arthrodermataceae

Summary

Summary: A family of ascomycetous fungi, order Onygenales, characterized by smooth ascospores. Genera in the family include Arthroderma, Keratinomyces, and Ctenomyces. Several well-known anamorphic forms are parasitic upon the skin.

Top Publications

  1. Burmester A, Shelest E, Glockner G, Heddergott C, Schindler S, Staib P, et al. Comparative and functional genomics provide insights into the pathogenicity of dermatophytic fungi. Genome Biol. 2011;12:R7 pubmed publisher
  2. Wang L, Ma L, Leng W, Liu T, Yu L, Yang J, et al. Analysis of the dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum expressed sequence tags. BMC Genomics. 2006;7:255 pubmed
    ..It is therefore necessary to identify genes whose expression is relevant to growth, metabolism and virulence of T. rubrum...
  3. Erhard M, Hipler U, Burmester A, Brakhage A, Wöstemeyer J. Identification of dermatophyte species causing onychomycosis and tinea pedis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Exp Dermatol. 2008;17:356-61 pubmed
    ..Costs for consumables as well as preparation time are considerably lower than for PCR analysis...
  4. Martinez Rossi N, Peres N, Rossi A. Antifungal resistance mechanisms in dermatophytes. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:369-83 pubmed publisher
  5. Gräser Y, Scott J, Summerbell R. The new species concept in dermatophytes-a polyphasic approach. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:239-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular data require some reinterpretation of results seen in conventional phenotypic tests, but in most cases, phylogenetic insight is readily integrated with current laboratory testing procedures...
  6. Pinto E, Queiroz M, Vale Silva L, Oliveira J, Begouin A, Begouin J, et al. Antifungal activity of synthetic di(hetero)arylamines based on the benzo[b]thiophene moiety. Bioorg Med Chem. 2008;16:8172-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the spectrum of activity in the pyridine derivatives was broadened by the absence of the ester group on position 2 of the benzo[b]thiophene system...
  7. Zaugg C, Monod M, Weber J, Harshman K, Pradervand S, Thomas J, et al. Gene expression profiling in the human pathogenic dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum during growth on proteins. Eukaryot Cell. 2009;8:241-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This broad-scale transcriptional analysis of dermatophytes during growth on proteins reveals new putative pathogenicity-related host adaptation mechanisms of these human pathogenic fungi...
  8. Staib P, Zaugg C, Mignon B, Weber J, Grumbt M, Pradervand S, et al. Differential gene expression in the pathogenic dermatophyte Arthroderma benhamiae in vitro versus during infection. Microbiology. 2010;156:884-95 pubmed publisher
  9. Achterman R, Smith A, Oliver B, White T. Sequenced dermatophyte strains: growth rate, conidiation, drug susceptibilities, and virulence in an invertebrate model. Fungal Genet Biol. 2011;48:335-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These results increase our understanding of the microbiology and molecular biology of these dermatophyte strains and will be of use in advancing hypothesis-driven research about dermatophytes...
  10. Pinto E, Afonso C, Duarte S, Vale Silva L, Costa E, Sousa E, et al. Antifungal activity of xanthones: evaluation of their effect on ergosterol biosynthesis by high-performance liquid chromatography. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2011;77:212-22 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, 1,2-dihydroxyxanthone was found to be the most active compound against all strains tested, showing its effect on sterol biosynthesis by reducing the amount of ergosterol detected...

Detail Information

Publications109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Burmester A, Shelest E, Glockner G, Heddergott C, Schindler S, Staib P, et al. Comparative and functional genomics provide insights into the pathogenicity of dermatophytic fungi. Genome Biol. 2011;12:R7 pubmed publisher
  2. Wang L, Ma L, Leng W, Liu T, Yu L, Yang J, et al. Analysis of the dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum expressed sequence tags. BMC Genomics. 2006;7:255 pubmed
    ..It is therefore necessary to identify genes whose expression is relevant to growth, metabolism and virulence of T. rubrum...
  3. Erhard M, Hipler U, Burmester A, Brakhage A, Wöstemeyer J. Identification of dermatophyte species causing onychomycosis and tinea pedis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Exp Dermatol. 2008;17:356-61 pubmed
    ..Costs for consumables as well as preparation time are considerably lower than for PCR analysis...
