cladosporium

Summary

Summary: A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including some economically important plant parasites. Teleomorphs include Mycosphaerella and Venturia.

Top Publications

  1. Konopińska A. Monitoring of Alternaria Ness and Cladosporium Link airborne spores in Lublin (Poland) in 2002. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2004;11:347-9 pubmed
    The concentration of Alternaria and Cladosporium spores was monitored throughout the year 2002 in Lublin (Eastern Poland). Fungal spores were sampled with Lanzoni VPPS 2000 volumetric spore trap...
  2. Shabab M, Shindo T, Gu C, Kaschani F, Pansuriya T, Chintha R, et al. Fungal effector protein AVR2 targets diversifying defense-related cys proteases of tomato. Plant Cell. 2008;20:1169-83 pubmed publisher
    The interaction between the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum and its host tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is an ideal model to study suppression of extracellular host defenses by pathogens. Secretion of protease inhibitor AVR2 by C...
  3. Krüger J, Thomas C, Golstein C, Dixon M, Smoker M, Tang S, et al. A tomato cysteine protease required for Cf-2-dependent disease resistance and suppression of autonecrosis. Science. 2002;296:744-7 pubmed
    ..a Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium gene bred into cultivated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum. Rcr3 encodes a secreted papain-like cysteine endoprotease...
  4. Rooney H, Van t Klooster J, van der Hoorn R, Joosten M, Jones J, de Wit P. Cladosporium Avr2 inhibits tomato Rcr3 protease required for Cf-2-dependent disease resistance. Science. 2005;308:1783-6 pubmed
    ..During infection, Cladosporium fulvum secretes Avr2 protein into the apoplast of tomato leaves and, in the presence of the extracellular ..
  5. de Wit P, van der Burgt A, Okmen B, Stergiopoulos I, Abd Elsalam K, Aerts A, et al. The genomes of the fungal plant pathogens Cladosporium fulvum and Dothistroma septosporum reveal adaptation to different hosts and lifestyles but also signatures of common ancestry. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003088 pubmed publisher
    We sequenced and compared the genomes of the Dothideomycete fungal plant pathogens Cladosporium fulvum (Cfu) (syn...
  6. Lacroix H, Whiteford J, Spanu P. Localization of Cladosporium fulvum hydrophobins reveals a role for HCf-6 in adhesion. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008;286:136-44 pubmed
    ..The tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum has six hydrophobin genes, HCf-1 to -6...
  7. Crous P, Schroers H, Groenewald J, Braun U, Schubert K. Metulocladosporiella gen. nov. for the causal organism of Cladosporium speckle disease of banana. Mycol Res. 2006;110:264-75 pubmed
    b>Cladosporium musae, a widespread leaf-spotting hyphomycete on Musa spp., is genetically and morphologically distinct from Cladosporium s. str. (Davidiella anamorphs, Mycosphaerellaceae, Dothideales)...
  8. Bolton M, van Esse H, Vossen J, de Jonge R, Stergiopoulos I, Stulemeijer I, et al. The novel Cladosporium fulvum lysin motif effector Ecp6 is a virulence factor with orthologues in other fungal species. Mol Microbiol. 2008;69:119-36 pubmed publisher
    During tomato leaf colonization, the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum secretes several effector proteins into the apoplast...
  9. Kruijt M, Kip D, Joosten M, Brandwagt B, de Wit P. The Cf-4 and Cf-9 resistance genes against Cladosporium fulvum are conserved in wild tomato species. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2005;18:1011-21 pubmed
    ..pimpinellifolium and confer resistance to strains of the leaf mold fungus Cladosporium fulvum that secrete the Avr4 and Avr9 elicitor proteins, respectively...

More Information

Publications67

  1. Luderer R, Takken F, de Wit P, Joosten M. Cladosporium fulvum overcomes Cf-2-mediated resistance by producing truncated AVR2 elicitor proteins. Mol Microbiol. 2002;45:875-84 pubmed
    The Cf-2 gene of tomato confers resistance to strains of the biotrophic pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum carrying avirulence gene Avr2...
  2. Ding L, Qin S, Li F, Chi X, Laatsch H. Isolation, antimicrobial activity, and metabolites of fungus Cladosporium sp. associated with red alga Porphyra yezoensis. Curr Microbiol. 2008;56:229-35 pubmed publisher
    b>Cladosporium sp. isolate N5 was isolated as a dominant fungus from the healthy conchocelis of Porphyra yezoensis. In the re-infection test, it did not cause any pathogenic symptoms in the alga...
