juniperus

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.

Top Publications

  1. Kim S, Jung J, Kim H, Park T. Anti-obesity effects of Juniperus chinensis extract are associated with increased AMP-activated protein kinase expression and phosphorylation in the visceral adipose tissue of rats. Biol Pharm Bull. 2008;31:1415-21 pubmed
    This study evaluates the protective effect of Juniperus chinensis hot water extract (JCE) against high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity and its molecular mechanisms in the visceral adipose tissue of rats...
  2. Carroll J, Tabanca N, Kramer M, Elejalde N, Wedge D, Bernier U, et al. Essential oils of Cupressus funebris, Juniperus communis, and J. chinensis (Cupressaceae) as repellents against ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and as toxicants against mosquitoes. J Vector Ecol. 2011;36:258-68 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus communis leaf oil, J. chinensis wood oil, and Cupressus funebris wood oil (Cupressaceae) from China were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. We identified 104 compounds, representing 66.8-95...
  3. Mao K, Hao G, Liu J, Adams R, Milne R. Diversification and biogeography of Juniperus (Cupressaceae): variable diversification rates and multiple intercontinental dispersals. New Phytol. 2010;188:254-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we examine the biogeography and diversification history of Juniperus, which occurs in semi-arid habitats through much of the Northern Hemisphere...
  4. Jeong E, Seo H, Yang H, Kim J, Sung S, Kim Y. Anti-inflammatory phenolics isolated from Juniperus rigida leaves and twigs in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2012;27:875-9 pubmed publisher
    ..effort searching for anti-inflammatory compounds from medicinal plants deduced that the methanolic extract of Juniperus rigida S. et L...
  5. Ozkan K, Gulsoy S, Aerts R, Muys B. Site properties for Crimean juniper (Juniperus excelsa) in semi-natural forests of south western Anatolia, Turkey. J Environ Biol. 2010;31:97-100 pubmed
    ..Anatolia along a gradient between Mediterranean and continental climates to determine the site requirements of Juniperus excelsa in Turkey...
  6. Zhang Q, Chiang T, George M, Liu J, Abbott R. Phylogeography of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau endemic Juniperus przewalskii (Cupressaceae) inferred from chloroplast DNA sequence variation. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:3513-24 pubmed
    ..species of the forests in this region, we examined chloroplast trnT-trnF and trnS-trnG sequence variation within Juniperus przewalskii, a key endemic tree species...
  7. El Ghorab A, Shaaban H, El Massry K, Shibamoto T. Chemical composition of volatile extract and biological activities of volatile and less-volatile extracts of juniper berry (Juniperus drupacea L.) fruit. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:5021-5 pubmed publisher
    Volatile chemicals in a dichloromethane extract from a steam distillate of juniper berry fruit (Juniperus drupacea L...
  8. Czerwinski E, Midoro Horiuti T, White M, Brooks E, Goldblum R. Crystal structure of Jun a 1, the major cedar pollen allergen from Juniperus ashei, reveals a parallel beta-helical core. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:3740-6 pubmed
    ..We report the first crystal structure of a cedar allergen, Jun a 1, from the pollen of the mountain cedar Juniperus ashei (Cupressaceae)...
  9. Samoylenko V, Dunbar D, Gafur M, Khan S, Ross S, Mossa J, et al. Antiparasitic, nematicidal and antifouling constituents from Juniperus berries. Phytother Res. 2008;22:1570-6 pubmed publisher
    A bioassay-guided fractionation of Juniperus procera berries yielded antiparasitic, nematicidal and antifouling constituents, including a wide range of known abietane, pimarane and labdane diterpenes...

More Information

Publications78

  1. Gao R, Gao C, Tian X, Yu X, Di X, Xiao H, et al. Insecticidal activity of deoxypodophyllotoxin, isolated from Juniperus sabina L, and related lignans against larvae of Pieris rapae L. Pest Manag Sci. 2004;60:1131-6 pubmed
    ..naturally occurring insecticides from plants from the northwestern part of China, a petroleum ether extract of Juniperus sabina L was found to show insecticidal activity against fifth-instar larvae of Pieris rapae L...
