
    ..The selection of most suitable reference genes depends on the experimental conditions, and is tissue and cultivar-specific. Further, to attain accuracy in the results more than one reference genes are necessary for normalization...
  9. Ashutosh -, Kumar P, Dinesh Kumar V, Sharma P, Prakash S, Bhat S. A novel orf108 co-transcribed with the atpA gene is associated with cytoplasmic male sterility in Brassica juncea carrying Moricandia arvensis cytoplasm. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:284-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A novel orf108 (open reading frame 108) co-transcribed with the atpA gene was found in the male sterile flowers. In the fertility restorer line, the transcript was cleaved within orf108 to yield monocistronic atpA transcripts...
  10. Yang J, Zhang M, Yu J. Relationship between cytoplasmic male sterility and SPL-like gene expression in stem mustard. Physiol Plant. 2008;133:426-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Thereby, we suggest that a probable pathway responsible for CMS in stem mustard involves mitochondrial retrograde regulation, with SPL-like as a target nuclear gene for a mitochondrial signal...
  11. Xu J, Chai T, Zhang Y, Lang M, Han L. The cation-efflux transporter BjCET2 mediates zinc and cadmium accumulation in Brassica juncea L. leaves. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:1235-42 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the heavy metal efflux of BjCET2 plays important roles in the metal tolerance of B. juncea and in Zn/Cd accumulation in B. juncea...
  12. Mishra S, Hoon M. Ablation of TrpV1 neurons reveals their selective role in thermal pain sensation. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2010;43:157-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, our data demonstrate that TrpV1 neurons are selectively tuned nociceptors that mediate responses to thermal but not mechanical pain and insinuate a labeled line model for somatosensory coding. ..
  13. Simons C, Sudo S, Sudo M, Carstens E. Mustard oil has differential effects on the response of trigeminal caudalis neurons to heat and acidity. Pain. 2004;110:64-71 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that the effect of mustard oil on subsequent lingual nociceptive responses is concentration dependent, transient, and modality specific...
  14. Mullany L, Darmstadt G, Khatry S, Tielsch J. Traditional massage of newborns in Nepal: implications for trials of improved practice. J Trop Pediatr. 2005;51:82-6 pubmed
  15. Mahmood T, Rahman M, Stringam G, Yeh F, Good A. Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for oil and protein contents and their relationships with other seed quality traits in Brassica juncea. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;113:1211-20 pubmed
    ..This indicates that protein in seed or meal has practically the same meaning for breeding purposes. Epistatic interactions were significant for the quality traits, and their linkage reflected association among the traits...
  16. Simons C, Carstens M, Carstens E. Oral irritation by mustard oil: self-desensitization and cross-desensitization with capsaicin. Chem Senses. 2003;28:459-65 pubmed
    ..The temporal patterns of oral irritation exhibited by mustard oil, and its reciprocal cross-desensitization with capsaicin, are similar to those of menthol and nicotine...
  17. Jordt S, Bautista D, Chuang H, McKemy D, Zygmunt P, Hogestatt E, et al. Mustard oils and cannabinoids excite sensory nerve fibres through the TRP channel ANKTM1. Nature. 2004;427:260-5 pubmed
    ..These findings identify a cellular and molecular target for the pungent action of mustard oils and support an emerging role for TRP channels as ionotropic cannabinoid receptors...
  18. Chye M, Zhao K, He Z, Ramalingam S, Fung K. An agglutinating chitinase with two chitin-binding domains confers fungal protection in transgenic potato. Planta. 2005;220:717-30 pubmed
  19. Grant A, Pinter E, Salmon A, Brain S. An examination of neurogenic mechanisms involved in mustard oil-induced inflammation in the mouse. Eur J Pharmacol. 2005;507:273-80 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that both a tachykinin NK1 receptor agonist and a CGRP agonist are active as vasodilators, producing redundancy, requiring blockade of both mediators to prevent vasodilatation...
  20. Banuelos G, Terry N, Leduc D, Pilon Smits E, Mackey B. Field trial of transgenic Indian mustard plants shows enhanced phytoremediation of selenium-contaminated sediment. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:1771-7 pubmed
    ..This is the first report showing that plants genetically engineered for phytoremediation can perform successfully under field conditions...
