echinostomatidae

Summary

Summary: A family of flukes (TREMATODA) characterized by a collar of spines at their anterior end. The body is elongated and is covered with spines, and the two suckers are usually close together. (Noble et al., Parasitology: the Biology of Animal Parasites, 6th ed, p183)

Top Publications

  1. Kanev I, Fried B, Radev V. Collar spine models in the genus Echinostoma (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). Parasitol Res. 2009;105:921-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Reports of even numbered spine counts in the genus Echinostoma are erroneous and probably reflect counts on worms with lost, retracted, or supernumerary spines...
  2. Kim Y, Yu J, Chung E, Chung P. Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae): experimental confirmation of the cercaria and its complete life history in Korea. J Parasitol. 2004;90:97-102 pubmed
    ..tyosenense metacercariae was 99.5% in naturally infected M. veneriformis. This is the first report of C. yamagutii as the cercaria of A. tyosenense, and the complete life cycle of A. tyosenense was established in Korea...
  3. Tantrawatpan C, Saijuntha W, Sithithaworn P, Andrews R, Petney T. Genetic differentiation of Artyfechinostomum malayanum and A. sufrartyfex (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:437-41 pubmed publisher
    ..malayanum. A clade of A. malayanum was closely aligned with A. sufrartyfex and clearly distance from the cluster of other echinostomes. Our results may sufficiently suggest that the current synonymy of these species is not valid...
  4. Griffin M, Khoo L, Quiniou S, O Hear M, Pote L, Greenway T, et al. Genetic sequence data identifies the cercaria of Drepanocephalus spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), a parasite of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), with notes on its pathology in juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). J Parasitol. 2012;98:967-72 pubmed publisher
    ..lsDNA), and cytochrome oxidase (Cox1) genes all matched the cercariae to Drepanocephalus spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), a parasite of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), a piscivorous bird endemic on most ..
  5. Martorelli S, Poulin R, Mouritsen K. A new cercaria and metacercaria of Acanthoparyphium (Echinostomatidae) found in an intertidal snail Zeacumantus subcarinatus (Batillaridae) from New Zealand. Parasitol Int. 2006;55:163-7 pubmed
    ..Each of the main collecting canals had 10-11 pairs of bilateral diverticula between the anterior edge of the ventral sucker and anterior body end. A brief discussion of its possible life cycle and ecology is also provided...
  6. Han E, Choi M, Choi S, Chai J. Surface ultrastructure of juvenile and adult Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). J Parasitol. 2011;97:1049-54 pubmed publisher
    The tegumental ultrastructure of juvenile and adult Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) was observed by scanning electron microscopy...
  7. McCarthy A. Scanning electron microscopy of adult Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Von Linstow, 1873) (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) from Britain. J Helminthol. 2011;85:453-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The value of SEM studies in elucidating the relationship between members of the genus Echinoparyphium in Britain/Europe and those in Africa, Asia and North America is suggested...
  8. Saijuntha W, Sithithaworn P, Duenngai K, Kiatsopit N, Andrews R, Petney T. Genetic variation and relationships of four species of medically important echinostomes (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) in South-East Asia. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:375-81 pubmed publisher
  9. Muñoz Antoli C, Marin A, Trelis M, Toledo R, Esteban J. Sympatric and allopatric experimental infections of the planorbid snail Gyraulus chinensis with miracidia of Euparyphium albuferensis (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). J Helminthol. 2010;84:420-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The different infection characteristics in the three G. chinensis strains considered reveal that E. albuferensis miracidia demonstrate local adaptation...
  10. Faltýnková A, Gibson D, Kostadinova A. A revision of Petasiger Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) and a key to its species. Syst Parasitol. 2008;71:1-40 pubmed publisher
    ..inq., P. nicolli Pande, 1939 sp. inq. and P. spasskyi Oshmarin in Skrjabin, Petrov & Bashkirova, 1947 sp. inq.; and Echinoparyphium inopinatum (Baer, 1959) n. comb. is a species previously attributed to Petasiger...

