Summary: A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.

Top Publications

  1. Turner H, Lieshout N, Van Ginkel W, Menken S. Molecular phylogeny of the small ermine moth genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) in the palaearctic. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9933 pubmed publisher
    The small ermine moth genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) contains 76 species that are specialist feeders on hosts from Celastraceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, and several other plant families...
  2. Sehlmeyer S, Wang L, Langel D, Heckel D, Mohagheghi H, Petschenka G, et al. Flavin-dependent monooxygenases as a detoxification mechanism in insects: new insights from the arctiids (lepidoptera). PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10435 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the previously identified senecionine N-oxygenase of the arctiid moth Tyria jacobaeae (Lepidoptera) indicates that FMOs have been recruited during the adaptation of this insect to plants that accumulate toxic ..
  3. Zhang H, Tian W, Zhao J, Jin L, Yang J, Liu C, et al. Diverse genetic basis of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton in cotton bollworm from China. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:10275-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that resistance management strategies must account for diverse resistance alleles in field-selected populations, including nonrecessive alleles...
  4. Cao Y, Ma C, Chen J, Yang D. The complete mitochondrial genomes of two ghost moths, Thitarodes renzhiensis and Thitarodes yunnanensis: the ancestral gene arrangement in Lepidoptera. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:276 pubmed publisher
    b>Lepidoptera encompasses more than 160,000 described species that have been classified into 45-48 superfamilies...
  5. Liu Q, Zhu B, Dai L, Liu C. The complete mitogenome of Bombyx mori strain Dazao (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) and comparison with other lepidopteran insects. Genomics. 2013;101:64-73 pubmed publisher
    The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Bombyx mori strain Dazao (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) was determined to be 15,653bp, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a A+T-rich region...
  6. Vorsino A, King C, Haines W, Rubinoff D. Modeling the habitat retreat of the rediscovered endemic Hawaiian moth Omiodes continuatalis Wallengren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e51885 pubmed publisher
    ..years indicate that populations of the endemic Hawaiian leafroller moth, Omiodes continuatalis (Wallengren) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), have declined, and the species is extirpated from large portions of its original range...
  7. Soleño J, Anguiano O, Cichón L, Garrido S, Montagna C. Geographic variability in response to azinphos-methyl in field-collected populations of Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from Argentina. Pest Manag Sci. 2012;68:1451-7 pubmed publisher
  8. Qin X, Guan Q, Zeng D, Qin F, Li H. Complete mitochondrial genome of Kallima inachus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae): comparison of K. inachus and Argynnis hyperbius. Mitochondrial DNA. 2012;23:318-20 pubmed publisher
    In this paper, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Kallima inachus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae), which is considered a rare species in China. The genome is 15,183 bp in size...
  9. Alvi A, Sayyed A, Naeem M, Ali M. Field evolved resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac in Pakistan. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47309 pubmed publisher
    ..Resistance to Cry1Ac was probably due to a single but unstable factor suggesting that crop rotation with non-Bt cotton or other crops could reduce the selection pressure for H. armigera and improve the sustainability of Bt cotton...

More Information

Publications119 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hagström A, Walther A, WENDLAND J, Löfstedt C. Subcellular localization of the fatty acyl reductase involved in pheromone biosynthesis in the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera). Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2013;43:510-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These results, together with previous data on the localization of desaturases, confirm the importance of the ER as a subcellular site of pheromone production...
  2. Zotti M, De Geyter E, Swevers L, Braz A, Scott L, Roug P, et al. A cell-based reporter assay for screening for EcR agonist/antagonist activity of natural ecdysteroids in Lepidoptera (Bm5) and Diptera (S2) cell cultures, followed by modeling of ecdysteroid-EcR interactions and normal mode analysis. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2013;107:309-20 pubmed publisher
  3. De Geyter E, Swevers L, Caccia S, Geelen D, Smagghe G. Saponins show high entomotoxicity by cell membrane permeation in Lepidoptera. Pest Manag Sci. 2012;68:1199-205 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the entomotoxic action of Q. saponaria saponin with primary midgut cell cultures and larval stages of the cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis was tested...
