malassezia

Summary

Summary: A mitosporic fungal genus that causes a variety of skin disorders. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes TINEA VERSICOLOR.

Top Publications

  1. Miranda K, de Araujo C, Soares A, de Aquino Lemos J, Souza L, do Rosário Rodrigues Silva M. [Identification of Malassezia species in patients with pityriasis versicolor in Goiânia-GO]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2006;39:582-3 pubmed
    ..study were to investigate the frequency of pityriasis versicolor occurrence and to identify yeasts of the genus Malassezia in patients at the mycology laboratory of the Federal University of Goiás, in Goiânia, State of Goiás...
  2. Limacher A, Glaser A, Meier C, Schmid Grendelmeier P, Zeller S, Scapozza L, et al. Cross-reactivity and 1.4-A crystal structure of Malassezia sympodialis thioredoxin (Mala s 13), a member of a new pan-allergen family. J Immunol. 2007;178:389-96 pubmed
    We have identified thioredoxins (Trx) of Malassezia sympodialis, a yeast involved in the pathogenesis of atopic eczema, and of Aspergillus fumigatus, a fungus involved in pulmonary complications, as novel IgE-binding proteins...
  3. Sugita T, Tajima M, Tsubuku H, Tsuboi R, Nishikawa A. Quantitative analysis of cutaneous malassezia in atopic dermatitis patients using real-time PCR. Microbiol Immunol. 2006;50:549-52 pubmed
    We quantified the cutaneous Malassezia in patients with atopic dermatitis using a real-time PCR assay. Seven to 12 times more Malassezia colonized the head and neck compared to the trunk or limbs, and the species M. globosa and M...
  4. Lee J, Kim B, Kim M. Photodynamic therapy: new treatment for recalcitrant Malassezia folliculitis. Lasers Surg Med. 2010;42:192-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia folliculitis commonly has been treated with oral antifungal medications...
  5. Ashbee H. Update on the genus Malassezia. Med Mycol. 2007;45:287-303 pubmed
    b>Malassezia yeasts are commensals of normal human skin, but also cause pityriasis versicolor, seborrhoeic dermatitis and evidence is accumulating that they play a significant role in atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS; formerly atopic ..
  6. Kim D, Lim Y, Ohk S, Kim B, Chun Y. Functional expression and characterization of CYP51 from dandruff-causing Malassezia globosa. FEMS Yeast Res. 2011;11:80-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia globosa is one of the most common yeasts to cause various human skin diseases including dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Genomic analysis of M. globosa revealed four putative cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes...
  7. Suzuki T, Hori N, Miyake T, Hori Y, Mochizuki K. Keratitis caused by a rare fungus, Malassezia restricta. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2007;51:292-4 pubmed
    b>Malassezia species rarely cause keratitis, and, thus, the clinical manifestations of Malassezia keratitis are not well known. We report the clinical findings in a 70-year-old woman who complained of pain in her left eye...
  8. Gupta A, Batra R, Bluhm R, Boekhout T, Dawson T. Skin diseases associated with Malassezia species. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51:785-98 pubmed
    The yeasts of the genus Malassezia have been associated with a number of diseases affecting the human skin, such as pityriasis versicolor, Malassezia (Pityrosporum) folliculitis, seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff, atopic dermatitis, ..
  9. Kruppa M, Lowman D, Chen Y, Selander C, Scheynius A, Monteiro M, et al. Identification of (1-->6)-beta-D-glucan as the major carbohydrate component of the Malassezia sympodialis cell wall. Carbohydr Res. 2009;344:2474-9 pubmed publisher
    Members of the genus Malassezia are commensal fungi found on the skin of both human and domestic animals and are associated with skin diseases including dandruff/seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis versicolor, and atopic eczema (AE) in ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Gaitanis G, Magiatis P, Hantschke M, Bassukas I, Velegraki A. The Malassezia genus in skin and systemic diseases. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2012;25:106-41 pubmed publisher
    In the last 15 years, the genus Malassezia has been a topic of intense basic research on taxonomy, physiology, biochemistry, ecology, immunology, and metabolomics. Currently, the genus encompasses 14 species...