  2. Montesinos D, De Luis M, Verdu M, Raventos J, García Fayos P. When, how and how much: Gender-specific resource-use strategies in the dioecious tree Juniperus thurifera. Ann Bot. 2006;98:885-9 pubmed
    ..This allows the study of gender-specific vegetative allocation strategies in dioecious tree species thoughout their life stages...
  3. Haley S, Lamb J, Franklin M, Constance J, Denise Dearing M. Xenobiotic metabolism of plant secondary compounds in juniper (Juniperus monosperma) by specialist and generalist woodrat herbivores, genus Neotoma. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2007;146:552-60 pubmed
    ..We took a pharmacological approach to determine how a specialist (Neotoma stephensi) of juniper foliage (Juniperus monosperma) and a generalist (N. albigula) may process the same dietary PSC...
  4. Nakanishi T, Iida N, Inatomi Y, Murata H, Inada A, Murata J, et al. A monoterpene glucoside and three megastigmane glycosides from Juniperus communis var. depressa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2005;53:783-7 pubmed
    ..glycosides (2-4) were isolated along with a known megastigmane glucoside (5) from twigs with leaves of Juniperus communis var. depressa (Cupressaceae) collected in Oregon, U.S.A...
  5. Mossa J, El Feraly F, Muhammad I. Antimycobacterial constituents from Juniperus procera, Ferula communis and Plumbago zeylanica and their in vitro synergistic activity with isonicotinic acid hydrazide. Phytother Res. 2004;18:934-7 pubmed
    ..When tested against the resistant strain of M. tuberculosis H37Rv, plumbagin and 7beta-hydroxyabieta-8,13-dien-11,12-dione exhibited inhibitory activity at <12.5 microg/mL, while others were inactive at this concentration...
  6. Montesinos D, Villar Salvador P, García Fayos P, Verdu M. Genders in Juniperus thurifera have different functional responses to variations in nutrient availability. New Phytol. 2012;193:705-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We experimentally fertirrigated a set of male and female Juniperus thurifera trees monthly for 2 yr...
  7. Escribano Avila G, Sanz Pérez V, Pías B, Virgós E, Escudero A, Valladares F. Colonization of abandoned land by Juniperus thurifera is mediated by the interaction of a diverse dispersal assemblage and environmental heterogeneity. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e46993 pubmed publisher
    ..in both, landscape patches in which the process of colonization is acting nowadays and mature woodlands of Juniperus thurifera, a relict tree distributed in the western Mediterranean Basin...
  8. Karaman I, Sahin F, Gulluce M, Ogütçü H, Sengul M, Adiguzel A. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;85:231-5 pubmed
    Aqueous and methanol extracts of the leaves of Juniperus oxycedrus were investigated for their in vitro antimicrobial properties. The plant was collected from Pelitli Village of Gebze, Kocaeli, in the Marmara region of Turkey...
  9. Zheljazkov V, Astatkie T, Jeliazkova E, Schlegel V. Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees. J Oleo Sci. 2012;61:537-46 pubmed
    ..scopulorum by varying DT. This study can be used as a reference paper for comparing results of reports where different lengths of the DT were used...
  10. Van de Water P, Keever T, Main C, Levetin E. An assessment of predictive forecasting of Juniperus ashei pollen movement in the Southern Great Plains, USA. Int J Biometeorol. 2003;48:74-82 pubmed
    b>Juniperus ashei pollen, a significant aeroallergen, has been recorded during December and January in Tulsa, Oklahoma, over the past 20 years...
  11. Young G, Bush J. Assessment of the allelopathic potential of Juniperus ashei on germination and growth of Bouteloua curtipendula. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:74-80 pubmed publisher
    Potential allelopathic compounds of Juniperus ashei Buchh. (Ashe juniper) and their effect on a native grass were determined in laboratory and field studies...
  12. Rumeu B, Caujapé Castells J, Blanco Pastor J, Jaén Molina R, Nogales M, Elias R, et al. The colonization history of Juniperus brevifolia (Cupressaceae) in the Azores Islands. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27697 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we analyze five plastid DNA regions of the endangered Juniperus brevifolia, which is endemic to the Azores archipelago...
  13. Terrab A, Schönswetter P, Talavera S, Vela E, Stuessy T. Range-wide phylogeography of Juniperus thurifera L., a presumptive keystone species of western Mediterranean vegetation during cold stages of the Pleistocene. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;48:94-102 pubmed publisher
    We investigate the range-wide population structure and phylogeography of thuriferous juniper (Juniperus thurifera L.), a species with a highly disjunct distribution in the western Mediterranean...
