pinaceae

Summary

Summary: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta, known for the various conifers.

Top Publications

  1. Zeng Q, Lu H, Wang X. Molecular characterization of a glutathione transferase from Pinus tabulaeformis (Pinaceae). Biochimie. 2005;87:445-55 pubmed
    ..Based on comparative analyses of its amino acid sequence, phylogeny and predicted three-dimensional structure, the PtGSTU1 should be classified as a tau class GST...
  2. Wu C, Lin C, Hsu C, Wang R, Chaw S. Comparative chloroplast genomes of pinaceae: insights into the mechanism of diversified genomic organizations. Genome Biol Evol. 2011;3:309-19 pubmed publisher
    b>Pinaceae, the largest family of conifers, has diversified organizations of chloroplast genomes (cpDNAs) with the two typical inverted repeats (IRs) highly reduced...
  3. Lin C, Huang J, Wu C, Hsu C, Chaw S. Comparative chloroplast genomics reveals the evolution of Pinaceae genera and subfamilies. Genome Biol Evol. 2010;2:504-17 pubmed publisher
    As the largest and the basal-most family of conifers, Pinaceae provides key insights into the evolutionary history of conifers...
  4. Zhong B, Yonezawa T, Zhong Y, Hasegawa M. The position of gnetales among seed plants: overcoming pitfalls of chloroplast phylogenomics. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:2855-63 pubmed publisher
    ..the initial analysis strongly supported the sister relation of Gnetales with Cryptomeria (Cupressophyta or non-Pinaceae conifers) (the "Gnecup" hypothesis), the support seems to be caused by a long-branch attraction (LBA) ..
  5. Wolff R, Lavialle O, Pedrono F, Pasquier E, Destaillats F, Marpeau A, et al. Abietoid seed fatty acid compositions--a review of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Hesperopeuce, Keteleeria, Pseudolarix, and Tsuga and preliminary inferences on the taxonomy of Pinaceae. Lipids. 2002;37:17-26 pubmed
    ..Keteleeria, Pseudolarix, and Tsuga) are reviewed in the present study in conclusion to our survey of Pinaceae seed FA compositions. Many unpublished data are given...
  6. Hudgins J, Christiansen E, Franceschi V. Methyl jasmonate induces changes mimicking anatomical defenses in diverse members of the Pinaceae. Tree Physiol. 2003;23:361-71 pubmed
    ..Traumatic resin ducts were formed in response to wounding in three species of Pinaceae, but not in P. monticola, which formed irregular clusters of cells rather than ducts...
  7. Kan X, Wang S, Ding X, Wang X. Structural evolution of nrDNA ITS in Pinaceae and its phylogenetic implications. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;44:765-77 pubmed
    ..by slow concerted evolution and substantial ITS region length variation in gymnosperms, particularly in Pinaceae. Here we studied structure characteristics, including subrepeat composition, size, GC content and secondary ..
  8. Destaillats F, Wolff R, Angers P. Saturated and unsaturated anteiso-C19 acids in the seed lipids from Hesperopeuce mertensiana (Pinaceae). Lipids. 2002;37:325-8 pubmed
    Minor uncommon FA from Hesperopeuce mertensiana (a gymnosperm species of the Pinaceae family) seed oil were characterized through a combination of silver ion TLC of their FAME, and GLC coupled with MS of their picolinyl derivatives...
  9. Hajibabaei M, Xia J, Drouin G. Seed plant phylogeny: gnetophytes are derived conifers and a sister group to Pinaceae. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;40:208-17 pubmed publisher
    ..The evolution of several morphological and molecular characters of gnetophytes and conifers will therefore need to be reinterpreted...

More Information

Publications96

  1. Wang H, Ge S. Phylogeography of the endangered Cathaya argyrophylla (Pinaceae) inferred from sequence variation of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:4109-22 pubmed
    ..argyrophylla. Ex situ conservation and artificial crossing are recommended for the management of this endangered species...
