wuchereria

Summary

Summary: A genus of filarial nematodes.

Top Publications

  1. Burkot T, Molineaux L, Graves P, Paru R, Battistutta D, Dagoro H, et al. The prevalence of naturally acquired multiple infections of Wuchereria bancrofti and human malarias in anophelines. Parasitology. 1990;100 Pt 3:369-75 pubmed
    ..Malaria-positive Anopheles punctulatus from resting catches had a significantly greater number of Stage 3 Wuchereria bancrofti larvae than malaria-negative mosquitoes...
  2. Bryan J, McMahon P, Barnes A. Factors affecting transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by anopheline mosquitoes. 3. Uptake and damage to ingested microfilariae by Anopheles gambiae, An. arabiensis, An. merus and An. funestus in east Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1990;84:265-8 pubmed
    Laboratory observations were made on the uptake of microfilariae (mf) of Wuchereria bancrofti by Anopheles gambiae, An. arabiensis, An. merus and An. funestus...
  3. Kapila K, Verma K. Gravid adult female worms of Wuchereria bancrofti in fine needle aspirates of soft tissue swellings. Report of three cases. Acta Cytol. 1989;33:390-2 pubmed
    Gravid adult female worms of Wuchereria bancrofti were observed in fine needle aspirates of soft tissue swellings from three patients...
  4. Lowrie R, Eberhard M, Lammie P, Raccurt C, Katz S, Duverseau Y. Uptake and development of Wuchereria bancrofti in Culex quinquefasciatus that fed on Haitian carriers with different microfilaria densities. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989;41:429-35 pubmed
    ..of Culex quinquefasciatus was assessed after bloodfeeding on 61 Haitian volunteers with different densities of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae (mf) and on 11 that were amicrofilaremic...
  5. Santhanam S, Kumar H, Sethumadhavan K, Chandrasekharan A, Jain D, Malhotra A, et al. Detection of Wuchereria bancrofti antigen in serum and finger prick blood samples by enzyme immunoassay: field evaluation. Trop Med Parasitol. 1989;40:440-4 pubmed
    ..immunoassay for detection of filarial antigen in human serum is sensitive and specific for active infection with Wuchereria bancrofti...
  6. Bryan J, Southgate B. Factors affecting transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by anopheline mosquitoes. 2. Damage to ingested microfilariae by mosquito foregut armatures and development of filarial larvae in mosquitoes. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1988;82:138-45 pubmed
    Microfilariae (mf) of Wuchereria bancrofti from the midgut of 639 Anopheles gambiae, 557 An. arabiensis, 117 An. melas and 9 An. funestus were examined immediately after the mosquitoes had fed on carriers with different densities of mf...
  7. Lowichik A, Lowrie R. Uptake and development of Wuchereria bancrofti in Aedes aegypti and Haitian Culex quinquefasciatus that were fed on a monkey with low-density microfilaremia. Trop Med Parasitol. 1988;39:227-9 pubmed
    ..fed on a patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) that had been experimentally infected with the Haitian strain of Wuchereria bancrofti and harbored a consistently low microfilaremia (1-3 mf per 20 mm3)...
  8. Cross J, Hsu M. Development of Brugia malayi in Mongolian gerbils previously exposed to Wuchereria bancrofti. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1987;18:183-5 pubmed
    Twelve Mongolian gerbils, Meriones unguiculatus, were infected with 100 third-stage larvae of Wuchereria bancrofti. One month later these animals, along with 4 control animals, were given 100 third-stage larvae of Brugia malayi...
  9. Toothong T, Tipayamongkholgul M, Suwannapong N, Suvannadabba S. Evaluation of mass drug administration in the program to control imported lymphatic filariasis in Thailand. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:975 pubmed publisher
    ..Because of the high prevalence of Imported Bancroftian Filariasis (IBF) caused by nocturnally periodic Wuchereria bancrofti and the intensive movement of immigrant workers from endemic areas, Thailand has implemented two doses ..

More Information

Publications109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Okorie P, de Souza D. Prospects, drawbacks and future needs of xenomonitoring for the endpoint evaluation of lymphatic filariasis elimination programs in Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2016;110:90-7 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a debilitating disease caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori parasitic worms and transmitted by Culex, Anopheles, Aedes and Mansonia mosquitoes...
  2. Dyab A, Galal L, Mahmoud A, Mokhtar Y. Finding Wolbachia in Filarial larvae and Culicidae Mosquitoes in Upper Egypt Governorate. Korean J Parasitol. 2016;54:265-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The simultaneous detection of Wolbachia and filarial parasites (Wuchereria bancrofti, Dirofilaria immitis, and Dirofilaria repens) by multiplex PCR was spotted in 5 out of 6 pools, with ..