  14. Rozas V, DeSoto L, Olano J. Sex-specific, age-dependent sensitivity of tree-ring growth to climate in the dioecious tree Juniperus thurifera. New Phytol. 2009;182:687-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Ring widths were measured from 50 female and 50 male Juniperus thurifera trees, 50-350 yr old, growing under a Mediterranean continental climate...
  15. Kusari S, Lamshöft M, Spiteller M. Aspergillus fumigatus Fresenius, an endophytic fungus from Juniperus communis L. Horstmann as a novel source of the anticancer pro-drug deoxypodophyllotoxin. J Appl Microbiol. 2009;107:1019-30 pubmed publisher
    Isolation, identification and characterization of an endophytic fungus from Juniperus communis L. Horstmann, as a novel producer of deoxypodophyllotoxin and its in vitro antimicrobial assay.
  16. Salido S, Altarejos J, Nogueras M, Sanchez A, Pannecouque C, Witvrouw M, et al. Chemical studies of essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;81:129-34 pubmed
    Leaf and (unripe and ripe) berry essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia (H. Gay) Debeaux grown wild in Spain have been analysed by capillary GC and GC-MS in combination with retention indices...
  17. Cavaleiro C, Pinto E, Gonçalves M, Salgueiro L. Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, Aspergillus and Candida strains. J Appl Microbiol. 2006;100:1333-8 pubmed
    ..In this work the authors report on the antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils (Juniperus communis ssp. alpina, J. oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus and J. turbinata).
  18. Wubet T, Weiss M, Kottke I, Teketay D, Oberwinkler F. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear small subunit rDNA sequences suggests that the endangered African Pencil Cedar, Juniperus procera, is associated with distinct members of Glomeraceae. Mycol Res. 2006;110:1059-69 pubmed
    The endangered indigenous tree species Juniperus procera, commonly known as African Pencil Cedar, is an important component of the dry Afromontane vegetation of Ethiopia and was shown to be AM in earlier studies...
  19. Kwon H, Hong Y, Park C, Choi Y, Yun H, Lee E, et al. Widdrol induces cell cycle arrest, associated with MCM down-regulation, in human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Cancer Lett. 2010;290:96-103 pubmed publisher
    Widdrol, an odorous compound extracted from Juniperus chinensis, has been shown to inhibit the in vitro growth of in human cancer cells...
  20. Verheyen K, Adriaenssens S, Gruwez R, Michalczyk I, Ward L, Rosseel Y, et al. Juniperus communis: victim of the combined action of climate warming and nitrogen deposition?. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2009;11 Suppl 1:49-59 pubmed publisher
    ..and indirect effects of the above-mentioned global change drivers on seed viability in the coniferous shrub Juniperus communis L...
  21. Vervloet D, Birnbaum J, Laurent P, Hugues B, Fardeau M, Massabie Bouchat Y, et al. Safety and efficacy of Juniperus ashei sublingual-swallow ultra-rush pollen immunotherapy in cypress rhinoconjunctivitis. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2007;142:239-46 pubmed
    ..This treatment has now been evaluated using an ultra-rush incremental dose regimen with a Juniperus ashei allergen extract in patients allergic to Cupressus sempervirens and Cupressus arizonica.
  22. Burits M, Asres K, Bucar F. The antioxidant activity of the essential oils of Artemisia afra, Artemisia abyssinica and Juniperus procera. Phytother Res. 2001;15:103-8 pubmed
    The essential oils of Artemisia afra Jacq., Artemisia abyssinica Schultz-Bip. and Juniperus procera Hoechst ex Endl. were examined for their potential radical scavenging activities...
  23. Meloni M, Perini D, Filigheddu R, Binelli G. Genetic variation in five Mediterranean populations of Juniperus phoenicea as revealed by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Ann Bot. 2006;97:299-304 pubmed
    ..In this work, the genetic variability in five natural populations of Juniperus phoenicea, three from Sardinia, one from Cyprus and the last one in the Maritime Alps was analysed by means of ..
