Summary: A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.

Top Publications

  1. Waite M, Sack L. How does moss photosynthesis relate to leaf and canopy structure? Trait relationships for 10 Hawaiian species of contrasting light habitats. New Phytol. 2010;185:156-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite divergence of mosses and tracheophytes in leaf size and function, analogous trait coordination has arisen during ecological differentiation...
  2. Goffinet B, Wickett N, Werner O, Ros R, Shaw A, Cox C. Distribution and phylogenetic significance of the 71-kb inversion in the plastid genome in Funariidae (Bryophyta). Ann Bot. 2007;99:747-53 pubmed
    ..assembly of the complete sequence of the plastid genome of the model taxon Physcomitrella patens (Funariaceae, Bryophyta) revealed that a 71-kb fragment, encompassing much of the large single copy region, is inverted...
  3. Miyata Y, Sugita C, Maruyama K, Sugita M. RNA editing in the anticodon of tRNA Leu (CAA) occurs before group I intron splicing in plastids of a moss Takakia lepidozioides S. Hatt. & Inoue. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2008;10:250-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first experimental evidence that the anticodon editing of tRNA occurs before RNA splicing in plastids. This suggests that this editing is a prerequisite to splicing of pre-tRNA Leu...
  4. Tani A, Akita M, Murase H, Kimbara K. Culturable bacteria in hydroponic cultures of moss Racomitrium japonicum and their potential as biofertilizers for moss production. J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;112:32-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that the microbial community structure in hydroponic cultures is important to stabilize moss production and the isolates that promote moss growth have potential to be utilized as biofertilizers for moss production...
  5. Chang Y, Graham S. Inferring the higher-order phylogeny of mosses (Bryophyta) and relatives using a large, multigene plastid data set. Am J Bot. 2011;98:839-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Likelihood and parsimony conflicts flag possible instances of long-branch attraction, including one involving the earliest split in moss phylogeny...
  6. Cornelissen J, Lang S, Soudzilovskaia N, During H. Comparative cryptogam ecology: a review of bryophyte and lichen traits that drive biogeochemistry. Ann Bot. 2007;99:987-1001 pubmed
  7. Heber U, Azarkovich M, Shuvalov V. Activation of mechanisms of photoprotection by desiccation and by light: poikilohydric photoautotrophs. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2745-59 pubmed
  8. Hernández Maqueda R, Quandt D, Werner O, Munoz J. Phylogeny and classification of the Grimmiaceae/Ptychomitriaceae complex (Bryophyta) inferred from cpDNA. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;46:863-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results are not fully congruent with recently published treatments splitting Grimmiaceae in a fairly high number of genera, neither with a comprehensive Grimmia including Dryptodon and Grimmia s. str...
  9. Meyer M, Seibt U, Griffiths H. To concentrate or ventilate? Carbon acquisition, isotope discrimination and physiological ecology of early land plant life forms. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2008;363:2767-78 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Novikova O, Mayorov V, Smyshlyaev G, Fursov M, Adkison L, Pisarenko O, et al. Novel clades of chromodomain-containing Gypsy LTR retrotransposons from mosses (Bryophyta). Plant J. 2008;56:562-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Four novel clades were identified that are evolutionarily distinct from the chromodomain-containing Gypsy LTR retrotransposons of other plants...
  2. Rudolphi J, Gustafsson L. Forests regenerating after clear-cutting function as habitat for bryophyte and lichen species of conservation concern. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18639 pubmed publisher
    ..Although priority needs to be given to preservation of remnant old-growth forests, we argue that young forests rich in biological legacies and located in landscapes with high amounts of old forests may have a conservation value. ..
  3. Hylander K. No increase in colonization rate of boreal bryophytes close to propagule sources. Ecology. 2009;90:160-9 pubmed
  4. Aboal J, Fernandez J, Boquete T, Carballeira A. Is it possible to estimate atmospheric deposition of heavy metals by analysis of terrestrial mosses?. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:6291-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Use of mosses is therefore recommended as a complementary (rather than an alternative) technique in the conventional analysis of bulk deposition of contaminants...
