Summary: A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder CAMALLANINA. Its organisms possess a poorly developed buccal cavity and a rudimentary esophagus and intestine.

Top Publications

  1. Knopf K, Wurtz J, Sures B, Taraschewski H. Impact of low water temperature on the development of Anguillicola crassus in the final host Anguilla anguilla. Dis Aquat Organ. 1998;33:143-9 pubmed
    ..The experimentally obtained results support the hypothesis that the spread of A. crassus in boreal regions, e.g. Northern Europe, is restricted by the natural ambient temperature regimes...
  2. Sures B, Knopf K, Taraschewski H. Development of Anguillicola crassus (Dracunculoidea, Anguillicolidae) in experimentally infected Balearic congers Ariosoma balearicum (Anguilloidea, Congridae). Dis Aquat Organ. 1999;39:75-8 pubmed
    ..Factors determining the definitive host range of A. crassus remain to be elucidated. Water salinity does not seem to act as a factor affecting definitive host specificity once the parasite has become ingested by the eel...
  3. Lefebvre F, Crivelli A. Anguillicolosis: dynamics of the infection over two decades. Dis Aquat Organ. 2004;62:227-32 pubmed
    ..e. the swimbladder, unsuitable for further A. crassus establishment. In support of this hypothesis, we showed that the infection rate is lower among eels with severely damaged swimbladders...
  4. Taraschewski H, Boomker J, Knopf K, Moravec F. Anguillicola papernai (Nematoda: Anguillicolidae) and other helminths parasitizing the African longfin eel Anguilla mossambica. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;63:185-95 pubmed
    ..In this study A. papernai has been experimentally demonstrated to be capable of reproducing in the European eel and of using European copepods as intermediate hosts...
  5. Moravec F, Nagasawa K, Miyakawa M. First record of ostracods as natural intermediate hosts of Anguillicola crassus, a pathogenic swimbladder parasite of eels Anguilla spp. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;66:171-3 pubmed
    ..This indicates that A. crassus could complete its life cycle under conditions of modern eel-culture technology where copepods were absent due to the unfavorable water quality for them, by utilizing ostracods as the intermediate host...
  6. Wijová M, Moravec F, Horak A, Lukes J. Evolutionary relationships of Spirurina (Nematoda: Chromadorea: Rhabditida) with special emphasis on dracunculoid nematodes inferred from SSU rRNA gene sequences. Int J Parasitol. 2006;36:1067-75 pubmed
    ..The analyses have shown that Dracunculoidea is a paraphyletic taxon and Anguillicolidae and Gnathostomatidae constitute the basal branch of the suborder ..
  7. Knopf K, Madriles Helm A, Lucius R, Bleiss W, Taraschewski H. Migratory response of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) phagocytes to the eel swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:1311-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, infection of European eels with A. crassus leads to an activation of the defence cells resulting in an increased migration activity compared to uninfected eels...
  8. Wielgoss S, Taraschewski H, Meyer A, Wirth T. Population structure of the parasitic nematode Anguillicola crassus, an invader of declining North Atlantic eel stocks. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:3478-95 pubmed publisher
  9. Laetsch D, Heitlinger E, Taraschewski H, Nadler S, Blaxter M. The phylogenetics of Anguillicolidae (Nematoda: Anguillicoloidea), swimbladder parasites of eels. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:60 pubmed publisher
    ..Anguillicolidae is part of Spirurina, a diverse clade made up of only animal parasites, but placement of the family within Spirurina is based on limited data...

More Information

Publications111 found, 100 shown here

  1. Beregi A, Molnar K, Békési L, Szekely C. Radiodiagnostic method for studying swimbladder inflammation caused by Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea). Dis Aquat Organ. 1998;34:155-60 pubmed
    ..Results obtained by radiography showed good agreement with dissection findings. Radiographic results are compared with pathological findings obtained from fish dissections separately for each severity grade of infection...
  2. Münderle M, Taraschewski H, Klar B, Chang C, Shiao J, Shen K, et al. Occurrence of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) in Japanese eels Anguilla japonica from a river and an aquaculture unit in SW Taiwan. Dis Aquat Organ. 2006;71:101-8 pubmed
    The infection by swimbladder nematodes of the genus Anguillicola (Dracunculoidea: Anguillicolidae) was examined in 2 populations of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica in SW Taiwan...
  3. Rockwell L, Jones K, Cone D. First record of Anguillicoloides crassus (Nematoda) in American eels (Anguilla rostrata) in Canadian estuaries, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. J Parasitol. 2009;95:483-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The occurrence of A. crassus at these 2 localities suggests the need for a more extensive survey on the distribution of this exotic parasite in eel populations throughout Cape Breton Island...
  4. Umberger C, de Buron I, Roumillat W, McElroy E. Effects of a muscle-infecting parasitic nematode on the locomotor performance of their fish host. J Fish Biol. 2013;82:1250-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The decrease in swimming velocity observed in smaller infected fish may be sufficient in rendering them more vulnerable to predation and environmental stressors. ..
