absidia

Summary

Summary: A genus of zygomycetous fungi, family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, which sometimes causes infection in humans.

Top Publications

  1. Hoffmann K, Discher S, Voigt K. Revision of the genus Absidia (Mucorales, Zygomycetes) based on physiological, phylogenetic, and morphological characters; thermotolerant Absidia spp. form a coherent group, Mycocladiaceae fam. nov. Mycol Res. 2007;111:1169-83 pubmed
    The genus Absidia comprises ubiquitously distributed soil fungi inhabiting different growth temperature optima ranging from 20-42 degrees C...
  2. Parra Ruiz J, Peña Monje A, Tomas Jimenez C, Antelo Lorenzo R, Escobar Lara T, Hernandez Quero J. Septic arthritis due to Absidia corymbifera in a patient with HIV-1 infection. Infection. 2008;36:279-81 pubmed
    We report the first case described of septic arthritis caused by Absidia corymbifera in the setting of cellular immune deficiency associated with HIV-1 infection...
  3. Horre R, Jovanić B, Herff S, Marklein G, Zhou H, Heinze I, et al. Wound infection due to Absidia corymbifera and Candida albicans with fatal outcome. Med Mycol. 2004;42:373-8 pubmed
    A case of a mixed infection due to Candida albicans and the zygomycete Absidia corymbifera in a 38-year-old, previously healthy, Caucasian male is presented...
  4. Almaslamani M, Taj Aldeen S, Garcia Hermoso D, Dannaoui E, Alsoub H, Alkhal A. An increasing trend of cutaneous zygomycosis caused by Mycocladus corymbifer (formerly Absidia corymbifera): report of two cases and review of primary cutaneous Mycocladus infections. Med Mycol. 2009;47:532-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We report two cases of cutaneous zygomycosis caused by Mycocladus corymbifer (formerly Absidia corymbifera) which were probably the result of soil contamination of wounds of the patient's lower extremities...
  5. Garcia Hermoso D, Hoinard D, Gantier J, Grenouillet F, Dromer F, Dannaoui E. Molecular and phenotypic evaluation of Lichtheimia corymbifera (formerly Absidia corymbifera) complex isolates associated with human mucormycosis: rehabilitation of L. ramosa. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:3862-70 pubmed publisher
    ..isolates (including 28 isolates from patients) morphologically identified as Lichtheimia corymbifera (formerly Absidia corymbifera) were studied by sequence analysis (analysis of the internal transcribed spacer [ITS] region of the ..
  6. Tiong W, Ismael T, McCann J. Post-traumatic and post-surgical Absidia corymbifera infection in a young, healthy man. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59:1367-71 pubmed
    b>Absidia corymbifera infection in a healthy individual is rare. Most of the infection occurs in immunocompromised patients or diabetic patients...
  7. Righi E, Giacomazzi C, Bassetti M, Bisio F, Soro O, McDermott J, et al. Soft-tissue infection with Absidia corymbifera and kidney complications in an AIDS patient. Med Mycol. 2007;45:637-40 pubmed
    We describe a case of primary cutaneous Absidia corymbifera infection in an AIDS patient with renal complications...
  8. Cloughley R, Kelehan J, Corbett Feeney G, Murray M, Callaghan J, Regan P, et al. Soft tissue infection with Absidia corymbifera in a patient with idiopathic aplastic anemia. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:725-7 pubmed
    ..Primary cultures of tissue on solid media were negative, but Absidia corymbifera was isolated from unprocessed tissue placed in brain heart infusion broth.
  9. Oda S, Wakui H, Ohashi S. Efficient hydrolytic reaction of an acetate ester with fungal lipase in a liquid-liquid interface bioreactor (L-L IBR) using CaCO?-coated ballooned microsphere. J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;112:151-3 pubmed publisher
    ..a CaCO?-coated ballooned microsphere, 2-ethylhexyl acetate was efficiently hydrolyzed to 2-ethyl-1-hexanol with Absidia coerulea NBRC 4423 compared with using talc-coated or non-coated ballooned microsphere...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Chou B, Yang L, Chang S, Hsu F, Wang L, Lin W, et al. Transformation of isosteviol lactam by fungi and the suppressive effects of its transformed products on LPS-induced iNOS expression in macrophages. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:1379-85 pubmed publisher
    From the screening of 21 microbial strains, Absidia pseudocylindrospora ATCC 24169 and Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 were found to reproducibly transform isosteviol lactam (4?-carboxy-13?-amino-13,16-seco-ent-19-norbeyeran-16-oic acid 13,..
