ustilago

Summary

Summary: A genus of basidiomycetous smut fungi comprising the loose smuts.

Top Publications

  1. Eichhorn H, Lessing F, Winterberg B, Schirawski J, Kämper J, Muller P, et al. A ferroxidation/permeation iron uptake system is required for virulence in Ustilago maydis. Plant Cell. 2006;18:3332-45 pubmed
    In the smut fungus Ustilago maydis, a tightly regulated cAMP signaling cascade is necessary for pathogenic development...
  2. Heimel K, Scherer M, Schuler D, Kämper J. The Ustilago maydis Clp1 protein orchestrates pheromone and b-dependent signaling pathways to coordinate the cell cycle and pathogenic development. Plant Cell. 2010;22:2908-22 pubmed publisher
    Regulation of the cell cycle and morphogenetic switching during pathogenic and sexual development in Ustilago maydis is orchestrated by a concerted action of the a and b mating-type loci...
  3. de Sena Tomás C, Fernández Alvarez A, Holloman W, Perez Martin J. The DNA damage response signaling cascade regulates proliferation of the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis in planta. Plant Cell. 2011;23:1654-65 pubmed publisher
    In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, the dikaryotic state dominates the period of growth occurring during the infectious phase...
  4. Desentis Mendoza R, Hernández Sánchez H, Moreno A, Rojas del c E, Chel Guerrero L, Tamariz J, et al. Enzymatic polymerization of phenolic compounds using laccase and tyrosinase from Ustilago maydis. Biomacromolecules. 2006;7:1845-54 pubmed
    ..In this study, the laccase and tyrosinase from Ustilago maydis were partially characterized and their effect on the antioxidant activity of some phenolic compounds was ..
  5. Munkacsi A, Stoxen S, May G. Ustilago maydis populations tracked maize through domestication and cultivation in the Americas. Proc Biol Sci. 2008;275:1037-46 pubmed publisher
    ..the domestication of maize from teosinte and the widespread cultivation of maize on the historical demography of Ustilago maydis, a fungal pathogen of maize...
  6. Cervantes Chávez J, Ortiz Castellanos L, Tejeda Sartorius M, Gold S, Ruiz Herrera J. Functional analysis of the pH responsive pathway Pal/Rim in the phytopathogenic basidiomycete Ustilago maydis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2010;47:446-57 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we analyzed whether this pathway is conserved in a basidiomycete, Ustilago maydis. We could identify only five homologues of the seven known components of the pathway in the U...
  7. Perez Martin J, Castillo Lluva S, Sgarlata C, Flor Parra I, Mielnichuk N, Torreblanca J, et al. Pathocycles: Ustilago maydis as a model to study the relationships between cell cycle and virulence in pathogenic fungi. Mol Genet Genomics. 2006;276:211-29 pubmed
    ..The dimorphic fungus Ustilago maydis is the causative agent of corn smut disease and has lately become a highly attractive model in addressing ..
  8. Horst R, Engelsdorf T, Sonnewald U, Voll L. Infection of maize leaves with Ustilago maydis prevents establishment of C4 photosynthesis. J Plant Physiol. 2008;165:19-28 pubmed
    The Basidiomycete fungus Ustilago maydis is the common agent of corn smut and is capable of inducing gall growth on infected tissue of the C4 plant maize (Zea mays). While U...
  9. Doyle C, Donaldson M, Morrison E, Saville B. Ustilago maydis transcript features identified through full-length cDNA analysis. Mol Genet Genomics. 2011;286:143-59 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis is the model for investigating basidiomycete biotrophic plant pathogens...

More Information

Publications135 found, 100 shown here

  1. van der Linde K, Hemetsberger C, Kastner C, Kaschani F, van der Hoorn R, Kumlehn J, et al. A maize cystatin suppresses host immunity by inhibiting apoplastic cysteine proteases. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1285-300 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis is a biotrophic pathogen causing maize (Zea mays) smut disease. Transcriptome profiling of infected maize plants indicated that a gene encoding a putative cystatin (CC9) is induced upon penetration by U. maydis wild type...
  2. Martinez Espinoza A, Ruiz Herrera J, León Ramírez C, Gold S. MAP kinase and cAMP signaling pathways modulate the pH-induced yeast-to-mycelium dimorphic transition in the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis. Curr Microbiol. 2004;49:274-81 pubmed
    Acid pH induces the yeast-to-mycelium transition in haploid cells of Ustilago maydis. We tested two signal transduction pathways known to be involved in dimorphism for roles in acid-induced filamentation...
  3. Mueller O, Kahmann R, Aguilar G, Trejo Aguilar B, Wu A, de Vries R. The secretome of the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2008;45 Suppl 1:S63-70 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis establishes a biotrophic relationship with its host plant, i.e. plant cells stay alive despite massive fungal growth in infected tissue. The genome sequence has revealed that U...