  2. Takahata Y, Sugita T, Kato H, Nishikawa A, Hiruma M, Muto M. Cutaneous Malassezia flora in atopic dermatitis differs between adults and children. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157:1178-82 pubmed
    b>Malassezia species are suspected to be involved in the development of skin lesions in atopic dermatitis (AD) when the response of adult AD to anti-inflammatory treatments is poor...
  3. Xu J, Saunders C, Hu P, Grant R, Boekhout T, Kuramae E, et al. Dandruff-associated Malassezia genomes reveal convergent and divergent virulence traits shared with plant and human fungal pathogens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:18730-5 pubmed
    Fungi in the genus Malassezia are ubiquitous skin residents of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Malassezia are involved in disorders including dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis, which together affect >50% of humans...
  4. Krisanty R, Bramono K, Made Wisnu I. Identification of Malassezia species from pityriasis versicolor in Indonesia and its relationship with clinical characteristics. Mycoses. 2009;52:257-62 pubmed publisher
    Pityriasis versicolor (PV) is a chronic superficial fungal disease caused by Malassezia spp. The incidence is as high as 30-40% in tropical climates...
  5. Yamasaki S, Matsumoto M, Takeuchi O, Matsuzawa T, Ishikawa E, Sakuma M, et al. C-type lectin Mincle is an activating receptor for pathogenic fungus, Malassezia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:1897-902 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that Mincle specifically recognizes the Malassezia species among 50 different fungal species tested...
  6. Zargari A, Selander C, Rasool O, Ghanem M, Gadda G, Crameri R, et al. Mala s 12 is a major allergen in patients with atopic eczema and has sequence similarities to the GMC oxidoreductase family. Allergy. 2007;62:695-703 pubmed
    ..The yeast Malassezia belongs to the normal human skin microflora and can induce IgE- and T-cell-mediated allergic reactions in AE ..
  7. Cafarchia C, Otranto D. Association between phospholipase production by Malassezia pachydermatis and skin lesions. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:4868-9 pubmed
    An evaluation was made of the phospholipase activities of Malassezia pachydermatis strains isolated from healthy dogs versus those from dogs with dermatitis and otitis. A high percentage of strains of M...
  8. Gaitanis G, Velegraki A, Alexopoulos E, Kapsanaki Gotsi E, Zisova L, Ran Y, et al. Malassezia furfur fingerprints as possible markers for human phylogeography. ISME J. 2009;3:498-502 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia furfur was the first species described within the cosmopolitan yeast genus Malassezia, which now comprises 13 species. Reported isolation rates of these species from healthy and diseased human skin show geographic variations...
  9. Cafarchia C, Gasser R, Latrofa M, Parisi A, Campbell B, Otranto D. Genetic variants of Malassezia pachydermatis from canine skin: body distribution and phospholipase activity. FEMS Yeast Res. 2008;8:451-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia pachydermatis isolates (n=185) from skin sites from dogs (n=30) were characterized genetically and biochemically following in vitro culture...
  10. Duarte E, Hamdan J. RAPD differentiation of Malassezia spp. from cattle, dogs and humans. Mycoses. 2010;53:48-56 pubmed publisher
    The molecular characterization of Malassezia spp. isolates from animals and humans has not been thoroughly studied...
  11. Shibata N, Okanuma N, Hirai K, Arikawa K, Kimura M, Okawa Y. Isolation, characterization and molecular cloning of a lipolytic enzyme secreted from Malassezia pachydermatis. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;256:137-44 pubmed
    Lipophilic Malassezia species may induce catheter-associated sepsis in premature neonates and immunocompromised patients receiving parenteral lipid emulsions...
  12. Chaudhary R, Singh S, Banerjee T, Tilak R. Prevalence of different Malassezia species in pityriasis versicolor in central India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2010;76:159-64 pubmed publisher
    ..last 10 years, different studies have shown interesting geographical variations in the prevalence of different Malassezia species in pityriasis versicolor...