  5. Seguin G, Bouchard F, Measures L, Uhland C, Lair S. Infections with Philometra sp. associated with mortalities in wild-hatched captive-raised striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). J Fish Dis. 2011;34:475-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, the introduction of infected fish into this ecosystem should not be a concern. Nevertheless, infection-related mortalities of fingerlings might affect dynamics of wild striped bass populations. ..
  6. Barus V, Tenora F, Krácmar S, Dvoracek J. Contents of several inorganic substances in European eel infected and uninfected by Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda). Dis Aquat Organ. 1999;37:135-7 pubmed
    ..These differences are discussed in relation to hematophagus feeding and pathogenity of the parasite. ..
  7. Moravec F, Glamuzina B, Marino G, Merella P, Di Cave D. Occurrence of Philometra lateolabracis (Nematoda: Philometridae) in the gonads of marine perciform fishes in the Mediterranean region. Dis Aquat Organ. 2003;53:267-9 pubmed
    ..lateolabracis from fishes of the Mediterranean region and its finding in S. dumerili represents a new host record. The possible importance of this pathogenic parasite for cultures of marine perciform fishes in the region is stressed. ..
  8. Krobbach C, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Scharsack J. Infectivity of two nematode parasites, Camallanus lacustris and Anguillicola crassus, in a paratenic host, the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus. Dis Aquat Organ. 2007;74:119-26 pubmed
    ..Granulocyte:lymphocyte ratios were elevated only within the stickleback group showing the highest infection intensity of C. lacustris, i.e. to those exposed 18 parasites...
  9. Grabner D, Dangel K, Sures B. Merging species? Evidence for hybridization between the eel parasites Anguillicola crassus and A. novaezelandiae (Nematoda, Anguillicolidea). Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:244 pubmed publisher
    ..We also provide evidence for the possibility of hybridization of A. crassus males with A. novaezelandiae females. Therefore, hybridization might be an explanation for the disappearance of A. novaezelandiae from Lake Bracciano. ..
  10. Santos C, Gibson D. Nilonema gymnarchi Khalil, 1960 and N. senticosum (Baylis, 1922) (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea): Gondwana relicts?. Syst Parasitol. 2007;67:225-34 pubmed
    ..However, these species are suggested as being of limited potential value for calibrating a molecular clock...
  11. Fazio G, Monée H, Da Silva C, Simon Levert G, Allienne J, Lecomte Finiger R, et al. Changes in gene expression in European eels (Anguilla anguilla) induced by infection with swim bladder nematodes (Anguillicola crassus). J Parasitol. 2009;95:808-16 pubmed publisher
    ..We also noted a differential impact of male and female parasites on the expression of some genes, perhaps owing to the sexual dimorphism in body size of the parasite. ..
  12. Moravec F, Ali A. Philometra johnii sp. nov. (Nematoda, Philometridae), a new gonad-infecting philometrid from the sin croaker Johnius dussumieri (Cuvier) (Perciformes, Sciaenidae) from marine waters of Iraq. Acta Parasitol. 2013;58:263-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Philometra johnii sp. nov. is the fourth known philometrid species recorded from marine waters of Iraq. ..
  13. Moravec F. Systematic status of Philometra jordanoi (López-Neyra, 1951) and some other congeneric species previously identified as Philometra lateolabracis (Yamaguti, 1935) (Nematoda: Philometridae). Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2008;55:159-60 pubmed
    ..until new data are available. Also the philometrids reported as P. lateolabracis from Parupeneus indicus from off Somalia should be designated as Philometra sp. for the time being. ..
  14. Braicovich P, Kuhn J, Amundsen P, Marcogliese D. Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus, as a possible paratenic host for salmonid nematodes in a subarctic lake. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:1335-8 pubmed publisher
    ..oncorhynchi, potentially enhancing its transmission to salmonids due to their central role in the lacustrine food web of this subarctic lake. ..
  15. Caspeta Mandujano J, Granados Ramírez J, Peralta Rodríguez J. A new philometrid species (Nematoda) from the freshwater fish Cichlasoma istlanum (Jordan and Snyder, 1899) (Cichlidae) in Mexico. J Parasitol. 2009;95:403-6 pubmed publisher
    ..015-0.023 vs. 0.047 and 0.006-0.009 mm high, respectively), site of infection (skin at base of pectoral fins vs. abdominal cavity, both species), and the host species (Cichlidae vs. Synbranchidae and Scombridae). ..
  16. Lorin Nebel C, Felten V, Blondeau Bidet E, Grousset E, Amilhat E, Simon G, et al. Individual and combined effects of copper and parasitism on osmoregulation in the European eel Anguilla anguilla. Aquat Toxicol. 2013;130-131:41-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the 5ppt challenge in eels exposed to copper and Anguillicoloides crassus seems to clearly enhance iono/osmoregulatory disturbances. Funded by ANR CES/CIEL 2008-12. ..
