Summary: A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.

Top Publications

  1. Lee H. p-Anisaldehyde: acaricidal component of Pimpinella anisum seed oil against the house dust mites Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Planta Med. 2004;70:279-81 pubmed
    ..farinae and D. pteronyssinus adults, respectively. The results suggested that p-anisaldehyde may be useful as a lead compound for the development of new agents for the selective control of house dust mites...
  2. Scholten E, Linden E, This H. The life of an anise-flavored alcoholic beverage: does its stability cloud or confirm theory?. Langmuir. 2008;24:1701-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This could be useful for a better control of "spontaneous emulsification" processes. ..
  3. Al Bayati F. Synergistic antibacterial activity between Thymus vulgaris and Pimpinella anisum essential oils and methanol extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;116:403-6 pubmed publisher
    Essential oils (EOs) and methanol extracts obtained from aerial parts of Thymus vulgaris and Pimpinella anisum seeds were evaluated for their single and combined antibacterial activities against nine Gram-positive and Gram-negative ..
  4. Sahraei H, Ghoshooni H, Hossein Salimi S, Mohseni Astani A, Shafaghi B, Falahi M, et al. The effects of fruit essential oil of the Pimpinella anisum on acquisition and expression of morphine induced conditioned place preference in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;80:43-7 pubmed
    The problem of drug dependence still remains unresolved. In the present study the effects of an essential oil of Pimpinella anisum (Umbeliferae) on the expression and acquisition of conditioned place preference (CPP) induced by morphine ..
  5. Park I, Choi K, Kim D, Choi I, Kim L, Bak W, et al. Fumigant activity of plant essential oils and components from horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), anise (Pimpinella anisum) and garlic (Allium sativum) oils against Lycoriella ingenua (Diptera: Sciaridae). Pest Manag Sci. 2006;62:723-8 pubmed
    ..ingenua. Allyl isothiocyanate was the most toxic, followed by trans-anethole, diallyl disulfide and p-anisaldehyde with LC(50) values of 0.15, 0.20, 0.87 and 1.47 microL L(-1) respectively...
  6. Tabanca N, Ma G, Pasco D, Bedir E, Kirimer N, Baser K, et al. Effect of essential oils and isolated compounds from Pimpinella species on NF-kappaB: a target for antiinflammatory therapy. Phytother Res. 2007;21:741-5 pubmed
    b>Pimpinella essential oils and isolated compounds were screened for their inhibitory activity against NF-kappaB mediated transcription in SW1353 cells. Twelve oils were effective in inhibiting NF-kappaB mediated transcription...
  7. Kosalec I, Pepeljnjak S, Kustrak D. Antifungal activity of fluid extract and essential oil from anise fruits (Pimpinella anisum L., Apiaceae). Acta Pharm. 2005;55:377-85 pubmed
    Antifungal activities of fluid extract and essential oil obtained from anise fruits Pimpinella anisum L. (Apiaceae) were tested in vitro on clinical isolates of seven species of yeasts and four species of dermatophytes...
  8. Menichini F, Tundis R, Loizzo M, Bonesi M, Marrelli M, Statti G, et al. Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition of ethanolic extract and monoterpenes from Pimpinella anisoides V Brig. (Apiaceae). Fitoterapia. 2009;80:297-300 pubmed publisher
    Ethanolic extract from the fruits of Pimpinella anisoides, an aromatic plant and a spice, exhibited activity against AChE and BChE, with IC(50) values of 227.5 and 362.1 microg/ml, respectively...
  9. Janahmadi M, Farajnia S, Vatanparast J, Abbasipour H, Kamalinejad M. The fruit essential oil of Pimpinella anisum L. (Umblliferae) induces neuronal hyperexcitability in snail partly through attenuation of after-hyperpolarization. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;120:360-5 pubmed publisher
    Many biological actions of Pimpinella anisum L. (Ainse), including antiepileptic activity have been demonstrated; however, there is no data concerning its precise cellular mechanisms of action...