  13. Gao Z, Perez Perez G, Chen Y, Blaser M. Quantitation of major human cutaneous bacterial and fungal populations. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:3575-81 pubmed publisher
    ..for Propionibacterium, Corynebacterium, Streptococcus, and Staphylococcus and a fungal genus-specific probe for Malassezia. The extent of human DNA contamination of the specimen was determined by quantitating the human housekeeping ..
  14. Morris D. Malassezia pachydermatis carriage in dog owners. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:83-8 pubmed
    Yeasts of the genus Malassezia serve as both commensal microorganisms and pathogens on the skin of humans and domestic animals...
  15. Johansson C, Ahlborg N, Andersson A, Lundeberg L, Karlsson M, Scheynius A, et al. Elevated peripheral allergen-specific T cell response is crucial for a positive atopy patch test reaction. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2009;150:51-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Adult patients with atopic eczema (n = 64) and healthy controls (n = 24) were analyzed for reactivity to Malassezia sympodialis extract by APT, measurement of specific plasma IgE and in vitro determination of the frequency of ..
  16. Gonzalez A, Sierra R, Cardenas M, Grajales A, Restrepo S, Cepero de García M, et al. Physiological and molecular characterization of atypical isolates of Malassezia furfur. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:48-53 pubmed publisher
    The species constituting the genus Malassezia are considered to be emergent opportunistic yeasts of great importance...
  17. Sandström Falk M, Tengvall Linder M, Johansson C, Bartosik J, Back O, Särnhult T, et al. The prevalence of Malassezia yeasts in patients with atopic dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis and healthy controls. Acta Derm Venereol. 2005;85:17-23 pubmed
    Cultures for Malassezia yeasts were taken from both normal-looking skin and lesional skin in 124 patients with atopic dermatitis, 16 patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis and from normal skin of 31 healthy controls...
  18. Cannizzo F, Eraso E, Ezkurra P, Villar Vidal M, Bollo E, Castella G, et al. Biofilm development by clinical isolates of Malassezia pachydermatis. Med Mycol. 2007;45:357-61 pubmed
    b>Malassezia pachydermatis fungemia has been reported in patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Biofilm formation on catheters may be related to the pathogenesis of this mycosis. We investigated the biofilm-forming ability of 12 M...
  19. Sugita T, Zhang E, Tanaka T, Nishikawa A, Tajima M, Tsuboi R. [Recent advances in research on Malassezia microbiota in humans]. Med Mycol J. 2013;54:39-44 pubmed
    b>Malassezia species of lipophilic yeasts account for most fungal microbiota...
  20. Hay R. Malassezia, dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis: an overview. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165 Suppl 2:2-8 pubmed publisher
    From their original description, fungi of the genus Malassezia (previously Pityrosporum) have been associated with dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis...
  21. Vilhelmsson M, Johansson C, Jacobsson Ekman G, Crameri R, Zargari A, Scheynius A. The Malassezia sympodialis allergen Mala s 11 induces human dendritic cell maturation, in contrast to its human homologue manganese superoxide dismutase. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2007;143:155-62 pubmed
    Recently, we identified a major Malassezia sympodialis allergen, Mala s 11, which displays a high degree of DNA sequence homology to human manganese superoxide dismutase (hMnSOD). In atopic eczema patients sensitized to M...
  22. Levin N. Beyond spaghetti and meatballs: skin diseases associated with the Malassezia yeasts. Dermatol Nurs. 2009;21:7-13, 51; quiz 14 pubmed
    b>Malassezia are common lipid-dependent fungi that grow on the sebaceous areas of human skin, including the face, scalp, and upper trunk...
  23. Amaya M, Tajima M, Okubo Y, Sugita T, Nishikawa A, Tsuboi R. Molecular analysis of Malassezia microflora in the lesional skin of psoriasis patients. J Dermatol. 2007;34:619-24 pubmed
    ..To investigate the role of Malassezia species in the development of psoriasis, we analyzed the Malassezia microflora in psoriasis patients using a ..