  2. Pelgas B, Beauseigle S, Acheré V, Jeandroz S, Bousquet J, Isabel N. Comparative genome mapping among Picea glauca, P. mariana x P. rubens and P. abies, and correspondence with other Pinaceae. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;113:1371-93 pubmed
    ..Picea genomes validated and improved large-scale genome comparisons at the inter-generic level in the family Pinaceae by allowing for the identification of 11 homoeologous linkage groups between Picea and Pinus, and nine such ..
  3. Gugerli F, Sperisen C, Buchler U, Brunner I, Brodbeck S, Palmer J, et al. The evolutionary split of Pinaceae from other conifers: evidence from an intron loss and a multigene phylogeny. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2001;21:167-75 pubmed
    ..The intron was absent in all 22 species (22 genera, 8 families) of non-Pinaceae conifers studied, in Welwitschia mirabilis, and in seven angiosperms...
  4. Kolařík M, Jankowiak R. Vector affinity and diversity of Geosmithia fungi living on subcortical insects inhabiting Pinaceae species in central and northeastern Europe. Microb Ecol. 2013;66:682-700 pubmed publisher
    ..and vector affinity of Geosmithia isolated from subcortical insects that colonized trees from the family Pinaceae in Central and Northeastern Europe...
  5. Fang J, Chung J, Chiang Y, Chang C, Chen C, Hwang S. Divergent selection and local adaptation in disjunct populations of an endangered conifer, Keteleeria davidiana var. formosana (Pinaceae). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e70162 pubmed publisher
    ..Identification of ecologically associated outliers among environmentally disparate populations further support divergent selection and potential local adaptation. ..
  6. Tian S, Luo L, Ge S, Zhang Z. Clear genetic structure of Pinus kwangtungensis (Pinaceae) revealed by a plastid DNA fragment with a novel minisatellite. Ann Bot. 2008;102:69-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, the genetic diversity and structure are examined using paternally inherited plastid markers to shed light on its evolutionary history and to provide a genetic perspective for its conservation...
  7. Puizina J, Sviben T, Krajacić Sokol I, Zoldos Pećnik V, Siljak Yakovlev S, Papes D, et al. Cytogenetic and molecular characterization of the Abies alba genome and its relationship with other members of the Pinaceae. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2008;10:256-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The results were compared with results from other species of the Pinaceae, to evaluate phylogeny and chromosomal and molecular evolution in the Pinaceae...
  8. Nuñez M, Horton T, Simberloff D. Lack of belowground mutualisms hinders Pinaceae invasions. Ecology. 2009;90:2352-9 pubmed
    ..Here we report that lack of adequate ectomycorrhizal fungi hinders invasion by exotic Pinaceae on Isla Victoria, Argentina, by reducing both the probability of establishment and growth of invading individuals...
  9. Wolff R, Lavialle O, Pedrono F, Pasquier E, Deluc L, Marpeau A, et al. Fatty acid composition of Pinaceae as taxonomic markers. Lipids. 2001;36:439-51 pubmed
    ..sibirica seeds, which appears to be the highest value found in Pinaceae seed FA...
  10. Wu C, Wang Y, Hsu C, Lin C, Chaw S. Loss of different inverted repeat copies from the chloroplast genomes of Pinaceae and cupressophytes and influence of heterotachy on the evaluation of gymnosperm phylogeny. Genome Biol Evol. 2011;3:1284-95 pubmed publisher
    The relationships among the extant five gymnosperm groups--gnetophytes, Pinaceae, non-Pinaceae conifers (cupressophytes), Ginkgo, and cycads--remain equivocal...
  11. Krutovsky K, Troggio M, Brown G, Jermstad K, Neale D. Comparative mapping in the Pinaceae. Genetics. 2004;168:447-61 pubmed
    A comparative genetic map was constructed between two important genera of the family Pinaceae. Ten homologous linkage groups in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirb...