  4. Martinez Rossi N, Peres N, Rossi A. Antifungal resistance mechanisms in dermatophytes. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:369-83 pubmed publisher
  5. Gräser Y, Scott J, Summerbell R. The new species concept in dermatophytes-a polyphasic approach. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:239-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular data require some reinterpretation of results seen in conventional phenotypic tests, but in most cases, phylogenetic insight is readily integrated with current laboratory testing procedures...
  6. Pinto E, Queiroz M, Vale Silva L, Oliveira J, Begouin A, Begouin J, et al. Antifungal activity of synthetic di(hetero)arylamines based on the benzo[b]thiophene moiety. Bioorg Med Chem. 2008;16:8172-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the spectrum of activity in the pyridine derivatives was broadened by the absence of the ester group on position 2 of the benzo[b]thiophene system...
  7. Zaugg C, Monod M, Weber J, Harshman K, Pradervand S, Thomas J, et al. Gene expression profiling in the human pathogenic dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum during growth on proteins. Eukaryot Cell. 2009;8:241-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This broad-scale transcriptional analysis of dermatophytes during growth on proteins reveals new putative pathogenicity-related host adaptation mechanisms of these human pathogenic fungi...
  8. Staib P, Zaugg C, Mignon B, Weber J, Grumbt M, Pradervand S, et al. Differential gene expression in the pathogenic dermatophyte Arthroderma benhamiae in vitro versus during infection. Microbiology. 2010;156:884-95 pubmed publisher
  9. Achterman R, Smith A, Oliver B, White T. Sequenced dermatophyte strains: growth rate, conidiation, drug susceptibilities, and virulence in an invertebrate model. Fungal Genet Biol. 2011;48:335-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These results increase our understanding of the microbiology and molecular biology of these dermatophyte strains and will be of use in advancing hypothesis-driven research about dermatophytes...
  10. Pinto E, Afonso C, Duarte S, Vale Silva L, Costa E, Sousa E, et al. Antifungal activity of xanthones: evaluation of their effect on ergosterol biosynthesis by high-performance liquid chromatography. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2011;77:212-22 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, 1,2-dihydroxyxanthone was found to be the most active compound against all strains tested, showing its effect on sterol biosynthesis by reducing the amount of ergosterol detected...
  11. Kachuei R, Emami M, Naeimi B, Diba K. Isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil in Isfahan province, Iran. J Mycol Med. 2012;22:8-13 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the epidemiology of keratophilic fungi in Isfahan province, Iran...
  12. Fumeaux J, Mock M, Ninet B, Jan I, Bontems O, Léchenne B, et al. First report of Arthroderma benhamiae in Switzerland. Dermatology. 2004;208:244-50 pubmed
    ..Identification of dermatophytes often remains difficult or uncertain because there are variations from one isolate to another and overlapping characteristics between species...
  13. Anbu P, Hilda A, Gopinath S. Keratinophilic fungi of poultry farm and feather dumping soil in Tamil Nadu, India. Mycopathologia. 2004;158:303-9 pubmed
    ..3%) and Geomyces pannorum (23%). Non-dermatophyte fungi were represented by 28 species belonging to 14 genera and one non-sporulating fungus...
  14. Giddey K, Favre B, Quadroni M, Monod M. Closely related dermatophyte species produce different patterns of secreted proteins. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;267:95-101 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that a switch of habitat could be related to a differential expression of genes encoding homologous secreted proteins...
  15. Robert R, Pihet M. Conventional methods for the diagnosis of dermatophytosis. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:295-306 pubmed publisher
  16. White T, Oliver B, Gräser Y, Henn M. Generating and testing molecular hypotheses in the dermatophytes. Eukaryot Cell. 2008;7:1238-45 pubmed publisher
  17. Drouot S, Mignon B, Fratti M, Roosje P, Monod M. Pets as the main source of two zoonotic species of the Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex in Switzerland, Arthroderma vanbreuseghemii and Arthroderma benhamiae. Vet Dermatol. 2009;20:13-8 pubmed publisher
    ..canis. Therefore, it can be suspected that infection with A. vanbreuseghemii occurred during hunting and that the natural source of this dermatophyte is either soil or an animal other than the cat, most probably a rodent...
  18. Symoens F, Jousson O, Planard C, Fratti M, Staib P, Mignon B, et al. Molecular analysis and mating behaviour of the Trichophyton mentagrophytes species complex. Int J Med Microbiol. 2011;301:260-6 pubmed publisher
    ..vanbreuseghemii tester strains, but had lost their ability to give fertile cleistothecia. Therefore, T. interdigitale has to be considered as a humanized species derived from the sexual relative A. vanbreuseghemii...
