gibberella

Summary

Summary: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Hypocreaceae, order Hypocreales including several pathogens of grains and cereals. It is also the source of plant growth regulators such as gibberellin and gibberellic acid.

Top Publications

  1. Oide S, Krasnoff S, Gibson D, Turgeon B. Intracellular siderophores are essential for ascomycete sexual development in heterothallic Cochliobolus heterostrophus and homothallic Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2007;6:1339-53 pubmed
    ..heterostrophus and the unrelated homothallic ascomycete Gibberella zeae was demonstrated. G...
  2. Jurgenson J, Zeller K, Leslie J. Expanded genetic map of Gibberella moniliformis (Fusarium verticillioides). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:1972-9 pubmed
    b>Gibberella moniliformis (Fusarium verticillioides) is primarily a pathogen of maize, but it can also cause disease in other crop species...
  3. Moretti A, Mule G, Ritieni A, Logrieco A. Further data on the production of beauvericin, enniatins and fusaproliferin and toxicity to Artemia salina by Fusarium species of Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;118:158-63 pubmed
    ..Ninety-six fungal isolates belonging to 28 species in the Gibberella fujikuroi complex were studied for the production of beauvericin, enniatins and fusaproliferin in rice cultures...
  4. Geiser D, Ivey M, Hakiza G, Juba J, Miller S. Gibberella xylarioides (anamorph: Fusarium xylarioides), a causative agent of coffee wilt disease in Africa, is a previously unrecognized member of the G. fujikuroi species complex. Mycologia. 2005;97:191-201 pubmed
    ..Coffee wilt historically has been associated with Fusarium xylarioides Steyaert (teleomorph Gibberella xylarioides Heim and Sacc.), a species that has been classified as a member of Fusarium section Lateritium...
  5. Tudzynski B, Homann V, Feng B, Marzluf G. Isolation, characterization and disruption of the areA nitrogen regulatory gene of Gibberella fujikuroi. Mol Gen Genet. 1999;261:106-14 pubmed
    ..chrysogenum and Magnaporthe grisea, respectively, was cloned from the gibberellin (GA)-producing rice pathogen Gibberella fujikuroi...
  6. Park A, Cho A, Seo J, Min K, Son H, Lee J, et al. Functional analyses of regulators of G protein signaling in Gibberella zeae. Fungal Genet Biol. 2012;49:511-20 pubmed publisher
    ..FgRgsA, FgRgsB, FgRgsB2, FgRgsC, and FgGprK) were functionally characterized in the plant pathogenic fungus, Gibberella zeae...
  7. Lee J, Jurgenson J, Leslie J, Bowden R. Alignment of genetic and physical maps of Gibberella zeae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:2349-59 pubmed publisher
    We previously published a genetic map of Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum sensu lato) based on a cross between Kansas strain Z-3639 (lineage 7) and Japanese strain R-5470 (lineage 6)...
  8. Lee J, Leslie J, Bowden R. Expression and function of sex pheromones and receptors in the homothallic ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2008;7:1211-21 pubmed publisher
    ..In the ascomycete Gibberella zeae, the MAT locus is rearranged such that both alleles are adjacent on the same chromosome. Strains of G...
  9. Malonek S, Rojas M, Hedden P, Gaskin P, Hopkins P, Tudzynski B. Functional characterization of two cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes, P450-1 and P450-4, of the gibberellic acid gene cluster in Fusarium proliferatum (Gibberella fujikuroi MP-D). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:1462-72 pubmed
    b>Gibberella fujikuroi is a species complex with at least nine different biological species, termed mating populations (MPs) A to I (MP-A to MP-I), known to produce many different secondary metabolites...

More Information

Publications90

  1. Lee T, Oh D, Kim H, Lee J, Kim Y, Yun S, et al. Identification of deoxynivalenol- and nivalenol-producing chemotypes of Gibberella zeae by using PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:2966-72 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae, a major cause of cereal scab, may be divided into two chemotypes based on production of the trichothecenes deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV)...
  2. Fleissner A, Sopalla C, Weltring K. An ATP-binding cassette multidrug-resistance transporter is necessary for tolerance of Gibberella pulicaris to phytoalexins and virulence on potato tubers. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:102-8 pubmed
    The necrotrophic pathogen Gibberella pulicaris infects potato tubers through wounds that contain fungitoxic secondary metabolites such as the phytoalexins rishitin and lubimin...
