chlorella vulgaris

Summary

Summary: A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).

Top Publications

  1. Silva A, Figueiredo S, Sales M, Delerue Matos C. Ecotoxicity tests using the green algae Chlorella vulgaris--a useful tool in hazardous effluents management. J Hazard Mater. 2009;167:179-85 pubmed publisher
    The treatment efficiency of laboratory wastewaters was evaluated and ecotoxicity tests with Chlorella vulgaris were performed on them to assess the safety of their environmental discharge...
  2. Liang Y, Sarkany N, Cui Y. Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under autotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic growth conditions. Biotechnol Lett. 2009;31:1043-9 pubmed publisher
    Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under different growth conditions were investigated...
  3. Chen C, Yeh K, Su H, Lo Y, Chen W, Chang J. Strategies to enhance cell growth and achieve high-level oil production of a Chlorella vulgaris isolate. Biotechnol Prog. 2010;26:679-86 pubmed publisher
    The autotrophic growth of an oil-rich indigenous microalgal isolate, identified as Chlorella vulgaris C--C, was promoted by using engineering strategies to obtain the microalgal oil for biodiesel synthesis...
  4. Qian H, Li J, Pan X, Sun Z, Ye C, Jin G, et al. Effects of streptomycin on growth of algae Chlorella vulgaris and Microcystis aeruginosa. Environ Toxicol. 2012;27:229-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The EC50 of streptomycin in Microcystis aeruginosa and Chlorella vulgaris were 0.28 and 20.08 mg L(-1) , respectively...
  5. Huang Z, Li L, Huang G, Yan Q, Shi B, Xu X. Growth-inhibitory and metal-binding proteins in Chlorella vulgaris exposed to cadmium or zinc. Aquat Toxicol. 2009;91:54-61 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there have been few studies on metallothionein (MT) synthesis in Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) exposed to heavy metals. The present study describes the growth inhibition of C...
  6. Yusof Y, Saad S, Makpol S, Shamaan N, Ngah W. Hot water extract of Chlorella vulgaris induced DNA damage and apoptosis. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2010;65:1371-7 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to determine the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of hot water extracts of Chlorella vulgaris on hepatoma cell line HepG2...
  7. Simmons D, Hayward A, Hutchinson T, Emery R. Identification and quantification of glutathione and phytochelatins from Chlorella vulgaris by RP-HPLC ESI-MS/MS and oxygen-free extraction. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2009;395:809-17 pubmed publisher
    ..The method adjustments were simple and cost-effective and allowed phytochelatin analyses to be performed for hours at a time with minimal auto-oxidation. ..
  8. Qian H, Li J, Sun L, Chen W, Sheng G, Liu W, et al. Combined effect of copper and cadmium on Chlorella vulgaris growth and photosynthesis-related gene transcription. Aquat Toxicol. 2009;94:56-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris was tested to assess their toxicities in freshwater contaminated by the metal compounds of copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd), both singly and combined. Exposure to 0.5 and 1.5 microM Cu or 1.0 and 2...
  9. Lee H, Kim M. Effect of Chlorella vulgaris on glucose metabolism in Wistar rats fed high fat diet. J Med Food. 2009;12:1029-37 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Chlorella vulgaris on glucose metabolism in rats fed a high fat diet...

More Information

Publications78

  1. Ramos A, Torello C, Queiroz M. Chlorella vulgaris modulates immunomyelopoietic activity and enhances the resistance of tumor-bearing mice. Nutr Cancer. 2010;62:1170-80 pubmed publisher
    We studied the effects of Chlorella vulgaris (CV) on the interaction between stromal and hematopoietic stem cells in normal and Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT)-bearing mice...
  2. Cheirsilp B, Suwannarat W, Niyomdecha R. Mixed culture of oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula glutinis and microalga Chlorella vulgaris for lipid production from industrial wastes and its use as biodiesel feedstock. N Biotechnol. 2011;28:362-8 pubmed publisher
    A mixed culture of oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula glutinis and microalga Chlorella vulgaris was performed to enhance lipid production from industrial wastes...
  3. Cha T, Yee W, Aziz A. Assessment of factors affecting Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of the unicellular green alga, Chlorella vulgaris. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;28:1771-9 pubmed publisher
    ..parameters known to influence the efficacy of Agrobacterium T-DNA transfer in the unicellular microalga Chlorella vulgaris (UMT-M1) are reported...