  17. Dewi K, Palm H. Philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) of marine teleosts from Balinese waters, Indonesia, including the description of <i>Philometra</i> <i>damriyasai</i> sp. nov. Zootaxa. 2017;4341:577-584 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea: Philometridae) from the body cavity of Tylerius spinosissimus (Regan, 1908) (Tetraodontiformes, ..
  18. Moravec F, Jiménez García M, Salgado Maldonado G. New observations on Mexiconema cichlasomae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) from fishes in Mexico. Parasite. 1998;5:289-93 pubmed
    ..The ability of M. cichlasomae to utilize fishes of different orders (Perciformes and Cyprinodontiformes) as definitive hosts is rather exceptional among dracunculoid nematodes. ..
  19. Moravec F, Chavez R, Oliva M. A new gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the red cusk-eel Genypterus chilensis (Osteichthyes: Ophidiidae) off Chile. Parasitol Res. 2011;108:227-32 pubmed publisher
    ..P. genypteri is the first philometrid species reported from a fish belonging to the order Ophidiiformes and the second nominal species of Philometra recorded from marine fishes of the eastern South Pacific. ..
  20. Williams C, Moravec F, Turnbull J, Ferguson H. Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England. J Helminthol. 2012;86:329-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Lesions caused by this parasite, only recently recorded in Britain, may represent an additional pressure upon wild crucian carp populations already threatened by hybridization, competition and habitat loss. ..
  21. Lai Y, Taskinen J, Kekäläinen J, Kortet R. Non-invasive diagnosis for Philometra ovata (Nematoda) infection in the common minnow Phoxinus phoxinus. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:2411-8 pubmed publisher
    ..ovata infections in minnows and probably can be applied for the detection of other body cavity dwelling metazoan parasites in various host taxa. ..
  22. Ribu D, Lester R. Moravecia australiensis n. g., n. sp. (Dracunculoidea: Guyanemidae) from the gills of the green porcupine fish Tragulichthys jaculiferus (Cuvier) in Australia. Syst Parasitol. 2004;57:59-65 pubmed
    ..Males have two pairs of pedunculate caudal papillae supporting the caudal alae. A key to the genera of the Guyanemidae is presented. ..
  23. Moravec F, Gopalakrishnan A, Rajkumar M, Saravanakumar A, Kaliyamoorthy S. A new gonad-infecting species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the marine fish Terapon jarbua (Forsskål) (Terapontidae) off the eastern coast of India. Syst Parasitol. 2011;80:23-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Philometra sawara Quiazon, Yoshinaga & Ogawa, 2008 is considered a junior synonym of P. scomberomori (Yamaguti, 1935). A key to gonad-infecting species of Philometra parasitising marine and brackish-water fishes is provided. ..
  24. Quiazon K, Moravec F. Dentirumai philippinensis n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Philometridae), a new tissue-infecting philometrid nematode from the loach goby Rhyacichthys aspro (Valenciennes) (Rhyacichthyidae) in the Philippines. J Helminthol. 2013;87:59-65 pubmed publisher
    ..This important taxonomic feature makes it possible to erect a new genus, Dentirumai n. gen. to accommodate the newly discovered philometrid species. A key to genera of the Philometrinae is provided. ..
  25. Wielgoss S, Hollandt F, Wirth T, Meyer A. Genetic signatures in an invasive parasite of Anguilla anguilla correlate with differential stock management. J Fish Biol. 2010;77:191-210 pubmed publisher
  26. Moravec F, Bakenhaster M. New observations on philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) in marine fishes from the Northern Gulf of Mexico and the Indian River Lagoon of Florida (Usa), with first description of the male of Caranginema americanum. J Parasitol. 2012;98:398-403 pubmed publisher
    ..The present findings of C. americanum and P. charlestonensis represent new geographical records. The gonad-infecting Philometra sp. from S. marina probably belongs to an undescribed species...
  27. Moravec F, Scholz T, Dykova I, Kuchta R, Fiala I, Kohn A. Redescription of Alinema amazonicum (Travassos, 1960) n. comb., a philometrid nematode with unusual morphology. J Parasitol. 2006;92:138-44 pubmed
    ..comb. This is the first record of this parasite from Peru, and P. perruno represents its new host record. ..
  28. Moravec F, Gaglio G, Giannetto S, Marino F. Philometra spicarae sp. n. (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the abdominal cavity of the marine fish (picarel) Spicara smaris (Centracanthidae) off Sicily, Italy. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:399-402 pubmed publisher
    ..spicarae differs mainly in having a conspicuously long (1.4 mm) intestinal ligament. It is the first nominal philometrid species described from the fish of the family Centracanthidae. ..