  3. Lin Y, Son H, Min K, Lee J, Choi G, Kim J, et al. A putative transcription factor MYT2 regulates perithecium size in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37859 pubmed publisher
    The homothallic ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae is a plant pathogen that is found worldwide, causing Fusarium head blight (FHB) in cereal crops and ear rot of maize. Ascospores formed in fruiting bodies (i.e...
  4. Bömke C, Rojas M, Hedden P, Tudzynski B. Loss of gibberellin production in Fusarium verticillioides (Gibberella fujikuroi MP-A) is due to a deletion in the gibberellic acid gene cluster. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:7790-801 pubmed publisher
    Fusarium verticillioides (Gibberella fujikuroi mating population A [MP-A]) is a widespread pathogen on maize and is well-known for producing fumonisins, mycotoxins that cause severe disease in animals and humans...
  5. Teichert S, Schönig B, Richter S, Tudzynski B. Deletion of the Gibberella fujikuroi glutamine synthetase gene has significant impact on transcriptional control of primary and secondary metabolism. Mol Microbiol. 2004;53:1661-75 pubmed
    In Gibberella fujikuroi, the gibberellin (GA) and bikaverin biosynthesis are under control of nitrogen metabolite repression. However, the signalling components acting upstream of AREA are still unknown...
  6. Stein J, Osborne L, Bondalapati K, Glover K, Nelson C. Fusarium head blight severity and deoxynivalenol concentration in wheat in response to Gibberella zeae inoculum concentration. Phytopathology. 2009;99:759-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Greenhouse-grown spring wheat plants were inoculated at flowering with suspensions that varied in Gibberella zeae macroconidia concentration...
  7. Kimura M, Tokai T, Matsumoto G, Fujimura M, Hamamoto H, Yoneyama K, et al. Trichothecene nonproducer Gibberella species have both functional and nonfunctional 3-O-acetyltransferase genes. Genetics. 2003;163:677-84 pubmed
    ..e., F. oxysporum, F. moniliforme, and Fusarium species IFO 7772) that belong to the teleomorph genus Gibberella. BLASTX analysis of these sequences revealed portions of predicted polypeptides with high similarities to the ..
  8. Malonek S, Rojas M, Hedden P, Gaskin P, Hopkins P, Tudzynski B. The NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase gene from Gibberella fujikuroi is essential for gibberellin biosynthesis. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:25075-84 pubmed
    The fungus Gibberella fujikuroi is used for the commercial production of gibberellins (GAs), which it produces in very large quantities...
  9. Qi W, Kwon C, Trail F. Microarray analysis of transcript accumulation during perithecium development in the filamentous fungus Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum). Mol Genet Genomics. 2006;276:87-100 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum) is the causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat and barley in the United States...
  10. Han Y, Lee T, Han K, Yun S, Lee Y. Functional analysis of the homoserine O-acetyltransferase gene and its identification as a selectable marker in Gibberella zeae. Curr Genet. 2004;46:205-12 pubmed
    We used restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) to identify a methionine auxotrophic mutant of Gibberella zeae, an important cereal pathogen. In addition to its methionine requirement, the G...
  11. Lee S, Son H, Lee J, Min K, Choi G, Kim J, et al. Functional analyses of two acetyl coenzyme A synthetases in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2011;10:1043-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Our previous study on ATP citrate lyase (ACL) in Gibberella zeae revealed that ACL-dependent acetyl-CoA production is important for histone acetylation, especially in ..
  12. Kim J, Han K, Jin J, Kim H, Kim J, Yun S, et al. Putative polyketide synthase and laccase genes for biosynthesis of aurofusarin in Gibberella zeae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:1701-8 pubmed
    Mycelia of Gibberella zeae (anamorph, Fusarium graminearum), an important pathogen of cereal crops, are yellow to tan with white to carmine red margins...
  13. Lee S, Lee J, Lee S, Park E, Kim K, Kim M, et al. GzSNF1 is required for normal sexual and asexual development in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2009;8:116-27 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we deleted an ortholog of SNF1 from Gibberella zeae to characterize its functions by using a gene replacement strategy...
