trichomonas

Summary

Summary: A genus of parasitic flagellate EUKARYOTES distinguished by the presence of four anterior flagella, an undulating membrane, and a trailing flagellum.

Top Publications

  1. Gilbert R, Elia G, Beach D, Klaessig S, Singh B. Cytopathogenic effect of Trichomonas vaginalis on human vaginal epithelial cells cultured in vitro. Infect Immun. 2000;68:4200-6 pubmed
    ..study we established human vaginal epithelial cells (hVECs) in culture and evaluated their interaction with Trichomonas vaginalis parasites to complement previous studies using other cell types...
  2. Krautwald Junghanns M, Streubel R, Schmidt V, Richter A, Zumbusch H, Lohmann N, et al. [The compatibility of ronidazol in racing pigeons in a controlled clinical study]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2004;111:231-6 pubmed
    Ronidazol is often used in racing pigeons for the treatment of Trichomonas infections and diseases. Therefore, in this study, the compatibility of the drug was examined by oral application over 7 days...
  3. Gerhold R, Yabsley M, Smith A, Ostergaard E, Mannan W, Cann J, et al. Molecular characterization of the Trichomonas gallinae morphologic complex in the United States. J Parasitol. 2008;94:1335-41 pubmed publisher
    Forty-two Trichomonas gallinae isolates were molecularly characterized to determine whether isolates differed in genetic sequence of multiple gene targets depending on host species or geographical location. The 5...
  4. Pal D, Banerjee S, Cui J, Schwartz A, Ghosh S, Samuelson J. Giardia, Entamoeba, and Trichomonas enzymes activate metronidazole (nitroreductases) and inactivate metronidazole (nitroimidazole reductases). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009;53:458-64 pubmed publisher
    Infections with Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and Trichomonas vaginalis, which cause diarrhea, dysentery, and vaginitis, respectively, are each treated with metronidazole...
  5. McKeon T, Dunsmore J, Raidal S. Trichomonas gallinae in budgerigars and columbid birds in Perth, Western Australia. Aust Vet J. 1997;75:652-5 pubmed
    To estimate the prevalence of infection with Trichomonas gallinae and other parasites of the alimentary tract in psittacine and columbid birds in Perth and to determine in vitro the effectiveness of drugs commonly recommended for ..
  6. Munoz E, Castella J, Gutierrez J. In vivo and in vitro sensitivity of Trichomonas gallinae to some nitroimidazole drugs. Vet Parasitol. 1998;78:239-46 pubmed
    ..was carried out in order to establish the in vivo efficacy of two nitroimidazole drugs against the flagellate Trichomonas gallinae. The results obtained showed a high proportion of therapeutic failures...
  7. Gerbod D, Sanders E, Moriya S, Noël C, Takasu H, Fast N, et al. Molecular phylogenies of Parabasalia inferred from four protein genes and comparison with rRNA trees. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;31:572-80 pubmed
    ..e., species-specific) and not a problem for phylogeny reconstruction. Only for enolase are there more ancient duplications that may confound phylogenetic interpretation...
  8. Padilla L, Santiago Alarcon D, Merkel J, Miller R, Parker P. Survey for Haemoproteus spp., Trichomonas gallinae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Salmonella spp. in Galapagos Islands columbiformes. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004;35:60-4 pubmed
    ..were surveyed in several islands of the Galapagos archipelago to establish sample prevalence of hemoparasites, Trichomonas gallinae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Salmonella species. A Haemoproteus sp...
  9. Long S, Jirk M, Mach J, Ginger M, Sutak R, Richardson D, et al. Ancestral roles of eukaryotic frataxin: mitochondrial frataxin function and heterologous expression of hydrogenosomal Trichomonas homologues in trypanosomes. Mol Microbiol. 2008;69:94-109 pubmed publisher
    ..were ameliorated by expression of frataxin homologues from hydrogenosomes of another divergent protist Trichomonas vaginalis...

More Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. Amin A, Neubauer C, Liebhart D, Grabensteiner E, Hess M. Axenization and optimization of in vitro growth of clonal cultures of Tetratrichomonas gallinarum and Trichomonas gallinae. Exp Parasitol. 2010;124:202-8 pubmed publisher
    A rapid and simple procedure was established to obtain clonal axenic cultures of Tetratrichomonas gallinarum and Trichomonas gallinae and to optimize their in vitro growth conditions...
