Summary: Young plants produced at the completion of GERMINATION of SEEDS.

Top Publications

  1. Zhang F, Huang L, Wang W, Zhao X, Zhu L, Fu B, et al. Genome-wide gene expression profiling of introgressed indica rice alleles associated with seedling cold tolerance improvement in a japonica rice background. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:461 pubmed publisher
  2. Ke X, Zou W, Ren Y, Wang Z, Li J, Wu X, et al. Functional divergence of chloroplast Cpn60? subunits during Arabidopsis embryo development. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1007036 pubmed publisher
  3. Fricke E, Wright S. Measuring the demographic impact of conspecific negative density dependence. Oecologia. 2017;184:259-266 pubmed publisher
  4. Shandil R, Chakrabarti S, Singh B, Sharma S, Sundaresha S, Kaushik S, et al. Genotypic background of the recipient plant is crucial for conferring RB gene mediated late blight resistance in potato. BMC Genet. 2017;18:22 pubmed publisher
    ..High degree of resistance (<25% infection) was observed in KJ?×?SP951 derived seedlings (85.2%), whereas level of resistance in KB?×?SP951 (36.4% infection) derived seedlings was of low order...
  5. Kan C, Chung T, Wu H, Juo Y, Hsieh M. Exogenous glutamate rapidly induces the expression of genes involved in metabolism and defense responses in rice roots. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:186 pubmed publisher
    ..Exogenous glutamate could serve as a nitrogen nutrient to support the growth of rice seedlings, but it was not as effective as ammonium nitrate or glutamine...
  6. Jonczyk M, Sobkowiak A, Trzcinska Danielewicz J, Skoneczny M, Solecka D, Fronk J, et al. Global analysis of gene expression in maize leaves treated with low temperature. II. Combined effect of severe cold (8 °C) and circadian rhythm. Plant Mol Biol. 2017;95:279-302 pubmed publisher
    In maize seedlings, severe cold results in dysregulation of circadian pattern of gene expression causing profound modulation of transcription of genes related to photosynthesis and other key biological processes...
  7. Ferreira S, Senning M, Fischer Stettler M, Streb S, Ast M, Neuhaus H, et al. Simultaneous silencing of isoamylases ISA1, ISA2 and ISA3 by multi-target RNAi in potato tubers leads to decreased starch content and an early sprouting phenotype. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181444 pubmed publisher
    ..This observation links alterations in starch structure/degradation with developmental processes like meristem activation and sprout outgrowth in potato tubers. ..
  8. Ellis M, Cruz Jimenez D, Leandro L, Munkvold G. Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of Fungi in the Fusarium oxysporum Species Complex from Soybean Roots. Phytopathology. 2014;104:1329-39 pubmed publisher
    ..the genotype and phenotype of isolates within the FOSC recovered predominantly from soybean roots and seedlings. Sequence analyses of the translation elongation factor (tef1?) gene and the mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU),..
  9. Abbas M, Arshad M, Nisar N, Nisar J, Ghaffar A, Nazir A, et al. Muscilage characterization, biochemical and enzymatic activities of laser irradiated Lagenaria siceraria seedlings. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017;173:344-352 pubmed publisher
    ..e., seedlings mucilage, biochemical and enzymatic activities were studied. Laser treatment of L...

More Information


  1. Hatami M. Toxicity assessment of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on Cucurbita pepo L. under well-watered and water-stressed conditions. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:274-283 pubmed publisher
    ..However, seedlings germinated in MWCNTs-fortified media had significantly lower germination and growth attributes than those of ..
  2. Wang L, Dong Q, Zhu Q, Tang N, Jia S, Xi C, et al. Conformational Characteristics of Rice Hexokinase OsHXK7 as a Moonlighting Protein involved in Sugar Signalling and Metabolism. Protein J. 2017;36:249-256 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that OsHXK7 binding to Glc leads to a conformational change, that is likely essential for the function of OsHXK7 in Glc signalling and metabolism during plant growth and development. ..
  3. Loneman D, Peddicord L, Al Rashid A, Nikolau B, Lauter N, Yandeau Nelson M. A robust and efficient method for the extraction of plant extracellular surface lipids as applied to the analysis of silks and seedling leaves of maize. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180850 pubmed publisher
    ..Metabolite profiling of wildtype and glossy1 seedlings, which are impaired in surface lipid biosynthesis, demonstrated the ability of the preferred solvent to extract ..