  4. Queiroz J, Torello C, Palermo Neto J, Valadares M, Queiroz M. Hematopoietic response of rats exposed to the impact of an acute psychophysiological stressor on responsiveness to an in vivo challenge with Listeria monocytogenes: modulation by Chlorella vulgaris prophylactic treatment. Brain Behav Immun. 2008;22:1056-65 pubmed publisher
    ..All together, our results suggest Chlorella treatment as an effective tool for the prophylaxis of post-stress myelossupression, including the detrimental effect of stress on the course and outcome of infections. ..
  5. Lv J, Cheng L, Xu X, Zhang L, Chen H. Enhanced lipid production of Chlorella vulgaris by adjustment of cultivation conditions. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:6797-804 pubmed publisher
    ..CO(2) concentration and irradiance on the cell growth, chlorophyll a content and lipid accumulation of Chlorella vulgaris were systematically investigated in a membrane sparged photobioreactor...
  6. Lu Y, Chi X, Li Z, Yang Q, Li F, Liu S, et al. Isolation and characterization of a stress-dependent plastidial delta12 fatty acid desaturase from the Antarctic microalga Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7. Lipids. 2010;45:179-87 pubmed publisher
    ..changing physicochemical conditions and high amount of Delta(12)-unsaturated fatty acids of the Antarctic Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7 prompted us to speculate about the involvement of Delta(12)-fatty acid desaturases (FAD) in its ..
  7. Ueda H, Otsuka S, Senoo K. Bacterial communities constructed in artificial consortia of bacteria and Chlorella vulgaris. Microbes Environ. 2010;25:36-40 pubmed
    We established artificial consortia of bacteria inoculated from soil and a green alga, Chlorella vulgaris NIES-227...
  8. Nguyen Ngoc H, Tran Minh C. Fluorescent biosensor using whole cells in an inorganic translucent matrix. Anal Chim Acta. 2007;583:161-5 pubmed
    ..The biosensor uses Chlorella vulgaris immobilized in a translucent support produced from sol-gel technology...
  9. Aliahmat N, Noor M, Yusof W, Makpol S, Ngah W, Yusof Y. Antioxidant enzyme activity and malondialdehyde levels can be modulated by Piper betle, tocotrienol rich fraction and Chlorella vulgaris in aging C57BL/6 mice. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012;67:1447-54 pubmed
    ..catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and plasma malondialdehyde levels in aging mice and to evaluate how these measures are modulated by potential antioxidants, including the tocotrienol-rich fraction, Piper betle, and Chlorella vulgaris.
  10. Wang W, Zhou W, Liu J, Li Y, Zhang Y. Biodiesel production from hydrolysate of Cyperus esculentus waste by Chlorella vulgaris. Bioresour Technol. 2013;136:24-9 pubmed publisher
    ..from oil industry, Cyperus esculentus waste, was used as the carbon source of the oleaginous microalgae Chlorella vulgaris. It demonstrated that C. vulgaris grew better in C...
  11. Feng Y, Li C, Zhang D. Lipid production of Chlorella vulgaris cultured in artificial wastewater medium. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:101-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris was used to study algal lipid production with wastewater treatment. Artificial wastewater was used to cultivate C...
  12. Schwab F, Bucheli T, Camenzuli L, Magrez A, Knauer K, Sigg L, et al. Diuron sorbed to carbon nanotubes exhibits enhanced toxicity to Chlorella vulgaris. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47:7012-9 pubmed publisher
    ..quantified the effects of the herbicide diuron on the photosynthetic activity of the green alga Chlorella vulgaris in presence of different multiwalled CNT (industrial, purified, pristine, and oxidized) or soot...
  13. Mohd Azamai E, Sulaiman S, Mohd Habib S, Looi M, Das S, Abdul Hamid N, et al. Chlorella vulgaris triggers apoptosis in hepatocarcinogenesis-induced rats. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2009;10:14-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris (CV) has been reported to have antioxidant and anticancer properties. We evaluated the effect of CV on apoptotic regulator protein expression in liver cancer-induced rats...