  29. Moravec F, de Buron I, Measures L. First description of the gravid female of Philometra rubra (Leidy, 1856) (Nematoda: Philometridae), a parasite of the abdominal cavity of temperate basses Morone Spp. (Moronidae: Perciformes) in North America. J Parasitol. 2013;99:496-500 pubmed publisher
    ..The morphology of the male of P. rubra and the life cycle of this nematode are still unknown. ..
  30. Moravec F, Kuchta R. Description of two new nematode species, parasites of the Mississippi paddlefish Polyodon spathula (Acipenseriformes: Polyodontidae). J Parasitol. 2013;99:680-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous reports of Camallanus oxycephalus Ward and Magath, 1917 in P. spathula may be misidentifications of C. polyodontis...
  31. Bennett S, Adamson M. Prevalence, intensity, and differential development of Pseudodelphis oligocotti (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) in sympatric fish hosts of the northeastern Pacific coast. J Parasitol. 2004;90:678-84 pubmed
    ..Pseudodelphis oligocotti (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) infects several coastal Pacific fishes, but its course of development appears highly variable, suggesting ..
  32. Moravec F, Harris E. Structure of the female cephalic end and cuticular ornamentations of Buckleyella buckleyi Rasheed, 1963 (Nematoda: Philometridae), as revealed by SEM. J Parasitol. 2010;96:666-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on some of these features, Buckleyella Rasheed, 1963 distinctly differs from the recently established, related genus Caranginema Moravec, Montoya-Mendoza and Salgado-Maldonado, 2008. ..
  33. Silva Souza A, Saraiva A. Ecological data of Travassosnema travassosi travassosi (Dracunculoidea: Guyanemidae) from the humour of the eyes of Acestrorhynchus lacustris from Tibagi River, Paraná, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2002;97:51-2 pubmed
    ..This is the first report on the occurrence of T. travassosi travassosi inside the eyes. These nematodes were mostly located in humour of the eyes (87% of cases), being less frequently detected in tissues behind the eyes (13% of cases). ..
  34. Fazio G, Mone H, Mouahid G, Sasal P. Biased sex ratio in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) swim-bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus, experimentally induced by 11-ketotestosterone. J Parasitol. 2008;94:956-8 pubmed publisher
    ..crassus infrapopulations, suggesting that the presence of endocrine disruptors in the environment may lead to skewed sex ratios among parasites. ..
  35. Cantatore D, Merella P, Timi J. Males of Ichthyofilaria argentinensis Incorvaia, 1999 and I. bergensis (Wülker, 1930) (Dracunculoidea:Guyanemidae): new morphological aspects and emendation of the generic diagnosis. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2010;57:289-94 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of Guyanemidae is extended to include that a copulatory plate and/or two spicules may be present as characteristics for this family. ..
  36. Cardenas M, Lanfredi R. Further description of Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) halitrophus comb. n. (Nematoda: Camallanidae) from flounder off the Brazilian coast by light and scanning electron microscopy. J Parasitol. 2005;91:606-13 pubmed
    ..C. macrops represents a new host record, and Rio de Janeiro is a new geographical record for this species. ..
  37. Moravec F, Santos C. Dracunculus brasiliensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Dracunculidae) from the anaconda, Eunectes murinus (Ophidia: Boidae). Parasitol Res. 2009;104:589-92 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first species of Dracunculus described from reptiles in South America. ..
  38. Moravec F. Structure of the female cephalic end and cuticular ornamentations of Paraphilometroides nemipteri (Nematoda:Philometridae), as revealed by SEM. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2010;57:313-4 pubmed
    ..Therefore, one of the ethanol-preserved paratype specimens (gravid female) of P. nemipteri, deposited in the Helminthologi-cal Collection of the Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre ..
  39. Mejia Madrid H, Aguirre Macedo M. Systematics of Mexiconema cichlasomae (Nematoda: Daniconematidae) based on sequences of SSU rDNA. J Parasitol. 2011;97:160-2 pubmed publisher
  40. Fazio G, Sasal P, Mouahid G, Lecomte Finiger R, Moné H. Swim bladder nematodes (Anguillicoloides crassus) disturb silvering in European eels (Anguilla anguilla). J Parasitol. 2012;98:695-705 pubmed publisher
    ..crassus infection results in an additional cost of the parasite or is due to the phenotypic plasticity of the host. ..
  41. Moravec F, Molnar K, Szekely C. Lucionema balatonense gen. et sp. n., a new nematode of a new family Lucionematidae fam. n. (Dracunculoidea) from the swimbladder of the European pikeperch, Stizostedion lucioperca (Pisces). Folia Parasitol (Praha). 1998;45:57-61 pubmed
    ..The body length of L. balatonense females is 1074-1782 microns, that of the only available male 770 microns. A key to the families of the Dracunculoidea is presented.