  21. Macpherson L, Dubin A, Evans M, Marr F, Schultz P, Cravatt B, et al. Noxious compounds activate TRPA1 ion channels through covalent modification of cysteines. Nature. 2007;445:541-5 pubmed
    ..Collectively, our data indicate that covalent modification of reactive cysteines within TRPA1 can cause channel activation, rapidly signalling potential tissue damage through the pain pathway...
  22. Banuelos G, Leduc D, Pilon Smits E, Terry N. Transgenic Indian mustard overexpressing selenocysteine lyase or selenocysteine methyltransferase exhibit enhanced potential for selenium phytoremediation under field conditions. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41:599-605 pubmed
    ..Further, this study confirms the importance of field testing for evaluating future transgenic lines...
  23. Pradhan A, Gupta V, Mukhopadhyay A, Arumugam N, Sodhi Y, Pental D. A high-density linkage map in Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) using AFLP and RFLP markers. Theor Appl Genet. 2003;106:607-14 pubmed
    ..The map developed in the present study could be used for dissection and the transfer of agronomically important traits and favourable QTLs from ill-adapted exotic germplasm to cultivated Indian varieties...
  24. Tang C, Chye M, Ramalingam S, Ouyang S, Zhao K, Ubhayasekera W, et al. Functional analyses of the chitin-binding domains and the catalytic domain of Brassica juncea chitinase BjCHI1. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:285-98 pubmed
    ..The least affected mutants were E349A and D360A, with 73% and 68% retention, respectively. Like Y269, E349 and D360 are possibly involved in substrate binding rather than catalysis...
  25. Wang J, Feng X, Anderson C, Wang H, Zheng L, Hu T. Implications of mercury speciation in thiosulfate treated plants. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:5361-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The iron/manganese oxide and organic-bound fractions of soil mercury were transformed to more bioavailable forms (soluble and exchangeable and specifically sorbed) and taken up by plants. ..
  26. Gorsuch J, Staples C, Brown D, Enste Diefenbach R. Vapor-phase toxicity of butylbenzyl phthalate to three plant species: white mustard, chinese cabbage, and white clover. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2008;81:220-4 pubmed publisher
    ..7 microg/m(3). The overall practicality of vapor-phase testing of chemicals with very low vapor pressures is reviewed. These study results suggest that environmental risk from exposure to BBP vapor is negligible for plants. ..
  27. Kumar M, Sirhindi G, Bhardwaj R, Kumar S, Jain G. Effect of exogenous H2O2 on antioxidant enzymes of Brassica juncea L. seedlings in relation to 24-epibrassinolide under chilling stress. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2010;47:378-82 pubmed
    ..C. 1.15.1.1). In conclusion, exogenous pretreatment of H2O2 to seeds of B. juncea L. adapted the seedlings to tolerate chilling stress, which was further ameliorated in combination of H2O2 with 24-EBL. ..
  28. Masood A, Iqbal N, Khan M, Khan N. The coordinated role of ethylene and glucose in sulfur-mediated protection of photosynthetic inhibition by cadmium. Plant Signal Behav. 2012;7:1420-2 pubmed publisher
    ..In this addendum we present some additional data indicating that ethylene regulates photosynthesis by reducing glucose (Glc) sensitivity, thus reducing the Glc-mediated photosynthetic repression. ..
  29. Ghani M, Li J, Rao L, Raza M, Cao L, Yu N, et al. The role of small RNAs in wide hybridisation and allopolyploidisation between Brassica rapa and Brassica nigra. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:272 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings of this study may provide new information for elucidating that the allotetraploids have a growth advantage over the parents and the allodiploids. ..
  30. Merrill A, Cuellar J, Judd J, Carstens M, Carstens E. Effects of TRPA1 agonists mustard oil and cinnamaldehyde on lumbar spinal wide-dynamic range neuronal responses to innocuous and noxious cutaneous stimuli in rats. J Neurophysiol. 2008;99:415-25 pubmed
    ..CA did not directly excite WDR neurons, and significantly enhanced responses to noxious heat while not affecting windup or responses to skin cooling or mechanical stimulation, indicating a peripheral sensitization of heat nociceptors. ..
