Summary: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The seed is used in SPICES.

Top Publications

  1. Aruna K, Rukkumani R, Varma P, Menon V. Therapeutic role of Cuminum cyminum on ethanol and thermally oxidized sunflower oil induced toxicity. Phytother Res. 2005;19:416-21 pubmed
    ..In the present communication, the effect of Cuminum cyminum was investigated on alcohol and thermally oxidized oil induced hyperlipidaemia...
  2. Heikes D, Scott B, Gorzovalitis N. Quantitation of volatile oils in ground cumin by supercritical fluid extraction and gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. J AOAC Int. 2001;84:1130-4 pubmed
    ..Results from this procedure compare favorably with those obtained by the official procedure (coefficient of correlation = 0.995, 24 samples). ..
  3. Bukhari S, Iqbal S, Bhanger M. Antioxidant potential of commercially available cumin (Cuminum cyminuml inn) in Pakistan. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2009;60:240-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings of this study suggest cumin to be a potent source of antioxidants. Results from the different parameters were in agreement with one another. ..
  4. Pai M, Prashant G, Murlikrishna K, Shivakumar K, Chandu G. Antifungal efficacy of Punica granatum, Acacia nilotica, Cuminum cyminum and Foeniculum vulgare on Candida albicans: an in vitro study. Indian J Dent Res. 2010;21:334-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, it is important for agents used in the treatment of oral diseases to have antifungal properties for effective therapy...
  5. Martinez Velazquez M, Castillo Herrera G, Rosario Cruz R, Flores Fernandez J, Lopez Ramirez J, Hernandez Gutierrez R, et al. Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;108:481-7 pubmed publisher
    Acaricidal activity of essential oils extracted from cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum), allspice berries (Pimenta dioica) and basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum) were tested on 10-day-old Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick larvae using the ..
  6. Derakhshan S, Sattari M, Bigdeli M. Effect of subinhibitory concentrations of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed essential oil and alcoholic extract on the morphology, capsule expression and urease activity of Klebsiella pneumoniae. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2008;32:432-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Cuminum cyminum L., commonly known as cumin, is a plant with a considerable reputation...
  7. Kedia A, Prakash B, Mishra P, Dubey N. Antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic properties of Cuminum cyminum (L.) seed essential oil and its efficacy as a preservative in stored commodities. Int J Food Microbiol. 2014;168-169:1-7 pubmed publisher
    The study reports potential of Cuminum cyminum (cumin) seed essential oil (EO) as a plant based shelf life enhancer against fungal and aflatoxin contamination and lipid peroxidation...
  8. Pandey S, Mishra A, Patel M, Jha B. An efficient method for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation and plant regeneration in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013;171:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Gene copy number was analysed by Southern blot analysis of hardened plants and single-copy gene integration was observed. This is the first successful attempt of Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of cumin. ..
  9. Iacobellis N, Lo Cantore P, Capasso F, Senatore F. Antibacterial activity of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum carvi L. essential oils. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:57-61 pubmed
    Essential oils extracted by hydrodistillation from fruits of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum carvi L. were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry (MS). The main components of C...

More Information


  1. Romagnoli C, Andreotti E, Maietti S, Mahendra R, Mares D. Antifungal activity of essential oil from fruits of Indian Cuminum cyminum. Pharm Biol. 2010;48:834-8 pubmed publisher
    The essential oil of fruits of Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae), from India, was analyzed by GC and GC-MS, and its antifungal activity was tested on dermatophytes and phytopathogens, fungi, yeasts and some new Aspergilli...
  2. El Ghorab A, Nauman M, Anjum F, Hussain S, Nadeem M. A comparative study on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:8231-7 pubmed publisher
    ..designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). The highest yield for volatile oil was obtained by the cumin sample, which was 2.52 +/- 0...
  3. Janahmadi M, Niazi F, Danyali S, Kamalinejad M. Effects of the fruit essential oil of Cuminum cyminum Linn. (Apiaceae) on pentylenetetrazol-induced epileptiform activity in F1 neurones of Helix aspersa. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;104:278-82 pubmed
    The effect of the fruit essential oil of Cuminum cyminum Linn. (Apiaceae) (syn. Cuminum odorum Salisb) on the epileptiform activity induced by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) was evaluated, using intracellular technique...
  4. Sharifzadeh A, Javan A, Shokri H, Abbaszadeh S, Keykhosravy K. Evaluation of antioxidant and antifungal properties of the traditional plants against foodborne fungal pathogens. J Mycol Med. 2016;26:e11-7 pubmed publisher
    ..aromatic herbs, including Thymus vulgaris, Chamaemelum nobile, Ziziphora clinopodioides, Zingiber officinale and Cuminum cyminum, against different Aspergillus and Penicillium species...