  42. Cesco H, Lambert A, Crivelli A. [Pseudorascora parva (Teleostei, Cyprinidae), an invasive species, a new vector for the maintenance and dissemination of anguillicolosis in France?]]. Parasite. 2001;8:75-6 pubmed
    ..203 specimens of that fish species have been examined for L3-larvae of Anguillicola crassus. 35% of the fish were found to be infected. ..
  43. Moravec F, Walter T, Yuniar A. Five new species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) from marine fishes off Java, Indonesia. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2012;59:115-30 pubmed
    ..light and scanning electron microscopical studies, the following five species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from female specimens collected from marine fishes off the southwestern coast of Java, ..
  44. Wurtz J, Knopf K, Taraschewski H. Distribution and prevalence of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda) in eels Anguilla anguilla of the rivers Rhine and Naab, Germany. Dis Aquat Organ. 1998;32:137-43 pubmed
    ..Further, no correlation between the condition factor of the eels and intensity of infection with A. crassus could be found. Of all eels examined, 28% showed pathological alterations of the swimbladder. ..
  45. González Solís D, Moravec F, Paredes V. A new species of Dentiphilometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the musculature of the gray snapper Lutjanus griseus (osteichthyes) off the Caribbean coast of Mexico. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1132-5 pubmed publisher
    ..freshwater swamp eel) and geographical distribution (Mexico vs. China). ..
  46. Pietrock M, Meinelt T. Dynamics of Anguillicola crassus larval infections in a paratenic host, the ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus) from the Oder River on the border of Germany and Poland. J Helminthol. 2002;76:235-40 pubmed
    ..5 cm, 11-13 cm). Although the paratenic hosts may acquire infections year round, the results suggest that ruffe become infected mainly during the cold season and that the host's feeding ecology determines the final course of infection...
  47. Rolbiecki L. Can the DAB (Limanda limanda) be a paratenic host of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda; Dracunculoidea)? The Gulf of Gda?sk and Vistula Lagoon (Poland) example. Wiad Parazytol. 2004;50:317-22 pubmed
    ..crassus. This is the first world's record of A. crassus in the dab. It is suggested that, due to a large size of the infected fish, they cannot function as paratenic hosts in the A. crassus life cycle. ..
  48. Weclawski U, Heitlinger E, Baust T, Klar B, Petney T, Han Y, et al. Evolutionary divergence of the swim bladder nematode Anguillicola crassus after colonization of a novel host, Anguilla anguilla. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:78 pubmed publisher
    ..The differences in infectivity and developmental dynamics between European and Taiwanese populations of A. crassus found in our study suggest rapid genetic divergence of this parasite after a successful host switch in Europe. ..
  49. Moravec F, Magi M, Macchioni F. Redescription of the gonad-infecting nematode Philometra saltatrix Ramachandran, 1973 (Philometridae) based on specimens from the type host Pomatomus saltatrix (L.) (Osteichthyes) from the Tuscan Sea, Italy. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2008;55:219-23 pubmed
    ..This is the first record of P. saltatrix, a species originally described from the West Atlantic, from the Tuscan Sea and the second one in the Mediterranean region. ..
  50. Moravec F, Jassim A, Al Salim N. Philometroides acanthopagri sp. nov., a new philometrid (Nematoda, Philometridae) from the musculature of Acanthopagrus latus (Sparidae) from marine waters of Iraq. Acta Parasitol. 2012;57:372-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A key to Philometroides species parasitizing marine and brackish-water fishes is provided. ..
  51. Moravec F, Manoharan J. Gonad-infecting philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) including four new species from marine fishes off the eastern coast of India. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2013;60:105-22 pubmed
    ..electron microscopical studies, the following five gonad-infecting species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from marine perciform fishes off the eastern coast of India (Bay of Bengal): Philometra ..
  52. Junker K, Mutafchiev Y. Micropleura huchzermeyeri n. sp. (Camallanida: Dracunculoidea: Micropleuridae) from the Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti (Reptilia: Crocodylidae), in South Africa. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:785-795 pubmed publisher
    Micropleura huchzermeyeri n. sp. (Camallanida: Dracunculoidea: Micropleuridae) is described from the peritoneal cavity of Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti (Reptilia: Crocodylidae), based on a detailed study of its morphology using light and ..
  53. Knopf K, Naser K, van der Heijden M, Taraschewski H. Evaluation of an ELISA and immunoblotting for studying the humoral immune response in Anguillicola crassus infected European eel Anguilla anguilla. Dis Aquat Organ. 2000;43:39-48 pubmed
    ..crassus, the most encouraging results were obtained with the antigen preparation from the outer cuticle of adult A. crassus which yielded a conspicuous, broad band at about 100 kDa...
  54. Moravec F, Lorber J, Konecny R. Two new species of parasitic nematodes from the dogtooth tuna Gymnosarda unicolor (Pisces) off the Maldive Islands. J Parasitol. 2007;93:171-8 pubmed
    ..comb. Rhabdochona varmai, Heptochona schmidtii Arya, 1991, and Rhabdochona marina Lakshmi and Sudha, 1999, are considered species inquirendae...