  12. Xu T, Li C, Yang Z. A concise approach for the total synthesis of pseudolaric acid A. Org Lett. 2011;13:2630-3 pubmed publisher
  13. Wen Z, Shi L, Tang Y, Hong L, Xue J, Xing J, et al. Soil spore bank communities of ectomycorrhizal fungi in endangered Chinese Douglas-fir forests. Mycorrhiza. 2018;28:49-58 pubmed publisher
    Chinese Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga sinensis) is an endangered Pinaceae species found in several isolated regions of China...
  14. Hrivnák M, Paule L, Krajmerová D, Kulaç Ş, Sevik H, Turna I, et al. Genetic variation in Tertiary relics: The case of eastern-Mediterranean Abies (Pinaceae). Ecol Evol. 2017;7:10018-10030 pubmed publisher
  15. Shinano T, Osaki M, Kato M. Differences in nitrogen economy of temperate trees. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:617-24 pubmed
    ..Neither A nor R was measured in the Group III species. A linear relationship was observed between leaf nitrogen concentration and A in Group II, but this relationship was not evident in Group I...
  16. He J, Chen J, Zhao Q, Qi H. [Study on fast screening antifungus activity of endophytes from Pseudolarix kaempferi]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2006;31:1759-63 pubmed
    ..They all showed activity against Trichophyton rubrum, Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans. Endophytes from P. kaempferi are a potential resource for the development of antifungal agent. ..
  17. Chen G, Li Z, Pan D, Jiang S, Zhu D. A novel eleven-membered-ring triterpene dilactone, pseudolarolide F and A related compound, pseudolarolide E, from Pseudolarix kaempferi. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2001;3:321-33 pubmed
    ..Their structures and stereochemistry were established by spectroscopic studies, which included UV, IR, HREIMS, 2D NMR correlation methods (1H-1H COSY, 13C-H COSY, NOESY, HMQC, and HMBC), and single-crystal X-ray analysis. ..
  18. Liu P, Sun J, Xu M, Guo H, Guo H, Kang J, et al. Characterization of diterpenoids in the bark of Pseudolarix kaempferi by HPLC-ESI/MSn. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2011;46:213-20 pubmed
    ..A total of 9 diterpenoids were identified or tentatively characterized, and one of them is reported here for the first time. The described method could be utilized for the sensitive and rapid qualitative analysis of P. kaempferi. ..
  19. Demko V, Pavlovic A, Valkova D, Slováková L, Grimm B, Hudák J. A novel insight into the regulation of light-independent chlorophyll biosynthesis in Larix decidua and Picea abies seedlings. Planta. 2009;230:165-76 pubmed publisher
  20. Merriam K, Keeley J, Beyers J. Fuel breaks affect nonnative species abundance in Californian plant communities. Ecol Appl. 2006;16:515-27 pubmed
    ..Fuel break construction and maintenance methods that leave some overstory canopy and minimize exposure of bare ground may be less likely to promote nonnative plants. ..
  21. Vaario L, Xing S, Xie Z, Lun Z, Sun X, Li Y. In situ and in vitro colonization of Cathaya argyrophylla (Pinaceae) by ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza. 2006;16:137-142 pubmed publisher
    ..A simple, rapid, and convenient mycorrhiza synthesis system was developed, which facilitates further studies on ectomycorrhizal development of C. argyrophylla. ..
  22. Bonaduce I, Colombini M. Characterisation of beeswax in works of art by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry procedures. J Chromatogr A. 2004;1028:297-306 pubmed
    ..sculpture "The Plague" (1691-1694) by Gaetano Zumbo, resulting in the identification of beeswax and a Pinaceae resin...
  23. Liu P, Guo H, Guo H, Sheng Y, Wang W, Xu M, et al. Simultaneous determination of seven major diterpenoids in Pseudolarix kaempferi by high-performance liquid chromatography DAD method. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2007;44:730-6 pubmed
    ..The results revealed that the commercial crude drugs were seriously confused and the developed HPLC assay could be used as a suitable qualitative and quantitative determination method for P. kaempferi. ..
