mitosporic fungi


Summary: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.

Top Publications

  1. Baudoin J, Guerold F, Felten V, Chauvet E, Wagner P, Rousselle P. Elevated aluminium concentration in acidified headwater streams lowers aquatic hyphomycete diversity and impairs leaf-litter breakdown. Microb Ecol. 2008;56:260-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Leaf breakdown rate was drastically reduced under acidic conditions raising the issue of whether the functioning of headwater ecosystems could be impaired by a loss of aquatic hyphomycete species...
  2. Krauss G, Solé M, Krauss G, Schlosser D, Wesenberg D, Bärlocher F. Fungi in freshwaters: ecology, physiology and biochemical potential. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2011;35:620-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The same capabilities occur in freshwater fungi. This suggests a largely ignored role of these organisms in attenuating pollutant loads in freshwaters and their potential use in environmental biotechnology...
  3. Seena S, Duarte S, Pascoal C, Cássio F. Intraspecific variation of the aquatic fungus Articulospora tetracladia: an ubiquitous perspective. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35884 pubmed publisher
    ..tetracladia genotypes were geographically widespread irrespective of sampling time, sites or substrates. Furthermore, PCR-DGGE appeared to be a rapid tool for assessing intraspecific diversity of aquatic hyphomycetes. ..
  4. Fernandes I, Pascoal C, Cássio F. Intraspecific traits change biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning under metal stress. Oecologia. 2011;166:1019-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings emphasize the importance of intraspecific diversity in modulating diversity effects under metal stress, providing evidence that trait-based diversity measures should be incorporated when examining biodiversity effects...
  5. Lezama Gutierrez R, Trujillo de la Luz A, Molina Ochoa J, Rebolledo Dominguez O, Pescador A, López Edwards M, et al. Virulence of Metarhizium anisopliae (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) on Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae): laboratory and field trials. J Econ Entomol. 2000;93:1080-4 pubmed
    ..M. anisopliae may offer a preferable alternative to chemicals as a biological control agent against A. ludens...
  6. Nikolcheva L, Cockshutt A, Bärlocher F. Determining diversity of freshwater fungi on decaying leaves: comparison of traditional and molecular approaches. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:2548-54 pubmed
    ..Since traditional and molecular techniques assess different aspects of the fungal organism, both are essential for a balanced view of fungal succession on leaves decaying in streams...
  7. Blanford S, Chan B, Jenkins N, Sim D, Turner R, Read A, et al. Fungal pathogen reduces potential for malaria transmission. Science. 2005;308:1638-41 pubmed
    ..Residual sprays of fungal biopesticides might replace or supplement chemical insecticides for malaria control, particularly in areas of high insecticide resistance...
  8. Belliveau M, Bärlocher F. Molecular evidence confirms multiple origins of aquatic hyphomycetes. Mycol Res. 2005;109:1407-17 pubmed
    ..The nSSU rDNA sequences of several species were identical (e.g. Anguillospora crassa and A. furtiva), suggesting the need to include less conservative genes for resolving such differences...
  9. Duarte S, Pascoal C, Cássio F, Bärlocher F. Aquatic hyphomycete diversity and identity affect leaf litter decomposition in microcosms. Oecologia. 2006;147:658-66 pubmed
    ..Our results also suggest that specific traits of certain species may have a greater influence on ecosystem functioning than species number...

More Information

Publications153 found, 100 shown here

  1. Gupta A, Taborda P, Sanzovo A. Alternate week and combination itraconazole and terbinafine therapy for chromoblastomycosis caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi in Brazil. Med Mycol. 2002;40:529-34 pubmed
    ..Some success with alternative week therapy was also noted in one patient. The favorable response and lack of significant adverse effects suggests that these regimens may be an option for some patients with chromoblastomycosis...
  2. Canafoglia M, Comerio R, Fernández Pinto V, Vaamonde G. [Putative mycotoxin-producing fungi isolated from alpataco (Prosopis flexuosa) fruits]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2007;24:56-8 pubmed
    ..Since one isolate was able to produce AME, six isolates produced AOH and AME and two isolates produced AOH, AME and TA, these results indicate a potential risk of contamination with Alternaria toxins in this substrate...
