chironomidae

Summary

Summary: A family of nonbiting midges, in the order DIPTERA. Salivary glands of the genus Chironomus are used in studies of cellular genetics and biochemistry.

Top Publications

  1. Zheng X, Long W, Guo Y, Ma E. Effects of cadmium exposure on lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant system in fourth-instar larvae of Propsilocerus akamusi (Diptera: Chironomidae) under laboratory conditions. J Econ Entomol. 2011;104:827-32 pubmed
    ..of ROS generated upon exposure to high doses of Cd2+ in fourth-instar Propsilocerus akamusi (Tokuna) (Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae after 72-h exposure...
  2. Kikawada T, Saito A, Kanamori Y, Nakahara Y, Iwata K, Tanaka D, et al. Trehalose transporter 1, a facilitated and high-capacity trehalose transporter, allows exogenous trehalose uptake into cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:11585-90 pubmed
    ..These characteristic features imply that TRET1 in combination with trehalose has high potential for basic and practical applications in vivo...
  3. Xu Y, Spurlock F, Wang Z, Gant J. Comparison of five methods for measuring sediment toxicity of hydrophobic contaminants. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41:8394-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate thatthe use of C(free) reduces uncertainties caused by sediment variables such as OC properties and aging effects...
  4. Robert Michaud M, Benoit J, Lopez Martinez G, Elnitsky M, Lee R, Denlinger D. Metabolomics reveals unique and shared metabolic changes in response to heat shock, freezing and desiccation in the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica. J Insect Physiol. 2008;54:645-55 pubmed publisher
    ..A number of metabolic changes, especially those in the sugar and polyol pools, are adaptations that have potential to enhance survival during both cold and desiccation...
  5. Cortelezzi A, Paggi A, Rodriguez M, Capítulo A. Taxonomic and nontaxonomic responses to ecological changes in an urban lowland stream through the use of Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:1344-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Nontaxonomic parameters detect critical effects not reflected taxonomically. We analyzed changes in Chironomidae populations as taxonomic parameters and mentum deformities as a nontaxonomic parameter for evaluating a South-..
  6. Dias V, Vasseur C, Bonzom J. Exposure of Chironomus riparius larvae to uranium: effects on survival, development time, growth, and mouthpart deformities. Chemosphere. 2008;71:574-81 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the potential impact of uranium at population level in environmentally realistic concentrations...
  7. Siebrasse J, Veith R, Dobay A, Leonhardt H, Daneholt B, Kubitscheck U. Discontinuous movement of mRNP particles in nucleoplasmic regions devoid of chromatin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:20291-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that the observed discontinuous movement reflects transient interactions between freely diffusing BR particles and these submicroscopic structures...
  8. Weltje L, Rufli H, Heimbach F, Wheeler J, Vervliet Scheebaum M, Hamer M. The chironomid acute toxicity test: development of a new test system. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2010;6:301-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Because their ready availability as a test organism, with culturing conditions and certain test methods already established, Chironomus sp. is regarded as a suitable additional freshwater invertebrate species for regulatory testing...
  9. Roulier J, Tusseau Vuillemin M, Coquery M, Geffard O, Garric J. Measurement of dynamic mobilization of trace metals in sediments using DGT and comparison with bioaccumulation in Chironomus riparius: first results of an experimental study. Chemosphere. 2008;70:925-32 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, the knowledge of the metals dynamic enhanced our ability to explain the different biological uptake observed in sediments of similar total metal concentrations...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Li X, Zhang X, Zhang J, Zhang X, Starkey S, Zhu K. Identification and characterization of eleven glutathione S-transferase genes from the aquatic midge Chironomus tentans (Diptera: Chironomidae). Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;39:745-54 pubmed publisher
    ..However, alachlor may regulate different GST genes, as found in other organisms, leading to significantly increased transcriptional levels of CtGSTd1, CtGSTs2 and CtGSTs3 in out of 11 GST genes examined in this study...
  2. Wang Y, O Brien D, Jenson J, Francis D, Wooller M. The influence of diet and water on the stable oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of Chironomidae (Diptera) with paleoecological implications. Oecologia. 2009;160:225-33 pubmed publisher
    ..isotope analyses of fossil aquatic organisms, such as the chitinous head capsules of chironomid larvae (Chironomidae: Diptera), are promising proxies for inferring paleoecological conditions...
  3. Cornette R, Kanamori Y, Watanabe M, Nakahara Y, Gusev O, Mitsumasu K, et al. Identification of anhydrobiosis-related genes from an expressed sequence tag database in the cryptobiotic midge Polypedilum vanderplanki (Diptera; Chironomidae). J Biol Chem. 2010;285:35889-99 pubmed publisher
    ..A third major feature is the predicted increase in trehalose synthesis and in the expression of various transporter proteins allowing the distribution of trehalose and other solutes to all tissues...