  4. Babu M, Choffe K, Saville B. Differential gene expression in filamentous cells of Ustilago maydis. Curr Genet. 2005;47:316-33 pubmed
    ..This study establishes the use of cDNA microarrays to detect gene expression changes in Ustilago maydis cells that differ in structure and nuclear content...
  5. Rabe F, Ajami Rashidi Z, Doehlemann G, Kahmann R, Djamei A. Degradation of the plant defence hormone salicylic acid by the biotrophic fungus Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2013;89:179-88 pubmed publisher
    ..plays an important role in local and systemic defence responses against biotrophic pathogens like the smut fungus Ustilago maydis. Here we identified Shy1, a cytoplasmic U...
  6. Juárez O, Guerra G, Martinez F, Pardo J. The mitochondrial respiratory chain of Ustilago maydis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004;1658:244-51 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis mitochondria contain the four classical components of the electron transport chain (complexes I, II, III, and IV), a glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, and two alternative elements: an external rotenone-insensitive flavone-..
  7. Pham C, Yu Z, Sandrock B, Bölker M, Gold S, Perlin M. Ustilago maydis Rho1 and 14-3-3 homologues participate in pathways controlling cell separation and cell polarity. Eukaryot Cell. 2009;8:977-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the fungal maize pathogen, Ustilago maydis, we were able to demonstrate a functional connection between Pdc1 and Rho1, the U...
  8. Walbot V, Skibbe D. Maize host requirements for Ustilago maydis tumor induction. Sex Plant Reprod. 2010;23:1-13 pubmed publisher
    The biotrophic pathogen Ustilago maydis causes tumors by redirecting vegetative and floral development in maize (Zea mays L.)...
  9. Freitag J, Lanver D, Böhmer C, Schink K, Bölker M, Sandrock B. Septation of infectious hyphae is critical for appressoria formation and virulence in the smut fungus Ustilago maydis. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002044 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, appressoria of drf1 mutants penetrated the plant tissue less frequently...
  10. Brefort T, Doehlemann G, Mendoza Mendoza A, Reissmann S, Djamei A, Kahmann R. Ustilago maydis as a Pathogen. Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2009;47:423-45 pubmed publisher
    The Ustilago maydis-maize pathosystem has emerged as the current model for plant pathogenic basidiomycetes and as one of the few models for a true biotrophic interaction that persists throughout fungal development inside the host plant...
  11. Fink G, Steinberg G. Dynein-dependent motility of microtubules and nucleation sites supports polarization of the tubulin array in the fungus Ustilago maydis. Mol Biol Cell. 2006;17:3242-53 pubmed
    ..Here, we show that MT motility participates in MT organization in the fungus Ustilago maydis...
  12. van der Linde K, Kastner C, Kumlehn J, Kahmann R, Doehlemann G. Systemic virus-induced gene silencing allows functional characterization of maize genes during biotrophic interaction with Ustilago maydis. New Phytol. 2011;189:471-83 pubmed publisher
    Infection of maize (Zea mays) plants with the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis leads to the formation of large tumors on the stem, leaves and inflorescences...
  13. Wedlich Soldner R, Bölker M, Kahmann R, Steinberg G. A putative endosomal t-SNARE links exo- and endocytosis in the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis. EMBO J. 2000;19:1974-86 pubmed
    We identified a temperature-sensitive mutant of the plant pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis that is defective in the polar distribution of cell wall components and shows abnormal morphology...
  14. Egan J, Garcia Pedrajas M, Andrews D, Gold S. Calcineurin is an antagonist to PKA protein phosphorylation required for postmating filamentation and virulence, while PP2A is required for viability in Ustilago maydis. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:1293-301 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis is a dimorphic basidiomycete and the causal agent of corn smut disease. It serves as a genetic model for understanding dimorphism, pathogenicity, and mating response in filamentous fungi...
  15. Budde A, Leong S. Characterization of siderophores from Ustilago maydis. Mycopathologia. 1989;108:125-33 pubmed
    Two siderophores, ferrichrome and ferrichrome A, were found in cultures of Ustilago maydis (DC) Corda. Both siderophores were found intracellularly and extracellularly...
  16. Han R, Zhang J, Li S, Cao S, Geng H, Yuan Y, et al. Homology modeling and screening of new 14?-demethylase inhibitor (DMI) fungicides based on optimized expression of CYP51 from Ustilago maydis in Escherichia coli. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:12810-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis infection is a serious disease affecting corn crops worldwide. Sterol 14?-demethylase (CYP51) is one of the key enzymes of sterol biosynthesis and an effective target of antifungal drugs...