  3. Nordøy I, Gaustad P. [Drug resistance in the treatment of invasive fungal infections]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008;128:2607-11 pubmed
    ..The incidence of natural resistant fungi is increasing. Our main current challenge is therefore to rapidly and precisely identify the fungi so the proper drug is used to quickly initiate treatment on the correct indication. ..
  4. Spriet I, Lambrecht C, Lagrou K, Verhamme B. Successful eradication of Scytalidium dimidiatum-induced ungual and cutaneous infection with voriconazole. Eur J Dermatol. 2012;22:197-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the successful treatment of extensive cutaneous infection and onychomycosis caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum in a 30-year old Nigerian woman. ..
  5. Togitani K, Kobayashi M, Sakai M, Uemura Y, Taguchi H, Morita T, et al. Ethmoidal sinusitis caused by Exserohilum rostratum in a patient with malignant lymphoma after non-myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Transpl Infect Dis. 2007;9:137-41 pubmed
    ..We believe this is the first description of E. rostratum infection in a patient who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. ..
  6. Singh M, Srivastava S, Rawat A. Antimicrobial activities of Indian Berberis species. Fitoterapia. 2007;78:574-6 pubmed
    ..B. aristata root extract gave low MICs values against Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus flavus while stem extract against B. cereus and Streptococcus pneumoniae...
  7. Impullitti A, Malvick D. Fungal endophyte diversity in soybean. J Appl Microbiol. 2013;114:1500-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that CD and CI methods should be used to study endophytes in soybean and perhaps other annual crop plants. ..
  8. Szymanska J. Antifungal efficacy of hydrogen peroxide in dental unit waterline disinfection. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006;13:313-7 pubmed
    ..The application of agent containing hydrogen peroxide caused a significant decrease both in the number of total fungi and individual fungal species, which confirms the product effectiveness in fungal decontamination of DUWL. ..
  9. Hsiue H, Huang Y, Kuo Y, Liao C, Chang T, Hsueh P. Rapid identification of fungal pathogens in positive blood cultures using oligonucleotide array hybridization. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010;16:493-500 pubmed publisher
    ..From the time at which growth was detected in blood cultures, the entire identification procedure could be completed within 16-24 h. ..
  10. Belmonte R, Cruz C, Pires J, Daffre S. Purification and characterization of Hb 98-114: a novel hemoglobin-derived antimicrobial peptide from the midgut of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Peptides. 2012;37:120-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Importantly, Hb 98-114 may play an important role in defending the tick midgut against fungal pathogens and is the first hemocidin with specific antifungal activity to be characterized. ..
  11. Vasconcelos I, Morais J, Siebra E, Carlini C, Sousa D, Beltramini L, et al. SBTX, a new toxic protein distinct from soyatoxin and other toxic soybean [Glycine max] proteins, and its inhibitory effect on Cercospora sojina growth. Toxicon. 2008;51:952-63 pubmed publisher
    ..This effect on phytopathogenic fungus is a potential attribute for the development of transgenic plants with enhanced resistance to pathogens. ..
  12. Yan L, Qian Y. Cloning and heterologous expression of SS10, a subtilisin-like protease displaying antifungal activity from Trichoderma harzianum. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2009;290:54-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The subtilisin-like protease exerted broad-spectrum antifungal activity against Alternaria alternata, Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Cytospora chrysosperma. ..
  13. Weitzel N, Puskas F, Cleveland J, Levi M, Seres T. Left ventricular assist device outflow cannula obstruction by the rare environmental fungus Myceliophthora thermophila. Anesth Analg. 2009;108:73-5 pubmed publisher
    ..After replacement of the infected device and intensive antifungal treatment, heart transplantation was performed 2 yr later. ..
  14. Shetty K, Giannini P, Achong R. Chronic craniofacial dematiaceous fungal infection: a case report. Spec Care Dentist. 2006;26:155-8 pubmed
    ..The patient was successfully treated with oral itraconazole by otolaryngology and the infectious disease service. ..
