diptera

Summary

Summary: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).

Top Publications

  1. Martínez Falcón A, Durbán A, Latorre A, Antón J, Marcos García M. Bacteria associated with Copestylum (Diptera, Syrphidae) larvae and their cactus host Isolatocereus dumortieri. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27443 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that the gut bacterial community in these insects is not strongly affected by diet and must be dependent on other factors, such as vertical transmission, evolutionary history and host innate immunity. ..
  2. Rolo E, Oliveira A, Dourado C, Farinha A, Rebelo M, Dias D. Identification of sarcosaprophagous Diptera species through DNA barcoding in wildlife forensics. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;228:160-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A portion of COI was sequenced from 95 specimens of seven species belonging to two families of Diptera (Calliphoridae and Muscidae) found in wildlife carcasses-baited traps in Serra da Estrela (Portugal)...
  3. Goodman K, O Grady P. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Hawaiian craneflies Dicranomyia (Diptera: Limoniidae). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73019 pubmed publisher
    The Hawaiian Diptera offer an opportunity to compare patterns of diversification across large and small endemic radiations with varying species richness and levels of single island endemism...
  4. Lessard B, Cameron S, Bayless K, Wiegmann B, Yeates D. The evolution and biogeography of the austral horse fly tribe Scionini (Diptera: Tabanidae: Pangoniinae) inferred from multiple mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;68:516-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The phylogenetic framework of the Scionini provided herein will be valuable for taxonomic revisions of the Tabanidae...
  5. Charron M, Balenghien T, Seegers H, Langlais M, Ezanno P. How much can diptera-borne viruses persist over unfavourable seasons?. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74213 pubmed publisher
    b>Diptera are vectors of major human and animal pathogens worldwide, such as dengue, West-Nile or bluetongue viruses. In seasonal environments, vector-borne disease occurrence varies with the seasonal variations of vector abundance...
  6. Gong Z, Wu Y, Miao J, Duan Y, Jiang Y, Li T. Global transcriptome analysis of orange wheat blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Gehin) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) to identify candidate transcripts regulating diapause. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71564 pubmed publisher
    ..To better understand the diapause mechanisms of OWBM, we sequenced the transcriptome and determined the gene expression profile of this species...
  7. Jones D, Jones G, Teal P. Sesquiterpene action, and morphogenetic signaling through the ortholog of retinoid X receptor, in higher Diptera. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;194:326-35 pubmed publisher
    ..However, a series of endocrine and pharmacological studies on pupariation in cyclorrhaphous Diptera have remained persistently refractory to explanation with the above two-axis model...
  8. Morrison W, Szendrei Z. Patterns of spatial and temporal distribution of the asparagus miner (Diptera: Agromyzidae): implications for management. J Econ Entomol. 2013;106:1218-25 pubmed
    ..Finally, conserving the remaining naturally forested landscape and planting borders of trees may help ameliorate pest pressure in asparagus fields...
  9. Zheng L, Crippen T, Singh B, Tarone A, Dowd S, Yu Z, et al. A survey of bacterial diversity from successive life stages of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) by using 16S rDNA pyrosequencing. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:647-58 pubmed
    ..Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria were the most dominant phyla associated with the black soldier fly accounting for two-thirds of the fauna identified. Many of these bacteria would go undetected because of their inability to be cultured...

