Summary: A family of bracket fungi, order POLYPORALES, living in decaying plant matter and timber.

Top Publications

  1. Georis J, Lomascolo A, Camarero S, Dorgeo V, Herpoël I, Asther M, et al. Pycnoporus cinnabarinus laccases: an interesting tool for food or non-food applications. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2003;68:263-6 pubmed
    ..A positive evaluation of the laccase has been also performed in a food application. The colour of a tea-based beverage was significantly improved by incubating an infusion of green tea with the Pycnoporus laccase. ..
  2. Lee S, Tan N, Fung S, Pailoor J, Sim S. Evaluation of the sub-acute toxicity of the sclerotium of Lignosus rhinocerus (Cooke), the Tiger Milk mushroom. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;138:192-200 pubmed publisher
    ..The sclerotium of the mushroom is the part with medicinal value. Lignosus rhinocerus was hitherto unexploited commercially because of limited supply. Recently, the mushroom was successfully cultivated...
  3. Bourbonnais R, Paice M, Reid I, Lanthier P, Yaguchi M. Lignin oxidation by laccase isozymes from Trametes versicolor and role of the mediator 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonate) in kraft lignin depolymerization. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995;61:1876-80 pubmed
  4. Yap Y, Tan N, Fung S, Aziz A, Tan C, Ng S. Nutrient composition, antioxidant properties, and anti-proliferative activity of Lignosus rhinocerus Cooke sclerotium. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:2945-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The nutrient composition, antioxidant properties, and anti-proliferative activity of wild type and a cultivated strain of L. rhinocerus sclerotia were investigated...
  5. Sigoillot C, Record E, Belle V, Robert J, Levasseur A, Punt P, et al. Natural and recombinant fungal laccases for paper pulp bleaching. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2004;64:346-52 pubmed
    ..Kinetic and redox potential data and pulp bleaching results were consistent, suggesting that the three enzymes are different and each fungal strain introduces differences during protein processing (folding and/or glycosylation). ..
  6. Chen Z, Wu P, Huang Y, Xue J, Wei X. Polyporolide, a new acetogenin from the mycelial culture of a Polyporus fungus. Nat Prod Res. 2006;20:1145-9 pubmed
    ..Its structure was elucidated as 4-hydroxy-5-(1-hydroxyhexyl)-dihydrofuran-2-one by spectroscopic methods. Its toxicity to brine shrimps was assessed. ..
  7. Wu X, Lin S, Zhu C, Yue Z, Yu Y, Zhao F, et al. Homo- and heptanor-sterols and tremulane sesquiterpenes from cultures of Phellinus igniarius. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:1294-300 pubmed publisher
    ..7%, 45.4%, 46.6%, and 32.1%, respectively, as compared with the blank control. ..
  8. Suzuki H, MacDonald J, Syed K, Salamov A, Hori C, Aerts A, et al. Comparative genomics of the white-rot fungi, Phanerochaete carnosa and P. chrysosporium, to elucidate the genetic basis of the distinct wood types they colonize. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:444 pubmed publisher
    ..carnosa, along with differences in carbohydrate- and lignin-degrading enzymes, could be correlated to the utilization of heartwood and sapwood preparations from both coniferous and hardwood species. ..
  9. Arora D, Gill P. Effects of various media and supplements on laccase production by some white rot fungi. Bioresour Technol. 2001;77:89-91 pubmed
    ..Of the various basal media tested, mineral salts malt extract broth proved to be the best medium for laccase production. Sugarcane bagasse proved to be the best laccase inducer among the various supplements added to different media. ..

More Information

Publications156 found, 100 shown here

  1. Trupkin S, Levin L, Forchiassin F, Viale A. Optimization of a culture medium for ligninolytic enzyme production and synthetic dye decolorization using response surface methodology. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2003;30:682-90 pubmed
    ..It also implies that this fungus implements different strategies to degrade dyes with diverse chemical structures. ..