  14. Son H, Lee J, Park A, Lee Y. ATP citrate lyase is required for normal sexual and asexual development in Gibberella zeae. Fungal Genet Biol. 2011;48:408-17 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we characterized the mechanistic roles of ACL in the homothallic ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae, which causes Fusarium head blight in major cereal crops...
  15. Lin Y, Son H, Lee J, Min K, Choi G, Kim J, et al. A putative transcription factor MYT1 is required for female fertility in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25586 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae is an important pathogen of major cereal crops. The fungus produces ascospores that forcibly discharge from mature fruiting bodies, which serve as the primary inocula for disease epidemics...
  16. Son H, Min K, Lee J, Choi G, Kim J, Lee Y. Differential roles of pyruvate decarboxylase in aerial and embedded mycelia of the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2012;329:123-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Our previous study on acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase 1 (ACS1) in Gibberella zeae suggested that the PAA pathway is important for lipid production, which is required for perithecia ..
  17. Jacobs A, Van Wyk P, Marasas W, Wingfield B, Wingfield M, Coutinho T. Fusarium ananatum sp. nov. in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex from pineapples with fruit rot in South Africa. Fungal Biol. 2010;114:515-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Both phylogenetic and morphological data show that the disease on pineapple in South Africa is caused by a new Fusarium species described here as F. ananatum sp. nov...
  18. Lee S, Lee S, Choi D, Lee Y, Yun S. Identification of the down-regulated genes in a mat1-2-deleted strain of Gibberella zeae, using cDNA subtraction and microarray analysis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2006;43:295-310 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae (anamorph: Fusarium graminearum), a self-fertile ascomycete, is an important pathogen of cereal crops...
  19. Hong S, So J, Lee J, Min K, Son H, Park C, et al. Functional analyses of two syntaxin-like SNARE genes, GzSYN1 and GzSYN2, in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Fungal Genet Biol. 2010;47:364-72 pubmed publisher
    We identified two syntaxin-like SNARE genes, named GzSYN1 and GzSYN2, from the plant pathogenic ascomycete Gibberella zeae, and characterized the functions and cellular localization of these genes...
  20. Kaplan O, Bezouska K, Malandra A, Veselá A, Petříčková A, Felsberg J, et al. Genome mining for the discovery of new nitrilases in filamentous fungi. Biotechnol Lett. 2011;33:309-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Synthetic genes encoding nitrilases in Aspergillus niger, Gibberella moniliformis and Neurospora crassa were expressed in Escherichia coli...
  21. Ma S, Zhan J, Watanabe K, Xie X, Zhang W, WANG C, et al. Enzymatic synthesis of aromatic polyketides using PKS4 from Gibberella fujikuroi. J Am Chem Soc. 2007;129:10642-3 pubmed
  22. Beyer M, Verreet J, Ragab W. Effect of relative humidity on germination of ascospores and macroconidia of Gibberella zeae and deoxynivalenol production. Int J Food Microbiol. 2005;98:233-40 pubmed
    Cereals are frequently infested by mycotoxin-producing fungi such as Gibberella zeae. G. zeae produces sexual spores (ascospores, dispersed by wind) and asexual spores (macroconidia, dispersed by rain droplets) to infect host plants...
  23. Liu J, Liu M, Wang J, Yao J, Pan R, Yu Z. Enhancement of the Gibberella zeae growth inhibitory lipopeptides from a Bacillus subtilis mutant by ion beam implantation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005;69:223-8 pubmed
    Bacillus subtilis JA antagonized the growth of Gibberella zeae. In order to reduce growth of this fungi pathogen to a greater extent, low-energy ion beam implantation was applied in mutant breeding...
  24. Jurjevic Z, Wilson D, Wilson J, Geiser D, Juba J, Mubatanhema W, et al. Fusarium species of the Gibberella fujikuroi complex and fumonisin contamination of pearl millet and corn in Georgia, USA. Mycopathologia. 2005;159:401-6 pubmed
    This study was designed to identify and compare the Fusarium species of the Gibberella fujikuroi complex on pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br) and corn (Zea mays L...