  5. Bell N, Hyvönen J. Phylogeny of the moss class Polytrichopsida (BRYOPHYTA): Generic-level structure and incongruent gene trees. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010;55:381-98 pubmed publisher
  6. Dragovic S, Mihailović N. Analysis of mosses and topsoils for detecting sources of heavy metal pollution: multivariate and enrichment factor analysis. Environ Monit Assess. 2009;157:383-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Enrichment factors, calculated to evaluate the contribution to the metal content in moss from anthropogenic sources, revealed pollution of the investigated area by Cd and Pb, originating from long-range transport and fossil fuel burning...
  7. Stenøien H. Slow molecular evolution in 18S rDNA, rbcL and nad5 genes of mosses compared with higher plants. J Evol Biol. 2008;21:566-71 pubmed publisher
  8. Harmens H, Norris D, Koerber G, Buse A, Steinnes E, Rühling A. Temporal trends (1990-2000) in the concentration of cadmium, lead and mercury in mosses across Europe. Environ Pollut. 2008;151:368-76 pubmed
    ..The observed temporal trends for the concentrations in mosses were similar to the trends reported for the modelled total deposition of cadmium, lead and mercury in Europe...
  9. Harmens H, Norris D, Steinnes E, Kubin E, Piispanen J, Alber R, et al. Mosses as biomonitors of atmospheric heavy metal deposition: spatial patterns and temporal trends in Europe. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:3144-56 pubmed publisher
    ..However, temporal trends were country-specific with sometimes increases being found...
  10. Brown R, Lemmon B. Pre-meiotic bands and novel meiotic spindle ontogeny in quadrilobed sporocytes of leafy liverworts (Jungermannidae, Bryophyta). Protoplasma. 2009;237:41-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations document a significant variation in the innovative process of sporogenesis evolved in early land plants...
  11. Martins R, Pardo R, Boaventura R. Cadmium(II) and zinc(II) adsorption by the aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica: effect of temperature, pH and water hardness. Water Res. 2004;38:693-9 pubmed
    ..1 to 116.3 mg CaCO(3)l(-1). Inversely, as hardness increases, the competition with calcium ions strongly reduces the affinity of the biosorbent for zinc...
  12. Shaw A, Cox C, Goffinet B, Buck W, Boles S. Phylogenetic evidence of a rapid radiation of pleurocarpous mosses (Bryophyta). Evolution. 2003;57:2226-41 pubmed
    ..The Hypnales, however, appear to have undergone a period of exceptionally rapid diversification for the earliest 20% of their history...
  13. Rensing S, Kiessling J, Reski R, Decker E. Diversification of ftsZ during early land plant evolution. J Mol Evol. 2004;58:154-62 pubmed
    ..Comparison of sequence features and phylogenetic analyses confirm the presence of two clusters of paralogues in land plants and demonstrate that these genes were duplicated before the divergence of mosses, ferns and seed plants...
  14. Hyvönen J, Koskinen S, Merrill G, Hedderson T, Stenroos S. Phylogeny of the Polytrichales (Bryophyta) based on simultaneous analysis of molecular and morphological data. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;31:915-28 pubmed
    ..Six taxa with an exclusively Southern Hemisphere distribution form a grade between the basal lineages and a clade including genera that are mostly confined to the Northern Hemisphere...
  15. Mitchell E, Bragazza L, Gerdol R. Testate amoebae (Protista) communities in Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) B.S.G. (Bryophyta): relationships with altitude, and moss elemental chemistry. Protist. 2004;155:423-36 pubmed
    ..This suggests that previous evidence of altitudinal or latitudinal effects on testate amoebae diversity may at least in part be due to a sampling bias, namely differences in soil type or moss species sampled...
  16. Quandt D, Stech M. Molecular evolution of the trnL(UAA) intron in bryophytes. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2005;36:429-43 pubmed
    ..In mosses, trends towards length reduction of P8 and lower evolutionary rates of the intron are observed. Average intraspecific variation is less than 1%, corresponding to 2-3 mutations in the complete intron...