  3. Jongthawin J, Intapan P, Lulitanond V, Sanpool O, Thanchomnang T, Sadaow L, et al. Detection and quantification of Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi DNA in blood samples and mosquitoes using duplex droplet digital polymerase chain reaction. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:2967-72 pubmed publisher
    ..A duplex droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) was conducted to differentiate and quantify Wuchereria bancrofti DNA by targeting the long DNA repeat (LDR) element and Brugia malayi DNA by targeting the HhaI element ..
  4. Panditi S, Shelke A, Thummalakunta L. "Filarial dance sign" real-time ultrasound diagnosis of filarial oophoritis. J Clin Ultrasound. 2016;44:500-1 pubmed publisher
    Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by Filarial nematodes (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori) that commonly causes lymphatic obstruction resulting in edema and increase in the size of the affected organ...
  5. Lagatie O, Merino M, Batsa Debrah L, Debrah A, Stuyver L. An isothermal DNA amplification method for detection of Onchocerca volvulus infection in skin biopsies. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:624 pubmed
    ..Evaluation of cross-reactivity with the heterologous sequence from the closely related parasites Wuchereria bancrofti, Loa loa and Brugia malayi demonstrated strong specificity, as none of these sequences was amplified...
  6. Irish S, Stevens W, Derua Y, Walker T, Cameron M. Comparison of Methods for Xenomonitoring in Vectors of Lymphatic Filariasis in Northeastern Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;93:983-9 pubmed publisher
    Monitoring Wuchereria bancrofti infection in mosquitoes (xenomonitoring) can play an important role in determining when lymphatic filariasis has been eliminated, or in focusing control efforts...
  7. Colebunders R, Mandro M, Mokili J, Mucinya G, Mambandu G, Pfarr K, et al. Risk factors for epilepsy in Bas-Uélé Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo: a case-control study. Int J Infect Dis. 2016;49:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..02) were all independently associated with epilepsy. Blood screening by specific PCR tests for Toxoplasma and Wuchereria bancrofti was negative in all cases and controls...
  8. Kumar R. Microfilariae in lymph node aspirate associated with metastatic gastric carcinoma: a case report. Acta Cytol. 2010;54:319-20 pubmed
    Microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti inhabit peripheral blood, and nocturnal periodicity is observed in the Indian subcontinent...
  9. Kouassi B, de Souza D, Goepogui A, Narh C, King S, Mamadou B, et al. Assessing the presence of Wuchereria bancrofti in vector and human populations from urban communities in Conakry, Guinea. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:492 pubmed publisher
    ..The prevalence of circulating filarial antigen (CFA) of Wuchereria bancrofti was assessed by an immuno-chromatography test (ICT) in people recruited from all five districts of ..
  10. Tummidi S, Patro M, Bal A, Choudhury A. Microfilariae in a bone marrow aspirate. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9:256 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Wuchereria bancrofti is the most common parasite causing lymphatic filariasis in India...
  11. McCoy C, Reaves B, Giguere S, Coates R, Rada B, Wolstenholme A. Human Leukocytes Kill Brugia malayi Microfilariae Independently of DNA-Based Extracellular Trap Release. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005279 pubmed publisher
    b>Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori infect over 100 million people worldwide and are the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis...
  12. Al Abd N, Nor Z, Junaid Q, Mansor M, Hasan M, Kassim M. Antifilarial activity of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on Brugia pahangi in vitro and in vivo. Pathog Glob Health. 2017;111:388-394 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a vector borne disease caused by parasitic worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori, which are transmitted by mosquitoes...
  13. Barman N, Palese M. Robotic surgery for treatment of chyluria. J Robot Surg. 2016;10:1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Chyluria is most commonly caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and is therefore extremely rare in the USA...
  14. Chesnais C, Vlaminck J, Kunyu Shako B, Pion S, Awaca Uvon N, Weil G, et al. Measurement of Circulating Filarial Antigen Levels in Human Blood with a Point-of-Care Test Strip and a Portable Spectrodensitometer. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016;94:1324-9 pubmed publisher
    The Alere Filariasis Test Strip (FTS) is a qualitative, point-of-care diagnostic tool that detects Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigen (CFA) in human blood, serum, or plasma...
  15. Lenka S, Panda N, Mishra S, Rathor K. Filariasis in Mandible and Maxilla: A Rare Entity-First Report of a Case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;75:769.e1-769.e4 pubmed publisher
    b>Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori, categorized as nematodes, are responsible for causing lymphatic filariasis...
  16. Wanji S, Amvongo Adjia N, Koudou B, Njouendou A, Chounna Ndongmo P, Kengne Ouafo J, et al. Cross-Reactivity of Filariais ICT Cards in Areas of Contrasting Endemicity of Loa loa and Mansonella perstans in Cameroon: Implications for Shrinking of the Lymphatic Filariasis Map in the Central African Region. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9:e0004184 pubmed publisher
    Immunochromatographic card test (ICT) is a tool to map the distribution of Wuchereria bancrofti. In areas highly endemic for loaisis in DRC and Cameroon, a relationship has been envisaged between high L...