More Information


  1. Kreydiyyeh S, Usta J, Knio K, Markossian S, Dagher S. Aniseed oil increases glucose absorption and reduces urine output in the rat. Life Sci. 2003;74:663-73 pubmed
    Anise (Pimpinella anisum) has been used as a traditional aromatic herb in many drinks and baked foods because of the presence of volatile oils in its fruits commonly known as seeds...
  2. Delazar A, Biglari F, Esnaashari S, Nazemiyeh H, Talebpour A, Nahar L, et al. GC-MS analysis of the essential oils, and the isolation of phenylpropanoid derivatives from the aerial parts of Pimpinella aurea. Phytochemistry. 2006;67:2176-81 pubmed
    ..thin layer chromatography (PTLC) of the dichloromethane extract of the aerial parts of the Iranian plant Pimpinella aurea afforded two phenylpropanoids, erythro-1'-(4-methoxyphenyl)-propan-1',2'-diol (1) and erythro-1'-[4-(sec-..
  3. Topuz O, Özvural E, Zhao Q, Huang Q, Chikindas M, Gölükçü M. Physical and antimicrobial properties of anise oil loaded nanoemulsions on the survival of foodborne pathogens. Food Chem. 2016;203:117-123 pubmed publisher
    ..64 log cfu/ml, respectively. Physicochemical and microbial analyses indicated that both nano and coarse emulsions of anise oil showed better and long-term physicochemical stability and antimicrobial activity compared to bulk anise oil. ..
  4. Singh G, Kapoor I, Pandey S, Singh U, Singh R. Studies on essential oils: part 10; antibacterial activity of volatile oils of some spices. Phytother Res. 2002;16:680-2 pubmed
    ..of seven spices, Anethum graveolens, Carum capticum, Coriandrum sativum, Cuminum cyminum, Foeniculum vulgare, Pimpinella anisum and Seseli indicum have been studied for antibacterial activity against eight pathogenic bacteria, ..
  5. Lee H. Food protective effect of acaricidal components isolated from anise seeds against the stored food mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank). J Food Prot. 2005;68:1208-10 pubmed
    ..The results suggested that anisaldehyde, anethole, estragole, and myrcene derived from anise seeds are useful as a lead compound to development new agents for selective control of the stored food mite. ..
  6. Al Bachir M. Effect of gamma irradiation on microbial load and sensory characteristics of aniseed (Pimpinella anisum). Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:1871-6 pubmed
    Seeds of anise (Pimpinella anisum) were exposed to doses of 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20kGy in a (60)Co package irradiator. Irradiated and unirradiated samples were stored at room temperature...
  7. Hepper P, Wells D. Perinatal olfactory learning in the domestic dog. Chem Senses. 2006;31:207-12 pubmed
    ..Such a system may confer survival advantages by promoting the acquisition of information about safe foods. ..
  8. Passone M, Girardi N, Etcheverry M. Evaluation of the control ability of five essential oils against Aspergillus section Nigri growth and ochratoxin A accumulation in peanut meal extract agar conditioned at different water activities levels. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012;159:198-206 pubmed publisher
    ..poleo [Lippia turbinata var. integrifolia (Griseb.)], clove [Syzygium aromaticum L.], anise [Pimpinella anisum] and thyme [Thymus vulgaris]) obtained by hydrodistillation were evaluated for their effectiveness ..
  9. Ishikawa T, Fujimatu E, Kitajima J. Water-soluble constituents of anise: new glucosides of anethole glycol and its related compounds. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:1460-6 pubmed
    From the water-soluble portion of the methanolic extract of the fruit of anise (Pimpinella anisum L...
  10. Bang J, Mortensen O, Ebbehøj N. [Poisoning by anis oil]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2008;170:461 pubmed
    ..Essential oils are used widespread by the Danish population. In Denmark a severe case of poisoning from anis oil has occurred. ..
  11. Erler F, Polat E, Demir H, Cetin H, Erdemir T. Control of the mushroom phorid fly, Megaselia halterata (Wood), with plant extracts. Pest Manag Sci. 2009;65:144-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the positive control, there were no significant differences between the chlorpyrifos-ethyl, Greeneem oil and Pimpinella anisum L. extract treatments. The results suggest that both neem products and hot-water extracts of O...