  19. Sriranganadane D, Waridel P, Salamin K, Feuermann M, Mignon B, Staib P, et al. Identification of novel secreted proteases during extracellular proteolysis by dermatophytes at acidic pH. Proteomics. 2011;11:4422-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings also suggest the existence of different pathways of protein degradation into amino acids and short peptides in these highly specialized pathogenic fungi...
  20. Wallwey C, Heddergott C, Xie X, Brakhage A, Li S. Genome mining reveals the presence of a conserved gene cluster for the biosynthesis of ergot alkaloid precursors in the fungal family Arthrodermataceae. Microbiology. 2012;158:1634-44 pubmed publisher
    Genome sequence analysis of different fungi of the family Arthrodermataceae revealed the presence of a gene cluster consisting of five genes with high sequence similarity to those involved in the early common steps of ergot alkaloid ..
  21. Zhang H, Rokas A, Slot J. Two different secondary metabolism gene clusters occupied the same ancestral locus in fungal dermatophytes of the arthrodermataceae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41903 pubmed publisher
    Dermatophyte fungi of the family Arthrodermataceae (Eurotiomycetes) colonize keratinized tissue, such as skin, frequently causing superficial mycoses in humans and other mammals, reptiles, and birds...
  22. Kanbe T, Suzuki Y, Kamiya A, Mochizuki T, Fujihiro M, Kikuchi A. PCR-based identification of common dermatophyte species using primer sets specific for the DNA topoisomerase II genes. J Dermatol Sci. 2003;32:151-61 pubmed
    ..We have determined nucleotide sequences of the DNA topoisomerase II genes of the dermatophyte species, and conducted a PCR-based identification system using species-specific primers for the nucleotide sequences...
  23. Oyeka C, Okoli I. Isolation of dermatophytes and non-dermatophytic fungi from soil in Nigeria. Mycoses. 2003;46:336-8 pubmed
    ..The 61 samples were investigated for the occurrence of dermatophytic and non-dermatophytic fungi, using the hair-bait technique and agar dilution procedure. The medical importance of the isolates in the samples is discussed...
  24. Pounder J, Williams S, Hansen D, Healy M, Reece K, Woods G. Repetitive-sequence-PCR-based DNA fingerprinting using the Diversilab system for identification of commonly encountered dermatophytes. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2141-7 pubmed
    ..canis-was excellent. Moreover, the DiversiLab system is technically simple and provides results in < 24 h once a pure culture is available for testing, which is considerably more rapid than conventional identification tests...
  25. Jain N, Sharma M. Distribution of dermatophytes and other related fungi in Jaipur city, with particular reference to soil pH. Mycoses. 2011;54:52-8 pubmed publisher
    ..5 to 8.5. Only one isolate of Fusarium moniliforme was reported from a highly acidic site at pH 3. Roadside and garden soils were found to be the most suitable sites for almost all keratinophilic fungi...
  26. Anzawa K, Kawasaki M, Mochizuki T, Ishizaki H. Successful mating of Trichophyton rubrum with Arthroderma simii. Med Mycol. 2010;48:629-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Hybrids were observed within the genotypes of four different genes, i.e., rRNA, actin, DNA topoisomerase II and cytochrome b. These results strongly suggest that T. rubrum is not an asexual or clonal species...
  27. Papini R, Mancianti F, Grassotti G, Cardini G. Survey of keratinophilic fungi isolated from city park soils of Pisa, Italy. Mycopathologia. 1998;143:17-23 pubmed
    ..terrestre (8%), M. fulvum, Ch. luteum, Ch. indicum (5% each) and M. cookei (2%). The presence of the different species is discussed in relation to the risk of fungal skin infections...
  28. Graser Y, El Fari M, Vilgalys R, Kuijpers A, de Hoog G, Presber W, et al. Phylogeny and taxonomy of the family Arthrodermataceae (dermatophytes) using sequence analysis of the ribosomal ITS region. Med Mycol. 1999;37:105-14 pubmed
    ..8S ribosomal DNA was used to evaluate phylogenetic relationships within the fungal family Arthrodermataceae. Sequences of variable length, ranging between 522 and 684 base pairs were aligned...
  29. Kac G. Molecular approaches to the study of dermatophytes. Med Mycol. 2000;38:329-36 pubmed
    ..In contrast, in all but a few cases distinction between dermatophyte strains has failed, which has hindered the development of molecular-based epidemiological investigations...