  24. Jaramillo Correa J, Aguirre Planter E, Eguiarte L, Khasa D, Bousquet J. Evolution of an ancient microsatellite hotspot in the conifer mitochondrial genome and comparison with other plants. J Mol Evol. 2013;76:146-57 pubmed publisher
    ..the variation of a STR-rich mitochondrial intron (nad5-4) with eleven mtDNA genes devoid of STRs within Abies (Pinaceae) and its related genera...
  25. Zimmermann B. Chemical characterization and identification of Pinaceae pollen by infrared microspectroscopy. Planta. 2018;247:171-180 pubmed publisher
    ..Infrared microspectroscopy (µFTIR) of Pinaceae pollen can provide valuable information on plant phenology, ecophysiology and paleoecology, but measurements are ..
  26. Rothwell G, Mapes G, Stockey R, Hilton J. The seed cone Eathiestrobus gen. nov.: fossil evidence for a Jurassic origin of Pinaceae. Am J Bot. 2012;99:708-20 pubmed publisher
    b>Pinaceae and nonpinoid species are sister groups within the conifer clade as inferred from molecular systematic comparisons of living species and therefore should have comparable geological ages...
  27. Auger Rozenberg M, Roques A. Seed wasp invasions promoted by unregulated seed trade affect vegetal and animal biodiversity. Integr Zool. 2012;7:228-246 pubmed publisher
    ..Different biological traits that might explain invasive success of alien chalcids are discussed. However, no general invasive patterns seem to exist...
  28. Gao J, Lan T. Functional characterization of the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein gene family from Pinus tabuliformis (Pinaceae) in Escherichia coli. Sci Rep. 2016;6:19467 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, among these enhanced tolerance genes, a certain extent of function divergence appeared within a gene group as well as between gene groups, suggesting potential functional diversity of this gene family in conifers. ..
  29. Ye X, Tang M, Chen L, Peng A, Ma L, Ye H. Rapid separation and identification of major constituents in Pseudolarix kaempferi by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray and quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009;23:3954-62 pubmed publisher
  30. McCulloch A. Trichloroacetic acid in the environment. Chemosphere. 2002;47:667-86 pubmed
    ..At concentrations in the needles of Scots pine similar to those observed in needles in forest trees, changes consequent on TCA treatment of field laboratory specimens were almost all insignificant. ..
  31. Deslauriers A, Anfodillo T, Rossi S, Carraro V. Using simple causal modeling to understand how water and temperature affect daily stem radial variation in trees. Tree Physiol. 2007;27:1125-36 pubmed
    ..Precipitation had two main effects: a direct effect on DeltaR and an indirect effect mediated through an effect on h. A reduction in sap flow at night led to an increase in DeltaR for P. abies and L. decidua, but not for P. cembra. ..
  32. Celiński K, Kijak H, Wojnicka Połtorak A, Buczkowska Chmielewska K, Sokołowska J, Chudzińska E. Effectiveness of the DNA barcoding approach for closely related conifers discrimination: A case study of the Pinus mugo complex. C R Biol. 2017;340:339-348 pubmed publisher
    ..pines from Pinus mugo complex and 14 more distant conifers representing two genera and four sections of the Pinaceae family...
  33. Parfitt D, Martyn Ainsworth A, Simpson D, Rogers H, Boddy L. Molecular and morphological discrimination of stipitate hydnoids in the genera Hydnellum and Phellodon. Mycol Res. 2007;111:761-77 pubmed
    ..ectomycorrhizal partners of a range of woody angiosperms and gymnosperms particularly within Fagaceae and Pinaceae, appear to be declining in continental Europe...
  34. Leslie A, Glasspool I, Herendeen P, Ichinnorov N, Knopf P, Takahashi M, et al. Pinaceae-like reproductive morphology in Schizolepidopsis canicularis sp. nov. from the Early Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian) of Mongolia. Am J Bot. 2013;100:2426-36 pubmed publisher
    ..They have been linked to the conifer family Pinaceae based on associated vegetative remains, but their exact affinities are uncertain...