  4. Nowak C, Vogt C, Pfenninger M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J, Streit B, et al. Rapid genetic erosion in pollutant-exposed experimental chironomid populations. Environ Pollut. 2009;157:881-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings document that chemical pollution may lead to a rapid decrease in genetic diversity, which has important implications for conservation strategies and ecological management in polluted environments...
  5. Lopez Martinez G, Benoit J, Rinehart J, Elnitsky M, Lee R, Denlinger D. Dehydration, rehydration, and overhydration alter patterns of gene expression in the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica. J Comp Physiol B. 2009;179:481-91 pubmed publisher
  6. Halpern M, Shakéd T, Pukall R, Schumann P. Leucobacter chironomi sp. nov., a chromate-resistant bacterium isolated from a chironomid egg mass. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:665-70 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is MM2LB(T) (=LMG 24399(T)=DSM 19883(T))...
  7. Simião Ferreira J, DeMarco P, Mazão G, Carvalho A. Chironomidae assemblage structure in relation to organic enrichment of an aquatic environment. Neotrop Entomol. 2009;38:464-71 pubmed
    In this study we determined the taxonomic diversity of larval Chironomidae upstream and downstream to discharges of the sewage treatment plant (STP) from Agro-industrial District of Anápolis, State of Goiás, Brazil...
  8. Langer Jaesrich M, Köhler H, Gerhardt A. Assessing toxicity of the insecticide thiacloprid on Chironomus riparius (Insecta: Diptera) using multiple end points. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010;58:963-72 pubmed publisher
    ..In our case life-cycle end points like survival rate (LC(50): 1.57 microg/L) and emergence rate (EC(50): 0.54 microg/L) proved to be more sensitive than tested physiological end points for the neurotoxic insecticide...
  9. Kaiser T, Neumann D, Heckel D, Berendonk T. Strong genetic differentiation and postglacial origin of populations in the marine midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera). Mol Ecol. 2010;19:2845-57 pubmed publisher
    The marine midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera) is characterized by a one-dimensional distribution along the European Atlantic coast, where its lunar and circadian emergence rhythms are genetically adapted to the local tidal ..
  10. Widenfalk A, Lundqvist A, Goedkoop W. Sediment microbes and biofilms increase the bioavailability of chlorpyrifos in Chironomus riparius (Chironomidae, Diptera). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2008;71:490-7 pubmed
    ..These results show that living microbes and biofilms, by creating a microenvironment and providing food for larvae, markedly increase the bioavailability of chlorpyrifos to Chironomus riparius...
  11. Park S, Nair P, Choi J. Characterization and expression of superoxide dismutase genes in Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae) larvae as a potential biomarker of ecotoxicity. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012;156:187-94 pubmed publisher
  12. Kaiser T, Neumann D, Heckel D. Timing the tides: genetic control of diurnal and lunar emergence times is correlated in the marine midge Clunio marinus. BMC Genet. 2011;12:49 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the genetic control of lunar and diurnal rhythmicity in the marine midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera), a species for which the correct timing of adult emergence is critical in natural populations.
  13. Stoughton S, Liber K, Culp J, Cessna A. Acute and chronic toxicity of imidacloprid to the aquatic invertebrates Chironomus tentans and Hyalella azteca under constant- and pulse-exposure conditions. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2008;54:662-73 pubmed publisher
  14. Lopez Martinez G, Elnitsky M, Benoit J, Lee R, Denlinger D. High resistance to oxidative damage in the Antarctic midge Belgica antarctica, and developmentally linked expression of genes encoding superoxide dismutase, catalase and heat shock proteins. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2008;38:796-804 pubmed publisher
    ..Assays to measure oxidative damage (lipid peroxidation TBARS and carbonyl proteins) demonstrated that the Antarctic midge is highly resistant to oxidative stress...
  15. Maul J, Brennan A, Harwood A, Lydy M. Effect of sediment-associated pyrethroids, fipronil, and metabolites on Chironomus tentans growth rate, body mass, condition index, immobilization, and survival. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2008;27:2582-90 pubmed publisher
    ..tentans was highly sensitive to fipronil and metabolites, suggesting that dipterans may be important for estimating risk and understanding effects of phenylpyrazole-class insecticides on benthic macroinvertebrate communities...