  12. Saddala R, Thopireddy L, Ganapathi N, Kesireddy S. Regulation of cardiac oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats treated with aqueous extract of Pimpinella tirupatiensis tuberous root. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2013;65:15-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The main aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of aqueous extract (AE) of Pimpinella tirupatiensis (Pt) tuberous root on cardiac oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in non-diabetic and ..
  13. Soto Argel C, Hidalgo D, Palazon J, Corchete P. Extracellular chromone derivatives in cell cultures of Pimpinella anisum. Influence of elicitation with methyl jasmonate and 2?-methyl cyclodextrins. Biotechnol Lett. 2018;40:413-418 pubmed publisher
    To explore the potentiality of undifferentiated Pimpinella anisum L. cell cultures for the production of secondary metabolites by means of elicitation. Two chromone compounds were secreted to the medium of undifferentiated cultures of P...
  14. Gázquez García V, Gaig Jané P, Bartolomé Zavala B. Aniseed-induced nocturnal tongue angioedema. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17:406-8 pubmed
    ..SDS-PAGE immunoblotting study showed a broad specific IgE-binding band of 12.9-13.7 kd when aniseed extract was incubated with the patient's serum; this band might correspond to the protein responsible for the described symptoms. ..
  15. Tabanca N, Bedir E, Ferreira D, Slade D, Wedge D, Jacob M, et al. Bioactive constituents from Turkish Pimpinella species. Chem Biodivers. 2005;2:221-32 pubmed
    ..2), and eight known compounds (3-10) were isolated from the essential oils of several Pimpinella species growing in Turkey. The structures of the new compounds were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR analyses...
  16. Burgess I, Brunton E, Burgess N. Clinical trial showing superiority of a coconut and anise spray over permethrin 0.43% lotion for head louse infestation, ISRCTN96469780. Eur J Pediatr. 2010;169:55-62 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that, although permethrin lotion is still effective for some people, the coconut and anise spray can be a significantly more effective alternative treatment. ..
  17. Joshi R. Chemical composition of the essential oil of the flowering aerial Parts of Pimpinella monoica. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1643-4 pubmed
    The essential oil composition of the flowering aerial parts of Pimpinella monoica Dalzell was analyzed by gas chromatography equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS)...
  18. Oostindjer M, Bolhuis J, van den Brand H, Roura E, Kemp B. Prenatal flavor exposure affects growth, health and behavior of newly weaned piglets. Physiol Behav. 2010;99:579-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Prenatal exposure, but not postnatal exposure alone, to anisic flavor through the maternal diet reduced weaning-associated problems in piglets and enhanced their health and welfare in the period after weaning. ..
  19. Javan R, Javadi B, Feyzabadi Z. Breastfeeding: A Review of Its Physiology and Galactogogue Plants in View of Traditional Persian Medicine. Breastfeed Med. 2017;12:401-409 pubmed publisher
    ..Foeniculum vulgare, Anethum graveolens, Pimpinella anisum, Nigella sativa, and Vitex agnus-castus are among the most effective galactogogue TPM plants...
  20. Caumes J, Bronstein J, Richecoeur M, Lipovac A. [Hypermineralocorticoidism induced by very low doses of "alcohol free pastis"]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2004;28:917-8 pubmed
  21. Pina Pérez M, Silva Angulo A, Muguerza Marquínez B, Aliaga D, López A. Synergistic effect of high hydrostatic pressure and natural antimicrobials on inactivation kinetics of Bacillus cereus in a liquid whole egg and skim milk mixed beverage. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009;6:649-56 pubmed publisher
    ..During the refrigerated storage of B. cereus HHP-treated cells in beverages to which antimicrobials had been added, the inhibitory effect was dependent on the previously applied pressure level. ..
  22. Radaelli M, da Silva B, Weidlich L, Hoehne L, Flach A, da Costa L, et al. Antimicrobial activities of six essential oils commonly used as condiments in Brazil against Clostridium perfringens. Braz J Microbiol. 2016;47:424-30 pubmed publisher
    ..marjoram), Mentha × piperita L. var. Piperita (peppermint), Thymus vulgaris L. (thyme) and Pimpinella anisum L. (anise) against C. perfringens strain A...