  14. Shim J, Shin H, Han J, Park H, Lim B, Chung K, et al. Protective effects of Chlorella vulgaris on liver toxicity in cadmium-administered rats. J Med Food. 2008;11:479-85 pubmed publisher
    The biochemical mechanisms of Chlorella vulgaris protection against cadmium (Cd)-induced liver toxicity were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats (5 weeks of age, weighing 90-110 g)...
  15. Hadjoudja S, Deluchat V, Baudu M. Cell surface characterisation of Microcystis aeruginosa and Chlorella vulgaris. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2010;342:293-9 pubmed publisher
    ..aeruginosa, a picocyanobacteria, is more sensitive to copper than the other phytoplanktonic species such as Chlorella vulgaris a chlorophycea...
  16. Ward A, Kumar M. Bio-conversion rate and optimum harvest intervals for Moina australiensis using digested piggery effluent and Chlorella vulgaris as a food source. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:2210-6 pubmed publisher
    The bio-conversion rate of Moina australiensis fed with Chlorella vulgaris grown on digested piggery effluent at three different feeding rates was determined and a 2, 3 and 4-day harvest interval strategy was investigated...
  17. Queiroz M, Torello C, Perhs S, Rocha M, Bechara E, Morgano M, et al. Chlorella vulgaris up-modulation of myelossupression induced by lead: the role of stromal cells. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:3147-54 pubmed publisher
    In this study, Chlorella vulgaris (CV) was examined for its chelating effects on the ability of bone marrow stromal cell layer to display myeloid progenitor cells in vitro in lead-exposed mice, using the long-term bone marrow culture (..
  18. Tran D, Yeh K, Chen C, Chang J. Enzymatic transesterification of microalgal oil from Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 for biodiesel synthesis using immobilized Burkholderia lipase. Bioresour Technol. 2012;108:119-27 pubmed publisher
    An indigenous microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 grown in an outdoor tubular photobioreactor with CO(2) aeration obtained a high oil content of up to 63.2%...
  19. Münkel R, Schmid Staiger U, Werner A, Hirth T. Optimization of outdoor cultivation in flat panel airlift reactors for lipid production by Chlorella vulgaris. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2013;110:2882-93 pubmed publisher
    ..A lipid production process with the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris (SAG 211-12), under nitrogen and phosphorous deprivation, was established and evaluated in regard to the ..
  20. Song S, Kim I, Nam T. Effect of a hot water extract of Chlorella vulgaris on proliferation of IEC-6 cells. Int J Mol Med. 2012;29:741-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris, a unicellular microalgae, exerts various biological effects; however their effect on proliferation signaling pathways in normal cells has not been studied...
  21. Liang Z, Ge F, Zeng H, Xu Y, Peng F, Wong M. Influence of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide on nutrient uptake and cell responses of Chlorella vulgaris. Aquat Toxicol. 2013;138-139:81-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the uptake of ammonia nitrogen (NH??) and total phosphorus (TP) by a green alga (Chlorella vulgaris) and algal cell responses under the stress of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), a representative for ..
  22. Liu Z, Wang G, Zhou B. Effect of iron on growth and lipid accumulation in Chlorella vulgaris. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:4717-22 pubmed
    ..Effect of iron on growth and lipid accumulation in marine microalgae Chlorella vulgaris were investigated...
  23. Kodama Y, Fujishima M. Cycloheximide induces synchronous swelling of perialgal vacuoles enclosing symbiotic Chlorella vulgaris and digestion of the algae in the ciliate Paramecium bursaria. Protist. 2008;159:483-94 pubmed publisher
  24. Vijayavel K, Anbuselvam C, Balasubramanian M. Antioxidant effect of the marine algae Chlorella vulgaris against naphthalene-induced oxidative stress in the albino rats. Mol Cell Biochem. 2007;303:39-44 pubmed
    Alcoholic extract of the marine algae Chlorella vulgaris was examined for its free radical scavenging effect with reference to naphthalene-induced lipid peroxidation in serum, liver, and kidney of rats...
  25. Piotrowska Niczyporuk A, Bajguz A, Zambrzycka E, Godlewska Żyłkiewicz B. Phytohormones as regulators of heavy metal biosorption and toxicity in green alga Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorophyceae). Plant Physiol Biochem. 2012;52:52-65 pubmed publisher
    ..jasmonic acid (JA) as well as polyamine - spermidine (Spd) upon the growth and metabolism of green microalga Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorophyceae) exposed to heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Pb) stress...
