starfish

Summary

Summary: Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.

Top Publications

  1. Meijer L, Raymond E. Roscovitine and other purines as kinase inhibitors. From starfish oocytes to clinical trials. Acc Chem Res. 2003;36:417-25 pubmed
    ..the steps that have led us from very fundamental research on the cell division cycle, investigated with the starfish oocyte model, to the identification of drugs now being evaluated against cancer in the clinic...
  2. Hiraoka D, Hori Oshima S, Fukuhara T, Tachibana K, Okumura E, Kishimoto T. PDK1 is required for the hormonal signaling pathway leading to meiotic resumption in starfish oocytes. Dev Biol. 2004;276:330-6 pubmed
    ..A model system to analyze meiotic resumption is the starfish oocyte, in which Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) plays a key mediator in hormonal signaling that leads to cyclin B-..
  3. Matsumoto M, Solzin J, Helbig A, Hagen V, Ueno S, Kawase O, et al. A sperm-activating peptide controls a cGMP-signaling pathway in starfish sperm. Dev Biol. 2003;260:314-24 pubmed
    ..sperm-activating peptide asterosap evokes a fast and transient increase of the cGMP concentration in sperm of the starfish Asterias amurensis, followed by a transient cGMP-stimulated increase in the Ca(2+) concentration...
  4. Sasaki K, Chiba K. Fertilization blocks apoptosis of starfish eggs by inactivation of the MAP kinase pathway. Dev Biol. 2001;237:18-28 pubmed
    Fully grown starfish oocytes are arrested at prophase of meiosis I. The hormonal stimulation of 1-methyladenine (1-MA) induces meiosis reinitiation and germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD)...
  5. Inagaki M, Miyamoto T, Isobe R, Higuchi R. Biologically active glycosides from asteroidea, 43. Isolation and structure of a new neuritogenic-active ganglioside molecular species from the starfish Linckia laevigata. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2005;53:1551-4 pubmed
    ..species, LLG-5 (1), has been obtained from the water soluble lipid fraction of the CHCl3/MeOH extract of the starfish Linckia laevigata. On the basis of chemical and spectroscopic findings, the structure of 1 has been elucidated...
  6. Shiomi K, Midorikawa S, Ishida M, Nagashima Y, Nagai H. Plancitoxins, lethal factors from the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci, are deoxyribonucleases II. Toxicon. 2004;44:499-506 pubmed
    ..v. injection into mice) of 140 microg/kg were purified from spines of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci...
  7. Zhang W, Wang J, Jin W, Zhang Q. The antioxidant activities and neuroprotective effect of polysaccharides from the starfish Asterias rollestoni. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;95:9-15 pubmed publisher
    After the starfish was defatted with isopropyl alcohol and ethanol, crude polysaccharide was extracted by 0.15 mol/L HCl. Anion exchange chromatography was performed to fractionate the sample into two fractions, SF-1 and SF-2...
  8. Sasaki K, Chiba K. Induction of apoptosis in starfish eggs requires spontaneous inactivation of MAPK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) followed by activation of p38MAPK. Mol Biol Cell. 2004;15:1387-96 pubmed
    ..After the meiotic cell cycle in starfish eggs, MAPK activity is maintained until fertilization...
  9. Matsubara M, Komatsu M, Wada H. Close relationship between Asterina and Solasteridae (Asteroidea) supported by both nuclear and mitochondrial gene molecular phylogenies. Zoolog Sci. 2004;21:785-93 pubmed
    ..The independent support from both nuclear 18S rDNA and mitochondrial rDNAs strongly argues for a close relationship between the Asterina and Solasteridae. ..

More Information

Publications109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hamaguchi Y. Displacement of the mitotic apparatus which induces ectopic polar body formation or parthenogenetic cleavage in starfish oocytes. Dev Biol. 2001;239:364-75 pubmed
    When the mitotic apparatus (MA) at meiosis I and II in starfish oocytes was detached from the animal pole and translocated to the other cortex, MA induced polar body formation, which indicates reattachment of MA to the cortex...
  2. Ota E, Nagashima Y, Shiomi K, Sakurai T, Kojima C, Waalkes M, et al. Caspase-independent apoptosis induced in rat liver cells by plancitoxin I, the major lethal factor from the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci venom. Toxicon. 2006;48:1002-10 pubmed
    Plancitoxin I, the major lethal factor from the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci venom, is quite unique not only in exhibiting potent hepatotoxicity but also in sharing high sequence homology with mammalian deoxyribonulease II...
  3. Mita M. Incapacity of response to disulfide-reducing agent in Triton X-100-treated oocytes of starfish, Asterina pectinifera. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1040:413-6 pubmed
    Resumption of meiosis in starfish oocytes is induced by the natural maturation-inducing hormone, 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde). Oocyte maturation is also induced by the disulfide-reducing agent, dithiothreitol (DTT)...
