microsporum

Summary

Summary: A mitosporic Oxygenales fungal genus causing various diseases of the skin and hair. The species Microsporum canis produces TINEA CAPITIS and tinea corporis, which usually are acquired from domestic cats and dogs. Teleomorphs includes Arthroderma (Nannizzia). (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th edition, p305)

Top Publications

  1. Galhardo M, Wanke B, Reis R, Oliveira L, Valle A. Disseminated dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum gypseum in an AIDS patient: response to terbinafine and amorolfine. Mycoses. 2004;47:238-41 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of dermatophytosis was based on the isolation of Microsporum gypseum from scales scraped from the skin lesions...
  2. de Wit K, Paulussen C, Matheeussen A, van Rossem K, Cos P, Maes L. In vitro profiling of pramiconazole and in vivo evaluation in Microsporum canis dermatitis and Candida albicans vaginitis laboratory models. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010;54:4927-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Potent in vitro activities against Candida spp. (50% inhibitory concentration [IC??], 0.04 to 1.83 ?M) and Microsporum and Trichophyton spp. (IC??, 0.15 to 1...
  3. Vermout S, Tabart J, Baldo A, Mathy A, Losson B, Mignon B. Pathogenesis of dermatophytosis. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:267-75 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, sophisticated in vitro infection models are now used and will open the way to a more comprehensive view of the interactions between these fungi and host epidermal cells, especially keratinocytes...
  4. Rezaei Matehkolaei A, Makimura K, de Hoog G, Shidfar M, Satoh K, Najafzadeh M, et al. Multilocus differentiation of the related dermatophytes Microsporum canis, Microsporum ferrugineum and Microsporum audouinii. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:57-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum ferrugineum, an uncommon causative agent of dermatophytosis, has restricted endemicity. Iranian strains suspected to be M...
  5. Jousson O, Léchenne B, Bontems O, Capoccia S, Mignon B, Barblan J, et al. Multiplication of an ancestral gene encoding secreted fungalysin preceded species differentiation in the dermatophytes Trichophyton and Microsporum. Microbiology. 2004;150:301-10 pubmed
    ..source a substantial proteolytic activity was secreted by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum canis...
  6. Brouta F, Descamps F, Monod M, Vermout S, Losson B, Mignon B. Secreted metalloprotease gene family of Microsporum canis. Infect Immun. 2002;70:5676-83 pubmed
    Keratinolytic proteases secreted by dermatophytes are likely to be virulence-related factors. Microsporum canis, the main agent of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats, causes a zoonosis that is frequently reported...
  7. Koumantaki E, Georgala S, Rallis E, Papadavid E. Microsporum canis tinea capitis in an 8-month-old infant successfully treated with 2 weekly pulses of oral itraconazole. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:60-2 pubmed
    We report an 8-month-old girl with tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis which was successfully treated with two pulses of oral itraconazole 50 mg/day, each of 1 week duration with an interval of 2 weeks. M...
  8. Sriranganadane D, Waridel P, Salamin K, Feuermann M, Mignon B, Staib P, et al. Identification of novel secreted proteases during extracellular proteolysis by dermatophytes at acidic pH. Proteomics. 2011;11:4422-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The validation of such genome predictions instigated the present study on two dermatophyte species, Microsporum canis and Arthroderma benhamiae...
  9. Hirai A, Kano R, Nakamura Y, Watanabe S, Hasegawa A. Molecular taxonomy of dermatophytes and related fungi by chitin synthase 1 (CHS1) gene sequences. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:11-20 pubmed
    ..sequences of the CHS1 gene from dermatophytes and related fungi in the genera Chrysosporium, Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton were investigated using molecular methods...
  10. Aste N, Pau M. Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis treated with terbinafine. Mycoses. 2004;47:428-30 pubmed
    ..Numerous dermatophytes of the genus Microsporum and Tricophyton can cause tinea capitis and griseofulvin is still today the treatment of choice...