  2. Hersh S. Pulmonary trichomoniasis and Trichomonas tenax. J Med Microbiol. 1985;20:1-10 pubmed
    Pulmonary trichomoniasis is usually caused by aspirated Trichomonas tenax. Adult men with chronic purulent or necrotic pulmonary disease are usually affected. Sixty-eight patients were previously described...
  3. Felleisen R. Comparative sequence analysis of 5.8S rRNA genes and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of trichomonadid protozoa. Parasitology. 1997;115 ( Pt 2):111-9 pubmed
    ..Also, the corresponding regions of the trichomonads Trichomonas vaginalis, T. tenax, T. gallinae and Pentatrichomonas hominis were included in this study...
  4. Tjaden J, Haferkamp I, Boxma B, Tielens A, Huynen M, Hackstein J. A divergent ADP/ATP carrier in the hydrogenosomes of Trichomonas gallinae argues for an independent origin of these organelles. Mol Microbiol. 2004;51:1439-46 pubmed
    ..Notably, the hydrogenosomes of the parasitic anaerobic flagellate Trichomonas seemed to be deficient in mitochondrial-type AACs...
  5. Mahmoud M, Rahman G. Pulmonary trichomoniasis: improved diagnosis by using polymerase chain reaction targeting Trichomonas tenax 18S rRNA gene in sputum specimens. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2004;34:197-211 pubmed
    ..chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting species-specific region in 18 small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of Trichomonas tenax was used to examine sputum specimens in order to diagnose pulmonary trichomoniasis caused by T. tenax...
  6. Chiche L, Donati S, Corno G, Benoit S, Granier I, Chouraki M, et al. [Trichomonas tenax in pulmonary and pleural diseases]. Presse Med. 2005;34:1371-2 pubmed
    b>Trichomonas is a protozoan rarely incriminated in pulmonary or pleural disorders.
  7. Lal K, Noel C, Field M, Goulding D, Hirt R. Dramatic reorganisation of Trichomonas endomembranes during amoebal transformation: a possible role for G-proteins. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2006;148:99-102 pubmed
  8. Porcheret H, Maisonneuve L, Esteve V, Jagot J, Le Pennec M. [Pleural trichomoniasis due to trichomonas tenax]. Rev Mal Respir. 2002;19:97-9 pubmed
    Thoracic infections due to Trichomonas species often go unrecognised as they are seldom described in the literature. We describe a case that, to our knowledge, is the first reported case of empyema caused by this organism...
  9. Bunbury N, Jones C, Greenwood A, Bell D. Trichomonas gallinae in Mauritian columbids: implications for an endangered endemic. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:399-407 pubmed
    ..of other columbids in Mauritius might be playing as infectious reservoirs of the causal flagellate protozoan, Trichomonas gallinae...
  10. Sansano Maestre J, Garijo Toledo M, Gomez Munoz M. Prevalence and genotyping of Trichomonas gallinae in pigeons and birds of prey. Avian Pathol. 2009;38:201-7 pubmed publisher
    Avian trichomonosis is a world-wide parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trichomonas gallinae...
  11. Lawson B, Cunningham A, Chantrey J, Hughes L, John S, Bunbury N, et al. A clonal strain of Trichomonas gallinae is the aetiologic agent of an emerging avian epidemic disease. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:1638-45 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas gallinae is a protozoan parasite that is well characterised as a cause of trichomonosis in columbid and raptor species world-wide...
  12. Nielsen T, Pradhan P, Brittingham A, Wilson W. Glycogen accumulation and degradation by the trichomonads Trichomonas vaginalis and Trichomonas tenax. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2012;59:359-66 pubmed publisher
    ..content and glycogen phosphorylase activity that occur during in vitro growth of two trichomonad species: Trichomonas vaginalis and Trichomonas tenax...
  13. Seddiek S, El Shorbagy M, Khater H, Ali A. The antitrichomonal efficacy of garlic and metronidazole against Trichomonas gallinae infecting domestic pigeons. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:1319-29 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas gallinae is the causative agent of canker in pigeon. This work was carried out to investigate in the vitro and in vivo efficacy of aqueous water extract of garlic (AGE) on the growth of T...
  14. Tibayrenc M, Kjellberg F, Ayala F. A clonal theory of parasitic protozoa: the population structures of Entamoeba, Giardia, Leishmania, Naegleria, Plasmodium, Trichomonas, and Trypanosoma and their medical and taxonomical consequences. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990;87:2414-8 pubmed
    ..Uniparental reproduction renders unsatisfactory Linnean taxonomy; this needs to be supplemented by the "natural clone" as an additional taxonomic unit, which is best defined by means of genetic markers...