  17. Endeshaw T, Taye A, Tadesse Z, Katabarwa M, Shafi O, Seid T, et al. Presence of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaremia despite 7 years of annual ivermectin monotherapy mass drug administration for onchocerciasis control: a study in north-west Ethiopia. Pathog Glob Health. 2015;109:344-51 pubmed publisher
    ..in a mapping exercise using immunochromatography tests) ranging from 23 to 56% were surveyed for the presence of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaria (mf) in 2012...
  18. Diaz J. Ocular Filariasis in US Residents, Returning Travelers, and Expatriates. J La State Med Soc. 2015;167:172-6 pubmed
    ..Microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and O. volvulus may traverse the eye, but can usually be treated medically...
  19. Kushwaha V, Saxena K, Verma R, Verma S, Katoch D, Kumar N, et al. Antifilarial activity of diterpenoids from Taxodium distichum. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:312 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori, is a debilitating disease with an adverse social and economic impact...
  20. Arunkumar C, Pandiaraja P, Prince P, Kaliraj P. Immunological characterization of recombinant Wuchereria bancrofti cuticular collagen (COL-4) as putative vaccine candidate for human lymphatic filariasis. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014;7:505-12 pubmed publisher
    To elucidate immunoprophylactic potential of recombinant Wuchereria bancrofti (W. bancrofti) cuticular collagen (COL-4) in BALB/c mice and filarial clinical samples. col-4 gene was PCR amplified from W...
  21. Lemnge M, Mmbando B, Segeja M, Gesase S, Bygbjerg I. Impact of insecticide treated mosquito nets and low dose monthly diethylcarbamazine on lymphatic filariasis infection between 1999 and 2004 in two endemic communities of north-eastern Tanzania. Tanzan J Health Res. 2012;14:166-74 pubmed
    ..Four annual cross-sectional surveys were conducted between 1999 and 2004 in the two villages to screen for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae in individuals aged ≥ 1 year...
  22. Kroidl I, Saathoff E, Maganga L, Makunde W, Hoerauf A, Geldmacher C, et al. Effect of Wuchereria bancrofti infection on HIV incidence in southwest Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2016;388:1912-1920 pubmed publisher
    ..In view of this, we assessed the effect of lymphatic filariasis, a chronic helminth disease elicited by Wuchereria bancrofti, on HIV incidence in southwest Tanzania...
  23. Dorkenoo M, de Souza D, Apetogbo Y, Oboussoumi K, Yehadji D, Tchalim M, et al. Molecular xenomonitoring for post-validation surveillance of lymphatic filariasis in Togo: no evidence for active transmission. Parasit Vectors. 2018;11:52 pubmed publisher
    ..Collected mosquitoes were identified morphologically, and the identification of Wuchereria bancrofti DNA in the mosquitoes was based on the pool screening method, using the LAMP assay...
  24. Yahathugoda T, Supali T, Rao R, Djuardi Y, Stefani D, Pical F, et al. A comparison of two tests for filarial antigenemia in areas in Sri Lanka and Indonesia with low-level persistence of lymphatic filariasis following mass drug administration. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:369 pubmed publisher
    ..The studies were performed in densely populated semi-urban areas where Wuchereria bancrofti is transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus...
  25. Panda D, Mohapatra D, Mohapatra M. Breast filariasis or inflammatory breast carcinoma? Reaching a diagnosis. BMJ Case Rep. 2015;2015: pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. Involvement of the breast is relatively uncommon and may affect only 10% of individuals with lymphatic filariasis...
  26. Aljayyoussi G, Tyrer H, Ford L, Sjoberg H, Pionnier N, Waterhouse D, et al. Short-Course, High-Dose Rifampicin Achieves Wolbachia Depletion Predictive of Curative Outcomes in Preclinical Models of Lymphatic Filariasis and Onchocerciasis. Sci Rep. 2017;7:210 pubmed publisher
    ..treatment with substantial curative activity against the filarial nematodes responsible for LF (Brugia malayi, Wuchereria bancrofti) or onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus) is doxycycline...
  27. Pion S, Montavon C, Chesnais C, Kamgno J, Wanji S, Klion A, et al. Positivity of Antigen Tests Used for Diagnosis of Lymphatic Filariasis in Individuals Without Wuchereria bancrofti Infection But with High Loa loa Microfilaremia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016;95:1417-1423 pubmed
    Since the mid-2000s, the immunochromatographic card test (ICT), a point-of-care test for detecting Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigens (CFAs), has been the backbone for mapping and monitoring lymphatic filariasis (LF) ..