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Galhardo M, Wanke B, Reis R, Oliveira L, Valle A. Disseminated dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum gypseum in an AIDS patient: response to terbinafine and amorolfine. Mycoses. 2004;47:238-41 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of dermatophytosis was based on the isolation of Microsporum gypseum from scales scraped from the skin lesions...
  2. de Wit K, Paulussen C, Matheeussen A, van Rossem K, Cos P, Maes L. In vitro profiling of pramiconazole and in vivo evaluation in Microsporum canis dermatitis and Candida albicans vaginitis laboratory models. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010;54:4927-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Potent in vitro activities against Candida spp. (50% inhibitory concentration [IC??], 0.04 to 1.83 ?M) and Microsporum and Trichophyton spp. (IC??, 0.15 to 1...
  3. Vermout S, Tabart J, Baldo A, Mathy A, Losson B, Mignon B. Pathogenesis of dermatophytosis. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:267-75 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, sophisticated in vitro infection models are now used and will open the way to a more comprehensive view of the interactions between these fungi and host epidermal cells, especially keratinocytes...
  4. Rezaei Matehkolaei A, Makimura K, de Hoog G, Shidfar M, Satoh K, Najafzadeh M, et al. Multilocus differentiation of the related dermatophytes Microsporum canis, Microsporum ferrugineum and Microsporum audouinii. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:57-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum ferrugineum, an uncommon causative agent of dermatophytosis, has restricted endemicity. Iranian strains suspected to be M...
  5. Jousson O, Léchenne B, Bontems O, Capoccia S, Mignon B, Barblan J, et al. Multiplication of an ancestral gene encoding secreted fungalysin preceded species differentiation in the dermatophytes Trichophyton and Microsporum. Microbiology. 2004;150:301-10 pubmed
    ..source a substantial proteolytic activity was secreted by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum canis...
  6. Brouta F, Descamps F, Monod M, Vermout S, Losson B, Mignon B. Secreted metalloprotease gene family of Microsporum canis. Infect Immun. 2002;70:5676-83 pubmed
    Keratinolytic proteases secreted by dermatophytes are likely to be virulence-related factors. Microsporum canis, the main agent of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats, causes a zoonosis that is frequently reported...
  7. Koumantaki E, Georgala S, Rallis E, Papadavid E. Microsporum canis tinea capitis in an 8-month-old infant successfully treated with 2 weekly pulses of oral itraconazole. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:60-2 pubmed
    We report an 8-month-old girl with tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis which was successfully treated with two pulses of oral itraconazole 50 mg/day, each of 1 week duration with an interval of 2 weeks. M...
  8. Sriranganadane D, Waridel P, Salamin K, Feuermann M, Mignon B, Staib P, et al. Identification of novel secreted proteases during extracellular proteolysis by dermatophytes at acidic pH. Proteomics. 2011;11:4422-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The validation of such genome predictions instigated the present study on two dermatophyte species, Microsporum canis and Arthroderma benhamiae...
  9. Hirai A, Kano R, Nakamura Y, Watanabe S, Hasegawa A. Molecular taxonomy of dermatophytes and related fungi by chitin synthase 1 (CHS1) gene sequences. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:11-20 pubmed
    ..sequences of the CHS1 gene from dermatophytes and related fungi in the genera Chrysosporium, Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton were investigated using molecular methods...
  10. Aste N, Pau M. Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis treated with terbinafine. Mycoses. 2004;47:428-30 pubmed
    ..Numerous dermatophytes of the genus Microsporum and Tricophyton can cause tinea capitis and griseofulvin is still today the treatment of choice...
  11. Brilhante R, Cavalcante C, Soares Junior F, Cordeiro R, Sidrim J, Rocha M. High rate of Microsporum canis feline and canine dermatophytoses in Northeast Brazil: epidemiological and diagnostic features. Mycopathologia. 2003;156:303-8 pubmed
    ..3%) canine specimens and 14 of the 38 (36.8%) feline specimens. The identified dermatophytes were Microsporum canis (95%), M. gypseum (2.5%) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes (2.5%)...