  17. Brown R, Lemmon B. Polar organizers and girdling bands of microtubules are associated with gamma-tubulin and act in establishment of meiotic quadripolarity in the hepatic Aneura pinguis (Bryophyta). Protoplasma. 2006;227:77-85 pubmed
    ..These findings contribute to knowledge of microtubule organization and the role of microtubules in spatial regulation of cytokinesis in plants...
  18. Draper I, Hedenäs L, Grimm G. Molecular and morphological incongruence in European species of Isothecium (Bryophyta). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;42:700-16 pubmed
  19. Munoz J, Felicísimo A, Cabezas F, Burgaz A, Martinez I. Wind as a long-distance dispersal vehicle in the Southern Hemisphere. Science. 2004;304:1144-7 pubmed
    ..We found a stronger correlation of floristic similarities with wind connectivity than with geographic proximities, which supports the idea that wind is a dispersal vehicle for many organisms in the Southern Hemisphere...
  20. Opelt K, Berg G. Diversity and antagonistic potential of bacteria associated with bryophytes from nutrient-poor habitats of the Baltic Sea Coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:6569-79 pubmed
    ..g., for biological control of plant pathogens...
  21. Heber U, Shuvalov V. Photochemical reactions of chlorophyll in dehydrated photosystem II: two chlorophyll forms (680 and 700 nm). Photosynth Res. 2005;84:85-91 pubmed
    ..Dissipation of light energy in this trap is activated by desiccation...
  22. Anicić M, Frontasyeva M, Tomasević M, Popovic A. Assessment of atmospheric deposition of heavy metals and other elements in Belgrade using the moss biomonitoring technique and neutron activation analysis. Environ Monit Assess. 2007;129:207-19 pubmed
    ..The level of accumulated elements in both investigated moss genera were similar and all studied species could be combined for biomonitoring purposes in urban areas...
  23. Sugita M, Miyata Y, Maruyama K, Sugiura C, Arikawa T, Higuchi M. Extensive RNA editing in transcripts from the PsbB operon and RpoA gene of plastids from the enigmatic moss Takakia lepidozioides. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:2268-74 pubmed
    ..Thirty-two sites were commonly observed in the hornwort Anthoceros angustus. This finding suggests that the enigmatic bryophyte Takakia is closely related to hornworts with respect to RNA editing events...
  24. Hornschuh M, Grotha R, Kutschera U. Moss-associated methylobacteria as phytosymbionts: an experimental study. Naturwissenschaften. 2006;93:480-6 pubmed
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that the development of Funaria protonemata is promoted by beneficial phytohormone-producing methylobacteria, which can be classified as phytosymbionts...
  25. van der Wal R, Pearce I, Brooker R. Mosses and the struggle for light in a nitrogen-polluted world. Oecologia. 2005;142:159-68 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates the importance of understanding moss-vascular plant interactions to allow interpretation and prediction of ecosystem responses to anthropogenic drivers such as atmospheric N deposition or climate change...
  26. Muir P, Rambo T, Kimmerer R, Keon D. Influence of overstory removal on growth of epiphytic mosses and lichens in western Oregon. Ecol Appl. 2006;16:1207-21 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that logging with green-tree retention and other silvicultural practices that preserve trees or shrubs hosting the species studied here are likely to encourage these species' development in managed forests...
  27. Takezawa D, Minami A. Calmodulin-binding proteins in bryophytes: identification of abscisic acid-, cold-, and osmotic stress-induced genes encoding novel membrane-bound transporter-like proteins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004;317:428-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that calmodulin participates in cellular signaling events leading to enhancement of stress resistance through regulation of novel transporter-like proteins...
  28. Decker E, Reski R. The moss bioreactor. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2004;7:166-70 pubmed
    ..Unlike all other plants, moss allows straightforward 'humanisation' of plant-derived pharmaceuticals...
  29. Leonardía A, Tan B, Kumar P. Population genetic structure of the tropical moss Acanthorrhynchium papillatum as measured with microsatellite markers. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15:384-94 pubmed publisher
    ..papillatum can introduce genetic variability by mutation among vegetatively propagated individuals. This study provides baseline information on the genetic diversity of A. papillatum tropical rain forests. ..