  26. Gao Q, Tam N. Growth, photosynthesis and antioxidant responses of two microalgal species, Chlorella vulgaris and Selenastrum capricornutum, to nonylphenol stress. Chemosphere. 2011;82:346-54 pubmed publisher
    The effect of nonylphenol (NP) on growth, photochemistry and biochemistry of two green microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Selenanstrum capricornutum, and their ability to degrade NP were compared. The 96 h EC50 of C. vulgaris and S...
  27. An H, Rim H, Jeong H, Hong S, Um J, Kim H. Hot water extracts of Chlorella vulgaris improve immune function in protein-deficient weanling mice and immune cells. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2010;32:585-92 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hot water extracts of Chlorella vulgaris (CVE) on a deteriorated immune function through utilization of a protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) diet. Unicellular algae, C...
  28. Al Qunaibit M, Khalil M, Al Wassil A. The effect of solvents on metal ion adsorption by the alga Chlorella vulgaris. Chemosphere. 2005;60:412-8 pubmed
    The dead dried alga, Chlorella vulgaris, was used for metal ion sequestering. The uptake of each of Cu(II), Cd(II), Fe(III), and Sn(IV) from their aqueous solutions decreased upon reuse of the biomass...
  29. Qian H, Chen W, Sun L, Jin Y, Liu W, Fu Z. Inhibitory effects of paraquat on photosynthesis and the response to oxidative stress in Chlorella vulgaris. Ecotoxicology. 2009;18:537-43 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated the effects of paraquat, a widely used herbicide, on the aquatic unicellular alga Chlorella vulgaris through short-term toxicity tests at the physiological and gene transcriptional levels. Exposure to 0...
  30. Wang H, Zeng X, Guo S, Li Z. Effects of magnetic field on the antioxidant defense system of recirculation-cultured Chlorella vulgaris. Bioelectromagnetics. 2008;29:39-46 pubmed
    Little is known about the influence of magnetic fields (MF) on growth of microalgae such as Chlorella vulgaris, which has been consumed as health food for various nutritional and pharmacological effects...
  31. de Souza Queiroz J, Malacrida S, Justo G, Queiroz M. Myelopoietic response in mice exposed to acute cold/restraint stress: modulation by Chlorella vulgaris prophylactic treatment. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2004;26:455-67 pubmed
    ..No changes were observed in bone marrow, spleen and thymus total cell counts, and in relative organ weights. However, a 50% reduction in the body weight loss produced by the stress was observed in mice given the extract...
  32. Ou Yang H, Kong X, Lavoie M, He W, Qin N, He Q, et al. Photosynthetic and cellular toxicity of cadmium in Chlorella vulgaris. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2013;32:2762-70 pubmed publisher
    The toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) on the green alga Chlorella vulgaris were investigated by following the response to Cd of various toxicity endpoints (cell growth, cell size, photochemical efficiency of PSII in the light or ?(PSII), ..
  33. Bajguz A. Brassinosteroid enhanced the level of abscisic acid in Chlorella vulgaris subjected to short-term heat stress. J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:882-6 pubmed publisher
    ..to test the influence of exogenously applied 10nM brassinolide (BL) on the abscisic acid (ABA) content in Chlorella vulgaris cultures subjected to short-term (3h) heat stress (30-40 degrees C)...
  34. Hulatt C, Thomas D. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in microalgal photobioreactors: a potential loss in solar energy conversion?. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:8690-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A simple and inexpensive optical technique, based on chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) measurements, to monitor such losses in commercial PBRs is discussed...
  35. Campos A, Araujo P, Pinheiro C, Azevedo J, Osorio H, Vasconcelos V. Effects on growth, antioxidant enzyme activity and levels of extracellular proteins in the green alga Chlorella vulgaris exposed to crude cyanobacterial extracts and pure microcystin and cylindrospermopsin. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013;94:45-53 pubmed publisher
    ..of two cyanobacteria species, Aphanizomenon ovalisporum and Microcystis aeruginosa, to the green alga Chlorella vulgaris by assessing culture growth when exposed for three and seven days to (I) cyanobacterial cell extracts and (..
  36. Janczyk P, Halle B, Souffrant W. Microbial community composition of the crop and ceca contents of laying hens fed diets supplemented with Chlorella vulgaris. Poult Sci. 2009;88:2324-32 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Chlorella vulgaris, a naturally occurring green microalga, is believed to influence performance and health, including bird ..