Detail Information

Publications86

  1. Kanev I, Fried B, Radev V. Collar spine models in the genus Echinostoma (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). Parasitol Res. 2009;105:921-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Reports of even numbered spine counts in the genus Echinostoma are erroneous and probably reflect counts on worms with lost, retracted, or supernumerary spines...
  2. Kim Y, Yu J, Chung E, Chung P. Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae): experimental confirmation of the cercaria and its complete life history in Korea. J Parasitol. 2004;90:97-102 pubmed
    ..tyosenense metacercariae was 99.5% in naturally infected M. veneriformis. This is the first report of C. yamagutii as the cercaria of A. tyosenense, and the complete life cycle of A. tyosenense was established in Korea...
  3. Tantrawatpan C, Saijuntha W, Sithithaworn P, Andrews R, Petney T. Genetic differentiation of Artyfechinostomum malayanum and A. sufrartyfex (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:437-41 pubmed publisher
    ..malayanum. A clade of A. malayanum was closely aligned with A. sufrartyfex and clearly distance from the cluster of other echinostomes. Our results may sufficiently suggest that the current synonymy of these species is not valid...
  4. Griffin M, Khoo L, Quiniou S, O Hear M, Pote L, Greenway T, et al. Genetic sequence data identifies the cercaria of Drepanocephalus spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), a parasite of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), with notes on its pathology in juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). J Parasitol. 2012;98:967-72 pubmed publisher
    ..lsDNA), and cytochrome oxidase (Cox1) genes all matched the cercariae to Drepanocephalus spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), a parasite of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), a piscivorous bird endemic on most ..
  5. Martorelli S, Poulin R, Mouritsen K. A new cercaria and metacercaria of Acanthoparyphium (Echinostomatidae) found in an intertidal snail Zeacumantus subcarinatus (Batillaridae) from New Zealand. Parasitol Int. 2006;55:163-7 pubmed
    ..Each of the main collecting canals had 10-11 pairs of bilateral diverticula between the anterior edge of the ventral sucker and anterior body end. A brief discussion of its possible life cycle and ecology is also provided...
  6. Han E, Choi M, Choi S, Chai J. Surface ultrastructure of juvenile and adult Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). J Parasitol. 2011;97:1049-54 pubmed publisher
    The tegumental ultrastructure of juvenile and adult Acanthoparyphium tyosenense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) was observed by scanning electron microscopy...
  7. McCarthy A. Scanning electron microscopy of adult Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Von Linstow, 1873) (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) from Britain. J Helminthol. 2011;85:453-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The value of SEM studies in elucidating the relationship between members of the genus Echinoparyphium in Britain/Europe and those in Africa, Asia and North America is suggested...
  8. Saijuntha W, Sithithaworn P, Duenngai K, Kiatsopit N, Andrews R, Petney T. Genetic variation and relationships of four species of medically important echinostomes (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) in South-East Asia. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:375-81 pubmed publisher
  9. Muñoz Antoli C, Marin A, Trelis M, Toledo R, Esteban J. Sympatric and allopatric experimental infections of the planorbid snail Gyraulus chinensis with miracidia of Euparyphium albuferensis (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). J Helminthol. 2010;84:420-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The different infection characteristics in the three G. chinensis strains considered reveal that E. albuferensis miracidia demonstrate local adaptation...
  10. Faltýnková A, Gibson D, Kostadinova A. A revision of Petasiger Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) and a key to its species. Syst Parasitol. 2008;71:1-40 pubmed publisher
    ..inq., P. nicolli Pande, 1939 sp. inq. and P. spasskyi Oshmarin in Skrjabin, Petrov & Bashkirova, 1947 sp. inq.; and Echinoparyphium inopinatum (Baer, 1959) n. comb. is a species previously attributed to Petasiger...
  11. Han E, Whang J, Chai J. Himasthla alincia (Echinostomatidae): metacercariae in brackish water bivalves and their growth and development in experimental animals. J Parasitol. 2009;95:1415-20 pubmed publisher
    Metacercariae of Himasthla alincia (Echinostomatidae) were discovered in brackish water bivalves in the Republic of Korea; their growth and development were observed in experimental animals...