  16. Nakahara Y, Imanishi S, Mitsumasu K, Kanamori Y, Iwata K, Watanabe M, et al. Cells from an anhydrobiotic chironomid survive almost complete desiccation. Cryobiology. 2010;60:138-46 pubmed publisher
    ..We also attempted dry-preservation of organs isolated from P. vanderplanki larvae, and found that a proportion of cells in some organs, including fat body, testis, nerve and dorsal vessel, tolerated in vitro desiccation...
  17. Mitsumasu K, Kanamori Y, Fujita M, Iwata K, Tanaka D, Kikuta S, et al. Enzymatic control of anhydrobiosis-related accumulation of trehalose in the sleeping chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki. FEBS J. 2010;277:4215-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show that trehalose accumulation observed during anhydrobiosis induction in desiccating larvae can be attributed to the activation of the trehalose synthetic pathway and to the depression of trehalose hydrolysis...
  18. Park K, Bang H, Park J, Kwak I. Ecotoxicological multilevel-evaluation of the effects of fenbendazole exposure to Chironomus riparius larvae. Chemosphere. 2009;77:359-67 pubmed publisher
    ..riparius. Moreover, the responses of the biomarker genes also provide valuable information that will aid in understanding the effects of fenbendazole in aquatic ecosystems...
  19. Rosa B, de Oliveira V, Alves R. Structure and spatial distribution of the Chironomidae community in mesohabitats in a first order stream at the Poço D'Anta Municipal Biological Reserve in Brazil. J Insect Sci. 2011;11:36 pubmed publisher
    The Chironomidae occupy different habitats along the lotic system with their distribution determined by different factors such as the substrate characteristics and water speed...
  20. Kikawada T, Saito A, Kanamori Y, Fujita M, Snigórska K, Watanabe M, et al. Dehydration-inducible changes in expression of two aquaporins in the sleeping chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1778:514-20 pubmed
    ..These data suggest distinct roles for these aquaporins in P. vanderplanki, i.e., PvAqp2 controls water homeostasis of fat body during normal conditions and PvAqp1 is involved in the removal of water during induction of anhydrobiosis...
  21. Senderovich Y, Gershtein Y, Halewa E, Halpern M. Vibrio cholerae and Aeromonas: do they share a mutual host?. ISME J. 2008;2:276-83 pubmed publisher
    ..cholerae and Aeromonas populations...
  22. Sakurai M, Furuki T, Akao K, Tanaka D, Nakahara Y, Kikawada T, et al. Vitrification is essential for anhydrobiosis in an African chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:5093-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we assume that trehalose plays important roles in water replacement and intracellular glass formation, although other compounds are surely involved in these phenomena...
  23. Pfenninger M, Nowak C. Reproductive isolation and ecological niche partition among larvae of the morphologically cryptic sister species Chironomus riparius and C. piger. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2157 pubmed publisher
    ..piger, interbreeding in the laboratory, have been shown to coexist frequently despite of their close relatedness, similar ecology and high morphological similarity...
  24. Nakahara Y, Watanabe M, Fujita A, Kanamori Y, Tanaka D, Iwata K, et al. Effects of dehydration rate on physiological responses and survival after rehydration in larvae of the anhydrobiotic chironomid. J Insect Physiol. 2008;54:1220-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Slow dehydration may be required for the synthesis and distribution of essential molecules for anhydrobiosis. Larvae desiccated at or above maximum tolerable rates sometimes showed temporary recovery but died soon after...
  25. Frouz J, Ali A, Lobinske R. Influence of temperature on developmental rate, wing length, and larval head capsule size of pestiferous midge Chironomus crassicaudatus (Diptera: Chironomidae). J Econ Entomol. 2002;95:699-705 pubmed
    ..Larval size peaked at 20 degrees C, whereas the head capsule width was reduced at temperatures higher and lower than 20 degrees C...
  26. Miralles F, Visa N. Molecular characterization of Ct-hrp65: identification of two novel isoforms originated by alternative splicing. Exp Cell Res. 2001;264:284-95 pubmed
    ..Moreover, hrp65-3 is associated with cytoplasmic actin fibers. All together, our findings suggest that the different hrp65 isoforms serve specialized roles related to mRNA localization/transport in the different cell compartments...
  27. Papoucheva E, Proviz V, Lambkin C, Goddeeris B, Blinov A. Phylogeny of the endemic Baikalian Sergentia (Chironomidae, Diptera). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2003;29:120-5 pubmed
    ..b (CytB) and Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) have been used as phylogenetic markers in Sergentia (Chironomidae, Diptera)...