  4. Zhang H, Ma Z, Yang H, Kong L. Determination of chlormequat and mepiquat residues and their dissipation rates in tomato cultivation matrices by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2017;1064:75-84 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this study provided a new potential method for detecting CQ and MQ in tomato cultivation matrices using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. ..
  5. Somtrakoon K, Chouychai W, Lee H. Comparing anthracene and fluorene degradation in anthracene and fluorene-contaminated soil by single and mixed plant cultivation. Int J Phytoremediation. 2014;16:415-28 pubmed
    ..The results show that co-cultivation of plants has merit in the phytoremediation of PAH-spiked soil. ..
  6. Waisi H, Janković B, Jankovic M, Nikolic B, Dimkić I, Lalević B, et al. New insights in dehydration stress behavior of two maize hybrids using advanced distributed reactivity model (DRM). Responses to the impact of 24-epibrassinolide. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179650 pubmed publisher
    ..Estimated distributed reactivity models indicate a dependence of reactivity on structural arrangements, due to present interactions between water molecules and chemical species within the plant. ..
  7. Takahashi W, Miura Y, Sasaki T, Takamizo T. Identification of a novel major locus for gray leaf spot resistance in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:303 pubmed publisher
    ..Heavily infected small seedlings die within a matter of days, and stands of the grasses are seriously damaged by the disease...
  8. Raviv B, Aghajanyan L, Granot G, Makover V, Frenkel O, Gutterman Y, et al. The dead seed coat functions as a long-term storage for active hydrolytic enzymes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181102 pubmed publisher
  9. van der Putten W. Introduced tree species released from negative soil biota. New Phytol. 2014;202:341-3 pubmed publisher
  10. Li W, Lacey R, Ye Y, Lu J, Yeh K, Xiao Y, et al. Triplin, a small molecule, reveals copper ion transport in ethylene signaling from ATX1 to RAN1. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006703 pubmed publisher
    ..a novel small molecule, triplin, which could cause a triple response phenotype on dark-grown Arabidopsis seedlings through ethylene signaling pathway. ran1-1 and ran1-2 are hypersensitive to triplin...
  11. Rojjanateeranaj P, Sangthong C, Prapagdee B. Enhanced cadmium phytoremediation of Glycine max L. through bioaugmentation of cadmium-resistant bacteria assisted by biostimulation. Chemosphere. 2017;185:764-771 pubmed publisher
    ..Pseudomonas sp. and Arthrobacter sp., to promote root elongation of Glycine max L. seedlings, soil cadmium solubility and cadmium phytoremediation in G. max L...
  12. Janousková M, Krak K, Vosatka M, Püschel D, Storchova H. Inoculation effects on root-colonizing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities spread beyond directly inoculated plants. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181525 pubmed publisher the inoculant and the inoculation-induced changes in AMF community composition spread into newly emerging seedlings that were not in direct contact with the introduced propagules...
  13. Zhang S, Kang H, Yang W. Climate change-induced water stress suppresses the regeneration of the critically endangered forest tree Nyssa yunnanensis. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182012 pubmed publisher
    ..40 MPa (experienced in December) had significantly inhibitory effects on seedling survival, and all seedlings perished at a soil water potential of -5.60 MPa (January). Laboratory experiments verified that N...
  14. Singh D, Singh C, Kumari S, Singh Tomar R, Karwa S, Singh R, et al. Discerning morpho-anatomical, physiological and molecular multiformity in cultivated and wild genotypes of lentil with reconciliation to salinity stress. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177465 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of cluster analysis and population structure the contrasting genotypes were grouped into different classes. These markers may further be tested to explore their potential in marker-assisted selection. ..
  15. Zhu F, Chen M, Ye N, Shi L, Ma K, Yang J, et al. Proteogenomic analysis reveals alternative splicing and translation as part of the abscisic acid response in Arabidopsis seedlings. Plant J. 2017;91:518-533 pubmed publisher
    ..The results enhance our understanding of AS and alternative translation mechanisms under normal conditions, and in response to ABA treatment...
  16. Ji L, Zhou P, Zhu Y, Liu F, Li R, Qiu Y. Proteomic Analysis of Rice Seedlings Under Cold Stress. Protein J. 2017;36:299-307 pubmed publisher
    Low temperature can greatly restrict the growth and development of rice. The rice seedlings show growth retardation, lamina wrap, and part of blade even died under the condition of low temperature...
