Summary: A genus of SEA URCHINS synonymous with Heliocidaris, belonging to the family Echinometridae.

Top Publications

  1. Jiao H, Shang X, Dong Q, Wang S, Liu X, Zheng H, et al. Polysaccharide Constituents of Three Types of Sea Urchin Shells and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activities. Mar Drugs. 2015;13:5882-900 pubmed publisher
    ..The gonad polysaccharide of Anthocidaris crassispina showed the most potent anti-inflammatory activity among all samples tested.
  2. Shiba K, Inaba K. Inverse relationship of Ca2+-dependent flagellar response between animal sperm and prasinophyte algae. J Plant Res. 2017;130:465-473 pubmed publisher
    ..These patterns of flagellar responses are completely opposite to those in sperm flagella of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina, supporting the idea previously proposed that the difference in flagellar response to Ca2+
  3. Evans J, Marshall D. Male-by-female interactions influence fertilization success and mediate the benefits of polyandry in the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Evolution. 2005;59:106-12 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these findings highlight the importance of male x female interactions at fertilization and suggest that polyandry will enable females to reduce the cost of fertilization by incompatible gametes...
  4. Dheilly N, Haynes P, Raftos D, Nair S. Time course proteomic profiling of cellular responses to immunological challenge in the sea urchin, Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Dev Comp Immunol. 2012;37:243-56 pubmed publisher
    ..An initial systemic reaction to wounding was followed by a more specific response to immunological challenge involving proteins such as apolipophorin, dual oxidase, fibrocystin L, aminopeptidase N and ?-2-macroglobulin...
  5. Reunov A. Premeiotic transformation of germ plasm-related structures during the sea urchin spermatogenesis. Zygote. 2013;21:95-101 pubmed publisher
    ..structures (GPRS) and the transformation that occurs to them during the spermatogenesis of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina were studied by electron microscopy and morphometry...
  6. Hayashi S, Shingyoji C. Bending-induced switching of dynein activity in elastase-treated axonemes of sea urchin sperm--roles of Ca2+ and ADP. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2009;66:292-301 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that ADP-dependent activation of dynein, probably resulting from ADP-binding to dynein, is involved in the regulation of the bending-induced switching of dynein activity in flagella...
  7. Fitzpatrick J, Garcia Gonzalez F, Evans J. Linking sperm length and velocity: the importance of intramale variation. Biol Lett. 2010;6:797-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings also suggest that selection for faster swimming sperm may promote the evolution of longer sperm, thereby supporting recent findings from macroevolutionary studies...
  8. Dheilly N, Birch D, Nair S, Raftos D. Ultrastructural localization of highly variable 185/333 immune response proteins in the coelomocytes of the sea urchin, Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Immunol Cell Biol. 2011;89:861-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The association between 185/333 proteins on gut amoebocytes and anuclear bodies suggests that these proteins may be involved in the phagocytosis of microbes in the gut epithelium. ..
  9. Morris V. Coelomogenesis during the abbreviated development of the echinoid Heliocidaris erythrogramma and the developmental origin of the echinoderm pentameral body plan. Evol Dev. 2011;13:370-81 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Raff E, Schollaert K, Nelson D, Donoghue P, Thomas C, Turner F, et al. Embryo fossilization is a biological process mediated by microbial biofilms. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:19360-5 pubmed publisher
  2. Smith M, Turner F, Raff R. Nodal expression and heterochrony in the evolution of dorsal-ventral and left-right axes formation in the direct-developing sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2008;310:609-22 pubmed publisher
    ..These highly modified events are linked to the dramatic modifications of larval morphology that have occurred during the evolution of direct development in H. erythrogramma...
  3. Peng J, Yuan J, Wang J. Effect of diets supplemented with different sources of astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Nutrients. 2012;4:922-34 pubmed
    ..Haematococcus pluvialis and Chorella zofingiensis, and synthetic astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was studied. The basal diet was supplemented with H. pluvialis, C...
  4. Binks R, Prince J, Evans J, Kennington W. More than bindin divergence: reproductive isolation between sympatric subspecies of a sea urchin by asynchronous spawning. Evolution. 2012;66:3545-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Western Australian H. erythrogramma may therefore present an intriguing case of incipient speciation, which depends on long-term persistence of the factors underlying this spawning asynchrony...
  5. Lymbery R, Evans J. Genetic variation underlies temperature tolerance of embryos in the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma armigera. J Evol Biol. 2013;26:2271-82 pubmed publisher
  6. Marshall D, Bolton T. Effects of egg size on the development time of non-feeding larvae. Biol Bull. 2007;212:6-11 pubmed
    ..The substantial variation in egg sizes observed within broods may represent a bet-hedging strategy by which offspring with variable dispersal potentials are produced...
  7. Reunov A, Yurchenko O, Kalachev A, Au D. An ultrastructural study of phagocytosis and shrinkage in nutritive phagocytes of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Cell Tissue Res. 2004;318:419-28 pubmed
    ..and postspawning shrinkage were studied for accessory cells (nutritive phagocytes; NPs) of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina...
  8. Koop D, Cisternas P, Morris V, Strbenac D, Yang J, Wray G, et al. Nodal and BMP expression during the transition to pentamery in the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma: insights into patterning the enigmatic echinoderm body plan. BMC Dev Biol. 2017;17:4 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that the Nodal and BMP2/4 signalling cascades might have been duplicated or split during the evolution to pentamery. ..