  28. Daneholt B. Assembly and transport of a premessenger RNP particle. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:7012-7 pubmed
  29. Kiesler E, Hase M, Brodin D, Visa N. Hrp59, an hnRNP M protein in Chironomus and Drosophila, binds to exonic splicing enhancers and is required for expression of a subset of mRNAs. J Cell Biol. 2005;168:1013-25 pubmed
    ..We also show that Hrp59 binds preferentially to exonic splicing enhancers and our results provide new insights into the role of hnRNP M in splicing regulation...
  30. Stevens M, Warren G, Braysher B. Oviposition response of Chironomus tepperi to nitrogenous compounds and bioextracts in two-choice laboratory tests. J Chem Ecol. 2003;29:911-20 pubmed
    ..Our results demonstrate that chemical cues from larval populations deter oviposition by C. tepperi females searching for newly flooded habitats where larval competition will be minimized...
  31. Ducrot V, Pery A, Mons R, Garric J. Energy-based modeling as a basis for the analysis of reproductive data with the midge (Chironomus riparius). Environ Toxicol Chem. 2004;23:225-31 pubmed
    ..If no-effect concentrations were derived from these results, this may lead to an overprotective value. A relevant no-effect concentration could be derived from further investigations at the population level...
  32. Mattingly K, Beaty B, Mackie R, McGaw M, Carlson J, Rayms Keller A. Molecular cloning and characterization of a metal responsive Chironomus tentans alpha-tubulin cDNA. Aquat Toxicol. 2001;54:249-60 pubmed
    ..A mechanism for the regulation of alpha-tubulin synthesis by cadmium is proposed. This is the first report on the isolation of a metal responsive gene from a neartic aquatic insect...
  33. Péry A, Mons R, Garric J. Energy-based modeling to study population growth rate and production for the midge Chironomus riparius in ecotoxicological risk assessment. Ecotoxicology. 2004;13:647-56 pubmed
    ..Such a study is crucial to predict effects on ecosystems, for species of the Chironomidae are keystone species, being the main food source of many other species, including birds and fish...
  34. Watanabe M, Kikawada T, Fujita A, Okuda T. Induction of anhydrobiosis in fat body tissue from an insect. J Insect Physiol. 2005;51:727-31 pubmed
    ..Thus we have confirmed that the central nervous system is not involved in the induction of anhydrobiosis, even in this complex multicellular organism...
  35. Lee S, Lee S, Park C, Choi J. Expression of heat shock protein and hemoglobin genes in Chironomus tentans (Diptera, chironomidae) larvae exposed to various environmental pollutants: a potential biomarker of freshwater monitoring. Chemosphere. 2006;65:1074-81 pubmed
    ..proteins (HSPs) and hemoglobins (Hbs) genes in the larvae of the aquatic midge Chironomus tentans (Diptera, Chironomidae)...
  36. Sanz C, Gorab E, Ruiz M, Sogo J, Díez J. Chromatin structure of ribosomal genes in Chironomus thummi (Diptera: Chironomidae): tissue specificity and behaviour under drug treatment. Chromosome Res. 2007;15:429-38 pubmed
  37. Guryev V, Makarevitch I, Blinov A, Martin J. Phylogeny of the genus Chironomus (Diptera) inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase I. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2001;19:9-21 pubmed
    ..The Camptochironomus species are internal to the trees and have arisen more recently than some of the species of the subgenus Chironomus, indicating that they are not sufficiently differentiated to be considered more than a subgenus...
  38. Percipalle P, Zhao J, Pope B, Weeds A, Lindberg U, Daneholt B. Actin bound to the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein hrp36 is associated with Balbiani ring mRNA from the gene to polysomes. J Cell Biol. 2001;153:229-36 pubmed
    ..We conclude that actin is likely to be bound to the BR transcript via hrp36 during the transfer of the mRNA from the gene all the way into polysomes...
  39. Kiesler E, Miralles F, Visa N. HEL/UAP56 binds cotranscriptionally to the Balbiani ring pre-mRNA in an intron-independent manner and accompanies the BR mRNP to the nuclear pore. Curr Biol. 2002;12:859-62 pubmed
    ..In summary, we have shown that binding of HEL to the BR pre-mRNA occurs independently of splicing, and we have established the point in the export pathway at which HEL and Aly/REF interact with the mRNP...
  40. Watanabe M, Sakashita T, Fujita A, Kikawada T, Nakahara Y, Hamada N, et al. Estimation of radiation tolerance to high LET heavy ions in an anhydrobiotic insect, Polypedilum vanderplanki. Int J Radiat Biol. 2006;82:835-42 pubmed
    ..2 keV/microm). However, its tolerance against high LET radiation remains unknown. The aim of this study is to characterize the tolerance to high-LET radiations of P. vanderplanki...