  55. Quiazon K, Yoshinaga T. Gonad-infecting philometrid Philometra philippinensis sp. nov. (Nematoda, Philometridae) from the bigeye barracuda Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier (Sphyraenidae) off Mariveles, Bataan Province, Philippine archipelago. Acta Parasitol. 2013;58:504-14 pubmed publisher
    ..to be a new species belonging to the genus Philometra Costa, 1845 in the family Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea), and was named P. philippinensis sp. nov...
  56. Moravec F, Spangenberg J, Frasca S. Syngnathinema californiense n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) from the circulatory system of the bay pipefish Syngnathus leptorhynchus in California. J Parasitol. 2001;87:1429-32 pubmed
    ..Because males remain unknown, the genus is provisionally assigned to the Daniconematidae...
  57. Aragort W, Alvarez F, Iglesias R, Leiro J, Sanmartin M. Histodytes microocellatus gen. et sp. nov. (Dracunculoidea: Guyanemidae), a parasite of Raja microocellata on the European Atlantic coast (north-western Spain). Parasitol Res. 2002;88:932-40 pubmed
    We describe a new genus, Histodytes, within the family Guyanemidae (Nematoda: Spirurida: Camallanina: Dracunculoidea). The type species, Histodytes microocellatus n. sp...
  58. Kall S, Fagerholm H, Sarvala J. Pathogenicity of the gill artery worm Philometra obturans (Nematoda) in northern pike (Esox lucius) in southwest Finland. J Parasitol. 2004;90:177-81 pubmed
    ..05). The results show that infection with this nematode has a detrimental effect on the host when combined with environmental or physiological stress and may result in host mortality...
  59. Frantová D, Bruňanská M, Fagerholm H, Kihlström M. Ultrastructure of the body wall of female Philometra obturans (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea). Parasitol Res. 2005;95:327-32 pubmed
    The somatic cuticle of adult female Philometra obturans (Prenant, 1886) (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) consists of five zones and an overlying prominent fuzzy epicuticle, closely adherent to the gill arterial wall of the host...
  60. Moravec F, Simkova A, Pecínková M, Ondračková M. Morphology of Philometroides barbi (Nematoda: Philometridae), a rare tissue parasite of the Mediterranean barbel Barbus meridionalis (Osteichthyes). Dis Aquat Organ. 2006;69:265-8 pubmed
    ..These features distinctly distinguish P. barbi from Philometroides cyprini and other congeners parasitizing European fishes...
  61. Braicovich P, Moravec F, Timi J. New species of Moravecia (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) from body cavity of marine perciform fish Percophis brasiliensis in Argentina. J Parasitol. 2007;93:353-6 pubmed
    ..This is the second known species of Moravecia Ribu et Lester, 2004 and the first species of this genus reported from South American waters...
  62. Moravec F, Montoya Mendoza J, Salgado Maldonado G. A new genus and species of philometrid (Nematoda) from the subcutaneous tissue of the crevalle jack, Caranx hippos (Osteichthyes), from the southern Gulf of Mexico. J Parasitol. 2008;94:1346-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Caranginema americanum is the seventh philometrid species reported from marine and brackish water fishes in Mexico...
  63. Dangel K, Sures B. Natural Anguillicola novaezelandiae infection--is there seasonality in New Zealand?. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:1623-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Export of live eels should be handled cautiously to prevent the spread of A. novaezelandiae throughout other eel populations...
  64. Moravec F, Chaabane A, Justine J, Neifar L. Two gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from groupers (Serranidae) off Tunisia, with a key to Philometra species infecting serranid gonads. Parasite. 2016;23:8 pubmed publisher
    ..A key to gonad-infecting species of Philometra parasitic in serranid fishes is provided...
  65. Kirk R, Kennedy C, Lewis J. Effect of salinity on hatching, survival and infectivity of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) larvae. Dis Aquat Organ. 2000;40:211-8 pubmed
    ..crassus and supports the hypothesis that A. crassus can be disseminated and transmitted in brackish water. The importance of regular monitoring and stringent hygiene practices in the transportation of eels is emphasized...
  66. Székely C, Molnár K, Rácz O. Radiodiagnostic method for studying the dynamics of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) infection and pathological status of the swimbladder in Lake Balaton eels. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;64:53-61 pubmed
    ..With the help of the radiographs presented, the dynamics of A. crassus infection and of changes in the swimbladder of individual eel specimens can be monitored easily...
  67. Moravec F, Cervinka S. Female morphology and systematic status of Philometroides cyprini (Nematoda: Philometridae), a parasite of carp. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;67:105-9 pubmed
    ..1971 are its junior synonyms. P. cyprini, the agent of a serious disease of carp, seems to have been originally distributed in east Asia, from where it was introduced into Europe in the early 1960s...