  2. Feder Kubis J, Bryjak J. Laccase activity and stability in the presence of menthol-based ionic liquids. Acta Biochim Pol. 2013;60:741-5 pubmed
    ..In general, the imidazolium (I) and ammonium (IV) salts with shorter alkyl chains supported laccase activity and stability. ..
  3. Wu L, Hu C, Han T, Zheng C, Ma X, Rahman K, et al. Cytotoxic metabolites from Perenniporia tephropora, an endophytic fungus from Taxus chinensis var. mairei. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:305-15 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that the endophytic fungus P. tephropora is a promising source of novel and cytotoxic metabolites. ..
  4. Vanhulle S, Trovaslet M, Enaud E, Lucas M, Taghavi S, Van Der Lelie D, et al. Decolorization, cytotoxicity, and genotoxicity reduction during a combined ozonation/fungal treatment of dye-contaminated wastewater. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:584-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, the initial genotoxicity of the effluent was still present after the ozone treatment, while it was completely removed through the fungal treatment. ..
  5. Schubert M, Schwarze F. Evaluation of the interspecific competitive ability of the bioincising fungus Physisporinus vitreus. J Basic Microbiol. 2011;51:80-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To improve the uniformity of colonization and to reduce the rate of contamination, the incubation of wood in a sealed system (bioreactor) after sterilization is suggested. ..
  6. Fuhr M, Schubert M, Schwarze F, Herrmann H. Modelling the hyphal growth of the wood-decay fungus Physisporinus vitreus. Fungal Biol. 2011;115:919-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Simulations were compared with experimental data. The growth of P. vitreus is characterized by a stepwise capture of the substrate and the effect of this on wood according to different model parameters is discussed. ..
  7. Neifar M, Jaouani A, Martínez M, Penninckx M. Comparative study of olive oil mill wastewater treatment using free and immobilized Coriolopsis polyzona and Pycnoporus coccineus. J Microbiol. 2012;50:746-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The results obtained in this study suggested that immobilized C. polyzona and especially immobilized P. coccineus might be applicable to a large scale for the removal colour and COD of OOMW. ..
  8. Jin S, Xie Q, Chen J. [Inhibition of Cryptoporus volvatus ferment substance on release of leukotriene B4, C4 and D4 from neutrophils in rats in vitro]. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2003;32:292-5 pubmed
    ..Inhibitory rate of leukotriene D(4) production was 55.6%, 60.9% and 72.8%(P<0.05), respectively. The results suggest that suppression of leukotriene release may be a mechanism of the anti-inflammation and anti-asthma effects of CVFS. ..
  9. Polak J, Jarosz Wilkołazka A. Whole-cell fungal transformation of precursors into dyes. Microb Cell Fact. 2010;9:51 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of immobilized fungal biomass limits free migration of cells and facilitates their reuse in a continuous system for precursor transformation. ..
  10. Kong B, Tan N, Fung S, Pailoor J, Tan C, Ng S. Nutritional composition, antioxidant properties, and toxicology evaluation of the sclerotium of Tiger Milk Mushroom Lignosus tigris cultivar E. Nutr Res. 2016;36:174-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Acute toxicity assessment indicated that L. tigris E sclerotial powder was not toxic at the dose of 2000 mg kg(-1). In conclusion, L. tigris E sclerotium has the potential to be developed into a functional food and nutraceutical. ..
  11. Herpoël I, Moukha S, Lesage Meessen L, Sigoillot J, Asther M. Selection of Pycnoporus cinnabarinus strains for laccase production. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000;183:301-6 pubmed
    ..One of these strains, ss3, produced a higher level of laccase than the parental strain I-937. The maximum production reached 29000 U l(-1) in medium supplemented with ferulic acid. ..
  12. Huang Z, Dan Y, Huang Y, Lin L, Li T, Ye W, et al. Sesquiterpenes from the mycelial cultures of Dichomitus squalens. J Nat Prod. 2004;67:2121-3 pubmed
    ..Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and their nematicidal activities against Bursaphelenchus xylophilus were assessed. ..