  24. Kobayashi T, Kano R, Nagata M, Hasegawa A, Kamata H. Genotyping of Malassezia pachydermatis isolates from canine healthy skin and atopic dermatitis by internal spacer 1 (IGS1) region analysis. Vet Dermatol. 2011;22:401-5 pubmed publisher
    Isolates of Malassezia pachydermatis from healthy dog skin and from dogs with atopic dermatitis were molecularly characterized using internal spacer 1 (IGS1) region analyses, and their phospholipase A2 activity and pH growth profiles were ..
  25. Machado M, Ferreiro L, Ferreira R, Corbellini L, Deville M, Berthelemy M, et al. Malassezia dermatitis in dogs in Brazil: diagnosis, evaluation of clinical signs and molecular identification. Vet Dermatol. 2011;22:46-52 pubmed publisher
    Skin carriage and quantification of Malassezia yeasts were evaluated in 180 healthy dogs (group 1) and 117 dogs with clinical signs (pruritus, erythema, lichenification/seborrhoea, excoriations and alopecia) that could be related to ..
  26. Gaitanis G, Magiatis P, Stathopoulou K, Bassukas I, Alexopoulos E, Velegraki A, et al. AhR ligands, malassezin, and indolo[3,2-b]carbazole are selectively produced by Malassezia furfur strains isolated from seborrheic dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol. 2008;128:1620-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia yeasts are connected with seborrheic dermatitis (SD) whereas M. furfur pathogenicity is associated with the production of bioactive indoles. In this study, the production of indoles by M...
  27. DeAngelis Y, Saunders C, Johnstone K, Reeder N, Coleman C, Kaczvinsky J, et al. Isolation and expression of a Malassezia globosa lipase gene, LIP1. J Invest Dermatol. 2007;127:2138-46 pubmed
    ..Both result, in part, from metabolic activity of Malassezia globosa and Malassezia restricta, commensal basidiomycete yeasts commonly found on human scalps...
  28. Zhang H, Ran Y, Xie Z, Zhang R. Identification of Malassezia species in patients with seborrheic dermatitis in China. Mycopathologia. 2013;175:83-9 pubmed publisher
    The causes of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) are complex and incompletely understood. Among the factors, Malassezia yeasts have been reported to play a major etiological role in SD...
  29. Thomas D, Ingham E, Bojar R, Holland K. In vitro modulation of human keratinocyte pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production by the capsule of Malassezia species. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2008;54:203-14 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia spp. are commensal, cutaneous fungi that are implicated in seborrhoeic dermatitis. We hypothesize that the lipid-rich capsule of Malassezia spp...
  30. Kato H, Sugita T, Ishibashi Y, Nishikawa A. Detection and quantification of specific IgE antibodies against eight Malassezia species in sera of patients with atopic dermatitis by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Microbiol Immunol. 2006;50:851-6 pubmed
    The lipophilic yeast Malassezia, a member of the cutaneous microflora, is an exacerbating factor in atopic dermatitis (AD). Of the 11 currently recognized species, M. globosa and M...
  31. Lyakhovitsky A, Shemer A, Amichai B. Molecular analysis of Malassezia species isolated from Israeli patients with pityriasis versicolor. Int J Dermatol. 2013;52:231-3 pubmed publisher
    Pityriasis versicolor (PV) is a common superficial fungal infection of the skin caused by Malassezia species. The clinical significance of each of these species is not fully understood. M...
  32. Glaser A, Limacher A, Flückiger S, Scheynius A, Scapozza L, Crameri R. Analysis of the cross-reactivity and of the 1.5 A crystal structure of the Malassezia sympodialis Mala s 6 allergen, a member of the cyclophilin pan-allergen family. Biochem J. 2006;396:41-9 pubmed
    ..The three-dimensional structure of cyclophilin from the yeast Malassezia sympodialis (Mala s 6) has been determined at 1.5 A (1 A=0.1 nm) by X-ray diffraction...
  33. Ramadán S, Sortino M, Bulacio L, Marozzi M, López C, Ramos L. Prevalence of Malassezia species in patients with pityriasis versicolor in Rosario, Argentina. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2012;29:14-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia species are considered opportunistic yeasts of increasing clinical importance...