  28. Jha R, Gangwar M, Chahar D, Setty Balakrishnan A, Negi M, Misra Bhattacharya S. Humans from Wuchereria bancrofti endemic area elicit substantial immune response to proteins of the filarial parasite Brugia malayi and its endosymbiont Wolbachia. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:40 pubmed publisher
  29. Moustafa M, Salamah M, Thabet H, Tawfik R, Mehrez M, Hamdy D. Molecular xenomonitoring (MX) and transmission assessment survey (TAS) of lymphatic filariasis elimination in two villages, Menoufyia Governorate, Egypt. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017;36:1143-1150 pubmed publisher
    ..mosquito pools collected from Samalay and 167 from Kafr El-Tarainah were tested for the presence of the gDNA of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaria by real-time PCR assays...
  30. Venâncio T, Oliveira L, Ellena J, Boechat N, Brown S. Probing intermolecular interactions in a diethylcarbamazine citrate salt by fast MAS 1H solid-state NMR spectroscopy and GIPAW calculations. Solid State Nucl Magn Reson. 2017;87:73-79 pubmed publisher
    ..interactions in a diethylcarbamazine salt, that is widely used as a treatment against adult worms of Wuchereria bancrofti which cause a common disease in tropical countries named filariasis...
  31. Mendu D, Sternlicht H, Ramanathan L, Pessin M, Fleisher M, Dalbagni G, et al. Two cases of spontaneous remission of non-parasitic chyluria. Clin Biochem. 2017;50:886-888 pubmed publisher
    ..The disease is most prevalent in South East Asian countries mostly caused by parasitic (Wuchereria bancrofti) infections. Our objective was to investigate the spontaneous remission of non-parasitic chyluria...
  32. Debrah L, Albers A, Debrah A, Brockschmidt F, Becker T, Herold C, et al. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the angiogenic and lymphangiogenic pathways are associated with lymphedema caused by Wuchereria bancrofti. Hum Genomics. 2017;11:26 pubmed publisher
    ..The SNP associations found in the MMP-2, CEACAM-1, and VEGFR-3 genes indicate that angiogenic/lymphangiogenic pathways are important in LE clinical development. ..
  33. Coulibaly Y, Coulibaly S, Dolo H, Konate S, Diallo A, Doumbia S, et al. Dynamics of antigenemia and transmission intensity of Wuchereria bancrofti following cessation of mass drug administration in a formerly highly endemic region of Mali. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:628 pubmed
    After seven annual rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) in six Malian villages highly endemic for Wuchereria bancrofti (overall prevalence rate of 42.7%), treatment was discontinued in 2008...
  34. Raveendran R. Lymph Node Enlargement in Neck Filariasis as a Rare Cause: A Case Report. Iran J Med Sci. 2017;42:493-496 pubmed
    ..i>Wuchereria bancrofti is the main etiological agent responsible...
  35. Njenga S, Kanyi H, Mutungi F, Okoyo C, Matendechero H, Pullan R, et al. Assessment of lymphatic filariasis prior to re-starting mass drug administration campaigns in coastal Kenya. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:99 pubmed publisher
    ..During the day, the point-of-care immunochromatographic test (ICT) was used to detect the presence of Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigen in finger prick blood samples collected from residents of the selected ..
  36. Muhammad A, Funmilola A, Aimola I, Ndams I, Inuwa M, Nok A. Kolaviron shows anti-proliferative effect and down regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-C and toll like receptor-2 in Wuchereria bancrofti infected blood lymphocytes. J Infect Public Health. 2017;10:661-666 pubmed publisher
    ..effect and down regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor C and toll like receptor-2 by kolaviron on Wuchereria bancrofti infected peripheral blood lymphocytes were investigated...
  37. Mukherjee S, Mukherjee S, Maiti T, Bhattacharya S, Sinha Babu S. A Novel Ligand of Toll-like Receptor 4 From the Sheath of Wuchereria bancrofti Microfilaria Induces Proinflammatory Response in Macrophages. J Infect Dis. 2017;215:954-965 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis, frequently caused from Wuchereria bancrofti infection, is endemic in several parts of the globe and responsible for human health problems and socioeconomic loss to a large extent...
  38. Luo Q, Hao Y, Meng F, Li T, Ding Y, Hua Y, et al. The mitochondrial genomes of Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex pipiens pallens (Diptera: Culicidae) and comparison analysis with two other Culex species. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:406 pubmed publisher
    Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex pipiens pallens are the major vectors of the Japanese encephalitis virus and Wuchereria bancrofti, the causative agent of filariasis...
  39. Jones C, Ngasalla B, Derua Y, Tarimo D, Malecela M. Lymphatic filariasis elimination efforts in Rufiji, southeastern Tanzania: decline in circulating filarial antigen prevalence in young school children after twelve rounds of mass drug administration and utilization of long-lasting insecticide-treated. Int J Infect Dis. 2017;61:38-43 pubmed publisher
    ..is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors, and in Sub-Saharan Africa it is caused by the nematode Wuchereria bancrofti...
  40. Tummidi S, Kothari K, Patil R, Singhal S, Keshan P. Incidental detection of two adult gravid filarial worms in breast: a case report. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:412 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Wuchereria bancrofti is the commonest filarial infection...
