tritrichomonas foetus

Summary

Summary: A species of flagellate parasitic EUKARYOTE. It possesses a long undulating membrane that is bordered on its outer margin by a flagellum that becomes free posteriorly. This organism causes infections in cows that could lead to temporary infertility or abortion.

Top Publications

  1. Stockdale H, Rodning S, Givens M, Carpenter D, Lenz S, Spencer J, et al. Experimental infection of cattle with a feline isolate of Tritrichomonas foetus. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1429-34 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is the causative agent of bovine trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease in cattle that can result in large profit losses for cattle producers. Increasing reports have suggested that T...
  2. Rhyan J, Wilson K, Wagner B, Anderson M, BonDurant R, Burgess D, et al. Demonstration of Tritrichomonas foetus in the external genitalia and of specific antibodies in preputial secretions of naturally infected bulls. Vet Pathol. 1999;36:406-11 pubmed
    Portions of penis and prepuce were collected from 24 bulls with current or recent Tritrichomonas foetus infection. Epididymides were collected from seven of the bulls, and seminal vesicles and prostate were collected from four...
  3. Whitby F, Luecke H, Kuhn P, Somoza J, Huete Perez J, Phillips J, et al. Crystal structure of Tritrichomonas foetus inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase and the enzyme-product complex. Biochemistry. 1997;36:10666-74 pubmed
    ..We have determined the crystal structures of IMPDH from the protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus in the apo form at 2.3 A resolution and the enzyme-XMP complex at 2.6 A resolution...
  4. Sutak R, Tachezy J, Kulda J, Hrdy I. Pyruvate decarboxylase, the target for omeprazole in metronidazole-resistant and iron-restricted Tritrichomonas foetus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004;48:2185-9 pubmed
    ..of human peptic ulcer disease, inhibits the growth of the metronidazole-resistant bovine pathogen Tritrichomonas foetus in vitro (MIC at which the growth of parasite cultures is inhibited by 50%, 22 microg/ml [63 microM])...
  5. Yao C. Diagnosis of Tritrichomonas foetus-infected bulls, an ultimate approach to eradicate bovine trichomoniasis in US cattle?. J Med Microbiol. 2013;62:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The core of these regulations consists of testing bulls and prohibiting importation of non-Tritrichomonas foetus-free bulls...
  6. Gan L, Petsko G, Hedstrom L. Crystal structure of a ternary complex of Tritrichomonas foetus inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase: NAD+ orients the active site loop for catalysis. Biochemistry. 2002;41:13309-17 pubmed
    ..basis of the drug selectivity, we solved the X-ray crystal structure of the catalytic core domain of Tritrichomonas foetus IMPDH in complex with IMP and beta-methylene-TAD at 2.2 A resolution...
  7. Rae D, Crews J. Tritrichomonas foetus. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2006;22:595-611 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a venereal disease of cattle that has a clear pattern of adverse reproductive sequela in the affected female, with a carrier state in the bull in which he shows no outward signs...
  8. Melo Braga M, da Rocha Azevedo B, Silva Filho F. Tritrichomonas foetus: the role played by iron during parasite interaction with epithelial cells. Exp Parasitol. 2003;105:111-20 pubmed
    The aim of this work was to investigate the role played by iron during interaction of Tritrichomonas foetus with cultured epithelial cells. We have observed that the growth rate of T...
  9. Stockdale H, Dillon A, Newton J, Bird R, BonDurant R, DeInnocentes P, et al. Experimental infection of cats (Felis catus) with Tritrichomonas foetus isolated from cattle. Vet Parasitol. 2008;154:156-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is recognized as the causative agent of venereal trichomoniasis in cattle...

More Information

Publications73

  1. Land K, Delgadillo M, Johnson P. In vivo expression of ferredoxin in a drug resistant trichomonad increases metronidazole susceptibility. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2002;121:153-7 pubmed
  2. LeVine D, Papich M, Gookin J, Davidson G, Davis J, Hayes R. Ronidazole pharmacokinetics after intravenous and oral immediate-release capsule administration in healthy cats. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:244-50 pubmed publisher
    Ronidazole (RDZ) is an effective treatment for feline Tritrichomonas foetus infection, but has produced neurotoxicity in some cats...