  15. Sole M, Fetzer I, Wennrich R, Sridhar K, Harms H, Krauss G. Aquatic hyphomycete communities as potential bioindicators for assessing anthropogenic stress. Sci Total Environ. 2008;389:557-65 pubmed Thérry), Tumularia aquatica (Ingold) and Lemonniera aquatica (De Wild) being most sensitive. We propose that aquatic hyphomycete communities can be used as sensitive and integrative indicators for freshwater quality. ..
  16. Azevedo M, Almeida B, Ludovico P, Cássio F. Metal stress induces programmed cell death in aquatic fungi. Aquat Toxicol. 2009;92:264-70 pubmed publisher
  17. González Teuber M, Pozo M, Muck A, Svatos A, Adame Alvarez R, Heil M. Glucanases and chitinases as causal agents in the protection of Acacia extrafloral nectar from infestation by phytopathogens. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:1705-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that PR proteins causally underlie the protection of Acacia EFN from microorganisms and that acidic and basic glucanases likely represent the most important prerequisite in this defensive function. ..
  18. Olishevska S, Ayzenberg V, Vasylevska A, Zhdanova N, Kurchenko I, Kapichon G, et al. Endoglucanase-producing micromycetes capable of plant wastes degrading. Ukr Biokhim Zh (1999). 2009;81:100-5 pubmed
    ..As a result, 15 strains of mesophilous and thermotolerant micromycetes with high endoglucanase activity were selected among fungi of Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Corynascus genera. ..
  19. Solomon P, Waters O, Oliver R. Decoding the mannitol enigma in filamentous fungi. Trends Microbiol. 2007;15:257-62 pubmed
    ..These recent studies have provided a much needed focus on this mysterious metabolite and make this a fitting time to review the roles and metabolism of mannitol in filamentous fungi. ..
  20. Selosse M, Vohník M, Chauvet E. Out of the rivers: are some aquatic hyphomycetes plant endophytes?. New Phytol. 2008;178:3-7 pubmed publisher
  21. Therese K, Bagyalakshmi R, Madhavan H, Deepa P. In-vitro susceptibility testing by agar dilution method to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations of amphotericin B, fluconazole and ketoconazole against ocular fungal isolates. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2006;24:273-9 pubmed
    ..Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus terreus and Candida krusei were found to be resistant to fluconazole and ketoconazole. This technique was found to be reliable, cost effective and easy to perform with consistent results. ..
  22. Gonzalez A, Presa M, Latorre M, Lurá M. [Detection of fungal metabolites showing toxic activity through Artemia salina bioassay]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2007;24:59-61 pubmed
    ..Only 6 out of 71 strains were found to be T (8.5%) for A. salina. Penicillium brevicompactum Dierckx, isolated from sausages, was found to be HT, mainly due to the presence of ochratoxin A and two other unidentified metabolites...
  23. Hof H. [Medical relevance of mycotoxins]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008;133:1084-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the relevance of mycotoxins in human medicine remains largely underestimated, because material from patients with characteristic symptoms is rarely tested for mycotoxins. ..
  24. Sarma S, Capoor M, Deb M, Ramesh V, Aggarwal P. Epidemiologic and clinicomycologic profile of onychomycosis from north India. Int J Dermatol. 2008;47:584-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The recognition of the changing patterns of onychomycosis will aid in the therapeutic approach and the implementation of control measures. ..
  25. Kim H, Park H, Choi S. Antimicrobial action effect and stability of nanosized silica hybrid Ag complex. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2011;11:5781-7 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that NSS, an environment-friendly nanomaterial, can be used as strongly effective growth inhibitor of various microorganisms, making it applicable to diverse antimicrobial-control systems. ..
  26. Singh N, Agarwal R, Gupta D, Shivaprakash M, Chakrabarti A. An unusual case of mediastinal mass due to Fonsecaea pedrosoi. Eur Respir J. 2006;28:662-4 pubmed
    ..Repeat computed tomography revealed a reduction in the mediastinal mass. The case highlights the need for a high degree of clinical suspicion and appropriate histopathological and mycological examination of clinical specimens. ..