  4. Qi J, Ojika M, Sakagami Y. Linckosides C-E, three new neuritogenic steroid glycosides from the Okinawan starfish Linckia laevigata. Bioorg Med Chem. 2004;12:4259-65 pubmed
    Three new steroid glycosides, linckosides C-E, were isolated from the Okinawan starfish Linckia laevigata. Their structures and partial stereochemistry were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical derivatization...
  5. Tachibana K, Mori M, Matsuhira T, Karino T, Inagaki T, Nagayama A, et al. Initiation of DNA replication after fertilization is regulated by p90Rsk at pre-RC/pre-IC transition in starfish eggs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:5006-11 pubmed publisher
    ..fertilization occurs, the Mos-MAPK-p90Rsk pathway causes the G1-phase arrest after completion of meiosis in starfish eggs...
  6. Yuce O, Sadler K. Postmeiotic unfertilized starfish eggs die by apoptosis. Dev Biol. 2001;237:29-44 pubmed
    Fertilization of starfish eggs during meiosis results in rapid progression to embryogenesis as soon as meiosis II is completed. Unfertilized eggs complete meiosis and arrest in postmeiotic interphase for an, until now, indeterminate time...
  7. Harada K, Oita E, Chiba K. Metaphase I arrest of starfish oocytes induced via the MAP kinase pathway is released by an increase of intracellular pH. Development. 2003;130:4581-6 pubmed
    ..The blockage of fully grown starfish oocytes in prophase of meiosis I is released by the hormone 1-methyladenine...
  8. Kitajima A, Hamaguchi Y. Determination of first cleavage plane: the relationships between the orientation of the mitotic apparatus for first cleavage and the position of meiotic division-related structures in starfish eggs. Dev Biol. 2005;280:48-58 pubmed
    In order to understand when the orientation of the first cleavage plane is fixed along the animal-vegetal axis in starfish eggs, the behavior of the sperm aster was examined by indirect immunofluorescence staining...
  9. Moccia F, Nusco G, Lim D, Kyozuka K, Santella L. NAADP and InsP3 play distinct roles at fertilization in starfish oocytes. Dev Biol. 2006;294:24-38 pubmed
    NAADP participates in the response of starfish oocytes to sperm by triggering the fertilization potential (FP) through the activation of a Ca2+ current which depolarizes the membrane to the threshold of activation of the voltage-gated Ca2+..
  10. Motokawa T. Mechanical mutability in connective tissue of starfish body wall. Biol Bull. 2011;221:280-9 pubmed
    ..to mechanical and chemical stimulation were studied in muscle-free dermal samples from the body wall of the starfish Linckia laevigata...
  11. Uetake Y, Kato K, Washitani Nemoto S, Nemoto Si S. Nonequivalence of maternal centrosomes/centrioles in starfish oocytes: selective casting-off of reproductive centrioles into polar bodies. Dev Biol. 2002;247:149-64 pubmed
    ..of all maternal centrosomes/centrioles was investigated throughout the meiotic and mitotic cycles by using starfish eggs that had polar body (PB) formation suppressed...
  12. Nakajima A, Morita M, Takemura A, Kamimura S, Okuno M. Increase in intracellular pH induces phosphorylation of axonemal proteins for activation of flagellar motility in starfish sperm. J Exp Biol. 2005;208:4411-8 pubmed
    ..The present study demonstrates that the increase in [pH]i in starfish sperm induces the phosphorylation of axonemal proteins and activation of flagellar motility independently of cAMP...
  13. Okumura E, Fukuhara T, Yoshida H, Hanada Si S, Kozutsumi R, Mori M, et al. Akt inhibits Myt1 in the signalling pathway that leads to meiotic G2/M-phase transition. Nat Cell Biol. 2002;4:111-6 pubmed
    ..The mechanism of this reversal is unclear. Here we show that in oocytes from the starfish Asterina pectinifera, the kinase Akt (or protein kinase B (PKB)) phosphorylates and downregulates Myt1, a member ..
  14. Ishii T, Okino T, Mino Y. A ceramide and cerebroside from the starfish asterias amurensis Lütken and their plant-growth promotion activities. J Nat Prod. 2006;69:1080-2 pubmed
    ..asteriacerebrosides A and B, were isolated from lipophilic fractions of the whole bodies of the Northern Pacific starfish Asterias amurensis Lütken...