  34. Shibata N, Saitoh T, Tadokoro Y, Okawa Y. The cell wall galactomannan antigen from Malassezia furfur and Malassezia pachydermatis contains beta-1,6-linked linear galactofuranosyl residues and its detection has diagnostic potential. Microbiology. 2009;155:3420-9 pubmed publisher
    Lipophilic yeasts of the genus Malassezia are associated with several skin diseases, such as pityriasis versicolor, Malassezia folliculitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis, and are also increasingly associated with catheter-..
  35. Nagata R, Nagano H, Ogishima D, Nakamura Y, Hiruma M, Sugita T. Transmission of the major skin microbiota, Malassezia, from mother to neonate. Pediatr Int. 2012;54:350-5 pubmed publisher
    ..It is thought that early microbial colonization affects the development of skin immune functions. Although Malassezia is the predominant fungus in the skin microbiota in healthy individuals, the microorganism is associated with ..
  36. Arsic Arsenijevic V, Milobratovic D, Barac A, Vekić B, Marinkovic J, Kostic V. A laboratory-based study on patients with Parkinson's disease and seborrheic dermatitis: the presence and density of Malassezia yeasts, their different species and enzymes production. BMC Dermatol. 2014;14:5 pubmed publisher
    ..Aims of this study were: to determine severity of SD, presence of different species and density of Malassezia yeasts; to assess yeast lipases and phosphatases production in vitro and to compare these results between SD ..
  37. Mirhendi H, Makimura K, Zomorodian K, Yamada T, Sugita T, Yamaguchi H. A simple PCR-RFLP method for identification and differentiation of 11 Malassezia species. J Microbiol Methods. 2005;61:281-4 pubmed
    ..method targeted toward 26S rDNA and with 2 restriction enzymes, CfoI and BstF51, was developed to identify 11 Malassezia species...
  38. Juntachai W, Oura T, Kajiwara S. Purification and characterization of a secretory lipolytic enzyme, MgLIP2, from Malassezia globosa. Microbiology. 2011;157:3492-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia globosa is a lipid-dependent yeast that is found on the human skin and is associated with various skin disorders, including dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD)...
  39. Zomorodian K, Mirhendi H, Tarazooie B, Zeraati H, Hallaji Z, Balighi K. Distribution of Malassezia species in patients with psoriasis and healthy individuals in Tehran, Iran. J Cutan Pathol. 2008;35:1027-31 pubmed publisher
    Psoriasis is a non-contagious disorder that affects the skin as red scaly patches. Although the role of Malassezia species in the pathogenesis of psoriasis is still not fully understood, it is thought that these lipophilic yeasts might be ..
  40. Bayrou O, Pecquet C, Flahault A, Artigou C, Abuaf N, Leynadier F. Head and neck atopic dermatitis and malassezia-furfur-specific IgE antibodies. Dermatology. 2005;211:107-13 pubmed
    Atopic dermatitis of the head and neck (HNAD) has been recognized as a separate entity. Malassezia furfur, a lipophilic yeast, is considered to be a pathogenic allergen in this form of atopic dermatitis...
  41. Krämer H, Kessler D, Hipler U, Irlinger B, Hort W, Bödeker R, et al. Pityriarubins, novel highly selective inhibitors of respiratory burst from cultures of the yeast Malassezia furfur: comparison with the bisindolylmaleimide arcyriarubin A. Chembiochem. 2005;6:2290-7 pubmed
    Pityriasis versicolor is the most common skin mycosis in humans worldwide. Yeasts of the genus Malassezia, particularly M. furfur, a saprophyte occurring widely on human skin, are generally regarded as the causative agents. M...
  42. Machado M, Cafarchia C, Otranto D, Ferreira R, Bianchi S, Latrofa M, et al. Genetic variability and phospholipase production of Malassezia pachydermatis isolated from dogs with diverse grades of skin lesions. Med Mycol. 2010;48:889-92 pubmed publisher
    Little detailed information is available on the association of Malassezia pachydermatis genotypes and the extent of skin damage that they cause. In the present study, isolates of M...