  30. Zvěřina O, Coufalík P, Brat K, Cervenka R, Kuta J, Mikes O, et al. Leaching of mercury from seal carcasses into Antarctic soils. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:1424-1431 pubmed publisher
    ..The enhanced capacity of soil to retain mercury is also anticipated due to the high content of total organic carbon (from 1.6 to 7.5 %). According to the results, seal remains represent a clear source of mercury in the observed area. ..
  31. Moore E, Villanueva L, Hopmans E, Rijpstra W, Mets A, Dedysh S, et al. Abundant Trimethylornithine Lipids and Specific Gene Sequences Are Indicative of Planctomycete Importance at the Oxic/Anoxic Interface in Sphagnum-Dominated Northern Wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015;81:6333-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The higher accumulation of TMOs at the oxic/anoxic interface and the change in the planctomycete community with depth suggest that these IPLs could be synthesized as a response to changing redox conditions at the oxic/anoxic interface. ..
  32. Cevik U, Celik N. Ecological half-life of 137Cs in mosses and lichens in the Ordu province, Turkey by Cevik and Celik. J Environ Radioact. 2009;100:23-8 pubmed publisher
    ..1 and 13.7 y for the lichen samples. It was observed that 137Cs was still eminent in the area studied. Moreover, 40K activity concentrations and K element concentrations were measured and their relationships were discussed...
  33. Takagi D, Ishizaki K, Hanawa H, Mabuchi T, Shimakawa G, Yamamoto H, et al. Diversity of strategies for escaping reactive oxygen species production within photosystem I among land plants: P700 oxidation system is prerequisite for alleviating photoinhibition in photosystem I. Physiol Plant. 2017;161:56-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we demonstrate, for the first time, that gymnosperms, ferns and mosses/liverworts possess a protection mechanism against photoinhibition of PSI that differs from that of angiosperms. ..
  34. Davey M, Nybakken L, Kauserud H, Ohlson M. Fungal biomass associated with the phyllosphere of bryophytes and vascular plants. Mycol Res. 2009;113:1254-60 pubmed publisher
  35. Sarma S, Lodha M. Phylogenetic relationship and domain organisation of SET domain proteins of Archaeplastida. BMC Plant Biol. 2017;17:238 pubmed publisher, this study shows first appearance of several domains like SRA on SET domain proteins in chlorophyta instead of bryophyta. The present study is a framework to experimentally characterize SET domain proteins in plant lineage.
  36. Xiao H, Tang C, Xiao H, Wang Y, Liu X, Liu C. Tissue S/N ratios and stable isotopes (delta(34)S and delta(15)N) of epilithic mosses (Haplocladium microphyllum) for showing air pollution in urban cities in Southern China. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:1726-32 pubmed publisher
  37. Croisier E, Rempt M, Pohnert G. Survey of volatile oxylipins and their biosynthetic precursors in bryophytes. Phytochemistry. 2010;71:574-80 pubmed publisher
    ..A biosynthetic investigation revealed that both, C18 and C20 fatty acids serve as precursors for the volatile oxylipins that are mainly produced after mechanical wounding of the green tissue of mosses. ..
  38. Singh M, Singh S, Nath V, Sahu V, Rawat A. Antibacterial activity of some bryophytes used traditionally for the treatment of burn infections. Pharm Biol. 2011;49:526-30 pubmed publisher
    ..92% and minimum inhibitory concentration of 30??g mL(-1). Our findings support the use of the bryophytes in traditional medicine for burn infections because of their significant antibacterial activity. ..
  39. Liang P, Yang Y, He L, Wang D. [Heavy metals contents and Hg adsorption characteristics of mosses in virgin forest of Gongga Mountain]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2008;19:1191-6 pubmed
    ..schreberi and R. laetum were 15.24 and 8.19 mg x g(-1), respectively, suggesting that the two mosses had a good capacity of Hg adsorption, and could be used as the bio-monitors of atmospheric Hg pollution. ..
  40. Zitelli K, Adams B. Resident rounds. Part III: case report: temporary traumatic discoloration from handling moss-covered firewood. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12:822-3 pubmed
    ..Correct diagnosis transpired in the clinical setting with tailored questioning based on careful examination and adjunct dermatoscopic evaluation. ..