  30. Makimura K, Tamura Y, Mochizuki T, Hasegawa A, Tajiri Y, Hanazawa R, et al. Phylogenetic classification and species identification of dermatophyte strains based on DNA sequences of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 regions. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:920-4 pubmed
    ..The ITS1 sequences of 11 clinical isolates were also determined to identify the species, and all strains were successfully identified by comparison of their base sequences with those in the ITS1 DNA sequence database...
  31. Summerbell R, Haugland R, Li A, Gupta A. rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2 sequences of asexual, anthropophilic dermatophytes related to Trichophyton rubrum. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:4005-11 pubmed
    ..equinum by only 1 bp, while the ITS sequence of the recently described species T. krajdenii had a sequence identical to that of T. mentagrophytes isolates related to the teleomorph Arthroderma vanbreuseghemii...
  32. Pujol I, Capilla J, Fernandez Torres B, Ortoneda M, Guarro J. Use of the sensititre colorimetric microdilution panel for antifungal susceptibility testing of dermatophytes. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:2618-21 pubmed
    ..The levels of agreement between the two methods (<or=2 dilutions) were 81.6% with amphotericin B, 87.7% with itraconazole, 67.3% with fluconazole, and 69.4% with ketoconazole...
  33. Hainer B. Dermatophyte infections. Am Fam Physician. 2003;67:101-8 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of onychomycosis should be confirmed by KOH microscopy, culture, or histologic examination before therapy is initiated, because of the expense, duration, and potential adverse effects of treatment...
  34. Kano R, Hirai A, Hasegawa A. Chitin synthase 1 gene of Arthroderma benhamiae isolates in Japan. Mycoses. 2002;45:277-81 pubmed
    ..benhamiae were included in the same cluster, and that the African race of A. benhamiae formed a cluster that was distinct from the Americano-European race of A. benhamiae, A. simii and A. vanbreuseghemii...
  35. Takahashi Y, Sano A, Takizawa K, Fukushima K, Miyaji M, Nishimura K. The epidemiology and mating behavior of Arthroderma benhamiae var. erinacei in household four-toed hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris) in Japan. Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi. 2003;44:31-8 pubmed
    ..These results show that A. benhamiae var. erinacei, the teleomorph of T. mentagrophytes var. erinacei, belongs to a different mating group (e.g. hedgehog race) than the Americano-European and African races in A. benhamiae...
  36. Hirai A, Kano R, Nakamura Y, Watanabe S, Hasegawa A. Molecular taxonomy of dermatophytes and related fungi by chitin synthase 1 (CHS1) gene sequences. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:11-20 pubmed
    ..The molecular taxonomy of the CHS1 gene sequences revealed that Microsporum was genetically distinct from Chrysosporium and Trichophyton, as classified by morphological characteristics...
  37. Arabatzis M, Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet L, Kuijper E, de Hoog G, Lavrijsen A, Templeton K, et al. Diagnosis of common dermatophyte infections by a novel multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction detection/identification scheme. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157:681-9 pubmed
    ..This highly sensitive assay also proved to have high positive and negative predictive values (95.7% and 100%), facilitating the accurate, rapid diagnosis conducive to targeted rather than empirical therapy for dermatophytoses. ..
  38. Chi C, Wang S, Chou M. The causative pathogens of onychomycosis in southern Taiwan. Mycoses. 2005;48:413-20 pubmed
    ..In contrast to temperate western countries, NDO is more prevalent in the tropics and subtropics including southern Taiwan. ..
  39. L Ollivier C, Cassagne C, Normand A, Bouchara J, Contet Audonneau N, Hendrickx M, et al. A MALDI-TOF MS procedure for clinical dermatophyte species identification in the routine laboratory. Med Mycol. 2013;51:713-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this standardized MALDI-TOF MS-based identification procedure for filamentous fungi effectively identifies clinical dermatophyte isolates and drastically reduces the response times in the routine clinical laboratory. ..
  40. Alshahni M, Shimizu K, Yoshimoto M, Yamada T, Nishiyama Y, Arai T, et al. Genetic and Phenotypic analyses of Calcineurin A subunit in Arthroderma vanbreuseghemii. Med Mycol. 2016;54:207-18 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, calcineurin A is a multifunctional gene that is involved in the regulation of several biological processes and therefore is worth being considered as a drug target for treatment of dermatophytoses. ..