  4. Tian D, Peiffer M, Shoemaker E, Tooker J, Haubruge E, Francis F, et al. Salivary glucose oxidase from caterpillars mediates the induction of rapid and delayed-induced defenses in the tomato plant. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36168 pubmed publisher
    ..Examination of saliva from other caterpillar species indicates that saliva from the noctuids Spodoptera exigua and Heliothis virescens also induced Pin2 transcripts...
  5. Mutanen M, Hausmann A, Hebert P, Landry J, de Waard J, Huemer P. Allopatry as a gordian knot for taxonomists: patterns of DNA barcode divergence in arctic-alpine lepidoptera. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47214 pubmed publisher
    ..on the levels and patterns of sequence divergence among populations of 122 arctic-alpine species of Lepidoptera from the Alps, Fennoscandia and North America...
  6. Li S, Yang H, LIU Y, Liao Q, Du J, Jin D. Transcriptome and gene expression analysis of the rice leaf folder, Cnaphalocrosis medinalis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47401 pubmed publisher
    The rice leaf folder (RLF), Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), is one of the most destructive pests affecting rice in Asia...
  7. D Amico V, Slavicek J, Podgwaite J, Webb R, Fuester R, Peiffer R. Deletion of v-chiA from a baculovirus reduces horizontal transmission in the field. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:4056-64 pubmed publisher
    Nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) can initiate devastating disease outbreaks in populations of defoliating Lepidoptera, a fact that has been exploited for the purposes of biological control of some pest insects...
  8. Wang J, Cao T, Xuan S, Wang H, Zhang M, Ma E. The complete mitochondrial genome of Sasakia funebris (Leech) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and comparison with other Apaturinae insects. Gene. 2013;526:277-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The S. funebris A+T-rich region of 370 bp contains several features common to the Lepidoptera insects, including the motif ATAGA followed by a 19 bp poly-T stretch, and two tandem repeats consisting of 18 ..
  9. Chai H, Du Y, Zhai B. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genomes of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Int J Biol Sci. 2012;8:561-79 pubmed publisher
    The complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) were determined and analyzed. The circular genomes were 15,388 bp long for C. medinalis and 15,395 bp long for C...
  10. Wang J, Li Y, Han Z, Zhu Y, Xie Z, Wang J, et al. Molecular characterization of a ryanodine receptor gene in the rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenée). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36623 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results imply that alternative splicing may be a major means of generating functional diversity in C. medinalis RyR channel...
  11. Sormacheva I, Smyshlyaev G, Mayorov V, Blinov A, Novikov A, Novikova O. Vertical evolution and horizontal transfer of CR1 non-LTR retrotransposons and Tc1/mariner DNA transposons in Lepidoptera species. Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:3685-702 pubmed publisher
    ..2007. CR1 clade of non-LTR retrotransposons from Maculinea butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): evidence for recent horizontal transmission. BMC Evol Biol. 7:93)...
  12. Sohn J, Regier J, Mitter C, Davis D, Landry J, Zwick A, et al. A molecular phylogeny for yponomeutoidea (insecta, Lepidoptera, ditrysia) and its implications for classification, biogeography and the evolution of host plant use. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55066 pubmed publisher
    Yponomeutoidea, one of the early-diverging lineages of ditrysian Lepidoptera, comprise about 1,800 species worldwide, including notable pests and insect-plant interaction models...
  13. Qu M, Yang Q. Physiological significance of alternatively spliced exon combinations of the single-copy gene class A chitin synthase in the insect Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera). Insect Mol Biol. 2012;21:395-404 pubmed publisher
    ..Spliced exons 2a and 2b have also been observed in Bombyx mori; therefore, this work provides new insights into the regulation of insect chitin synthase, particularly in lepidopteran insects...
  14. Tang X, Freitak D, Vogel H, Ping L, Shao Y, Cordero E, et al. Complexity and variability of gut commensal microbiota in polyphagous lepidopteran larvae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36978 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the complexity, dynamics and types of interactions between the insect hosts and their gut microbiota are far from being well understood...
  15. Navarro Cerrillo G, Hernández Martínez P, Vogel H, Ferre J, Herrero S. A new gene superfamily of pathogen-response (repat) genes in Lepidoptera: classification and expression analysis. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2013;164:10-7 pubmed publisher
    Repat (REsponse to PAThogens) genes were first identified in the midgut of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in response to Bacillus thuringiensis and baculovirus exposure...