  3. Gookin J, Copple C, Papich M, Poore M, Stauffer S, Birkenheuer A, et al. Efficacy of ronidazole for treatment of feline Tritrichomonas foetus infection. J Vet Intern Med. 2006;20:536-43 pubmed
    To determine the efficacy of ronidazole (RDZ), tinidazole (TDZ), and metronidazole (MDZ) against Tritrichomonas foetus in vitro and of RDZ for treatment of feline naturally occurring or experimentally induced T. foetus infection.
  4. Yaeger M, Gookin J. Histologic features associated with tritrichomonas foetus-induced colitis in domestic cats. Vet Pathol. 2005;42:797-804 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a venereal pathogen of naturally bred cattle. In domestic cats, T. foetus colonizes the colon, resulting in chronic, large-bowel diarrhea...
  5. Dahlgren S, Gjerde B, Pettersen H. First record of natural Tritrichomonas foetus infection of the feline uterus. J Small Anim Pract. 2007;48:654-7 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus was found in the uterus of a cat with pyometra and in the faeces of three other cats in the same household, one of which had chronic diarrhoea. This is the first report of a feline uterine infection with T...
  6. Duboucher C, Caby S, Dufernez F, Chabé M, Gantois N, Delgado Viscogliosi P, et al. Molecular identification of Tritrichomonas foetus-like organisms as coinfecting agents of human Pneumocystis pneumonia. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:1165-8 pubmed
    Trichomonads closely related to the bovid parasite Tritrichomonas foetus were identified in the bronchoalveolar lavage sample from a patient with AIDS in association with Pneumocystis pneumonia. This human case of T...
  7. Lun Z, Chen X, Zhu X, Li X, Xie M. Are Tritrichomonas foetus and Tritrichomonas suis synonyms?. Trends Parasitol. 2005;21:122-5 pubmed
    Tritrichomonas suis, a tritrichomonad of pigs, and the related species Tritrichomonas foetus, a tritrichomonad of cattle, are morphologically identical...
  8. Gray S, Hunter S, Stone M, Gookin J. Assessment of reproductive tract disease in cats at risk for Tritrichomonas foetus infection. Am J Vet Res. 2010;71:76-81 pubmed publisher
    To determine whether Tritrichomonas foetus infection resides in reproductive tract tissues from cats housed for breeding and for which a high prevalence of colonic T foetus infection has been reported.
  9. Hale S, Norris J, Slapeta J. Prolonged resilience of Tritrichomonas foetus in cat faeces at ambient temperature. Vet Parasitol. 2009;166:60-5 pubmed publisher
    We have investigated the diagnostic utility of culture methods for Tritrichomonas foetus from cat faeces and the influence of faecal storage on the sensitivity of two different culture systems, InPouch TF-Feline (Bio-Med Diagnostics) and ..
  10. Payne P, Artzer M. The biology and control of Giardia spp and Tritrichomonas foetus. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009;39:993-1007, v pubmed publisher
    The biology and control of Giardia spp in dogs and cats, and Tritrichomonas foetus in cats is reviewed, including nomenclature, morphology, life cycle, epidemiology, pathogenic process, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and control, ..
  11. Huang K, Shin J, Huang P, Ku F, Lin W, Lin R, et al. Functional profiling of the Tritrichomonas foetus transcriptome and proteome. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2013;187:60-71 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a potent veterinary pathogen, causing bovine and feline trichomoniasis. The principal clinical manifestation of infection in cattle is inflammation of the genital tract and infertility...
  12. Land K, Clemens D, Johnson P. Loss of multiple hydrogenosomal proteins associated with organelle metabolism and high-level drug resistance in trichomonads. Exp Parasitol. 2001;97:102-10 pubmed
    ..biochemical analyses of enzyme activities of highly resistant strains of both Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus reveal undetectable activity for pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase and another hydrogenosomal enzyme, ..
  13. Tachezy J, Tachezy R, Hampl V, Sedinová M, Vanacova S, Vrlík M, et al. Cattle pathogen tritrichomonas foetus (Riedmüller, 1928) and pig commensal Tritrichomonas suis (Gruby & Delafond, 1843) belong to the same species. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2002;49:154-63 pubmed
    ..The case has been submitted to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature for ruling under its plenary power...
  14. Gookin J, Foster D, Poore M, Stebbins M, Levy M. Use of a commercially available culture system for diagnosis of Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003;222:1376-9 pubmed
    To evaluate the efficacy of and optimize a commercially available culture system for sensitive and specific in-clinic culture of Tritrichomonas foetus from cat feces.