  3. Gao Y, Chen S, Hu M, Hu Q, Luo J, Li Y. Purification and characterization of a novel chlorpyrifos hydrolase from Cladosporium cladosporioides Hu-01. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38137 pubmed publisher
    ..chlorpyrifos as the sole carbon source was isolated from organophosphate-contaminated soil and characterized as Cladosporium cladosporioides Hu-01 (collection number: CCTCC M 20711)...
  4. Zhdanova N, Redchits T, Lashko T, Zheltonozhskiĭ V, Sadovnikov L. [Destruction of radioactive particles by strains of Cladosporium cladosporoides (FRES.) de Vries]. Mikrobiol Z. 2002;64:47-56 pubmed
    Reactions on the ionizing radiation of 14 Cladosporium cladosporioides strains were studied. Only 5 of them displayed radiotropizm. The ability of C. cladosporioides strains 4 and 5 with positive radiotropizm and museum C...
  5. Stulemeijer I, Stratmann J, Joosten M. Tomato mitogen-activated protein kinases LeMPK1, LeMPK2, and LeMPK3 are activated during the Cf-4/Avr4-induced hypersensitive response and have distinct phosphorylation specificities. Plant Physiol. 2007;144:1481-94 pubmed
    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants with the Cf-4 resistance gene recognize strains of the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum that secrete the avirulence protein Avr4...
  6. Peng J, Lin T, Wang W, Xin Z, Zhu T, Gu Q, et al. Antiviral alkaloids produced by the mangrove-derived fungus Cladosporium sp. PJX-41. J Nat Prod. 2013;76:1133-40 pubmed publisher
    ..5), together with eight known alkaloids (6-13), were isolated from the culture of the mangrove-derived fungus Cladosporium sp. PJX-41. Their structures were elucidated primarily by spectroscopic and physical data...
  7. Wu L, Jin Y, Yin C, Bai L. Co-transformation of Panax major ginsenosides Rb? and Rg? to minor ginsenosides C-K and F? by Cladosporium cladosporioides. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;39:521-7 pubmed publisher
    ..GH21 was identified as a Cladosporium cladosporioides species based on the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) ITS1-5...
  8. Grinn Gofron A, Strzelczak A. Hourly predictive artificial neural network and multivariate regression tree models of Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in Szczecin (Poland). Int J Biometeorol. 2009;53:555-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The spores analysed belonged to the taxa Alternaria and Cladosporium. These spores were selected both for their allergenic capacity and for their high level presence in the ..
  9. Chou H, Tam M, Lee L, Chiang C, Tai H, Panzani R, et al. Vacuolar serine protease is a major allergen of Cladosporium cladosporioides. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2008;146:277-86 pubmed publisher
    b>Cladosporium is an important allergenic fungus worldwide. We report here a major allergen of C. cladosporioides.
  10. van Esse H, Thomma B, Van t Klooster J, de Wit P. Affinity-tags are removed from Cladosporium fulvum effector proteins expressed in the tomato leaf apoplast. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:599-608 pubmed
    b>Cladosporium fulvum (syn. Passalora fulva) is a biotrophic fungal pathogen that causes leaf mould on tomato (Solanum esculentum)...
  11. van Esse H, Van t Klooster J, Bolton M, Yadeta K, van Baarlen P, Boeren S, et al. The Cladosporium fulvum virulence protein Avr2 inhibits host proteases required for basal defense. Plant Cell. 2008;20:1948-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Cladosporium fulvum (syn. Passalora fulva) is a biotrophic fungal pathogen that causes leaf mold of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)...
  12. Stergiopoulos I, de Kock M, Lindhout P, de Wit P. Allelic variation in the effector genes of the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum reveals different modes of adaptive evolution. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:1271-83 pubmed
    ..variation in four avirulence (Avr) and four extracellular protein (Ecp)-encoding genes of the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum was analyzed for a worldwide collection of strains...