  12. Kanbe T, Suzuki Y, Kamiya A, Mochizuki T, Kawasaki M, Fujihiro M, et al. Species-identification of dermatophytes Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton by PCR and PCR-RFLP targeting of the DNA topoisomerase II genes. J Dermatol Sci. 2003;33:41-54 pubmed
    ..The genomic DNAs of the dermatophytes (ten species of Trichophyton, seven species of Microsporum, and Epidermaphyton floccosum) were amplified by PCR using a common primer set (dPsD1) for the dermatophytes, ..
  13. Silm H, Karelson M. Terbinafine: efficacy and tolerability in young children with tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2002;16:228-30 pubmed
    ..the efficacy and tolerability of terbinafine in the treatment of young children with tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis...
  14. Kano R, Nakamura Y, Watanabe S, Tsujimoto H, Hasegawa A. Phylogenetic relation of Epidermophyton floccosum to the species of Microsporum and Trichophyton in chitin synthase 1 (CHS1) gene sequences. Mycopathologia. 1999;146:111-3 pubmed
    ..was analyzed to determine its phylogenetic relation to eight other dermatophyte species belonging to the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton, which were sequenced in our previous studies...
  15. Agrawal A, Srivastava S, Srivastava J, Srivastava M. Inhibitory effect of the plant Boerhavia diffusa l. against the dermatophytic fungus Microsporum fulvum. J Environ Biol. 2004;25:307-11 pubmed
    ..aqueous) of aerial and root parts of Boerhavia diffusa (Nictaginaceae) was screened against dermatophytic fungi Microsporum fulvum...
  16. Romano C, Massai L, Gallo A, Fimiani M. Microsporum gypseum infection in the Siena area in 2005-2006. Mycoses. 2009;52:67-71 pubmed publisher
    Fourteen cases of dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum gypseum, representing 6.8% of all dermatophytic infections reported, were diagnosed in Siena, Italy, between 2005 and 2006...
  17. Pinheiro A, Melo D, Macedo L, Freire M, Rocha M, Sidrim J, et al. Antifungal and marker effects of Talisia esculenta lectin on Microsporum canis in vitro. J Appl Microbiol. 2009;107:2063-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the usefulness of lectin obtained from Talisia esculenta (TEL) seeds as a tool to recognize and study Microsporum canis...
  18. Sharma R, de Hoog S, Presber W, Gräser Y. A virulent genotype of Microsporum canis is responsible for the majority of human infections. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:1377-85 pubmed
    The zoophilic dermatophyte species Microsporum canis belongs to the Arthroderma otae complex and is known to mate with tester strains of that teleomorph species, at least in the laboratory...
  19. Qianggiang Z, Limo Q, Jiajun W, Li L. Report of two cases of tinea infection with scutula-like lesions caused by Microsporum gypseum. Int J Dermatol. 2002;41:372-3 pubmed
  20. Criado P, Costa A, Vasconcellos C, Oliveira Ramos R, Silva C, Souza S. Tinea faciei in an infant caused by Microsporum gypseum simulating a dry impetigo. Pediatr Dermatol. 2005;22:536-8 pubmed
    ..The initial examination led us to the clinical diagnosis of impetigo. The mycologic studies found an uncommon dermatophyte agent, Microsporum gypseum. The main differential diagnosis of tinea faciei is discussed.
  21. Ginter Hanselmayer G, Smolle J, Gupta A. Itraconazole in the treatment of tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis: experience in a large cohort. Pediatr Dermatol. 2004;21:499-502 pubmed
    Mycotic scalp infection caused by Microsporum canis is one of the more recalcitrant disorders, with increasing incidence during the last decade...
  22. Tryland M, Handeland K, Bratberg A, Solbakk I, Oksanen A. Persistence of antibodies in blood and body fluids in decaying fox carcasses, as exemplified by antibodies against Microsporum canis. Acta Vet Scand. 2006;48:10 pubmed
    ..and 10 blue foxes (Alopex lagopus), 6 of each species previously vaccinated against and all challenged with Microsporum canis, were blood sampled and euthanased...