  31. Khatter N, Abuldahb F. Effects of Ricinus communis, Brassica nigra and mineral oil Kemesol on some biochemical aspects of larvae stage of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2010;40:151-8 pubmed
    ..nigra and Kemesol 95%. A significant decrease was observed in haemolymph and fat body protein contents in larvae treated with all tested compound, the remarked decrease was noticed at the highest dose (4%) in both two solvents. ..
  32. Asgher M, Khan N, Khan M, Fatma M, Masood A. Ethylene production is associated with alleviation of cadmium-induced oxidative stress by sulfur in mustard types differing in ethylene sensitivity. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2014;106:54-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, ethylene production and sensitivity bear a prominent role in alleviation of Cd stress by S and can be used as a criterion for developing Cd tolerant genotypes. ..
  33. Borzsei R, Pozsgai G, Bagoly T, Elekes K, Pinter E, Szolcsanyi J, et al. Inhibitory action of endomorphin-1 on sensory neuropeptide release and neurogenic inflammation in rats and mice. Neuroscience. 2008;152:82-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that endomorphin-1 is able to inhibit the outflow of pro-inflammatory sensory neuropeptides. Based on this mechanism of action it is also able to effectively diminish neurogenic inflammatory responses in vivo...
  34. Srivastava S, Srivastava A, Suprasanna P, D Souza S. Identification and profiling of arsenic stress-induced microRNAs in Brassica juncea. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:303-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the present work demonstrates the role of miRNAs and associated mechanisms in the plant's response towards As stress. ..
  35. Pandey M, Srivastava A, D Souza S, Penna S. Thiourea, a ROS scavenger, regulates source-to-sink relationship to enhance crop yield and oil content in Brassica juncea (L.). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73921 pubmed publisher
    ..The study thus signifies the co-ordinated regulation of key steps of photosynthesis and source-to-sink relationship through the external application of TU resulting in increased crop yield and oil content. ..
  36. Braz J, Basbaum A. Differential ATF3 expression in dorsal root ganglion neurons reveals the profile of primary afferents engaged by diverse noxious chemical stimuli. Pain. 2010;150:290-301 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that purportedly selective agonists can activate a heterogeneous population of sensory neurons, which ultimately could contribute to the behavioral responses evoked. ..
  37. Kapoor R, Kaur G, Banga S, Banga S. Generation of B. nigra-B. rapa chromosome addition stocks: cytology and microsatellite markers (SSRs) based characterization. N Biotechnol. 2011;28:407-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Generation BC(3) having plants with 2n=19 carried chromosome numbers 6, 7 and 8. It is possible that chromosomes 6, 7 and 8 had higher transmission frequency and these were better tolerated by the B. nigra genome. ..
  38. Singh P, Singh S, Agrawal S, Agrawal M. Assessment of the interactive effects of ambient O? and NPK levels on two tropical mustard varieties (Brassica campestris L.) using open-top chambers. Environ Monit Assess. 2012;184:5863-74 pubmed publisher
  39. Moreno F, Sigolo J, Figueira A. Peat-assisted phytoremediation of waste foundry sands: plant growth, metal accumulation and fertility aspects. Int J Phytoremediation. 2012;14:247-60 pubmed
    ..However, there was evidence for increased mobilization of Cr and Ni in the substrate solution which can pose a threat to local groundwater. ..
  40. Sirvent S, Palomares O, Cuesta Herranz J, Villalba M, Rodriguez R. Analysis of the structural and immunological stability of 2S albumin, nonspecific lipid transfer protein, and profilin allergens from mustard seeds. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:6011-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Sin a 4 was completely digested by gastric treatment and its conformational structure markedly modified at 85 °C. Thus, this allergen can be described as a nonsensitizing mustard allergen. ..
  41. Jain R, Sikarwar S. Adsorptive removal of Erythrosine dye onto activated low cost de-oiled mustard. J Hazard Mater. 2009;164:627-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The positive value for DeltaH degrees indicates that the adsorption of Erythrosine dye to de-oiled mustard is an endothermic process. ..
  42. Zhu R, Macfie S, Ding Z. Effects of cadmium on photosynthetic oxygen evolution from single stomata in Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Langmuir. 2008;24:14261-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Periodic peaks in O2 release-time curves were observed, varying from 400 to 1600 s. The opening and closing activities of single stomata were also imaged by SECM. ..