  17. Li R, Tan H, Zhu Y, Zhang Y. The retention and distribution of parent, alkylated, and N/O/S-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the epidermal tissue of mangrove seedlings. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:135-142 pubmed publisher
    ..tissues showed distinctive toxic effects to root, while the retention and distribution of PAHs on mangrove seedlings poorly understood...
  18. Yang L, Zhang X, Zhang X, Wang J, Luo M, Yang M, et al. Identification and evaluation of resistance to powdery mildew and yellow rust in a wheat mapping population. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177905 pubmed publisher
    ..Interactions between the YR QTLs gave insights into the pathogen populations in the different locations as well as showing genetic interactions between these loci. ..
  19. Kazemi Oskuei B, Yin X, Hashiguchi A, Bandehagh A, Komatsu S. Proteomic analysis of soybean seedling leaf under waterlogging stress in a time-dependent manner. Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom. 2017;1865:1167-1177 pubmed publisher
    ..Attenuated photosynthesis by waterlogging stress in the leaf of soybean seedlings was indicated from proteomic results...
  20. Zafari S, Sharifi M, Mur L, Chashmi N. Favouring NO over H2O2 production will increase Pb tolerance in Prosopis farcta via altered primary metabolism. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:293-302 pubmed publisher
    ..ascorbate (Asc: as H2O2 scavenger) were given to hydroponically grown Prosopis farcta seedlings over a time course of 72h...
  21. Huh S, Cevik V, Ding P, Duxbury Z, Ma Y, Tomlinson L, et al. Protein-protein interactions in the RPS4/RRS1 immune receptor complex. PLoS Pathog. 2017;13:e1006376 pubmed publisher
  22. Dai L, Li P, Shang B, Liu S, Yang A, Wang Y, et al. Differential responses of peach (Prunus persica) seedlings to elevated ozone are related with leaf mass per area, antioxidant enzymes activity rather than stomatal conductance. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:380-388 pubmed publisher Beijing region and explore the possible eco-physiological response mechanisms, thirteen cultivars of peach seedlings were exposed to either charcoal-filtered air or elevated O3 (E-O3, non-filtered ambient ..
  23. Xiong B, Gu X, Qiu X, Dong Z, Ye S, Sun G, et al. Variability in CitXET expression and XET activity in Citrus cultivar Huangguogan seedlings with differed degrees of etiolation. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178973 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results revealed that the roots of etiolated seedlings (H-E) were longer than those of green seedlings (H-G). However, shoot length exhibited the opposite pattern...
  24. Zhou Y, Wang Y, Zhu X, Liu R, Xiang P, Chen J, et al. Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182654 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings also demonstrate that combination of multiple rhizobacterial strains needs to be considered in the seed coating for better management of plant nematodes. ..
  25. Saeed M, Brewer L, Johnston J, McGhie T, Gardiner S, Heyes J, et al. Genetic, metabolite and developmental determinism of fruit friction discolouration in pear. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:241 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we used 250 seedlings from two segregating populations (POP369 and POP356) derived from interspecific crosses between Asian (Pyrus ..
  26. Goddard R, Peraldi A, Ridout C, Nicholson P. Enhanced disease resistance caused by BRI1 mutation is conserved between Brachypodium distachyon and barley (Hordeum vulgare). Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:1095-106 pubmed publisher
    ..distachyon and the cereal crop barley and validates B. distachyon for undertaking model-to-crop translation studies of disease resistance. ..
  27. Xu Y, Yu W, Ma Q, Zhou H, Jiang C. Toxicity of sulfadiazine and copper and their interaction to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:250-256 pubmed publisher
    ..hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA), antioxidant enzyme activities of wheat seedlings and their accumulation...
  28. Lebrija Trejos E, Wright S, Hernandez A, Reich P. Does relatedness matter? Phylogenetic density-dependent survival of seedlings in a tropical forest. Ecology. 2014;95:940-51 pubmed
    ..We evaluated first-year survival of 35719 tropical forest seedlings of 222 species and 15 annual cohorts relative to the density of conspecific and heterospecific neighbors and the ..
  29. Lampei C, Metz J, Tielbörger K. Clinal population divergence in an adaptive parental environmental effect that adjusts seed banking. New Phytol. 2017;214:1230-1244 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide the first evidence for clinal variation in the relative strength of parental effects along environmental gradients. ..