  15. Qi J, Han C, Sasayama Y, Nakahara H, Shibata T, Uchida K, et al. Granulatoside A, a starfish steroid glycoside, enhances PC12 cell neuritogenesis induced by nerve growth factor through an activation of MAP kinase. ChemMedChem. 2006;1:1351-4 pubmed
  16. Hirohashi N, Harada K, Chiba K. Hormone-induced cortical maturation ensures the slow block to polyspermy and does not couple with meiotic maturation in starfish. Dev Biol. 2008;318:194-202 pubmed publisher
    Meiotic progression in starfish oocytes is reinitiated by a maturation-inducing hormone called 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde)...
  17. Mita M, Oka H, Thorndyke M, Shibata Y, Yoshikuni M, Nagahama Y. Inhibitory effect of a SALMFamide neuropeptide on secretion of gonad-stimulating substance from radial nerves in the starfish Asterina pectinifera. Zoolog Sci. 2004;21:299-303 pubmed
    In starfish, the peptide hormone gonad-stimulating substance (GSS) secreted from nervous tissue stimulates oocyte maturation to induce 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde) production by ovarian follicle cells...
  18. Lenart P, Rabut G, Daigle N, Hand A, Terasaki M, Ellenberg J. Nuclear envelope breakdown in starfish oocytes proceeds by partial NPC disassembly followed by a rapidly spreading fenestration of nuclear membranes. J Cell Biol. 2003;160:1055-68 pubmed
    Breakdown of the nuclear envelope (NE) was analyzed in live starfish oocytes using a size series of fluorescently labeled dextrans, membrane dyes, and GFP-tagged proteins of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) and the nuclear lamina...
  19. Nusco G, Chun J, Ercolano E, Lim D, Gragnaniello G, Kyozuka K, et al. Modulation of calcium signalling by the actin-binding protein cofilin. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006;348:109-14 pubmed
    ..We have recently demonstrated that the actin cytoskeleton is involved in the modulation of Ca(2+) signalling in starfish oocytes...
  20. Pal yanova N, Pankova T, Starostina M, Shtark M, Kicha A, Ivanchina N, et al. Neurotrophic effects of polyhydroxylated steroids and steroid glycosides in cultured neuroblastoma cells. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2006;141:584-7 pubmed
    ..These substances in high concentrations (20-40 microM) had no effect or exhibited cytotoxic activity. The screening test allowed us to select several compounds for further studies of neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties. ..
  21. Gérard K, Roby C, Chevalier N, Thomassin B, Chenuil A, Féral J. Assessment of three mitochondrial loci variability for the crown-of-thorns starfish: a first insight into Acanthaster phylogeography. C R Biol. 2008;331:137-43 pubmed publisher
    ..planci forming distinct clades in agreement with data from morphology and systematics. The A. planci clade split into a West Indian Ocean group and a Pacific group, in agreement with allozyme data on population differentiation. ..
  22. Pan K, Inagaki M, Ohno N, Tanaka C, Higuchi R, Miyamoto T. Identification of sixteen new galactocerebrosides from the starfish Protoreaster nodosus. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:470-4 pubmed
    ..a cerebroside molecular species obtained from the chloroform/methanol extract of pyloric caeca dissected from the starfish Protoreaster nodosus...
  23. Kayal M, Vercelloni J, Lison de Loma T, Bosserelle P, Chancerelle Y, Geoffroy S, et al. Predator crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) outbreak, mass mortality of corals, and cascading effects on reef fish and benthic communities. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47363 pubmed publisher
    ..By elucidating the processes involved in an Acanthaster outbreak, our study contributes to comprehending this widespread disturbance and should thus benefit targeted management actions for coral reef ecosystems...
  24. Melarange R, Elphick M. Comparative analysis of nitric oxide and SALMFamide neuropeptides as general muscle relaxants in starfish. J Exp Biol. 2003;206:893-9 pubmed
    ..molecule nitric oxide (NO) and the SALMFamide neuropeptides S1 and S2 cause cardiac stomach relaxation in the starfish Asterias rubens...
  25. Hinman V, Nguyen A, Cameron R, Davidson E. Developmental gene regulatory network architecture across 500 million years of echinoderm evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:13356-61 pubmed
    ..in the sea urchin are here compared with those operating in embryos of a distantly related echinoderm, a starfish. These animals diverged from their common ancestor 520-480 million years ago...
  26. Santella L, Puppo A, Chun J. The role of the actin cytoskeleton in calcium signaling in starfish oocytes. Int J Dev Biol. 2008;52:571-84 pubmed publisher
    ..In preparation for fertilization, the cell cycle-arrested oocytes must undergo meiotic maturation. Studies of starfish oocytes have shown that Ca2+ signaling is intimately involved in this process...
  27. Santella L. NAADP: a new second messenger comes of age. Mol Interv. 2005;5:70-2 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the NAADP-induced self-inactivation mechanism is suggestive of an irreversible binding of NAADP to its putative receptor. ..