  37. Umorin M, Lind O. Cell volume distribution dynamics of Chlorella vulgaris Beij. in batch cultures under continuous light. Biotechnol Lett. 2005;27:347-54 pubmed
    Cell volume distribution in Chlorella vulgaris cultures coming out of senescence was measured by flow cytometry every 6 h for 114 h in a full-factorial experiment with initial nitrate (420-4200 microg NO3-N l(-1)), phosphate (9-186 microg ..
  38. Cha K, Lee H, Koo S, Song D, Lee D, Pan C. Optimization of pressurized liquid extraction of carotenoids and chlorophylls from Chlorella vulgaris. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:793-7 pubmed publisher
    ..extraction (PLE) was applied to the extraction of carotenoids and chlorophylls from the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris. Four extraction techniques such as maceration (MAC), Soxhlet extraction (SOX), ultrasound assisted ..
  39. Santoyo S, Plaza M, Jaime L, Ibáñez E, Reglero G, Señoráns F. Pressurized liquid extraction as an alternative process to obtain antiviral agents from the edible microalga Chlorella vulgaris. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:8522-7 pubmed publisher
    ..of pressurized liquid extracts (PLE) (acetone, ethanol, and water) obtained from the edible microalga Chlorella vulgaris were evaluated against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)...
  40. He P, Mao B, Shen C, Shao L, Lee D, Chang J. Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris on wastewater containing high levels of ammonia for biodiesel production. Bioresour Technol. 2013;129:177-81 pubmed publisher
    The feasibility of cultivating Chlorella vulgaris with wastewater containing high ammonia nitrogen concentrations was examined. The average specific growth rate of C. vulgaris was 0.92 d(-1) at 17 mg L(-1) NH4+-N, but declined to 0...
  41. Aizzat O, Yap S, Sopiah H, Madiha M, Hazreen M, Shailah A, et al. Modulation of oxidative stress by Chlorella vulgaris in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats. Adv Med Sci. 2010;55:281-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris (CV), a fresh water alga has been reported to have hypoglycemic effects. However, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of CV in diabetic animals have not been investigated to date...
  42. Talebi A, Tohidfar M, Tabatabaei M, Bagheri A, Mohsenpor M, Mohtashami S. Genetic manipulation, a feasible tool to enhance unique characteristic of Chlorella vulgaris as a feedstock for biodiesel production. Mol Biol Rep. 2013;40:4421-8 pubmed publisher
    Developing a reliable technique to transform unicellular green algae, Chlorella vulgaris, could boost potentials of using microalgae feedstock in variety of applications such as biodiesel production...
  43. Regaldo L, Gagneten A, Troiani H. Accumulation of chromium and interaction with other elements in Chlorella vulgaris (Cloroficeae) and Daphnia magna (Crustacea, Cladocera). J Environ Biol. 2009;30:213-6 pubmed
    Assays with Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck Novakova, 1890 and Daphnia magna Straus, 1820 were performed to determine Cr and other elements concentration in tissues of both species by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), after ..
  44. Simmons D, Emery R. Phytochelatin induction by selenate in Chlorella vulgaris, and regulation of effect by sulfate levels. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2011;30:469-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, the interaction of selenate and sulfate was investigated with respect to the induction of PCs. Chlorella vulgaris was cultured in media with either low (31.2 µM) or high (312 µM) concentrations of sulfate...
  45. Cui L, Leebens Mack J, Wang L, Tang J, Rymarquis L, Stern D, et al. Adaptive evolution of chloroplast genome structure inferred using a parametric bootstrap approach. BMC Evol Biol. 2006;6:13 pubmed
  46. Gong N, Shao K, Feng W, Lin Z, Liang C, Sun Y. Biotoxicity of nickel oxide nanoparticles and bio-remediation by microalgae Chlorella vulgaris. Chemosphere. 2011;83:510-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, marine algae have the potential for usage in nano-pollution bio-remediation in aquatic system...
  47. Lu Y, Chi X, Yang Q, Li Z, Liu S, Gan Q, et al. Molecular cloning and stress-dependent expression of a gene encoding Delta(12)-fatty acid desaturase in the Antarctic microalga Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7. Extremophiles. 2009;13:875-84 pubmed publisher
    The psychrotrophic Antarctic alga, Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7, grows under an extreme environment of low temperature and high salinity...