  23. Kitajima J, Ishikawa T, Fujimatu E, Kondho K, Takayanagi T. Glycosides of 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol from the fruits of anise, coriander and cumin. Phytochemistry. 2003;62:115-20 pubmed
    ..Though the phosphate of 1 was known to be one of the first precursors of isoprenoids in the non-mevalonate pathway, and 1 is considered to be a common constituent in Umbelliferous plants, the glycosides of 1 are found for the first time...
  24. Shreaz S, Bhatia R, Khan N, Muralidhar S, Basir S, Manzoor N, et al. Exposure of Candida to p-anisaldehyde inhibits its growth and ergosterol biosynthesis. J Gen Appl Microbiol. 2011;57:129-36 pubmed
    p-Anisaldehyde (4-methoxybenzaldehyde), an extract from Pimpinella anisum seeds, is a very common digestive herb of north India...
  25. Andrade Ochoa S, Sánchez Aldana D, Chacón Vargas K, Rivera Chavira B, Sánchez Torres L, Camacho A, et al. Oviposition Deterrent and Larvicidal and Pupaecidal Activity of Seven Essential Oils and their Major Components against Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae): Synergism-antagonism Effects. Insects. 2018;9: pubmed publisher
    ..i>Laurusnobilis Linnaeus), Mexican oregano (Lippiaberlandieri Schauer) and anise (Pimpinellaanisum Linnaeus)) and their major components are tested against larvae and pupae of Culex..
  26. Pedersen Bjergaard S, Rasmussen K. Liquid-phase microextraction utilising plant oils as intermediate extraction medium--towards elimination of synthetic organic solvents in sample preparation. J Sep Sci. 2004;27:1511-6 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, fatty oils and essential oils may serve as alternative organic phase in LPME, eliminating the use of hazardous organic solvents. ..
  27. Budziak D, Martendal E, Carasek E. Application of poly(dimethylsiloxane) fiber sol-gel coated onto NiTi alloy electrodeposited with zirconium oxide for the determination of organochlorine pesticides in herbal infusions. J Sep Sci. 2008;31:2875-81 pubmed publisher
    ..lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.), and anise seeds (Pimpinella anisum L.)...
  28. Mumcuoglu K, Miller J, Zamir C, Zentner G, Helbin V, Ingber A. The in vivo pediculicidal efficacy of a natural remedy. Isr Med Assoc J. 2002;4:790-3 pubmed
    ..2%). There were no significant side effects associated with either formulation. The natural remedy was very effective in controlling louse infestations under clinical conditions and caused no serious side effects. ..
  29. Tabanca N, Demirci B, Kirimer N, Baser K, Bedir E, Khan I, et al. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella aurea, Pimpinella corymbosa, Pimpinella peregrina and Pimpinella puberula gathered from Eastern and Southern Turkey. J Chromatogr A. 2005;1097:192-8 pubmed
    Essential oils from fruits, stems and leaves and roots of Pimpinella aurea DC., P. corymbosa Boiss., P. peregrina L. were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques...
  30. Caruso S, Grillo C, Agnello C, Maiolino L, Intelisano G, Serra A. A prospective study evidencing rhinomanometric and olfactometric outcomes in women taking oral contraceptives. Hum Reprod. 2001;16:2288-94 pubmed
    ..Unlike the rhinomanometric airflow and trans-nasal pressure, the olfactory threshold to odours seems to depend on the variations of the ovarian steroids during the menstrual cycle and on the iatrogenic effects of oral contraceptives. ..
  31. Blais I, Terkel J, Goldblatt A. Long-term impact of early olfactory experience on later olfactory conditioning. Dev Psychobiol. 2006;48:501-7 pubmed
    ..The effect of the early experience was still detectable at least 5 months after last exposure to the odor. ..
  32. Tavallali V, Rahmati S, Bahmanzadegan A. Antioxidant activity, polyphenolic contents and essential oil composition of Pimpinella anisum L. as affected by zinc fertilizer. J Sci Food Agric. 2017;97:4883-4889 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Zn fertilization on the antioxidant activity, polyphenolic contents and essential oil composition of Pimpinella anisum fruit.