  2. Santos M, de Oliveira P, Trufem S. Morphological observations on Absidia corymbifera and Absidia blakesleeana strains preserved under mineral oil. Mycoses. 2003;46:402-6 pubmed
    Macro- and micromorphology of 30 living subcultures of Absidia corymbifera (10 strains plus three strains of Absidia ramosa) and Absidia blakesleeana (two strains) preserved under mineral oil at room temperature for periods ranging from ..
  3. Constantinides J, Misra A, Nassab R, Wilson Y. Absidia corymbifera fungal infection in burns: a case report and review of the literature. J Burn Care Res. 2008;29:416-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Absidia corymbifera is a saprophytic organism, with worldwide distribution, that is primarily isolated from soil as well ..
  4. Palek L, Dvorak J, Svobodova M, Buchta V, Jampilek J, Dolezal M. Synthesis, antimycobacterial and antifungal evaluation of 3-arylaminopyrazine-2,5-dicarbonitriles. Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 2008;341:61-5 pubmed
    ..The best activity was found in 3-{[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}pyrazine-2,5-dicarbonitrile 11 with the value of 6.25 micromol(-1) against M. tuberculosis H(37)Rv and moderate activity against minor Mycobacterium pathogens. ..
  5. Albert Q, Leleyter L, Lemoine M, Heutte N, Rioult J, Sage L, et al. Comparison of tolerance and biosorption of three trace metals (Cd, Cu, Pb) by the soil fungus Absidia cylindrospora. Chemosphere. 2018;196:386-392 pubmed publisher
    ..This experiment was designed to evaluate the tolerance and the biosorption abilities of the fungus Absidia cylindrospora against three trace metals: Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), and Lead (Pb)...
  6. Janeczko T, Popłoński J, Kozłowska E, Dymarska M, Huszcza E, Kostrzewa Susłow E. Application of ?- and ?-naphthoflavones as monooxygenase inhibitors of Absidia coerulea KCh 93, Syncephalastrum racemosum KCh 105 and Chaetomium sp. KCh 6651 in transformation of 17?-methyltestosterone. Bioorg Chem. 2018;78:178-184 pubmed publisher
    In this work, 17?-methyltestosterone was effectively hydroxylated by Absidia coerulea KCh 93, Syncephalastrum racemosum KCh 105 and Chaetomium sp. KCh 6651. A...
  7. Simitsopoulou M, Roilides E, Maloukou A, Gil Lamaignere C, Walsh T. Interaction of amphotericin B lipid formulations and triazoles with human polymorphonuclear leucocytes for antifungal activity against Zygomycetes. Mycoses. 2008;51:147-54 pubmed publisher
    ..against Rhizopus oryzae and Rhizopus microsporus, frequently isolated Zygomycetes, were studied and compared with Absidia corymbifera, a less pathogenic Zygomycete...
  8. Imramovsky A, Vinsova J, Férriz J, Buchta V, Jampilek J. Salicylanilide esters of N-protected amino acids as novel antimicrobial agents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009;19:348-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The compounds had the highest level of activity against Aspergillus fumigatus, Absidia corymbifera and Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and these levels were higher than that of the standard drug ..
  9. Habibi Z, Yousefi M, Ghanian S, Mohammadi M, Ghasemi S. Biotransformation of progesterone by Absidia griseolla var. igachii and Rhizomucor pusillus. Steroids. 2012;77:1446-9 pubmed publisher
    Biotransformation of progesterone using Absidia griseolla var. igachii and Rhizomucor pusillus strains as biocatalysts were investigated. Microbial hydroxylation of progesterone by A...