  12. Hernández Cruz E, Hernández Orts J, Sereno Uribe A, Pérez Ponce de León G, García Varela M. Multilocus phylogenetic analysis and morphological data reveal a new species composition of the genus Drepanocephalus Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), parasites of fish-eating birds in the Americas. J Helminthol. 2017;:1-24 pubmed publisher
  13. Nagataki M, Tantrawatpan C, Agatsuma T, Sugiura T, Duenngai K, Sithithaworn P, et al. Mitochondrial DNA sequences of 37 collar-spined echinostomes (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) in Thailand and Lao PDR reveals presence of two species: Echinostoma revolutum and E. miyagawai. Infect Genet Evol. 2015;35:56-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The phylogenetic trees, ND1 haplotype network and genetic differentiation (ɸST) analyses showed that E. revolutum were genetically different on a continental scale, i.e. Eurasian and American lineages. ..
  14. Garcia Vedrenne A, Quintana A, DeRogatis A, Dover C, Lopez M, Kuris A, et al. Trematodes with a reproductive division of labour: heterophyids also have a soldier caste and early infections reveal how colonies become structured. Int J Parasitol. 2017;47:41-50 pubmed publisher
    ..positions in trematode interspecific dominance hierarchies and belong to two closely related families, the Echinostomatidae and the Philophthalmidae (Superfamily Echinostomatoidea)...
  15. Sah R, Khadka S, Hamal R, Poudyal S. Human echinostomiasis: a case report. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11:17 pubmed publisher
    Echinostomiasis is a food-borne infection caused by an intestinal trematodes belonging to the family Echinostomatidae. They infect the gastrointestinal tract of humans. Patients are usually asymptomatic...
  16. Schotthoefer A, Cole R, Beasley V. Relationship of tadpole stage to location of echinostome cercariae encystment and the consequences for tadpole survival. J Parasitol. 2003;89:475-82 pubmed
    ..Exposures of metamorphic frogs (poststage 46) to cercariae revealed that these individuals can become infected with echinostomes. Collectively, our data highlight the host stage-dependent dynamics of tadpole-echinostome interactions. ..
  17. Sohn W, Na B. Echinostoma macrorchis (Digenea: Echinostomatidae): Metacercariae in Cipangopaludina chinensis malleata Snails and Adults from Experimental Rats in Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2017;55:541-548 pubmed publisher
    ..Conclusively, it has been first confirmed that the life cycle of E. macrorchis is indigenously maintained in Korea, and C. chinensis malleata snails are popularly infected with the metacercariae of this echinostome. ..
  18. Rashed A. Biological studies on the snail intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis with a special emphasis on using larval echinostomes as biocontrol agent against larval schistosomes and snails. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2002;32:775-84 pubmed
    ..Probably, the toxicants and pollutants in the drain may act as stressor that makes the snails much more susceptible to infection by larval trematodes...
  19. Saijuntha W, Sithithaworn P, Andrews R. Genetic differentiation of Echinostoma revolutum and Hypodereaum conoideum from domestic ducks in Thailand by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. J Helminthol. 2010;84:143-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The two species of echinostome could be distinguished at 17 of the 30 enzyme loci. Several loci were polymorphic within each species, suggesting that these can be used to examine their population genetics. ..
  20. Sohn W, Na B, Shin S. New Definitive Hosts and Differential Body Indices of Isthmiophora hortensis (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). Korean J Parasitol. 2017;55:287-294 pubmed publisher
    ..hortensis. The morphological characteristics of adult flukes derived from a variety of host source were redescribed to support the taxonomic validity of this echinostome species...
  21. Le T, Nguyen N, Nguyen K, Doan H, Dung D, Blair D. A complete mitochondrial genome from Echinochasmus japonicus supports the elevation of Echinochasminae Odhner, 1910 to family rank (Trematoda: Platyhelminthes). Infect Genet Evol. 2016;45:369-377 pubmed publisher
    ..species/strains supports the elevation of Echinochasminae Odhner, 1910 to family rank, close to the families Echinostomatidae and Fasciolidae...