  41. Yang G, Zhang M, Li W, An L. Direct species identification of common pathogenic dermatophyte fungi in clinical specimens by semi-nested PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism. Mycopathologia. 2008;166:203-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The coincidence was 100.0%. snPCR-RFLP analysis of intergenic spacer regions of ribosomal DNA is a valuable method of exactness and clarity for species identification of common dermatophyte fungi from clinical specimens. ..
  42. von Laer Tschudin L, Laffitte E, Baudraz Rosselet F, Dushi G, Hohlfeld J, De Buys Roessingh A. Tinea capitis: no incision nor excision. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42:E33-6 pubmed
  43. Shiraki Y, Ishibashi Y, Hiruma M, Nishikawa A, Ikeda S. Cytokine secretion profiles of human keratinocytes during Trichophyton tonsurans and Arthroderma benhamiae infections. J Med Microbiol. 2006;55:1175-85 pubmed
    ..tonsurans infection may result in a minimal inflammatory response in the skin. These cytokine profiles may aid in proving the clinical features of dermatophytosis. ..
  44. Aghamirian M, Ghiasian S. Dermatophytoses in outpatients attending the Dermatology Center of Avicenna Hospital in Qazvin, Iran. Mycoses. 2008;51:155-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The frequency of tinea was higher in males and tinea cruris showed a remarkably increasing tendency and was an important public health issue in Qazvin. ..
  45. Zuzarte M, Vale Silva L, Gonçalves M, Cavaleiro C, Vaz S, Canhoto J, et al. Antifungal activity of phenolic-rich Lavandula multifida L. essential oil. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;31:1359-66 pubmed publisher
    ..L. multifida essential oil may be useful in complementary therapy to treat disseminated candidosis, since the inhibition of filamentation alone appears to be sufficient to treat this type of infection...
  46. Faure Cognet O, Fricker Hidalgo H, Pelloux H, Leccia M. Superficial Fungal Infections in a French Teaching Hospital in Grenoble Area: Retrospective Study on 5470 Samples from 2001 to 2011. Mycopathologia. 2016;181:59-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Trichophyton rubrum was the most commonly (78.6 %) isolated dermatophyte. Among zoophilic dermatophytes, Trichophyton verrucosum and Microsporum persicolor were regularly isolated. ..
  47. Brasch J. Pathogenesis of tinea. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2010;8:780-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Dermatophytes that penetrate into the dermis can cause granulomatous inflammatory reactions and systemic immune reactions are supposed to be a trigger of so-called id reactions...
  48. Grumbt M, Monod M, Yamada T, Hertweck C, Kunert J, Staib P. Keratin degradation by dermatophytes relies on cysteine dioxygenase and a sulfite efflux pump. J Invest Dermatol. 2013;133:1550-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These in vitro findings have implications for dermatophyte infection pathogenesis. ..
  49. Dobrowolska A, Debska J, Kozłowska M, Staczek P. Strains differentiation of Microsporum canis by RAPD analysis using (GACA)4 and (ACA)5 primers. Pol J Microbiol. 2011;60:145-8 pubmed
    ..floccosum (CBS 970.95). The genomic DNAs of the strains were used as a template in RAPD reaction. No differentiation was observed for the analyzed M. canis strains using (GACA)4 and (ACA)5 typing. ..
  50. Chapman J, Daniel C, Daniel J, Daniel M, Sullivan S, Howell D, et al. Tinea capitis caused by dermatophytes: a 15-year retrospective study from a Mississippi Dermatology Clinic. Cutis. 2011;88:230-3 pubmed
    ..In addition to a review of findings, we examine the impact of a cultural diagnosis of dermatophyte infection on the treatment and prevention of this highly contagious infection. ..
  51. Ghannoum M, Chaturvedi V, Diekema D, Ostrosky Zeichner L, Rennie R, Walsh T, et al. Multilaboratory Evaluation of In Vitro Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Dermatophytes for ME1111. J Clin Microbiol. 2016;54:662-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The MIC endpoint should be 80% inhibition compared with the growth control. T. rubrum ATCC MYA-4438 and T. mentagrophytes ATCC 28185 were selected as QC isolates, with an acceptable range of 0.12 to 1 μg/ml for the two strains. ..
  52. Leal P, Mascarello A, Derita M, Zuljan F, Nunes R, Zacchino S, et al. Relation between lipophilicity of alkyl gallates and antifungal activity against yeasts and filamentous fungi. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009;19:1793-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that these compounds have a further mode of action besides their hydrophobicity, possibly the inhibition of some enzyme involved in ergosterol biosynthesis. ..