  25. Han Y, Kim M, Lee S, Yun S, Lee Y. A novel F-box protein involved in sexual development and pathogenesis in Gibberella zeae. Mol Microbiol. 2007;63:768-79 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae is an ascomyceteous fungus that causes serious diseases in cereal crops. Severe epidemics require strains that are virulent and that can reproduce sexually...
  26. Ali M, Taylor J, Jie L, Sun G, William M, Kasha K, et al. Molecular mapping of QTLs for resistance to Gibberella ear rot, in corn, caused by Fusarium graminearum. Genome. 2005;48:521-33 pubmed
    b>Gibberella ear rot, caused by the fungus Fusarium graminearum Schwabe, is a serious disease of corn (Zea mays) grown in northern climates. Infected corn is lower yielding and contains toxins that are dangerous to livestock and humans...
  27. Cowger C, Arrellano C. Plump kernels with high deoxynivalenol linked to late Gibberella zeae infection and marginal disease conditions in winter wheat. Phytopathology. 2010;100:719-28 pubmed publisher
    Deoxynivalenol (DON) concentrations in mature wheat grain are usually correlated with symptoms produced by Gibberella zeae infection...
  28. Rojas M, Hedden P, Gaskin P, Tudzynski B. The P450-1 gene of Gibberella fujikuroi encodes a multifunctional enzyme in gibberellin biosynthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:5838-43 pubmed
    Recent studies have shown that the genes of the gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis pathway in the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi are organized in a cluster of at least seven genes...
  29. Tudzynski B, Liu S, Kelly J. Carbon catabolite repression in plant pathogenic fungi: isolation and characterization of the Gibberella fujikuroi and Botrytis cinerea creA genes. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000;184:9-15 pubmed
    The creA genes of two plant pathogenic fungi, the gibberellin-producing rice pathogen Gibberella fujikuroi and the gray mold Botrytis cinerea, were isolated and characterized...
  30. Lee S, Kim Y, Yun S, Lee Y. Identification of differentially expressed proteins in a mat1-2-deleted strain of Gibberella zeae, using a comparative proteomics analysis. Curr Genet. 2008;53:175-84 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae is a self-fertile ascomycetous fungus that causes important diseases of cereal crops. A comprehensive understanding of sexual reproduction in G. zeae is needed for disease control...
  31. Lee S, Han Y, Yun S, Lee Y. Roles of the glyoxylate and methylcitrate cycles in sexual development and virulence in the cereal pathogen Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2009;8:1155-64 pubmed publisher
    ..To elucidate the role(s) of these pathways in Gibberella zeae, which causes head blight in cereal crops, we focused on the functions of G...
  32. Mihlan M, Homann V, Liu T, Tudzynski B. AREA directly mediates nitrogen regulation of gibberellin biosynthesis in Gibberella fujikuroi, but its activity is not affected by NMR. Mol Microbiol. 2003;47:975-91 pubmed
    ..general transcription factor involved in derepression of numerous genes responsible for nitrogen utilization in Gibberella fujikuroi and many other fungi...
  33. Hallen H, Trail F. The L-type calcium ion channel cch1 affects ascospore discharge and mycelial growth in the filamentous fungus Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum). Eukaryot Cell. 2008;7:415-24 pubmed
    Cch1, a putative voltage-gated calcium ion channel, was investigated for its role in ascus development in Gibberella zeae...
  34. Son H, Min K, Lee J, Raju N, Lee Y. Meiotic silencing in the homothallic fungus Gibberella zeae. Fungal Biol. 2011;115:1290-302 pubmed publisher
    The homothallic ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae is an important pathogen on major cereal crops. The objective of this study was to determine whether meiotic silencing occurs in G. zeae...
  35. Yu H, Seo J, Kim J, Han K, Shim W, Yun S, et al. Functional analyses of heterotrimeric G protein G alpha and G beta subunits in Gibberella zeae. Microbiology. 2008;154:392-401 pubmed publisher
    The homothallic ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae (anamorph: Fusarium graminearum) is a major toxigenic plant pathogen that causes head blight disease on small-grain cereals...