  22. Cortés A, Muñoz Antolí C, Álvarez Izquierdo M, Sotillo J, Esteban J, Toledo R. Adaptation of the secretome of Echinostoma caproni may contribute to parasite survival in a Th1 milieu. Parasitol Res. 2018;117:947-957 pubmed publisher
    Echinostoma caproni (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) is an intestinal trematode, broadly employed to study the host-dependent mechanisms that govern the evolution of intestinal helminth infections. Resistance against E...
  23. Tunholi V, Tunholi Alves V, Santos A, Garcia J, Maldonado A, da Silva W, et al. Evaluation of the mitochondrial system in the gonad-digestive gland complex of Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) after infection by Echinostoma paraensei (Trematoda, Echinostomatidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2016;136:136-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The possible mechanisms that explain this new metabolic condition in the infected organisms are discussed. ..
  24. Georgieva S, Blasco Costa I, Kostadinova A. Molecular characterisation of four echinostomes (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) from birds in New Zealand, with descriptions of Echinostoma novaezealandense n. sp. and Echinoparyphium poulini n. sp. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:477-497 pubmed publisher
    Morphological and molecular characterisation of echinostome specimens (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) recovered in one Anas platyrhynchos L...
  25. Fried B, Graczyk T, Tamang L. Food-borne intestinal trematodiases in humans. Parasitol Res. 2004;93:159-70 pubmed
    ..intestinal trematodiases associated with species in families of the Digenea: Brachylaimidae, Diplostomidae, Echinostomatidae, Fasciolidae, Gastrodiscidae, Gymnophallidae, Heterophyidae, Lecithodendriidae, Microphallidae, Nanophyetidae,..
  26. Toledo R, Esteban J. An update on human echinostomiasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2016;110:37-45 pubmed publisher
    Echinostomiasis, caused by trematodes belonging to the family Echinostomatidae, is an important intestinal foodborne parasitic disease...
  27. Seppälä O, Karvonen A, Haataja M, Kuosa M, Jokela J. Food makes you a target: disentangling genetic, physiological, and behavioral effects determining susceptibility to infection. Evolution. 2011;65:1367-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Feeding treatments also affected the family-level variation in snail susceptibility, suggesting that the relative susceptibility of host genotypes was context dependent...
  28. Rossiter W, Sukhdeo M. Host quality and spatial patterning in infections of the Eastern mudsnail (Ilyanassa obsoleta) by two trematodes (Himasthla quissetensis and Zoogonus rubellus). J Parasitol. 2012;98:245-55 pubmed publisher
    ..We speculate that 1 possible mechanism for the observed patterns is that the life cycles of both trematode species allows them to contact the highest-quality snails in this marsh ecosystem...
  29. Poulin R, Steeper M, Miller A. Non-random patterns of host use by the different parasite species exploiting a cockle population. Parasitology. 2000;121 ( Pt 3):289-95 pubmed
    ..These results show that different parasite species do not use cockles in a random fashion, and that not all patterns of host use are consistent with shared or conflicting interests among parasites...
  30. Mouritsen K. The parasite-induced surfacing behaviour in the cockle Austrovenus stutchburyi: a test of an alternative hypothesis and identification of potential mechanisms. Parasitology. 2002;124:521-8 pubmed
    ..Austrovenus stutchburyi, whose foot is commonly infected by the digenean trematode Curtuteria australis (Echinostomatidae), is often found heavily infected and unable to burrow on the sediment surface of tidal flats...
  31. Sohn W, Woo H, Hong S. Tegumental ultrastructures of Echinoparyphium recurvatum according to developmental stages. Korean J Parasitol. 2002;40:67-73 pubmed
  32. Levakin I, Nikolaev K. [The use of the probability model for an estimation of a infection rate of White Sea mussels (MYtilus edulis) by Metacercariae Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomidae) ]. Parazitologiia. 2003;37:402-10 pubmed
    ..The study of infection rate can not be used for analyses of individual differences of hosts in a resistance to parasites and an infection ability of the parasite...
