nosema

Summary

Summary: A genus of parasitic FUNGI in the family Nosematidae. Some species are pathogenic for invertebrates of economic importance while others are being researched for possible roles in controlling pest INSECTS. They are also pathogenic in humans.

Top Publications

  1. Whittington R, Winston M. Effects of Nosema bombi and its treatment fumagillin on bumble bee (Bombus occidentalis) colonies. J Invertebr Pathol. 2003;84:54-8 pubmed
    We examined the effects of Nosema bombi (Microsporidia: Nosematidae) on colonies of bumble bees, Bombus occidentalis Greene (Hymenoptera: Apidae), used to pollinate tomatoes in commercial greenhouses. We assessed methods of detecting N...
  2. Klee J, Besana A, Genersch E, Gisder S, Nanetti A, Tam D, et al. Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. J Invertebr Pathol. 2007;96:1-10 pubmed
    ..most important honey bee species, Apis mellifera, was formerly considered to be parasitized by one microsporidian, Nosema apis. Recently, [Higes, M., Martín, R., Meana, A., 2006...
  3. Iiyama K, Chieda Y, Yasunaga Aoki C, Hayasaka S, Shimizu S. Analyses of the ribosomal DNA region in Nosema bombycis NIS 001. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2004;51:598-604 pubmed
    ..DNA (rDNA) containing small subunit (SSU) rDNA and both flanking regions in the entomopathogenic microsporidian Nosema bombycis NIS 001 was amplified from genomic DNA with a primer set based on the sequence of an inverse polymerase ..
  4. Cox Foster D, Conlan S, Holmes E, Palacios G, Evans J, Moran N, et al. A metagenomic survey of microbes in honey bee colony collapse disorder. Science. 2007;318:283-7 pubmed
    ..One organism, Israeli acute paralysis virus of bees, was strongly correlated with CCD. ..
  5. Goertz D, Solter L, Linde A. Horizontal and vertical transmission of a Nosema sp. (Microsporidia) from Lymantria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2007;95:9-16 pubmed
    ..In this study, we conducted laboratory experiments to investigate the transmission of an unusual Nosema sp. isolated from L...
  6. Kucerova Z, Moura H, Visvesvara G, Leitch G. Differences between Brachiola (Nosema) algerae isolates of human and insect origin when tested using an in vitro spore germination assay and a cultured cell infection assay. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2004;51:339-43 pubmed
    Brachiola (Nosema) algerae is a microsporidian species generally believed to be an intracellular parasite of insects, especially mosquitoes. However, both mosquito and human isolates have been shown to infect mammalian cells...
  7. Mayack C, Naug D. Energetic stress in the honeybee Apis mellifera from Nosema ceranae infection. J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;100:185-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The higher virulence of the newly discovered honeybee pathogen, Nosema ceranae, which causes a higher mortality in its new host Apis mellifera, might be based on a similar mechanism...
  8. Runckel C, Flenniken M, Engel J, Ruby J, Ganem D, Andino R, et al. Temporal analysis of the honey bee microbiome reveals four novel viruses and seasonal prevalence of known viruses, Nosema, and Crithidia. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20656 pubmed publisher
    ..We established seasonal incidence and abundance of known viruses, Nosema sp., Crithidia mellificae, and bacteria...
  9. Dainat B, Evans J, Chen Y, Gauthier L, Neumann P. Predictive markers of honey bee colony collapse. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32151 pubmed publisher
    ..actors, in particular the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, associated viruses and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae...

More Information

Publications92

  1. Wu J, Smart M, Anelli C, Sheppard W. Honey bees (Apis mellifera) reared in brood combs containing high levels of pesticide residues exhibit increased susceptibility to Nosema (Microsporidia) infection. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;109:326-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae and pesticide exposure can contribute to honey bee health decline. Bees reared from brood comb containing high or low levels of pesticide residues were placed in two common colony environments...
  2. Huang W, Solter L, Yau P, Imai B. Nosema ceranae escapes fumagillin control in honey bees. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003185 pubmed publisher
    Fumagillin is the only antibiotic approved for control of nosema disease in honey bees and has been extensively used in United States apiculture for more than 50 years for control of Nosema apis...