  41. Kar S, Dwibedi B, Das B, Agrawala B, Ramachandran C, Horton J. Lymphatic pathology in asymptomatic and symptomatic children with Wuchereria bancrofti infection in children from Odisha, India and its reversal with DEC and albendazole treatment. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005631 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied a Wuchereria bancrofti infected population, the major contributor to LF globally...
  42. Chatterjee S, Rudra S, Azmi S, Bandyopadhyay R. Phylogenetic study based on 28S rRNA gene sequencing of Wuchereria bancrofti isolated from the filaria endemic areas of Bankura district, West Bengal, India. J Parasit Dis. 2017;41:981-986 pubmed publisher
    ..i>Wuchereria bancrofti is the causative organism and Culex quinquefasciatus is the main vector of lymphatic ..
  43. Moss D, Chard A, Trinies V, Doumbia S, Freeman M, Lammie P. Serological Responses to Filarial Antigens in Malian Children Attending Elementary Schools. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96:229-232 pubmed publisher
    ..immunoglobulin (Ig) G from the DBS was assessed by a multiplex bead assay (MBA) for two filariasis antigens, Wuchereria bancrofti, Wb123, and Brugia malayi, Bm14, to determine the effectiveness of mass drug administration (MDA) ..
  44. Immanuel C, Ramanathan A, Balasubramaniyan M, Khatri V, Amdare N, Rao D, et al. Immunoprophylaxis of multi-antigen peptide (MAP) vaccine for human lymphatic filariasis. Immunol Res. 2017;65:729-738 pubmed publisher
    Human lymphatic filariasis, the parasitic disease caused by the filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori, is ranked as the second most complex clinical condition leading to permanent and long-term ..
  45. Khowawisetsut L, Sarasombath P, Thammapalo S, Loymek S, Korbarsa T, Nochote H, et al. Therapeutic trial of doxycyclin plus ivermectin for the treatment of Brugia malayi naturally infected cats. Vet Parasitol. 2017;245:42-47 pubmed publisher
    ..LF is caused by filarial nematode parasites, i.e. Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori...
  46. Derua Y, Rumisha S, Batengana B, Max D, Stanley G, Kisinza W, et al. Lymphatic filariasis transmission on Mafia Islands, Tanzania: Evidence from xenomonitoring in mosquito vectors. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005938 pubmed publisher
    ..LF) is a chronic nematode infection transmitted by mosquitoes and in sub-Saharan Africa it is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti...
  47. Abdel Shafi I, Shoieb E, Attia S, Rubio J, Ta Tang T, El Badry A. Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of Wuchereria bancrofti from human blood samples in Egypt. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:963-970 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a serious vector-borne health problem, and Wuchereria bancrofti (W.b) is the major cause of LF worldwide and is focally endemic in Egypt...
  48. Pion S, Chesnais C, Weil G, Fischer P, Missamou F, Boussinesq M. Effect of 3 years of biannual mass drug administration with albendazole on lymphatic filariasis and soil-transmitted helminth infections: a community-based study in Republic of the Congo. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017;17:763-769 pubmed publisher
    ..Infection with Wuchereria bancrofti was diagnosed with a rapid card immunochromatographic test for antigenaemia...
  49. Singh A, Kumari S. Filariasis Presenting As Bone Marrow Suppression. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2016;28:609-610 pubmed
    Lymphatic filariasis is caused by most commonly Wuchereria bancrofti in India. The diagnosis is made by demonstration of microfilariae in the peripheral blood, body fluids, fine needle aspirates and in bronchial brushings...
  50. Kurniawan A, Sartono E, Setiowati W, Supali T, Wibowo H, Purnomo -, et al. Ivermectin and diethylcarbamazine trials in leaf monkeys (Presbytis cristatus) infected with Wuchereria kalimantani. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1992;23:288-92 pubmed
    ..200 mg/kg body weight for 5 consecutive days were performed in leaf monkeys (Presbytis cristatus) infected with Wuchereria kalimantani. Optimal microfilaricidal effect occurred at 200 mg/kg body weight...
  51. Zheng H, Tao Z, Cheng W, Piessens W. Comparison of Dot-ELISA with Sandwich-ELISA for the detection of circulating antigens in patients with bancroftian filariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1990;42:546-9 pubmed
    ..Additionally, the Dot-ELISA does not require radioactivity or sophisticated equipment and, therefore, can be performed in virtually all filariasis-endemic areas...
  52. Weil G, Liftis F. Identification and partial characterization of a parasite antigen in sera from humans infected with Wuchereria bancrofti. J Immunol. 1987;138:3035-41 pubmed
    ..and characterize soluble parasite antigens present in sera from humans infected with the filarial nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. Affinity chromatography and immunoblot methods were used to demonstrate a 200,000 m.w...