  33. Babirat C, Mouritsen K, Poulin R. Equal partnership: two trematode species, not one, manipulate the burrowing behaviour of the New Zealand cockle, Austrovenus stutchburyi. J Helminthol. 2004;78:195-9 pubmed
    Metacercariae of the trematode Curtuteria australis (Echinostomatidae) accumulate in the foot of the New Zealand cockle Austrovenus stutchburyi, severely impairing the cockle's ability to burrow under the sediments...
  34. Viozzi G, Flores V, Rauque C. An ectosymbiotic flatworm, Temnocephala chilensis, as second intermediate host for Echinoparyphium megacirrus (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) in Patagonia (Argentina). J Parasitol. 2005;91:229-31 pubmed
    ..Ovigerous adults of E. megacirrus were obtained from domestic chicks experimentally infected with metacercariae obtained from temnocephalans. This is the first record of temnocephalans being parasitized by digeneans...
  35. Ostrowski de Núñez M. Life cycle of Stephanoprora uruguayense (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) in Argentina. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1090-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Likewise, although S. denticulata and S. paradenticulata from Venezuela are similar to S. uruguayense in adult morphology, they differ considerably in larval morphology and intermediate hosts...
  36. Prepelitchi L, de Núñez M. Echinostomatid larval stages in Lymnaea viatrix (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) from southwest Patagonia, Argentina. J Parasitol. 2007;93:323-7 pubmed
    ..This study represents the first detailed description of parasites other than Fasciola hepatica in L. viatrix from Argentina...
  37. Chai J, Han E, Park Y, Guk S, Lee S. Acanthoparyphium tyosenense: the discovery of human infection and identification of its source. J Parasitol. 2001;87:794-800 pubmed
    Acanthoparyphium tyosenense Yamaguti, 1939 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), was originally reported as an avian intestinal parasite; here, its presence is reported in 10 humans in the Republic of Korea...
  38. Kostadinova A, Vaucher C, Gibson D. Redescriptions of two echinostomes from birds in Paraguay, with comments on Drepanocephalus Dietz, 1909 and Paryphostomum Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). Syst Parasitol. 2002;53:147-58 pubmed
    ..P. horai Baugh, 1950 sp. inq.; P. huaccaci Ibáñez, 1974 sp. inq.; P. agrawali Gupta & Singh, 1986 sp. inq.; P. siddiqui Gupta & Singh, 1986 sp. inq.; P. durgensis Sapre, 1969 sp. inq.; and P. globorchum Oshmarin, 1970 sp. inq...
  39. Morley N, Crane M, Lewis J. Effects of cadmium and zinc toxicity on orientation behaviour of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) cercariae. Dis Aquat Organ. 2003;56:89-92 pubmed
    ..The significance to parasite transmission of changes in cercarial orientation behaviour in metal polluted environments is discussed...
  40. Tkach V, Kudlai O, Kostadinova A. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Echinostomatoidea Looss, 1899 (Platyhelminthes: Digenea). Int J Parasitol. 2016;46:171-185 pubmed publisher
    ..80 species, representing eight families and 40 genera), including representatives of five subfamilies of the Echinostomatidae, which currently exhibits the most complex taxonomic structure within the superfamily...
  41. Podvyaznaya I, Galaktionov K. Trematode reproduction in the molluscan host: an ultrastructural study of the germinal mass in the rediae of Himasthla elongata (Mehlis, 1831) (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). Parasitol Res. 2014;113:1215-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The supporting tissue contains differentiating and degenerating cells which indicates its renewal. The results of this ultrastructural study lend support to the hypothesis that the germinal cells of digeneans are germ line cells. ..
  42. Chai J, Sohn W, Yong T, Eom K, Min D, Hoang E, et al. Echinostome flukes receovered from humans in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR. Korean J Parasitol. 2012;50:269-72 pubmed publisher
    ..revolutum, A. malayanum, and Euparyphium sp. for the first time in Lao PDR. These results indicate that the surveyed villages of Khammouane Province, Lao PDR are low-grade endemic foci of echinostomiasis...