  53. Cabral C, Gonçalves M, Cavaleiro C, Sales F, Boyom F, Salgueiro L. Composition and anti-fungal activity of the essential oil from Cameroonian Vitex rivularis Gürke. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1478-84 pubmed publisher
    ..32 to 2.5 microL mL(-1), respectively. For some strains, MIC values were similar to MLC values, indicating the fungicidal activity of the oils. Nevertheless, these oils showed low activity against Candida spp. strains. ..
  54. Lopez Martinez R, Manzano Gayosso P, Hernandez Hernandez F, Bazán Mora E, Méndez Tovar L. Dynamics of dermatophytosis frequency in Mexico: an analysis of 2084 cases. Med Mycol. 2010;48:476-9 pubmed publisher
    ..5%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (1.3%). The most frequent clinical form of dermatophytosis was tinea unguium (59.9%), followed by tinea pedis (24.5%). We demonstrate that the number of cases of T. rubrum is increasing in Mexico. ..
  55. Agüero M, Gonzalez M, Lima B, Svetaz L, Sánchez M, Zacchino S, et al. Argentinean propolis from Zuccagnia punctata Cav. (Caesalpinieae) exudates: phytochemical characterization and antifungal activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:194-201 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first study matching the chemical profile of Z. punctata Cav. exudates with their corresponding propolis, giving strong evidence on the botanical origin of the studied propolis. ..
  56. del Boz J, Crespo V, Rivas Ruiz F, de Troya M. Tinea incognito in children: 54 cases. Mycoses. 2011;54:254-8 pubmed publisher
    ..4%). This is the largest case series of childhood TI reported to date. TI has increased over recent years and important differences were found between these TI and the other tineas in children over the same period...
  57. Choi S, Sung J, Kim J, Lee D, Lee J, Lee E, et al. In vitro antifungal activity of membrane-active peptides against dermatophytes and yeasts using broth microdilution method. J Dermatol Sci. 2004;35:64-7 pubmed
  58. Côbo E, Silva J, Cota U, Machado J, Castellano L. Evaluation of a modified microscopic direct diagnosis of dermatophytosis. J Microbiol Methods. 2010;81:205-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Although culture constitutes the gold-standard diagnosis, the time spent for results is a limit. Fast and low-cost techniques are important for infection screening in underdeveloped countries. ..
  59. Bao Y, Wan Z, Li R. In vitro antifungal activity of micafungin and caspofungin against dermatophytes isolated from China. Mycopathologia. 2013;175:141-5 pubmed publisher
    ..gypseum, E. floccosum and T. verrucosum were 0.5 ?g/mL. (3) Compared with caspofungin, micafungin demonstrated lower MEC value to dermatophytes (P < 0.05). Micafungin has stronger in vitro antifungal activity than caspofungin. ..
  60. Lamb F, Ottonelli Stopiglia C, Vetoratto G, Goldani J, Scroferneker M. Frequency of onychomycoses in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2013;21:19-23 pubmed
    ..The duration of hemodialysis treatment and sex were not associated with the development of onychomycosis. In conclusion, in hemodialysis patients, the frequency of onychomycosis was higher in those at advanced age and with diabetes. ..
  61. Dhib I, Fathallah A, Yaacoub A, Hadj Slama F, Said M, Zemni R. Multiplex PCR assay for the detection of common dermatophyte nail infections. Mycoses. 2014;57:19-26 pubmed publisher
    ..It is much adapted to cases where culture is negative or contaminated by overgrowing moulds, which makes the identification of the causal agent problematic. ..
  62. Cheikhrouhou F, Makni F, Sellami H, Besbes M, Ayadi A. Presence of dermatophytes on the nails of tinea capitis patients. Prospective study in the area of Sfax (Tunisia). Mycoses. 2003;46:334-5 pubmed
    ..Dermatophyte colonization of the nails in tinea patients could be a factor of tinea capitis transmission and could explain some recurrent tinea capitis cases and therapy resistance. ..
  63. Hoss D, Berke A, Kerr P, Grant Kels J, Murphy M. Prominent papillary dermal edema in dermatophytosis (tinea corporis). J Cutan Pathol. 2010;37:237-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study lends support for the routine use of PAS stains in biopsies of inflammatory dermatoses. ..
  64. Coloe S, Baird R. Dermatophyte infections in Melbourne: Trends from 1961/64 to 2008/09. Australas J Dermatol. 2010;51:258-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Significant shifts are occurring in dermatophyte epidemiology. ..