  15. Levy M, Gookin J, Poore M, Birkenheuer A, Dykstra M, Litaker R. Tritrichomonas foetus and not Pentatrichomonas hominis is the etiologic agent of feline trichomonal diarrhea. J Parasitol. 2003;89:99-104 pubmed
  16. Burgener I, Frey C, Kook P, Gottstein B. [Tritrichomonas fetus: a new intestinal parasite in Swiss cats]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2009;151:383-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, T. fetus has to be considered an important causative agent of large bowel diarrhea in cats in Switzerland, especially in young indoor pedigree cats...
  17. Bissett S, Stone M, Malik R, Norris J, O Brien C, Mansfield C, et al. Observed occurrence of Tritrichomonas foetus and other enteric parasites in Australian cattery and shelter cats. J Feline Med Surg. 2009;11:803-7 pubmed publisher
    Cattery-housed pedigree cats, located mostly within the USA, have the highest reported prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus (T foetus) to date...
  18. Stockdale H, Givens M, Dykstra C, Blagburn B. Tritrichomonas foetus infections in surveyed pet cats. Vet Parasitol. 2009;160:13-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is the causative agent of feline trichomoniasis, a large-bowel disease resulting in chronic diarrhea. Feline trichomoniasis has been reported in cats of both pure and mixed breeds and in both males and females...
  19. Sutak R, Chamot C, Tachezy J, Camadro J, Lesuisse E. Siderophore and haem iron use by Tritrichomonas foetus. Microbiology. 2004;150:3979-87 pubmed
    The ability of the parasitic flagellate Tritrichomonas foetus to use various iron sources for its physiological requirements was studied...
  20. Pereira Neves A, Nascimento L, Benchimol M. Cytotoxic effects exerted by Tritrichomonas foetus pseudocysts. Protist. 2012;163:529-43 pubmed publisher
    The protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus displays a pear-shaped form and a pseudocyst stage. However, little is known about the biology of the pseudocyst...
  21. Benchimol M, Ribeiro K, Mariante R, Alderete J. Structure and division of the Golgi complex in Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus. Eur J Cell Biol. 2001;80:593-607 pubmed
    ..the fine structure and the division process of the Golgi complex in the protists Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus, parasites of the urogenital tract of humans and cattle, respectively...
  22. Mardell E, Sparkes A. Chronic diarrhoea associated with Tritrichomonas foetus infection in a British cat. Vet Rec. 2006;158:765-6 pubmed
  23. Kingsbury D, Marks S, Cave N, Grahn R. Identification of Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia spp. infection in pedigree show cats in New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 2010;58:6-10 pubmed publisher
    To establish the presence of Tritrichomonas foetus, to investigate the prevalence of co-infection with Giardia spp., and determine risk factors for T. foetus infection in pedigree show cats in New Zealand.
  24. Gookin J, Stauffer S, Coccaro M, Poore M, Levy M, Papich M. Efficacy of tinidazole for treatment of cats experimentally infected with Tritrichomonas foetus. Am J Vet Res. 2007;68:1085-8 pubmed
    To determine the efficacy of tinidazole for treatment of cats with experimentally induced Tritrichomonas foetus infection.
  25. Jesus J, Lopes A, Meyer Fernandes J. Characterization of an ecto-ATPase of Tritrichomonas foetus. Vet Parasitol. 2002;103:29-42 pubmed
    In this work, we describe the ability of living Tritrichomonas foetus to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. The addition of MgCl(2) to the assay medium increased the ecto-ATPase activity in a dose-dependent manner...
  26. Singh B, Hayes G, Lucas J, Beach D, Gilbert R. In vitro cytopathic effects of a cysteine protease of Tritrichomonas foetus on cultured bovine uterine epithelial cells. Am J Vet Res. 2005;66:1181-6 pubmed
    To evaluate the cytopathic effects of Tritrichomonas foetus and a purified cysteine protease (ie, CP30) of T foetus on cultured bovine uterine epithelial cells (BUECs) in vitro.
  27. Ribeiro K, Mariante R, Coutinho L, Benchimol M. Nucleus behavior during the closed mitosis of Tritrichomonas foetus. Biol Cell. 2002;94:289-301 pubmed
    We present observations on the fine structure and the division process of the nucleus in the protist Tritrichomonas foetus, parasite of the urogenital tract of cattle...
  28. Gookin J, Stebbins M, Hunt E, Burlone K, Fulton M, Hochel R, et al. Prevalence of and risk factors for feline Tritrichomonas foetus and giardia infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:2707-10 pubmed
    ..117 cats from 89 catteries at an international cat show to examine prevalence and risk factors for feline Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia infection. Prevalence of T...