  13. Lago J, Ramos C, Casanova D, Morandim A, Bergamo D, Cavalheiro A, et al. Benzoic acid derivatives from Piper species and their fungitoxic activity against Cladosporium cladosporioides and C. sphaerospermum. J Nat Prod. 2004;67:1783-8 pubmed
    ..The antifungal activity of these compounds was evaluated by bioautographic TLC assay against Cladosporium cladosporioides and C. sphaerospermum.
  14. van der Hoorn R, Kamoun S. From Guard to Decoy: a new model for perception of plant pathogen effectors. Plant Cell. 2008;20:2009-17 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the differences between the Guard and Decoy Models and their variants, hypothesize how decoys might have evolved, and suggest ways to challenge the Decoy Model...
  15. Wang X, Radwan M, Taráwneh A, Gao J, Wedge D, Rosa L, et al. Antifungal activity against plant pathogens of metabolites from the endophytic fungus Cladosporium cladosporioides. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:4551-5 pubmed publisher
    Bioassay-guided fractionation of Cladosporium cladosporioides (Fresen.) de Vries extracts led to the isolation of four compounds, including cladosporin, 1; isocladosporin, 2; 5'-hydroxyasperentin, 3; and cladosporin-8-methyl ether, 4...
  16. Nüss D, Goettig P, Magler I, Denk U, Breitenbach M, Schneider P, et al. Crystal structure of the NADP-dependent mannitol dehydrogenase from Cladosporium herbarum: Implications for oligomerisation and catalysis. Biochimie. 2010;92:985-93 pubmed publisher
    The ascomycete Cladosporium herbarum is a prominent fungal inducer of Type I allergy. The only major allergen identified so far is Cla h 8, a NADP-dependent mannitol dehydrogenase (MtDH). MtDH, a cytoplasmic protein of 28...
  17. Jadulco R, Proksch P, Wray V, Sudarsono -, Berg A, Grafe U. New macrolides and furan carboxylic acid derivative from the sponge-derived fungus Cladosporium herbarum. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:527-30 pubmed
    Bioassay-guided fractionation of organic extracts of Cladosporium herbarum, isolated from the marine sponge Callyspongia aerizusa, yielded two new macrolide metabolites: pandangolide 3 and 4 (1 and 2) and the known fungal metabolites ..
  18. Vinatzer B, Patocchi A, Gianfranceschi L, Tartarini S, Zhang H, Gessler C, et al. Apple contains receptor-like genes homologous to the Cladosporium fulvum resistance gene family of tomato with a cluster of genes cosegregating with Vf apple scab resistance. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:508-15 pubmed
    ..We report the identification of a cluster of receptor-like genes with homology to the Cladosporium fulvum (Cf) resistance gene family of tomato on bacterial artificial chromosome clones derived from the Vf scab ..
  19. Calixto R, Mattos B, Bittencourt V, Lopes L, Souza L, Sassaki G, et al. ?-Galactofuranose-containing structures present in the cell wall of the saprophytic fungus Cladosporium (Hormoconis) resinae. Res Microbiol. 2010;161:720-8 pubmed publisher
    A peptidogalactomannan was isolated from mycelia of Cladosporium (Hormoconis) resinae and characterized using methylation-fragmentation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis and ¹H and ¹³C-NMR spectroscopy...
  20. Chen S, Liu C, Peng C, Liu H, Hu M, Zhong G. Biodegradation of chlorpyrifos and its hydrolysis product 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol by a new fungal strain Cladosporium cladosporioides Hu-01. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47205 pubmed publisher
    ..here that a new fungal strain Hu-01 with high chlorpyrifos-degradation activity was isolated and identified as Cladosporium cladosporioides based on the morphology and 5.8S rDNA gene analysis...
  21. Hamayun M, Khan S, Khan A, Rehman G, Kim Y, Iqbal I, et al. Gibberellin production and plant growth promotion from pure cultures of Cladosporium sp. MH-6 isolated from cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Mycologia. 2010;102:989-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The fungal isolate MH-6 was identified as a new strain of Cladosporium sp. on the basis of sequence homology (99%) and phylogenetic analysis of 18S rDNA sequence.
  22. Stergiopoulos I, van den Burg H, Okmen B, Beenen H, van Liere S, Kema G, et al. Tomato Cf resistance proteins mediate recognition of cognate homologous effectors from fungi pathogenic on dicots and monocots. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:7610-5 pubmed publisher
    ..During infection of its host tomato, Cladosporium fulvum secretes effectors that function as virulence factors in the absence of cognate Cf resistance proteins ..