  5. BasmacioÄŸlu MalayoÄŸlu H, Ozdemir P, BaÄŸriyanik H. Influence of an organic acid blend and essential oil blend, individually or in combination, on growth performance, carcass parameters, apparent digestibility, intestinal microflora and intestinal morphology of broilers. Br Poult Sci. 2016;57:227-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the use of the combination of OA and EO was more effective, in some respects, than their individual use. ..
  6. Focke F, Haase I, Fischer M. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP): methods for plant species identification in food. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:2943-9 pubmed publisher
    ..An existing (real-time) PCR method (for the detection of spices) was used for comparison. It could be shown that the developed LAMP methods have potential as alternative strategies to PCR in DNA-based analysis. ..
  7. Zhai Y, Sun S, Wang Z, Zhang Y, Liu H, Sun Y, et al. Headspace single drop microextraction coupled with microwave extraction of essential oil from plant materials. J Sep Sci. 2011;34:1069-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Merr. et Perry and Cuminum cyminum L...
  8. Ebrahimie E, Hosseinzadeh A, Nagavi M, Ghannadha M, Mohammadie Dehcheshmeh M. Combined direct regeneration protocols in tissue culture of different cumin genotypes based on pre-existing meristems. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:1360-70 pubmed shoot organogenesis from embryo and direct shoot proliferation from node have been developed in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.)...
  9. Tripathi G, Kumari R, Sharma B. Mesofaunal biodiversity and its importance in Thar desert. J Environ Biol. 2007;28:503-15 pubmed
    ..The selected soil systems were Vigna radiata--Cuminum cyminum, grassland, flower garden and Zizyphus mauritiana...
  10. Hondrogiannis E, Peterson K, Zapf C, Roy W, Blackney B, Dailey K. The use of wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence and discriminant analysis in the identification of the elemental composition of cumin samples and the determination of the country of origin. Food Chem. 2012;135:2825-31 pubmed publisher
    ..50% accuracy. Successful discrimination with just eight elements will allow for higher throughput in the screening of cumin samples using WDXRF for origin verification in less time. ..
  11. Siow H, Lim T, Gan C. Development of a workflow for screening and identification of ?-amylase inhibitory peptides from food source using an integrated Bioinformatics-phage display approach: Case study - Cumin seed. Food Chem. 2017;214:67-76 pubmed publisher
    ..11 and 0.04?mol, respectively, whereas CSP6 was about 0.10 and 0.15?mol, respectively. Results showed that the strength of each protocol has been successfully combined as deemed fit to enhance the ?-amylase inhibitor peptide discovery. ..
  12. Ströfer M, Jelkmann W, Depping R. Curcumin decreases survival of Hep3B liver and MCF-7 breast cancer cells: the role of HIF. Strahlenther Onkol. 2011;187:393-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Effects of curcumin on cell growth and survival factor expression suggest its potential benefit in the treatment of cancer without a direct radiosensitizing influence of curcumin on these cells. ..
  13. Allahghadri T, Rasooli I, Owlia P, Nadooshan M, Ghazanfari T, Taghizadeh M, et al. Antimicrobial property, antioxidant capacity, and cytotoxicity of essential oil from cumin produced in Iran. J Food Sci. 2010;75:H54-61 pubmed publisher
    Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is one of the commonly used spices in food preparations. It is also used in traditional medicine as a stimulant, a carminative, and an astringent...
  14. Suganthi R, Rajamani S, Ravichandran M, Anuradha C. Effect of food seasoning spices mixture on biomarkers of oxidative stress in tissues of fructose-fed insulin-resistant rats. J Med Food. 2007;10:149-53 pubmed
    ..The positive effect of SM on the oxidant-antioxidant balance could be attributed to the active constituents of the different spices present in the mixture...
  15. Pandey S, Patel M, Mishra A, Jha B. Physio-Biochemical Composition and Untargeted Metabolomics of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Make It Promising Functional Food and Help in Mitigating Salinity Stress. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0144469 pubmed publisher
  16. Yan J, Tang K, Zhong M, Deng N. [Determination of chemical components of volatile oil from Cuminum cyminum L. by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry]. Se Pu. 2002;20:569-72 pubmed
    Volatile oil was extracted from Cuminum cyminum L. by using steam distillation. More than sixty peaks were separated and 49 compounds were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
  17. Nalini N, Manju V, Menon V. Effect of spices on lipid metabolism in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced rat colon carcinogenesis. J Med Food. 2006;9:237-45 pubmed
    ..We investigated the effect of red chilli (Capsicum annum L.), cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), and black pepper (Piper nigrum L...