  3. Gatehouse H, Malone L. The ribosomal RNA gene region of Nosema apis (Microspora): DNA sequence for small and large subunit rRNA genes and evidence of a large tandem repeat unit size. J Invertebr Pathol. 1998;71:97-105 pubmed
    The ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene region of the microsporidium, Nosema apis, has been examined. A new method for extracting microsporidian genomic DNA from infected host tissue is described...
  4. Weedall R, Robinson M, Smith J, Dunn A. Targeting of host cell lineages by vertically transmitted, feminising microsporidia. Int J Parasitol. 2006;36:749-56 pubmed
    ..and distribution of two species of vertically transmitted, feminising microsporidia (Dictyocoela duebenum and Nosema granulosis) during early embryogenesis (zygote to eight-cells) of the Gammarus duebeni host...
  5. Huang W, Tsai S, Lo C, Soichi Y, Wang C. The novel organization and complete sequence of the ribosomal RNA gene of Nosema bombycis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2004;41:473-81 pubmed
    ..time the complete DNA sequence data (4301bp) of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene of the microsporidian type species, Nosema bombycis. Sequences for the large subunit gene (LSUrRNA: 2497bp, GenBank Accession No...
  6. Toplak I, Jamnikar Ciglenecki U, Aronstein K, Gregorc A. Chronic bee paralysis virus and Nosema ceranae experimental co-infection of winter honey bee workers (Apis mellifera L.). Viruses. 2013;5:2282-97 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, potential synergistic effects of co-infection with CBPV and Nosema ceranae (N. ceranae) on bees were investigated...
  7. Muller A, Trammer T, Chioralia G, Seitz H, Diehl V, Franzen C. Ribosomal RNA of Nosema algerae and phylogenetic relationship to other microsporidia. Parasitol Res. 2000;86:18-23 pubmed
    ..the small-subunit (SSU) rDNA, the intergenic spacer (ITS) region, and a part of the large-subunit (LSU) rDNA of Nosema algerae, a parasite of mosquitoes, taken from a laboratory colony of Anopheles stephensi...
  8. Ku C, Wang C, Tsai Y, Tzeng C, Wang C. Phylogenetic analysis of two putative Nosema isolates from Cruciferous Lepidopteran pests in Taiwan. J Invertebr Pathol. 2007;95:71-6 pubmed
    ..isolated from the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, and then compared with another isolate (PX1), and with Nosema spodopterae and N. bombycis...
  9. Cornman R, Chen Y, Schatz M, Street C, Zhao Y, Desany B, et al. Genomic analyses of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of honey bees. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000466 pubmed publisher
    ..The incidence of the microsporidian pathogen Nosema ceranae has increased significantly in the past decade. Here we present a draft assembly (7.86 MB) of the N...
  10. Smart M, Sheppard W. Nosema ceranae in age cohorts of the western honey bee (Apis mellifera). J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;109:148-51 pubmed publisher
    ..ceranae infection. Using PCR and specific primers to differentiate Nosema species, N. ceranae was found to be the only species present during the experiment...
  11. Malone L, McIvor C. DNA probes for two Microsporidia, Nosema bombycis and Nosema costelytrae. J Invertebr Pathol. 1995;65:269-73 pubmed
    Two DNA fragments which hybridize specifically with DNA of Nosema bombycis and Nosema costelytrae, respectively, were obtained from genomic DNA of each microsporidian species and sequenced...
  12. Xu J, Wang L, Tang F, Huang W, Zhou Z. The nuclear apparatus and chromosomal DNA of the microsporidian Nosema antheraeae. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2011;58:178-80 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidian Nosema antheraeae is a pathogen of the Chinese oak silkmoth Antheraea pernyi, the molecular karyotype of which is still poorly understood. Here the diplokaryon of N...