  43. Fernández Bayo J, Achmon Y, Harrold D, McCurry D, Hernandez K, Dahlquist Willard R, et al. Assessment of Two Solid Anaerobic Digestate Soil Amendments for Effects on Soil Quality and Biosolarization Efficacy. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:3434-3442 pubmed publisher
    ..The results confirm the potential of digestates as beneficial soil amendments. Further studies are needed to elucidate the impacts of digestate stability on biosolarization efficacy and soil properties. ..
  44. Stefan A, Ugolini L, Martelli E, Palmieri S, Hochkoeppler A. Expression and purification of the recombinant mustard trypsin inhibitor 2 (MTI2) in Escherichia coli. J Biosci Bioeng. 2009;108:282-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the inhibitory activity against trypsin was also determined. ..
  45. Marvania B, Lee P, Chaniyara R, Dong H, Suman S, Kakadiya R, et al. Design, synthesis and antitumor evaluation of phenyl N-mustard-quinazoline conjugates. Bioorg Med Chem. 2011;19:1987-98 pubmed publisher
    ..We also demonstrate that the newly synthesized compounds are able to induce DNA cross-linking through alkaline agarose gel shift assay and inhibited cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. ..
  46. Cooper A, Latunde Dada A, Woods Tör A, Lynn J, Lucas J, Crute I, et al. Basic compatibility of Albugo candida in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica juncea causes broad-spectrum suppression of innate immunity. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2008;21:745-56 pubmed publisher
    ..juncea to H. arabidopsis. Broad-spectrum powdery mildew resistance conferred by RPW8 also was suppressed in Arabidopsis thaliana to two morphotypes of Erysiphe spp. following pre-infection with A. candida subsp. arabidopsis...
  47. Pedras M, Chumala P, Jin W, Islam M, Hauck D. The phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria brassicicola: phytotoxin production and phytoalexin elicitation. Phytochemistry. 2009;70:394-402 pubmed publisher
    ..brassicicola. In addition, the structure elucidation of three hitherto unknown metabolites having a fusicoccane skeleton was carried out and the antifungal activity of several plant defenses against A. brassicicola was determined. ..
  48. Augustine R, Mukhopadhyay A, Bisht N. Targeted silencing of BjMYB28 transcription factor gene directs development of low glucosinolate lines in oilseed Brassica juncea. Plant Biotechnol J. 2013;11:855-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that targeted silencing of a key glucosinolate transcriptional regulator MYB28 has huge potential for reducing the glucosinolates content and improving the seed-meal quality of oilseed Brassica crops. ..
  49. Shiyab S, Chen J, Han F, Monts D, Matta F, Gu M, et al. Mercury-induced oxidative stress in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Environ Toxicol. 2009;24:462-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus Indian mustard might be a potential candidate plant for phytofiltration/phytostabilization of mercury contaminated waters and wastewater. ..
  50. Yun J, Fan X, Li X. Inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and quality maintenance of cherry tomatoes treated with gaseous essential oils. J Food Sci. 2013;78:M458-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, treatment with cinnamon and oregano EO and their major components appeared to be feasible for inactivation of Salmonella on tomatoes and maintaining quality. ..
  51. George D, Collier R, Port G. Testing and improving the effectiveness of trap crops for management of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (L.): a laboratory-based study. Pest Manag Sci. 2009;65:1219-27 pubmed publisher
    ..The pest management benefits of trap crops may be maximised by using trap crop plants that are larger than the main crop plants, although relatively smaller trap crop plants may still be preferred as hosts for P. xylostella per se. ..
  52. Vriens J, Owsianik G, Hofmann T, Philipp S, Stab J, Chen X, et al. TRPM3 is a nociceptor channel involved in the detection of noxious heat. Neuron. 2011;70:482-94 pubmed publisher
    ..These experiments reveal an unanticipated role for TRPM3 as a thermosensitive nociceptor channel implicated in the detection of noxious heat. ..
  53. Cuhra P, Gabrovska D, Rysová J, Hanák P, Stumr F. ELISA kit for mustard protein determination: interlaboratory study. J AOAC Int. 2011;94:605-10 pubmed
    ..Repeatability and reproducibility limits, as well as an LOQ (1.8 mg mustard proteins/kg) and LOD (0.5 mg mustard proteins/kg), for the kit were calculated. ..