  18. Bettaieb I, Knioua S, Hamrouni I, Limam F, Marzouk B. Water-deficit impact on fatty acid and essential oil composition and antioxidant activities of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) aerial parts. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:328-34 pubmed publisher
    ..the effect of water deficit on growth, fatty acid and essential oil composition, and antioxidant activities of Cuminum cyminum aerial part extracts...
  19. Lal U, Tripathi S, Jachak S, Bhutani K, Singh I. RP-HPLC analysis of Jirakadyarishta and chemical changes during fermentation. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1767-70 pubmed
    Jirakadyarishta, an Ayurvedic formulation prepared by the fermentation of a decoction of Cuminum cyminum (seeds) is traditionally used for intestinal disorders...
  20. Yakoob J, Abbas Z, Beg M, Naz S, Awan S, Hamid S, et al. In vitro sensitivity of Blastocystis hominis to garlic, ginger, white cumin, and black pepper used in diet. Parasitol Res. 2011;109:379-85 pubmed publisher
    ..01 mg/ml of MTZ. However, this sensitivity did not increase as garlic concentration was increased to 0.1 mg/ml, for B. hominis cell count was 6,000 compared to 1,428 as MTZ was increased to 0.1 mg/ml. ..
  21. Jalali Heravi M, Zekavat B, Sereshti H. Use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with resolution methods to characterize the essential oil components of Iranian cumin and caraway. J Chromatogr A. 2007;1143:215-26 pubmed
    ..64%) and in caraway are gamma-terpinene (24.40%), 2-methyl-3-phenyl-propanal (13.20%) and 2, 4(10)-thujadien (14.02%). In spite of different cultivation conditions, there are 28 components which are common between the two seeds. ..
  22. Jones A, Shukla M, Sherif S, Brown P, Saxena P. Growth regulating properties of isoprene and isoprenoid-based essential oils. Plant Cell Rep. 2016;35:91-102 pubmed publisher
  23. Deletre E, Chandre F, Barkman B, Menut C, Martin T. Naturally occurring bioactive compounds from four repellent essential oils against Bemisia tabaci whiteflies. Pest Manag Sci. 2016;72:179-89 pubmed publisher
    ..identified repellent essential oils: lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum) and citronella (Cymbopogon winternarius)...
  24. Rebey I, Zakhama N, Karoui I, Marzouk B. Polyphenol composition and antioxidant activity of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed extract under drought. J Food Sci. 2012;77:C734-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the effect of drought on total and individual polyphenol contents as well as the antioxidant activities of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds of 2 geographic origins, Tunisia (TCS) and India (ICS)...
  25. Sachin B, Sharma S, Sethi S, Tasduq S, Tikoo M, Tikoo A, et al. Herbal modulation of drug bioavailability: enhancement of rifampicin levels in plasma by herbal products and a flavonoid glycoside derived from Cuminum cyminum. Phytother Res. 2007;21:157-63 pubmed
    ..The pharmacokinetic interaction of some herbal products and a pure molecule isolated from Cuminum cyminum with RIF is shown in this paper...
  26. Patil S, Takalikar S, Joglekar M, Haldavnekar V, Arvindekar A. Insulinotropic and ?-cell protective action of cuminaldehyde, cuminol and an inhibitor isolated from Cuminum cyminum in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Br J Nutr. 2013;110:1434-43 pubmed publisher
    b>Cuminum cyminum, a commonly used spice, is known to have anti-diabetic action. The present study aims towards the isolation of bioactive components from C...
  27. Morikawa T, Xu F, Ninomiya K, Matsuda H, Yoshikawa M. Nigellamines A3, A4, A5, and C, new dolabellane-type diterpene alkaloids, with lipid metabolism-promoting activities from the Egyptian medicinal food black cumin. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2004;52:494-7 pubmed
    ..Nigellamines were found to lower triglyceride levels in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes, and in particular, the activity of nigellamine A(5) was equivalent to that of the hypolipidemic agent, clofibrate. ..
  28. Razmjoo J, Alinian S. Influence of magnetopriming on germination, growth, physiology, oil and essential contents of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). Electromagn Biol Med. 2017;36:325-329 pubmed publisher
    An environment friendly technique is desirable for enhancing of crop production. In this study, seeds of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L...
  29. Garber E, Parker C, Handy S, Cho C, Panda R, Samadpour M, et al. Presence of Undeclared Food Allergens in Cumin: The Need for Multiplex Methods. J Agric Food Chem. 2016;64:1202-11 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate the limitations of single analyte-specific assays and the need for orthogonal multiplex methods to detect food allergens irrespective of varietal or other differences. ..