  68. Jones H, Mulder E. Dracunculus mulbus n. sp. (Nematoda: Spirurida) from the water python Liasis fuscus (Serpentes: Boidae) in northern Australia. Syst Parasitol. 2007;66:195-205 pubmed
    ..Submedian cephalic papillae are single in both sexes. Dorsal and ventral anterior cephalic papillae are absent in males. This is the first report of a species of Dracunculus from the Australian region...
  69. Barus V, Jarkovsky J, Prokes M. Philometra ovata (Nematoda: Philometroidea): a potential sentinel species of heavy metal accumulation. Parasitol Res. 2007;100:929-33 pubmed
    ..4 and 25.8, in increasing order for Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni and Cr. These results indicate that P. ovata may serve as sensitive indicator species of heavy metal pollution in freshwater ecosystems...
  70. Moravec F, de Buron I. Two new species of philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off South Carolina. J Parasitol. 2009;95:722-7 pubmed publisher
  71. Muñoz G. A new species of Pseudodelphis (Dracunculoidea: Guyanemidae) in the intertidal fish Scartichthys viridis (Blenniidae) from central Chile. J Parasitol. 2010;96:152-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the male of P. chilensis n. sp. does not have an adanal caudal papillae, and it has longer spicules than the other 2 species. This is the first Pseudodelphis species described for Chile and the second for South America...
  72. Sjöberg N, Petersson E, Wickström H, Hansson S. Effects of the swimbladder parasite Anguillicola crassus on the migration of European silver eels Anguilla anguilla in the Baltic Sea. J Fish Biol. 2009;74:2158-70 pubmed publisher
    ..It is hypothesized that parasite-induced damage to the swimbladder inhibited vertical migrations and infected A. anguilla tended to migrate in shallower coastal waters, relatively close to the shore...
  73. Cárdenas M, Moravec F, Fernandes B, Morais A. A new species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the freshwater fish (red piranha) Pygocentrus nattereri Kner (Characidae) in Amazonia, Brazil. Syst Parasitol. 2012;83:137-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first species of Philometra Costa, 1845 reported from fishes of the family Characidae and the second valid species of this genus parasitic in freshwater fishes of Brazil and South America...
  74. Moravec F, Bakenhaster M, de Buron I. A new gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the Atlantic Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus maculatus (Scombridae) off the Atlantic Coast of Florida and South Carolina. J Parasitol. 2013;99:290-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Philometra atlantica is the fourth valid gonad-infecting species of Philometra reported from fishes of the family Scombridae...
  75. Heitlinger E, Bridgett S, Montazam A, Taraschewski H, Blaxter M. The transcriptome of the invasive eel swimbladder nematode parasite Anguillicola crassus. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:87 pubmed publisher
    ..The identification of peptidases under positive selection is a first step in this programme. ..
  76. Moravec F, Khosheghbal M, Pazooki J. Two philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) infecting the tigertooth croaker Otolithes ruber (Bloch & Schneider) (Teleostei: Sciaenidae) off Iran, including erection of a new genus. Syst Parasitol. 2013;86:33-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The finding of P. otolithi in Iranian waters represents a new geographical record of this parasite species. An updated key to the genera of the Philometrinae Baylis & Daubney, 1926 is provided. ..
  77. Moravec F, Bakenhaster M. Two new gonad-infecting philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus (Serranidae) and the great northern tilefish Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps (Malacanthidae) in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Syst Parasitol. 2013;86:113-23 pubmed publisher
    ..19-2.34 mm) and gravid female (280 mm). Philometra lopholatili is the first representative of the genus and the second philometrid species reported from fishes of the family Malacanthidae...
  78. Latas P, Stockdale Walden H, Bates L, Marshall S, Rohr T, Whitehead L. Avioserpens in the Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis): A new Host and Geographic Record for a Dracunculoid Nematode and Implications of Migration and Climate Change. J Wildl Dis. 2016;52:189-92 pubmed publisher
    ..This discovery underscores the importance of parasite discovery and identification in the wildlife rehabilitation setting. Climate change and weather events affect the migratory spread of unusual parasites. ..
  79. Nielsen M. An enhanced humoral immune response against the swimbladder nematode, Anguillicola crassus, in the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, compared with the European eel, A. anguilla. J Helminthol. 1999;73:227-32 pubmed
    ..The different susceptibilities to Anguillicola crassus between the natural host, Anguilla japonica, and the naive, Anguilla anguilla, is partly due to differences in the ability of the two eel species to mount a humoral immune response...
  80. Moravec F, Salgado Maldonado G, Aguilar Aguilar R. Two new nematodes, Paraseuratoides ophisterni gen. et sp. n. (Quimperiidae) and Philometra ophisterni sp. n. (Philometridae), from the swamp-eel Ophisternon aenigmaticum in Mexico. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2002;49:109-17 pubmed
    ..et sp. n. (Seuratoidea: Quimperiidae) and Philometra ophisterni sp. n. (Dracunculoidea: Philometridae) are described based on specimens recovered from the intestine and mesentery, respectively, of ..