  23. Van den Hooven H, van den Burg H, Vossen P, Boeren S, de Wit P, Vervoort J. Disulfide bond structure of the AVR9 elicitor of the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum: evidence for a cystine knot. Biochemistry. 2001;40:3458-66 pubmed
    ..The AVR9 elicitor from the fungus Cladosporium fulvum induces defense responses in tomato plants carrying the Cf-9 resistance gene...
  24. Whiteford J, Spanu P. The hydrophobin HCf-1 of Cladosporium fulvum is required for efficient water-mediated dispersal of conidia. Fungal Genet Biol. 2001;32:159-68 pubmed
    Six hydrophobin genes (HCf-1 to -6) have thus far been identified in the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. HCf-1 to -4 are Class I hydrophobins and HCf-5 and -6 are Class II hydrophobins...
  25. Mukherjee I, Mittal A. Bioremediation of endosulfan using Aspergillus terreus and Cladosporium oxysporum. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2005;75:1034-40 pubmed
  26. Westerink N, Brandwagt B, de Wit P, Joosten M. Cladosporium fulvum circumvents the second functional resistance gene homologue at the Cf-4 locus (Hcr9-4E ) by secretion of a stable avr4E isoform. Mol Microbiol. 2004;54:533-45 pubmed
    ..MM-Cf0) has resulted in the near-isogenic line MM-Cf4 that confers resistance to the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. At the Cf-4 locus, five homologues of Cladosporium resistance gene Cf-9 (Hcr9s) are present...
  27. de Jong C, Takken F, Cai X, de Wit P, Joosten M. Attenuation of Cf-mediated defense responses at elevated temperatures correlates with a decrease in elicitor-binding sites. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:1040-9 pubmed
    The interaction between the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum and its only host, tomato, is a well-described gene-for-gene system and several resistance (Cf) genes of tomato and matching fungal avirulence (Avr) genes have been ..
  28. Lacroix H, Spanu P. Silencing of six hydrophobins in Cladosporium fulvum: complexities of simultaneously targeting multiple genes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:542-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and expressed inverted repeat chimeras from the first exons of the six known hydrophobins of the fungus Cladosporium fulvum, the causal agent of tomato leaf mold...
  29. Balaji D, Basavaraja S, Deshpande R, Mahesh D, Prabhakar B, Venkataraman A. Extracellular biosynthesis of functionalized silver nanoparticles by strains of Cladosporium cladosporioides fungus. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2009;68:88-92 pubmed publisher
    ..investigation, we report the extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) employing the fungus Cladosporium cladosporioides. The extracellular solution of C...
  30. Hollins P, Kettlewell P, Atkinson M, Stephenson D, Corden J, Millington W, et al. Relationships between airborne fungal spore concentration of Cladosporium and the summer climate at two sites in Britain. Int J Biometeorol. 2004;48:137-41 pubmed
    b>Cladosporium conidia have been shown to be important aeroallergens in many regions throughout the world, but annual spore concentrations vary considerably between years...
  31. Richards G, Beuchat L. Infection of cantaloupe rind with Cladosporium cladosporioides and Penicillium expansum, and associated migration of Salmonella poona into edible tissues. Int J Food Microbiol. 2005;103:1-10 pubmed
    A study was undertaken to determine if the growth of two phytopathogens, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Penicillium expansum, in wounds on cantaloupe rinds facilitates migration of Salmonella poona into subsurface mesocarp tissues...
  32. Zeng Q, Westermark S, Rasmuson Lestander A, Wang X. Detection and quantification of Cladosporium in aerosols by real-time PCR. J Environ Monit. 2006;8:153-60 pubmed
    b>Cladosporium is one of the most common airborne molds found in indoor and outdoor environments...
  33. van den Burg H, Spronk C, Boeren S, Kennedy M, Vissers J, Vuister G, et al. Binding of the AVR4 elicitor of Cladosporium fulvum to chitotriose units is facilitated by positive allosteric protein-protein interactions: the chitin-binding site of AVR4 represents a novel binding site on the folding scaffold shared between the in. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:16786-96 pubmed
    ..Current data confirm that the race-specific elicitor AVR4 of the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum can protect fungi against plant chitinases, which is based on the presence of a novel type of ChBD in ..