  30. Xue W, Yan J, Zhao G, Jiang Y, Cheng J, Cattivelli L, et al. A major QTL on chromosome 7HS controls the response of barley seedling to salt stress in the Nure?×?Tremois population. BMC Genet. 2017;18:79 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, a novel and accurate phenotyping protocol was applied to characterize the response of seedlings to salt stress in two barley cultivars (Nure and Tremois) and their double-haploid population...
  31. Zhang H, Jiang Z, Qin R, Zhang H, Zou J, Jiang W, et al. Accumulation and cellular toxicity of aluminum in seedling of Pinus massoniana. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:264 pubmed publisher
    ..The data presented above can be also used as valuable and early markers in cellular changes induced by metals for the evaluation of metal contamination. ..
  32. Duran N, Savassa S, Lima R, de Almeida E, Linhares F, Van Gestel C, et al. X-ray Spectroscopy Uncovering the Effects of Cu Based Nanoparticle Concentration and Structure on Phaseolus vulgaris Germination and Seedling Development. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:7874-7884 pubmed publisher
    ..The higher surface reactivity of the 25 nm CuO nanoparticles might be responsible for its deleterious effects. The present study therefore highlights the importance of the nanoparticle structure for its physiological impacts. ..
  33. Ibáñez I, Katz D, Lee B. The contrasting effects of short-term climate change on the early recruitment of tree species. Oecologia. 2017;184:701-713 pubmed publisher
    ..It is only when we considered these three stages that we were able to assess likely changes in early recruitment under the predicted conditions. ..
  34. Ehrlén J, Raabová J, Dahlgren J. Flowering schedule in a perennial plant; life-history trade-offs, seed predation, and total offspring fitness. Ecology. 2015;96:2280-8 pubmed
    ..seeds from flowers on early terminal inflorescences had a higher germination rate and produced larger seedlings than seeds from flowers on late basal inflorescences...
  35. Kellner K, Swihart R. Simulation of oak early life history and interactions with disturbance via an individual-based model, SOEL. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179643 pubmed publisher
    ..Drought frequency had a powerful negative impact on both growth and survival for individual seedlings, which resulted in large reductions in both seedling and sapling density...
  36. Ortega A, Garrido I, Casimiro I, Espinosa F. Effects of antimony on redox activities and antioxidant defence systems in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) plants. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183991 pubmed publisher
    ..This oxidative stress affects both the phenolic and the ROS/RNS metabolic processes, which seems to implicate their involvement in the plant's defence and response to the stress. ..
  37. Wright A, Schnitzer S, Reich P. Living close to your neighbors: the importance of both competition and facilitation in plant communities. Ecology. 2014;95:2213-23 pubmed
    ..We planted three sizes of pine seedlings (Pinus strobus) into an herbaceous diversity experiment and measured pine growth every two weeks for two growing ..
  38. Liu Y, Li Y, Li L, Zhu Y, Liu J, Li G, et al. Attenuation of Sulfur Dioxide Damage to Wheat Seedlings by Co-exposure to Nitric Oxide. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:146-151 pubmed publisher
  39. Seidl M, Faino L, Shi Kunne X, van den Berg G, Bolton M, Thomma B. The Genome of the Saprophytic Fungus Verticillium tricorpus Reveals a Complex Effector Repertoire Resembling That of Its Pathogenic Relatives. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2015;28:362-73 pubmed publisher
    ..dahliae. In conclusion, we highlight the technical advances of a hybrid sequencing and assembly approach and show that the saprophyte V. tricorpus shares many hallmark features with the pathogen V. dahliae. ..
  40. Wonneberger R, Ficke A, Lillemo M. Mapping of quantitative trait loci associated with resistance to net form net blotch (Pyrenophora teres f. teres) in a doubled haploid Norwegian barley population. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175773 pubmed publisher
    ..The genetic markers associated with the QTL found in this study will benefit marker-assisted selection for resistance against net blotch. ..
  41. Li S, Leng Y, Shi R. Transcriptomic profiling provides molecular insights into hydrogen peroxide-induced adventitious rooting in mung bean seedlings. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:188 pubmed publisher
    ..expression and functional profiling during H2O2-induced adventitious rooting in mung bean seedlings. These results strengthen the current understanding of H2O2-induced adventitious rooting ..
  42. Burbank L, Roper M. OxyR and SoxR modulate the inducible oxidative stress response and are implicated during different stages of infection for the bacterial phytopathogen Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:479-90 pubmed publisher
    ..This demonstrates that both SoxR and OxyR play an important role in virulence in the different niches that P. stewartii colonize during the infection process. ..