  16. Tay W, Soria M, Walsh T, Thomazoni D, Silvie P, Behere G, et al. A brave new world for an old world pest: Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e80134 pubmed publisher
    ..The economic, biosecurity, resistance management, ecological and evolutionary implications of this incursion are discussed in relation to the current agricultural practices in the Americas. ..
  17. Karlhofer J, Schafellner C, Hoch G. Reduced activity of juvenile hormone esterase in microsporidia-infected Lymantria dispar larvae. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;110:126-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This disturbance of JH metabolism may be due to generally impaired fat body functions and high demand for resources by the developing pathogen. ..
  18. Moreira M, Dos Santos M, Beserra E, Torres J, de Almeida R. [Parasitism and superparasitism of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on Sitotroga cerealella (Oliver) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) eggs]. Neotrop Entomol. 2009;38:237-42 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, T. pretiosum was able to recognize previously parasitized eggs and the superparasitism reduced the parasitoid.reproductive success. ..
  19. Santos V, de Siqueira H, da Silva J, de Farias M. Insecticide resistance in populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Neotrop Entomol. 2011;40:264-70 pubmed
    ..These results indicated that control failures were associated with resistance by some of the evaluated insecticides, reinforcing the need for resistance management in areas of the state of Pernambuco. ..
  20. Summerville K. Managing the forest for more than the trees: effects of experimental timber harvest on forest Lepidoptera. Ecol Appl. 2011;21:806-16 pubmed
    ..of a landscape-scale, before-and-after, treatment-control experiment designed to test how communities of forest Lepidoptera experience (1) changes in species richness and composition and (2) shifts in species dominance one year after ..
  21. Sihvonen P, Mutanen M, Kaila L, Brehm G, Hausmann A, Staude H. Comprehensive molecular sampling yields a robust phylogeny for geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20356 pubmed publisher
    ..inchworms or loopers), with approximately 23,000 described species, is the second most diverse family of the Lepidoptera. Apart from a few recent attempts based on morphology and molecular studies, the phylogeny of these moths has ..
  22. Sanchez V, Hernández Baños B, Cordero C. The evolution of a female genital trait widely distributed in the Lepidoptera: comparative evidence for an effect of sexual coevolution. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e22642 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that signa are a product of sexually antagonistic coevolution with spermatophore envelopes. ..
  23. Wang Y, Liu T, Yang Q, Li Z, Qian X. A modeling study for structure features of ?-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase from Ostrinia furnacalis and its novel inhibitor allosamidin: species selectivity and multi-target characteristics. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2012;79:572-82 pubmed publisher
  24. Qin F, Jiang G, Zhou S. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Teinopalpus aureus guangxiensis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) and related phylogenetic analyses. Mitochondrial DNA. 2012;23:123-5 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Teinopalpus aureus guangxiensis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), which is considered as an endemic species in China...
  25. Yonemura N, Mita K, Tamura T, Sehnal F. Conservation of silk genes in Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. J Mol Evol. 2009;68:641-53 pubmed publisher
    Larvae of the sister orders Trichoptera and Lepidoptera are characterized by silk secretion from a pair of labial glands...
  26. Hernández J, Osborn F, Herrera B, Liendo Barandiaran C, Perozo J, Velásquez D. [Larvae-pupae parasitoids of Hylesia metabus Cramer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) in northeastern Venezuela: a case of natural biological control]. Neotrop Entomol. 2009;38:243-50 pubmed
    ..The variations in the populations of H. metabus and its parasitoids in the areas studied are discussed. Belvosia spp. and S. lambens may have potential for use in integrated management program of H. metabus. ..
  27. Anilkumar K, Sivasupramaniam S, Head G, Orth R, van Santen E, Moar W. Synergistic interactions between Cry1Ac and natural cotton defenses limit survival of Cry1Ac-resistant Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Bt cotton. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:785-95 pubmed publisher
    ..those fed gossypol plus Cry1Ac. These results may help explain the inability of Cry1Ac-resistant H. zea to complete development on Bt cotton, and the absence of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton by this pest. ..