  54. Mao X, Han F, Shao X, Guo K, MCCOMB J, Arslan Z, et al. Electro-kinetic remediation coupled with phytoremediation to remove lead, arsenic and cesium from contaminated paddy soil. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;125:16-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Indian mustard, spinach and cabbage are good accumulators for Cs. Translocation of Pb, As and Cs from plant roots to shoots were enhanced by EKF. However, this study indicated the overall low phytoextraction efficiency of these plants. ..
  55. Zhang Y, Wang Z, Chai T, Wen Z, Zhang H. Indian mustard aquaporin improves drought and heavy-metal resistance in tobacco. Mol Biotechnol. 2008;40:280-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggested that BjPIP1 might improve plant heavy-metal resistance through alleviating water deficit and oxidative damage induced by metal ions. ..
  56. Kumar P, Vasupalli N, Srinivasan R, Bhat S. An evolutionarily conserved mitochondrial orf108 is associated with cytoplasmic male sterility in different alloplasmic lines of Brassica juncea and induces male sterility in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:2921-32 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report that shows that CMS lines of different origin and morphology could share common molecular basis. The gametic lethality of Orf108 offers a novel opportunity for transgene containment. ..
  57. Yang X, Liu X, Lv W, Li L, Shi Q, Yang J, et al. Reduced expression of BjRCE1 gene modulated by nuclear-cytoplasmic incompatibility alters auxin response in cytoplasmic male-sterile Brassica juncea. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38821 pubmed publisher
    ..juncea. This may be an important mechanism of retrograde regulation of nuclear gene expression in plants. ..
  58. Gerhold K, Bautista D. Molecular and cellular mechanisms of trigeminal chemosensation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1170:184-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of these channels in trigeminal thermosensation and pain will be discussed. ..
  59. Gupta M, Mason A, Batley J, Bharti S, Banga S, Banga S. Molecular-cytogenetic characterization of C-genome chromosome substitution lines in Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss. Theor Appl Genet. 2016;129:1153-66 pubmed publisher
    ..High heterosis was also indicated in hybrid combinations of substitution lines with natural B. juncea. These substitution genotypes constituted a valuable resource for targeted gene transfer and QTL identification. ..
  60. Lankau R, Strauss S. Mutual feedbacks maintain both genetic and species diversity in a plant community. Science. 2007;317:1561-3 pubmed
    ..nigra. Thus, conservation of species diversity may also necessitate maintenance of the processes that sustain the genetic diversity of each individual species...
  61. Meyers D, Auchterlonie G, Webb R, Wood B. Uptake and localisation of lead in the root system of Brassica juncea. Environ Pollut. 2008;153:323-32 pubmed publisher
    ..juncea might therefore be improved by breeding plants with profusely branching roots. Uptake enhancement using genetic engineering techniques would benefit from investigation of plasma membrane transport mechanisms. ..
  62. Quinn C, Prins C, Freeman J, Gross A, Hantzis L, Reynolds R, et al. Selenium accumulation in flowers and its effects on pollination. New Phytol. 2011;192:727-37 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is the first to shed light on the possible evolutionary cost, through decreased pollen germination in B. juncea, of Se accumulation and has implications for the management of seleniferous areas...
  63. Shanmugaraj B, Chandra H, Srinivasan B, Ramalingam S. Cadmium induced physio-biochemical and molecular response in Brassica juncea. Int J Phytoremediation. 2013;15:206-18 pubmed
    ..These findings could be used to develop heavy metal stress tolerant plants and more importantly, detoxification of heavy metals in the soil. ..
  64. Cao J, Shelton A, Earle E. Sequential transformation to pyramid two Bt genes in vegetable Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and its potential for control of diamondback moth larvae. Plant Cell Rep. 2008;27:479-87 pubmed
  65. Shiyab S, Chen J, Han F, Monts D, Matta F, Gu M, et al. Phytotoxicity of mercury in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2009;72:619-25 pubmed publisher
    ..However, due to high accumulation of mercury in plants, especially in the roots, Indian mustard might be a potential candidate plant for phytofiltration of contaminated water and phytostabilization of mercury-contaminated soils. ..