  28. Sweatman H. No-take reserves protect coral reefs from predatory starfish. Curr Biol. 2008;18:R598-9 pubmed publisher
  29. Lim D, Ercolano E, Kyozuka K, Nusco G, Moccia F, Lange K, et al. The M-phase-promoting factor modulates the sensitivity of the Ca2+ stores to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate via the actin cytoskeleton. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:42505-14 pubmed
    The resumption of the meiotic cycle (maturation) induced by 1-methyladenine in prophase-arrested starfish oocytes is indicated by the breakdown of the germinal vesicle and is characterized by the increased sensitivity of the Ca2+ stores ..
  30. Migita M, Mizukami E, Gunji Y. Flexibility in starfish behavior by multi-layered mechanism of self-organization. Biosystems. 2005;82:107-15 pubmed
    ..Thus, the self-organization processes of starfish arm and tube feet movements are investigated, by observing obstacle avoidance behavior and tube feet of moving ..
  31. Leray M, Béraud M, Anker A, Chancerelle Y, Mills S. Acanthaster planci outbreak: decline in coral health, coral size structure modification and consequences for obligate decapod assemblages. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35456 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that the size structure of Pocillopora populations at the time of an A. planci outbreak may greatly condition the magnitude of coral mortality as well as the persistence of local populations of obligate decapods. ..
  32. Nakajima Y, Kaneko H, Murray G, Burke R. Divergent patterns of neural development in larval echinoids and asteroids. Evol Dev. 2004;6:95-104 pubmed
    ..Although there are several shared features of the larval nervous systems of echinoids and asteroids, the patterns of development reveal fundamental differences in neural ontogeny. ..
  33. Puppo A, Chun J, Gragnaniello G, Garante E, Santella L. Alteration of the cortical actin cytoskeleton deregulates Ca2+ signaling, monospermic fertilization, and sperm entry. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3588 pubmed publisher
  34. Reunov A, Crawford B. An ultrastructural study of oocyte atresia in the starfish Pisaster ochraceus. Zoology (Jena). 2010;113:295-300 pubmed publisher
    The alterations involved in oocyte atresia of the starfish Pisaster ochraceus were investigated using both light and electron microscopy. It was shown that atresia may be defined by three patterns of cell destruction...
  35. Passey S, Pellegrin S, Mellor H. What is in a filopodium? Starfish versus hedgehogs. Biochem Soc Trans. 2004;32:1115-7 pubmed
    ..Specifically, we highlight the differences between the filopodial extensions induced by the Rho GTPases Cdc42 and Rif...
  36. Hinman V, Davidson E. Evolutionary plasticity of developmental gene regulatory network architecture. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:19404-9 pubmed
    ..An emergent theme is that subcircuit design may be preserved even while the identity of genes performing given roles changes because of alteration in their cis-regulatory control systems. ..
  37. Brodie J, Fabricius K, De ath G, Okaji K. Are increased nutrient inputs responsible for more outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish? An appraisal of the evidence. Mar Pollut Bull. 2005;51:266-78 pubmed
    The cause(s) of primary outbreaks of the coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) are still subject to scientific controversy...
  38. Rubilar T, Pastor C, Díaz de Vivar E. Timing of fission in the starfish Allostichaster capensis (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in laboratory. Rev Biol Trop. 2005;53 Suppl 3:299-303 pubmed
    Timing of fission in the fissiparous starfish Allostichaster capensis under laboratory conditions is described. A...
  39. Marko P, Hart M. The complex analytical landscape of gene flow inference. Trends Ecol Evol. 2011;26:448-56 pubmed publisher
    ..We advocate for the expanded use and development of methods that consider spatial differentiation as the product of multiple forces interacting over time, and caution against a routine reliance on post-hoc gene flow interpretations. ..
  40. Kakiuchi M, Okino N, Sueyoshi N, Ichinose S, Omori A, Kawabata S, et al. Purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning of alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine-specific lectin from starfish, Asterina pectinifera. Glycobiology. 2002;12:85-94 pubmed
    ..here the purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning of a novel N-acetylgalactosamine-specific lectin from starfish, Asterina pectinifera...
  41. Gunaratne H, Yamagaki T, Matsumoto M, Hoshi M. Biochemical characterization of inner sugar chains of acrosome reaction-inducing substance in jelly coat of starfish eggs. Glycobiology. 2003;13:567-80 pubmed
    The inception of the acrosome reaction (AR) in the starfish Asterias amurensis is perceived to be strongly associated with sulfated polysaccharide chains derived from an extremely large proteoglycan-like molecule called AR-inducing ..