  13. Wu T, Shi L, Kuo S. Cytotoxicity of Ganoderma lucidum triterpenes. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:1121-2 pubmed
    ..Among them, lucidenic acid N (1), lucidenic acid A, and ganoderic acid E showed significant cytotoxic activity against Hep G2, Hep G2,2,15, and P-388 tumor cells. ..
  14. Kauserud H, Schumacher T. Ribosomal DNA variation, recombination and inheritance in the basidiomycete Trichaptum abietinum: implications for reticulate evolution. Heredity (Edinb). 2003;91:163-72 pubmed
    ..The results are discussed in the light of other evolutionary mechanisms as well. ..
  15. Cing S, Yesilada O. Astrazon Red dye decolorization by growing cells and pellets of Funalia trogii. J Basic Microbiol. 2004;44:263-9 pubmed
    ..These pellets showed the stable dye decolorization activity during the repeated batch experiments. The study revealed that dye decolorization by pellets is more effective method than the growing cell method. ..
  16. Ren G, Liu X, Zhu H, Yang S, Fu C. Evaluation of cytotoxic activities of some medicinal polypore fungi from China. Fitoterapia. 2006;77:408-10 pubmed
  17. Wang H, Ng T, Liu Q. A novel lectin from the wild mushroom Polyporus adusta. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;307:535-9 pubmed
    ..FeCl(3) at 10mM caused the hemagglutinating activity to increase by 100%, but it did not change the lectin activity when tested at lower concentrations up to 5mM. ..
  18. Kamo T, Asanoma M, Shibata H, Hirota M. Anti-inflammatory lanostane-type triterpene acids from Piptoporus betulinus. J Nat Prod. 2003;66:1104-6 pubmed
    ..All these compounds suppressed the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced edema on mouse ears by 49-86% with a 400 nmol/ear application. ..
  19. Johannes C, Majcherczyk A, Huttermann A. Degradation of anthracene by laccase of Trametes versicolor in the presence of different mediator compounds. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1996;46:313-7 pubmed
    ..0 mM) resulting again in 80% quinone. Phenothiazine was not effective in this system. ..
  20. Sang Z, Li D, Tao M, Zhang W, Tu G. [Studies on the secondary metabolites of Coriolopsis sp. G066]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2011;34:549-51 pubmed
    ..Six compounds were isolated and identified as diaporthein A(1), tyrosol(2), eburicoic acid(3), ergosterol(4), ergosterol peroxide(5) and cerevisterol (6). All the compounds are isolated from the genus for the first time. ..
  21. Omarini A, Dambolena J, Lucini E, Jaramillo Mejía S, Albertó E, Zygadlo J. Biotransformation of 1,8-cineole by solid-state fermentation of Eucalyptus waste from the essential oil industry using Pleurotus ostreatus and Favolus tenuiculus. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2016;61:149-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Both fungal strains have the ability to produce aroma compounds with potential applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. ..
  22. Tochikura T, Nakashima H, Ohashi Y, Yamamoto N. Inhibition (in vitro) of replication and of the cytopathic effect of human immunodeficiency virus by an extract of the culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia. Med Microbiol Immunol. 1988;177:235-44 pubmed
    ..Thus, the inhibitory effect of LEM and E-P-LEM on HIV could be due to a blocking of the initial stages of HIV infection. Moreover, reverse transcriptase activity of avian myeloblastosis virus was inhibited. ..
  23. Sotome K, Hattori T, Ota Y, To anun C, Salleh B, Kakishima M. Phylogenetic relationships of Polyporus and morphologically allied genera. Mycologia. 2008;100:603-15 pubmed
    ..This suggests that morphological characters used to define these groups have phylogenetic significance and reveals the need for a taxonomic revision of Polyporus and its allied genera. ..
  24. Yoshikawa K, Bando S, Arihara S, Matsumura E, Katayama S. A benzofuran glycoside and an acetylenic acid from the fungus Laetiporus sulphureus var. miniatus. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001;49:327-9 pubmed
    ..The known compounds 3-6 were also obtained and identified as egonol, demethoxyegonol, egonol glucoside and egonol gentiobioside. Some of these compounds exhibited cytotoxicity against Kato III cells. ..