  41. González A, Pokrovsky O, Beike A, Reski R, Di Palma A, Adamo P, et al. Metal and proton adsorption capacities of natural and cloned Sphagnum mosses. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2016;461:326-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, in vitro-produced clones of S. palustre can be considered as an adequate, environmentally benign substitution for protected natural Sphagnum sp. samples to be used in moss-bags for atmospheric monitoring. ..
  42. Holy M, Leblond S, Pesch R, Schröder W. Assessing spatial patterns of metal bioaccumulation in French mosses by means of an exposure index. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2009;16:499-507 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the decision tree analyses should be carried out to examine possibly changing boundary conditions of the metal accumulation in mosses over time. ..
  43. Culioli J, Fouquoire A, Calendini S, Mori C, Orsini A. Trophic transfer of arsenic and antimony in a freshwater ecosystem: a field study. Aquat Toxicol. 2009;94:286-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Concentrations of both metalloids decreased with increasing trophic level. ..
  44. Schauer S, Kutschera U. A novel growth-promoting microbe, Methylobacterium funariae sp. nov., isolated from the leaf surface of a common moss. Plant Signal Behav. 2011;6:510-5 pubmed publisher
  45. Bengtsson B, Cronberg N. The effective size of bryophyte populations. J Theor Biol. 2009;258:121-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It is shown that the harmonic mean of diploid sporophytes formed per haploid gametophytic individuals is the relevant measure in these calculations and not the standard (and generally larger) arithmetic mean. ..
  46. Wahrmund U, Quandt D, Knoop V. The phylogeny of mosses - addressing open issues with a new mitochondrial locus: group I intron cobi420. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010;54:417-26 pubmed publisher
    ..A concatenated 6-loci analysis suggests reconsideration of a Funariidae concept which includes Gigaspermaceae but leaves the isolated genus Timmia at the radiation of arthrodontous mosses unresolved. ..
  47. Rossi Wilcox S. From reference specimen to verisimilitude: the Blaschkas' penchant for botanical accuracy. Hist Biol. 2008;20:11-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Emphasis is given to the early lifecycle series (1889, 1893) and the last models that depict blight on temperate fruits (1929, 1932, 1936). ..
  48. Angelovska S, Stafilov T, Å ajn R, Balabanova B. Geogenic and Anthropogenic Moss Responsiveness to Element Distribution Around a Pb-Zn Mine, Toranica, Republic of Macedonia. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2016;70:487-505 pubmed publisher
    ..This phenomenon strongly affects the environment, which is a natural geochemical imprint in this unique area (described with the strong dominance of the geochemical association Cd-Zn-Pb-Cu). ..
  49. Cabuk H, Kılıç M, Oren M. Biomonitoring of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban and industrial environments of the Western Black Sea Region, Turkey. Environ Monit Assess. 2014;186:1515-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Moving away from the city centres, a gradual decrease in PAH pollution rates was observed. ..
  50. Długosz Lisiecka M. Kinetics of 210Po accumulation in moss body profiles. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:20254-20260 pubmed publisher
    ..For relatively clean deep forest region, calculated concentrations were from 17.2 to 43.8 ?Bqm-3, while for urban air concentrations were higher from 49.1 to 104.9 ?Bqm-3. ..
  51. Sabovljevic A, Sabovljevic M, Jockovic N. In vitro culture and secondary metabolite isolation in bryophytes. Methods Mol Biol. 2009;547:117-28 pubmed publisher
    ..This technique is also useful in developmental, cellular, molecular, biochemical, and eco-physiologic studies. ..
  52. Ohnuma T, Umemoto N, Taira T, Fukamizo T, Numata T. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of an active-site mutant of `loopless' family GH19 chitinase from Bryum coronatum in a complex with chitotetraose. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2013;69:1360-2 pubmed publisher
    ..5, b = 58.4, c = 48.1 Å, ? = 115.6°. The asymmetric unit of the crystals is expected to contain one protein molecule, with a Matthews coefficient of 2.08 Å(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 41%. ..
  53. Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A, Nagashima F. Phytochemical and biological studies of bryophytes. Phytochemistry. 2013;91:52-80 pubmed publisher
    The bryophytes contain the Marchantiophyta (liverworts), Bryophyta (mosses) and Anthocerotophyta (hornworts)...