  42. Terasaki M, Okumura E, Hinkle B, Kishimoto T. Localization and dynamics of Cdc2-cyclin B during meiotic reinitiation in starfish oocytes. Mol Biol Cell. 2003;14:4685-94 pubmed
    The Cdc2-cyclin B kinase has a central role in regulating the onset of M phase. In starfish oocytes, Cdc2-cyclin B begins to be activated approximately 10 min after application of maturation hormone, followed by accumulation in the ..
  43. Ota E, Nagai H, Nagashima Y, Shiomi K. Molecular cloning of two toxic phospholipases A2 from the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci venom. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;143:54-60 pubmed publisher
    The full-length cDNAs encoding two toxic phospholipases A2 (AP-PLA2-I and -II) from the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci venom were individually cloned by RT-PCR, 3'RACE and 5'RACE...
  44. Higuchi R, Inoue S, Inagaki K, Sakai M, Miyamoto T, Komori T, et al. Biologically active glycosides from asteroidea, 42. Isolation and structure of a new biologically active ganglioside molecular species from the starfish Asterina pectinifera. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006;54:287-91 pubmed
    ..GP-3 (1) has been obtained from the water-soluble lipid fraction of the chloroform/methanol extract of the starfish Asterina pectinifera...
  45. Hara M, Mori M, Wada T, Tachibana K, Kishimoto T. Start of the embryonic cell cycle is dually locked in unfertilized starfish eggs. Development. 2009;136:1687-96 pubmed publisher
    ..To elucidate this link, we have used starfish eggs, in which G1 phase arrest occurs after completion of meiosis if the mature oocytes are not fertilized, and ..
  46. Koga H, Matsubara M, Fujitani H, Miyamoto N, Komatsu M, Kiyomoto M, et al. Functional evolution of Ets in echinoderms with focus on the evolution of echinoderm larval skeletons. Dev Genes Evol. 2010;220:107-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, Ets1/2 is suggested to be involved in adult skeletogenesis. Conversely, in starfish, although no skeletogenic cells differentiate during larval development, Ets1/2 is also expressed in the larval ..
  47. Abe Y, Okumura E, Hosoya T, Hirota T, Kishimoto T. A single starfish Aurora kinase performs the combined functions of Aurora-A and Aurora-B in human cells. J Cell Sci. 2010;123:3978-88 pubmed publisher
    ..We have isolated a cDNA of a single Aurora (ApAurora) from the echinoderm starfish, Asterina pectinifera, and show that ApAurora displays most features of both Aurora-A and Aurora-B in starfish ..
  48. Dong G, Xu T, Yang B, Lin X, Zhou X, Yang X, et al. Chemical constituents and bioactivities of starfish. Chem Biodivers. 2011;8:740-91 pubmed publisher
    b>Starfish have been the research topic in many chemical and pharmacological laboratories due to their complex secondary metabolites and diverse bioactivities...
  49. Martensen I, Schauer R, Shaw L. Cloning and expression of a membrane-bound CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase from the starfish Asterias rubens. Eur J Biochem. 2001;268:5157-66 pubmed
    ..Despite many similarities with its mammalian counterpart, CMP-Neu5Ac hydroxylase from the starfish A...
  50. Qi J, Ojika M, Sakagami Y. Linckosides A and B, two new neuritogenic steroid glycosides from the Okinawan starfish Linckia laevigata. Bioorg Med Chem. 2002;10:1961-6 pubmed
    Two new steroid glycosides, named linckosides A and B, were isolated from the Okinawan starfish Linckia laevigata, and their stereostructures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical derivatization...
  51. Lim D, Lange K, Santella L. Activation of oocytes by latrunculin A. FASEB J. 2002;16:1050-6 pubmed
    Actin depolymerization by latrunculin A (LAT-A) in mature starfish oocytes induces a massive calcium mobilization that results in the discharge of the cortical granules and in the elevation of the fertilization envelope...
  52. Ohta E, Okada H, Ohta S, Kobayashi M, Kitagawa I, Horiike S, et al. Malformation of immature starfish oocytes by theonellapeptolide Ie, a Tridecapeptide lactone from a marine sponge Petrosia species, through disturbance of cortical F-actin distribution. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003;67:1908-15 pubmed
    ..was shown to induce an unprecedented morphological change in the immature oocytes of the starfish Asterina pectinifera...
  53. Moccia F, Lim D, Kyozuka K, Santella L. NAADP triggers the fertilization potential in starfish oocytes. Cell Calcium. 2004;36:515-24 pubmed
    ..to assess whether nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) elicited the fertilization potential in starfish oocytes...