  25. Pilz R, Hammer E, Schauer F, Kragl U. Laccase-catalysed synthesis of coupling products of phenolic substrates in different reactors. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2003;60:708-12 pubmed
    ..Membrane processes were used for bubble-free aeration of the system and to recover the soluble enzyme. ..
  26. Wang Y, Shang X, Wang S, Mo S, Li S, Yang Y, et al. Structures, biogenesis, and biological activities of pyrano[4,3-c]isochromen-4-one derivatives from the Fungus Phellinus igniarius. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:296-9 pubmed
    ..Compounds 1 and 2 inhibited protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, while compound 3 exhibited cytotoxic activity against several human cancer cell lines. ..
  27. Yang L, Wang R, Liu J, Tong H, Deng Y, Li Q. [The effect of polyporus umbellatus polysaccharide on the immunosuppression property of culture supernatant of S180 cells]. Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2004;20:234-7 pubmed
    ..PUPS can offset the immunosuppression of the supernatant from S180 cell culture, which may be mediated by down-regulating the synthesis and/or secretion of immunosuppressive substance by S180 cells. ..
  28. Susla M, Novotný C, Svobodová K. The implication of Dichomitus squalens laccase isoenzymes in dye decolorization by immobilized fungal cultures. Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:2109-15 pubmed
    ..In this study, we demonstrated different dye decolorization capacities of Lc1 and Lc2 as well. ..
  29. Eichlerova I, Homolka L, Benada O, Kofronova O, Hubálek T, Nerud F. Decolorization of Orange G and Remazol Brilliant Blue R by the white rot fungus Dichomitus squalens: toxicological evaluation and morphological study. Chemosphere. 2007;69:795-802 pubmed
    ..Two endpoints such as the number of fronds and their weight were studied during the bioassay. The results showed higher toxicity of RBBR than that of Orange G. The toxicity of both dyes decreased after the decolorization process. ..
  30. do Rosário Freixo M, Karmali A, Arteiro J. Production of polygalacturonase from Coriolus versicolor grown on tomato pomace and its chromatographic behaviour on immobilized metal chelates. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;35:475-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The purified enzyme preparation was analysed by SDS-PAGE as well as by "in situ" detection of enzyme activity. ..
  31. Sahay R, Yadav R, Yadav K. Purification and characterization of laccase secreted by L. lividus. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2009;157:311-20 pubmed publisher
    ..0, and 60 degrees C, respectively. The K(m) values for other substrates like catechol, m-cresol, pyrogallol, and syringaldazine have also been determined and found to be 230, 210, 320, and 350 microM, respectively. ..
  32. Schwarze F, Schubert M. Physisporinus vitreus: a versatile white rot fungus for engineering value-added wood products. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;92:431-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we peep into the future potential of the bioincising and mycowood processes for additional applications in the forest and wood industry. ..
  33. Kobira S, Atsumi T, Kakiuchi N, Mikage M. Difference in cultivation characteristics and genetic polymorphism between Chinese and Japanese strains of Wolfiporia cocos Ryvarden et Gilbertson (Poria cocos Wolf). J Nat Med. 2012;66:493-9 pubmed publisher
    Poria, a dried sclerotium of Wolfiporia cocos Ryvarden et Gilbertson (Polyporaceae) has been used as a crude drug in both Chinese and Japanese (Kampo) traditional medicines...
  34. Bratkovskaya I, Ivanec R, Kulys J. Mediator-assisted laccase-catalyzed oxidation of 4-hydroxybiphenyl. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2006;71:550-4 pubmed
    ..Analyzing experimental data, we obtained kinetic constants close to those obtained by modeling the processes. ..
  35. Yus Azila Y, Mashitah M, Bhatia S. Process optimization studies of lead (Pb(II)) biosorption onto immobilized cells of Pycnoporus sanguineus using response surface methodology. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:8549-52 pubmed publisher
    ..7% of Pb(II) ions removal at pH 4, 200mg/L of initial Pb(II) concentration with 10g/L of biosorbent. The experimental values are in good agreement with predicted values within +0.10 to +0.81% error. ..