  48. Guarnieri M, Nag A, Yang S, Pienkos P. Proteomic analysis of Chlorella vulgaris: potential targets for enhanced lipid accumulation. J Proteomics. 2013;93:245-53 pubmed publisher
    ..out to examine these mechanisms and identify novel strain-engineering targets in the oleaginous microalga, Chlorella vulgaris. Comparative shotgun proteomic analyses have identified a number of novel targets, including previously ..
  49. Zheng H, Yin J, Gao Z, Huang H, Ji X, Dou C. Disruption of Chlorella vulgaris cells for the release of biodiesel-producing lipids: a comparison of grinding, ultrasonication, bead milling, enzymatic lysis, and microwaves. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2011;164:1215-24 pubmed publisher
    A comparative evaluation of different cell disruption methods for the release of lipids from marine Chlorella vulgaris cells was investigated. The cell growth of C. vulgaris was observed...
  50. Mohamed Z. Polysaccharides as a protective response against microcystin-induced oxidative stress in Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus quadricauda and their possible significance in the aquatic ecosystem. Ecotoxicology. 2008;17:504-16 pubmed publisher
    ..the present study aimed to investigate the possible adaptive response of two representatives of green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus quadricauda to these toxins...
  51. Chu F, Chu P, Cai P, Li W, Lam P, Zeng R. Phosphorus plays an important role in enhancing biodiesel productivity of Chlorella vulgaris under nitrogen deficiency. Bioresour Technol. 2013;134:341-6 pubmed publisher
    ..possessing different nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations or their combination were prepared to culture Chlorella vulgaris. It was found that biomass production under nitrogen deficient condition with sufficient phosphorus supply ..
  52. Bajguz A. Isolation and characterization of brassinosteroids from algal cultures of Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck (Trebouxiophyceae). J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:1946-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, BRs were isolated and identified in the culture of wild-type Chlorella vulgaris. Seven BRs, including teasterone, typhasterol, 6-deoxoteasterone, 6-deoxotyphasterol, 6-deoxocastasterone, ..
  53. Vogel M, Gunther A, Rossberg A, Li B, Bernhard G, Raff J. Biosorption of U(VI) by the green algae Chlorella vulgaris in dependence of pH value and cell activity. Sci Total Environ. 2010;409:384-95 pubmed publisher
    Biosorption of uranium(VI) by the green alga Chlorella vulgaris was studied at varying uranium concentrations from 5 ?M to 1mM, and in the environmentally relevant pH range of 4.4 to 7.0. Living cells bind in a 0...
  54. Lee J, Cho D, Ramanan R, Kim B, Oh H, Kim H. Microalgae-associated bacteria play a key role in the flocculation of Chlorella vulgaris. Bioresour Technol. 2013;131:195-201 pubmed publisher
    ..A flocculating activity of 94% was achieved with xenic Chlorella vulgaris culture as compared to 2% achieved with axenic culture...
  55. Niu Y, Zhang M, Xie W, Li J, Gao Y, Yang W, et al. A new inducible expression system in a transformed green alga, Chlorella vulgaris. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:3427-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Phaeodactylum tricornutum and used them for optimization of a transformation system of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris. This species has been used for food production and is a promising candidate as a bioreactor for large-..
  56. Qian H, Daniel Sheng G, Liu W, Lu Y, Liu Z, Fu Z. Inhibitory effects of atrazine on Chlorella vulgaris as assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2008;27:182-7 pubmed
    ..In the present study, the aquatic alga Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck was chosen to assess the acute toxicity of atrazine (48-96 h) in terms of gene transcription and ..
  57. Nguyen Ngoc H, Durrieu C, Tran Minh C. Synchronous-scan fluorescence of algal cells for toxicity assessment of heavy metals and herbicides. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2009;72:316-20 pubmed publisher
    Synchronous-scan spectrofluorometry was applied to Chlorella vulgaris cells to assess the toxicity of heavy metals and herbicides in water...
  58. Lim S, Chu W, Phang S. Use of Chlorella vulgaris for bioremediation of textile wastewater. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:7314-22 pubmed publisher
    The potential application of Chlorella vulgaris UMACC 001 for bioremediation of textile wastewater (TW) was investigated using four batches of cultures in high rate algae ponds (HRAP) containing textile dye (Supranol Red 3BW) or TW...