  35. Nuñez M, Hayward J, Horton T, Amico G, Dimarco R, Barrios Garcia M, et al. Exotic mammals disperse exotic fungi that promote invasion by exotic trees. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66832 pubmed publisher
    ..with local species may be especially important for exotic species that require an obligatory mutualist, such as Pinaceae species that need ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi...
  36. Havill N, Foottit R, von Dohlen C. Evolution of host specialization in the Adelgidae (Insecta: Hemiptera) inferred from molecular phylogenetics. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;44:357-70 pubmed
    ..with host alternating, multiple-generation complex life cycles and are restricted to certain host genera in the Pinaceae. Species that host alternate always have Picea as the primary host where sexual reproduction and gall formation ..
  37. Uguz U, Guvensen A, Tort N. Annual and intradiurnal variation of dominant airborne pollen and the effects of meteorological factors in Çe?me (Izmir, Turkey). Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:530 pubmed publisher
    ..07%), Olea europaea (1614 pollen grains, 12.51%), Pinaceae (1085 pollen grains, 8.41%), Quercus spp. (1081 pollen grains, 8.38%), Pistacia spp. (743 pollen grains, 5...
  38. Nevzorova Y, Grossmann J, Trautwein C. Anti-tumorigenic and anti-angiogenic effects of natural conifer Abies sibirica terpenoids in vivo and in vitro. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;89:386-395 pubmed publisher
    ..a novel natural pharmacological terpenoid compound extracted and purified from coniferous Pinaceae trees...
  39. Pavy N, Lamothe M, Pelgas B, Gagnon F, Birol I, Bohlmann J, et al. A high-resolution reference genetic map positioning 8.8 K genes for the conifer white spruce: structural genomics implications and correspondence with physical distance. Plant J. 2017;90:189-203 pubmed publisher
    ..decade, extensive genetic and genomic resources have been developed for the conifer white spruce (Picea glauca, Pinaceae), which has one of the largest plant genomes (20 Gbp)...
  40. Yamada M, Yamada T. Relicts of the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum may contribute to the floristic diversity of Japan: a case study of Pinus mikii (Pinaceae) and its extant relatives. J Plant Res. 2018;131:239-244 pubmed publisher
    ..thunbergii arose from a population that adapted to the cooler climate. This study provides a new perspective on the contribution of MMCO relicts to the floristic diversity of Japan. ..
  41. Hosseinzadeh H, Khooei A, Khashayarmanesh Z, Motamed Shariaty V. Antiurolithiatic activity of Pinus eldarica medw: fruits aqueous extract in rats. Urol J. 2010;7:232-7 pubmed
    ..Stone formation did not decrease in the treatment group. This study indicates that P. eldarica fruit extract prevents calcium oxalate deposition, without producing diuresis. ..
  42. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Benelli G. Chemical composition, toxicity and non-target effects of Pinus kesiya essential oil: An eco-friendly and novel larvicide against malaria, dengue and lymphatic filariasis mosquito vectors. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;129:85-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this research adds basic knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides from Pinaceae plants against malaria, dengue and filariasis mosquito vectors.
  43. Johnson D, Woodruff D, McCulloh K, Meinzer F. Leaf hydraulic conductance, measured in situ, declines and recovers daily: leaf hydraulics, water potential and stomatal conductance in four temperate and three tropical tree species. Tree Physiol. 2009;29:879-87 pubmed publisher
  44. Solano J, Anabalón L, Encina F. Identification case of evidence in timber tracing of Pinus radiate, using high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2016;21:e6-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Genotyping samples by HRM analysis with the trnL1 approach allowed us to differentiate two wood samples from the Pinaceae family: Pinus radiata (Don) and Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco...
  45. Nardi S, Sessi E, Pizzeghello D, Sturaro A, Rella R, Parvoli G. Biological activity of soil organic matter mobilized by root exudates. Chemosphere. 2002;46:1075-81 pubmed
    ..The different biological activities of the extracts are discussed. ..