  36. Zhu J, Zhang H, Xie Q. [Effect of Cryptoporus polysaccharide on lipopolysaccharide-induced production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in human alveolar epithelial cells]. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2008;37:333-9 pubmed
    ..CP can regulate MCP-1 production, which may be associated with its effects on lung inflammation. ..
  37. Barrientos R, Clerigo M, Paano A. Extraction, isolation and MALDI-QTOF MS/MS analysis of ?-d-Glucan from the fruiting bodies of Daedalea quercina. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;93:226-234 pubmed publisher
    ..6×104Da, consistent with glucans derived from the order Polyporaceae. MALDI-QTOF MS/MS was carried out to identify the linkage and connectivity of the glucose units...
  38. Mougin C, Boyer F, Caminade E, Rama R. Cleavage of the diketonitrile derivative of the herbicide isoxaflutole by extracellular fungal oxidases. J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48:4529-34 pubmed
    ..Purified laccase (EC 1. 10.3.2), in the presence of 2 mM 2, 2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) acting as a redox mediator at pH 3 supports the reaction with rates of 0.3-0.4 nmol h(-)(1) unit(-)(1). ..
  39. Karlsson S, Holmbom B, Spetz P, Mustranta A, Buchert J. Reactivity of Trametes laccases with fatty and resin acids. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001;55:317-20 pubmed
    ..In the case of fatty acids, a decrease in the amount of linoleic, oleic and pinolenic acids was observed, whereas the modification of resin acids resulted in a reduced amount of conjugated resin acids. ..
  40. Cornelius M, Daigle D, Connick W, Parker A, Wunch K. Responses of Coptotermes formosanus and Reticulitermes flavipes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) to three types of wood rot fungi cultured on different substrates. J Econ Entomol. 2002;95:121-8 pubmed
    ..Because chemicals in the fungal extracts caused termites to tunnel further into treated sand than untreated sand, these chemicals could potentially be used to direct termite foraging toward bait stations in the field. ..
  41. Dai Y. [Rare and threathened polypores in the ecosystem of Changbaishan Nature Reserve of northeastern China]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2003;14:1015-8 pubmed
    ..Because most of polypores live on the substrate of fallen trunks and rotten wood, it is very important to keep such substrate in the ecosystem. ..
  42. Asma D, Kahraman S, Cing S, Yesilada O. Adsorptive removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions by dead fungal biomass. J Basic Microbiol. 2006;46:3-9 pubmed
    ..2 g > 0.1 g. The highest removal was obtained at 150-200 rpm. Slightly lower removing activities were found at lower agitation rates. This study showed that it was possible to remove textile dyes by dead biomass of P. chrysosporium . ..
  43. Covino S, Svobodová K, Cvancarová M, D Annibale A, Petruccioli M, Federici F, et al. Inoculum carrier and contaminant bioavailability affect fungal degradation performances of PAH-contaminated solid matrices from a wood preservation plant. Chemosphere. 2010;79:855-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Although CTS and HCS considerably differed in their physico-chemical properties, PAH contents and contaminant aging, the relationship between degradation and bioavailability was not significantly affected by the type of matrix. ..
  44. Yen I, Lee S, Lin K, Lai F, Kuo M, Chang W. In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Structural Characterization of Ubiquinones from Antrodia cinnamomea Mycelium. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..and 4-acetylantrocamol LT3, were isolated along with six known ubiquinones from Antrodia cinnamomea (Polyporaceae) mycelium...
  45. Kelley S, Jellison J, Goodell B. Use of NIR and pyrolysis-MBMS coupled with multivariate analysis for detecting the chemical changes associated with brown-rot biodegradation of spruce wood. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002;209:107-11 pubmed
    ..trabeum-infected wood. These techniques may be used to detect different types of biodegradation and to develop a better understanding of the chemical changes that the wood undergoes when it is subjected to brown-rot biodegradation. ..