  17. Larraya L, Boyce K, So A, Steen B, Jones S, Marra M, et al. Serial analysis of gene expression reveals conserved links between protein kinase A, ribosome biogenesis, and phosphate metabolism in Ustilago maydis. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:2029-43 pubmed
    ..from budding to filamentous growth is a key aspect of invasive growth and virulence for the fungal phytopathogen Ustilago maydis. The cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling pathway regulates dimorphism in U...
  18. Molina L, Kahmann R. An Ustilago maydis gene involved in H2O2 detoxification is required for virulence. Plant Cell. 2007;19:2293-309 pubmed
    The fungus Ustilago maydis is a biotrophic pathogen of maize (Zea mays). In its genome we have identified an ortholog of YAP1 (for Yeast AP-1-like) from Saccharomyces cerevisae that regulates the oxidative stress response in this organism...
  19. Rodriguez Estrada A, Hegeman A, Kistler H, May G. In vitro interactions between Fusarium verticillioides and Ustilago maydis through real-time PCR and metabolic profiling. Fungal Genet Biol. 2011;48:874-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Nirenberg and the pathogen, Ustilago maydis (DC) (Corda). Endophytic strains of the fungus F...
  20. Pan J, Baumgarten A, May G. Effects of host plant environment and Ustilago maydis infection on the fungal endophyte community of maize (Zea mays). New Phytol. 2008;178:147-56 pubmed publisher
    ..of the host plant, that is, host genetic variation, host variation in resistance to the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis and U. maydis infection, have on the fungal endophyte communities in maize (Zea mays) was examined...
  21. Fernández Alvarez A, Elías Villalobos A, Ibeas J. Protein glycosylation in the phytopathogen Ustilago maydis: From core oligosaccharide synthesis to the ER glycoprotein quality control system, a genomic analysis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2010;47:727-35 pubmed publisher
    The corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis has, over recent decades, become established as a robust pathogenic model for studying fungi-plant relationships. This use of U...
  22. Loubradou G, Brachmann A, Feldbrügge M, Kahmann R. A homologue of the transcriptional repressor Ssn6p antagonizes cAMP signalling in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2001;40:719-30 pubmed
    In Ustilago maydis, cAMP signalling is crucial for successful infection of maize plants...
  23. Smith D, Garcia Pedrajas M, Hong W, Yu Z, Gold S, Perlin M. An ste20 homologue in Ustilago maydis plays a role in mating and pathogenicity. Eukaryot Cell. 2004;3:180-9 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that an Ste20p homologue would play a similar role in the dimorphic plant pathogen Ustilago maydis. The full-length copy of the U...
  24. Mahlert M, Leveleki L, Hlubek A, Sandrock B, Bölker M. Rac1 and Cdc42 regulate hyphal growth and cytokinesis in the dimorphic fungus Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2006;59:567-78 pubmed
    ..Here we show that in the dimorphic plant pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis deletion of either cdc42 or rac1 results in loss of virulence but does not interfere with viability...
  25. Carbó N, Perez Martin J. Activation of the cell wall integrity pathway promotes escape from G2 in the fungus Ustilago maydis. PLoS Genet. 2010;6:e1001009 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we characterized the CWI pathway of Ustilago maydis, a fungus evolutionarily distant from budding and fission yeasts, and show that activation of the CWI ..
  26. Adamíková L, Straube A, Schulz I, Steinberg G. Calcium signaling is involved in dynein-dependent microtubule organization. Mol Biol Cell. 2004;15:1969-80 pubmed
    ..In a screen for morphology mutants defective in microtubule organization in the fungus Ustilago maydis, we identified eca1 that encodes a sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic calcium ATPase...
  27. Reineke G, Heinze B, Schirawski J, Buettner H, Kahmann R, Basse C. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) biosynthesis in the smut fungus Ustilago maydis and its relevance for increased IAA levels in infected tissue and host tumour formation. Mol Plant Pathol. 2008;9:339-55 pubmed publisher
    Infection of maize (Zea mays) plants with the smut fungus Ustilago maydis is characterized by excessive host tumour formation. U. maydis is able to produce indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) efficiently from tryptophan...
  28. Doehlemann G, van der Linde K, Assmann D, Schwammbach D, Hof A, Mohanty A, et al. Pep1, a secreted effector protein of Ustilago maydis, is required for successful invasion of plant cells. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000290 pubmed publisher
    The basidiomycete Ustilago maydis causes smut disease in maize. Colonization of the host plant is initiated by direct penetration of cuticle and cell wall of maize epidermis cells...
  29. Sacadura N, Saville B. Gene expression and EST analyses of Ustilago maydis germinating teliospores. Fungal Genet Biol. 2003;40:47-64 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis grows in its host Zea mays eliciting the formation of obvious tumors that are full of black teliospores. Teliospores are thick-walled, dormant, diploid cells that have evolved for dispersal and survival of the pathogen...