  43. Xiao X, Wang T, Zheng X, Shen G, Tian Z. In vivo and in vitro encystment of Echinochasmus liliputanus cercariae and biological activity of the metacercariae. J Parasitol. 2005;91:492-8 pubmed
    ..The finding of E. liliputanus cercariae encysting in vitro, especially in human gastric juice, might be helpful in elucidating mechanisms of the definitive hosts that are directly infected by the cercariae...
  44. Zamparo D, Overstreet R, Brooks D. A new species of Petasiger (Digenea: Echinostomiformes: Echinostomatidae) in the brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis, (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Pelecanidae), from the Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. J Parasitol. 2005;91:1465-7 pubmed
  45. Leung T, Poulin R. Intra-host competition between co-infecting digeneans within a bivalve second intermediate host: dominance by priority-effect or taking advantage of others?. Int J Parasitol. 2011;41:449-54 pubmed publisher
  46. Ostrowski de Núñez M, Quintana M. The life cycle of Stephanoprora aylacostoma n.sp. (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), parasite of the threatened snail Aylacostoma chloroticum (Prosobranchia, Thiaridae), in Argentina. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:647-55 pubmed
    ..The new species differs from other species of the genus in its larger eggs, in the smaller, slender body and smaller collar spines of the adult and in the morphological and biological features of the larval stages...
  47. Koprivnikar J, Poulin R. Interspecific and intraspecific variation in cercariae release. J Parasitol. 2009;95:14-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, the shedding of a second species, Acanthoparyphium sp. (Echinostomatidae), increased at warmer temperatures. In particular, Acanthoparyphium sp...
  48. Reeves M, Dolph C, Zimmer H, Tjeerdema R, Trust K. Road proximity increases risk of skeletal abnormalities in wood frogs from National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:1009-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Skeletal and eye abnormalities in amphibians are not well understood, and they appear to be increasing while global populations decline. Here, we present the first study of amphibian abnormalities in Alaska...
  49. Flores V, Semenas L, Veleizán A. Larval digenean community parasitizing the freshwater snail, Biomphalaria peregrina (Pulmonata: Planorbidae), from a temporary pond in Patagonia, Argentina. J Parasitol. 2010;96:652-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first study in Argentina analyzing the infection dynamics of digeneans of a pulmonate snail from a temporary pond...
  50. Ataev G, Isakova N, Dobrovol skiĭ A. [Reproduction of the trematode Echinostoma caproni parthenites (Digenea: Echinostomatidae)]. Parazitologiia. 2007;41:512-25 pubmed
    Dynamics of the reproduction in the trematode Echinostoma caproni parthenites (Echinostomatidae) was observed...
  51. Gorbushin A, Klimovich A, Iakovleva N. Himasthla elongata: effect of infection on expression of the LUSTR-like receptor mRNA in common periwinkle haemocytes. Exp Parasitol. 2009;123:24-30 pubmed publisher
  52. Hua J, Buss N, Kim J, Orlofske S, Hoverman J. Population-specific toxicity of six insecticides to the trematode Echinoparyphium sp. Parasitology. 2016;143:542-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, this work demonstrates that consideration of pesticide toxicity to parasites is important to understanding how pesticides ultimately shape disease dynamics in nature. ..
  53. Muñoz Antoli C, Marin A, Vidal A, Toledo R, Esteban J. Euparyphium albuferensis and Echinostoma friedi (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae): experimental cercarial transmission success in sympatric snail communities. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2008;55:122-6 pubmed
    ..The degree of parasite-host compatibility of each snail species could be determined by the presence of other snails in the community...