  46. Wang G, Lin W, Zhao R, Lin N. [Effects of six polysaccharides extracted from plants on the immunological cells of mice]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2008;37:577-80 pubmed
    ..The polysaccharide aiming at different effect targets could be combined into the most immunopotentiating agent by the most appropriate doses ratio. ..
  47. Varela E, Mester T, Tien M. Culture conditions affecting biodegradation components of the brown-rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum. Arch Microbiol. 2003;180:251-6 pubmed
    ..Cultures grown in this medium also yielded the highest rate of hydroxylation of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, yielding protocatechuic acid, a product of hydroxyl radical attack. ..
  48. Kulys J, Krikstopaitis K, Ziemys A. Kinetics and thermodynamics of peroxidase- and laccase-catalyzed oxidation of N-substituted phenothiazines and phenoxazines. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2000;5:333-40 pubmed
    ..6 x 10(8)M(-1)s(-1) and a reorganization energy of 0.30 eV. The respective parameters for laccase were 5.0 x 10(7) M(-1) s(-1) and 0.29 eV. ..
  49. Wu X, Yang J, Yan M. Four new triterpenes from fungus of Fomes officinalis. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2009;57:195-7 pubmed
  50. Shah V, Dobiásová P, Baldrian P, Nerud F, Kumar A, Seal S. Influence of iron and copper nanoparticle powder on the production of lignocellulose degrading enzymes in the fungus Trametes versicolor. J Hazard Mater. 2010;178:1141-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The difference in the production profile was not growth related as no significant difference was recorded for either form of iron and copper on the growth of T. versicolor. ..
  51. Banik M, Lindner D, Ota Y, Hattori T. Relationships among North American and Japanese Laetiporus isolates inferred from molecular phylogenetics and single-spore incompatibility reactions. Mycologia. 2010;102:911-7 pubmed
    ..cremeiporus and L. montanus) and one has been epitypified (L. versisporus). The single-spore incompatibility and ITS data support recognition of the three Japanese taxa as distinct biological and evolutionary species. ..
  52. Cho K, Kim Y, Jung W, Kim T. Effect of Gui-zhi-fu-ling-wan on hot flashes in young patients: a retrospective case series. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2011;4:129-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Only 2.7% of the patients reported adverse events. Our findings suggest that Gui-zhi-fu-ling-wan improves hot flashes in young patients in a relatively safe manner. However, rigorous clinical studies are needed to confirm these results...
  53. Gao J, Hu L, Dong Z, Liu J. New glycosphingolipid containing an unusual sphingoid base from the basidiomycete Polyporus ellisii. Lipids. 2001;36:521-7 pubmed
  54. Matsui K, Kodama N, Nanba H. Effects of maitake (Grifola frondosa) D-Fraction on the carcinoma angiogenesis. Cancer Lett. 2001;172:193-8 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the anti-tumor activity of the D-Fraction is not only associated with the activation of the immuno-competent cells but also possibly related to the carcinoma angiogenesis induction. ..
  55. Gao J, Min B, Ahn E, Nakamura N, Lee H, Hattori M. New triterpene aldehydes, lucialdehydes A-C, from Ganoderma lucidum and their cytotoxicity against murine and human tumor cells. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:837-40 pubmed
    ..Of the compounds, lucialdehyde C (3) exhibited the most potent cytotoxicity against LLC, T-47D, Sarcoma 180, and Meth-A tumor cells with ED(50) values of 10.7, 4.7, 7.1, and 3.8 microg/ml, respectively. ..
  56. Park Y, Kim I, Park H, Choi J, Park K, Lee J, et al. Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of the methanol extract of Fomes fomentarius. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1588-93 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive properties of the methanol extract of MEFF may result from the inhibition of iNOS and COX-2 expression through the down-regulation of NF-kappaB binding activity. ..
  57. Wang X, Luo Y, Guo Z, Cao D, Zhou M, Zhao Y, et al. [Study on the chemical constituents of Phellinus lonicerinus]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2011;34:891-3 pubmed
    ..All compounds are isolated from Phellinus lonicerinus for the first time and compound 4 isa new natural product. ..