  30. Nguyen T, Aparicio M, Saleh M. Accurate Mass GC/LC-Quadrupole Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Fatty Acids and Triacylglycerols of Spicy Fruits from the Apiaceae Family. Molecules. 2015;20:21421-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Fixed oils from the fruits of dill (Anethum graveolens), caraway (Carum carvi), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), coriander (Coriandrum sativum), anise (Pimpinella anisum), carrot (Daucus carota), celery (Apium ..
  31. Nostro A, Cellini L, Di Bartolomeo S, Di Campli E, Grande R, Cannatelli M, et al. Antibacterial effect of plant extracts against Helicobacter pylori. Phytother Res. 2005;19:198-202 pubmed
    ..In particular, ethanolic extracts of Cuminum cyminum L. and Propolis expressed MIC90 values of 0.075 mg/mL...
  32. Shayegh S, Rasooli I, Taghizadeh M, Astaneh S. Phytotherapeutic inhibition of supragingival dental plaque. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:428-39 pubmed publisher
    Antimicrobial activities and biofilm-formation preventive properties of Mentha piperita and Cuminum cyminum essential oils and chlorhexidine were assessed against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus pyogenes...
  33. Peighami Ashnaei S, Farzaneh M, Sharifi Tehrani A, Behboudi K. Effect of essential oils in control of plant diseases. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2009;74:843-7 pubmed
    In this study, antifungal activity of some essential oils, extracted from Syzygium aromoticum, Foeniculum vulgare, Cuminum cyminum and Mentha piperita were investigated against grey mould of apple. The essential oils of S...
  34. Wang Y, Sun Y, Han L, Zhang X, Feng J. Potential use of cuminic acid as a botanical fungicide against Valsa mali. Microb Pathog. 2017;106:9-15 pubmed publisher
    ..On this background the activity of cuminic acid, a plant extract from the seed of Cuminum cyminum L, was assessed...
  35. Gagandeep -, Dhanalakshmi S, Méndiz E, Rao A, Kale R. Chemopreventive effects of Cuminum cyminum in chemically induced forestomach and uterine cervix tumors in murine model systems. Nutr Cancer. 2003;47:171-80 pubmed
    ..LDH activity remained unaltered by both doses of cumin. The results strongly suggest the cancer chemopreventive potentials of cumin seed and could be attributed to its ability to modulate carcinogen metabolism. ..
  36. Wu Y, Liu C, Liu Y, Yan Y. [ITS sequence identification of Radix Bupleuri]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005;30:732-4 pubmed
    ..There were distinct variation sites between the ITS sequences of the five kinds of Radix Bupleuri. ITS sequence may be the evidence for the molecular authentication of Radix Bupleuri. ..
  37. Seddigi Z, Kandhro G, Shah F, Danish E, Soylak M. Assessment of metal contents in spices and herbs from Saudi Arabia. Toxicol Ind Health. 2016;32:260-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Consumers of these spices/herbs would not be exposed to any risk associated with the daily intake of 10 g of spices per day as far as metals Fe, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mn, Ni, and Pb are concerned...
  38. Srinivasan K. Plant foods in the management of diabetes mellitus: spices as beneficial antidiabetic food adjuncts. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2005;56:399-414 pubmed
    ..In a limited number of studies, cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum), ginger (Zingiber officinale), mustard (Brassica nigra), curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) and coriander (..
  39. Singh G, Kapoor I, Pandey S, Singh U, Singh R. Studies on essential oils: part 10; antibacterial activity of volatile oils of some spices. Phytother Res. 2002;16:680-2 pubmed
    ..essential oils extracted from the seeds of seven spices, Anethum graveolens, Carum capticum, Coriandrum sativum, Cuminum cyminum, Foeniculum vulgare, Pimpinella anisum and Seseli indicum have been studied for antibacterial activity ..
  40. Taghizadeh M, Ostad S, Asemi Z, Mahboubi M, Hejazi S, Sharafati Chaleshtori R, et al. Sub-chronic oral toxicity of Cuminum cyminum L.'s essential oil in female Wistar rats. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;88:138-143 pubmed publisher
    The current study was performed to evaluate the toxicity of Cuminum cyminum L. (C. cyminum)'s essential oil after 23 days and 45 days of repeated oral administration in female Wistar rats...
  41. Wang Z, Ding L, Li T, Zhou X, Wang L, Zhang H, et al. Improved solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from dried Cuminum cyminum L. and Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. J Chromatogr A. 2006;1102:11-7 pubmed
    ..hydrodistillation (MAHD) and conventional hydrodistillation (HD) for the extraction of essential oil from dried Cuminum cyminum L. and Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim...