  15. El Kamel A, Rouetbi N, Chakroun M, Battikh M. Pulmonary eosinophilia due to Trichomonas tenax. Thorax. 1996;51:554-5 pubmed
    ..The bronchoalveolar fluid lavage contained a large number of Trichomonas tenax and an increased percentage of eosinophils. Corticosteroids provided a dramatic response...
  16. Yamamoto A, Hashimoto T, Asaga E, Hasegawa M, Goto N. Phylogenetic position of the mitochondrion-lacking protozoan Trichomonas tenax, based on amino acid sequences of elongation factors 1alpha and 2. J Mol Evol. 1997;44:98-105 pubmed
    Major parts of amino-acid-coding regions of elongation factor (EF)-1alpha and EF-2 in Trichomonas tenax were amplified by PCR from total genomic DNA and the products were cloned into a plasmid vector, pGEM-T...
  17. Mallat H, Podglajen I, Lavarde V, Mainardi J, Frappier J, Cornet M. Molecular characterization of Trichomonas tenax causing pulmonary infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:3886-7 pubmed
  18. Bunbury N, Bell D, Jones C, Greenwood A, Hunter P. Comparison of the InPouch TF culture system and wet-mount microscopy for diagnosis of Trichomonas gallinae infections in the pink pigeon Columba mayeri. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:1005-6 pubmed
  19. Duboucher C, Caby S, Chabé M, Gantois N, Delgado Viscogliosi P, Pierce R, et al. [Human pulmonary trichomonoses]. Presse Med. 2007;36:835-9 pubmed
    Colonization of human lungs by various Trichomonas species is a frequent occurrence, but is unknown to most physicians. At this site of infection, the parasite develops into an amoeboid form that renders it unrecognizable...
  20. Ghabanchi J, Zibaei M, Afkar M, Sarbazie A. Prevalence of oral Entamoeba gingivalis and Trichomonas tenax in patients with periodontal disease and healthy population in Shiraz, southern Iran. Indian J Dent Res. 2010;21:89-91 pubmed publisher
    It was shown that two parasites of Entamoeba gingivalis (E. gingivalis) and Trichomonas tenax (T. tenax) may be responsible for oral parasitic infection...
  21. González Díaz H, Prado Prado F, Garcia Mera X, Alonso N, Abeijón P, Caamaño O, et al. MIND-BEST: Web server for drugs and target discovery; design, synthesis, and assay of MAO-B inhibitors and theoretical-experimental study of G3PDH protein from Trichomonas gallinae. J Proteome Res. 2011;10:1698-718 pubmed publisher
    ..search, 3D structure modeling with LOMETS, and MIND-BEST prediction for different peptides as new protein of the found in the proteome of the bird parasite Trichomonas gallinae, which is promising for antiparasite drug targets discovery.
  22. Amin A, Nöbauer K, Patzl M, Berger E, Hess M, Bilic I. Cysteine peptidases, secreted by Trichomonas gallinae, are involved in the cytopathogenic effects on a permanent chicken liver cell culture. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37417 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas gallinae, the aetiological agent of avian trichomonosis, was shown to secrete soluble factors involved in cytopathogenic effect on a permanent chicken liver (LMH) cell culture...
  23. Kikuta N, Yamamoto A, Fukura K, Goto N. Specific and sensitive detection of Trichomonas tenax by the polymerase chain reaction. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1997;24:193-7 pubmed
    A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol was developed for specific detection of Trichomonas tenax by using a pair of primers designed for its 18S rRNA gene. The detection was specific for T...
  24. Krone O, Altenkamp R, Kenntner N. Prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in northern goshawks from the Berlin area of northeastern Germany. J Wildl Dis. 2005;41:304-9 pubmed
    ..domestica) in their diet, urban goshawks are suspected to have a high infection rate with Trichomonas gallinae. Therefore, from 1998 to 2001, we examined 269 nestlings from 90 nests for infection with T...
  25. McIver C, Rismanto N, Smith C, Naing Z, Rayner B, Lusk M, et al. Multiplex PCR testing detection of higher-than-expected rates of cervical mycoplasma, ureaplasma, and trichomonas and viral agent infections in sexually active australian women. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:1358-63 pubmed publisher
    ..parvum, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Mycoplasma hominis (VDL06); Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Treponema pallidum, and group B streptococci (VDL07); and adenovirus species A to E (VDL09)...