  66. Yang Z, Fang Z, Zheng L, Cheng W, Tsang P, Fang J, et al. Remediation of lead contaminated soil by biochar-supported nano-hydroxyapatite. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;132:224-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, nHAP@BC could effectively reduce the accumulation of Pb in plants by 31.4%. Overall, nHAP@BC can effectively remediate Pb-contaminated soil and accelerate the recovery of soil fertility. ..
  67. Pedron F, Petruzzelli G, Barbafieri M, Tassi E. Strategies to use phytoextraction in very acidic soil contaminated by heavy metals. Chemosphere. 2009;75:808-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Total accumulation in Poa annua plants showed the highest removal efficiency in the Z-Soil for all metals. The values obtained increased of 4, 11 and 12 times for Cu, Zn and Ni, respectively...
  68. Qu J, Luo C, Yuan X. Synthesis of hybrid carbon nanotubes using Brassica juncea L. application to photodegradation of bisphenol A. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2013;20:3688-95 pubmed publisher
    ..05)Zn(0.95)O nanocomposites could lead to 48.3, 75.7, and 92.6 % decomposition yields of BPA, respectively. These findings constitute a new insight for synthesizing nanocatalyst by reusing hyperaccumulators. ..
  69. Bandopadhyay L, Basu D, Sikdar S. Identification of genes involved in wild crucifer Rorippa indica resistance response on mustard aphid Lipaphis erysimi challenge. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73632 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first molecular report on crucifer defense response against mustard aphid L. erysimi. ..
  70. Ho T, Wang H, Pallett D, Dalmay T. Evidence for targeting common siRNA hotspots and GC preference by plant Dicer-like proteins. FEBS Lett. 2007;581:3267-72 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, dicot micro-(mi)RNAs displayed higher GC% than their DCL1 substrate RNAs, implicating that the GC bias may be ancient, therefore may be important for the RNAi technology. ..
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    ..Such detailed knowledge on As speciation and availability is vital for management and rehabilitation of As-contaminated soils. ..
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    ..Out of the two hormones (HBL/SA) HBL excelled in its effects at both sampling stages. Toxic effects generated by salinity stress were completely overcome by the combination of the two hormones (HBL and SA) at 45 DAS. ..
  75. Han S, Lee M, Lim K, Yang G, Jeon H, Ju J, et al. Intramuscular administration of morphine reduces mustard-oil-induced craniofacial-muscle pain behavior in lightly anesthetized rats. Eur J Pain. 2008;12:361-70 pubmed
    ..Our observations further support the clinical approach of administering opioids in the periphery for the treatment of craniofacial muscle nociception. ..
  76. Sinha S, Mukherjee S. Cadmium-induced siderophore production by a high Cd-resistant bacterial strain relieved Cd toxicity in plants through root colonization. Curr Microbiol. 2008;56:55-60 pubmed
    ..Through biochemical characterization and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, the strain KUCd1, as the name given to it, was identified as a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ..
  77. Choudhary A, Sharma D. Dynamics of pesticide residues in nectar and pollen of mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.) grown in Himachal Pradesh (India). Environ Monit Assess. 2008;144:143-50 pubmed
    ..It was found that Imidcloprid seed treatment was practically harmless to honey bees, whereas a waiting period of 5 days must be observed on crops sprayed with these chemicals during blooms to avoid any accidental hazards to honey bees. ..
  78. Lai H, Chen S, Chen Z. Pot experiment to study the uptake of Cd and Pb by three Indian mustards (Brassica juncea) grown in artificially contaminated soils. Int J Phytoremediation. 2008;10:89-103 pubmed
    ..Among the three accessions, B. juncea cv. 211000 accumulated the highest concentrations of Cd and Pb in their shoots compared with B. juncea cv. 182921 and cv. 426308, but its total removal was the lowest due to its lower biomass. ..
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    ..This is the first report in B. juncea L. plants showing the expression of BRs under metal treatments and effect of the isolated 24-EBL on metal uptake and in oxidative stress management. ..
  81. Bauddh K, Singh R. Cadmium tolerance and its phytoremediation by two oil yielding plants Ricinus communis (L.) and Brassica juncea (L.) from the contaminated soil. Int J Phytoremediation. 2012;14:772-85 pubmed
    ..R. communis appeared more tolerant and capable to clean Cd contaminated soil for longer period in one sowing than B. juncea and the former can grow in wasteland soil also in which later cannot be cultivated. ..
