cynomorium

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE. Members contain stigmastanes and ursanes (TRITERPENES) and lignan glucopyranosides (LIGNANS).

Top Publications

  1. Rosa A, Rescigno A, Piras A, Atzeri A, Scano P, Porcedda S, et al. Chemical composition and effect on intestinal Caco-2 cell viability and lipid profile of fixed oil from Cynomorium coccineum L. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50:3799-807 pubmed publisher
    b>Cynomorium coccineum L. is a non-photosynthetic plant, spread over Mediterranean countries, amply used in traditional medicine...
  2. Liu Y, Li H, Wang X, Zhang G, Wang Y, Di D. Evaluation of the free radical scavenging activity of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. by a novel DPPH-HPLC method. J Food Sci. 2011;76:C1245-9 pubmed publisher
    A novel DPPH-HPLC method was successfully developed for evaluating the free radical scavenging activity of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr...
  3. Ma L, Chen G, Nie L, Ai M. [Effect of Cynomorium songaricum polysaccharide on telomere length in blood and brain of D-galactose-induced senescence mice]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:1257-60 pubmed
    To study the effects of Cynomorium songaricum polysaccharide (CSP) on telomere length in blood and brain tissues of aged mice in order to provide some evidence for CSP's development and applying in the clinical uses.
  4. Cui Z, Guo Z, Miao J, Wang Z, Li Q, Chai X, et al. The genus Cynomorium in China: an ethnopharmacological and phytochemical review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;147:1-15 pubmed publisher
    Species of the genus Cynomorium (Cynomoriaceae), including C. songaricum Rupr. and C. coccineum L...
  5. Yang W, Kim H, Park S, Kim H, Chang M, Park S. Cynomorium songaricum induces spermatogenesis with glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) enhancement in rat testes. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:693-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Cynomorium songaricum Ruprecht has been used in traditional Korean medicine to treat male infertility, including sexual dysfunction, by improving kidney function...
  6. Yu F, Liu Y, Cui Y, Chan E, Xie M, McGuire P, et al. Effects of a flavonoid extract from Cynomorium songaricum on the swimming endurance of rats. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38:65-73 pubmed
    The present study investigated the effects of a flavonoid extract from Cynomorium songaricum on the swimming endurance of rats by measuring changes of free radical scavenging enzymes, such as CuZn-SOD (copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase) ..
  7. Nickrent D, Der J, Anderson F. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the "Maltese mushroom" Cynomorium. BMC Evol Biol. 2005;5:38 pubmed
    ..The nonphotosynthetic (holoparasitic) flowering plant Cynomorium coccineum has long been known to the Muslim world as "tarthuth" and to Europeans as the "Maltese ..
  8. Zhao G, Wang J, Qin G, Guo L. Cynomorium songaricum extracts functionally modulate transporters of gamma-aminobutyric acid and monoamine. Neurochem Res. 2010;35:666-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. (SY) is a central nervous system-oriented herb material that has actions of anti-dementia, anti-epilepsy, and anti-stress...
  9. Zhang J, Wang F, Liu Z, Zhang S, Zhang Y, Liang J, et al. Synthesis and characterisation of seleno-Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. polysaccharide. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1641-51 pubmed publisher
    In this article, the structural properties of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. polysaccharide (CSP) after selenylation were investigated. The crude polysaccharide was obtained from C. songaricum Rupr...