  28. Weaver R, Marco H, Simek P, Audsley N, Clark K, Gäde G. Adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) of sphingid Lepidoptera, including the identification of a second M. sexta AKH. Peptides. 2012;34:44-50 pubmed publisher
    ..sexta. The potential implications of a second AKH, in M. sexta in particular, are discussed in relation to putative receptor(s). ..
  29. Liblikas I, Mozūraitis R, Santangelo E, Noreika R, Borg Karlson A. Syntheses, characterizations, and biological activities of tetradeca-4,8-dien-1-yl acetates as sex attractants of leaf-mining moth of the genus Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Chem Biodivers. 2009;6:1388-403 pubmed publisher
    ..4E,8E)-Tetradeca-4,8-dien-1-yl acetate was the most efficient attractant for Ph. esperella and Ph. saportella males, and (4E,8Z)-tetradeca-4,8-dien-1-yl acetate was attractive to Ph. cerasicolella males. ..
  30. Espinel Correal C, Lery X, Villamizar L, Gomez J, Zeddam J, Cotes A, et al. Genetic and biological analysis of Colombian Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus isolated from Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:7617-25 pubmed publisher
    Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is an invasive potato pest of the north of South America that recently colonized zones where Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), a taxonomically related insect, was established...
  31. Wilson J. Assessing the value of DNA barcodes for molecular phylogenetics: effect of increased taxon sampling in lepidoptera. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24769 pubmed publisher
  32. Molleman F, Javoiš J, Esperk T, Teder T, Davis R, Tammaru T. Sexual differences in weight loss upon eclosion are related to life history strategy in Lepidoptera. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:712-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied weight loss in eclosing insects using original data on pupal and adult live weights of 38 species of Lepidoptera (mainly Geometridae) and further literature data on 15 species of Lepidoptera and six representatives of other ..
  33. Liu T, Zhang H, Liu F, Chen L, Shen X, Yang Q. Active-pocket size differentiating insectile from bacterial chitinolytic ?-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidases. Biochem J. 2011;438:467-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The structural differences among chitinolytic ?-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidases leading to different sensitivities to PUGNAc may be useful for developing species-specific pesticides and bactericides. ..
  34. Fallon J, Troy N, Kavanagh K. Pre-exposure of Galleria mellonella larvae to different doses of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia causes differential activation of cellular and humoral immune responses. Virulence. 2011;2:413-21 pubmed publisher
  35. Rees J, Jarrett P, Ellar D. Peritrophic membrane contribution to Bt Cry delta-endotoxin susceptibility in Lepidoptera and the effect of Calcofluor. J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;100:139-46 pubmed
    ..This study therefore concludes that Calcofluor is not as suitable as other toxin enhancing agents such as chitinase. ..
  36. Krenn H. Feeding mechanisms of adult Lepidoptera: structure, function, and evolution of the mouthparts. Annu Rev Entomol. 2010;55:307-27 pubmed publisher
    The form and function of the mouthparts in adult Lepidoptera and their feeding behavior are reviewed from evolutionary and ecological points of view...
  37. Craft K, Pauls S, Darrow K, Miller S, Hebert P, Helgen L, et al. Population genetics of ecological communities with DNA barcodes: an example from New Guinea Lepidoptera. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:5041-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Contradictory estimates of host specificity and beta diversity in tropical Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) from New Guinea and the Americas have sparked debate on the role of host-associated ..
  38. Kelly J, Kavanagh K. Caspofungin primes the immune response of the larvae of Galleria mellonella and induces a non-specific antimicrobial response. J Med Microbiol. 2011;60:189-96 pubmed publisher
    ..mellonella larvae, and this is due to the antifungal properties of caspofungin and also to the ability of caspofungin to prime the insect's immune response...
  39. Bernardi O, Malvestiti G, Dourado P, Oliveira W, Martinelli S, Berger G, et al. Assessment of the high-dose concept and level of control provided by MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean against Anticarsia gemmatalis and Pseudoplusia includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. Pest Manag Sci. 2012;68:1083-91 pubmed publisher
  40. Margam V, Coates B, Bayles D, Hellmich R, Agunbiade T, Seufferheld M, et al. Transcriptome sequencing, and rapid development and application of SNP markers for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21388 pubmed publisher
    The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is an insect pest species of crops grown by subsistence farmers in tropical regions of Africa...