  54. Kostadinova A, Skirnisson K. Petasiger islandicus n. sp. (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) in the horned grebe Podiceps auritus (L.) (Aves: Podicipedidae) from Iceland. Syst Parasitol. 2007;68:217-23 pubmed
  55. Diaz J, Cremonte F. Himasthla escamosa n. sp. (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) from the kelp gull, Larus dominicanus (Charadriiformes: Laridae), on the Patagonian coast, Argentina. J Parasitol. 2004;90:308-14 pubmed
    In this article, we describe a new species of Himasthla Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) from Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein (Aves: Laridae) in northern Patagonia, Argentina...
  56. Kamiya T, Poulin R. Behavioural plasticity of social trematodes depends upon social context. Biol Lett. 2013;9:20121027 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides support for the benefit of maintaining non-reproductive morphs in competitive situations, arising through socially mediated behavioural plasticity...
  57. Mastitsky S, Veres J. Field evidence for a parasite spillback caused by exotic mollusc Dreissena polymorpha in an invaded lake. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:667-75 pubmed publisher
    ..polymorpha was found to vary both spatially and seasonally. This risk was particularly high in the autumn at a depth of 2 m and at sites of bird gatherings...
  58. Leung T, Poulin R. Infection success of different trematode genotypes in two alternative intermediate hosts: evidence for intraspecific specialization?. Parasitology. 2010;137:321-8 pubmed publisher
  59. Nikolaev K, Sukhotin A, Galaktionov K. Infection patterns in white sea blue mussels Mytilus edulis of different age and size with metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Echinostomatidae) and Cercaria parvicaudata (Renicolidae). Dis Aquat Organ. 2006;71:51-8 pubmed
    ..This may be due to an enhanced pumping rate in large molluscs, which increases the probability of cercariae, free-living trematode larvae, infecting them via water currents...
  60. Tunholi V, Lustrino D, Tunholi Alves V, Mello Silva C, Maldonado A, Pinheiro J, et al. Biochemical profile of Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca: Gastropoda) after infection by Echinostoma paraensei (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;109:885-91 pubmed publisher
    ..This can be explained by damage due to penetration by the miracidia and subsequent development of intramolluscan sporocysts and rediae...
  61. Trelis M, Cortés A, Fried B, Marcilla A, Esteban J, Toledo R. Protective immunity against Echinostoma caproni in rats is induced by Syphacia muris infection. Int J Parasitol. 2013;43:453-63 pubmed publisher
    ..in Wistar rats on a superimposed infection with the intestinal trematode, Echinostoma caproni (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae). The results indicate that in the rats, infection with S...
  62. Morley N, Leung K, Morritt D, Crane M. Toxicity of anti-fouling biocides to encysted metacercariae of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) and their snail hosts. Chemosphere. 2004;56:353-8 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that parasite viability is interlinked with survival of the host snail. The mechanisms of differing toxicity between host species and its relevance to successful parasite transmission to the next host are discussed...
  63. Kostadinova A, Gibson D. A redescription of Uroproctepisthmium bursicola (Creplin, 1837) n. comb. (Digenea: Echinostomatidae), and re-evaluations of the genera Episthmium Lühe, 1909 and Uroproctepisthmium Fischthal & Kuntz, 1976. Syst Parasitol. 2001;50:63-7 pubmed
    ..proximum n. comb. The generic diagnosis of Uroproctepisthmium is redefined and Episthmium is tentatively retained as a synonym of Echinochasmus, following Odhner (1910), until a thorough revision of its constituent species is made...
  64. Moema E, King P, Baker C. Cercariae developing in Lymnaea natalensis Krauss, 1848 collected in the vicinity of Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South Africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2008;75:215-23 pubmed
    ..an avian parasite belonging to the family Schistosomatidae, an echinostomatid cercaria of the family Echinostomatidae, also avian parasites and a xiphidiocercaria of the family Plagiorchiidae which parasitise avians and ..
  65. Toledo R, Esteban J, Fried B. Chapter 3. Recent advances in the biology of echinostomes. Adv Parasitol. 2009;69:147-204 pubmed publisher
    This chapter examines the significant literature on the biology of echinostomes. The members of the family Echinostomatidae are medically and veterinary-important parasitic flatworms that invade humans, domestic animals and wildlife and ..