  54. Kyozuka K, Chun J, Puppo A, Gragnaniello G, Garante E, Santella L. Actin cytoskeleton modulates calcium signaling during maturation of starfish oocytes. Dev Biol. 2008;320:426-35 pubmed publisher
    Before successful fertilization can occur, oocytes must undergo meiotic maturation. In starfish, this can be achieved in vitro by applying 1-methyladenine (1-MA). The immediate response to 1-MA is the fast Ca2+ release in the cell cortex...
  55. Yasuda N, Nagai S, Hamaguchi M, Okaji K, Gérard K, Nadaoka K. Gene flow of Acanthaster planci (L.) in relation to ocean currents revealed by microsatellite analysis. Mol Ecol. 2009;18:1574-90 pubmed publisher
    Population outbreaks of the coral-eating starfish, Acanthaster planci, are hypothesized to spread to many localities in the Indo-Pacific Ocean through dispersal of planktonic larvae. To elucidate the gene flow of A...
  56. Bachali S, Bailly X, Jollès J, Jollès P, Deutsch J. The lysozyme of the starfish Asterias rubens. A paradygmatic type i lysozyme. Eur J Biochem. 2004;271:237-42 pubmed
    On the basis of a partial N-terminal sequence, Jollès and Jollès previously proposed that the lysozyme from the starfish Asterias rubens represents a new form of lysozyme, called type i (invertebrate) lysozyme...
  57. Chun J, Santella L. Roles of the actin-binding proteins in intracellular Ca2+ signalling. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2009;195:61-70 pubmed publisher
    b>Starfish oocytes undergo massive intracellular Ca2+ signalling during meiotic maturation and fertilization...
  58. Chun J, Puppo A, Vasilev F, Gragnaniello G, Garante E, Santella L. The biphasic increase of PIP2 in the fertilized eggs of starfish: new roles in actin polymerization and Ca2+ signaling. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e14100 pubmed publisher
  59. Senturia R, Laganowsky A, Barr I, Scheidemantle B, Guo F. Dimerization and heme binding are conserved in amphibian and starfish homologues of the microRNA processing protein DGCR8. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39688 pubmed publisher
    ..The structure is very similar to that of human DGCR8. Our results indicate that dimerization and heme binding are evolutionarily conserved properties of DGCR8 homologues not only in vertebrates, but also in at least some invertebrates...
  60. Hwang S, Wu J, Chen C, Hui C, Chen C. Novel pattern of AtXlox gene expression in starfish Archaster typicus embryos. Dev Growth Differ. 2003;45:85-93 pubmed
    An Xlox homologue gene (AtXlox) was identified in the starfish Archaster typicus. The gene consists of two exons, and encodes a polypeptide containing 228 amino acids. Although AtXlox shared 54.6 and 50...
  61. Zhang Q, Tamura M, Uetake Y, Washitani Nemoto S, Nemoto S. Regulation of the paternal inheritance of centrosomes in starfish zygotes. Dev Biol. 2004;266:190-200 pubmed
  62. Fein A, Terasaki M. Rapid increase in plasma membrane chloride permeability during wound resealing in starfish oocytes. J Gen Physiol. 2005;126:151-9 pubmed
    ..We suggest that the chloride sensitivity of the membrane potential, after wound resealing, is due to the fusion of chloride-permeable intracellular membranes with the plasma membrane...
  63. Han C, Qi J, Ojika M. Structure-activity relationships of novel neuritogenic steroid glycosides from the Okinawan starfish Linckia laevigata. Bioorg Med Chem. 2006;14:4458-65 pubmed
    Six new steroid glycosides, linckosides F-K, and a related metabolite were isolated from the Okinawan blue starfish Linckia laevigata as mimics or enhancers of nerve growth factor (NGF)...
  64. Pratchett M, Schenk T, Baine M, Syms C, Baird A. Selective coral mortality associated with outbreaks of Acanthaster planci L. in Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea. Mar Environ Res. 2009;67:230-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In the absence of any other major disturbances these coral communities are likely to quickly recover, but this outbreak highlights the ongoing contribution of A. planci to degradation of coral reef environments...
  65. Terasaki M, Runft L. Two-stage dependence for 1-methyladenine induced reinitiation of meiotic maturation in starfish oocytes. Exp Cell Res. 2010;316:2654-63 pubmed publisher
    The maturation hormone 1-methyladenine (1-MA) causes meiotic resumption of prophase arrested immature starfish oocytes. Continuous exposure to > or = 0...
  66. Terasaki M, Campagnola P, Rolls M, Stein P, Ellenberg J, Hinkle B, et al. A new model for nuclear envelope breakdown. Mol Biol Cell. 2001;12:503-10 pubmed
    Nuclear envelope breakdown was investigated during meiotic maturation of starfish oocytes. Fluorescent 70-kDa dextran entry, as monitored by confocal microscopy, consists of two phases, a slow uniform increase and then a massive wave...