  26. Luo F, Li G, Su R, Liang G, Chen Z, Hicham W. Cloning and sequencing of adhesion protein gene of Trichomonas gallinae from pigeon. Vet Parasitol. 2010;168:125-9 pubmed publisher
    The adhesion protein (AP) gene of Trichomonas gallinae from pigeon was cloned and sequenced. The first-strand cDNA of the AP gene of T...
  27. Grabensteiner E, Bilic I, Kolbe T, Hess M. Molecular analysis of clonal trichomonad isolates indicate the existence of heterogenic species present in different birds and within the same host. Vet Parasitol. 2010;172:53-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas gallinae is a flagellated protozoon and the etiological agent of avian trichomoniasis...
  28. GOLLUB E, Armstrong K, Boney T, Mercer D, Chhatre S, Fiore D, et al. Correlates of trichomonas prevalence among street-recruited, drug-using women enrolled in a randomized trial. Subst Use Misuse. 2010;45:2203-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Substance-using women need prevention technologies and programs to reduce risk of HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI). We examined STI prevalence and identified risk correlates for female drug users...
  29. Zimre Grabensteiner E, Arshad N, Amin A, Hess M. Genetically different clonal isolates of Trichomonas gallinae, obtained from the same bird, can vary in their drug susceptibility, an in vitro evidence. Parasitol Int. 2011;60:213-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas gallinae is a flagellated protozoon which parasitizes in the upper digestive tract of different birds, especially columbiformes (doves and pigeons) and falconiformes...
  30. Hirt R, Logsdon J, Healy B, Dorey M, Doolittle W, Embley T. Microsporidia are related to Fungi: evidence from the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II and other proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999;96:580-5 pubmed
    ..Thus, the phylogenetic placement among eukaryotes for these protist taxa is in need of further critical examination. ..
  31. Bahmani M, Saki K, Rafieian Kopaei M, Karamati S, Eftekhari Z, Jelodari M. The most common herbal medicines affecting Sarcomastigophora branches: a review study. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014;7S1:S14-21 pubmed publisher
    ..herbal medicines on pathogenic protozoan Sarcomastigophora branches such as Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Amoeba, Trichomonas and Giardia were reviewed...
  32. Yubuki N, Čepička I, Leander B. Evolution of the microtubular cytoskeleton (flagellar apparatus) in parasitic protists. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2016;209:26-34 pubmed publisher
    ..g., Phytophthora), fornicates (e.g., Giardia), parabasalids (e.g., Trichomonas), preaxostylids (e.g., Monocercomonoides), kinetoplastids (e.g., Trypanosoma), and apicomplexans (e.g...
  33. Zhu Z, Davidson K, Brittingham A, Wakefield M, Bai Q, Xiao H, et al. Trichomonas vaginalis: a possible foe to prostate cancer. Med Oncol. 2016;33:115 pubmed publisher
    Prostate cancer (PCA) is the most common malignancy in men in USA, and the role of Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vag) in the development of PCA is still controversial...
  34. Carvajal Gamez B, Carrillo L, Torres Romero J, Camacho Nuez M, Ponce Regalado M, Camarillo C, et al. Recombinant Trichomonas vaginalis eIF-5A protein expressed from a eukaryotic system binds specifically to mammalian and putative trichomonal eIF-5A response elements (EREs). Parasitol Int. 2016;65:625-631 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis eIF-5A-like protein (TveIF-5A) belongs to the highly conserved eIF-5A family of proteins that contains a unique polyamine-derived amino acid, hypusine...
  35. Muñoz Ramírez A, López Monteon A, Ramos Ligonio A, Méndez Bolaina E, Guapillo Vargas M. Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and Human papillomavirus in female sex workers in Central Veracruz, Mexico. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2018;50:351-358 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there is insufficient epidemiological data on STIs among FSWs in Mexico. The detection of Trichomonas vaginalis is limited to microscopic studies and the molecular screening of Human papillomavirus (HPV) is only ..
  36. Fowke J, Han X, Alderete J, Moses K, Signorello L, Blot W. A prospective study of Trichomonas vaginalis and prostate cancer risk among African American men. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9:224 pubmed publisher
    African Americans (AA) have a higher prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis (Tv) infection and a higher prostate (PC) risk...