  33. Strehle K, Rosch P, Berg D, Schulz H, Popp J. Quality control of commercially available essential oils by means of Raman spectroscopy. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:7020-6 pubmed
    ..In addition, cross-sections of anise seeds were analyzed applying the Raman mapping technique to localize and investigate the distribution of the oil in situ. ..
  34. Yamini Y, Bahramifar N, Sefidkon F, Saharkhiz M, Salamifar E. Extraction of essential oil from Pimpinella anisum using supercritical carbon dioxide and comparison with hydrodistillation. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:212-8 pubmed publisher
    Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of essential oil from Pimpinella anisum, using carbon dioxide as a solvent is presented in this work. An orthogonal array design OA9 (3(4)) was applied to select the optimum extraction condition...
  35. Tabanca N, Demirci B, Ozek T, Kirimer N, Baser K, Bedir E, et al. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey. J Chromatogr A. 2006;1117:194-205 pubmed
    Essential oils from 15 Pimpinella species were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques...
  36. Tirapelli C, de Andrade C, Cassano A, De Souza F, Ambrosio S, da Costa F, et al. Antispasmodic and relaxant effects of the hidroalcoholic extract of Pimpinella anisum (Apiaceae) on rat anococcygeus smooth muscle. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;110:23-9 pubmed
    ..involved in the muscle relaxant effect of ethanol:water (40:60, 60:40 and 80:20) aerial parts extracts of Pimpinella anisum...
  37. Khater H, Hanafy A, Abdel Mageed A, Ramadan M, El Madawy R. Control of the myiasis-producing fly, Lucilia sericata, with Egyptian essential oils. Int J Dermatol. 2011;50:187-94 pubmed publisher
    ..four commercially available essential oils [lettuce (Lactuca sativa), chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), anise (Pimpinella anisum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)] against third larval instars of L.?sericata was evaluated...
  38. Erler F, Ulug I, Yalcinkaya B. Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens. Fitoterapia. 2006;77:491-4 pubmed
    Essential oils extracted from the seeds of anise (Pimpinella anisum), dried fruits of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), dried foliage of mint (Mentha piperita) and basil (Ocimum basilicum) and fresh foliage of laurel (Laurus nobilis) ..
  39. Samojlik I, Mijatović V, Petkovic S, Skrbic B, Bozin B. The influence of essential oil of aniseed (Pimpinella anisum, L.) on drug effects on the central nervous system. Fitoterapia. 2012;83:1466-73 pubmed publisher
    Anise (Pimpinella anisum L.; Apiaceae) and its essential oil have been widely used in folk medicine, pharmacy and food industry...
  40. Ngahang Kamte S, Ranjbarian F, Cianfaglione K, Sut S, Dalĺ Acqua S, Bruno M, et al. Identification of highly effective antitrypanosomal compounds in essential oils from the Apiaceae family. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018;156:154-165 pubmed publisher
    ..montanum, Sison amomum, Echinophora spinosa, Kundmannia sicula, Crithmum maritimum, Helosciadium nodiflorum, Pimpinella anisum, Heracleum sphondylium and Trachyspermum ammi) and their essential oils as a model for the identification ..
  41. Al Mofleh I, Alhaider A, Mossa J, Al Soohaibani M, Rafatullah S. Aqueous suspension of anise "Pimpinella anisum" protects rats against chemically induced gastric ulcers. World J Gastroenterol. 2007;13:1112-8 pubmed
    ..traditional medicine practitioners on the gastroprotective potential effect of a popular spice anise, "Pimpinella anisum L." on experimentally-induced gastric ulceration and secretion in rats...
  42. Ma G, Tabanca N, Husnu Can Baser K, Kirimer N, Pasco D, Khan I, et al. Inhibition of NF-kappaB-mediated transcription and induction of apoptosis in human breast cancer cells by epoxypseudoisoeugenol-2-methyl butyrate. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2009;63:673-80 pubmed publisher
    ..the in vitro effects of epoxypseudoisoeugenol-2-methyl butyrate (EPB), a phenylpropranoid isolated from Pimpinella corymbosa, on the activation of NF-kappaB, cell growth, cell cycle progression and apoptosis in MCF-7 (estrogen-..