  58. Zheng L, Zheng P, Sun Z, Bai Y, Wang J, Guo X. Production of vanillin from waste residue of rice bran oil by Aspergillus niger and Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:1115-9 pubmed
    ..The 13C isotope analysis indicated that delta13C(PDB) of vanillin prepared was much different from chemically synthesized vanillin. ..
  59. Revankar M, Desai K, Lele S. Solid-state fermentation for enhanced production of laccase using indigenously isolated Ganoderma sp. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2007;143:16-26 pubmed
    ..Thus, the indigenous isolate seems to be a potential laccase producer using SSF. The process also promises economic utilization and value addition of agro-residues. ..
  60. Freitas A, Ferreira F, Costa A, Pereira R, Antunes S, Goncalves F, et al. Biological treatment of the effluent from a bleached kraft pulp mill using basidiomycete and zygomycete fungi. Sci Total Environ. 2009;407:3282-9 pubmed publisher
    ..EC(50-5 min) values ranging between 28 and 57% (effluent concentrations) were recorded even after 10 to 13 days of treatment with P. chrysosporium, R. oryzae or with T. versicolor. ..
  61. Johnathan M, Gan S, Ezumi M, Faezahtul A, Nurul A. Phytochemical profiles and inhibitory effects of Tiger Milk mushroom (Lignosus rhinocerus) extract on ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation in a rodent model of asthma. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016;16:167 pubmed publisher
    ..L. rhinocerus hot water extract has the potential to be used as an alternative for the treatment of acute asthma. ..
  62. Zhu Z, Ma H. [Separation and regeneration of protoplast from Phellinus igniarius]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007;32:2232-5 pubmed
    ..The method and conditions to keep both higher yield and regeneration ratio of P. igniarius protoplast were obtained. ..
  63. Lee I, Yun B, Cho S, Kim W, Kim J, Ryoo I, et al. Betulinans A and B, two benzoquinone compounds from Lenzites betulina. J Nat Prod. 1996;59:1090-2 pubmed
    ..Betulinans A and B inhibited lipid peroxidation with IC50 values of 0.46 and 2.88 micrograms/mL, respectively. ..
  64. Shiono Y, Tamesada Y, Muravayev Y, Murayama T, Ikeda M. N-Phenethylhexadecanamide from the edible mushroom Laetiporus sulphureus. Nat Prod Res. 2005;19:363-6 pubmed
    ..N-Phenethylhexadecanamide was isolated from the MeOH extract of the fruiting bodies of the mushroom Laetiporus sulphureus together with eburicoic acid. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. ..
  65. Babic J, Pavko A. Enhanced enzyme production with the pelleted form of D. squalens in laboratory bioreactors using added natural lignin inducer. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;39:449-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The enzyme activities were high and comparable with the activities found for other investigations in reactors with basidiomycetes in the form of pellets. ..
  66. Palmieri G, Giardina P, Marzullo L, Desiderio B, Nitti G, Cannio R, et al. Stability and activity of a phenol oxidase from the ligninolytic fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1993;39:632-6 pubmed
    ..These data can be used for applying bioreactors to problems of environmental concern such as waste-water treatment. ..
  67. Ko K, Jung H. Three nonorthologous ITS1 types are present in a polypore fungus Trichaptum abietinum. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2002;23:112-22 pubmed
    ..However, Type III was amplified only in three T. abietinum strains collected from Korea, indicating that a new local geographic subtype has arisen in Korean strains. ..
  68. Bernard O, Bastin G. On the estimation of the pseudo-stoichiometric matrix for macroscopic mass balance modelling of biotechnological processes. Math Biosci. 2005;193:51-77 pubmed
  69. Guo H, Si J, Li Z, Feng T, Dong Z, Dai Y, et al. Two new triterpenoids from the fungus Perenniporia maackiae. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2013;15:253-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, and MS analyses. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities on five tumor cell lines. ..
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