More Information

Publications38

  1. Lu Y, Wang Q, Melzig M, Jenett Siems K. Extracts of Cynomorium songaricum protect human neuroblastoma cells from beta-amyloid25-35 and superoxide anion induced injury. Pharmazie. 2009;64:609-12 pubmed
    ..herbs are used to alleviate age-related diseases including memory impairment and dementia, among them stems of Cynomorium songaricum, Cynomoriaceae...
  2. Zhou Y, Ye R, Lu X, Lin P, Yang S, Yue P, et al. GC-MS analysis of liposoluble constituents from the stems of Cynomorium songaricum. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2009;49:1097-100 pubmed publisher
    In order to evaluate the differences and similarities between the liposoluble constituents in Cynomorium songaricum populations, stem liposoluble constituents in five populations of C...
  3. Zucca P, Rosa A, Tuberoso C, Piras A, Rinaldi A, Sanjust E, et al. Evaluation of antioxidant potential of “maltese mushroom” (Cynomorium coccineum) by means of multiple chemical and biological assays. Nutrients. 2013;5:149-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Cynomorium coccineum is an edible, non-photosynthetic plant widespread along the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea...
  4. Chen J, Sun S, Xu R, Liu Y, Yu J, Liu T, et al. [Identification of Cistanche deserticola from Boschniakla rossica and Cynomorium songaricum using FTIR and two-dimensional correlation IR spectroscopy]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2009;29:1502-7 pubmed
    ..2D-IR) was used for the identification of Cistanche deserticola from its adulterants, Boschniakla rossica and Cynomorium songaricum...
  5. Ma C, Wei Y, Wang Z, Hattori M. Triterpenes from Cynomorium songaricium--analysis of HCV protease inhibitory activity, quantification, and content change under the influence of heating. J Nat Med. 2009;63:9-14 pubmed publisher
    Inhibitory activity of the three major triterpenes from the stems of Cynomorium songaricum--ursolic acid, acetyl ursolic acid, and malonyl ursolic acid hemiester--and their related compounds were tested for their inhibitory activity on ..
  6. Garcia M, Nicholson E, Nickrent D. Extensive intraindividual variation in plastid rDNA sequences from the holoparasite Cynomorium coccineum (Cynomoriaceae). J Mol Evol. 2004;58:322-32 pubmed
    ..In this paper we document a case where a single individual of Cynomorium coccineum (Cynomoriaceae), a nonphotosynthetic holoparasitic plant, contains highly divergent plastid ribosomal ..
  7. Liu M, Xiao G, Rong P, Zhang Z, Dong J, Zhao H, et al. Therapeutic effects of radix dipsaci, pyrola herb, and Cynomorium songaricum on bone metabolism of ovariectomized rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:67 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of herbal medicines, such as Radix Dipsaci (RDD), Pyrola Herb (PHD), and Cynomorium songaricum decoction (CSD), on osteoporotic rats induced by ovariectomy (OVX).
  8. Zhang B, Zhang R, Yin X, Lao Z, Zhang Z, Wu Q, et al. Inhibitory activities of some traditional Chinese herbs against testosterone 5α-reductase and effects of Cacumen platycladi on hair re-growth in testosterone-treated mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;177:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..found the extract of Ganoderma lucidum (GL-ext), Polygonum multiflori (PM-ext), Cacumen platycladi (CP-ext) and Cynomorium songaricum (CS-ext) showed stronger 5αR inhibitory activity...
  9. Bellot S, Cusimano N, Luo S, Sun G, Zarre S, Groger A, et al. Assembled Plastid and Mitochondrial Genomes, as well as Nuclear Genes, Place the Parasite Family Cynomoriaceae in the Saxifragales. Genome Biol Evol. 2016;8:2214-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Using Illumina sequencing, we assembled the mitochondrial and plastid genomes as well as some nuclear genes of a Cynomorium specimen from Italy...
  10. Xie Y, Li X, Xu J, Jiang Q, Xie H, He J, et al. Two phenolic antioxidants in Suoyang enhance viability of •OH-damaged mesenchymal stem cells: comparison and mechanistic chemistry. Chem Cent J. 2017;11:84 pubmed publisher
    Suoyang originates from a psammophyte named Cynomorium songaricum Rupr and has been known as a phenolic-antioxidant-enriched traditional Chinese herbal medicine...
  11. Luo G, Wang J, Yan X, Zhang Y, Zhang G, Wang J. [Differences of Cynomorium songaricum seed quality and mutual parasitism in different host plants]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013;38:3432-7 pubmed
    In natural conditions, fully ripe Cynomorium songaricum seeds parasitize in Nitraria tangutorum or N. sphaerocarpa or N...
  12. Chu Q, Tian X, Lin M, Ye J. Electromigration profiles of Cynomorium songaricum based on capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:7979-83 pubmed
    ..method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of the pharmacologically active ingredients in Cynomorium songaricum in this work...
  13. Jin S, Eerdunbayaer -, Doi A, Kuroda T, Zhang G, Hatano T, et al. Polyphenolic constituents of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. and antibacterial effect of polymeric proanthocyanidin on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:7297-305 pubmed publisher
    Oligomeric and polymeric flavan-3-ols were obtained by chromatographic fractionation of extracts from Cynomorium songaricum Rupr...
  14. Xie S, Li G, Huang J, Zheng Y, Wang H, Zhang K, et al. A new flavanol from Cynomorium songaricum. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2013;15:413-6 pubmed publisher
    A new flavanol, named songarin A (1), was isolated from Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. The structure was established on the basis of spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR techniques...
  15. Meng H, Wang S, Li Y, Kuang Y, Ma C. Chemical constituents and pharmacologic actions of Cynomorium plants. Chin J Nat Med. 2013;11:321-9 pubmed publisher