  24. Schepetkin I, Faulkner C, Nelson Overton L, Wiley J, Quinn M. Macrophage immunomodulatory activity of polysaccharides isolated from Juniperus scopolorum. Int Immunopharmacol. 2005;5:1783-99 pubmed
    Extracts of cones and leaves of different species of the genus Juniperus have been used for centuries to treat a variety of medical problems; however, little is known about the active components conferring therapeutic properties to these ..
  25. Dearing M, McLister J, Sorensen J. Woodrat (Neotoma) herbivores maintain nitrogen balance on a low-nitrogen, high-phenolic forage, Juniperus monosperma. J Comp Physiol B. 2005;175:349-55 pubmed
    ..balance on plant diets low in nitrogen and high in secondary compounds, we studied the effect of juniper (Juniperus monosperma) ingestion on the nitrogen balance of two species of herbivorous woodrats (Neotoma stephensi and N...
  26. Orhan N, Aslan M, Demirci B, Ergun F. A bioactivity guided study on the antidiabetic activity of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. oxycedrus L. leaves. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:409-15 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus (Cupressaceae) species are widely used as folk medicine in spreading countries. Decoction of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. oxycedrus L. leaves is used internally to lower blood glucose levels in Turkey.
  27. Ozturk M, Tumen I, Ugur A, Aydoğmuş Öztürk F, Topcu G. Evaluation of fruit extracts of six Turkish Juniperus species for their antioxidant, anticholinesterase and antimicrobial activities. J Sci Food Agric. 2011;91:867-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus L. (Cupressaceae) species are mostly spread out in the Northern Hemisphere of the world, and some of them are used as folkloric medicines. The fruits of some species are eaten...
  28. Gordien A, Gray A, Franzblau S, Seidel V. Antimycobacterial terpenoids from Juniperus communis L. (Cuppressaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126:500-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus communis is a plant which has been reported as a traditional cure for tuberculosis (TB) and other respiratory diseases.
  29. Akkol E, Guvenc A, Yesilada E. A comparative study on the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of five Juniperus taxa. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;125:330-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus L. (Cupressaceae) species have been used to various inflammatory and infectious diseases such as bronchitis, colds, cough, fungal infections, hemorrhoids, gynecological diseases, and wounds in Turkish folk medicine.
  30. Eggemeyer K, Awada T, Harvey F, Wedin D, Zhou X, Zanner C. Seasonal changes in depth of water uptake for encroaching trees Juniperus virginiana and Pinus ponderosa and two dominant C4 grasses in a semiarid grassland. Tree Physiol. 2009;29:157-69 pubmed publisher
    ..amp; C. Lawson, Juniperus virginiana L.), and two C(4) grasses (Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash, Panicum virgatum L...
  31. Gimeno T, Camarero J, Granda E, Pias B, Valladares F. Enhanced growth of Juniperus thurifera under a warmer climate is explained by a positive carbon gain under cold and drought. Tree Physiol. 2012;32:326-36 pubmed publisher
    b>Juniperus thurifera L. is an endemic conifer of the western Mediterranean Basin where it is subjected to a severe climatic stress characterized by low winter temperatures and summer drought...
  32. Marino A, Bellinghieri V, Nostro A, Miceli N, Taviano M, Guvenc A, et al. In vitro effect of branch extracts of Juniperus species from Turkey on Staphylococcus aureus biofilm. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2010;59:470-6 pubmed publisher
    Methanol and aqueous branch extracts of five Juniperus species were examined for their effects on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538P and S. aureus 810 biofilm. The Turkish plant material was Juniperus communis L. var. communis, J...
  33. Mugnaini S, Nepi M, Guarnieri M, Piotto B, Pacini E. Pollination drop in Juniperus communis: response to deposited material. Ann Bot. 2007;100:1475-81 pubmed
    ..The objective of this work was to study the formation of the pollination drop in Juniperus communis, its carbohydrate composition and the response to deposition of conspecific pollen, foreign pollen and ..
  34. Kusari S, Zühlke S, Spiteller M. Chemometric evaluation of the anti-cancer pro-drug podophyllotoxin and potential therapeutic analogues in Juniperus and Podophyllum species. Phytochem Anal. 2011;22:128-43 pubmed publisher
    ..There is a dearth of information on the holistic analysis of their distribution pattern in both phylogenetic and ecological contexts...