  27. Breakspear A, Momany M. The first fifty microarray studies in filamentous fungi. Microbiology. 2007;153:7-15 pubmed
    ..This review summarizes the first 50 microarray studies in filamentous fungi and highlights areas for future investigation. ..
  28. Nnoruka E, Obiagboso I, Maduechesi C. Hair loss in children in South-East Nigeria: common and uncommon cases. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46 Suppl 1:18-22 pubmed
    ..Commonly occurring hair loss in children in our region is mainly acquired, and the clinical course is related to the parent's attitude to treatment, particularly for tinea capitis. ..
  29. Pai H, Jamal E, Yegneswaran P. Corneal ulcer due to a rare pleosporalean member of the genus Bipolaris following cow tail injury to the eye: A case report and review of literature. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017;65:403-405 pubmed publisher
    ..spicifera. Literature review showed only one case report of keratitis due to B. australiensis reported from Australia. We present a first case report of keratitis due to B. australiensis (currently Curvularia australienis) from India. ..
  30. Kim C, Jung H, Kim Y, Shin C. Antimicrobial activities of amino acid derivatives of monascus pigments. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;264:117-24 pubmed
    ..coli in culture. The antimicrobial activities of pigment derivatives are considered to be related to the reduced availability of oxygen for the cells adsorbed with pigment. ..
  31. Almenar E, Auras R, Rubino M, Harte B. A new technique to prevent the main post harvest diseases in berries during storage: inclusion complexes beta-cyclodextrin-hexanal. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;118:164-72 pubmed
    ..acutatum. Thus, ICs beta-cyclodextrin-hexanal can be used to reduce or avoid post harvest berry diseases because of their capacity to provide an antifungal volatile during storage, distribution, and consumer purchasing. ..
  32. Andersen M, Magan N, Mead A, Chandler D. Development of a population-based threshold model of conidial germination for analysing the effects of physiological manipulation on the stress tolerance and infectivity of insect pathogenic fungi. Environ Microbiol. 2006;8:1625-34 pubmed
    ..In addition, the population-based threshold model used in this study, which considered germination in terms of physiological time, also called hydrotime, could have general application in mycology and environmental microbiology. ..
  33. Capon R, Stewart M, Ratnayake R, Lacey E, Gill J. Citromycetins and bilains A-C: new aromatic polyketides and diketopiperazines from Australian marine-derived and terrestrial Penicillium spp. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:1746-52 pubmed
    ..The citromycin polyketides 2 and 4 and the diketopiperazine 15 were weakly cytotoxic. ..
  34. Dubois M, Brisou P, Fournier B, Guennoc B, Carsuzaa F. [Cutaneous Bipolaris spicifera infection in a patient on systemic corticosteroids]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2008;135:507-8 pubmed publisher
  35. Erkel G, Belahmer H, Serwe A, Anke T, Kunz H, Kolshorn H, et al. Oxacyclododecindione, a novel inhibitor of IL-4 signaling from Exserohilum rostratum. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2008;61:285-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The compound has no antibacterial or antifungal activity. ..
  36. Lin L, Mulholland N, Wu Q, Beattie D, Huang S, Irwin D, et al. Synthesis and antifungal activity of novel sclerotiorin analogues. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:4480-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Analogues with a methyl substituent at the 1-position have reduced levels of activity, while those with a free hydroxyl group in place of acetoxy at the quaternary center of the bicyclic ring system retain activity. ..
  37. Aslanidia K, Tsyganov M, Ivanova A, Belozerskaya T, Ivanitskii G. Simulation of growth of colonies of filamentous fungi in a hydrogen peroxide gradient. Dokl Biochem Biophys. 2007;413:47-9 pubmed
  38. Sreerama Kumar P, Singh L. Enabling mycelial application of Hirsutella thompsonii for managing the coconut mite. Exp Appl Acarol. 2008;46:169-82 pubmed publisher
    ..6-97.1%. Application of the fungus in combination with glycerol resulted in a tolerable mean nut damage grade of 2.0 during the pre-harvest stage, compared with an acute score of 4.0 in control palms. ..