  81. Sures B, Lutz I, Kloas W. Effects of infection with Anguillicola crassus and simultaneous exposure with Cd and 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) on the levels of cortisol and glucose in European eel ( Anguilla anguilla ). Parasitology. 2006;132:281-8 pubmed
    ..The parasite-induced stress response in the newly adopted European eel might be one of the factors which contributes to the extremely effective colonizing strategy of A. crassus...
  82. Moravec F, Ali A. Two new species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from needlefishes (Belonidae) in Iraq, with a key to Philometra spp. parasitic in the host's subcutaneous tissue, fins and musculature. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2005;52:267-73 pubmed
    ..A key to Philometra spp. with gravid females parasitic in the subcutaneous tissue, fins or musculature of fishes is provided...
  83. Wu S, Moravec F, Wang G, Nie P. First description of the male and redescription of the female of Philometra clavaeceps Dogiel and Akhmerov, 1959 (Nematoda: Philometridae), a parasite of East Asian cyprinid fish. J Parasitol. 2006;92:380-4 pubmed
    ..Philometra clavaeceps seems to have a pronounced annual maturation cycle in the locality. The finding of P. clavaeceps in C. dabryi represents a new host record...
  84. Moravec F, Crosby M, de Buron I, González Solís D, Roumillat W. Three new species of philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from centrarchid fishes in the USA. J Parasitol. 2008;94:1103-13 pubmed publisher
    The following 3 new species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from freshwater centrarchid fishes (Centrarchidae: Perciformes) from eastern North America on the basis of museum and newly collected specimens: ..
  85. Moravec F, Gaglio G, Panebianco A, Giannetto S. Two species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from sparid fishes (porgies) off Sicily, Italy, including Philometra obladae sp. n. from the body cavity of Oblada melanura (Sparidae). Parasitol Res. 2008;104:55-61 pubmed publisher
    ..filiformis are provided; new observations revealed, for the first time in this species, the presence of lateral cephalic papillae and the absence of previously reported black intestinal corpuscles in the larvae...
  86. Lefebvre F, Fazio G, Palstra A, Szekely C, Crivelli A. An evaluation of indices of gross pathology associated with the nematode Anguillicoloides crassus in eels. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:31-45 pubmed publisher
  87. de Buron I, France S, Connors V, Roumillat W, Tsoi L. Philometrids of the southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma: a multidimensional approach to determine their diversity. J Parasitol. 2011;97:466-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Results clearly indicated major differences in the ecology of the philometrids constituting each clade. Taken as a whole, molecular and ecological data support the contention that the 4 genetic clades are likely 4 distinct species...
  88. Dezfuli B, Lui A, Squerzanti S, Lorenzoni M, Shinn A. Confirmation of the hosts involved in the life cycle of an acanthocephalan parasite of Anguilla anguilla (L.) from Lake Piediluco and its effect on the reproductive potential of its amphipod intermediate host. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2137-43 pubmed publisher
    ..rhinensis cystacanths. Unparasitised ovigerous female E. tibaldii specimens had significantly higher numbers of eggs in their brood pouches compared with their infected counterparts (t-test, P?<?0.01)...
  89. Moravec F, Ali A. Additional observations on Philometra spp. (Nematoda: Philometridae) in marine fishes off Iraq, with the description of two new species. Syst Parasitol. 2014;87:259-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Philometra brachiri is the first species of this genus described from a fish belonging to the family Soleidae. The findings of P. piscaria and P. otolithi in Iraqi marine waters represent new geographical records. ..
  90. Moravec F, Shamsi S. Barracudia australiensis n. g., n. sp. (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the obtuse barracuda Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) off eastern Australia. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:627-634 pubmed publisher
    ..comb. Barracudia australiensis is the third nominal species of philometrids described from the Sphyraenidae and the 19th species of the Philometridae recorded from fishes in Australian waters. ..
  91. Kirk R, Lewis J, Kennedy C. Survival and transmission of Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi & Itagaki, 1974 (Nematoda) in seawater eels. Parasitology. 2000;120 ( Pt 3):289-95 pubmed
    ..crassus has been facilitated by natural movement of eels in coastal waters. It is possible that A. crassus could impair the success of the eel spawning migration to the Sargasso Sea, although there is no direct evidence to support this...
  92. Audenaert V, Huyse T, Goemans G, Belpaire C, Volckaert F. Spatio-temporal dynamics of the parasitic nematode Anguillicola crassus in Flanders, Belgium. Dis Aquat Organ. 2003;56:223-33 pubmed
    ..Fibrotic swimbladder walls were observed, mainly in large eels, and 20% of the total number of nematodes consisted of encapsulated larvae in the surveys of 1997 and 2000; 8 cases of swimbladder regeneration were observed...