  41. Mehlin H, Daneholt B, Skoglund U. Translocation of a specific premessenger ribonucleoprotein particle through the nuclear pore studied with electron microscope tomography. Cell. 1992;69:605-13 pubmed
    ..The ordered nature of the process suggests a specific recognition of the RNP particle at the nuclear pore...
  42. Lee S, Choi J. Effects of bisphenol A and ethynyl estradiol exposure on enzyme activities, growth and development in the fourth instar larvae of Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2007;68:84-90 pubmed
    ..riparius and their consequences at higher levels of biological organization...
  43. Pfenninger M, Nowak C, Kley C, Steinke D, Streit B. Utility of DNA taxonomy and barcoding for the inference of larval community structure in morphologically cryptic Chironomus (Diptera) species. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:1957-68 pubmed
    ..We argue that DNA-based identification methods such as DNA barcoding can be a valuable tool to increase accuracy, objectivity and comparability of the taxonomic assessment in biodiversity and community ecology studies...
  44. Falk R, Agaton C, Kiesler E, Jin S, Wieslander L, Visa N, et al. An improved dual-expression concept, generating high-quality antibodies for proteomics research. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2003;38:231-9 pubmed
    ..tentans cells. We conclude that the dual-vector concept presented offers a highly stringent strategy for the generation of monospecific polyclonal antibodies, which are useful in proteomics research...
  45. Bjork P, Baurén G, Gelius B, Wrange O, Wieslander L. The Chironomus tentans translation initiation factor eIF4H is present in the nucleus but does not bind to mRNA until the mRNA reaches the cytoplasmic perinuclear region. J Cell Sci. 2003;116:4521-32 pubmed
    ..Our immunoelectron microscopy data suggest that Ct-eIF4H associates with mRNP in the cytoplasmic perinuclear region, immediately as the mRNP exits from the nuclear pore complex...
  46. Daneholt B. Packing and delivery of a genetic message. Chromosoma. 2001;110:173-85 pubmed
    ..Finally, it is emphasized that the co-transcriptional loading of the transcript with proteins is probably a key process in gene expression that to a large extent determines the fate of an mRNA both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm...
  47. Weston D, You J, Lydy M. Distribution and toxicity of sediment-associated pesticides in agriculture-dominated water bodies of California's Central Valley. Environ Sci Technol. 2004;38:2752-9 pubmed
  48. Zampicinini G, Blinov A, Cervella P, Guryev V, Sella G. Insertional polymorphism of a non-LTR mobile element (NLRCth1) in European populations of Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae) as detected by transposon insertion display. Genome. 2004;47:1154-63 pubmed
    ..However, the value of phi(ST) was significant (p < 0.001) and indicates that natural populations are more genetically differentiated than random samples of individuals...
  49. Bjork P, Wetterberg Strandh I, Baurén G, Wieslander L. Chironomus tentans-repressor splicing factor represses SR protein function locally on pre-mRNA exons and is displaced at correct splice sites. Mol Biol Cell. 2006;17:32-42 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that Ct-RSF represses SR protein function at exons and that the assembly of spliceosomes at authentic splice sites displaces Ct-RSF locally...
  50. Maenpaa K, Kukkonen J. Bioaccumulation and toxicity of 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) and 4-(2-dodecyl)-benzene sulfonate (LAS) in Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta) and Chironomus riparius (Insecta). Aquat Toxicol. 2006;77:329-38 pubmed
    ..Thus, exposure concentrations offered no prediction of body residue, and therefore it is proposed that organism body residue offered a more accurate dose-metric for chemical exposure than the chemical concentration of the environment...
  51. Grosell M, Gerdes R, Brix K. Chronic toxicity of lead to three freshwater invertebrates--Brachionus calyciflorus, Chironomus tentans, and Lymnaea stagnalis. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2006;25:97-104 pubmed
    ..Substantially reduced growth in the snails that exhibit very high Ca2+ requirements may be related to reduced Ca2+ uptake and thereby reduced shell formation...
  52. Wetterberg I, Zhao J, Masich S, Wieslander L, Skoglund U. In situ transcription and splicing in the Balbiani ring 3 gene. EMBO J. 2001;20:2564-74 pubmed
    ..Our data indicate that spliceosomal factors are continuously added to and released from the NTS complexes during transcription elongation...
  53. Meregalli G, Pluymers L, Ollevier F. Induction of mouthpart deformities in Chironomus riparius larvae exposed to 4-n-nonylphenol. Environ Pollut. 2001;111:241-6 pubmed
    ..Survival of the larvae was not affected by the tested concentrations, but the frequency of mentum deformities increased significantly (P < 0.01) after exposure to 4NP...