  54. Capozzi F, Giordano S, Aboal J, Adamo P, Bargagli R, Boquete T, et al. Best options for the exposure of traditional and innovative moss bags: A systematic evaluation in three European countries. Environ Pollut. 2016;214:362-373 pubmed publisher
  55. Gornall J, Woodin S, Jónsdóttir I, van der Wal R. Herbivore impacts to the moss layer determine tundra ecosystem response to grazing and warming. Oecologia. 2009;161:747-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus herbivore impacts to the moss layer are key to understanding arctic ecosystem response to grazing and warming...
  56. Holoubek I, Klanova J, Jarkovsky J, Kubík V, Helesic J. Trends in background levels of persistent organic pollutants at Kosetice observatory, Czech Republic.2) Part II. Aquatic and terrestrial environments 1996-2005. J Environ Monit. 2007;9:564-71 pubmed
    ..The soil, water and sediment concentrations showed a similar decrease of PAHs, PCBs, and HCHs, but there was no clear trend for DDTs and HCB...
  57. Figueira R, Tavares P, Palma L, Beja P, Sergio C. Application of indicator kriging to the complementary use of bioindicators at three trophic levels. Environ Pollut. 2009;157:2689-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Spatial patterns of mercury contamination were consistent across species. The combined index provided a new level of information useful in incorporating measures of overall environmental contamination into pollution studies...
  58. Saitanis C, Frontasyeva M, Steinnes E, Palmer M, Ostrovnaya T, Gundorina S. Spatiotemporal distribution of airborne elements monitored with the moss bags technique in the Greater Thriasion Plain, Attica, Greece. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185:955-68 pubmed publisher
    ..It also suggests that the timing and the duration of the exposure of moss materials should be considered in the interpretation of the results...
  59. Szövényi P, Ricca M, Shaw A. Multiple paternity and sporophytic inbreeding depression in a dioicous moss species. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;103:394-403 pubmed publisher
    ..Preferential maternal support of the more heterozygous sporophytes suggests active inbreeding avoidance that may have significant implications for mating system evolution in bryophytes...
  60. Kiebacher T, Keller C, Scheidegger C, Bergamini A. Epiphytes in wooded pastures: Isolation matters for lichen but not for bryophyte species richness. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182065 pubmed publisher
    ..In practice, for the conservation of a high overall richness in sylvo-pastoral systems, it is crucial to sustain not only old and large trees but rather a wide range of tree sizes and ages...
  61. Augustine R, Vidali L, Kleinman K, Bezanilla M. Actin depolymerizing factor is essential for viability in plants, and its phosphoregulation is important for tip growth. Plant J. 2008;54:863-75 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate that phosphoregulation at serine 6 is required for full ADF function in vivo, and, in particular, that the interaction between ADF and actin is important for tip growth...
  62. Fenton N, Bergeron Y. Stochastic processes dominate during boreal bryophyte community assembly. Ecology. 2013;94:1993-2006 pubmed
  63. Xie C, Lou H. Secondary metabolites in bryophytes: an ecological aspect. Chem Biodivers. 2009;6:303-12 pubmed publisher
    ..This review covers the ecological aspect of secondary metabolites in bryophytes and is taxonomically presented according to the ecological significances...
  64. Maksimova V, Klavina L, Bikovens O, Zicmanis A, Purmalis O. Structural characterization and chemical classification of some bryophytes found in Latvia. Chem Biodivers. 2013;10:1284-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Cluster analysis was used to better understand differences in the chemical composition of bryophyte samples and to evaluate possible usage of these methods in the chemotaxonomy of bryophytes. ..
  65. Xue J, Wang Y, Wu P, Wang Q, Yang L, Pan X, et al. A primary survey on bryophyte species reveals two novel classes of nucleotide-binding site (NBS) genes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36700 pubmed publisher
    ..The presence of specific introns highlights the chimerical structures of HNL, PNL and TNL genes, and implies their possible origin via exon-shuffling during the quick lineage separation processes of early land plants...