  36. Kim H, Lee T, Yun S. A putative pheromone signaling pathway is dispensable for self-fertility in the homothallic ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Fungal Genet Biol. 2008;45:1188-96 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae, a homothallic ascomycetous fungus, does not seek a partner for mating. Here, we focused on the role(s) of putative pheromone and receptor genes during sexual development in G. zeae...
  37. Min K, Shin Y, Son H, Lee J, Kim J, Choi G, et al. Functional analyses of the nitrogen regulatory gene areA in Gibberella zeae. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2012;334:66-73 pubmed publisher
    Fusarium head blight caused by Gibberella zeae is a prominent disease of cereal crops that poses serious human health concerns due to the contamination of grains with mycotoxins...
  38. Guenther J, Trail F. The development and differentiation of Gibberella zeae (anamorph: Fusarium graminearum) during colonization of wheat. Mycologia. 2005;97:229-37 pubmed
    Worldwide, one of the most devastating pathogens of small grains is the head blight fungus, Gibberella zeae...
  39. Trail F, Gaffoor I, Vogel S. Ejection mechanics and trajectory of the ascospores of Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fuarium graminearum). Fungal Genet Biol. 2005;42:528-33 pubmed
    ..Thus, achieving high speeds requires prodigious accelerations. In the ascomycete Gibberella zeae, we determined the launch speed and kinetic energy of ascospores shot from perithecia, and the source and ..
  40. Mirete S, Patino B, Vazquez C, Jimenez M, Hinojo M, Soldevilla C, et al. Fumonisin production by Gibberella fujikuroi strains from Pinus species. Int J Food Microbiol. 2003;89:213-21 pubmed
    Fumonisins are important mycotoxins basically produced by strains from the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex (with anamorphs in Fusarium genus) which contaminate food and feed products representing a risk to human and animal health...
  41. Linnemannstons P, Schulte J, del Mar Prado M, Proctor R, Avalos J, Tudzynski B. The polyketide synthase gene pks4 from Gibberella fujikuroi encodes a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of the red pigment bikaverin. Fungal Genet Biol. 2002;37:134-48 pubmed
    The ascomycete Gibberella fujikuroi mating population C (MP-C) is well known for the production of gibberellins, but also produces many other secondary metabolites, including the red polyketide pigment bikaverin...
  42. Proctor R, Hohn T, McCormick S. Restoration of wild-type virulence to Tri5 disruption mutants of Gibberella zeae via gene reversion and mutant complementation. Microbiology. 1997;143 ( Pt 8):2583-91 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae is a pathogen of small grain crops and produces trichothecene mycotoxins in infected host tissue. The role of trichothecenes in the virulence of G...
  43. Yang Q, Yin G, Guo Y, Zhang D, Chen S, Xu M. A major QTL for resistance to Gibberella stalk rot in maize. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;121:673-87 pubmed publisher
    Fusarium graminearum Schwabe, the conidial form of Gibberella zeae, is the causal fungal pathogen responsible for Gibberella stalk rot of maize...
  44. Zhou H, Zhan J, Watanabe K, Xie X, Tang Y. A polyketide macrolactone synthase from the filamentous fungus Gibberella zeae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:6249-54 pubmed publisher
    ..We report here the reconstitution of Gibberella zeae PKS13, which is the nonreducing PKS associated with zearalenone biosynthesis...
  45. Oide S, Liu J, Yun S, Wu D, Michev A, Choi M, et al. Histidine kinase two-component response regulator proteins regulate reproductive development, virulence, and stress responses of the fungal cereal pathogens Cochliobolus heterostrophus and Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2010;9:1867-80 pubmed publisher
    ..ssk1 and hog1 mutants were examined in the homothallic cereal pathogen Gibberella zeae, and pathogenic and reproductive phases of development regulated by Ssk1 and Hog1 were found to mirror, but ..
  46. Son H, Min K, Lee J, Choi G, Kim J, Lee Y. Mitochondrial carnitine-dependent acetyl coenzyme A transport is required for normal sexual and asexual development of the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2012;11:1143-53 pubmed publisher
    ..synthetic enzymes, namely, ATP citrate lyase and acetyl-CoA synthetases (ACSs), in the plant-pathogenic fungus Gibberella zeae...