  29. BonDurant R. Venereal diseases of cattle: natural history, diagnosis, and the role of vaccines in their control. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2005;21:383-408 pubmed
  30. Lim S, Park S, Ahn K, Oh D, Ryu J, Shin S. First report of feline intestinal trichomoniasis caused by Tritrichomonas foetus in Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2010;48:247-51 pubmed publisher
    Feline intestinal tritrichomoniasis by Tritrichomonas foetus was first recognized in USA in 1999 and has so far been reported from UK, Norway, Switzerland, and Australia, but not from the Far East Asian countries...
  31. Foster D, Gookin J, Poore M, Stebbins M, Levy M. Outcome of cats with diarrhea and Tritrichomonas foetus infection. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;225:888-92 pubmed
    To determine the long-term outcome of cats infected with Tritrichomonas foetus and identify treatment and management strategies influencing resolution of infection or associated diarrhea.
  32. Kulda J, Poislová M, Suchan P, Tachezy J. Iron enhancement of experimental infection of mice by Tritrichomonas foetus. Parasitol Res. 1999;85:692-9 pubmed
    ..involvement of similar mechanisms in an experimental infection of mice by a protozoan pathogen of cattle, Tritrichomonas foetus. In a series of experiments, outbred ICR mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with two strains of T...
  33. Reinmann K, Muller N, Kuhnert P, Campero C, Leitsch D, Hess M, et al. Tritrichomonas foetus isolates from cats and cattle show minor genetic differences in unrelated loci ITS-2 and EF-1?. Vet Parasitol. 2012;185:138-44 pubmed publisher
    The protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus is well known as an important causative agent of infertility and abortion in cattle (bovine trichomonosis). This World Organisation for Animal Health (O.I.E...
  34. Kuehner K, Marks S, Kass P, Sauter Louis C, Grahn R, Barutzki D, et al. Tritrichomonas foetus infection in purebred cats in Germany: prevalence of clinical signs and the role of co-infection with other enteroparasites. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:251-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infection and associated clinical signs in purebred cats in Germany, to investigate the role of co-infection, and identify determinants of infection...
  35. Bissett S, Gowan R, O Brien C, Stone M, Gookin J. Feline diarrhoea associated with Tritrichomonas cf. foetus and Giardia co-infection in an Australian cattery. Aust Vet J. 2008;86:440-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Pertinent information regarding the clinical features, diagnosis, therapy, and potential source of feline trichomoniasis within Australia are discussed...
  36. Gookin J, Stauffer S, Dybas D, Cannon D. Documentation of in vivo and in vitro aerobic resistance of feline Tritrichomonas foetus isolates to ronidazole. J Vet Intern Med. 2010;24:1003-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Metronidazole resistance of feline Tritrichomonas foetus is presumed because of common treatment failure, and tinidazole does not consistently eradicate infection...
  37. Bell E, Gowan R, Lingard A, McCoy R, Slapeta J, Malik R. Naturally occurring Tritrichomonas foetus infections in Australian cats: 38 cases. J Feline Med Surg. 2010;12:889-98 pubmed publisher
    ..a further 25 infected cats were obtained from a commercial laboratory offering a real-time PCR assay for Tritrichomonas foetus, and compared with findings from the 13 cats presenting to the contributing veterinary hospitals...
  38. Lucas J, Hayes G, Kalsi H, Gilbert R, Choe Y, Craik C, et al. Characterization of a cysteine protease from Tritrichomonas foetus that induces host-cell apoptosis. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008;477:239-43 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a serious veterinary pathogen, causing bovine trichomoniasis and affecting cattle herds world-wide, resulting in inflammation of the genital tract, infertility and huge economic losses...
  39. Gookin J, Birkenheuer A, Breitschwerdt E, Levy M. Single-tube nested PCR for detection of tritrichomonas foetus in feline feces. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:4126-30 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus, a venereal pathogen of cattle, was recently identified as an inhabitant of the large intestine in young domestic cats with chronic diarrhea...
  40. Gookin J, Stone M, Yaeger M, Meyerholz D, Moisan P. Fluorescence in situ hybridization for identification of Tritrichomonas foetus in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded histological specimens of intestinal trichomoniasis. Vet Parasitol. 2010;172:139-43 pubmed publisher
    In the present study a highly species-specific oligonucleotide sequence of Tritrichomonas foetus 18S rRNA was used to design an antisense probe for identification of T...