  37. Bouchemal K, Bories C, Loiseau P. Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis Infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2017;30:811-825 pubmed publisher
    The last estimated annual incidence of Trichomonas vaginalis worldwide exceeds that of chlamydia and gonorrhea combined. This critical review updates the state of the art on advances in T...
  38. Vieira P, Silva N, da Silva G, Silva D, Lopes N, Gnoatto S, et al. Caatinga plants: Natural and semi-synthetic compounds potentially active against Trichomonas vaginalis. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2016;26:2229-36 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis causes trichomoniasis; the most common but overlooked non-viral sexually transmitted disease worldwide. The treatment is based at 5'-nitroimidazoles, however, failure are related to resistance of T...
  39. Ware C, Ajabnoor Y, Mullins P, Mazer Amirshahi M, Pines J, May L. A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients treated in US EDs and ambulatory care clinics with sexually transmitted infections from 2001 to 2010. Am J Emerg Med. 2016;34:1808-11 pubmed publisher
    ..of Diseases, Ninth Revision code consistent with cervicitis, urethritis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomonas. We analyzed 82.4 million visits for STIs, with 16.5% seen in hospital-based EDs and 83...
  40. Frasson A, Menezes C, Goelzer G, Gnoatto S, Garcia S, Tasca T. Adenosine reduces reactive oxygen species and interleukin-8 production by Trichomonas vaginalis-stimulated neutrophils. Purinergic Signal. 2017;13:569-577 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan that affects the human urogenital tract causing 276.4 million new infections a year...
  41. Singh S, Sablok G, Farmer R, Singh A, Gautam B, Kumar S. Molecular dynamic simulation and inhibitor prediction of cysteine synthase structured model as a potential drug target for trichomoniasis. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:390920 pubmed publisher
    ..0 Kcal/Mol) and a log P value of 6 as a potential inhibitory molecule used to inhibit the growth of T. vaginalis infection. ..
  42. Stringer T, Taylor D, Guzgay H, Shokar A, Au A, Smith P, et al. Polyamine quinoline rhodium complexes: synthesis and pharmacological evaluation as antiparasitic agents against Plasmodium falciparum and Trichomonas vaginalis. Dalton Trans. 2015;44:14906-17 pubmed publisher
    ..e. the NF54 CQ-sensitive and K1 CQ-resistant strain as well as against the G3 isolate of Trichomonas vaginalis...
  43. Peters R, de Vos L, Liteboho M, Mudau M, Klausner J, Kock M, et al. LABORATORY VALIDATION OF XPERT® CT/NG AND TV TESTING AS PERFORMED BY NURSES AT THREE PRIMARY HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN SOUTH AFRICA. J Clin Microbiol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..diagnostic tests provides an important step to address the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), especially Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV).….
  44. Chen T, Tsai K, Yang S, Wong H, Liu Y, Cherng J, et al. Discovery of a Novel Anti-Cancer Agent Targeting Both Topoisomerase I & II as Well as Telomerase Activities in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells In Vitro and In Vivo: Cinnamomum verum Component Cuminaldehyde. Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 2016;16:796-806 pubmed
    ..for various applications such as adenopathy, rheumatism, dermatosis, dyspepsia, stroke, tumors, elephantiasis, trichomonas, yeast, and virus infections...
  45. da Silva Dias M, Menezes C, Tasca T. Technical note: Preservation of Trichomonas vaginalis viability in urine for laboratorial diagnosis by the wet mount examination. J Microbiol Methods. 2016;130:177-179 pubmed publisher
    ..The glucose-saline pH6.0 solution preserved the trophozoites up to 6h. The urine samples preservation is crucial for diagnosis and we suggest this solution as part of the clinical laboratorial routine. ..
  46. Xie Y, Gao J, Wu Y, Tang P, Hide G, Lai D, et al. Recombinant ?-actinin subunit antigens of Trichomonas vaginalis as potential vaccine candidates in protecting against trichomoniasis. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:83 pubmed publisher
    Human trichomoniasis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases with more than 200 million cases worldwide. It has caused a series of health problems to patients...
  47. Ali V, Nozaki T. Iron-sulphur clusters, their biosynthesis, and biological functions in protozoan parasites. Adv Parasitol. 2013;83:1-92 pubmed publisher
    ..proteins and their biosynthesis in parasitic protozoa including Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Giardia, Trichomonas, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium, Blastocystis, and microsporidia...