  47. Leslie J, Klein K. Female fertility and mating type effects on effective population size and evolution in filamentous fungi. Genetics. 1996;144:557-67 pubmed
    ..vegetative propagation, the ratio of sexual:asexual generations can range from 1:15 to 1:2300 for species in the Gibberella fujikuroi complex...
  48. Jurgenson J, Bowden R, Zeller K, Leslie J, Alexander N, Plattner R. A genetic map of Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum). Genetics. 2002;160:1451-60 pubmed
    We constructed a genetic linkage map of Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum) by crossing complementary nitrate-nonutilizing (nit) mutants of G. zeae strains R-5470 (from Japan) and Z-3639 (from Kansas)...
  49. Zeller K, Bowden R, Leslie J. Population differentiation and recombination in wheat scab populations of Gibberella zeae from the United States. Mol Ecol. 2004;13:563-71 pubmed
    In limited previous studies of the Ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae in North America, the populations examined were genetically and phenotypically diverse and could be viewed as subsamples of a larger population...
  50. Gaffoor I, Trail F. Characterization of two polyketide synthase genes involved in zearalenone biosynthesis in Gibberella zeae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:1793-9 pubmed
    ..ZEA1 and ZEA2, which encode polyketide synthases that participate in the biosynthesis of zearalenone by Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum)...
  51. Kim Y, Lee Y, Jin J, Han K, Kim H, Kim J, et al. Two different polyketide synthase genes are required for synthesis of zearalenone in Gibberella zeae. Mol Microbiol. 2005;58:1102-13 pubmed
    Zearalenone (ZEA) is a polyketide mycotoxin produced by some species of Gibberella/Fusarium and causes hyperestrogenic syndrome in animals...
  52. Hohn T, Desjardins A. Isolation and gene disruption of the Tox5 gene encoding trichodiene synthase in Gibberella pulicaris. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1992;5:249-56 pubmed
    The trichodiene synthase gene (Tox5) was isolated from Gibberella pulicaris, and its nucleotide sequence was determined...
  53. Trail F, Xu H. Purification and characterization of mannitol dehydrogenase and identification of the corresponding cDNA from the head blight fungus, Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum). Phytochemistry. 2002;61:791-6 pubmed
    The mannitol-2-dehydrogenase (MtDH) from Gibberella zeae was purified and the corresponding cDNA identified...
  54. Qiu J, Xu J, Yu J, Bi C, Chen C, Zhou M. Localisation of the benzimidazole fungicide binding site of Gibberella zeae ?2-tubulin studied by site-directed mutagenesis. Pest Manag Sci. 2011;67:191-8 pubmed publisher
    ..by resistance, and this is the case with the use of carbendazim for controlling Fusarium head blight caused by Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch (anamorph Fusarium graminearum)...
  55. Desjardins A, Brown D, Yun S, Proctor R, Lee T, Plattner R, et al. Deletion and complementation of the mating type (MAT) locus of the wheat head blight pathogen Gibberella zeae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:2437-44 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae, a self-fertile, haploid filamentous ascomycete, causes serious epidemics of wheat (Triticum aestivum) head blight worldwide and contaminates grain with trichothecene mycotoxins...
  56. Kim J, Lee H, Lee J, Kim K, Yun S, Shim W, et al. Gibberella zeae chitin synthase genes, GzCHS5 and GzCHS7, are required for hyphal growth, perithecia formation, and pathogenicity. Curr Genet. 2009;55:449-59 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae causes Fusarium head blight of cereal crops, and sexual spores of the fungus play an important role as primary inocula. We isolated a restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) transformant, ZH431, of G...
  57. Burlakoti R, Ali S, Secor G, Neate S, McMullen M, Adhikari T. Genetic relationships among populations of Gibberella zeae from barley, wheat, potato, and sugar beet in the upper Midwest of the United States. Phytopathology. 2008;98:969-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae, a causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) in wheat and barley, is one of the most economically harmful pathogens of cereals in the United States. In recent years, the known host range of G...
  58. Hallen H, Huebner M, Shiu S, Guldener U, Trail F. Gene expression shifts during perithecium development in Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum), with particular emphasis on ion transport proteins. Fungal Genet Biol. 2007;44:1146-56 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae, the causal agent of Fusarium head blight, is a devastating pathogen of small grains worldwide...