  41. Santos H, Paiva M, Tavares C, Kerdelhue C, Branco M. Temperature niche shift observed in a Lepidoptera population under allochronic divergence. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:1897-905 pubmed publisher
    ..to high temperatures was identified using a rare model system, consisting of two sympatric populations of a Lepidoptera (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) with different life cycle timings, a 'mutant' population with summer larval ..
  42. Coates B, Hellmich R, Grant D, Abel C. Mobilizing the genome of Lepidoptera through novel sequence gains and end creation by non-autonomous Lep1 Helitrons. DNA Res. 2012;19:11-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings are important in understanding the structural requirements of genomic DNA sequences that are acquired and transposed by Helitron-like TEs. ..
  43. Ohshima I, Yoshizawa K. Differential introgression causes genealogical discordance in host races of Acrocercops transecta (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Mol Ecol. 2010;19:2106-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the results show that a low level of gene flow coupled with the inflexible female host preference differentiates histories of divergence between maternally and biparentally inherited genes in this host race system. ..
  44. Tack A, Gripenberg S, Roslin T. Can we predict indirect interactions from quantitative food webs?--an experimental approach. J Anim Ecol. 2011;80:108-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, it proves the potential for versatile indirect interactions in nature, and suggests that the link between patterns in food web structure and realized population dynamics should be verified by rigorous experiments. ..
  45. Kaila L, Mutanen M, Nyman T. Phylogeny of the mega-diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera): adaptations and determinants of success. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;61:801-9 pubmed publisher
  46. Silva Brandão K, Lyra M, Freitas A. Barcoding lepidoptera: current situation and perspectives on the usefulness of a contentious technique. Neotrop Entomol. 2009;38:441-51 pubmed
    ..For insects of the order Lepidoptera neither side seems totally correct or wrong, and although many groups of lepidopterans have been taxonomically ..
  47. Lumley L, Sperling F. Utility of microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA for species delimitation in the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) species complex (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;58:232-43 pubmed publisher
  48. Lampert E, Dyer L, Bowers M. Chemical defense across three trophic levels: Catalpa bignonioides, the caterpillar Ceratomia catalpae, and its endoparasitoid Cotesia congregata. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37:1063-70 pubmed publisher
  49. Kim M, Baek J, Kim M, Jeong H, Kim K, Bae C, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence and organization of the mitogenome of the red-spotted apollo butterfly, Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) and comparison with other lepidopteran insects. Mol Cells. 2009;28:347-63 pubmed publisher
    The 15,389-bp long complete mitogenome of the endangered red-spotted apollo butterfly, Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) was determined in this study...
  50. Vilcinskas A. Coevolution between pathogen-derived proteinases and proteinase inhibitors of host insects. Virulence. 2010;1:206-14 pubmed publisher
  51. Zhu J, Ye G, Dong S, Fang Q, Hu C. Venom of Pteromalus puparum (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) induced endocrine changes in the hemolymph of its host, Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 2009;71:45-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The results demonstrate that venom alone of this parasitoid wasp can disrupt its host's endocrine system. ..
  52. Coates B, Sumerford D, Hellmich R, Lewis L. A helitron-like transposon superfamily from lepidoptera disrupts (GAAA)(n) microsatellites and is responsible for flanking sequence similarity within a microsatellite family. J Mol Evol. 2010;70:275-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Transposition of MINE-1 members in Lepidoptera has resulted in the disruption of (GAAA)(n) microsatellite loci, has impacted the application of microsatellite-..
  53. Nakanishi T, Goto C, Kobayashi M, Kang W, Suzuki T, Dohmae N, et al. Comparative studies of lepidopteran baculovirus-specific protein FP25K: development of a novel Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus-based vector with a modified fp25K gene. J Virol. 2010;84:5191-200 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results showed that the introduction of AcMNPV fp25K significantly increases the expression of foreign gene products in cultured cells and shortens the time for obtaining the secreted recombinant proteins from larval hemolymph. ..
  54. Gao Y, Hu Y, Fu Q, Zhang J, Oppert B, Lai F, et al. Screen of Bacillus thuringiensis toxins for transgenic rice to control Sesamia inferens and Chilo suppressalis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2010;105:11-5 pubmed publisher
    ..suppressalis when treated with low or high protoxin concentrations. The data indicate the utility of Cry1Ca protoxin and a Cry1Ac/Cry1Ca mixture to control both stem borer populations. ..