  82. Guo F, Fu G, Zhang Z, Zhang C. Mustard tuber wastewater treatment and simultaneous electricity generation using microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol. 2013;136:425-30 pubmed publisher
    ..It was the complexity and colloidal particulates present in PCE that gradually increased internal resistance and accordingly decreased power-generating performance. ..
  83. Kumar K, Srivastava S, Singh N, Behl H. Role of metal resistant plant growth promoting bacteria in ameliorating fly ash to the growth of Brassica juncea. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:51-7 pubmed publisher
    ..e. B. juncea. Concurrent production of siderophores, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase, indole acetic acid (IAA) and phosphate solubilization revealed their plant growth promotion potential...
  84. Luciano F, Belland J, Holley R. Microbial and chemical origins of the bactericidal activity of thermally treated yellow mustard powder toward Escherichia coli O157:H7 during dry sausage ripening. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011;145:69-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Autoclaved mustard powder could potentially solve an important challenge facing the meat industry as it strives to manufacture safe dry fermented sausages. ..
  85. Wang G, Tang Y, Yan H, Sheng X, Hao W, Zhang L, et al. Production and characterization of interspecific somatic hybrids between Brassica oleracea var. botrytis and B. nigra and their progenies for the selection of advanced pre-breeding materials. Plant Cell Rep. 2011;30:1811-21 pubmed publisher
    ..nigra-derived chromosomes shown by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) displayed a more cauliflower-like morphology and high resistance to black-rot. These plants were obtained as bridge materials for further analysis and breeding. ..
  86. Sengupta A, Ghosh M. Hypolipidemic effect of mustard oil enriched with medium chain fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid. Nutrition. 2011;27:1183-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Mustard oil can be enriched with MCFA and n-3 PUFA and these modified lipids exhibited hypocholesterolemic and hypolipidemic effects in rats when compared to unmodified mustard oil. ..
  87. Leffler A, Lattrell A, Kronewald S, Niedermirtl F, Nau C. Activation of TRPA1 by membrane permeable local anesthetics. Mol Pain. 2011;7:62 pubmed publisher
    ..The structural determinants involved in activation of TRPA1 by LAs are disparate from those involved in activation by menthol or those involved in activation of TRPV1 by LAs. ..
  88. Cools K, Terry L. Comparative study between extraction techniques and column separation for the quantification of sinigrin and total isothiocyanates in mustard seed. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2012;901:115-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Two columns were compared for the quantification of sinigrin revealing the Zorbax Eclipse to be the best column using this particular method. ..
  89. Hu J, Yang R, Wen C, Li H, Zhao H. [Expression of NLRP3 inflammasome in BALB/c mice with imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like inflammation and therapeutic effect of mustard seed (Sinapis Alba Linn)]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013;33:1394-8 pubmed
    ..NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like inflammation in mice, and mustard seed may suppress the inflammation induced by IL-1? and IL-18 through down-regulating the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome. ..
  90. Zhao S, Lei J, Chen G, Cao B. [Application of kanamycin in transgenic mustard(Brassica juncea Coss.)]. Yi Chuan. 2008;30:501-7 pubmed
    ..PCR technology was used to confirm the above detection methods. It is concluded that applying kanamycin to screen transgenic mustard offspring is feasible. ..
  91. Srivastava A, Ramaswamy N, Suprasanna P, D Souza S. Genome-wide analysis of thiourea-modulated salinity stress-responsive transcripts in seeds of Brassica juncea: identification of signalling and effector components of stress tolerance. Ann Bot. 2010;106:663-74 pubmed publisher
    ..This also indicates the potential of TU to be used as an effective bioregulator to impart salinity tolerance under field conditions. ..
  92. Arthur G, Aremu A, Kulkarni M, Okem A, Stirk W, Davies T, et al. Can the use of natural biostimulants be a potential means of phytoremediating contaminated soils from goldmines in South Africa?. Int J Phytoremediation. 2016;18:427-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Generally, IBA and SW enhanced the phytoremediation of B. juncea due to elevated levels of elements that accumulated in their different organs. ..