  59. Proctor R, Plattner R, Brown D, Seo J, Lee Y. Discontinuous distribution of fumonisin biosynthetic genes in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Mycol Res. 2004;108:815-22 pubmed
    ..mycotoxins fumonisins has been reported in several Fusarium species, most of which are members of the Gibberella fujikuroi (Gf) complex...
  60. Lee T, Han Y, Kim K, Yun S, Lee Y. Tri13 and Tri7 determine deoxynivalenol- and nivalenol-producing chemotypes of Gibberella zeae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:2148-54 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae, a major cause of cereal scab, can be divided into two chemotypes based on production of the 8-ketotrichothecenes deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV). We cloned and sequenced a Tri13 homolog from each chemotype...
  61. Kim J, Myong K, Shim W, Yun S, Lee Y. Functional characterization of acetylglutamate synthase and phosphoribosylamine-glycine ligase genes in Gibberella zeae. Curr Genet. 2007;51:99-108 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae (anamorph, Fusarium graminearum) is an important pathogen of cereal crops found in many regions of the world...
  62. Lee S, Son H, Lee J, Lee Y, Lee Y. A putative ABC transporter gene, ZRA1, is required for zearalenone production in Gibberella zeae. Curr Genet. 2011;57:343-51 pubmed publisher
    ..ZRA1 localized to the plasma membrane and vacuoles indicating possible roles of ZRA1 as a transporter. This study indicated that ZRA1 is involved in ZEA production and shares a common regulatory mode with ZEA cluster genes by ZEB2...
  63. Trail F, Xu J, San Miguel P, Halgren R, Kistler H. Analysis of expressed sequence tags from Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum). Fungal Genet Biol. 2003;38:187-97 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae is a broad host range pathogen that infects many crop plants, including wheat and barley, and causes head blight and rot diseases throughout the world...
  64. Leslie J, Summerell B, Bullock S, Doe F. Description of Gibberella sacchari and neotypification of its anamorph Fusarium sacchari. Mycologia. 2005;97:718-24 pubmed
    We described the teleomorph of Fusarium sacchari as Gibberella sacchari, sp. nov. This species can be separated from other species of Gibberella on the basis of the longer, narrower ascospores found in G...
  65. Min K, Lee J, Kim J, Kim S, Kim Y, Vogel S, et al. A novel gene, ROA, is required for normal morphogenesis and discharge of ascospores in Gibberella zeae. Eukaryot Cell. 2010;9:1495-503 pubmed publisher
    Head blight, caused by Gibberella zeae, is a significant disease among cereal crops, including wheat, barley, and rice, due to contamination of grain with mycotoxins. G...
  66. Lee J, Lee T, Lee Y, Yun S, Turgeon B. Shifting fungal reproductive mode by manipulation of mating type genes: obligatory heterothallism of Gibberella zeae. Mol Microbiol. 2003;50:145-52 pubmed
    ..An example of the latter is Gibberella zeae, a species that is capable of both selfing and outcrossing. G...
  67. Proctor R, Hohn T, McCormick S. Reduced virulence of Gibberella zeae caused by disruption of a trichothecene toxin biosynthetic gene. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1995;8:593-601 pubmed
    ..b>Gibberella zeae (F. graminearum) is an important cereal pathogen that produces the trichothecene deoxynivalenol...
  68. Tudzynski B. Biosynthesis of gibberellins in Gibberella fujikuroi: biomolecular aspects. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1999;52:298-310 pubmed
    ..The rice pathogen Gibberella fujikuroi (mating population C) is able to produce large amounts of GAs, especially the bioactive compounds ..
  69. Burlakoti R, Ali S, Secor G, Neate S, McMullen M, Adhikari T. Comparative mycotoxin profiles of Gibberella zeae populations from barley, wheat, potatoes, and sugar beets. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:6513-20 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae is one of the most devastating pathogens of barley and wheat in the United States...
  70. Son H, Lee J, Lee Y. Mannitol induces the conversion of conidia to chlamydospore-like structures that confer enhanced tolerance to heat, drought, and UV in Gibberella zeae. Microbiol Res. 2012;167:608-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study showed that conidia of the cereal head blight fungus Gibberella zeae were readily changed to chlamydospore-like structures (CLS) in cultures supplemented with high amounts of ..