  13. Martín Hernández R, Botías C, Bailón E, Martínez Salvador A, Prieto L, Meana A, et al. Microsporidia infecting Apis mellifera: coexistence or competition. Is Nosema ceranae replacing Nosema apis?. Environ Microbiol. 2012;14:2127-38 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae has been suggested to be replacing Nosema apis in some populations of Apis mellifera honeybees...
  14. Botías C, Anderson D, Meana A, Garrido Bailón E, Martín Hernández R, Higes M. Further evidence of an oriental origin for Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia: Nosematidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;110:108-13 pubmed publisher
    Although Nosema ceranae was first isolated from the Asian honeybee (Apis cerana) in Asia and then subsequently recognized as a widespread gut parasite of the Western honeybee (Apis mellifera), its origins and primary host are yet to be ..
  15. Hatjina F, Tsoktouridis G, Bouga M, Charistos L, Evangelou V, Avtzis D, et al. Polar tube protein gene diversity among Nosema ceranae strains derived from a Greek honey bee health study. J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;108:131-4 pubmed publisher
    Honey bee samples from 54 apiaries originating from 37 geographic locations of Greece were screened for Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae...
  16. Mutinelli F. The spread of pathogens through trade in honey bees and their products (including queen bees and semen): overview and recent developments. Rev Sci Tech. 2011;30:257-71 pubmed
  17. Goblirsch M, Huang Z, Spivak M. Physiological and behavioral changes in honey bees (Apis mellifera) induced by Nosema ceranae infection. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58165 pubmed publisher
    ..Pathogens and parasites can alter this regulatory network. For example, infection with the microsporidian, Nosema apis, has been shown to advance behavioral maturation in workers...
  18. Dang X, Pan G, Li T, Lin L, Ma Q, Geng L, et al. Characterization of a subtilisin-like protease with apical localization from microsporidian Nosema bombycis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;112:166-74 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidian Nosema bombycis is the pathogen causing pébrine leading to heavy economic loss in sericulture. Little is known of the proteases of microsporidia that are important for both parasite development and pathogenesis...
  19. Greeff M, Schmid Hempel P. Influence of co-evolution with a parasite, Nosema whitei, and population size on recombination rates and fitness in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Genetica. 2010;138:737-44 pubmed publisher
    ..with genetic drift on recombination rates was tested in the host-parasite system Tribolium castaneum and Nosema whitei...
  20. Dolgikh V, Sokolova J, Issi I. Activities of enzymes of carbohydrate and energy metabolism of the spores of the microsporidian, Nosema grylli. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 1997;44:246-9 pubmed
    The presence of 14 enzymes was investigated using purified spores of the microsporidian Nosema grylli from fat body of the crickets Gryllus bimaculatus. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49), phosphoglucomutase (EC 5.4.2...
  21. Chen Y, Chung W, Wang C, Solter L, Huang W. Nosema ceranae infection intensity highly correlates with temperature. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;111:264-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae, a microsporidian entomopathogen, was first reported from honey bees, Apis mellifera, in 2005 in Taiwan (Huang et al., 2007) and has become a major concern in apiculture worldwide...
  22. Germot A, Philippe H, Le Guyader H. Evidence for loss of mitochondria in Microsporidia from a mitochondrial-type HSP70 in Nosema locustae. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1997;87:159-68 pubmed
    ..we have isolated a gene encoding a chaperone protein (HSP70, 70 kDa heat shock protein) from the microspordian Nosema locustae...
  23. Traver B, Williams M, Fell R. Comparison of within hive sampling and seasonal activity of Nosema ceranae in honey bee colonies. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;109:187-93 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae is a microsporidian parasite of the European honey bee, Apis mellifera, that is found worldwide and in multiple Apis spp.; however, little is known about the effects of N. ceranae on A. mellifera...
  24. Invernizzi C, Abud C, Tomasco I, Harriet J, Ramallo G, Campá J, et al. Presence of Nosema ceranae in honeybees (Apis mellifera) in Uruguay. J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;101:150-3 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidium Nosema ceranae is an emergent pathogen of European honeybees Apis mellifera...