  65. López M, Grilli D, Degarbo S, Arenas G, Telechea A. [Frequency of dermatophytes in a sample of cats in the urban area of Gran Mendoza, Argentina]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2012;29:238-40 pubmed publisher
    ..canis was isolated in 83.3% cases. The frequency of isolation of zoonotic dermatophytes in the sample of cats in an urban area of the Gran Mendoza region was 13.3%, a value higher than expected. M. canis was the most isolated species. ..
  66. Martinez D, Oliver B, Gräser Y, Goldberg J, Li W, Martinez Rossi N, et al. Comparative genome analysis of Trichophyton rubrum and related dermatophytes reveals candidate genes involved in infection. MBio. 2012;3:e00259-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These genome analyses identify gene families that are important to our understanding of how dermatophytes cause chronic infections, how they interact with epithelial cells, and how they respond to the host immune response. ..
  67. Wang S, Chi C. Onychomycosis in Taiwan. Int J Clin Pract. 2005;59:906-11 pubmed
    ..Clinicians should appreciate that the pathogens of onychomycosis may vary in different patient groups and geographical locations, and choose optimal antifungal agents accordingly...
  68. Suvire F, Sortino M, Kouznetsov V, Vargas M L, Zacchino S, Cruz U, et al. Structure-activity relationship study of homoallylamines and related derivatives acting as antifungal agents. Bioorg Med Chem. 2006;14:1851-62 pubmed
    ..Theoretical calculations allow us to determine the minimal structural requirements to produce the antifungal response and can provide a guide for the design of compounds with these properties. ..
  69. Campbell C, Borman A, Linton C, Bridge P, Johnson E. Arthroderma olidum, sp. nov. A new addition to the Trichophyton terrestre complex. Med Mycol. 2006;44:451-9 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, using ribosomal RNA gene sequencing, we show that the asexual form of A. olidum is conspecific with the recently described Trichophyton eboreum1 isolated from a human skin specimen in Germany. ..
  70. Asticcioli S, Di Silverio A, Sacco L, Fusi I, Vincenti L, Romero E. Dermatophyte infections in patients attending a tertiary care hospital in northern Italy. New Microbiol. 2008;31:543-8 pubmed
    ..Zoophilic dermatophytes were most commonly recovered from children and adolescents with tinea capitis and tinea corporis. Anthropophilic species were identified mostly in adults with tinea pedis, tinea cruris and onychomycosis. ..
  71. Yenisehirli G, Tunçoglu E, Yenisehirli A, Bulut Y. In vitro activities of antifungal drugs against dermatophytes isolated in Tokat, Turkey. Int J Dermatol. 2013;52:1557-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Griseofulvin was the less active antifungal drug against T. mentagrophytes isolates. Performing antifungal susceptibility testing is especially important for screening the development of antifungal resistance. ..
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    ..Educational health programs, appropriate treatment, and management of disease may provide to control of the spread of fungal organisms...
  74. Carrillo Muñoz A, Cárdenes C, Carrillo Orive B, Rodriguez V, Del Valle O, Casals J, et al. [In vitro antifungal activity of voriconazole against dermatophytes and superficial isolates of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2005;22:110-3 pubmed
    ..However, S. brevicaulis isolates were highly resistant to all azoles used in this study. Voriconazole might be an interesting antifungal alternative to refractory superficial mycoses...
  75. Yim S, Ko J, Lee Y, Kim H, Lee J, Kim N, et al. Study to compare the efficacy and safety of fluconazole cream with flutrimazole cream in the treatment of superficial mycosis: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, phase III trial. Mycoses. 2010;53:522-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the effectiveness and safety of the drug, both fluconazole 0.5% and 1% cream might be said to be optimal concentration in the treatment of superficial dermatomycosis...
  76. Bontems O, Hauser P, Monod M. Evaluation of a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay for dermatophyte and nondermatophyte identification in onychomycosis. Br J Dermatol. 2009;161:791-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The correct identification of the aetiological agent of nail infections is necessary in order to recommend appropriate treatment...
  77. Cafarchia C, Otranto D, Weigl S, Campbell B, Parisi A, Cantacessi C, et al. Molecular characterization of selected dermatophytes and their identification by electrophoretic mutation scanning. Electrophoresis. 2009;30:3555-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Nucleotide sequence data reported in this paper are available in the EMBL, GenBank and DDJB datadases under accession numbers FJ897707-FJ897713 (ITS-1), FJ897714-FJ897720 (ITS-2) and FJ897700-FJ897706 (pchs-1))...