  39. Arrebola E, Jacobs R, Korsten L. Iturin A is the principal inhibitor in the biocontrol activity of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens PPCB004 against postharvest fungal pathogens. J Appl Microbiol. 2010;108:386-95 pubmed publisher
    ..amyloliquefaciens against the seven citrus postharvest pathogenic fungi tested. We elucidated the principal mechanism used by B. amyloliquefaciens PPCB004 to suppress postharvest disease development on stored fruits. ..
  40. Zhao M, Ma Y, Pan Y, Zhang C, Yuan W. A hevein-like protein and a class I chitinase with antifungal activity from leaves of the paper mulberry. Biomed Chromatogr. 2011;25:908-12 pubmed publisher
    ..They both had a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 0.1?µg/µL against T. viride. This is the first report of high-molecular-weight extracts with antifungal activity from paper mulberry. ..
  41. Gusakov A. Alternatives to Trichoderma reesei in biofuel production. Trends Biotechnol. 2011;29:419-25 pubmed publisher
    ..reesei on some important parameters, such as protein production level, cellulase hydrolytic performance per unit of activity or milligram of protein. ..
  42. Pratt R. Enhancement of sporulation in species of Bipolaris, Curvularia, Drechslera, and Exserohilum by growth on cellulose-containing substrates. Mycopathologia. 2006;162:133-40 pubmed
  43. Houghton P, Patel N, Jurzysta M, Biely Z, Cheung C. Antidermatophyte activity of medicago extracts and contained saponins and their structure-activity relationships. Phytother Res. 2006;20:1061-6 pubmed
    ..This corresponds to activity of these and similar compounds against other fungal species but this is the first comprehensive report of activity of Medicago saponins against dermatophytes. ..
  44. Kikuchi H, Isobe M, Sekiya M, Abe Y, Hoshikawa T, Ueda K, et al. Structures of the dimeric and monomeric chromanones, gonytolides A-C, isolated from the fungus Gonytrichum sp. and their promoting activities of innate immune responses. Org Lett. 2011;13:4624-7 pubmed publisher
    ..along with gonytolides B and C. Gonytolide A also increased TNF-?-stimulated production of IL-8 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. ..
  45. Hou Z, Yang R, Zhang C, Zhu L, Miao F, Yang X, et al. 2-(Substituted phenyl)-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-2-iums as novel antifungal lead compounds: biological evaluation and structure-activity relationships. Molecules. 2013;18:10413-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the title compounds emerged as promising lead compounds for the development of novel biomimetic antifungal agrochemicals. Compounds 8 and 2 should have great potential as new broad spectrum antifungal agents for plant protection. ..
  46. Mogensen J, Sørensen S, Sulyok M, van der Westhuizen L, Shephard G, Frisvad J, et al. Single-kernel analysis of fumonisins and other fungal metabolites in maize from South African subsistence farmers. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2011;28:1724-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of mycotoxin profiling in single naturally infected maize kernels. ..
  47. Kaplan O, Vejvoda V, Charvátová Pisvejcová A, Martinkova L. Hyperinduction of nitrilases in filamentous fungi. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;33:891-6 pubmed
    ..The specific nitrilase activities of these cultures were two to three orders of magnitude higher than those of cultures grown on other nitriles such as 3-cyanopyridine or 4-cyanopyridine. ..
  48. Mohsenzadeh F, Nasseri S, Mesdaghinia A, Nabizadeh R, Zafari D, Khodakaramian G, et al. Phytoremediation of petroleum-polluted soils: application of Polygonum aviculare and its root-associated (penetrated) fungal strains for bioremediation of petroleum-polluted soils. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2010;73:613-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Results indicated that fungal strains had the main role in bioremediation of petroleum-polluted soils, but plant roots enhanced the process. ..