  25. Vidau C, Diogon M, Aufauvre J, Fontbonne R, Viguès B, Brunet J, et al. Exposure to sublethal doses of fipronil and thiacloprid highly increases mortality of honeybees previously infected by Nosema ceranae. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21550 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study was designed to explore the effect of Nosema ceranae infection on honeybee sensitivity to sublethal doses of the insecticides fipronil and thiacloprid.
  26. Bollan K, Hothersall J, Moffat C, Durkacz J, Saranzewa N, Wright G, et al. The microsporidian parasites Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are widespread in honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies across Scotland. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:751-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae is spreading into areas where Nosema apis already exists. N. ceranae has been reported to cause an asymptomatic infection that may lead, ultimately, to colony collapse...
  27. Fast N, Law J, Williams B, Keeling P. Bacterial catalase in the microsporidian Nosema locustae: implications for microsporidian metabolism and genome evolution. Eukaryot Cell. 2003;2:1069-75 pubmed
    ..We show, however, that the genome of the microsporidian Nosema locustae, in contrast to that of E. cuniculi, encodes a group II large-subunit catalase...
  28. Costa C, Tanner G, Lodesani M, Maistrello L, Neumann P. Negative correlation between Nosema ceranae spore loads and deformed wing virus infection levels in adult honey bee workers. J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;108:224-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we investigated if there is an association between the microsporidian Nosema ceranae and the deformed wing virus (DWV) in different body sections of individual honey bee workers (Apis ..
  29. Wang L, Chen K, Zhang Z, Yao Q, Gao G, Zhao Y. Phylogenetic analysis of Nosema antheraeae (Microsporidia) isolated from Chinese oak silkworm, Antheraea pernyi. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2006;53:310-3 pubmed
    The microsporidian Nosema antheraeae is a pathogen that infects the Chinese oak silkworm, Antheraea pernyi. We sequenced the complete small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of N...
  30. Higes M, Garcia Palencia P, Martín Hernández R, Meana A. Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). J Invertebr Pathol. 2007;94:211-7 pubmed
    In this report, an experimental infection of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae, a newly reported microsporidian in this host is described. Nosema free honeybees were inoculated with 125,000 N...
  31. Zhang F, Lu X, Kumar V, Zhu H, Chen H, Chen Z, et al. Effects of a novel anti-exospore monoclonal antibody on microsporidial Nosema bombycis germination and reproduction in vitro. Parasitology. 2007;134:1551-8 pubmed
    A monoclonal antibody (mAb) 3C2, against an exospore protein of the microsporidium Nosema bombycis (N. bombycis) was prepared, and its effects on microsporidial germination and reproduction in vitro were studied...
  32. Xiang H, Pan G, Vossbrinck C, Zhang R, Xu J, Li T, et al. A tandem duplication of manganese superoxide dismutase in Nosema bombycis and its evolutionary origins. J Mol Evol. 2010;71:401-14 pubmed publisher
    ..dismutase (MnSOD) genes, designated NbMnSOD1 and NbMnSOD2, were found to be organized in a tandem array within the Nosema bombycis genome...
  33. Gisder S, Möckel N, Linde A, Genersch E. A cell culture model for Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis allows new insights into the life cycle of these important honey bee-pathogenic microsporidia. Environ Microbiol. 2011;13:404-13 pubmed publisher
    ..g. the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, the microsporidium Nosema ceranae and viruses) play a major role in this demise...
  34. Porrini M, Audisio M, Sabaté D, Ibarguren C, Medici S, Sarlo E, et al. Effect of bacterial metabolites on microsporidian Nosema ceranae and on its host Apis mellifera. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:381-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Presently, Nosema ceranae seems to be the main microsporidian infection in Apis mellifera...
  35. Martín Hernández R, Meana A, Garcia Palencia P, Marin P, Botías C, Garrido Bailón E, et al. Effect of temperature on the biotic potential of honeybee microsporidia. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:2554-7 pubmed publisher
    The biological cycle of Nosema spp. in honeybees depends on temperature. When expressed as total spore counts per day after infection, the biotic potentials of Nosema apis and N...