  66. Voutilainen A. In vivo efficacy of praziquantel against Echinoparyphium aconiatum (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) parasitizing the great pond snails Lymnaea stagnalis (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae). Exp Parasitol. 2011;129:72-4 pubmed publisher
    ..aimed to determine whether praziquantel could reduce the production of Echinoparyphium aconiatum (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) cercariae in infected snails Lymnaea stagnalis (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) without killing the hosts...
  67. McFarland L, Mouritsen K, Poulin R. From first to second and back to first intermediate host: the unusual transmission route of Curtuteria australis (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). J Parasitol. 2003;89:625-8 pubmed
  68. Cech G, Molnár K, Székely C. Molecular biological studies of adult and metacercarial stages of Petasiger exaeretus Dietz, 1909 (Digenea: Echinostomatidae). Acta Vet Hung. 2017;65:198-207 pubmed publisher
    ..The sequences of the Type 1 metacercariae with three larger dorsal spines could not be identified with any of the known sequences from echinostomatid trematodes. ..
  69. Robinson S, Forbes M, Hebert C. Mercury in parasitic nematodes and trematodes and their double-crested cormorant hosts: bioaccumulation in the face of sequestration by nematodes. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:5439-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Nematodes were accumulating and thus sequestering some of their cormorant hosts' body burden of methyl mercury; however, they were not dramatically reducing their hosts' accumulation of methyl mercury...
  70. Leung T, Poulin R. Size-dependent pattern of metacercariae accumulation in Macomona liliana: the threshold for infection in a dead-end host. Parasitol Res. 2008;104:177-80 pubmed publisher
    ..liliana. However, due to the low infection intensity and population density of M. liliana, its overall impact as a sink for echinostome populations in the ecosystem is probably negligible...
  71. Loy C, Haas W. Prevalence of cercariae from Lymnaea stagnalis snails in a pond system in Southern Germany. Parasitol Res. 2001;87:878-82 pubmed
    ..17% in Trichobilharzia ocellata (43,441 L. stagnalis examined) and 0.24% in other Trichobilharzia species (4,245 Radix examined). Such low prevalences seem to be normal in areas where cercarial dermatitis occurs in humans...
  72. Morley N, Crane M, Lewis J. Toxic effects of cadmium and zinc on the transmission of Echinoparyphium recurvatum cercariae. J Helminthol. 2002;76:157-63 pubmed
    The toxicity of cadmium, zinc and Cd/Zn mixtures to the transmission of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) cercariae into the snail second intermediate hosts was investigated at concentrations ranging from 100 microg l-..
  73. Detwiler J, Zajac A, Minchella D, Belden L. Revealing cryptic parasite diversity in a definitive host: echinostomes in muskrats. J Parasitol. 2012;98:1148-55 pubmed publisher
    ..By linking molecular, morphological, and life history information, we can better understand parasite diversity...
  74. Tompkins D, Mouritsen K, Poulin R. Parasite-induced surfacing in the cockle Austrovenus stuchburyi: adaptation or not?. J Evol Biol. 2004;17:247-56 pubmed
  75. Marino J, Werner E. Synergistic effects of predators and trematode parasites on larval green frog (Rana clamitans) survival. Ecology. 2013;94:2697-708 pubmed
    ..Here, we examined the combined effects of trematode parasites (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) and odonate (Anax) predators on the survival of larval green frogs (Rana clamitans)...
  76. Huffman J, Fried B. The biology of Echinoparyphium (Trematoda, Echinostomatidae). Acta Parasitol. 2012;57:199-210 pubmed publisher
    ..The influence of environmental factors, and toxic pollutants, are reviewed as well as studies on the pathology of Echinoparyphium...
  77. Morley N, Adam M, Lewis J. The effects of host size and temperature on the emergence of Echinoparyphium recurvatum cercariae from Lymnaea peregra under natural light conditions. J Helminthol. 2010;84:317-26 pubmed publisher
    ..The emergence of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) cercariae from Lymnaea peregra was studied under natural sunlight conditions, using naturally infected ..