  49. Viegas C, Gomes A, Abegão J, Sabino R, Graça T, Viegas S. Assessment of fungal contamination in waste sorting and incineration-case study in Portugal. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2014;77:57-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Since waste is the main internal fungal source in the analyzed settings, preventive and protective measures need to be maintained to avoid worker exposure to fungi and their metabolites. ..
  50. Destino L, Sutton D, Helon A, Havens P, Thometz J, Willoughby R, et al. Severe osteomyelitis caused by Myceliophthora thermophila after a pitchfork injury. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2006;5:21 pubmed
    ..Pharmacokinetic studies may be of critical importance when utilizing antifungal therapy with agents for which little information exists regarding drug metabolism in children. ..
  51. Mukhopadhyaya P, Nagee A, Sanyal P. Dense molecular marking reveals genetic diversity in morphologically similar isolates of the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans. Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol. 2004;63:253-70 pubmed
    ..Scanning image of the amplicon profiles when represented graphically generated unique molecular signature for the isolates. ..
  52. Miller J. Mycotoxins in small grains and maize: old problems, new challenges. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2008;25:219-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Chronic contamination of silage in some areas with some Penicillium toxins deserves more attention in terms of their economic effects and possible implications for the purity of milk. ..
  53. Yang C, Lin T, Tzung T, Cheng L, Wang J, Jee S. Direct identification of dermatophyte DNA from clinical specimens by a nested polymerase chain reaction assay. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143:799-800 pubmed
  54. Abe N, Hamada N. Molecular characterization and surfactant utilization of Scolecobasidium isolates from detergent-rich indoor environments. Biocontrol Sci. 2011;16:139-47 pubmed
    ..A further implication is that the genetic variation found in the S. humicola isolates from detergent-rich indoor environments can occur as a result of adaptation to such an environment. ..
  55. Rossi Zalaf L, Alves S. Susceptibility of Brevipalpus phoenicis to entomopathogenic fungi. Exp Appl Acarol. 2006;40:37-47 pubmed
    ..Colonization occurred after 48 h, as evidenced by mortality. Conidiogenesis occurred after 120 h, with the development of mycelium and conidiophores emerging from the posterior and anterior parts of the mite. ..
  56. Svetaz L, Agüero M, Alvarez S, Luna L, Feresin G, Derita M, et al. Antifungal activity of Zuccagnia punctata Cav.: evidence for the mechanism of action. Planta Med. 2007;73:1074-80 pubmed
  57. Zhang J, Dai J, Chen L, Ding P, Wu J. [Screening of bioactive constituents from sea cucumber Holothuria nobilis using conidia of Pyricularia oryzae]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008;31:1001-3 pubmed
    ..To study the bioactive triterpene glycosides from sea cucumber Holothuria nobilis...
  58. Vasanthanathan P, Lakshmi M, Babu M, Kaskhedikar S. Classical QSAR study on chromene derivatives as lanosterol 14alpha- demethylase inhibitor: a non azole antifungal target. Med Chem. 2006;2:363-7 pubmed
    ..Thus validated models bring important structural insights to aid the design of potent lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase inhibitors prior to their synthesis. ..
  59. Ulfig K, Płaza G, Janda Ulfig K. The growth of proteolytic microorganisms affects keratinolytic fungi in sewage sludge. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2007;58:471-9 pubmed
    ..The antibiotics (chloramphenicol and actidione in concentrations of 100 and 500 mg/L) added to the peptone agar inhibited, to a high degree, the growth of sludge proteolytic microbiota and enabled many keratinolytic fungi to grow. ..
  60. de Gruyter J, Woudenberg J, Aveskamp M, Verkley G, Groenewald J, Crous P. Systematic reappraisal of species in Phoma section Paraphoma, Pyrenochaeta and Pleurophoma. Mycologia. 2010;102:1066-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Pleurophoma cava is transferred to genus Pyrenochaeta. The new genera elucidate the confusing taxonomy of species in genera Phoma, Pyrenochaeta and Pleurophoma and recognize monophyletic genera with distinct teleomorph affinities. ..