  30. Stoll M, Begerow D, Oberwinkler F. Molecular phylogeny of Ustilago, Sporisorium, and related taxa based on combined analyses of rDNA sequences. Mycol Res. 2005;109:342-56 pubmed
    ..of 98 members of the smut genera Lundquistia, Melanopsichium, Moesziomyces, Macalpinomyces, Sporisorium, and Ustilago (Basidiomycota: Ustilaginales)...
  31. Straube A, Hause G, Fink G, Steinberg G. Conventional kinesin mediates microtubule-microtubule interactions in vivo. Mol Biol Cell. 2006;17:907-16 pubmed
    ..this study, we show that conventional kinesin mediates microtubule-microtubule interactions in the model fungus Ustilago maydis...
  32. Teichmann B, Linne U, Hewald S, Marahiel M, Bölker M. A biosynthetic gene cluster for a secreted cellobiose lipid with antifungal activity from Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2007;66:525-33 pubmed
    The phytopathogenic basidiomycetous fungus Ustilago maydis secretes large amounts of the glycolipid biosurfactant ustilagic acid (UA)...
  33. Laurie J, Linning R, Bakkeren G. Hallmarks of RNA silencing are found in the smut fungus Ustilago hordei but not in its close relative Ustilago maydis. Curr Genet. 2008;53:49-58 pubmed
    ..With the goal of using RNAi as a tool for studying gene function in the related basidiomycete cereal pathogens Ustilago hordei and Ustilago maydis, we developed a general purpose RNAi expression vector...
  34. Lanver D, Mendoza Mendoza A, Brachmann A, Kahmann R. Sho1 and Msb2-related proteins regulate appressorium development in the smut fungus Ustilago maydis. Plant Cell. 2010;22:2085-101 pubmed publisher
    The dimorphic fungus Ustilago maydis switches from budding to hyphal growth on the plant surface. In response to hydrophobicity and hydroxy fatty acids, U. maydis develops infection structures called appressoria...
  35. Mueller A, Ziemann S, Treitschke S, Aßmann D, Doehlemann G. Compatibility in the Ustilago maydis-maize interaction requires inhibition of host cysteine proteases by the fungal effector Pit2. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003177 pubmed publisher
    The basidiomycete Ustilago maydis causes smut disease in maize, with large plant tumors being formed as the most prominent disease symptoms. During all steps of infection, U...
  36. Böhmer C, Böhmer M, Bölker M, Sandrock B. Cdc42 and the Ste20-like kinase Don3 act independently in triggering cytokinesis in Ustilago maydis. J Cell Sci. 2008;121:143-8 pubmed
    In the dimorphic fungus Ustilago maydis the Rho-family GTP-binding protein Cdc42 and the Ste20-like kinase Don3 are both essential for triggering cell separation during cytokinesis...
  37. Heimel K, Scherer M, Vranes M, Wahl R, Pothiratana C, Schuler D, et al. The transcription factor Rbf1 is the master regulator for b-mating type controlled pathogenic development in Ustilago maydis. PLoS Pathog. 2010;6:e1001035 pubmed publisher
    In the phytopathogenic basidiomycete Ustilago maydis, sexual and pathogenic development are tightly connected and controlled by the heterodimeric bE/bW transcription factor complex encoded by the b-mating type locus...
  38. Liu Y, Koh C, Sun L, Ji L. Tartronate semialdehyde reductase defines a novel rate-limiting step in assimilation and bioconversion of glycerol in Ustilago maydis. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16438 pubmed publisher
    ..Currently, it has limited applications with low bioconversion efficiency to most metabolites reported. This is partly attributed to the poor knowledge on the glycerol metabolic pathway in bacteria and fungi...
  39. Baumann S, Pohlmann T, Jungbluth M, Brachmann A, Feldbrügge M. Kinesin-3 and dynein mediate microtubule-dependent co-transport of mRNPs and endosomes. J Cell Sci. 2012;125:2740-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we solve the motor composition of transported mRNPs containing the RNA-binding protein Rrm4 of the pathogen Ustilago maydis. The underlying transport process determines the axis of polarity in infectious filaments...
  40. Nugent K, Choffe K, Saville B. Gene expression during Ustilago maydis diploid filamentous growth: EST library creation and analyses. Fungal Genet Biol. 2004;41:349-60 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis is an important model system for the plant pathogenic smut and rust fungi. Critical to the continued development of this model is establishing genomic resources...
  41. Schirawski J, Mannhaupt G, Münch K, Brefort T, Schipper K, Doehlemann G, et al. Pathogenicity determinants in smut fungi revealed by genome comparison. Science. 2010;330:1546-8 pubmed publisher
    Biotrophic pathogens, such as the related maize pathogenic fungi Ustilago maydis and Sporisorium reilianum, establish an intimate relationship with their hosts by secreting protein effectors...