  48. Szczepaniak K, Łojszczyk Szczepaniak A, Tomczuk K, Skrzypek T, Lisiak B, Abd Al Hammza Abbass Z. Canine Trichomonas tenax mandibular gland infestation. Acta Vet Scand. 2016;58:15 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerous mobile trophozoites of trichomonads were found by microscopy and culturing for trichomonas was performed...
  49. Zadravec M, Slavec B, Krapez U, Gombač M, Svara T, Poljsak Prijatelj M, et al. Trichomonosis outbreak in a flock of canaries (Serinus canaria f. domestica) caused by a finch epidemic strain of Trichomonas gallinae. Vet Parasitol. 2017;239:90-93 pubmed publisher
    ..After individual treatment with oral application of metronidazole (20mg/kg SID) for 5days no further clinical signs were observed in the flock over next 30 months. ..
  50. Kanyina E, Kamau L, Muturi M. Cervical precancerous changes and selected cervical microbial infections, Kiambu County, Kenya, 2014: a cross sectional study. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:647 pubmed publisher
    ..We determined the occurrence of cervical precancerous changes and cervical microbial infections (Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhea and Actinomyces) among women attending Family Health Option ..
  51. Rajasekariah G, Srivastava S, Shrivastav V, Tendulkar J. A simple micropore system for experimental studies on trichomonad parasites. J Parasitol. 1989;75:997-9 pubmed
    ..Trophozoites of defined strains of Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Tritrichomonas foetus were used; their survival and multiplication in the chambers formed the ..
  52. Behets F, Andriamiadana J, Randrianasolo D, Rasamilalao D, Ratsimbazafy N, Dallabetta G, et al. Laboratory diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections in women with genital discharge in Madagascar: implications for primary care. Int J STD AIDS. 2002;13:606-11 pubmed
    ..Patients who present with genital discharge in Madagascar should be treated syndromically for gonococcal and chlamydial infections and screened for syphilis. Gonorrhoea should be treated with ciprofloxacin. ..
  53. de Souza W. Special organelles of some pathogenic protozoa. Parasitol Res. 2002;88:1013-25 pubmed
    ..the acidocalcisomes, recently described in several protozoa, and (4). structures and organelles participating in the endocytic pathway in trypanosomatids...
  54. Iwalewa E, Omisore N, Adewunmi C, Gbolade A, Ademowo O, Nneji C, et al. Anti-protozoan activities of Harungana madagascariensis stem bark extract on trichomonads and malaria. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;117:507-11 pubmed publisher
    ..bark extract of Harungana madagascariensis (Hypericaceae), (Choisy) Poir were evaluated for their activities on Trichomonas gallinae (Rivolta) Stabler isolated from the pigeon (Columba livia)...
  55. Torres Machorro A, Hernandez R, Alderete J, López Villaseñor I. Comparative analyses among the Trichomonas vaginalis, Trichomonas tenax, and Tritrichomonas foetus 5S ribosomal RNA genes. Curr Genet. 2009;55:199-210 pubmed publisher
    ..we describe and compare the gene sequences, motifs, genomic copy number, and chromosomal localization of the Trichomonas vaginalis, Trichomonas tenax, and Tritrichomonas foetus 5S rRNA genes. T. vaginalis and T...
  56. Ortiz Estrada G, Luna Castro S, Piña Vázquez C, Samaniego Barrón L, Leon Sicairos N, Serrano Luna J, et al. Iron-saturated lactoferrin and pathogenic protozoa: could this protein be an iron source for their parasitic style of life?. Future Microbiol. 2012;7:149-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Tritrichomonas fetus, Trichomonas vaginalis, Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica express lactoferrin-binding proteins and use holo-..
  57. Cristillo A, Bristow C, Peeling R, Van Der Pol B, de Cortina S, Dimov I, et al. Point-of-Care Sexually Transmitted Infection Diagnostics: Proceedings of the STAR Sexually Transmitted Infection-Clinical Trial Group Programmatic Meeting. Sex Transm Dis. 2017;44:211-218 pubmed publisher
    ..discussed POC diagnostics for STIs such as Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Treponema pallidum...