  46. Rinne K, Saurer M, Streit K, Siegwolf R. Evaluation of a liquid chromatography method for compound-specific ?13C analysis of plant carbohydrates in alkaline media. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2012;26:2173-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we tested in detail a chromatography method in alkaline media...
  47. Li M, Miao Z, Tan W, Yue J, Zhang C, Lin L, et al. Pseudolaric acid B inhibits angiogenesis and reduces hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha by promoting proteasome-mediated degradation. Clin Cancer Res. 2004;10:8266-74 pubmed
    ..B (PAB), the naturally occurring diterpenoid isolated from the root bark of Pseudolarix kaempferi Gordon tree (Pinaceae), possesses potent antifungal and pregnancy-terminating effects that may be tightly associated with angiogenesis...
  48. Stott T, Leeks G, Marks S, Sawyer A. Environmentally sensitive plot-scale timber harvesting: impacts on suspended sediment, bedload and bank erosion dynamics. J Environ Manage. 2001;63:3-25 pubmed
    ..Forest management implications of these findings are discussed in detail with respect to the existing Forest and Water guidelines...
  49. Chouda M, Jankowski W. The occurrence of polyprenols in seeds and leaves of woody plants. Acta Biochim Pol. 2005;52:243-53 pubmed
    ..In gymnosperms (10 representatives of Cupressaceae, Pinaceae and Taxaceae) the polyprenol spectra in seeds and in needles were similar...
  50. Hirasawa Y, Ori K, Yamada T, Ohtsu S, Matsui Y, Miwa Y, et al. [Anti-allergic action effect of Pseudolarix amabilis Rehd. extract and its efficacy on atopic dermatitis]. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2004;124:271-83 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, it is suggested that Pseudolarix amabilis Rehd. extract will serve as a medicinal drug which effectively moistens the skin and prevents and heals dermatitis...
  51. Spoor D, Martineau L, Leduc C, Benhaddou Andaloussi A, Meddah B, Harris C, et al. Selected plant species from the Cree pharmacopoeia of northern Quebec possess anti-diabetic potential. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006;84:847-58 pubmed
    ..None of the plant extracts enhanced GSIS or insulin content in INS 832/13 beta cells. It is concluded that the Cree pharmacopoeia contains several plants with significant anti-diabetic potential...
  52. Mayr S, Hacke U, Schmid P, Schwienbacher F, Gruber A. Frost drought in conifers at the alpine timberline: xylem dysfunction and adaptations. Ecology. 2006;87:3175-85 pubmed
    ..Although frost drought had a large effect on plant water transport, adaptations in hydraulic safety and related anatomical parameters were observed in only a few of the conifer species studied...
  53. Liu P, Guo H, Wang W, Zhang J, Li N, Han J, et al. Cytotoxic diterpenoids from the bark of Pseudolarix kaempferi and their structure-activity relationships. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:533-7 pubmed
    ..Their structures were determined on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic analyses. In addition, their in vitro cytotoxic activities against three human cancer cell lines and their structure-activity relationships were evaluated...
  54. Murata H, Ota Y, Yamaguchi M, Yamada A, Katahata S, Otsuka Y, et al. Mobile DNA distributions refine the phylogeny of "matsutake" mushrooms, Tricholoma sect. Caligata. Mycorrhiza. 2013;23:447-61 pubmed publisher
    ..evolution between the first group, mostly composed of Fagaceae symbionts, and the second group, comprised only of Pinaceae symbionts, but diverged little within each groups...
  55. Lundström T, Jonas T, Stöckli V, Ammann W. Anchorage of mature conifers: resistive turning moment, root-soil plate geometry and root growth orientation. Tree Physiol. 2007;27:1217-27 pubmed
    ..The lack of difference in anchorage parameters among species probably reflects the similar belowground growth conditions of the mature trees...
  56. Vostral C, Boyce R, Friedland A. Winter water relations of New England conifers and factors influencing their upper elevational limits. I. Measurements. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:793-800 pubmed
    ..Eastern hemlock is able to reproduce in deep shade on organic substrates, but germination at high elevations may be restricted by low temperatures...