  42. Keon J, White G, Hargreaves J. Isolation, characterization and sequence of a gene conferring resistance to the systemic fungicide carboxin from the maize smut pathogen, Ustilago maydis. Curr Genet. 1991;19:475-81 pubmed
    ..A gene which confers resistance to the systemic fungicide carboxin (Cbx) has been isolated from the maize pathogen, Ustilago maydis, by transferring a plasmid gene library from a Cbx-resistant mutant strain into a sensitive strain and ..
  43. Brachmann A, Konig J, Julius C, Feldbrügge M. A reverse genetic approach for generating gene replacement mutants in Ustilago maydis. Mol Genet Genomics. 2004;272:216-26 pubmed
    We describe a versatile strategy for generating gene replacement mutants in the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis...
  44. Flor Parra I, Vranes M, Kämper J, Perez Martin J. Biz1, a zinc finger protein required for plant invasion by Ustilago maydis, regulates the levels of a mitotic cyclin. Plant Cell. 2006;18:2369-87 pubmed
    ..For instance, when the smut fungus Ustilago maydis infects maize (Zea mays), its dikaryotic infective filament is cell cycle arrested, and appressoria are ..
  45. Scherer M, Heimel K, Starke V, Kämper J. The Clp1 protein is required for clamp formation and pathogenic development of Ustilago maydis. Plant Cell. 2006;18:2388-401 pubmed
    In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, pathogenic development is controlled by a heterodimer of the two homeodomain proteins bE and bW, encoded by the b-mating-type locus...
  46. Skibbe D, Doehlemann G, Fernandes J, Walbot V. Maize tumors caused by Ustilago maydis require organ-specific genes in host and pathogen. Science. 2010;328:89-92 pubmed publisher
    Infection of maize by corn smut (Ustilago maydis) provides an agronomically important model of biotrophic host-pathogen interactions...
  47. Banuett F, Herskowitz I. Discrete developmental stages during teliospore formation in the corn smut fungus, Ustilago maydis. Development. 1996;122:2965-76 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis is a dimorphic fungus with a yeast-like non-pathogenic form and a filamentous (hyphal) pathogenic form that induces tumor formation in maize...
  48. Garcia Muse T, Steinberg G, Perez Martin J. Characterization of B-type cyclins in the smut fungus Ustilago maydis: roles in morphogenesis and pathogenicity. J Cell Sci. 2004;117:487-506 pubmed
    Pathogenesis, morphogenesis and cell cycle are connected in the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis...
  49. Becht P, Vollmeister E, Feldbrügge M. Role for RNA-binding proteins implicated in pathogenic development of Ustilago maydis. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:121-33 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis causes smut disease on corn...
  50. Brefort T, Muller P, Kahmann R. The high-mobility-group domain transcription factor Rop1 is a direct regulator of prf1 in Ustilago maydis. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:379-91 pubmed
    In the smut fungus Ustilago maydis, the pheromone signal is transmitted via a mitogen-activated protein kinase module to the high-mobility-group (HMG) domain transcription factor Prf1, leading to its activation...
  51. Di Stasio M, Brefort T, Mendoza Mendoza A, Münch K, Kahmann R. The dual specificity phosphatase Rok1 negatively regulates mating and pathogenicity in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2009;73:73-88 pubmed publisher
    In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis a conserved mitogen-activated-protein-kinase (MAPK) module regulates sexual and pathogenic development...
  52. Steinberg G. Cytoplasmic fungal lipases release fungicides from ultra-deformable vesicular drug carriers. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38181 pubmed publisher
    ..As this mode of action of Transfersomes is independent of the drug cargo, these results demonstrate the potential of Transfersomes in the treatment of all fungal diseases. ..
  53. Mao N, Zhou Q, Kojic M, Perez Martin J, Holloman W. Ortholog of BRCA2-interacting protein BCCIP controls morphogenetic responses during DNA replication stress in Ustilago maydis. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1651-60 pubmed
    ..C-terminal domain, has a profound effect on activity as deduced from studies on the BRCA2-related protein Brh2 in Ustilago maydis...
  54. Garcia Pedrajas M, Baeza Montañez L, Gold S. Regulation of Ustilago maydis dimorphism, sporulation, and pathogenic development by a transcription factor with a highly conserved APSES domain. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:211-22 pubmed publisher
    In Ustilago maydis, the causal agent of corn smut, the morphological transition from yeast to filamentous growth is inextricably linked to pathogenicity; budding haploid cells are saprobic and, upon mating of compatible strains, the ..