  53. Fadiel A, Lithwick S, Wanas M, Cuticchia A. Influence of intercodon and base frequencies on codon usage in filarial parasites. Genomics. 2001;74:197-210 pubmed
    ..Since all of these sequence biases were observed in a relatively consistent fashion among all of the organisms studied, we conclude that sequence bias is a genetic characteristic, which is associated with multiple filarial genera...
  54. Long G, Rickman L, Cross J. Rapid diagnosis of Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis by an acridine orange/microhematocrit tube technique. J Parasitol. 1990;76:278-81 pubmed
    ..nuclei and long cephalic space of Brugia malayi, as well as the short cephalic space and caudal nuclei of Wuchereria bancrofti, were easily recognized and differentiated from each other...
  55. Eberhard M, Lammie P. Laboratory diagnosis of filariasis. Clin Lab Med. 1991;11:977-1010 pubmed
    ..Considerable space is devoted to identifying and separating microfilarial from nonparasite objects, and the evaluation of morphologic features, including size, shape, and internal anatomy is stressed...
  56. De Souza W, Souto Padron T, Dreyer G, de Andrade L. Fine structure and localization of anionic sites on the surface of microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol. 1989;21:121-9 pubmed
    The fine structure of the sheath and the cuticle of microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti was analysed and the results obtained were compared with those from other filarial parasites...
  57. Franke E, Riberu W, Wiady I. In vitro cultivation of third stage larvae of Wuchereria bancrofti to the fourth stage. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1987;37:370-5 pubmed
    Third stage larvae of Wuchereria bancrofti obtained from laboratory-infected mosquitoes grew and molted to the fourth stage in vitro...
  58. Theodorides J. [Former observations of urinary bilharziasis and wuchereriosis]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1994;87:191-3 pubmed
    ..1866; Lewis, 1870 and Bancroft 1876 who observed microfilariae and filariae of the Nematode presently named Wuchereria bancrofti in the blood and lymph of the patients)...
  59. Hise A, Daehnel K, Gillette Ferguson I, Cho E, McGarry H, Taylor M, et al. Innate immune responses to endosymbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in Brugia malayi and Onchocerca volvulus are dependent on TLR2, TLR6, MyD88, and Mal, but not TLR4, TRIF, or TRAM. J Immunol. 2007;178:1068-76 pubmed
    ..These results establish that the innate inflammatory pathways activated by endosymbiotic Wolbachia in B. malayi and O. volvulus filaria are dependent on TLR2-TLR6 interactions and are mediated by adaptor molecules MyD88 and TIRAP/Mal...
  60. Chakraborty S, Gurusamy M, Zawieja D, Muthuchamy M. Lymphatic filariasis: perspectives on lymphatic remodeling and contractile dysfunction in filarial disease pathogenesis. Microcirculation. 2013;20:349-64 pubmed publisher
  61. Parab P, Rajasekariah G, Carvalho P, Subrahmanyam D. Differential recognition of Brugia malayi antigens by bancroftian filariasis sera. Indian J Med Res. 1990;91:138-43 pubmed
    Individuals residing in an area endemic to Wuchereria bancrofti infection were broadly categorised as endemic normals (EN), microfilaraemics (mf + ve) and elephantoids i.e., chronic lymphatic filariasis (EL)...
  62. Werner C, Higashi G, Yates J, Rajan T. Differential recognition of two cloned Brugia malayi antigens by antibody class. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1989;35:209-18 pubmed
    ..We thus identify specific filarial proteins against which the infected human host responds preferentially with antibodies of a specific immunoglobulin class...
  63. Khamboonruang C, Thitasut P, Pan In S, Morakote N, Choochote W, Somboon P, et al. Filariasis in Tak Province, northwest Thailand: the presence of subperiodic variant Wuchereria bancrofti. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1987;18:218-22 pubmed
    ..bancrofti microfilaria. The microfilarial periodicity as determined from four carriers was found to be nocturnally (early evening) subperiodic type showing a distinct peak at 1800 hours...
  64. Rama Prasad P, Harinath B. Fractionation and characterization of urinary filarial antigen in bancroftian filariasis. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 1987;5:173-8 pubmed
    ..As little as 0.01 pg antigenic protein per test was found to be sufficient for the detection of filarial antibody in ELISA. Biochemical characterization indicated a glycoprotein nature of UFA C2...
  65. Dassanayake R, Chandrasekharan N, Karunanayake E. Trans-spliced leader RNA, 5S-rRNA genes and novel variant orphan spliced-leader of the lymphatic filarial nematode Wuchereria bancrofti, and a sensitive polymerase chain reaction based detection assay. Gene. 2001;269:185-93 pubmed
    A genomic library of Wuchereria bancrofti was examined for the presence of the 22 nucleotide spliced leader (SL) which plays a vital role in the maturation of the 5' end of certain mRNAs through the addition of a small spliced leader (SL) ..