  36. Kasprzak S, Topolska G. [Nosema ceranae (Eukaryota: Fungi: Microsporea)--a new parasite of western honey bee Apis mellifera L]. Wiad Parazytol. 2007;53:281-4 pubmed
    b>Nosema ceranae was discovered in Apis cerana, Eastern honeybee first. Until recently A. cerana has been considered the only host to this parasite. A few years ago N. ceranae was recorded in honey bee Apis mellifera. It appeared that N...
  37. Huang W, Solter L. Comparative development and tissue tropism of Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;113:35-41 pubmed publisher
    The two etiological agents of nosema disease in honey bees, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia: Nosematidae), reproduce in the midgut tissues of the host. N. apis is tissue specific but the development and tissue tropism of N...
  38. Berenos C, Schmid Hempel P, Wegner K. Experimental coevolution leads to a decrease in parasite-induced host mortality. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:1777-82 pubmed publisher
    ..four genetically distinct lines of Tribolium castaneum and its natural obligately killing microsporidian parasite, Nosema whitei...
  39. Alaux C, Brunet J, Dussaubat C, Mondet F, Tchamitchan S, Cousin M, et al. Interactions between Nosema microspores and a neonicotinoid weaken honeybees (Apis mellifera). Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:774-82 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrated that the interaction between the microsporidia Nosema and a neonicotinoid (imidacloprid) significantly weakened honeybees...
  40. Paldi N, Glick E, Oliva M, Zilberberg Y, Aubin L, Pettis J, et al. Effective gene silencing in a microsporidian parasite associated with honeybee (Apis mellifera) colony declines. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:5960-4 pubmed publisher
    ..An increasingly prevalent disease of managed honeybees is caused by the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. Microsporidia are basal fungi and obligate parasites with much-reduced genomic and cellular components...
  41. Teixeira E, Santos L, Sattler A, Message D, Alves M, Martins M, et al. Nosema ceranae has been present in Brazil for more than three decades infecting Africanized honey bees. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;114:250-4 pubmed publisher
    Until the mid-1990s, the only microsporidium known to infect bees of the genus Apis was Nosema apis...
  42. Chaimanee V, Chantawannakul P, Chen Y, Evans J, Pettis J. Differential expression of immune genes of adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) after inoculated by Nosema ceranae. J Insect Physiol. 2012;58:1090-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae is a microsporidium parasite infecting adult honey bees (Apis mellifera) and is known to affects at both the individual and colony level...
  43. Gisder S, Hedtke K, Möckel N, Frielitz M, Linde A, Genersch E. Five-year cohort study of Nosema spp. in Germany: does climate shape virulence and assertiveness of Nosema ceranae?. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:3032-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are two fungal pathogens belonging to the phylum Microsporidia and infecting the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Recent studies have suggested that N. ceranae is more virulent than N...
  44. Higes M, Martín Hernández R, Botías C, Bailón E, González Porto A, Barrios L, et al. How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10:2659-69 pubmed publisher
    ..However, during the same period, Nosema ceranae, a microsporidium of the Asian bee Apis cerana, seems to have colonized A...
  45. Goertz D, Pilarska D, Kereselidze M, Solter L, Linde A. Studies on the impact of two Nosema isolates from Bulgaria on the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.). J Invertebr Pathol. 2004;87:105-13 pubmed
    We investigated host-parasite interactions of two Nosema-type microsporidian isolates recovered from populations of Lymantria dispar L. in northwestern Bulgaria, one near Veslec and one near Levishte...
  46. Hatcher M, Hogg J, Dunn A. Local adaptation and enhanced virulence of Nosema granulosis artificially introduced into novel populations of its crustacean host, Gammarus duebeni. Int J Parasitol. 2005;35:265-74 pubmed
    ..adaptation and patterns of virulence in a crustacean host infected with the vertically transmitted microsporidian Nosema granulosis...
  47. Dainat B, Evans J, Chen Y, Gauthier L, Neumann P. Dead or alive: deformed wing virus and Varroa destructor reduce the life span of winter honeybees. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:981-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the suspects are the parasitic mite Varroa destructor, the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, and associated viruses...