  55. Olivier V, Monsempes C, Francois M, Poivet E, Jacquin Joly E. Candidate chemosensory ionotropic receptors in a Lepidoptera. Insect Mol Biol. 2011;20:189-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that we identified members of the insect IR chemosensory receptor family in S. littoralis and we report here the first demonstration of IR expression in Lepidoptera.
  56. Xu X, Han Y, Wu G, Cai W, Yuan B, Wang H, et al. Field evaluation of effects of transgenic cry1Ab/cry1Ac, cry1C and cry2A rice on Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and its arthropod predators. Sci China Life Sci. 2011;54:1019-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study indicate that the Bt toxin in transgenic Bt rice can effectively suppress the occurrence of C. medinalis, but has no significant effects on the occurrence of the four predatory arthropod species. ..
  57. Beldade P, Saenko S, Pul N, Long A. A gene-based linkage map for Bicyclus anynana butterflies allows for a comprehensive analysis of synteny with the lepidopteran reference genome. PLoS Genet. 2009;5:e1000366 pubmed publisher
    ..This is discussed in relation to the identification of the loci contributing to color pattern evolution in butterflies. ..
  58. El Aziz N, Awad H. Changes in the haemocytes of Agrotis ipsilon larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in relation to dimilin and Bacillus thuringiensis infections. Micron. 2010;41:203-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Ultrastructural alternations and malformations have been observed in circulating haemocytes of A. ipsilon larvae treated with dimilin and B. thuringiensis...
  59. Barros Rios J, Malvar R, Jung H, Santiago R. Cell wall composition as a maize defense mechanism against corn borers. Phytochemistry. 2011;72:365-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Higher total cell wall, xylose, and 8-coupled diferulates concentrations appear to be possible mechanisms of corn borer resistance. ..
  60. Clare E, Fraser E, Braid H, Fenton M, Hebert P. Species on the menu of a generalist predator, the eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis): using a molecular approach to detect arthropod prey. Mol Ecol. 2009;18:2532-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that despite the robust jaws of L. borealis, most prey taxa were softer-bodied Lepidoptera. Surprisingly, more than 60% of the prey species were tympanate, with ears thought to afford protection against ..
  61. Niu G, Siegel J, Schuler M, Berenbaum M. Comparative toxicity of mycotoxins to navel orangeworm (Amyelois transitella) and corn earworm (Helicoverpa zea). J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:951-7 pubmed publisher
    ..zea. Our studies indicate that A. transitella, although a hostplant generalist, may well be highly specialized for mycotoxin detoxification. ..
  62. Cheng X, Chang C, Dai S. Responses of striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), from Taiwan to a range of insecticides. Pest Manag Sci. 2010;66:762-6 pubmed publisher
  63. Liao F, Wang L, Wu S, Li Y, Zhao L, Huang G, et al. The complete mitochondrial genome of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Int J Biol Sci. 2010;6:172-86 pubmed
    The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) was determined. The genome is a circular molecule 15 481 bp long...
  64. Eichenseer H, Mathews M, Powell J, Felton G. Survey of a salivary effector in caterpillars: glucose oxidase variation and correlation with host range. J Chem Ecol. 2010;36:885-97 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we examined the labial gland GOX activities in 23 families of Lepidoptera (85 species) and two families of plant-feeding Hymenoptera (three species)...
  65. Qu M, Liu T, Yang J, Yang Q. The gene, expression pattern and subcellular localization of chitin synthase B from the insect Ostrinia furnacalis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;404:302-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Puncta structures of the recombinant OfCHSB were observed co-localized with Golgi marker Man II-GFP, suggesting a possible localization of chitin synthases under physiological conditions. ..
  66. Courtiade J, Pauchet Y, Vogel H, Heckel D. A comprehensive characterization of the caspase gene family in insects from the order Lepidoptera. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:357 pubmed publisher
    ..In Lepidoptera, apoptosis is crucial in processes such as metamorphosis or defending against baculovirus infection...