  41. Frey C, Schild M, Hemphill A, Stünzi P, Muller N, Gottstein B, et al. Intestinal Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cats in Switzerland detected by in vitro cultivation and PCR. Parasitol Res. 2009;104:783-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus, a parasite well known for its significance as venereally transmitted pathogen in cattle, has recently been identified as a cause of chronic large-bowel diarrhea in domestic cats in the US, UK, and, more recently, ..
  42. Gunn Moore D, McCann T, Reed N, Simpson K, Tennant B. Prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cats with diarrhoea in the UK. J Feline Med Surg. 2007;9:214-8 pubmed
    Faecal samples from 111 cats with diarrhoea that were living in the UK were submitted for the assessment of Tritrichomonas foetus infection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sixteen (14.4%) samples were found to be positive...
  43. Gookin J, Levy M, Law J, Papich M, Poore M, Breitschwerdt E. Experimental infection of cats with Tritrichomonas foetus. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62:1690-7 pubmed
    To determine whether infection with Tritrichomonas foetus causes diarrhea in specific-pathogen-free or Cryptosporidium coinfected cats.
  44. Bernasconi C, Bodmer M, Doherr M, Janett F, Thomann A, Spycher C, et al. Tritrichomonas foetus: prevalence study in naturally mating bulls in Switzerland. Vet Parasitol. 2014;200:289-94 pubmed publisher
    Switzerland is officially free from bovine Tritrichomonas foetus. While bulls used for artificial insemination (AI) are routinely examined for this pathogen, bulls engaged in natural mating, as well as aborted fetuses, are only very ..
  45. Sun Z, Stack C, Slapeta J. Sequence differences in the diagnostic region of the cysteine protease 8 gene of Tritrichomonas foetus parasites of cats and cattle. Vet Parasitol. 2012;186:445-9 pubmed publisher
    In order to investigate the genetic variation between Tritrichomonas foetus from bovine and feline origins, cysteine protease 8 (CP8) coding sequence was selected as the polymorphic DNA marker...
  46. Kania S, Reed S, Thomford J, BonDurant R, Hirata K, Corbeil R, et al. Degradation of bovine complement C3 by trichomonad extracellular proteinase. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2001;78:83-96 pubmed
    ..C3 concentration increased significantly in vaginal secretions by 8 and 10 weeks in heifers infected with Tritrichomonas foetus. An increase was also seen in uterine secretions of infected heifers, but sample numbers were insufficient ..
  47. Mardones F, Perez A, Martinez A, Carpenter T. Risk factors associated with Tritrichomonas foetus infection in beef herds in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Vet Parasitol. 2008;153:231-7 pubmed publisher
    ..6) were at significantly greater risk of being BT positive. This study provided information for future risk assessment and/or management plans for the prevention and control of BT in a region where the disease is considered to be endemic...
  48. Dufernez F, Walker R, Noël C, Caby S, Mantini C, Delgado Viscogliosi P, et al. Morphological and molecular identification of non-Tritrichomonas foetus trichomonad protozoa from the bovine preputial cavity. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2007;54:161-8 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is the causative agent of bovine trichomonosis. This protozoan is found in the preputial cavity of bulls and is transmitted to cows during coitus...
  49. Cobo E, Morsella C, Cano D, Cipolla A, Campero C. Immunization in heifers with dual vaccines containing Tritrichomonas foetus and Campylobacter fetus antigens using systemic and mucosal routes. Theriogenology. 2004;62:1367-82 pubmed
    ..20) received a commercial or experimental vaccine, respectively, containing both Campylobacter fetus and Tritrichomonas foetus antigens. Group 3 (n = 21) received adjuvant alone...
  50. Kulda J. Trichomonads, hydrogenosomes and drug resistance. Int J Parasitol. 1999;29:199-212 pubmed
    Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus are sexually transmitted pathogens of the genito-urinary tract of humans and cattle, respectively...
  51. Midlej V, Vilela R, Dias A, Benchimol M. Cytopathic effects of Tritrichomonas foetus on bovine oviduct cells. Vet Parasitol. 2009;165:216-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is an extracellular parasite of the reproductive tract in cattle. To investigate the cytopathic effects of T...
  52. Holliday M, Deni D, Gunn Moore D. Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cats with diarrhoea in a rescue colony in Italy. J Feline Med Surg. 2009;11:131-4 pubmed publisher
    ..large bowel diarrhoea that were living in a rescue colony in Italy, were submitted for assessment of Tritrichomonas foetus by direct microscopy of faecal smears (n=20) and T foetus-specific culture (n=74), with confirmation by ..