  23. Guo J, Brosnan B, Furey A, Arendt E, Murphy P, Coffey A. Antifungal activity of Lactobacillus against Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum and Epidermophyton floccosum. Bioeng Bugs. 2012;3:104-13 pubmed publisher
    ..All four were also identified as having strong inhibitory activity against the human pathogenic fungi Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum and Epidermophyton floccosum. One of the four lactobacilli, namely Lb...
  24. Tabart J, Baldo A, Vermout S, Nusgens B, Lapiere C, Losson B, et al. Reconstructed interfollicular feline epidermis as a model for Microsporum canis dermatophytosis. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:971-5 pubmed
    b>Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial cutaneous infection called dermatophytosis...
  25. Coelho L, Cursino Santos J, Persinoti G, Rossi A, Martinez Rossi N. The Microsporum canis genome is organized into five chromosomes based on evidence from electrophoretic karyotyping and chromosome end mapping. Med Mycol. 2013;51:208-13 pubmed publisher
    The karyotype of Microsporum canis was analyzed by contoured-clamped homogeneous electric field (CHEF) gel electrophoresis. Four chromosomal bands that correspond to five chromosomes ranging from 3.0-6...
  26. Vermout S, Baldo A, Tabart J, Losson B, Mignon B. Secreted dipeptidyl peptidases as potential virulence factors for Microsporum canis. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2008;54:299-308 pubmed publisher
    Dermatophytoses caused by Microsporum canis are frequently encountered in cats and dogs; they are highly contagious and readily transmissible to humans...
  27. Mathy A, Baldo A, Schoofs L, Cambier L, Defaweux V, Tabart J, et al. Fungalysin and dipeptidyl-peptidase gene transcription in Microsporum canis strains isolated from symptomatic and asymptomatic cats. Vet Microbiol. 2010;146:179-82 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum canis is the main pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial cutaneous infection called dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores. In cats, M. canis causes symptomatic or asymptomatic infection...
  28. Agrawal A, Srivastava S, Srivastava M. Antifungal activity of Boerhavia diffusa against some dermatophytic species of Microsporum. Hindustan Antibiot Bull. 2003;45-46:1-4 pubmed
    ..Boerhavia diffusa was sereened for Antitungal activity (Inhibition in sporulation) against dermatophytic fungi Microsporum gypseum, M. fulvum and M. canis by using broth dilution method...
  29. Mao L, Zhang L, Li H, Chen W, Wang H, Wu S, et al. Pathogenic fungus Microsporum canis activates the NLRP3 inflammasome. Infect Immun. 2014;82:882-92 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus with worldwide distribution that causes tinea capitis in animals and humans. M. canis also causes invasive infection in immunocompromised patients...
  30. Dragos V, Lunder M. Lack of efficacy of 6-week treatment with oral terbinafine for tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 1997;14:46-8 pubmed
    Twenty-two children aged 2 to 9 years with noninflammatory tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis were evaluated in an open clinical pilot study run from January 1994 to July 1995...
  31. Baldo A, Mathy A, Tabart J, Camponova P, Vermout S, Massart L, et al. Secreted subtilisin Sub3 from Microsporum canis is required for adherence to but not for invasion of the epidermis. Br J Dermatol. 2010;162:990-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum canis is a pathogenic dermatophyte that causes a superficial cutaneous mycosis, mainly in cats and humans...
  32. Krunic A, Cetner A, Tesic V, Janda W, Worobec S. Atypical favic invasion of the scalp by Microsporum canis: report of a case and review of reported cases caused by Microsporum species. Mycoses. 2007;50:156-9 pubmed
    ..We report the first documented case of favus of the scalp caused by Microsporum canis in an immunocompetent 8-year-old girl...