  71. Zhang D, Liu Y, Guo Y, Yang Q, Ye J, Chen S, et al. Fine-mapping of qRfg2, a QTL for resistance to Gibberella stalk rot in maize. Theor Appl Genet. 2012;124:585-96 pubmed publisher
    ..a major qRfg1 and a minor qRfg2, were identified in the resistant inbred line '1145' to confer resistance to Gibberella stalk rot...
  72. Proctor R, Brown D, Plattner R, Desjardins A. Co-expression of 15 contiguous genes delineates a fumonisin biosynthetic gene cluster in Gibberella moniliformis. Fungal Genet Biol. 2003;38:237-49 pubmed
    Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by the maize pathogen Gibberella moniliformis and are associated with cancer in rodents. In this study, we determined the nucleotide sequence of a 75-kb region of G...
  73. Lee J, Park C, Kim J, Kim J, Lee Y. Identification and functional characterization of genes involved in the sexual reproduction of the ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;401:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..that G protein alpha subunit 1 (GPA1) is essential for sexual reproduction in the homothallic ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae. In this study we performed microarray analyses on a GPA1 deletion mutant of G...
  74. Li H, Lu Y, Wang J, Zhou M. [Cloning of beta-tubulin gene from Gibberella zeae and analysis its relationship with carbendazim-resistance]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2003;43:424-9 pubmed
    ..from wild carbendazim(MBC)-sensitive isolate, field MBC-resistant isolate and induced MBC-resistant mutant of Gibberella zeae were cloned and sequenced with 3 pairs of primers...
  75. Jin J, Lee J, Lee Y. Characterization of carotenoid biosynthetic genes in the ascomycete Gibberella zeae. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2010;302:197-202 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we identified five putative carotenoid biosynthetic genes from the ascomycete Gibberella zeae (GzCarB, GzCarO, GzCarRA, GzCarT, and GzCarX)...
  76. Ramirez M, Reynoso M, Farnochi M, Torres A, Leslie J, Chulze S. Population genetic structure of Gibberella zeae isolated from wheat in Argentina. Food Addit Contam. 2007;24:1115-20 pubmed
    b>Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum) causes Fusarium head blight of wheat. The authors used amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) to characterize the genetic structure of two G...
  77. Chang Y, Cho S, Kistler H, Hsieh C, Muehlbauer G. Bacterial artificial chromosome-based physical map of Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum). Genome. 2007;50:954-62 pubmed
    ..We also end-sequenced 17 BamHI BAC clones and identified 4 clones that spanned gaps in the genome sequence. Our new integrated map is highly reliable and useful for a variety of genomics studies...
  78. Mohammadi M, Anoop V, Gleddie S, Harris L. Proteomic profiling of two maize inbreds during early gibberella ear rot infection. Proteomics. 2011;11:3675-84 pubmed publisher
    Fusarium graminearum is the causal agent of gibberella ear rot in maize ears, resulting in yield losses due to mouldy and mycotoxin-contaminated grain. This study represents a global proteomic approach to document the early infection by F...
  79. Desjardins A. Gibberella from A (venaceae) to Z (eae). Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2003;41:177-98 pubmed
    b>Gibberella species are destructive plant pathogens, although many are more familiar under their Fusarium anamorph names...
  80. Malonek S, Bömke C, Bornberg Bauer E, Rojas M, Hedden P, Hopkins P, et al. Distribution of gibberellin biosynthetic genes and gibberellin production in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Phytochemistry. 2005;66:1296-311 pubmed
    b>Gibberella fujikuroi is a species-rich monophyletic complex of at least nine sexually fertile biological species (mating populations, MP-A to MP-I) and more than 30 anamorphs in the genus Fusarium...
  81. Burlakoti R, Neate S, Adhikari T, Gyawali S, Salas B, Steffenson B, et al. Trichothecene profiling and population genetic analysis of Gibberella zeae from barley in North Dakota and Minnesota. Phytopathology. 2011;101:687-95 pubmed publisher
    b>Gibberella zeae, the principal cause of Fusarium head blight (FHB) of barley, contaminates grains with several mycotoxins, which creates a serious problem for the malting barley industry in the United States, China, and Europe...