  43. Niinemets U. Key plant structural and allocation traits depend on relative age in the perennial herb Pimpinella saxifraga. Ann Bot. 2005;96:323-30 pubmed
    ..Leaf structure, size and biomass allocation were studied in the perennial herb Pimpinella saxifraga during plant ontogeny from seedling to senile phases to determine age-dependent controls on key plant ..
  44. Koch J, Schrauder A, Alpers K, Werber D, Frank C, Prager R, et al. Salmonella agona outbreak from contaminated aniseed, Germany. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1124-7 pubmed
    ..Consumers should adhere strictly to brewing instructions, although in exceptional cases this precaution may not be protective, particularly when preparing tea for vulnerable age groups. ..
  45. Cardozo P, Calsamiglia S, Ferret A, Kamel C. Effects of alfalfa extract, anise, capsicum, and a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on ruminal fermentation and protein degradation in beef heifers fed a high-concentrate diet. J Anim Sci. 2006;84:2801-8 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that at the doses used a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol, anise oil, and capsicum oil may be useful as modifiers of rumen fermentation in beef production systems. ..
  46. García González J, Bartolomé Zavala B, Fernández Meléndez S, Barceló Muñoz J, Miranda Páez A, Carmona Bueno M, et al. Occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and food allergy because of aniseed sensitization. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2002;88:518-22 pubmed
    ..We demonstrate the presence of aniseed allergens in a case of occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and food allergy, with molecular weights for this spice that differed from those previously reported. ..
  47. Chaudhry N, Tariq P. Bactericidal activity of black pepper, bay leaf, aniseed and coriander against oral isolates. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2006;19:214-8 pubmed
    ..bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.), aniseed (Pimpinella anisum L.), and coriander (Coriandum sativum L...
  48. Wellstein C. Seed-litter-position drives seedling establishment in grassland species under recurrent drought. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2012;14:1006-10 pubmed publisher
    ..I performed a controlled pot experiment on seedling emergence of three common European grassland species (Pimpinella saxifraga, Leontodon autumnalis, Sanguisorba officinalis) by experimental manipulations of litter and water ..
  49. Velasco Negueruela A, Pérez Alonso M, Pérez de Paz P, Paúl Palá J, Sanz J. Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain. J Chromatogr A. 2003;1011:241-4 pubmed
    The essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., growing in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain, was studied by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and 43 constituents were identified...
  50. Fitsiou E, Mitropoulou G, Spyridopoulou K, Tiptiri Kourpeti A, Vamvakias M, Bardouki H, et al. Phytochemical Profile and Evaluation of the Biological Activities of Essential Oils Derived from the Greek Aromatic Plant Species Ocimum basilicum, Mentha spicata, Pimpinella anisum and Fortunella margarita. Molecules. 2016;21: pubmed publisher
    ..preparations of essential oils of the Greek plants Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil), Mentha spicata (spearmint), Pimpinella anisum (anise) and Fortunella margarita (kumquat)...
  51. Durrani F, Sultan A, Ahmed S, Chand N, Khattak F, Durrani Z. Efficacy of aniseed extract as immune stimulant and growth promoter in broiler chicks. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:3718-21 pubmed
    ..Detail research work is needed to examine the effect of aniseed in ration and its different form of extracts on poultry production under different environmental conditions. ..
  52. Karimzadeh F, Hosseini M, Mangeng D, Alavi H, Hassanzadeh G, Bayat M, et al. Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of Pimpinella anisum in rat brain. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:76 pubmed publisher
    Essential oil of Pimpinella anisum L. Apiaceae (anise oil) has been widely used in traditional Persian medicine to treat a variety of diseases, including some neurological disorders...
  53. Fereidounfar S, Ghahremaninejad F, Khajehpiri M. Phylogeny of the Southwest Asian Pimpinella and related genera based on nuclear and plastid sequences. Genet Mol Res. 2016;15: pubmed publisher
    b>Pimpinella L. is a large genus and arguably one of the most complex genera in the family Apiaceae...