  67. Terenius O, Papanicolaou A, Garbutt J, Eleftherianos I, Huvenne H, Kanginakudru S, et al. RNA interference in Lepidoptera: an overview of successful and unsuccessful studies and implications for experimental design. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:231-45 pubmed publisher
    ..However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many times proven to be difficult to achieve...
  68. Dias F, Casagrande M, Mielke O. Alternative techniques to study characters of the genitalia in Lepidoptera. Neotrop Entomol. 2010;39:1044-5 pubmed
    The present note aims to describe two alternative methods for observing genitalia in Lepidoptera. The first one provides means to examine both male and female genitalia without spoiling the scales of the abdomen, preserving it attached ..
  69. Zhou H, Wu W, Zhnag Z, Zhnag Y. Antennal sensilla of Apanteles cypris Nixon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval endoparasitoid of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Microsc Res Tech. 2011;74:1199-208 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations could facilitate future studies on the biology of olfaction in A. cypris...
  70. Vogel H, Altincicek B, Glockner G, Vilcinskas A. A comprehensive transcriptome and immune-gene repertoire of the lepidopteran model host Galleria mellonella. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:308 pubmed publisher
  71. Erickson D, Russell C, Johnson K, Hileman T, Stewart R. PhoP and OxyR transcriptional regulators contribute to Yersinia pestis virulence and survival within Galleria mellonella. Microb Pathog. 2011;51:389-95 pubmed publisher
    ..pestis host-pathogen interactions, and antibacterial peptide resistance mediated by phoP and reactive oxygen defense mediated by oxyR are important for Y. pestis infection of this insect. ..
  72. Lebreton F, Le Bras F, Reffuveille F, Ladjouzi R, Giard J, Leclercq R, et al. Galleria mellonella as a model for studying Enterococcus faecium host persistence. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;21:191-6 pubmed publisher
    ..faecium to Galleria defenses. Galleria appears to be a suitable and convenient surrogate model to study E. faecium survival to host defenses and the role of suspected virulence factors in the colonization process...
  73. Pyati P, Bell H, Fitches E, Price D, Gatehouse A, Gatehouse J. Cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase (DcCathL) from Delia coarctata (wheat bulb fly): basis of insecticidal activity. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;39:535-46 pubmed publisher
  74. Wu X, Huang F, Rogers Leonard B, Ottea J. Inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab protein in the sugarcane borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;102:44-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, Bt resistant heterozygous individuals can be killed as desired in the "high/dose refuge" resistance management strategy for Bt corn...
  75. Zhou G, Qi J, Ren N, Cheng J, Erb M, Mao B, et al. Silencing OsHI-LOX makes rice more susceptible to chewing herbivores, but enhances resistance to a phloem feeder. Plant J. 2009;60:638-48 pubmed publisher
  76. Hebert P, deWaard J, Landry J. DNA barcodes for 1/1000 of the animal kingdom. Biol Lett. 2010;6:359-62 pubmed publisher
    This study reports DNA barcodes for more than 1300 Lepidoptera species from the eastern half of North America, establishing that 99.3 per cent of these species possess diagnostic barcode sequences...
  77. Macedo M, Durigan R, da Silva D, Marangoni S, Freire M, Parra J. Adenanthera pavonina trypsin inhibitor retard growth of Anagasta kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 2010;73:213-31 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the tryptic activity in ApTI -fed larvae was sensitive to ApTI. These results suggest that ApTI have a potential antimetabolic effect when ingested by A. kuehniella...
  78. Dias F, Casagrande M, Mielke O. [Biological aspects and external morphology of immature stages of Memphis moruus stheno (Prittwittz) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)]. Neotrop Entomol. 2010;39:400-13 pubmed
    ..Descriptions, illustrations and photographs of egg, all five instars and pupa are given. The cephalic morphology and chaetotaxy of first instar were described and illustrated. Results are compared with other Charaxinae immature stages...
  79. Broderick N, Robinson C, McMahon M, Holt J, Handelsman J, Raffa K. Contributions of gut bacteria to Bacillus thuringiensis-induced mortality vary across a range of Lepidoptera. BMC Biol. 2009;7:11 pubmed publisher
    ..thuringiensis strain, and environment affect the wide range of susceptibilities among Lepidoptera, but the interaction of gut bacteria with these factors is not understood...