  67. Nusco G, Lim D, Sabala P, Santella L. Ca(2+) response to cADPr during maturation and fertilization of starfish oocytes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002;290:1015-21 pubmed
    During the reinitiation of the meiotic cycle (maturation) induced by the hormone 1-methyladenine (1-MA), starfish oocytes undergo structural and biochemical changes in preparation for successful fertilization...
  68. Kalinowski R, Jaffe L, Foltz K, Giusti A. A receptor linked to a Gi-family G-protein functions in initiating oocyte maturation in starfish but not frogs. Dev Biol. 2003;253:139-49 pubmed
    The stimulation of oocyte maturation by 1-methyladenine in starfish, and by a steroid in frogs, has been proposed to involve G-protein-coupled receptors...
  69. Miyawaki K, Yamamoto M, Saito K, Saito S, Kobayashi N, Matsuda S. Nuclear localization of beta-catenin in vegetal pole cells during early embryogenesis of the starfish Asterina pectinifera. Dev Growth Differ. 2003;45:121-8 pubmed
    ..In this study, the distribution pattern of beta-catenin during starfish embryogenesis was investigated using immunohistochemistry...
  70. Okano Uchida T, Okumura E, Iwashita M, Yoshida H, Tachibana K, Kishimoto T. Distinct regulators for Plk1 activation in starfish meiotic and early embryonic cycles. EMBO J. 2003;22:5633-42 pubmed
    ..Here we have studied the interplay between Plk1 and Cdc2 through meiotic and early embryonic cycles in starfish. Distinct kinases, cyclin B-Cdc2, MAPK along with cyclin B- and/or cyclin A-Cdc2 and cyclin A-Cdc2, were unique ..
  71. Wulff J. Sponge systematics by starfish: predators distinguish cryptic sympatric species of Caribbean fire sponges, Tedania ignis and Tedania klausi n. sp. (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida). Biol Bull. 2006;211:83-94 pubmed
    ..T. ignis is readily consumed by seagrass-dwelling starfish, and so finding sponges similar to this species in a seagrass meadow provoked closer scrutiny...
  72. Hamaguchi Y, Numata T, K Satoh S. Quantitative analysis of cortical actin filaments during polar body formation in starfish oocytes. Cell Struct Funct. 2007;32:29-40 pubmed
    ..of polar body formation, morphological changes at the animal pole were investigated in living oocytes of the starfish, Asterina pectinifera, and the amounts of cortical actin filaments were quantitatively estimated after staining ..
  73. Keever C, Sunday J, Puritz J, Addison J, Toonen R, Grosberg R, et al. Discordant distribution of populations and genetic variation in a sea star with high dispersal potential. Evolution. 2009;63:3214-27 pubmed publisher
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    Our knowledge at present on the structure of acrosome-reaction inducing substance (ARIS) in the jelly coat of starfish eggs is summarized...
  75. Iwasaki H, Chiba K, Uchiyama T, Yoshikawa F, Suzuki F, Ikeda M, et al. Molecular characterization of the starfish inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor and its role during oocyte maturation and fertilization. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:2763-72 pubmed
    ..b>Starfish oocytes have often been used to study intracellular calcium mobilization during oocyte maturation and ..
  76. Shih L, Chen C, Chen C, Hwang S. Identification and characterization of bone morphogenetic protein 2/4 gene from the starfish Archaster typicus. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;131:143-51 pubmed
    A bone morphogenetic protein 2/4 (BMP2/4) gene has been cloned from the starfish, Archaster typicus, for the purpose of investigating the expression pattern of the BMP4 gene in echinoderm embryos which do not produce micromeres...
  77. Hinman V, Nguyen A, Davidson E. Expression and function of a starfish Otx ortholog, AmOtx: a conserved role for Otx proteins in endoderm development that predates divergence of the eleutherozoa. Mech Dev. 2003;120:1165-76 pubmed
    ..To determine if this is a basal Otx function in echinoderms we have studied the role of an Otx ortholog in a starfish, Asterina miniata...
  78. Inagaki M, Ikeda Y, Kawatake S, Nakamura K, Tanaka M, Misawa E, et al. Isolation and structure of four new ceramides from the starfish Luidia maculata. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006;54:1647-9 pubmed
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    b>Starfish oocytes are arrested at the first prophase of meiosis until they are stimulated by 1-methyladenine (1-MA)...
  80. Maoka T, Akimoto N, Terada Y, Komemushi S, Harada R, Sameshima N, et al. Structure of minor carotenoids from the crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:675-8 pubmed publisher
    ..2), 3'-epigobiusxanthin (3), and 7,8-dihydrodiadinoxanthin (4), were isolated from the crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci. Their structures were determined on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic data.