  33. Vermout S, Tabart J, Baldo A, Monod M, Losson B, Mignon B. RNA silencing in the dermatophyte Microsporum canis. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;275:38-45 pubmed
    Dermatomycoses caused by Microsporum canis are frequent in domestic animals and easily transmissible to humans...
  34. Lee W, Song C, Lee S, Kim D, Jun J, Bang Y. Decreasing prevalence of Microsporum canis infection in Korea: through analysis of 944 cases (1993-2009) and review of our previous data (1975-1992). Mycopathologia. 2012;173:235-9 pubmed publisher
    Since 1957, Microsporum (M.) canis has been one of the common causative agents of dermatophytosis in Korea. We analyzed 944 patients infected with M. canis who attended outpatient clinic over a 17-year period (1993-2009). M...
  35. Tirado González M, Ball E, Ruiz A, Rodriguez Y, Goudet C, Finkel O, et al. Disseminated dermatophytic pseudomycetoma caused by Microsporum species. Int J Dermatol. 2012;51:1478-82 pubmed publisher
    ..We report two clinical cases of disseminated dermatophytic pseudomycetoma caused by Microsporum gypseum and Microsporum canis in immunosuppressed patients...
  36. Koumantaki E, Kakourou T, Rallis E, Riga P, Georgalla S. Doubled dose of oral terbinafine is required for Microsporum canis tinea capitis. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:339-42 pubmed
    Fourteen children, ages 1-15 years, with Microsporum canis tinea capitis were given oral terbinafine for 4 weeks at the recommended daily dose according to their weight: 10-20 kg, 62.5 mg; 20-40 kg, 125 mg; > 40 kg, 250 mg...
  37. Li W, Metin B, White T, Heitman J. Organization and evolutionary trajectory of the mating type (MAT) locus in dermatophyte and dimorphic fungal pathogens. Eukaryot Cell. 2010;9:46-58 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified the MAT locus of five dermatophyte fungal pathogens (Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum canis, Trichophyton equinum, Trichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton tonsurans) and a ..
  38. Lee S, Han J, Lee G, Park M, Choi I, Na K, et al. Antifungal effect of eugenol and nerolidol against Microsporum gypseum in a guinea pig model. Biol Pharm Bull. 2007;30:184-8 pubmed
    ..activities of eugenol and nerolidol isolated from Japanese cypress oil in a guinea pig model infected by Microsporum gypseum (M. gypseum)...
  39. Baldo A, Tabart J, Vermout S, Mathy A, Collard A, Losson B, et al. Secreted subtilisins of Microsporum canis are involved in adherence of arthroconidia to feline corneocytes. J Med Microbiol. 2008;57:1152-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial cutaneous infection called dermatophytosis, mainly in cats and humans. The mechanisms involved in adherence of M. canis to epidermis have never been investigated...
  40. Makimura K, Tamura Y, Mochizuki T, Hasegawa A, Tajiri Y, Hanazawa R, et al. Phylogenetic classification and species identification of dermatophyte strains based on DNA sequences of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 regions. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:920-4 pubmed
    The mutual phylogenetic relationships of dermatophytes of the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton were demonstrated by using internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region ribosomal DNA sequences. Trichophyton spp...
  41. Marchetti V, Mancianti F, Cardini G, Luchetti E. Evaluation of fungicidal efficacy of benzalkonium chloride (Steramina G u.v.) and Virkon-S against Microsporum canis for environmental disinfection. Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:255-61 pubmed
    ..chloride; Formenti Grünenthal) and Virkon-S (multipurpose system; Antec International) against Microsporum canis-infected hairs and spores...
  42. Lipozencic J, Skerlev M, Orofino Costa R, Zaitz V, Horvath A, Chouela E, et al. A randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, duration-finding study of oral terbinafine and open-label, high-dose griseofulvin in children with tinea capitis due to Microsporum species. Br J Dermatol. 2002;146:816-23 pubmed
    ..However, the optimal treatment duration for its use in the treatment of tinea capitis caused by Microsporum species has not yet been determined.