  57. Meinzer F, Woodruff D, Eissenstat D, Lin H, Adams T, McCulloh K. Above- and belowground controls on water use by trees of different wood types in an eastern US deciduous forest. Tree Physiol. 2013;33:345-56 pubmed publisher
  58. Cazares E, Trappe J, Jumpponen A. Mycorrhiza-plant colonization patterns on a subalpine glacier forefront as a model system of primary succession. Mycorrhiza. 2005;15:405-16 pubmed
    ..ERM were present in all species of Ericaceae sampled, and EM in all species of Pinaceae and Salicaceae...
  59. Abreu I, Ribeiro H. Allergenic pollen in the city of Porto (Portugal). Allergy. 2005;60:1452-3 pubmed
  60. Lambert J, Kozminski M, Fahlstrom C, Santiago Blay J. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance characterization of resins from the family pinaceae. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:188-95 pubmed
    ..for solutions of resinous materials harvested from 82 species in seven genera of the gymnospermous plant family Pinaceae. Data were recorded in both one and two (COSY) dimensions...
  61. Rossi S, Deslauriers A, Anfodillo T, Carrer M. Age-dependent xylogenesis in timberline conifers. New Phytol. 2008;177:199-208 pubmed
    ..Variations in the period of xylem growth may be the cause of age-dependent responses to climate. The observed shorter xylogenesis in older plants at the Alpine timberline could be related to a size effect and not just to age per se...
  62. Jung M, Choi J, Chung H, Jung J, Choi J. A new C-methylated flavonoid glycoside from Pinus densiflora. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:943-5 pubmed
    ..A new C-methyl flavonol glycoside, 5,7,8,4'-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methylflavone 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), has been isolated from the needles of Pinus densiflora, together with kaempferol 3-O-beta-(6"-acetyl)-galactopyranoside...
  63. Ma G, Chong L, Li X, Khan I, Walker L, Khan S. Selective inhibition of human leukemia cell growth and induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by pseudolaric acid B. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2010;136:1333-40 pubmed publisher
  64. Hall G, Tittiger C, Andrews G, Mastick G, Kuenzli M, Luo X, et al. Midgut tissue of male pine engraver, Ips pini, synthesizes monoterpenoid pheromone component ipsdienol de novo. Naturwissenschaften. 2002;89:79-83 pubmed
    ..The induction of a metazoan HMG-R in this process does not support the postulated role of microorganisms in ipsdienol production...
  65. Guo S, Chen J, Wang Y, Cheng X, Qi H. [Experimental research on molluscicidal effect of endophyte JJ18 from Pseudolarix amabilis]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008;33:389-92 pubmed
    ..To research molluscicidal effect activity, active components and stable passage of endophyte JJ18 from Pseudolarix amabilis and examine the possibility for practical application...
  66. Tumen I, Akkol E, Süntar I, Keles H. Wound repair and anti-inflammatory potential of essential oils from cones of Pinaceae: preclinical experimental research in animal models. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..bornmulleriana, Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani, and Abies nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana), Cedrus libani and Picea orientalis were assessed for their in vivo wound healing and anti-inflammatory activities...
  67. Krywult M, Turunen M, Sutinen M, Derome K, Norokorpi Y. Nitrate reductase activity in some subarctic species and UV influence in the foliage of Betula pendula Roth. seedlings. Sci Total Environ. 2002;284:149-55 pubmed
    ..61 to 1.35% per seedling. The present study suggests large differences in NR activity between the species and the induction of NR activity in silver birch seedlings due to ambient UV radiation...
  68. Meng A, Jiang L. Pseudolaric acid B-induced apoptosis through p53-dependent pathway in human gastric carcinoma cells. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2009;11:142-52 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, 1 induced apoptosis through p53-dependent pathway in human gastric carcinoma cells. These findings suggest that 1 may be a novel promising agent for treating human gastric carcinoma...