  48. Blaser M, Schmid Hempel P. Determinants of virulence for the parasite Nosema whitei in its host Tribolium castaneum. J Invertebr Pathol. 2005;89:251-7 pubmed
    ..Here, we have experimentally investigated this relationship with the microsporidian parasite, Nosema whitei, in its host, the Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum...
  49. Medici S, Sarlo E, Porrini M, Braunstein M, Eguaras M. Genetic variation and widespread dispersal of Nosema ceranae in Apis mellifera apiaries from Argentina. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:859-64 pubmed publisher
    Using molecular techniques, we documented the presence of Nosema ceranae in honeybees (Apis mellífera) from Argentina. Samples were collected from A. mellifera colonies in 38 districts of Buenos Aires province, Argentina...
  50. Higes M, Meana A, Bartolomé C, Botías C, Martín Hernández R. Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), a controversial 21st century honey bee pathogen. Environ Microbiol Rep. 2013;5:17-29 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Nosema ceranae, a microsporidium recently detected in the European bee all over the world, has been implicated in the ..
  51. Chioralia G, Trammer T, Maier W, Seitz H. Morphologic changes in Nosema algerae (Microspora) during extrusion. Parasitol Res. 1998;84:123-31 pubmed
    As a member of the phylum Microspora, Nosema algerae is a small obligate intracellular parasite...
  52. Martín Hernández R, Meana A, Prieto L, Salvador A, Garrido Bailón E, Higes M. Outcome of colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:6331-8 pubmed
    ..simultaneously amplified in a single reaction, was designed for parallel detection of honeybee microsporidians (Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae)...
  53. Bourgeois A, Rinderer T, Beaman L, Danka R. Genetic detection and quantification of Nosema apis and N. ceranae in the honey bee. J Invertebr Pathol. 2010;103:53-8 pubmed publisher
    The incidence of nosemosis has increased in recent years due to an emerging infestation of Nosema ceranae in managed honey bee populations in much of the world...
  54. Mayack C, Naug D. Parasitic infection leads to decline in hemolymph sugar levels in honeybee foragers. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:1572-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that infection by the microsporidian gut parasite Nosema ceranae can lower the hemolymph sugar level of an individual forager and uncouple its energetic state from its ..
  55. Cai S, Lu X, Qiu H, Li M, Feng Z. Identification of a Nosema bombycis (Microsporidia) spore wall protein corresponding to spore phagocytosis. Parasitology. 2011;138:1102-9 pubmed publisher
    Life-cycle stages of the microsporidia Nosema bombycis, the pathogen causing silkworm pebrine, were separated and purified by an improved method of Percoll-gradient centrifugation...
  56. Chen Y, Evans J, Smith I, Pettis J. Nosema ceranae is a long-present and wide-spread microsporidian infection of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) in the United States. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;97:186-8 pubmed
    Honey bee samples collected between 1995 and 2007 from 12 states were examined for the presence of Nosema infections...
  57. Traver B, Fell R. Prevalence and infection intensity of Nosema in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in Virginia. J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;107:43-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae is a recently described pathogen of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana. Relatively little is known about the distribution or prevalence of N. ceranae in the United States...
  58. Kelly A, Hatcher M, Dunn A. The impact of a vertically transmitted microsporidian, Nosema granulosis on the fitness of its Gammarus duebeni host under stressful environmental conditions. Parasitology. 2003;126:119-24 pubmed
    ..Here, we investigate the effects of Nosema granulosis, a vertically transmitted, microsporidian parasite of the brackish water amphipod Gammarus duebeni, on ..
  59. Williams G, Shutler D, Rogers R. Effects at Nearctic north-temperate latitudes of indoor versus outdoor overwintering on the microsporidium Nosema ceranae and western honey bees (Apis mellifera). J Invertebr Pathol. 2010;104:4-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Because very little is known about how this affects the recently-detected microsporidium Nosema ceranae, we investigated effects of indoor versus outdoor overwintering on spring N...