  43. Roque H, Vieira R, Rato S, Luz Martins M. Specific primers for rapid detection of Microsporum audouinii by PCR in clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:4336-41 pubmed
    ..The initial PCR analysis rendered a specific DNA fragment for Microsporum audouinii, which was cloned and sequenced...
  44. Ungpakorn R, Ayutyanont T, Reangchainam S, Supanya S. Treatment of Microsporum spp. tinea capitis with pulsed oral terbinafine. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2004;29:300-3 pubmed
    ..It is also useful in treating tinea capitis, although for Microsporum canis and some ectothrix organisms, the effectiveness of the drug may be less than for some endothrix ..
  45. Yamada T, Makimura K, Hirai A, Kano R, Hasegawa A, Uchida K, et al. Isolation of a promoter region of a secreted metalloprotease gene from Microsporum canis. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2004;57:25-8 pubmed
    MEP3 of Microsporum canis encodes a 43.5 kDa extracellular keratinolytic metalloprotease, which is thought to be one of the virulence-related factors in dermatophytosis...
  46. Zhang R, Ran Y, Dai Y, Zhang H, Lu Y. A case of kerion celsi caused by Microsporum gypseum in a boy following dermatoplasty for a scalp wound from a road accident. Med Mycol. 2011;49:90-3 pubmed publisher
    We report a rare case of kerion celsi of the scalp caused by Microsporum gypseum in a boy 1 month after he received dermatoplasty for a scalp injury from a road accident...
  47. Stergiopoulou T, De Lucca A, Meletiadis J, Sein T, Boue S, Schaufele R, et al. In vitro activity of CAY-1, a saponin from Capsicum frutescens, against Microsporum and Trichophyton species. Med Mycol. 2008;46:805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..rubrum, T. tonsurans and Microsporum canis...
  48. Aste N, Pinna A, Pau M, Biggio P. Kerion Celsi in a newborn due to Microsporum canis. Mycoses. 2004;47:236-7 pubmed
    The present study deals with a case of a 40-day-old girl with kerion Celsi caused by Microsporum canis. The source of the infection were the parents who presented tinea corporis caused by M. canis...
  49. Al Salahi R, Abuelizz H, Wadi M, El Dib R, Alotaibi M, Marzouk M. Antimicrobial Activity of Synthesized 2-Methylthiobenzo[g][1,2,4]- triazolo[1,5-a]quinazoline Derivatives. Med Chem. 2016;12:760-766 pubmed
    ..Cryptococcus neoformans (RCMB 05642), Candida tropicalis (RCMBA 05239), Penicillium expansum (RCMB 01924), Microsporum canis (RCMB 0834) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (RCMB 0925)...
  50. Endo E, Costa G, Nakamura T, Nakamura C, Dias Filho B. Antidermatophytic activity of hydroalcoholic extracts from Rosmarinus officinalis and Tetradenia riparia. J Mycol Med. 2015;25:274-9 pubmed publisher
    ..officinalis and T. riparia against strains of Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes and Microsporum gypseum. Hydroalcoholic extracts prepared with dried leaves from R. officinalis, Psidium guajava and T...
  51. Ayatollahi Mousavi S, Kazemi A. In vitro and in vivo antidermatophytic activities of some Iranian medicinal plants. Med Mycol. 2015;53:852-9 pubmed publisher
    ..which were ethno-medicinally used in Iran against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton interdigitale, Microsporum canis, and Microsporum gypseum (10 strain of each)...
  52. Costa J, Neves R, Delgado M, Lima Neto R, Morais V, Coêlho M. Dermatophytosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: clinical aspects and etiologic agents. Acta Trop. 2015;150:111-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Less common etiologic agents have been isolated in these individuals, such as Microsporum species...
  53. Bajpai V, Yoon J, Kang S. Antioxidant and antidermatophytic activities of essential oil and extracts of Magnolia liliflora Desr. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:2606-12 pubmed publisher
    ..5 to 500 and 250 to 2000 microg/ml against the members of Trichophyton and Microsporum spp...