  69. Wainhouse D, Staley J, Johnston J, Boswell R. The effect of environmentally induced changes in the bark of young conifers on feeding behaviour and reproductive development of adult Hylobius abietis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2005;95:151-9 pubmed
    ..The effect on weevils of superficial feeding on stems is to increase the time for reproductive maturation by reducing consumption of the inner bark which has a higher nitrogen content...
  70. Wang J, Guo M, Xing L, Che K, Liu X, Wang C. BIMLR: a method for constructing rooted phylogenetic networks from rooted phylogenetic trees. Gene. 2013;527:344-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that BIMLR is faster than CASS and less dependent on the input data order. Moreover, BIMLR is able to construct much simpler networks than almost all other methods. BIMLR is available at http://nclab.hit.edu.cn/wangjuan/BIMLR/. ..
  71. Wang Z, Wu G, Wang J. [Application of competition index in assessing intraspecific and interspecific spatial relations between manchurian ash and dahurian larch]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2000;11:641-5 pubmed
    ..DL grew well, and could reduce the impact of intraspecific competition for MA when both species mixed in a stand...
  72. Forczek S, Uhlirova H, Gryndler M, Albrechtova J, Fuksova K, Vagner M, et al. Trichloroacetic acid in Norway spruce/soil-system. II. Distribution and degradation in the plant. Chemosphere. 2004;56:327-33 pubmed
    ..As in soil, TCA seems to be degraded microbially, presumably by phyllosphere microorganisms in spruce needles. Indication of TCA biodegradation in trees is shown using both antibiotics and axenic plants...
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    ..The binding model of PAB revealed common pharmacophoric features between PAB and colchicinoids, not readily apparent from their chemical structures...
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    ..Their structures were determined by analysis of HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data, chemical analysis and comparison to the literature data...
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    ..A further mechanism study indicated that the apoptosis was associated with the cell cycle arrest during the G2/M phase, and the activation of caspase-9, -3, -7, and poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP). ..
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    ..The authors investigated the atmospheric tree pollen dispersion in Ito City, Shizuoka Prefecture for 12 years for the purpose of the prophylaxis and treatment of pollinosis...
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    ..Comparison with reconstructions from the Alps and Central Europe supports the general rule of the dominant influence of growing season temperature on high-elevation forest growth...
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    ..matsutake. In general, worldwide T. matsutake and the symbionts of Pinaceae colonize the rhizospheres of P. densiflora as well as T. matsutake isolated from the host plant. However, T...
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    ..Results indicated that the new compounds 3, 7, and some known compounds showed antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities...
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    ..3% (PAA) and from 0 to 35.7% (PAB), and another compound, tetrandrine (TET) from the root of Stephania tetrandrae S. Moore, showed higher binding activity with multidrug resistant MCF-7 cells ranging from 0 to 39.9%...
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    ..A life history approach that takes into account the optimization of size- and species-specific ecological functions may also help researchers better understand biomass allocation and hydraulic function in trees...
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    ..Their structures were elucidated mainly by spectroscopic methods...
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    In this study, the yields and composition of essential oils obtained from the cones of Pinaceae family species natively grown in Turkey were investigated. Essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation. Oil yields were 0.13-0...
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    ..coarse wood should always be left during harvesting. This study also demonstrates the importance of molecular identification and ITS sequence databases for exploring fungal diversity in natural communities...
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    ..If warming in Inner Asia continues, further increases in forest stress and tree mortality could be expected, potentially driving the eventual regional loss of current semi-arid forests. ..
  87. He W, Fu Z, Zeng G, Zhang Y, Han H, Yan H, et al. Terpene and lignan glycosides from the twigs and leaves of an endangered conifer, Cathaya argyrophylla. Phytochemistry. 2012;83:63-9 pubmed publisher
    ..albicans, and four of them displayed cytotoxicity. Similarity analysis on the chemical constituents of the genera Cathaya, Picea and Pinus supported their close phylogenetic relationships...