  59. Bajguz A. Suppression of Chlorella vulgaris growth by cadmium, lead, and copper stress and its restoration by endogenous brassinolide. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2011;60:406-16 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to elaborate their roles in plants subjected to heavy metals stress, Chlorella vulgaris cultures treated with 10(-8) M brassinolide (BL) were exposed to 10(-6)-10(-4) M heavy metals (cadmium, lead ..
  60. Qian H, Xu X, Chen W, Jiang H, Jin Y, Liu W, et al. Allelochemical stress causes oxidative damage and inhibition of photosynthesis in Chlorella vulgaris. Chemosphere. 2009;75:368-75 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, an effective allelochemical on aquatic unicellular algae Chlorella vulgaris at physiological gene transcription level. Exposure to 2...
  61. Chen C, Lu Z, Ma X, Long J, Peng Y, Hu L, et al. Oxy-fuel combustion characteristics and kinetics of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris by thermogravimetric analysis. Bioresour Technol. 2013;144:563-71 pubmed publisher
    Oxy-fuel or O2/CO2 combustion technology was used to investigate the combustion of Chlorella vulgaris by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)...
  62. Bajguz A, Piotrowska Niczyporuk A. Synergistic effect of auxins and brassinosteroids on the growth and regulation of metabolite content in the green alga Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae). Plant Physiol Biochem. 2013;71:290-7 pubmed publisher
    ..acid, IPA) in the regulation of cell number, phytohormone level and metabolism in green alga Chlorella vulgaris were investigated. Exogenously applied auxins had the highest biological activity in algal cells at 50 ?M...
  63. Oukarroum A, Bras S, Perreault F, Popovic R. Inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles in two green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2012;78:80-5 pubmed publisher
    Freshwater microalga Chlorella vulgaris and marine microalga Dunaliella tertiolecta were used to investigate toxic effects induced by 50 nm silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)...
  64. Cha K, Kang S, Kim C, Um B, Na Y, Pan C. Effect of pressurized liquids on extraction of antioxidants from Chlorella vulgaris. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:4756-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorella vulgaris is a green microalga that contains various antioxidants, such as carotenoids and chlorophylls. In this study, antioxidants from C...
  65. Chinnasamy S, Ramakrishnan B, Bhatnagar A, Das K. Biomass production potential of a wastewater alga Chlorella vulgaris ARC 1 under elevated levels of CO?and temperature. Int J Mol Sci. 2009;10:518-32 pubmed publisher
    The growth response of Chlorella vulgaris was studied under varying concentrations of carbon dioxide (ranging from 0.036 to 20%) and temperature (30, 40 and 50 degrees C)...
  66. Xia B, Liu K, Gong Z, Zheng B, Zhang X, Fan B. Rapid toxicity prediction of organic chemicals to Chlorella vulgaris using quantitative structure-activity relationships methods. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2009;72:787-94 pubmed publisher
    ..on the toxicity of 91 aliphatic and aromatic compounds as well as a small subset of pesticides to algae Chlorella vulgaris, which was accomplished by using quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR)...
  67. Kodama Y, Nakahara M, Fujishima M. Symbiotic alga Chlorella vulgaris of the ciliate Paramecium bursaria shows temporary resistance to host lysosomal enzymes during the early infection process. Protoplasma. 2007;230:61-7 pubmed
    ..These observations suggest that a few algae can acquire temporary resistance to host lysosomal enzymes in order to establish endosymbiosis without algal protein synthesis...
  68. Vandamme D, Foubert I, Fraeye I, Meesschaert B, Muylaert K. Flocculation of Chlorella vulgaris induced by high pH: role of magnesium and calcium and practical implications. Bioresour Technol. 2012;105:114-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we explore the potential of flocculation induced by high pH for harvesting Chlorella vulgaris. Our results demonstrate that flocculation can be induced by increasing medium pH to 11...
  69. Qian H, Chen W, Sheng G, Xu X, Liu W, Fu Z. Effects of glufosinate on antioxidant enzymes, subcellular structure, and gene expression in the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris. Aquat Toxicol. 2008;88:301-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, the aquatic unicellular alga Chlorella vulgaris was chosen to assess the effects of acute glufosinate toxicity...