  60. Dussaubat C, Maisonnasse A, Crauser D, Beslay D, Costagliola G, Soubeyrand S, et al. Flight behavior and pheromone changes associated to Nosema ceranae infection of honey bee workers (Apis mellifera) in field conditions. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;113:42-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The emergent parasite of the European honey bee Nosema ceranae has been found to reduce homing and orientation skills and alter metabolism of forager bees. N...
  61. Aliferis K, Copley T, Jabaji S. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolite profiling of worker honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) hemolymph for the study of Nosema ceranae infection. J Insect Physiol. 2012;58:1349-59 pubmed publisher
    ..by the newly emerged obligate intracellular parasite Nosema ceranae based on metabolite profiling of hemolymph...
  62. Fernández J, Puerta F, Cousinou M, Dios Palomares R, Campano F, Redondo L. Asymptomatic presence of Nosema spp. in Spanish commercial apiaries. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;111:106-10 pubmed publisher
    Nosemosis is caused by intracellular parasites (Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae) that infect the midgut epithelial cells in adult honey bees. Recent studies relate N...
  63. Tsai S, Huang W, Wang C. Complete sequence and gene organization of the Nosema spodopterae rRNA gene. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2005;52:52-4 pubmed
    By sequencing the entire ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene of Nosema spodopterae, we show here that its gene organization follows a pattern similar to the Nosema type species, Nosema bombycis, i.e...
  64. Huang W, Bocquet M, Lee K, Sung I, Jiang J, Chen Y, et al. The comparison of rDNA spacer regions of Nosema ceranae isolates from different hosts and locations. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;97:9-13 pubmed
    b>Nosema ceranae is a common microsporidian pathogen, one of two Nosema species that cause "nosema disease" in honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera. Samples of N...
  65. Ratnieks F, Carreck N. Ecology. Clarity on honey bee collapse?. Science. 2010;327:152-3 pubmed publisher
  66. Dussaubat C, Brunet J, Higes M, Colbourne J, Lopez J, Choi J, et al. Gut pathology and responses to the microsporidium Nosema ceranae in the honey bee Apis mellifera. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37017 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidium Nosema ceranae is a newly prevalent parasite of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera)...
  67. Chen Y, Pettis J, Zhao Y, Liu X, Tallon L, Sadzewicz L, et al. Genome sequencing and comparative genomics of honey bee microsporidia, Nosema apis reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:451 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidia parasite Nosema contributes to the steep global decline of honey bees that are critical pollinators of food crops. There are two species of Nosema that have been found to infect honey bees, Nosema apis and N. ceranae...
  68. Berenos C, Schmid Hempel P, Wegner K. Complex adaptive responses during antagonistic coevolution between Tribolium castaneum and its natural parasite Nosema whitei revealed by multiple fitness components. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:11 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, our experimental coevolution of hosts (Tribolium castaneum) and parasites (Nosema whitei) included paired replicates of naive hosts from identical genetic backgrounds to allow separation between ..
  69. Forsgren E, Fries I. Temporal study of Nosema spp. in a cold climate. Environ Microbiol Rep. 2013;5:78-82 pubmed publisher
    ..survey, 967 honey bee colonies from 521 beekeepers were sampled in the spring of 2007 and the samples assayed for Nosema spp. infections. Of the 319 positive samples, only 32 samples contained a proportion of N...
  70. Yoshiyama M, Kimura K. Distribution of Nosema ceranae in the European honeybee, Apis mellifera in Japan. J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;106:263-7 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidian species, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae are both known to infect the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Nosema disease has a global distribution and is responsible for considerable economic losses among apiculturists...
  71. Sagastume S, del Aguila C, Martín Hernández R, Higes M, Henriques Gil N. Polymorphism and recombination for rDNA in the putatively asexual microsporidian Nosema ceranae, a pathogen of honeybees. Environ Microbiol. 2011;13:84-95 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae is currently one of the major pathogens of honeybees, related to the worldwide colony losses phenomenon. The genotyping of strains based on ribosomal DNA (rDNA) can be misleading if the repeated units are not identical...
  72. Cameron S, Lozier J, Strange J, Koch J, Cordes N, Solter L, et al. Patterns of widespread decline in North American bumble bees. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:662-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show that declining populations have significantly higher infection levels of the microsporidian pathogen Nosema bombi and lower genetic diversity compared with co-occurring populations of the stable (nondeclining) species...