  81. Lim D, Kyozuka K, Gragnaniello G, Carafoli E, Santella L. NAADP+ initiates the Ca2+ response during fertilization of starfish oocytes. FASEB J. 2001;15:2257-67 pubmed
    ..nicotinic acid adenine nucleotide phosphate (NAADP+) in Ca2+ swings that accompany the fertilization process in starfish oocytes...
  82. Hinman V, Davidson E. Expression of a gene encoding a Gata transcription factor during embryogenesis of the starfish Asterina miniata. Gene Expr Patterns. 2003;3:419-22 pubmed
    ..We have cloned the ortholog of this gene, AmGatae, from a distantly related echinoderm, the starfish Asterina miniata. Expression of AmGatae is first detected in a ring around the vegetal pole of the blastula...
  83. Ivanova E, Gorshkova N, Sawabe T, Zhukova N, Hayashi K, Kurilenko V, et al. Sulfitobacter delicatus sp. nov. and Sulfitobacter dubius sp. nov., respectively from a starfish (Stellaster equestris) and sea grass (Zostera marina). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:475-80 pubmed
    ..Strains KMM 3584(T), a pale-yellowish, non-motile strain isolated from a starfish (Stellaster equestris), and KMM 3554(T), which is motile by means of a single subpolar flagellum and was isolated ..
  84. Lenart P, Bacher C, Daigle N, Hand A, Eils R, Terasaki M, et al. A contractile nuclear actin network drives chromosome congression in oocytes. Nature. 2005;436:812-8 pubmed
    ..Here we investigate chromosome congression during the first meiotic division in starfish oocytes. We show that microtubules are not sufficient for capturing chromosomes...
  85. Inagaki M, Nakata T, Higuchi R. Isolation and structure of a galactocerebroside molecular species from the starfish Culcita novaeguineae. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006;54:260-1 pubmed
    ..species, CNC-2, has been isolated from the less polar lipid fraction of a chloroform/methanol extract of the starfish Culcita novaeguineae...
  86. Farokhi F, Wielgosz Collin G, Clement M, Kornprobst J, Barnathan G. Cytotoxicity on human cancer cells of ophidiacerebrosides isolated from the African starfish Narcissia canariensis. Mar Drugs. 2010;8:2988-98 pubmed publisher
    The starfish Narcissia canariensis harvested from the coasts off Dakar, Senegal, was investigated for glycolipids (GL)...
  87. Kishimoto T. A primer on meiotic resumption in starfish oocytes: the proposed signaling pathway triggered by maturation-inducing hormone. Mol Reprod Dev. 2011;78:704-7 pubmed publisher
    This short review updates the maturation-inducing hormonal signaling in starfish oocytes. In this system, the activation of cyclin B-Cdc2 kinase (Cdk1) that leads to meiotic resumption does not require new protein synthesis...
  88. Timmers M, Bird C, Skillings D, Smouse P, Toonen R. There's no place like home: crown-of-thorns outbreaks in the central pacific are regionally derived and independent events. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31159 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, outbreaks that occur at similar times across population partitions are genetically independent and likely due to nutrient inputs and similar climatic and ecological conditions that conspire to fuel plankton blooms...
  89. Díaz de Vivar M, Seldes A, Maier M. Two novel glucosylceramides from gonads and body walls of the Patagonian starfish Allostichaster inaequalis. Lipids. 2002;37:597-603 pubmed
    ..lipid fraction of the chloroform/methanol/water extract of the gonads and body walls of the Patagonian starfish Allostichaster inaequalis, two new glucosylceramides (4 and 7) were isolated together with the known phalluside-1 ..
  90. Moccia F, Lim D, Nusco G, Ercolano E, Santella L. NAADP activates a Ca2+ current that is dependent on F-actin cytoskeleton. FASEB J. 2003;17:1907-9 pubmed
    ..phosphate (NAADP) is involved in the Ca2+ response observed at fertilization in several species, including starfish. In this study, we have employed Ca2+ imaging and the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique to investigate ..
  91. Liu H, Namikoshi M, Akano K, Kobayashi H, Nagai H, Yao X. Seven new meroditerpenoids, from the marine sponge Strongylophora strongylata, that inhibited the maturation of starfish oocytes. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2005;7:661-70 pubmed
    ..with the four known strongylophorines 2 (8), 3 (9), 4 (10), and 8 (11) by a screening method using oocytes of the starfish Asterina pectinifera from a marine sponge Strongylophora strongylata collected at Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan...
  92. Terasaki M. Quantification of fluorescence in thick specimens, with an application to cyclin B-GFP expression in starfish oocytes. Biol Cell. 2006;98:245-52 pubmed