  35. Wedge D, Tabanca N, Sampson B, Werle C, Demirci B, Baser K, et al. Antifungal and insecticidal activity of two Juniperus essential oils. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:123-7 pubmed
    Essential oils of two Tibetan Junipers Juniperus saltuaria and J. squamata var. fargesii (Cupressaceae) were obtained by distilling dried leaves and branches using a Clevenger apparatus. Sixty-seven compounds from J...
  36. Chaftar N, Girardot M, Labanowski J, Ghrairi T, Hani K, Frère J, et al. Comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of 19 essential oils. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;901:1-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Five essential oils were obtained from Tunisian plants (EOtun): Artemisia herba-alba Asso, Juniperus phoenicea L., Rosmarinus officinalis L., Ruta graveolens L. and Thymus vulgaris L...
  37. Anderegg W, Anderegg L. Hydraulic and carbohydrate changes in experimental drought-induced mortality of saplings in two conifer species. Tree Physiol. 2013;33:252-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we performed a severe controlled drought experiment on saplings of Pinus edulis Engelm. and Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little, two species that both experienced die-off in a recent 'climate change-type' drought...
  38. Liu Y, Yang L, Liu Y, Di X, Xiao H, Tian X, et al. Synthesis and insecticidal activities of novel derivatives of podophyllotoxin. Nat Prod Res. 2007;21:967-74 pubmed
    ..rapae than podophyllotoxin. Also, the antifeedant activities showed that these compounds exhibited less potency than podophyllotoxin. ..
  39. Gardner D, Panter K, Stegelmeier B. Implication of agathic acid from Utah juniper bark as an abortifacient compound in cattle. J Appl Toxicol. 2010;30:115-9 pubmed publisher
    Freshly ground Utah juniper [Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little] bark was given via gavage at a dosage of 2.3 kg per cow twice daily to three pregnant cows starting on day 255 of gestation...
  40. Davis R, Ramirez R, Anderson J, Bernhardt S. Distribution and Habitat of Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) and Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in Utah. J Med Entomol. 2015;52:1361-7 pubmed publisher
    ..I. pacificus positive collection sites were characterized by Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii Nuttall), juniper (Juniperus spp. L.), big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata Nuttall) and black sagebrush (A...
  41. Orhan N, Orhan I, Ergun F. Insights into cholinesterase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of five Juniperus species. Food Chem Toxicol. 2011;49:2305-12 pubmed publisher
    ..and antioxidant activities of the aqueous and ethanol extracts of the leaves, ripe fruits, and unripe fruits of Juniperus communis ssp. nana, Juniperus oxycedrus ssp...
  42. Xiao D, Shao X, Qin N, Huang X. Tree-ring-based reconstruction of streamflow for the Zaqu River in the Lancang River source region, China, over the past 419 years. Int J Biometeorol. 2017;61:1173-1189 pubmed publisher
    Tree-ring width standard chronologies were created from juniperus przewalskii Kom data collected in the Lancang River Headwaters region. Statistical analysis results showed high correlation (r = 0...
  43. Kidane L, Nemomissa S, Bekele T. Human-Forest interfaces in Hugumburda-Gratkhassu National Forest Priority Area, North-eastern Ethiopia. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2018;14:17 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Juniperus procera, Olea europaea ssp...
  44. Koruk S, Ozyilkan E, Kaya P, Colak D, Donderici O, Cesaretli Y. Juniper tar poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2005;43:47-9 pubmed
    Juniper tar (cade oil) is distilled from the branches and wood of Juniperus oxycedrus. It contains etheric oils, triterpene and phenols, and is used for many purposes in folk medicine...
  45. Flonard M, Lo E, Levetin E. Increasing Juniperus virginiana L. pollen in the Tulsa atmosphere: long-term trends, variability, and influence of meteorological conditions. Int J Biometeorol. 2018;62:229-241 pubmed publisher
    In the Tulsa area, the Cupressaceae is largely represented by eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana L.)...
  46. Leffler A, Ryel R, Hipps L, Ivans S, Caldwell M. Carbon acquisition and water use in a Northern Utah Juniperus osteosperma (Utah juniper) population. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:1221-30 pubmed
    Water use and carbon acquisition were examined in a northern Utah population of Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little. Leaf-level carbon assimilation, which was greatest in the spring and autumn, was limited by soil water availability...