  10. Ellenberger S, Burmester A, Wöstemeyer J. The fate of mitochondria after infection of the Mucoralean fungus Absidia glauca by the fusion parasite Parasitella parasitica: comparison of mitochondrial genomes in zygomycetes. Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2018;29:113-120 pubmed publisher
    b>Absidia glauca and Parasitella parasitica constitute a versatile experimental system for studying horizontal gene transfer between a mucoralean host and its fusion parasite. The A...
  11. Jaworska M, Konieczna E. The influence of supplemental components in nutrient medium on chitosan formation by the fungus Absidia orchidis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001;56:220-4 pubmed
    ..nutrient medium, on the in vivo activity of chitin synthase and chitin deacetylase to form chitosan in the fungus Absidia orchidis. Manganese and ferrous ions gave the most significant results...
  12. Becker B, Schuster F, Ganster B, Seidl H, Schmid I. Cutaneous mucormycosis in an immunocompromised patient. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006;6:536 pubmed
  13. Walch G, Knapp M, Rainer G, Peintner U. Colony-PCR Is a Rapid Method for DNA Amplification of Hyphomycetes. J Fungi (Basel). 2016;2: pubmed publisher
    ..DNA of soil-borne yeasts was always successfully amplified. Absidia, Mucor, Trichoderma, and Penicillium isolates had noticeably lower PCR success.
  14. Bakhshaee M, Bojdi A, Allahyari A, Majidi M, Tavakol S, Najafzadeh M, et al. Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis: our experience with 18 cases. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2016;273:4281-4287 pubmed publisher
    ..The main fungi were Rhizopus oryzae (55.56 %), Absidia mucor (16.67 %), and Aspergillus fumigatus (27.78 %). Headache and facial pain (77...
  15. Groot O, Trof R, Girbes A, Swart N, Beishuizen A. Acute refractory hyperkalaemia and fatal cardiac arrest related to administration of liposomal amphotericin B. Neth J Med. 2008;66:433-7 pubmed
    ..with acute myeloid leukaemia was treated with liposomal amphotericin B for a breakthrough fungal infection with Absidia corymbifera during voriconazole and caspofungin therapy for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis...
  16. Chang S, Yang L, Lo C, Liaw J, Wang L, Lin S. Microbial transformation of isosteviol and bioactivities against the glucocorticoid/androgen response elements. J Nat Prod. 2008;71:87-92 pubmed publisher
    Preparative-scale fermentation of isosteviol ( ent-16-oxobeyeran-19-oic acid) (1) with Mucor recurvatus MR 36, Absidia pseudocylindrospora ATCC 24169, and Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 afforded nine known metabolites ( 2, 3, 5-10, and 14) ..
  17. Brugiere O, Dauriat G, Mal H, Marrash Chalha R, Fournier M, Groussard O, et al. Pulmonary mucormycosis (zygomycosis) in a lung transplant recipient: recovery after posaconazole therapy. Transplantation. 2005;80:544-5 pubmed
  18. Overy D, Nielsen K, Smedsgaard J. Roquefortine/oxaline biosynthesis pathway metabolites in Penicillium ser. Corymbifera: in planta production and implications for competitive fitness. J Chem Ecol. 2005;31:2373-90 pubmed
  19. Belfiori R, Terenzi A, Marchesini L, Repetto A. Absidia Corymbifera in an immune competent accident victim with multiple abdominal injuries: case report. BMC Infect Dis. 2007;7:46 pubmed
    ..in a healthy 17-year-old accident victim with multiple abdominal injuries which was caused by infection with Absidia Corymbifera, a ubiquitous saphrophyte in the ground...
  20. Thami G, Kaur S, Bawa A, Chander J, Mohan H, Bedi M. Post-surgical zygomycotic necrotizing subcutaneous infection caused by Absidia corymbifera. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2003;28:251-3 pubmed
    ..In this report we describe a patient with post-surgical necrotizing subcutaneous infection caused by Absidia corymbifera, 2 weeks following appendectomy...
  21. Taveepanich S, Muangsin N, Saithong S, Pakawatchai C, Chaichit N, Roengsumran S, et al. Biotransformation of ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid by Absidia blakesleeana and Rhizopus oligosporus. Nat Prod Res. 2010;24:1050-8 pubmed publisher
    Biotransformation of ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid was carried out with Absidia blakesleeana and Rhizopus oligosporus...