  43. Affes M, Ben Salah S, Makni F, Sellami H, Ayadi A. Molecular identification of Malassezia species isolated from dermatitis affections. Mycoses. 2009;52:251-6 pubmed publisher
    The lipophilic yeast of the genus Malassezia are opportunistic microorganisms of the skin microflora but they can be agents of various dermatomycoses...
  44. Hort W, Mayser P. Malassezia virulence determinants. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2011;24:100-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia yeasts are associated with a number of dermatologic and systemic diseases in humans and animals. Pityriasis versicolor is amongst these diseases and represents one of the most common human skin diseases...
  45. Reeder N, Xu J, Youngquist R, Schwartz J, Rust R, Saunders C. The antifungal mechanism of action of zinc pyrithione. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165 Suppl 2:9-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular basis for the antifungal activity of the commonly used active ZPT has been elucidated, more than 50 years since its introduction, as utilizing a copper toxicity mechanism that targets critical iron-sulphur proteins. ..
  46. Magiatis P, Pappas P, Gaitanis G, Mexia N, Melliou E, Galanou M, et al. Malassezia yeasts produce a collection of exceptionally potent activators of the Ah (dioxin) receptor detected in diseased human skin. J Invest Dermatol. 2013;133:2023-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Malassezia yeasts are commensal microorganisms, which under insufficiently understood conditions can become pathogenic...
  47. Framil V, Melhem M, Szeszs M, Corneta E, Zaitz C. Pityriasis versicolor circinata: isolation of Malassezia sympodialis - Case report. An Bras Dermatol. 2010;85:227-8 pubmed
    The authors report a case of pityriasis versicolor circinata whose isolated etiologic agent was Malassezia sympodialis in a 34-year-old woman...
  48. Rodríguez Valero S, Mesa L, González Morán E, Delmonte M, Robertiz S, Valero A. [Phenotypic characterization of species of Malassezia in healthy skin of an university student population]. Invest Clin. 2005;46:329-35 pubmed
    The yeasts of the Malassezia genus are part of the normal skin of man and other vertebrates. The description of new species for this genus has induced on their study in several countries...
  49. Devlin R. Invasive fungal infections caused by Candida and Malassezia species in the neonatal intensive care unit. Adv Neonatal Care. 2006;6:68-77; quiz 78-9 pubmed
    ..Invasive infections caused by species of Candida or Malassezia have been documented in the NICU and are often associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
  50. Gaitanis G, Velegraki A, Mayser P, Bassukas I. Skin diseases associated with Malassezia yeasts: facts and controversies. Clin Dermatol. 2013;31:455-463 pubmed publisher
    The implication of the yeast genus Malassezia in skin diseases has been characterized by controversy, since the first description of the fungal nature of pityriasis versicolor in 1846 by Eichstedt...
  51. Zhao Y, Li L, Wang J, Kang K, Zhang Q. Cutaneous malasseziasis: four case reports of atypical dermatitis and onychomycosis caused by Malassezia. Int J Dermatol. 2010;49:141-5 pubmed publisher
    This study investigates four special cases associated with Malassezia.
  52. Framil V, Melhem M, Szeszs M, Corneta E, Zaitz C. [Pityriasis versicolor: isolation and identification of the main species of Malassezia]. An Bras Dermatol. 2010;85:111-4 pubmed
    Species of the genus Malassezia isolated were: Malassezia sympodialis (16.66%), Malassezia furfur (12.50%), Malassezia globosa (11.45%), and Malassezia slooffiae (2.10%). Malassezia sympodialis predominated in the study...
  53. Tylicki A, Ziolkowska G, Bolkun A, Siemieniuk M, Czerniecki J, Nowakiewicz A. Comparative study of the activity and kinetic properties of malate dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase from Candida albicans, Malassezia pachydermatis, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Can J Microbiol. 2008;54:734-41 pubmed publisher
    Candida albicans and Malassezia pachydermatis cause human and animal infections of the skin and internal organs...