  55. Treitschke S, Doehlemann G, Schuster M, Steinberg G. The myosin motor domain of fungal chitin synthase V is dispensable for vesicle motility but required for virulence of the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. Plant Cell. 2010;22:2476-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we analyze the importance of both domains in Mcs1, the chitin synthase V of the maize smut fungus Ustilago maydis...
  56. Doehlemann G, Reissmann S, Assmann D, Fleckenstein M, Kahmann R. Two linked genes encoding a secreted effector and a membrane protein are essential for Ustilago maydis-induced tumour formation. Mol Microbiol. 2011;81:751-66 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis is a biotrophic fungal pathogen that colonizes living tissue of its host plant maize...
  57. Leveleki L, Mahlert M, Sandrock B, Bölker M. The PAK family kinase Cla4 is required for budding and morphogenesis in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2004;54:396-406 pubmed
    The phytopathogenic basidiomycete Ustilago maydis displays a dimorphic switch between budding growth of haploid cells and filamentous growth of the dikaryon...
  58. Böhmer C, Ripp C, Bölker M. The germinal centre kinase Don3 triggers the dynamic rearrangement of higher-order septin structures during cytokinesis in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2009;74:1484-96 pubmed publisher
    The dimorphic phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis grows in its haploid phase by budding. Cytokinesis and separation of daughter cells are accomplished by the consecutive formation of two distinct septa...
  59. Wedlich Soldner R, Schulz I, Straube A, Steinberg G. Dynein supports motility of endoplasmic reticulum in the fungus Ustilago maydis. Mol Biol Cell. 2002;13:965-77 pubmed
    ..set out to elucidate the role of the tubulin cytoskeleton in ER organization and dynamics in the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis...
  60. Basse C. Dissecting defense-related and developmental transcriptional responses of maize during Ustilago maydis infection and subsequent tumor formation. Plant Physiol. 2005;138:1774-84 pubmed publisher
    Infection of maize (Zea mays) plants with the smut fungus Ustilago maydis triggers the formation of tumors on aerial parts in which the fungal life cycle is completed...
  61. Castillo Lluva S, Perez Martin J. The induction of the mating program in the phytopathogen Ustilago maydis is controlled by a G1 cyclin. Plant Cell. 2005;17:3544-60 pubmed
    ..In the maize smut fungus Ustilago maydis, pathogenesis and sexual development are intricately interconnected...
  62. Voth P, Mairura L, Lockhart B, May G. Phylogeography of Ustilago maydis virus H1 in the USA and Mexico. J Gen Virol. 2006;87:3433-41 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis virus H1 (Umv-H1) is a mycovirus that infects Ustilago maydis, a fungal pathogen of maize...
  63. Hemetsberger C, Herrberger C, Zechmann B, Hillmer M, Doehlemann G. The Ustilago maydis effector Pep1 suppresses plant immunity by inhibition of host peroxidase activity. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002684 pubmed publisher
    The corn smut Ustilago maydis establishes a biotrophic interaction with its host plant maize. This interaction requires efficient suppression of plant immune responses, which is attributed to secreted effector proteins...
  64. Castillo Lluva S, Alvarez Tabarés I, Weber I, Steinberg G, Perez Martin J. Sustained cell polarity and virulence in the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis depends on an essential cyclin-dependent kinase from the Cdk5/Pho85 family. J Cell Sci. 2007;120:1584-95 pubmed
    ..Here we used the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis to address the role of Cdk5/Pho85 kinases in the morphogenesis and virulence of dimorphic phytopathogens...
  65. Baumgarten A, Suresh J, May G, Phillips R. Mapping QTLs contributing to Ustilago maydis resistance in specific plant tissues of maize. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;114:1229-38 pubmed
    Quantitative trait loci (QTL) contributing to the frequency and severity of Ustilago maydis infection in the leaf, ear, stalk, and tassel of maize plants were mapped using an A188 x CMV3 and W23 x CMV3 recombinant inbred (RI) populations...
  66. Wahl R, Zahiri A, Kämper J. The Ustilago maydis b mating type locus controls hyphal proliferation and expression of secreted virulence factors in planta. Mol Microbiol. 2010;75:208-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, the b mating type locus encodes two homeodomain proteins, termed bE and bW...
  67. Basse C, Lottspeich F, Steglich W, Kahmann R. Two potential indole-3-acetaldehyde dehydrogenases in the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis. Eur J Biochem. 1996;242:648-56 pubmed
    The phytopathogenic basidiomycetc Ustilago maydis produces indole-3-acetic acid (IndCH2COOH) and indole-3-pyruvic acid (Ind-Prv) from tryptophan...
  68. Wedlich Soldner R, Straube A, Friedrich M, Steinberg G. A balance of KIF1A-like kinesin and dynein organizes early endosomes in the fungus Ustilago maydis. EMBO J. 2002;21:2946-57 pubmed
    In Ustilago maydis, bidirectional transport of early endosomes is microtubule dependent and supports growth and cell separation...