  43. Shi W, Bloomberg M, Li G, Su S, Jia L. Combined effects of cotyledon excision and nursery fertilization on root growth, nutrient status and outplanting performance of Quercus variabilis container seedlings. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177002 pubmed publisher
    ..However, studies of combined effects of cotyledon excision and nursery fertilization on container seedlings are lacking, especially for seedling root growth and outplanting performance...
  44. Zhou C, Huang M, Ren H, Yu J, Wu J, Ma X. Bioaccumulation and detoxification mechanisms for lead uptake identified in Rhus chinensis Mill. seedlings. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:59-68 pubmed publisher lead (Pb). The effects of exposing R. chinensis Mill seedlings to increasing Pb concentrations (0, 250, 500, 100mgkg-1) in the soil were assessed by measuring Pb accumulation, ..
  45. Gamm M, Peviani A, Honsel A, Snel B, Smeekens S, Hanson J. Increased sucrose levels mediate selective mRNA translation in Arabidopsis. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:306 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, sucrose was applied to Arabidopsis seedlings kept in the light or in the dark, in order to distinguish sucrose and light effects on transcription and ..
  46. Qi W, Tinnenbroek Capel I, Schaart J, Huang B, Cheng J, Visser R, et al. Regeneration and transformation of Crambe abyssinica. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:235 pubmed publisher
    ..Different explant types from crambe seedlings were tested for shoot regeneration using different hormone-combinations...
  47. Bignell D, Francis I, Fyans J, Loria R. Thaxtomin A production and virulence are controlled by several bld gene global regulators in Streptomyces scabies. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:875-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, all of the mutants displayed reduced expression of other known or predicted virulence genes, suggesting that the bld genes may function as global regulators of virulence gene expression in S. scabies. ..
  48. Jiang Z, Hu Y, Jiang H, Tong J. Design and force analysis of end-effector for plug seedling transplanter. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180229 pubmed publisher
    ..End-effector development is a key technology for transplanting plug seedlings. Most existing end-effectors have problems with holding root plugs or releasing plugs...
  49. Urva -, Shafique H, Jamil Y, Haq Z, Mujahid T, Khan A, et al. Low power continuous wave-laser seed irradiation effect on Moringa oleifera germination, seedling growth and biochemical attributes. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017;170:314-323 pubmed publisher
    ..The seedling growth and biochemical attributes were evaluated from 10-day-old seedlings. The germination parameters (percentage, mean germination time), vigor index, seedling growth (root length, ..
  50. Lin L, Liao M, Lv X, Liang D, Xia H, Wang J, et al. Addition of straw from hyperaccumulator plants to cadmium-contaminated soil increases cadmium uptake by loquat seedlings. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:217 pubmed publisher
    ..photeinocarpum) was added to Cd-contaminated soil, and its effects on plant growth and Cd accumulation in loquat seedlings were evaluated. Straw from each of G. parviflora, Y. erythrocarpa, and S...
  51. Guo P, Qi Y, Yang L, Ye X, Jiang H, Huang J, et al. cDNA-AFLP analysis reveals the adaptive responses of citrus to long-term boron-toxicity. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:284 pubmed publisher
    Boron (B)-toxicity is an important disorder in agricultural regions across the world. Seedlings of 'Sour pummelo' (Citrus grandis) and 'Xuegan' (Citrus sinensis) were fertigated every other day until drip with 10 μM (control) or 400 Î..
  52. Holtkotte X, Ponnu J, Ahmad M, Hoecker U. The blue light-induced interaction of cryptochrome 1 with COP1 requires SPA proteins during Arabidopsis light signaling. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1007044 pubmed publisher
    ..our in vivo co-immunoprecipitation experiments suggest that CRY1 and CRY2 form a complex with COP1 only after seedlings were exposed to blue light. No association between COP1 and CRY1 or CRY2 was observed in dark-grown seedlings...
  53. Deng Q, Luo X, Chen Y, Zhou Y, Zhang F, Hu B, et al. Transcriptome analysis of phosphorus stress responsiveness in the seedlings of Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.). Biol Res. 2018;51:7 pubmed publisher
    ..were constructed from the leaf and root tissues of phosphorus stressed and untreated Dongxiang wild rice seedlings, and transcriptome sequencing was performed with the goal of elucidating the molecular mechanisms involved in ..