  61. Prachya S, Wiyakrutta S, Sriubolmas N, Ngamrojanavanich N, Mahidol C, Ruchirawat S, et al. Cytotoxic mycoepoxydiene derivatives from an endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. isolated from Hydnocarpus anthelminthicus. Planta Med. 2007;73:1418-20 pubmed
    ..Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity, while a dihydro derivative 3 was inactive. The present work suggests that the alpha,beta-unsaturated lactone moiety in mycoepoxydienes might be responsible for the cytotoxicity...
  62. Gonzalez A, Turino L, Latorre Rapela M, Lurá M. [Cercospora kikuchii isolated from Province of Santa Fe (Argentina): genetic variability and cercosporin production]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2008;25:237-41 pubmed
    ..The population of C. kikuchii studied showed variability, both genotypically, nine different groups were encountered, and have the ability to produce cercosporin. No relationship was found between toxin production and the RAPD profiles. ..
  63. Miethbauer S, Gaube F, Möllmann U, Dahse H, Schmidtke M, Gareis M, et al. Antimicrobial, antiproliferative, cytotoxic, and tau inhibitory activity of rubellins and caeruleoramularin produced by the phytopathogenic fungus Ramularia collo-cygni. Planta Med. 2009;75:1523-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, when tested without illumination, compounds exerted antiproliferative and cytotoxic activity in a series of human tumor cell lines. Inhibition of tau protein assembly was observed as well. ..
  64. Krockenberger M, Martin P, Halliday C, Rothwell T, Clarke K, Malik R. Localised microsphaeropsis arundinis infection of the subcutis of a cat. J Feline Med Surg. 2010;12:231-6 pubmed publisher
  65. Khodavaisy S, Nabili M, Davari B, Vahedi M. Evaluation of bacterial and fungal contamination in the health care workers' hands and rings in the intensive care unit. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011;52:215-8 pubmed
    ..Medical and hospital personals must follow careful hand-washing techniques to minimize transmission of disease and should remove rings, watches, and bracelets before washing their hands and entering the ICU. ..
  66. Saito K, Kuga Uetake Y, Saito M, Peterson R. Vacuolar localization of phosphorus in hyphae of Phialocephala fortinii, a dark septate fungal root endophyte. Can J Microbiol. 2006;52:643-50 pubmed
    ..These cytological methods showed that the tubular vacuolar system had lower concentrations of polyphosphate than the spherical vacuoles. Lipid bodies were present around vacuoles. ..
  67. Del Rosso J, Draelos Z, Jorizzo J, Joseph W, Ribotsky B, Rich P. Modern methods to treat superficial fungal disease. Cutis. 2007;79:6-29 pubmed
  68. Dylag M, Pruchnik H, Pruchnik F, Majkowska Skrobek G, Ułaszewski S. Antifungal activity of organotin compounds with functionalized carboxylates evaluated by the microdilution bioassay in vitro. Med Mycol. 2010;48:373-83 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, organotin compounds 1, 2 and 3 showed high fungistatic and fungicidal activities against different species of pathogenic and nonpathogenic fungi. However, they were also highly cytotoxic towards two mammalian cell lines. ..
  69. Madsen A. Occupational exposure to microorganisms used as biocontrol agents in plant production. Front Biosci (Schol Ed). 2011;3:606-20 pubmed
    ..The highest exposures to MPCAs are found for people applying MPCAs. In 2 of 12 environments exposure to applied MPCAs were higher than exposure to the total number of bacteria or fungi. ..
  70. Calvo E, Pastor F, Mayayo E, Hernandez P, Guarro J. Antifungal therapy in an athymic murine model of chromoblastomycosis by Fonsecaea pedrosoi. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011;55:3709-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The two doses of PSC followed by the highest doses of ITZ and TRB showed the best results while VRC did not show efficacy. PSC could be an alternative in the treatment of chromoblastomycosis. ..