  53. Xenoulis P, Saridomichelakis M, Read S, Suchodolski J, Steiner J. Detection of Tritrichomonas foetus in cats in Greece. J Feline Med Surg. 2010;12:831-3 pubmed publisher
    Intestinal infection of cats with Tritrichomonas foetus has been reported in the USA, Canada, several European countries, and Australia. However, T foetus has not been previously reported in cats in Greece...
  54. Singh B, BonDurant R, Campero C, Corbeil L. Immunological and biochemical analysis of glycosylated surface antigens and lipophosphoglycan of Tritrichomonas foetus. J Parasitol. 2001;87:770-7 pubmed
    Immunoaffinity-purified TF1.17 adhesin antigen was compared biochemically and antigenically to Tritrichomonas foetus (TF) lipophosphoglycan (LPG) and a soluble glycosylated antigen (SGA) released from T...
  55. Mariante R, Guimarães C, Linden R, Benchimol M. Hydrogen peroxide induces caspase activation and programmed cell death in the amitochondrial Tritrichomonas foetus. Histochem Cell Biol. 2003;120:129-41 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is an amitochondrial parasite protist which lacks typical eukaryote organelles such as mitochondria and peroxisomes, but possesses the hydrogenosome, a double-membrane-bound organelle that produces ATP...
  56. Rae D, Crews J, Greiner E, Donovan G. Epidemiology of Tritrichomonas foetus in beef bull populations in Florida. Theriogenology. 2004;61:605-18 pubmed
    The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of herd and individual bull infection with Tritrichomonas foetus in a survey of beef bulls in the state of Florida and to perform an epidemiological investigation of risk ..
  57. Kucknoor A, Mundodi V, Alderete J. Heterologous expression in Tritrichomonas foetus of functional Trichomonas vaginalis AP65 adhesin. BMC Mol Biol. 2005;6:5 pubmed
    ..The bovine trichomonad, Tritrichomonas foetus, adheres poorly to human VECs...
  58. Prosise G, Wu J, Luecke H. Crystal structure of Tritrichomonas foetus inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase in complex with the inhibitor ribavirin monophosphate reveals a catalysis-dependent ion-binding site. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:50654-9 pubmed
    ..The high resolution crystal structures of the protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus IMPDH complexed with the inhibitor ribavirin monophosphate as well as monophosphate together with a second ..
  59. Singh B, Lucas J, Hayes G, Kumar I, Beach D, Frajblat M, et al. Tritrichomonas foetus induces apoptotic cell death in bovine vaginal epithelial cells. Infect Immun. 2004;72:4151-8 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a serious veterinary pathogen, causing bovine trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease leading to infertility and abortion. T. foetus infects the mucosal surfaces of the reproductive tract. Infection with T...
  60. Tolbert M, Gookin J. Tritrichomonas foetus: a new agent of feline diarrhea. Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2009;31:374-81, 390; quiz 381 pubmed
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a single-celled, flagellated protozoal parasite that colonizes the feline colon and distal ileum. Infected cats may be asymptomatic or may have clinical signs that include malodorous large bowel diarrhea. T...
  61. Guillen Schlippe Y, Hedstrom L. Guanidine derivatives rescue the Arg418Ala mutation of Tritrichomonas foetus IMP dehydrogenase. Biochemistry. 2005;44:16695-700 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that proton transfer from water to guanidine is almost complete in the transition state...
  62. van Doorn D, de Bruin M, Jorritsma R, Ploeger H, Schoormans A. [Prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus among Dutch cats]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2009;134:698-700 pubmed
    Prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus among Dutch cats The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for, Tritrichomonas foetus among cats in the Netherlands...
  63. Pereira Neves A, Campero C, Martinez A, Benchimol M. Identification of Tritrichomonas foetus pseudocysts in fresh preputial secretion samples from bulls. Vet Parasitol. 2011;175:1-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Tritrichomonas foetus is a serious veterinary pathogen that causes bovine trichomonosis, a sexually transmitted disease that eventually leads to abortion and infertility. T...
  64. Slapeta J, Craig S, McDonell D, Emery D. Tritrichomonas foetus from domestic cats and cattle are genetically distinct. Exp Parasitol. 2010;126:209-13 pubmed publisher
    The genetic relationship amongst Tritrichomonas foetus isolated from domestic cats and cattle was investigated by DNA sequencing of the internal transcribed region of the ribosomal DNA unit and the TR7/TR8 variable-length repeat...