  69. Sandrock B, Böhmer C, Bölker M. Dual function of the germinal centre kinase Don3 during mitosis and cytokinesis in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2006;62:655-66 pubmed
    Septum formation is a crucial step of cytokinesis in fungi. In the basidiomycete Ustilago maydis, the germinal centre kinase Don3 triggers initiation of a secondary septum necessary for cell separation after cytokinesis...
  70. Kämper J, Kahmann R, Bölker M, Ma L, Brefort T, Saville B, et al. Insights from the genome of the biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Ustilago maydis. Nature. 2006;444:97-101 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis is a ubiquitous pathogen of maize and a well-established model organism for the study of plant-microbe interactions. This basidiomycete fungus does not use aggressive virulence strategies to kill its host. U...
  71. König J, Baumann S, Koepke J, Pohlmann T, Zarnack K, Feldbrügge M. The fungal RNA-binding protein Rrm4 mediates long-distance transport of ubi1 and rho3 mRNAs. EMBO J. 2009;28:1855-66 pubmed publisher
    Cytoskeletal transport promotes polar growth in filamentous fungi. In Ustilago maydis, the RNA-binding protein Rrm4 shuttles along microtubules and is crucial for polarity in infectious filaments...
  72. Horst R, Doehlemann G, Wahl R, Hofmann J, Schmiedl A, Kahmann R, et al. A model of Ustilago maydis leaf tumor metabolism. Plant Signal Behav. 2010;5:1446-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In a previous study, we analyzed how local infection of maize leaves by the tumor-inducing fungus Ustilago maydis affects whole plant physiology and were able to show that carbon and nitrogen assimilates are rerouted to ..
  73. Steinberg G, Schuster M, Theisen U, Kilaru S, Forge A, Martín Urdíroz M. Motor-driven motility of fungal nuclear pores organizes chromosomes and fosters nucleocytoplasmic transport. J Cell Biol. 2012;198:343-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that motor-driven motility of NPCs organizes the fungal nucleus. In Ustilago maydis, Aspergillus nidulans, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae fluorescently labeled NPCs showed ATP-dependent ..
  74. Yuan W, Gentil G, Budde A, Leong S. Characterization of the Ustilago maydis sid2 gene, encoding a multidomain peptide synthetase in the ferrichrome biosynthetic gene cluster. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:4040-51 pubmed
    b>Ustilago maydis, the causal agent of corn smut disease, acquires and transports ferric ion by producing the extracellular, cyclic peptide, hydroxamate siderophores ferrichrome and ferrichrome A...
  75. Holliday R. Early studies on recombination and DNA repair in Ustilago maydis. DNA Repair (Amst). 2004;3:671-82 pubmed
    ..The research on Ustilago was divided broadly into (1) experimental genetic studies, and (2) DNA enzymology, largely under the direction of ..
  76. Muller P, Leibbrandt A, Teunissen H, Cubasch S, Aichinger C, Kahmann R. The Gbeta-subunit-encoding gene bpp1 controls cyclic-AMP signaling in Ustilago maydis. Eukaryot Cell. 2004;3:806-14 pubmed
    In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, fusion of haploid cells is a prerequisite for infection. This process is controlled by a pheromone-receptor system...
  77. Böhmer M, Colby T, Böhmer C, Bräutigam A, Schmidt J, Bölker M. Proteomic analysis of dimorphic transition in the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis. Proteomics. 2007;7:675-85 pubmed
    In the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis, the dimorphic transition from budding to filamentous growth is intrinsically associated with the switch from a saprophytic to a pathogenic lifestyle...
  78. Mazloum N, Zhou Q, Holloman W. DNA binding, annealing, and strand exchange activities of Brh2 protein from Ustilago maydis. Biochemistry. 2007;46:7163-73 pubmed
    Brh2 is the Ustilago maydis ortholog of the BRCA2 tumor suppressor. It functions in repair of DNA by homologous recombination by controlling the action of Rad51...
  79. Banuett F, Quintanilla R, Reynaga Peña C. The machinery for cell polarity, cell morphogenesis, and the cytoskeleton in the Basidiomycete fungus Ustilago maydis-a survey of the genome sequence. Fungal Genet Biol. 2008;45 Suppl 1:S3-S14 pubmed publisher
    b>Ustilago maydis, a Basidiomycete fungus that infects maize, exhibits two basic morphologies, a yeast-like and a filamentous form. The yeast-like cell is elongated, divides by budding, and the bud grows by tip extension...