  80. Peng K, van Oers M, Hu Z, van Lent J, Vlak J. Baculovirus per os infectivity factors form a complex on the surface of occlusion-derived virus. J Virol. 2010;84:9497-504 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that PIF1, PIF2, PIF3, and P74 form an evolutionarily conserved complex on the ODV surface, which has an essential function in the initial stages of baculovirus oral infection...
  81. Jurat Fuentes J, Karumbaiah L, Jakka S, Ning C, Liu C, Wu K, et al. Reduced levels of membrane-bound alkaline phosphatase are common to lepidopteran strains resistant to Cry toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17606 pubmed publisher
  82. Boden S, Asadollahbaik A, Rutt H, Bagnall D. Helium ion microscopy of Lepidoptera scales. Scanning. 2012;34:107-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the extraction of quantitative height information which matches well with cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy measurements from the literature is demonstrated...
  83. Burkness E, Dively G, Patton T, Morey A, Hutchison W. Novel Vip3A Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize approaches high-dose efficacy against Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under field conditions: Implications for resistance management. GM Crops. 2010;1:337-43 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the Vip3A protein, pyramided with Cry1Ab, appears to provide the first "high-dose" under field conditions and will be valuable for ongoing resistance management...
  84. Yin J, Wang A, Hong G, Cao Y, Wei Z. Complete mitochondrial genome of Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Mitochondrial DNA. 2011;22:41-3 pubmed publisher
    ..complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the rice stem borer Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) was determined to be 15,465 bp...
  85. Shan M, Zhang S, Jiang L, Ma M, Li G. Susceptibility to AcMNPV and expression of recombinant proteins by a novel cell clone derived from a Trichoplusia ni QAU-BTI-Tn9-4s cell line. Virol Sin. 2011;26:297-305 pubmed publisher
  86. Zheng Y, He W, Beliveau C, Nisole A, Stewart D, Zheng S, et al. Cloning, expression and characterization of four serpin-1 cDNA variants from the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:165-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Cfserpin-1a could bind with the serine proteinase elastase and form a complex in vitro. We hypothesize that the cloned serpins could be involved in the regulation of cuticle degradation during the insect molting cycle...
  87. Sousa M, Santos F, Wanderley Teixeira V, Teixeira A, de Siqueira H, Alves L, et al. Histopathology and ultrastructure of midgut of Alabama argillacea (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) fed Bt-cotton. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:1913-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, further studies are necessary to determine the true cause of death...
  88. Wise J, Jenkins P, Poppen R, Isaacs R. Activity of broad-spectrum and reduced-risk insecticides on various life stages of cranberry fruitworm (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in highbush blueberry. J Econ Entomol. 2010;103:1720-8 pubmed
    ..the life-stage activity of insecticides for controlling cranberry fruitworm, Acrobasis vaccinii Riley (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), a key lepidopteran pest of highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum L...
  89. Margam V, Coates B, Hellmich R, Agunbiade T, Seufferheld M, Sun W, et al. Mitochondrial genome sequence and expression profiling for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16444 pubmed publisher
    ..14,054 bp near complete sequencing of the mitochondrial genome of the legume pod borer (LPB), Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), which we subsequently used to estimate divergence and relationships within the lepidopteran ..
  90. Yasukochi Y, Miura N, Nakano R, Sahara K, Ishikawa Y. Sex-linked pheromone receptor genes of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, are in tandem arrays. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18843 pubmed publisher
    ..Odorant receptors (ORs) play a critical role in recognition of female sex pheromones; eight types of OR genes expressed in male antennae were previously reported in Ostrinia moths...
  91. Liu T, Liu F, Yang Q, Yang J. Expression, purification and characterization of the chitinolytic beta-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase from the insect Ostrinia furnacalis. Protein Expr Purif. 2009;68:99-103 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides a low-costing and high-efficient purification procedure for the preparation of insect beta-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidases...
  92. Yasukochi Y, Tanaka Okuyama M, Shibata F, Yoshido A, Marec F, Wu C, et al. Extensive conserved synteny of genes between the karyotypes of Manduca sexta and Bombyx mori revealed by BAC-FISH mapping. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e7465 pubmed publisher
    ..species representing four highly diverged holometabolous insect orders, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera. The striking evolutionary diversity of insects argues a need for efficient methods to apply genome information ..