  22. Win N, Stevens W. Shrimp chitin as substrate for fungal chitin deacetylase. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001;57:334-41 pubmed
    ..grinding, derivatization and interaction with saccharides and presented as a substrate to the CDA of the fungus Absidia coerulea. None of these treatments of the substrate resulted in a more efficient enzymatic deacetylation...
  23. Gil Lamaignere C, Simitsopoulou M, Roilides E, Maloukou A, Winn R, Walsh T. Interferon- gamma and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor augment the activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes against medically important zygomycetes. J Infect Dis. 2005;191:1180-7 pubmed
    ..microsporus, the most frequently isolated zygomycetes, with that against the less frequently isolated Absidia corymbifera...
  24. McLintock L, Gibson B, Jones B. Mixed pulmonary fungal infection with Aspergillus fumigatus and Absidia corymbifera in a patient with relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia. Br J Haematol. 2005;128:737 pubmed
  25. Souza C, Lima D, Gurgel L, Santiago A. Coprophilous Mucorales (ex Zygomycota) from three areas in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, Brazil. Braz J Microbiol. 2017;48:79-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, 24 taxa of Mucorales distributed in the genera Absidia, Circinella, Cunninghamella, Lichtheimia, Mucor, Pilobolus, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were identified...
  26. Chau A, Chen G, McNicholas P, Mann P. Molecular basis for enhanced activity of posaconazole against Absidia corymbifera and Rhizopus oryzae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006;50:3917-9 pubmed
    ..and itraconazole were more potent inhibitors of ergosterol synthesis, in both intact cells and cell extracts from Absidia corymbifera and Rhizopus oryzae, than voriconazole and fluconazole. Similarly, expression of CYP51 from R...
  27. Gładkowski W, Mazur M, Białońska A, Wawrzeńczyk C. Lactones 35 [1]. Metabolism of iodolactones with cyclohexane ring in Absidia cylindrospora culture. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2011;48:326-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The metabolism of ?-iodo-?-lactones containing cyclohexane ring with an increasing number of methyl substituents in Absidia cylindrospora was studied and seven metabolites were isolated as the products of biotransformations of these ..
  28. Fu Y, Yu H, Tang S, Hu X, Wang Y, Liu B, et al. New dioscin-glycosidase hydrolyzing multi-glycosides of dioscin from Absidia strain. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;20:1011-7 pubmed
    ..gt; 2)-rhamnoside, 3-O-alpha-L-(1 --> 4)-arabinoside and beta-D-glucoside on diosgenin was isolated from Absidia sp.d38 strain; and it was purified and characterized...
  29. Pasticci M, Terenzi A, Lapalorcia L, Giovenale P, Pitzurra L, Costantini V, et al. Absidia corymbifera necrotizing cellulitis in an immunocompromised patient while on voriconazole treatment. Ann Hematol. 2008;87:687-9 pubmed publisher
  30. Demirci F, Noma Y, Kirimer N, Can Başer K. Microbial transformation of (-)-carvone. Z Naturforsch C. 2004;59:389-92 pubmed
    The cyclic monoterpene ketone (-)-carvone was metabolized by the plant pathogenic fungus Absidia glauca. After 4 days of incubation, the diol 10-hydroxy-(+)-neodihydrocarveol was formed...
  31. Reboux G, Reiman M, Roussel S, Taattola K, Millon L, Dalphin J, et al. Impact of agricultural practices on microbiology of hay, silage and flour on Finnish and French farms. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006;13:267-73 pubmed
    ..High concentrations of Absidia corymbifera were found in approximately 35 % of French hay samples and only 10 % of Finnish hay samples...
  32. Huszcza E, Dmochowska Gladysz J. Transformations of testosterone and related steroids in Absidia glauca culture. J Basic Microbiol. 2003;43:113-20 pubmed
    ..derivatives with an additional C(1)-C(2) double bond and/or 17alpha-methyl group or without 19-methyl group in Absidia glauca culture was investigated...