    The stem of Cynomorium songaricum is a traditional Chinese medicine reputed to have tonic effects. C...
  16. Wang F, Liu Q, Wang W, Li X, Zhang J. A polysaccharide isolated from Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. protects PC12 cells against H2O2-induced injury. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;87:222-8 pubmed publisher
    ..in this paper, a rat pheochromocytoma line 12 (PC12) cell is built to observe the protective effect of a Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. polysaccharide (CSP) against H2O2-induced oxidative stress...
  17. Shi G, Jiang W, Cai L, Sui G. Molecular characteristics and antitumor capacity of Glycan extracted from Cynomorium songaricum. Int J Biol Macromol. 2011;48:788-92 pubmed publisher
    Glycan were isolated from Cynomorium songaricum and flavone was extracted from Ginkgo leaf. This glycan was well fractionated into three fractions (CSG-F1, CSG-F1, and CSG-F3)...
  18. Yang Y, Yi X, Peng M, Zhou Y. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures of root-holoparasitic Cynomorium songaricum and its hosts at the Tibetan plateau and the surrounding Gobi desert in China. Isotopes Environ Health Stud. 2012;48:483-93 pubmed
    We first measured the ?(13)C and ?(15)N values of root holoparasite Cynomorium songaricum and its hosts from 19 sites across four provinces in northwest China, in an attempt to investigate their nutritional relationship at the Tibetan ..
  19. Wang J, Luo G, Chen Y, Zheng Y, Zu T. [New record for China of host plant of Cynomorium songaricumpeganum multisectum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2011;36:3244-6 pubmed
    To investigate the distribution and host plants of Cynomorium songaricum, and provide a scientific basis for the artificial cultivation of C. songaricum and protect the ecological environment in the sandy area.
  20. Zhang Q, Wang W, Li J, Chang Y, Wang Y, Zhang J, et al. Simultaneous determination of catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate in rat plasma by LC-ESI-MS/MS for pharmacokinetic studies after oral administration of Cynomorium songaricum extract. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2012;880:168-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The accuracies were more than 85%. After single oral administration of 15.25 g kg(-1) Cynomorium songaricum extract, C(max) of catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate in rat plasma were respectively 86...
  21. Zheng H, Teng J, Wang B, Yin H. [The morphological and histological identification of Boschniakia rossica]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2001;24:557-9 pubmed
    ..Cross section solid, without cortex. Hard in texture. Pith unobvious. The stele vascular bundle of Cistanche deserticola arranged in wavy ring. That of Cynomrium songaricum irregularly arranged...
  22. Zhang R, Jia Z, Li M, Wang J, Yin Q, Luo J, et al. [Study on the effect of Part III from Cynomorium songaricum on immunosuppressive mice induced by cyclophosphamide]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008;31:407-9 pubmed
    To study the immunomodulatory effect of Part III of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. on the immunosuppressive mice.
  23. Chang Y, Su G, Yin C, Zhang J, Bu H. [Study on dynamics of tannin in different growth phase of Cynomorium songaricum]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2005;28:643-5 pubmed
    ..and complexometry were used to determine the content of tannin in different growth phase of wild and cultivated Cynomorium songaricum Rupr...
  24. Xue G, Liu Q, Ren X, Han Y. [Determination of fifteen metal elements in Cynomorium songaricum by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS)]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2004;24:1461-3 pubmed
    ..method was established for the determination of Na, K, Mg, Ca, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Ni, Co, Pb, Cr, Cd, Ag and Au in Cynomorium songaricum after digestion with HNO3-HClO4 (phi 4:1) at 90-95 degrees C and at normal pressure...
  25. Luan N, Li D. [Study on supercritical CO2 extraction of flavonoids from Cynomorium songaricum]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2010;33:1167-71 pubmed
    To study the extraction technology of flavonoids from Cynomorium songaricum by supercritical CO2 extraction.
  26. Meng H, Ma C. Flavan-3-ol-cysteine and acetylcysteine conjugates from edible reagents and the stems of Cynomorium songaricum as potent antioxidants. Food Chem. 2013;141:2691-6 pubmed publisher
    Flavan-3-ol derivatives, including 3 cysteine conjugates and 3 acetylcysteine conjugates, were prepared using Cynomorium songaricum and edible reagents. The structures were determined, based on NMR and MS spectra...
  27. Punyawudho B, Puttilerpong C, Wirotsaengthong S, Aramwit P. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study of Cappra® for the treatment of mild or mild to moderate erectile dysfunction in Thai male. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013;10:310-5 pubmed
    ..6% Cappra(®), 0% placebo), and tachycardia (1.6% Cappra(®), 0% placebo). The results from this study demonstrated that Cappra(®) is effective and well-tolerated and can be used as alternative therapy for mild and mild to moderate ED. ..
  28. Zhang S, Zhang S, Hu J. [Studies on polysaccharide of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2001;26:409-11 pubmed
    To study the acidic heteropolysac charides of Cynomorium songaricum.
  29. Tao J, Tu P, Xu W, Chen D. [Studies on chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of the stem of Cynomorium songaricum Rupr]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1999;24:292-4, 318-9 pubmed
    In order to exploit the medicinal resources and provide a scientific evidence for the clinical use and quality of Cynomorium songaricum control, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of the stem of the plant were studied ..