  47. Martin A, Queiroz E, Marston A, Hostettmann K. Labdane diterpenes from Juniperus communis L. berries. Phytochem Anal. 2006;17:32-5 pubmed
    A phytochemical study of the methanol extract of Juniperus communis berries was undertaken. The crude extract was analysed by HPLC-UV and the isolation of the minor compounds was performed by centrifugal partition chromatography...
  48. Magnanou E, Malenke J, Dearing M. Hepatic gene expression in herbivores on diets with natural and novel plant secondary compounds. Physiol Genomics. 2013;45:774-85 pubmed publisher
    ..This pattern may be the result of a naïve animal's attempting to mitigate physiological damage caused by novel PSCs. ..
  49. Su Y, Hsu K, Wang E, Ho C. The composition, anti-mildew and anti-wood-decay fungal activities of the leaf and fruit oils of Juniperus formosana from Taiwan. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1329-32 pubmed
    ..anti-mildew and anti-wood-decay fungal activities of the leaf and fruits essential oil and its constituents from Juniperus formosana were evaluated in vitro against seven mildew fungi and four wood decay fungi, respectively...
  50. Capurso G, Crnogorac Jurcevic T, Milione M, Panzuto F, Campanini N, Dowen S, et al. Peanut-like 1 (septin 5) gene expression in normal and neoplastic human endocrine pancreas. Neuroendocrinology. 2005;81:311-21 pubmed
  51. Lee S, Gardner D, Garrosian M, Panter K, Serrequi A, Schoch T, et al. Development of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for isocupressic acid and serum metabolites of isocupressic acid. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:3228-33 pubmed
    The consumption of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), common juniper (Juniperus communis), and Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) causes abortions in pregnant cattle...
  52. Wang W, Li E, Jia Z. Terpenes from Juniperus przewalskii and their antitumor activities. Pharmazie. 2002;57:343-5 pubmed
    Two new diterpenes were isolated from Juniperus przewalskii, together with 17 known terpense. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods (IR, MS, 1H, 13C and 2DNMR)...
  53. Mayr S, Hacke U, Schmid P, Schwienbacher F, Gruber A. Frost drought in conifers at the alpine timberline: xylem dysfunction and adaptations. Ecology. 2006;87:3175-85 pubmed
    ..We compared annual courses of psi and embolism in Picea abies, Pinus cembra, Pinus mugo, Larix decidua, and Juniperus communis growing at the timberline vs. low altitude...
  54. Shrewsbury P, Hardin M. Evaluation of predatory mite (Acari: Phytoseiidae) releases to suppress spruce spider mites, Oligonychus ununguis (Acari: Tetranychidae), on juniper. J Econ Entomol. 2003;96:1675-84 pubmed
    ..Nesbitt (Acari: Phytoseiidae), was evaluated for reducing pest mite densities and injury, and economic costs on Juniperus chinensis 'Sargentii' A. Henry (Cupressaceae) in an outdoor nursery...
  55. Maddocks Jennings W. Critical incident: idiosyncratic allergic reactions to essential oils. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10:58-60 pubmed
    ..Two cases are presented of potentially serious reactions that occurred within a learning situation along with a brief literature critique about allergic reactions to essential oils...
  56. Li Z, Zou J, Mao K, Lin K, Li H, Liu J, et al. Population genetic evidence for complex evolutionary histories of four high altitude juniper species in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Evolution. 2012;66:831-845 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results, together with previous studies, underscore complex evolutionary histories of plant diversification in the biodiversity-hotspot QTP...
  57. van der Weijden G, Timmer C, Timmerman M, Reijerse E, Mantel M, Van der Velden U. The effect of herbal extracts in an experimental mouthrinse on established plaque and gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol. 1998;25:399-403 pubmed
    ..The herbal extract was a mixture of: Juniperus communis (juniper), Urtica dioca (nettle), Achillaea millefolium (yarrow); 1:1:1...
  58. Kerr W, McLaughlin M, Morrison A, Pauson P. Formal total synthesis of (+/-)-alpha- and beta-cedrene by preparation of cedrone. Construction of the tricyclic carbon skeleton by the use of a highly efficient intramolecular Khand annulation. Org Lett. 2001;3:2945-8 pubmed
    ..Further synthetic manipulations provided a concise formal total synthesis of alpha- and beta-cedrene. Reaction: see text...