  58. Colín Lozano B, León Rivera I, Chan Bacab M, Ortega Morales B, Moo Puc R, López Guerrero V, et al. Synthesis, in vitro and in vivo giardicidal activity of nitrothiazole-NSAID chimeras displaying broad antiprotozoal spectrum. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017;27:3490-3494 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 1-5 were tested in vitro against a panel of five protozoa: 2 amitochondriates (Giardia intestinalis, Trichomonas vaginalis) and 3 kinetoplastids (Leishmania mexicana, Leishmania amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi)...
  59. Martínez Herrero M, Garijo Toledo M, Liebhart D, Ganas P, Martinez Diaz R, Ponce Gordo F, et al. Novel avian oropharyngeal trichomonads isolated from European turtle doves (Streptopelia turtur) and racing pigeons (Columba livia): genetic and morphometric characterisation of clonal cultures. Infect Genet Evol. 2017;55:93-103 pubmed publisher
    ..Two clones were identified as Trichomonas gallinae in the MLST analysis, but the clones from the racing pigeon and European turtle dove showed higher ..
  60. Tosheva Daskalova K, Strateva T, Mitov I, Gergova R. Multiplex PCR detection of problematic pathogens of clinically heterogeneous bacterial vaginosis in Bulgarian women. Turk J Med Sci. 2017;47:1492-1499 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Mobiluncus spp. was detected mostly in coinfections, in association with Trichomonas vaginalis. The coinfections were predominantly related to recurrent BV and with complications (P < 0.05)...
  61. Schwebke J, Gaydos C, Davis T, Marrazzo J, Furgerson D, Taylor S, et al. Clinical Evaluation of the Cepheid Xpert TV Assay for Detection of Trichomonas vaginalis with Prospectively Collected Specimens from Men and Women. J Clin Microbiol. 2018;56: pubmed publisher
    ..nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) have been FDA cleared in the United States for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in specimens from both women and men...
  62. Nievas Y, Cóceres V, Midlej V, de Souza W, Benchimol M, Pereira Neves A, et al. Membrane-shed vesicles from the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis: characterization and their association with cell interaction. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2018;75:2211-2226 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis is a common sexually transmitted parasite that colonizes the human urogenital tract, where it remains extracellular and adheres to epithelial cells...
  63. Chen J, Chen W, Liang P, Zhong X. Ultracytochemical studies on Trichomonas hominis. Chin Med J (Engl). 1992;105:1009-13 pubmed
    The results of ultracytochemical studies on Trichomonas hominis showed that ACPase and CMPase were mainly located in the mature face sacs of the primary lysosomes, digestive vacuoles, as well as in the parabasal body...
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    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) of pathogenic protozoa Trichomonas vaginalis (TvGAPDH) is an attractive drug target since this parasite lacks functional citric acid cycle and is dependent solely on glycolysis for its ..
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    ..the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene showed no variation between the British and Fennoscandian parasite strains of Trichomonas gallinae...
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    Finch trichomonosis, caused by the protozoal parasite Trichomonas gallinae, was first recognized as an emerging infectious disease of British passerines in 2005...
  69. Bradić M, Warring S, Tooley G, Scheid P, Secor W, Land K, et al. Genetic Indicators of Drug Resistance in the Highly Repetitive Genome of Trichomonas vaginalis. Genome Biol Evol. 2017;9:1658-1672 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis, the most common nonviral sexually transmitted parasite, causes ?283 million trichomoniasis infections annually and is associated with pregnancy complications and increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition...
  70. Abdel Magied A, El Kholya E, Abou El Khair S, Abdelmegeed E, Hamoudaa M, Mohamed S, et al. The genetic diversity of metronidazole susceptibility in Trichomonas vaginalis clinical isolates in an Egyptian population. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:3125-3130 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to determine the minimum lethal concentration (MLC) of metronidazole for Trichomonas vaginalis isolates detected in Mansoura, Egypt and studied the genotypic profile of these isolates...
  71. Mandalapu D, Kushwaha B, Gupta S, Krishna S, Srivastava N, Shukla M, et al. Substituted carbamothioic amine-1-carbothioic thioanhydrides as novel trichomonicidal fungicides: Design, synthesis, and biology. Eur J Med Chem. 2018;143:632-645 pubmed publisher
    ..The most active compound (20) of this series was 3.8 and 9.5 fold more active than the MTZ against the two Trichomonas strains tested...
  72. Thorley N, Ross J. Intravaginal boric acid: is it an alternative therapeutic option for vaginal trichomoniasis?. Sex Transm Infect. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    Trichomoniasis, caused by Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Current guidance in the UK is to treat TV with a nitroimidazole antibiotic...