  34. Stergiopoulos I, Groenewald M, Staats M, Lindhout P, Crous P, de Wit P. Mating-type genes and the genetic structure of a world-wide collection of the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. Fungal Genet Biol. 2007;44:415-29 pubmed
    ..genes, designated MAT1-1-1 and MAT1-2-1, were cloned and sequenced from the presumed asexual ascomycete Cladosporium fulvum (syn. Passalora fulva)...
  35. Pöll V, Denk U, Shen H, Panzani R, Dissertori O, Lackner P, et al. The vacuolar serine protease, a cross-reactive allergen from Cladosporium herbarum. Mol Immunol. 2009;46:1360-73 pubmed publisher
    ..a common phenomenon within fungal species we wanted to know whether this protein also represents an allergen in Cladosporium herbarum. Hence, a screening of a C...
  36. Stulemeijer I, Joosten M, Jensen O. Quantitative phosphoproteomics of tomato mounting a hypersensitive response reveals a swift suppression of photosynthetic activity and a differential role for hsp90 isoforms. J Proteome Res. 2009;8:1168-82 pubmed publisher
    ..of phosphorylation cascades, when challenged with the Avr4 elicitor secreted by the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum...
  37. Breitenbach M, Simon Nobbe B. The allergens of Cladosporium herbarum and Alternaria alternata. Chem Immunol. 2002;81:48-72 pubmed
  38. Gabriëls S, Vossen J, Ekengren S, van Ooijen G, Abd El Haliem A, van den Berg G, et al. An NB-LRR protein required for HR signalling mediated by both extra- and intracellular resistance proteins. Plant J. 2007;50:14-28 pubmed
    ..resistance genes confer hypersensitive response (HR)-associated resistance to strains of the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum that express the matching avirulence (Avr) gene...
  39. Solomon P, Oliver R. The nitrogen content of the tomato leaf apoplast increases during infection by Cladosporium fulvum. Planta. 2001;213:241-9 pubmed
    ..of phyto-pathogenic fungi growing in planta, the environment for the intercellular biotrophic pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum Cooke, of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) was analysed...
  40. Luderer R, Rivas S, Nürnberger T, Mattei B, Van den Hooven H, Van der Hoorn R, et al. No evidence for binding between resistance gene product Cf-9 of tomato and avirulence gene product AVR9 of Cladosporium fulvum. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:867-76 pubmed
    ..studies between the R gene product Cf-9 of tomato and the Avr gene product AVR9 of the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum...
  41. van Esse H, Bolton M, Stergiopoulos I, de Wit P, Thomma B. The chitin-binding Cladosporium fulvum effector protein Avr4 is a virulence factor. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:1092-101 pubmed
    The biotrophic fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum (syn. Passalora fulva) is the causal agent of tomato leaf mold. The Avr4 protein belongs to a set of effectors that is secreted by C...
  42. Clark A, Blissett K, Oliver R. Investigating the role of polyols in Cladosporium fulvum during growth under hyper-osmotic stress and in planta. Planta. 2003;216:614-9 pubmed
    The role of the large amounts of polyols accumulated by the fungal tomato pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum (syn. Fulvia fulva, Cooke) both in planta and in axenic cultures has been examined...
  43. Solomon P, Oliver R. Evidence that gamma-aminobutyric acid is a major nitrogen source during Cladosporium fulvum infection of tomato. Planta. 2002;214:414-20 pubmed
    The growth of the biotrophic pathogen Cladosporium fulvum within the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) leaf is restricted to the intercellular space...
  44. Pethkar A, Kulkarni S, Paknikar K. Comparative studies on metal biosorption by two strains of Cladosporium cladosporioides. Bioresour Technol. 2001;80:211-5 pubmed
    Two strains of a fungus, Cladosporium cladosporioides 1 and C. cladosporioides 2 showed different metal biosorption properties...
  45. Rodríguez Rajo F, Iglesias I, Jato V. Variation assessment of airborne Alternaria and Cladosporium spores at different bioclimatical conditions. Mycol Res. 2005;109:497-507 pubmed
    ..In this way monitoring of Cladosporium cladosporioides, C. herbarum and Alternaria spp...
  46. Okmen B, Etalo D, Joosten M, Bouwmeester H, De Vos R, Collemare J, et al. Detoxification of ?-tomatine by Cladosporium fulvum is required for full virulence on tomato. New Phytol. 2013;198:1203-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Although pathogenic on tomato, it has been reported that the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum is unable to detoxify ?-tomatine...