  73. Bruck D, Lewis L, Gunnarson R. Interaction of Nosema pyrausta and temperature on Ostrinia nubilalis egg production and hatch. J Invertebr Pathol. 2001;78:210-4 pubmed
    b>Nosema pyrausta is an obligate pathogen causing reduced fecundity and longevity of Ostrinia nubilalis. This study was conducted to determine the combined effects of N. pyrausta infection and temperature on O...
  74. Klee J, Tek Tay W, Paxton R. Specific and sensitive detection of Nosema bombi (Microsporidia: Nosematidae) in bumble bees (Bombus spp.; Hymenoptera: Apidae) by PCR of partial rRNA gene sequences. J Invertebr Pathol. 2006;91:98-104 pubmed
    ..reaction (PCR) based method was developed for the specific and sensitive diagnosis of the microsporidian parasite Nosema bombi in bumble bees (Bombus spp.)...
  75. Liu H, Pan G, Song S, Xu J, Li T, Deng Y, et al. Multiple rDNA units distributed on all chromosomes of Nosema bombycis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;99:235-8 pubmed publisher
    Among Microsporidia, Nosema bombycis has a novel arrangement of LSUrRNA, SSUrRNA, ITS, IGS and 5SrRNA...
  76. Smith M. The honey bee parasite Nosema ceranae: transmissible via food exchange?. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43319 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae, a newly introduced parasite of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, is contributing to worldwide colony losses. Other Nosema species, such as N...
  77. Chen Y, Evans J, Murphy C, Gutell R, Zuker M, Gundensen Rindal D, et al. Morphological, molecular, and phylogenetic characterization of Nosema ceranae, a microsporidian parasite isolated from the European honey bee, Apis mellifera. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2009;56:142-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Nosema ceranae, a microsporidian parasite originally described from Apis cerana, has been found to infect Apis melllifera and is highly pathogenic to its new host. In the present study, data on the ultrastructure of N...
  78. Chen Y, Evans J, Zhou L, Boncristiani H, Kimura K, Xiao T, et al. Asymmetrical coexistence of Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis in honey bees. J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;101:204-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent studies showed that Nosema ceranae, originally considered a microsporidian parasite of Eastern honey bees, Apis cerana, is a disease agent of ..
  79. Antúnez K, Martín Hernández R, Prieto L, Meana A, Zunino P, Higes M. Immune suppression in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) following infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:2284-90 pubmed publisher
    Two microsporidia species have been shown to infect Apis mellifera, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. This work presents evidence that N...
  80. Xu J, Wang M, Zhang X, Tang F, Pan G, Zhou Z. Identification of NbME MITE families: potential molecular markers in the microsporidia Nosema bombycis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2010;103:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..novel families of miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs) were characterized in the microsporidia Nosema bombycis and were named NbMEs. The structural characteristics and the distribution of NbME copies in the N...
  81. Williams G, Sampson M, Shutler D, Rogers R. Does fumagillin control the recently detected invasive parasite Nosema ceranae in western honey bees (Apis mellifera)?. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;99:342-4 pubmed publisher
    ..and late summer 2007 to evaluate efficacy of fumagillin dicyclohexylammonium (hereafter, fumagillin) against Nosema ceranae...
  82. Chaimanee V, Warrit N, Chantawannakul P. Infections of Nosema ceranae in four different honeybee species. J Invertebr Pathol. 2010;105:207-10 pubmed publisher
    The microsporidium Nosema ceranae is detected in honeybees in Thailand for the first time...
  83. Wu Z, Li Y, Pan G, Tan X, Hu J, Zhou Z, et al. Proteomic analysis of spore wall proteins and identification of two spore wall proteins from Nosema bombycis (Microsporidia). Proteomics. 2008;8:2447-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study performed on the silkworm pathogen Nosema bombycis, we analyzed the spore wall proteins (SWPs) by proteomic-based approaches, MALDI-TOF MS and LC-MS/MS, and ..