  73. Stemmer S, Mordechai E, Adelson M, Gygax S, Hilbert D. Trichomonas vaginalis is most frequently detected in women at the age of peri-/premenopause: an unusual pattern for a sexually transmitted pathogen. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018;218:328.e1-328.e13 pubmed publisher
    b>Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection...
  74. Do P, Angerhofer A, Hrdy I, Bardonova L, Ingram L, Shanmugam K. Engineering Escherichia coli for fermentative dihydrogen production: potential role of NADH-ferredoxin oxidoreductase from the hydrogenosome of anaerobic protozoa. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2009;153:21-33 pubmed publisher
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    ..We recommend the CML method over the Wald method, especially for small or moderate sample sizes...
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    The in vitro hemolytic activity of Trichomonas gallinae was investigated...
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    ..convexa extracts and some isolated components of the former were investigated for effectiveness against Trichomonas gallinarum and compared with quercetin and quercitrin...
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    b>Trichomonas vaginalis is a human urogenital pathogen responsible for trichomonosis, the number-one, non-viral sexually transmitted disease (STD) worldwide, while T...
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    Avian trichomonosis, caused by the flagellated protozoan Trichomonas gallinae, is a recently emerged infectious disease of British passerines...
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    ..Pulmonary trichomoniasis is most often due to infection with Trichomonas tenax, usually regarded as a harmless commensal of the human mouth, and may rarely be caused by other ..
  83. Tasca T, De Carli G, Glock L, Jeckel Neto E. Morphologic aspects of Tetratrichomonas didelphidis isolated from opossums Didelphis marsupialis and Lutreolina crassicaudata. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2001;96:265-71 pubmed
    ..5 at 28 degrees C. The specimens were stained by the Giemsa method and Heidenhain's iron hematoxylin. The light microscopy study of the trophozoites revealed the same morphologic characteristics as specimens previously described...
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    ..Principles for immune protection of the female genital tract derived from studies of bovine trichomoniasis may be generally applicable to human trichomoniasis and other STDs...
  85. Samoff E, Koumans E, Markowitz L, Sternberg M, Sawyer M, Swan D, et al. Association of Chlamydia trachomatis with persistence of high-risk types of human papillomavirus in a cohort of female adolescents. Am J Epidemiol. 2005;162:668-75 pubmed
    ..Interview data and biologic samples for HPV, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and bacterial vaginosis testing were collected from female adolescents in an Atlanta, Georgia, ..
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  87. Slamovits C, Keeling P. A high density of ancient spliceosomal introns in oxymonad excavates. BMC Evol Biol. 2006;6:34 pubmed
    Certain eukaryotic genomes, such as those of the amitochondriate parasites Giardia and Trichomonas, have very low intron densities, so low that canonical spliceosomal introns have only recently been discovered through genome sequencing...
  88. De Jesus J, Ferreira M, Cuervo P, Britto C, e Silva Filho F, Meyer Fernandes J. Iron modulates ecto-phosphohydrolase activities in pathogenic trichomonads. Parasitol Int. 2006;55:285-90 pubmed
    ..medium is essential for both in vivo and in vitro survival of pathogenic microorganisms, including Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus...
  89. Banerjee S, Vishwanath P, Cui J, Kelleher D, Gilmore R, Robbins P, et al. The evolution of N-glycan-dependent endoplasmic reticulum quality control factors for glycoprotein folding and degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:11676-81 pubmed publisher
    ..However, Trypanosoma and Trichomonas genomes predicted ER degradation-enhancing alpha-mannosidase-like protein and Mns1 orthologs, respectively, ..
  90. Meyers E, Pansy F, Basch H, McRipley R, Slusarchyk D, Graham S, et al. EM49, a new peptide antibiotic. 3. biological characterization in vitro and in vivo. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1973;26:457-62 pubmed
  91. Ribeiro K, Arnholdt A, Benchimol M. Tritrichomonas foetus: induced division synchrony by hydroxyurea. Parasitol Res. 2002;88:627-31 pubmed
    ..The synchronized cells were analyzed by light and scanning electron microscopy, as well by flow cytometry...
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    ..we focused on the contribution of morphological and cytochemical studies to the understanding of endocytosis in Trichomonas, Giardia, Entamoeba, Plasmodium, and trypanosomatids, mainly Trypanosoma cruzi, and also Trypanosoma brucei and ..