  80. Valdés Santiago L, Cervantes Chávez J, Winkler R, León Ramírez C, Ruiz Herrera J. Phenotypic comparison of samdc and spe mutants reveals complex relationships of polyamine metabolism in Ustilago maydis. Microbiology. 2012;158:674-84 pubmed publisher
    ..and disrupted the gene encoding Spe as a first approach to unravel the biological function of spermidine in Ustilago maydis...
  81. Regenfelder E, Spellig T, Hartmann A, Lauenstein S, Bölker M, Kahmann R. G proteins in Ustilago maydis: transmission of multiple signals?. EMBO J. 1997;16:1934-42 pubmed
    In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, cell fusion is governed by a pheromone signalling system. The pheromone receptors belong to the seven transmembrane class that are coupled to heterotrimeric G proteins...
  82. Abramovitch R, Yang G, Kronstad J. The ukb1 gene encodes a putative protein kinase required for bud site selection and pathogenicity in Ustilago maydis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2002;37:98-108 pubmed
    Morphogenesis and pathogenesis are closely associated aspects of the life cycle of the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis...
  83. Weber I, Gruber C, Steinberg G. A class-V myosin required for mating, hyphal growth, and pathogenicity in the dimorphic plant pathogen Ustilago maydis. Plant Cell. 2003;15:2826-42 pubmed
    In the early stages of plant infection, yeast-like haploid sporidia of Ustilago maydis respond to pheromone secreted by compatible partners by forming conjugation tubes...
  84. Klose J, de Sá M, Kronstad J. Lipid-induced filamentous growth in Ustilago maydis. Mol Microbiol. 2004;52:823-35 pubmed
    The phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis is obligately dependent on infection of maize to complete the sexual phase of its life cycle...
  85. Flor Parra I, Castillo Lluva S, Perez Martin J. Polar growth in the infectious hyphae of the phytopathogen ustilago maydis depends on a virulence-specific cyclin. Plant Cell. 2007;19:3280-96 pubmed
    The maize smut fungus Ustilago maydis switches from yeast to hyphal growth to infect maize (Zea mays) plants. This switching is promoted by mating of compatible cells and seems to be required for plant penetration...
  86. Feldbrügge M, Zarnack K, Vollmeister E, Baumann S, Koepke J, König J, et al. The posttranscriptional machinery of Ustilago maydis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2008;45 Suppl 1:S40-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we present an inventory of the posttranscriptional machinery of Ustilago maydis that is based on the recently sequenced genome and its comprehensive manual annotation...
  87. Holloman W, Schirawski J, Holliday R. The homologous recombination system of Ustilago maydis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2008;45 Suppl 1:S31-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Much of what is known about recombination genes and mechanisms comes from studies on baker's yeast. Ustilago maydis, a basidiomycete fungus, is distant evolutionarily from baker's yeast and so offers the possibility of ..
  88. Vollmeister E, Haag C, Zarnack K, Baumann S, König J, Mannhaupt G, et al. Tandem KH domains of Khd4 recognize AUACCC and are essential for regulation of morphology as well as pathogenicity in Ustilago maydis. RNA. 2009;15:2206-18 pubmed publisher
    ..In Ustilago maydis, evidence is accumulating that post-transcriptional processes are important to determine pathogenicity...
  89. Schuster M, Kilaru S, Fink G, Collemare J, Roger Y, Steinberg G. Kinesin-3 and dynein cooperate in long-range retrograde endosome motility along a nonuniform microtubule array. Mol Biol Cell. 2011;22:3645-57 pubmed publisher
    ..In elongated cells of Ustilago maydis, dynein is thought to move early endosomes (EEs) toward the septum (retrograde), whereas kinesin-3 ..
  90. Sartorel E, Perez Martin J. The distinct interaction between cell cycle regulation and the widely conserved morphogenesis-related (MOR) pathway in the fungus Ustilago maydis determines morphology. J Cell Sci. 2012;125:4597-608 pubmed publisher
    ..We based our conclusion on the characterization of the MOR pathway in the fungus Ustilago maydis. Each gene that encodes proteins of this pathway in U. maydis was deleted...
  91. Gold S, Bakkeren G, Davies J, Kronstad J. Three selectable markers for transformation of Ustilago maydis. Gene. 1994;142:225-30 pubmed
    Although Ustilago maydis is readily amenable to molecular genetic experimentation, few antibiotic-resistance markers are available for DNA-mediated transformation...
  92. Bennett R, Holloman W. A RecA homologue in Ustilago maydis that is distinct and evolutionarily distant from Rad51 actively promotes DNA pairing reactions in the absence of auxiliary factors. Biochemistry. 2001;40:2942-53 pubmed
    Two RecA homologues have been identified to date in Ustilago maydis. One is orthologous to Rad51 while the other, Rec2, is structurally quite divergent and evolutionarily distant. DNA repair and recombination proficiency in U...