  33. Zeeh F, Zimmermann W, Eichhorn L, Welle M, Blaser P, Albini S. [Mucormycosis due to Mycocladus corymbiferus in a fattening pig]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2010;152:523-7 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Absidia corymbifera) to be present...
  34. Georgala A, Vekemans M, Husson M, Meuleman N, Beguin H, Nolard N, et al. Zygomycosis in the immunocompromised patient: a case report. Acta Biomed. 2006;77 Suppl 2:5-9 pubmed
    ..We report a case of sinusitis due to Absidia corymbifera occurring during chemotherapy-induced bone marrow aplasia in a patient with acute leukaemia...
  35. Kleinotienė G, Posiūnas G, Raistenskis J, Zurauskas E, Stankeviciene S, Daugelaviciene V, et al. Liposomal amphotericin B and surgery as successful therapy for pulmonary Lichtheimia corymbifera zygomycosis in a pediatric patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia on antifungal prophylaxis with posaconazole. Med Oncol. 2013;30:433 pubmed publisher
    ..APL) on antifungal prophylaxis with posaconazole, who developed pulmonary Lichtheimia corymbifera (formerly Absidia corymbifera) zygomycosis. She was successfully treated by means of liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) and surgery...
  36. Martinez Ramirez J, Voigt K, Peters F. Studies on the metabolism of five model drugs by fungi colonizing cadavers using LC-ESI-MS/MS and GC-MS analysis. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2012;404:1339-59 pubmed publisher
    ..mirtazapine, promethazine, and zolpidem) were each incubated with five model fungi known to colonize cadavers (Absidia repens, Aspergillus repens, Aspergillus terreus, Gliocladium viride, and Mortierella polycephala) and with ..
  37. Garbino J, Uckay I, Amini K, Puppo M, Richter M, Lew D. Absidia posttraumatic infection: successful treatment with posaconazole. J Infect. 2005;51:e135-8 pubmed
    ..In the present study, we describe a patient who had severe traumatic injury with an Absidia infection, who developed intolerance to antifungal treatment with amphotericin B, but responded to posaconazole ..
  38. Aoki K, Uchiyama R, Yamauchi S, Katayama T, Itonori S, Sugita M, et al. Newly discovered neutral glycosphingolipids in aureobasidin A-resistant zygomycetes: Identification of a novel family of Gala-series glycolipids with core Gal alpha 1-6Gal beta 1-6Gal beta sequences. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:32028-34 pubmed
  39. Vigouroux S, Morin O, Moreau P, Mechinaud F, Morineau N, Mahe B, et al. Zygomycosis after prolonged use of voriconazole in immunocompromised patients with hematologic disease: attention required. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40:e35-7 pubmed
    ..An invasive infection was present in 3 patients who died soon after the diagnosis at 12, 13, and 45 days. Physicians should be mindful of this potential risk after treatment with voriconazole. ..
  40. Marvalin C, Azerad R. Microbial production of phase I and phase II metabolites of propranolol. Xenobiotica. 2011;41:175-86 pubmed publisher
    ..of 4- and 5-hydroxylated metabolites of (R)- or (S)-propranolol by biotransformation with two fungal strains, an Absidia sp. M50002 and a Cunninghamella sp...
  41. Bartmańska A, Tronina T, Huszcza E. Transformation of 8-prenylnaringenin by Absidia coerulea and Beauveria bassiana. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012;22:6451-3 pubmed publisher
    Beauveria bassiana AM278 and Absidia coerulea AM93 converted 8-prenylnaringenin (1) into two glycoside derivatives (7-O-?-D-glucopyranoside) (2) and 7-O-?-D-4'''-O-methylglucopyranoside) (3) in high yields in processes conducted in ..
  42. Mesa Varona D, Celis Sánchez J, Alfaya Muñoz L, Avendaño Cantos E, Romero Moraleda L. Keratitis caused by Absidia corymbifera in an immunocompetent male with no corneal injuries. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2015;90:139-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Direct microscopic evaluation and Gram stain are a valuable diagnostic tool for the detection of Absidia filaments. There is a successful treatment with anphotericin and posaconazole...