  59. Avsar M, Tonguc F. Evaluation of growth potential of Crimean juniper (Juniperus excelsa Bieb.) seedlings for the first growing season under Tekir forest nursery conditions in Kahramanmaras, Turkey. J Environ Biol. 2003;24:155-9 pubmed
    In this study, growth potential of Crimean juniper (Juniperus excelsa Bieb.) seedlings for the first growing season under Tekir Forest Nursery conditions in Kahramanmaras was evaluated...
  60. Nakanishi T, Iida N, Inatomi Y, Murata H, Inada A, Murata J, et al. Neolignan and flavonoid glycosides in Juniperus communis var. depressa. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:207-13 pubmed
    Two neolignan glycosides (junipercomnosides A and B) were isolated from aerial parts of Juniperus communis var. depressa along with two known neolignan glycosides and seven flavonoid glycosides...
  61. Foudil Cherif Y, Yassaa N. Enantiomeric and non-enantiomeric monoterpenes of Juniperus communis L. and Juniperus oxycedrus needles and berries determined by HS-SPME and enantioselective GC/MS. Food Chem. 2012;135:1796-800 pubmed publisher
    For the first time, enantiomeric and non-enantiomeric distribution of monoterpenes in the headspace of Juniperus communis L...
  62. Iida N, Inatomi Y, Murata H, Murata J, Lang F, Tanaka T, et al. New phenylpropanoid glycosides from Juniperus communis var. depressa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:742-6 pubmed
    Two new phenylpropanoid glycosides were isolated from the leaves and stems of Juniperus communis var. depressa (Cupressaceae) along with 14 known compounds...
  63. Schneider I, Gibbons S, Bucar F. Inhibitory activity of Juniperus communis on 12(S)-HETE production in human platelets. Planta Med. 2004;70:471-4 pubmed
    Extracts of Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) have been evaluated for their inhibitory activity on human platelet-type 12(S)-lipoxygenase [12(S)-LOX]...
  64. Vanden Broeck A, Gruwez R, Cox K, Adriaenssens S, Michalczyk I, Verheyen K. Genetic structure and seed-mediated dispersal rates of an endangered shrub in a fragmented landscape: a case study for Juniperus communis in northwestern Europe. BMC Genet. 2011;12:73 pubmed publisher
    ..We quantified successful seed-mediated dispersal of the dioecious shrub Juniperus communis in a fragmented landscape across northwestern Europe by using amplified fragment length polymorphism (..
  65. Shin E, Karthikeyan K, Tshabalala M. Adsorption mechanism of cadmium on juniper bark and wood. Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:588-94 pubmed
    ..The higher Ca content in JB (15 times more) and the surface RCOOH concentration (2.5 times more) can be attributed to the observed differences in Cd adsorption behavior between the two lignocellulosic adsorbents...
  66. Loizzo M, Saab A, Tundis R, Statti G, Menichini F, Lampronti I, et al. Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antiviral activities of the essential oils of seven Lebanon species. Chem Biodivers. 2008;5:461-70 pubmed publisher
    The chemical composition of the essential oils of Laurus nobilis, Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus, Thuja orientalis, Cupressus sempervirens ssp...
  67. Greer D, Pfahl L, Rieck J, Daniels T, Garza O. Comparison of a novel distillation method versus a traditional distillation method in a model gin system using liquid/liquid extraction. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:9030-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A model gin was made of dried juniper berries (Juniperus communis), coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum), angelica root (Angelica archangelica), and dry lemon peel (..
  68. Opgenoorth L, Vendramin G, Mao K, Miehe G, Miehe S, Liepelt S, et al. Tree endurance on the Tibetan Plateau marks the world's highest known tree line of the Last Glacial Maximum. New Phytol. 2010;185:332-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Five-hundred and ninety individuals from 102 populations of the Juniperus tibetica complex were sequenced at three polymorphic chloroplast regions...
  69. Innocenti M, Michelozzi M, Giaccherini C, Ieri F, Vincieri F, Mulinacci N. Flavonoids and biflavonoids in Tuscan berries of Juniperus communis L.: detection and quantitation by HPLC/DAD/ESI/MS. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:6596-602 pubmed
    ..HPLC/DAD and HPLC/ESI/MS techniques, of the phenolic composition of berries collected from wild Tuscan plants of Juniperus communis L. and grown in three different geographical zones...