  47. de Jonge R, van Esse H, Kombrink A, Shinya T, Desaki Y, Bours R, et al. Conserved fungal LysM effector Ecp6 prevents chitin-triggered immunity in plants. Science. 2010;329:953-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that the LysM domain-containing effector protein Ecp6 of the fungal plant pathogen Cladosporium fulvum mediates virulence through perturbation of chitin-triggered host immunity...
  48. van den Burg H, Harrison S, Joosten M, Vervoort J, de Wit P. Cladosporium fulvum Avr4 protects fungal cell walls against hydrolysis by plant chitinases accumulating during infection. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:1420-30 pubmed
    Resistance against the leaf mold fungus Cladosporium fulvum is mediated by the tomato Cf proteins which belong to the class of receptor-like proteins and indirectly recognize extracellular avirulence proteins (Avrs) of the fungus...
  49. Wulff B, Chakrabarti A, Jones D. Recognitional specificity and evolution in the tomato-Cladosporium fulvum pathosystem. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:1191-202 pubmed publisher
    ..In the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum syn. Solanum lycopersicum)-Cladosporium fulvum (leaf mold fungus syn...
  50. Song J, Win J, Tian M, Schornack S, Kaschani F, Ilyas M, et al. Apoplastic effectors secreted by two unrelated eukaryotic plant pathogens target the tomato defense protease Rcr3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:1654-9 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; This model is nicely illustrated by the interaction between the fungal plant pathogen Cladosporium fulvum and tomato. C...
  51. Wirsel S, Runge Froböse C, Ahren D, Kemen E, Oliver R, Mendgen K. Four or more species of Cladosporium sympatrically colonize Phragmites australis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2002;35:99-113 pubmed
    A collection of Cladosporium has been recovered from common reed growing at Lake Constance (Germany). High-resolution cryo-scanning electron microscopy revealed that Cladosporium isolates from reed are diverse...
  52. Zhang P, Zhou P, Yu L. An endophytic taxol-producing fungus from Taxus media, Cladosporium cladosporioides MD2. Curr Microbiol. 2009;59:227-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Strain MD2 was identified as Cladosporium cladosporioides according to morphology of the fungal culture, characteristics of the spores, and analysis of ..
  53. Segers G, Bradshaw N, Archer D, Blissett K, Oliver R. Alcohol oxidase is a novel pathogenicity factor for Cladosporium fulvum, but aldehyde dehydrogenase is dispensable. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:367-77 pubmed
    ..These results identify alcohol oxidase as a novel pathogenicity factor and are discussed in relation to peroxisomal metabolism of fungal pathogens during growth in planta...
  54. Potin O, Veignie E, Rafin C. Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Cladosporium sphaerospermum isolated from an aged PAH contaminated soil. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2004;51:71-8 pubmed
    The ability of a Deuteromycete fungus, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, previously isolated from soil of an aged gas manufacturing plant, to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was investigated...
  55. Rivas S, Thomas C. Molecular interactions between tomato and the leaf mold pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2005;43:395-436 pubmed
    The interaction between tomato and the leaf mold pathogen Cladosporium fulvum is controlled in a gene-for-gene manner...
  56. Wang C, Cai X, Zheng Z. High humidity represses Cf-4/Avr4- and Cf-9/Avr9-dependent hypersensitive cell death and defense gene expression. Planta. 2005;222:947-56 pubmed
    ..The pathosystem of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and its leaf mold fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum is a model system to study gene-for-gene resistance...
  57. Moore J, Xu J, Millar B, Elshibly S. Edible dates (Phoenix dactylifera), a potential source of Cladosporium cladosporioides and Sporobolomyces roseus: implications for public health. Mycopathologia. 2002;154:25-8 pubmed
    ..8S-28S rRNA ITS region. Sequence analysis identified these to be Cladosporium cladosporioides (230 cfu/g) and Sporobolomyces roseus...
  58. Paul D, Park K. Identification of volatiles produced by Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1, a fungal biocontrol agent that promotes plant growth. Sensors (Basel). 2013;13:13969-77 pubmed publisher
    ..The biocontrol fungi, Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1 significantly improved the growth of tobacco seedlings in vitro when they were co-..