  66. Rüdinger M, Volkmar U, Lenz H, Groth Malonek M, Knoop V. Nuclear DYW-type PPR gene families diversify with increasing RNA editing frequencies in liverwort and moss mitochondria. J Mol Evol. 2012;74:37-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that DYW proteins are the key players of RNA editing at the origin of land plants...
  67. Pisa S, Werner O, Vanderpoorten A, Magdy M, Ros R. Elevational patterns of genetic variation in the cosmopolitan moss Bryum argenteum (Bryaceae). Am J Bot. 2013;100:2000-8 pubmed publisher
  68. Stech M, Veldman S, Larraín J, Munoz J, Quandt D, Hassel K, et al. Molecular species delimitation in the Racomitrium canescens complex (Grimmiaceae) and implications for DNA barcoding of species complexes in mosses. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e53134 pubmed publisher
  69. Giordano S, Adamo P, Spagnuolo V, Vaglieco B. Instrumental and bio-monitoring of heavy metal and nanoparticle emissions from diesel engine exhaust in controlled environment. J Environ Sci (China). 2010;22:1357-63 pubmed
  70. Liu X, Xiao H, Liu C, Li Y, Xiao H. Atmospheric transport of urban-derived NH(x): Evidence from nitrogen concentration and delta(15)N in epilithic mosses at Guiyang, SW China. Environ Pollut. 2008;156:715-22 pubmed publisher
    ..2 km from the urban center. Consequently, the variation of urban-derived NHx with distance from the urban center could be modeled as y=56.272e(-0.116x)-0.481 in the Guiyang area...
  71. Bu Z, Rydin H, Chen X. Direct and interaction-mediated effects of environmental changes on peatland bryophytes. Oecologia. 2011;166:555-63 pubmed publisher
    ..magellanicum may give them a competitive superiority over S. palustre. The negative response in Sphagnum to nitrogen could favor the expansion of vascular plants, but P. strictum may endure thanks to its increased branching...
  72. Dragovic S, Howard B, Caborn J, Barnett C, Mihailović N. Transfer of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides to ants, bryophytes and lichen in a semi-natural ecosystem. Environ Monit Assess. 2010;166:677-86 pubmed publisher
    ..All the CR values will be included in a future revision of the ERICA Tool database and will particularly improve the information available for uranium...
  73. Bansal P, Verma S, Srivastava A. Biomonitoring of air pollution using antioxidative enzyme system in two genera of family Pottiaceae (Bryophyta). Environ Pollut. 2016;216:512-518 pubmed publisher
    ..It was thus observed that the two genera, from the same location, showed difference in the activity of the antioxidative enzymes. Based on our results, we recommend bryophytes as good monitors of air pollution. ..
  74. Menges M, Pavesi G, Morandini P, B gre L, Murray J. Genomic organization and evolutionary conservation of plant D-type cyclins. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:1558-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Global expression correlation analysis further supports distinct expression patterns for CYCD subgroups...
  75. Sari A, Tuzen M. Removal of mercury(II) from aqueous solution using moss (Drepanocladus revolvens) biomass: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies. J Hazard Mater. 2009;171:500-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The recovery of the Hg(II) from D. revolvens biomass was found to be 99% using 1M HCl. It was concluded that the D. revolvens biomass can be used as biosorbent for the treatment of wastewaters containing Hg(II) ions...
  76. Samecka Cymerman A, Stankiewicz A, Kolon K, Kempers A. Bioindication of trace metals in Brachythecium rutabulum around a copper smelter in Legnica (Southwest Poland): Use of a new form of data presentation in the form of a self-organizing feature map. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;56:717-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The SOFMs accurately represented the least polluted, moderately polluted and severely polluted sites, reflecting the distribution of metals that is typical of the smelter area, caused by the prevailing westerly and northerly winds...
  77. Fiz Palacios O, Schneider H, Heinrichs J, Savolainen V. Diversification of land plants: insights from a family-level phylogenetic analysis. BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:341 pubmed publisher
    ..We also compared these diversification profiles against the distribution of the climate modes of the Phanerozoic...
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    ..As proved by the European Metals in Mosses Surveys, this tendency is due to successful environmental policies. But no such success could be verified by monitoring the accumulation of N in mosses...