  71. Macchione M, Merheb C, Gomes E, Da Silva R. Protease production by different thermophilic fungi. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2008;146:223-30 pubmed publisher
    ..13.35, and Rhizomucor sp. 13.37, and those in SmF were T. aurantiacus, T. lanuginosus TO.03, and 13.37. In both fermentation systems, A. flavus 1.2 and R. pusillus 13.36 presented the lowest levels of proteolytic activity. ..
  72. Shenoy M, Teerthanath S, Karnaker V, Girisha B, Krishna Prasad M, Pinto J. Comparison of potassium hydroxide mount and mycological culture with histopathologic examination using periodic acid-Schiff staining of the nail clippings in the diagnosis of onychomycosis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2008;74:226-9 pubmed
    ..It was easy to perform, rapid, and gave significantly higher rates of detection of onychomycosis compared to the standard methods, namely KOH mount and mycological culture. ..
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    ..The patient improved substantially after 5 weeks of high-dose itraconazole therapy, although it was subsequently lost to follow-up. ..
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    ..According to our results, the predominance of Trichophyton tonsurans as a dermatomycosis agent among children in the city of Recife, PE, is probably due to children's greater contact with soil. ..
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    ..The newly synthesized Mannich bases were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Many of these compounds exhibited potent antifungal activity. ..
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    ..The overall results provide promising baseline information for the potential use of the crude extracts from DBT as well as some of the isolated compounds in the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections...
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    ..verticillioides and fumonisin contamination occurred owing to atypical climatic factors during the period of sorghum cultivation, when there was any occurrence of rain and the level of water activity of grains did not reach 0.58. ..
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    ..Compounds 5o, 5k, and 5m (R = 1-H, 2,5-(Cl), and 2-Cl, 4-NO2) showed good activity, compared with the standard drugs. ..
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    ..In addition, studies showed that the purified TL1-1 exhibited moderate antibacterial activity against Ralstonia solanacearum. ..
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    ..This increase is characterized by relatively large particles and high short-term peaks in PM concentration. ..
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    ..B. bassiana11-98 induced systemic resistance in cotton against Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (bacterial blight). In parasitism assays, hyphae of B. bassiana 11-98 were observed coiling around hyphae of Pythium myriotylum. ..
  82. Elad D, Morick D, David D, Scheinin A, Yamin G, Blum S, et al. Pulmonary fungal infection caused by Neoscytalidium dimidiatum in a Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus). Med Mycol. 2011;49:424-6 pubmed publisher
    ..No histopathological signs of morbillivirus infection were seen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of N. dimidiatum infection in a sea mammal. ..
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    ..The isolated P. chlororaphis CY02 has a significant effect on pathogenic bacteria, Pyricularia oryzae and tumor cells. ..
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    ..Due to the spot sensing in SPR, this technique is recommended for initial kinetic studies, whereas DPI is more accurate when the refractive index and thickness of the adsorbed layer is of more interest. ..
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    ..HNbeta-Gly(1), and a similar, but weaker, interaction is observed between beta-Gly(1)CO...HNPhe(4). In contrast, in isaridin B, only a single intramolecular H-bond is observed between beta-Gly(1)CO...HNPhe(4). ..
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    ..Shorter exposure times decreased the viability of fungal spores only, while in actinomycetes colonizing the studied building materials, such radiation caused an opposite (supporting growth) effect. ..
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    ..Only administration of D. flagrans significantly reduced the percentage of L3 in the fecal cultivations by more than 95%. These results indicate the potential of D. flagrans as a biological control agent for sheep nematodes. ..
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    ..Protective measures to minimize worker exposure to fungi need to be adopted since wastewater is the predominant internal fungal source in this setting. ..
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    ..Of these compounds, 4 and 5 showed antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus (HSV) in vitro, with IC(50) values of 13.5 and 21.3 ?M, and with selective index (SI) values of 26.5 and 17.1, respectively. ..
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    ..16 microg/mL), the potential alkanediol dialkanoates showed EC50 in the range of 33 - 60 microg/mL. ..
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    ..The alkaline serine protease could be developed as a postharvest treatment with antimicrobial activity for fruit undergoing a short storage period. ..