  66. Rajkumar M, Wright S, Aslanzadeh J. Case report and brief commentary: Wuchereria bancrofti and Onchocerca volvulus co-infection in a refugee from Sierra Leone. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2005;35:199-201 pubmed
    ..We report a case of co-infection of Wuchereria bancrofti and Onchocerca volvulus that was diagnosed by direct blood smear (W. bancrofti ) and serology (O...
  67. Uni S, Mat Udin A, Agatsuma T, Saijuntha W, Junker K, Ramli R, et al. Morphological and molecular characteristics of Malayfilaria sofiani Uni, Mat Udin & Takaoka n. g., n. sp. (Nematoda: Filarioidea) from the common treeshrew Tupaia glis Diard & Duvaucel (Mammalia: Scandentia) in Peninsular Malaysia. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:194 pubmed publisher
    The filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877), Brugia malayi (Brug, 1927) and B. timori Partono, Purnomo, Dennis, Atmosoedjono, Oemijati & Cross, 1977 cause lymphatic diseases in humans in the tropics, while B...
  68. Souto Padron T, Dreyer G, de Andrade L, De Souza W. Immunocytochemical localization of surface antigens in microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti. J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol. 1990;22:47-52 pubmed
    Antigenic sites were localized on the surface structure (sheath and cuticle) of microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti using sera from microfilaraemic and amicrofilaraemic patients using antibodies associated to colloidal gold particles ..
  69. Romia S, Abou Zakham A, Rezk H, Abou Shady A. Immunodiagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 1990;20:235-41 pubmed
    ..IFAT gave the highest sensitivity and specificity, while IHAT was the least one. ELISA is simple, sensitive and can be used in seroepidemiological studies...
  70. Beaver P. Intraocular filariasis: a brief review. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989;40:40-5 pubmed
    ..Three of these were identified as Dipetalonema spp., and one each as Wuchereria, Dirofilaria, and Loaina...
  71. Reddy M, Parkhe K, Piessens W, Harinath B. Wb E34 monoclonal antibody: further characterization and diagnostic use in bancroftian filariasis. J Clin Lab Anal. 1989;3:277-81 pubmed
    The Wb E34 monoclonal antibody raised against Wuchereria bancrofti microfilarial excretory secretory (mf ES) antigen was reported to be useful in detecting the filarial antigen in W. bancrofti and Brugia malayi infected sera...
  72. Ravindran B, Satapathy A, Pattnaik N. Antibodies to diethylcarbamazine cross-react with microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti. Immunol Lett. 1988;17:7-11 pubmed
    ..antibodies to diethylcarbamazine (DEC, the most commonly used anti-filarial drug) cross-react with the sheath of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae...
  73. Lunde M, Paranjape R, Lawley T, Ottesen E. Filarial antigen in circulating immune complexes from patients with Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1988;38:366-71 pubmed
    ..complexes from 10 of 28 patients with bancroftian filariasis residing in either the Cook Islands (subperiodic Wuchereria bancrofti) or India (periodic W. bancrofti)...
  74. Prasad G, Harinath B. Analysis, characterization, and diagnostic utility of filarial antigen fractions isolated from immune complexes in bancroftian filariasis. Diagn Clin Immunol. 1988;5:269-75 pubmed
    ..IC-9 fraction appears to be useful in serological differentiation of Wuchereria bancrofti infected persons from those with disease manifestations...
  75. Kumar H, Malhotra A, Santhanam S, Jain D, Ghosh T. Evaluation of specific humoral immune responses in human filariasis. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 1987;34:249-54 pubmed
    ..Of the two antigens used, B. malayi adult antigen was found to be superior to D. immitis antigen in the detection of filarial antibodies...
  76. King C, Hakimi J, Shata M, Medhat A. IL-12 regulation of parasite antigen-driven IgE production in human helminth infections. J Immunol. 1995;155:454-61 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates that IL-12 modulates helminth Ag-driven IgE production, in part, by regulating the relative quantities of IFN-gamma and IL-4 generated by Ag-specific lymphocytes...
  77. Siriyasatien P, Tangthongchaiwiriya K, Jariyapan N, Kaewsaitiam S, Poovorawan Y, Thavara U. Analysis of salivary gland proteins of the mosquito Armigeres subalbatus. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2005;36:64-7 pubmed
    ..The 21 and 65 kDa bands were found only in the distal lateral region of the mosquito salivary gland and were depleted after the female mosquito took a blood meal...
  78. Steel C, Nutman T. Altered T cell memory and effector cell development in chronic lymphatic filarial infection that is independent of persistent parasite antigen. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e19197 pubmed publisher
    ..The fact that these global changes in memory and effector cell compartments do not yet occur in infected children makes early treatment of LF even more crucial...
  79. Gad A, Feinsod F, Soliman B, el Said S. Survival estimates for adult Culex pipiens in the Nile Delta. Acta Trop. 1989;46:173-9 pubmed
    In an endemic area for Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis in the Nile Delta, survival of adult female Culex pipiens was estimated by parity rate, mosquito infection and infectivity rates...