  42. Azzubaidi M, Saxena A, Talib N, Ahmed Q, Dogarai B. Protective effect of treatment with black cumin oil on spatial cognitive functions of rats that suffered global cerebrovascular hypoperfusion. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2012;72:154-65 pubmed
    ..The fixed oil of Nigella sativa seeds has demonstrated noticeable spatial cognitive preservation in rats challenged with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion which indicates a promising prospective neuroprotective effect. ..
  43. Irkin R, Korukluoglu M. Growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria and some yeasts by selected essential oils and survival of L. monocytogenes and C. albicans in apple-carrot juice. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009;6:387-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Cumin, tea tree, and mint oils inhibited the yeasts actively. It is concluded that some essential oils could be used as potential biopreservatives capable of controlling foodborne pathogens and food spoilage yeasts. ..
  44. Chauhan P, Satti N, Suri K, Amina M, Bani S. Stimulatory effects of Cuminum cyminum and flavonoid glycoside on Cyclosporine-A and restraint stress induced immune-suppression in Swiss albino mice. Chem Biol Interact. 2010;185:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore to explore the health modulating effects of Cuminum cyminum and to identify the active compound, immunomodulatory properties were evaluated using flowcytometry and ..
  45. Kalaivani P, Saranya R, Ramakrishnan G, Ranju V, Sathiya S, Gayathri V, et al. Cuminum cyminum, a dietary spice, attenuates hypertension via endothelial nitric oxide synthase and NO pathway in renovascular hypertensive rats. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2013;35:534-42 pubmed publisher
    b>Cuminum cyminum (CC) is a commonly used spice in South Indian foods. It has been traditionally used for the treatment and management of sleep disorders, indigestion, and hypertension...
  46. Sowbhagya H. Chemistry, technology, and nutraceutical functions of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L): an overview. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2013;53:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Incorporation of cumin into food products will have the benefits of a flavorant and nutraceutical at the same time. In the present review, the chemistry, processing, and biological activities of cumin and its components are discussed. ..
  47. Sneha K, Sathishkumar M, Lee S, Bae M, Yun Y. Biosynthesis of Au nanoparticles using cumin seed powder extract. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2011;11:1811-4 pubmed
    ..The gold nanoparticles particles formed at higher pH were stable, uniform and spherical in shape. XPS analysis showed the presence of pure gold nanoparticles. ..
  48. Jayakumar S, Sathiskumar S, Baskaran N, Arumugam R, Vanitha V. Ethno-veterinary practices in Southern India for captive Asian elephant ailments. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;200:182-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Ferula assa-foetida, Zingiber officinale, Piper longum, P. nigrum, Cuminum cyminum, Trachyspermum roxburghianum and Carum bulbocastanum were the most commonly used plants either ..
  49. Zhai Y, Sun S, Wang Z, Cheng J, Sun Y, Wang L, et al. Microwave extraction of essential oils from dried fruits of Illicium verum Hook. f. and Cuminum cyminum L. using ionic liquid as the microwave absorption medium. J Sep Sci. 2009;32:3544-9 pubmed publisher
    ..f. and Cuminum cyminum L. by microwave-assisted extraction...
  50. Kode A, Rajagopalan R, Penumathsa S, Menon V. Effect of ethanol and thermally oxidized sunflower oil ingestion on phospholipid fatty acid composition of rat liver: protective role of Cuminum cyminum L. Ann Nutr Metab. 2005;49:300-3 pubmed
    ..and thermally oxidized sunflower oil ingestion on liver phospholipid fatty acids and the protective role of Cuminum cyminum L...
  51. Sariçoban C, Yilmaz M. Effect of thyme/cumin essential oils and butylated hydroxyl anisole/butylated hydroxyl toluene on physicochemical properties and oxidative/microbial stability of chicken patties. Poult Sci. 2014;93:456-63 pubmed publisher
  52. Bettaieb Rebey I, Bourgou S, Rahali F, Msaada K, Ksouri R, Marzouk B. Relation between salt tolerance and biochemical changes in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds. J Food Drug Anal. 2017;25:391-402 pubmed publisher
    In this study, the effects of salinity on growth, fatty acid, essential oil, and phenolic composition of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds as well as the antioxidant activities of their extracts were investigated...
  53. Gupta R, Saxena P, Gupta R, Kachhawa J. Evaluation of reversible contraceptive activities of Cuminum cyminum in male albino rats. Contraception. 2011;84:98-107 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contraceptive efficacy of Cuminum cyminum (jeera) seeds in male albino rats. C...