  78. Aghamirian M, Ghiasian S. Dermatophytes as a cause of epizoonoses in dairy cattle and humans in Iran: epidemiological and clinical aspects. Mycoses. 2011;54:e52-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study showed the occurrence of dermatophytosis in humans and cattle and confirms that the dermatozoonoses are responsible for predominant forms of the disease in people who were in contact with cattle...
  79. Mendez Tovar L. Pathogenesis of dermatophytosis and tinea versicolor. Clin Dermatol. 2010;28:185-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Exposure to sunlight stimulates the production of azelaic acid, which causes the appearance of hypopigmented spots. Currently, there is no scientific explanation for hyperpigmented lesions...
  80. Finch J, Arenas R, Baran R. Fungal melanonychia. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012;66:830-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These superficial infections may clinically mimic subungual melanoma and are often not responsive to traditional antifungal therapy. This article reviews the literature on fungal melanonychia and the role of fungal melanin in infection...
  81. De Respinis S, Tonolla M, Pranghofer S, Petrini L, Petrini O, Bosshard P. Identification of dermatophytes by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Med Mycol. 2013;51:514-21 pubmed publisher
    ..8%) strains were correctly identified by MALDI-TOF MS compared to 128/141 (90.8%) by morphology. Therefore, MALDI-TOF MS has proven to be a useful and rapid identification method for dermatophytes...
  82. Mares D, Romagnoli C, Tosi B, Andreotti E, Chillemi G, Poli F. Chicory extracts from Cichorium intybus L. as potential antifungals. Mycopathologia. 2005;160:85-91 pubmed
    ..This behaviour is discussed on the basis of the presence in the chicory extract of the two main sesquiterpene lactones, 8-deoxylactucin and 11 beta,13-dihydrolactucin...
  83. Molina de Diego A. [Clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of dermatophytosis]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2011;29 Suppl 3:33-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The main purpose of this review is to provide a detailed description of the three genera of dermatophytes, with special mention of Epidermophyton floccosum, a object of the SEIMC's mycology quality control (M-2/09)...
  84. Rassai S, Feily A, Sina N, Derakhshanmehr F. Some epidemiological aspects of dermatophyte infections in Southwest Iran. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2011;19:13-5 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, we think that the reason for this phenomenon in our area may change related to seeking healthy behaviors and hygiene in southwest Iran. We propose to do additional and larger epidemiologic studies regarding these variables...
  85. Bellete B, Raberin H, Flori P, El Akssi S, Tran Manh Sung R, Taourirte M, et al. Antifungal effect of the essential oil of Thymus broussonetii Boiss endogenous species of Morocco. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:1692-6 pubmed publisher
    ..All the dermatophytes tested were inhibited by 3?µL (0.00075?mL?mL?¹) of EOT; the latter has the potential to be a good alternative to the conventional antifungal drugs which are usually expensive and with high toxicity...
  86. Pakshir K, Ghiasi M, Zomorodian K, Gharavi A. Isolation and molecular identification of keratinophilic fungi from public parks soil in Shiraz, Iran. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:619576 pubmed publisher
    ..Keratinophilic fungi are an important group of fungi that live in soil. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify keratinophilic fungi from the soil of different parks in Shiraz...
  87. Kano R, Sano A, Makimura K, Watanabe S, Nishimura K, Yamaguchi H, et al. A new genotype of Arthroderma benhamiae. Med Mycol. 2008;46:739-44 pubmed publisher
    ..benhamiae. These results were confirmed by ITS analysis. Therefore, it was proposed that genotypes could be established for the isolates of A. benhamiae in association with the mating behavior...
  88. Zuzarte M, Gonçalves M, Cavaleiro C, Canhoto J, Vale Silva L, Silva M, et al. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of the essential oils of Lavandula viridis L'Her. J Med Microbiol. 2011;60:612-8 pubmed publisher
    ..viridis essential oils may be useful in the clinical treatment of fungal diseases, particularly dermatophytosis and candidosis, although clinical trials are required to evaluate the practical relevance of our in vitro research...
  89. Gupta A, Drummond Main C, Paquet M. Evidence-based optimal fluconazole dosing regimen for onychomycosis treatment. J Dermatolog Treat. 2013;24:75-80 pubmed publisher
    ..By restricting the data to dermatophyte onychomycosis, we aimed to identify an optimal fluconazole dosing regimen...