  80. Swamy K. Filarial parasites exhibit unusually high levels of choline acetyltransferase activity. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1989;35:259-68 pubmed
    ..The enzyme was also present in appreciably high levels in microfilariae of Brugia species, L. carinii and Wuchereria bancrofti...
  81. Dissanayake S. Microfilaraemia, serum antibody and development of clinical disease in microfilaraemic subjects infected with Wuchereria bancrofti and treated with diethylcarbamazine citrate. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989;83:384-8 pubmed
    ..The findings of follow-up investigations of microfilaraemic subjects were compatible with the notion that microfilaraemia does not necessarily lead to clinical disease...
  82. Roberts D. Application of biotechnology in the identification of filarial larva in mosquitoes. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1988;19:87-9 pubmed
    ..With today's technology, we can reasonably expect development of rapid, sensitive and specific assays for detecting and identifying filariae in naturally infected mosquito populations. Progress in developing such assays is reviewed...
  83. Udonsi J. Bancroftian filariasis in the Igwun Basin, Nigeria. An epidemiological, parasitological, and clinical study in relation to the transmission dynamics. Acta Trop. 1988;45:171-9 pubmed
    ..gambiae s.I. and C. pipiens s.I., respectively. Their respective mean infection rates were 21.7% for A. gambiae s.I. and 22.7% for C. pipiens s.I.; with microfilarial densities of 4.1 and 6.6.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  84. Ramaprasad P, Prasad G, Harinath B. Microfilaraemia, filarial antibody, antigen and immune complex levels in human filariasis before, during and after DEC therapy. A two-year follow-up. Acta Trop. 1988;45:245-55 pubmed
    ..Parasitological and immunoscreening at the end of 2 years showed that the presence of mf ES antigen in blood correlated with the appearance of microfilariae in blood...
  85. Maizels R, Morgan T, Gregory W, Selkirk M, Purnomo -, Sukartono -, et al. Circulating antibodies and antigens in Presbytis monkeys infected with the filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. Trop Med Parasitol. 1988;39:214-20 pubmed
    ..targets, were measured over the course of experimental infection of three Presbytis cristatus monkeys with Wuchereria bancrofti...
  86. Weil G, Sethumadhavan K, Santhanam S, Jain D, Ghosh T. Persistence of parasite antigenemia following diethylcarbamazine therapy of bancroftian filariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1988;38:589-95 pubmed
  87. Weil G, Jain D, Santhanam S, Malhotra A, Kumar H, Sethumadhavan K, et al. A monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassay for detecting parasite antigenemia in bancroftian filariasis. J Infect Dis. 1987;156:350-5 pubmed
    ..immunoassay for detecting soluble parasite antigen in sera collected in an area in South India endemic for Wuchereria bancrofti...
  88. Galtier J, Julvez J, Michault A, Isautier H. [Effectiveness of mass chemotherapy campaigns with diethylcarbamazine on blood microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti in Mayotte]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1987;80:826-33 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of microfilaremia was 1.9% as compared with 17.1% in 1981 in the conditions. The control measures were considered as quite satisfactory, and it was decided to continue mass chemotherapy together with vector control...
  89. Sharma P, Kumar N, Jain P, Gur R, Jain S. Chronic wuchereriasis presenting as a vaginoperineal fistula: report of a case with aspiration cytologic diagnosis. Acta Cytol. 2005;49:335-8 pubmed
    ..Filariasis is often an occult disease with myriad presentations. Cytology has an established role in diagnosing clinically unsuspected cases...
  90. Franke E, Riberu W, Wiady I. Evaluation of medium supplements for in vitro cultivation of Wuchereria bancrofti. J Parasitol. 1990;76:262-5 pubmed
    Third-stage larvae (L3) of Wuchereria bancrofti molt to the fourth stage in an in vitro culture medium composed of NCTC 135 and Iscove's modified Dulbecco's medium (1:1; v/v) supplemented with 10% human serum and a mixture of anti-..
  91. Carvalho P, Rajasekariah G, Desphande L, Parab P, Rao U, Subrahmanyam D. Evaluation of in vitro released Wuchereria bancrofti third stage larval antigens for detection of Bancroftian filariasis. Trop Med Parasitol. 1990;41:71-2 pubmed
    Three types of in vitro released excretory, secretory and metabolic antigens of Wuchereria bancrofti third larval stage (L3ESM) are evaluated in ELISA test to detect infected individuals in the endemic area...
  92. Theodore J, Kaliraj P. Isolation, purification and characterization of surface antigens of the bovine filarial parasite Setaria digitata for the immunodiagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. J Helminthol. 1990;64:105-14 pubmed
    ..were isolated by EDTA extraction and purified by affinity chromatography using sepharose bound human filarial (Wuchereria bancrofti) antibodies obtained from chronic human filarial sera...