  43. Ritz N, Ammann R, Aebischer C, Gugger M, Jaton K, Schmid R, et al. Failure of voriconazole to cure disseminated zygomycosis in an immunocompromised child. Eur J Pediatr. 2005;164:231-5 pubmed
    ..The causative agent, Absidia corymbifera, was identified by broad-range fungal PCR in a lung biopsy sample...
  44. Ghormade V, Pathan E, Deshpande M. Can fungi compete with marine sources for chitosan production?. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;104:1415-1421 pubmed publisher
    ..Zygomycetous fungi such as Absidia coerulea, Benjaminiella poitrasii, Cunninghamella elegans, Gongrenella butleri, Mucor rouxii, Mucor racemosus and ..
  45. Denzoin Vulcano L, Fogel F, Tapias M, Schettino A, Zaror L, Guarro Artigas J. [Abdominal zygomycosis in a bitch due to Absidia corymbifera]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2005;22:122-4 pubmed
    ..On Sabouraud honey agar the fungus developed fluffy, greyish white colonies that were identified as Absidia corymbifera on the basis of their macro and microscopic morphology.
  46. Otevrel J, Mandelova Z, Pesko M, Guo J, Kralova K, Sersen F, et al. Investigating the spectrum of biological activity of ring-substituted salicylanilides and carbamoylphenylcarbamates. Molecules. 2010;15:8122-42 pubmed publisher
    ..For all compounds, the relationships between lipophilicity and the chemical structure are discussed...
  47. Galgoczy L, Lukács G, Nyilasi I, Papp T, Vagvolgyi C. Antifungal activity of statins and their interaction with amphotericin B against clinically important Zygomycetes. Acta Biol Hung. 2010;61:356-65 pubmed publisher
    ..B were investigated in this study on 6 fungal isolates representing 4 clinically important genera, namely Absidia, Rhizomucor, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum . The antifungal effects of statins revealed substantial differences...
  48. Guo N, Zhao Y, Fang W. Biotransformation of 3-oxo-oleanolic acid by Absidia glauca. Planta Med. 2010;76:1904-7 pubmed publisher
    3-Oxo-oleanolic acid (1) was biotransformed in growing cultures of the fungus Absidia glauca, resulting in three novel hydroxylated metabolites, identified as 1?-hydroxy-3-oxo-olean-11-en-28,13-lactone (2), 1?,11?-dihydroxy-3-oxo-olean-..
  49. Hasan D, Fleischhack G, Gillen J, Bialek R, Born M, Simon A. Successful management of a simultaneous Aspergillus fumigatus and Absidia corymbifera invasive fungal infection. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010;32:e22-4 pubmed publisher
    ..due to zygomycosis, we present the case of a female adolescent with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who successfully completed her chemotherapy despite a disseminated double infection with Aspergillus fumigatus and Absidia corymbifera.
  50. Mosquera J, Warn P, Rodriguez Tudela J, Denning D. Treatment of Absidia corymbifera infection in mice with amphotericin B and itraconazole. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2001;48:583-6 pubmed
    ..of amphotericin B and itraconazole were studied in a temporarily neutropenic murine model of disseminated Absidia corymbifera infection, caused by two different strains. Amphotericin B MICs were 0...
  51. Sun D, Nikolakakis A, Sauriol F, Mamer O, Zamir L. Microbial and reducing agents catalyze the rearrangement of taxanes. Bioorg Med Chem. 2001;9:1985-92 pubmed
    ..converted to two unprecedented 1(15-->11)abeo-taxanes and a taxane derivative with a C10-C11 double bond by Absidia coerula ATCC 10738a...
  52. Ribeiro N, Cousin G, Wilson G, Butterworth D, Woodwards R. Lethal invasive mucormycosis: case report and recommendations for treatment. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;30:156-9 pubmed
  53. Niederhofer A, Müller B. A method for direct preparation of chitosan with low molecular weight from fungi. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2004;57:101-5 pubmed
    ..The use of water for washing between the preparation steps would cause solving and discarding of the low molecular chitosan. The chitosan was analyzed by laser light scattering and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. ..