More Information

Publications73

  1. Heo C, Aisha S, Kurahashi H, Omar B. New locality record of Isomyia paurogonita Fang & Fan, 1986 (Diptera: Calliphoridae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Trop Biomed. 2013;30:159-63 pubmed
    Isomyia paurogonita Fang & Fan, 1986 (Diptera: Calliphoridae), a rare species of the subfamily Rhiniinae (tribe Cosminini) was recorded for the first time in Malaysia...
  2. Aly S, Wen J. Applicability of partial characterization of cytochrome oxidase I in identification of forensically important flies (Diptera) from China and Egypt. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:2667-74 pubmed publisher
    ..of the 304-bp cytochrome oxidase I gene fragment in molecular identification of forensically important Diptera. We analyzed 75 specimens belonging to 19 species of 3 families originating from China (Calliphoridae: Chrysomya ..
  3. Paquette S, Garant D, Pelletier F, Bélisle M. Seasonal patterns in tree swallow prey (Diptera) abundance are affected by agricultural intensification. Ecol Appl. 2013;23:122-33 pubmed
    ..impact food resources for aerial insectivorous birds, we analyzed the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of Diptera, the main food resource for breeding tree swallows Tachycineta bicolor), across a gradient of AI in southeastern ..
  4. Astakhova L, Zatsepina O, Przhiboro A, Evgen ev M, Garbuz D. Novel arrangement and comparative analysis of hsp90 family genes in three thermotolerant species of Stratiomyidae (Diptera). Insect Mol Biol. 2013;22:284-96 pubmed publisher
    The heat shock proteins belonging to the Hsp90 family (Hsp83 in Diptera) play a crucial role in the protection of cells due to their chaperoning functions...
  5. Berg M, Benbow M. Environmental factors associated with Phormia regina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) oviposition. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:451-7 pubmed
    ..regina under conditions of ambient temperatures > 20 degrees C the night before oviposition. Additional studies are needed to better understand the ecological mechanisms governing blow fly oviposition important to forensic entomology...
  6. Týc J, Votypka J, Klepetková H, Sulakova H, Jirku M, Lukes J. Growing diversity of trypanosomatid parasites of flies (Diptera: Brachycera): frequent cosmopolitism and moderate host specificity. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;69:255-64 pubmed publisher
    ..class Kinetoplastea have been focused mainly on trypanosomatids from true bugs (Heteroptera), even though flies (Diptera, Brachycera) are also known as their frequent hosts...
  7. Bowsher J, Ang Y, Ferderer T, Meier R. Deciphering the evolutionary history and developmental mechanisms of a complex sexual ornament: the abdominal appendages of Sepsidae (Diptera). Evolution. 2013;67:1069-80 pubmed publisher
    Male abdomen appendages are a novel trait found within Sepsidae (Diptera). Here we demonstrate that they are likely to have evolved once, were lost three times, and then secondarily gained in one lineage...
  8. Zotti M, De Geyter E, Swevers L, Braz A, Scott L, Roug P, et al. A cell-based reporter assay for screening for EcR agonist/antagonist activity of natural ecdysteroids in Lepidoptera (Bm5) and Diptera (S2) cell cultures, followed by modeling of ecdysteroid-EcR interactions and normal mode analysis. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2013;107:309-20 pubmed publisher
  9. Boughalmi M, Pagnier I, Aherfi S, Colson P, Raoult D, La Scola B. First isolation of a Marseillevirus in the Diptera Syrphidae Eristalis tenax. Intervirology. 2013;56:386-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Giant viruses and amoebae are common in freshwater, where they can coexist with various insects. We screened insect larvae to detect giant viruses using a high-throughput method...
  10. Penney H, Hassall C, Skevington J, Abbott K, Sherratt T. A comparative analysis of the evolution of imperfect mimicry. Nature. 2012;483:461-4 pubmed publisher
    ..For example, many hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) are harmless (Batesian) mimics of stinging Hymenoptera...
  11. Virgilio M, Jordaens K, Breman F, Backeljau T, De Meyer M. Identifying insects with incomplete DNA barcode libraries, African fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) as a test case. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31581 pubmed publisher
    ..relationships between identification performances and distance thresholds in four DNA barcode libraries of Diptera (n?=?4270), Lepidoptera (n?=?7577), Hymenoptera (n?=?2067) and Tephritidae (n?=?602 DNA barcodes)...
  12. Liscia A, Solari P, Gibbons S, Gelperin A, Stoffolano J. Effect of serotonin and calcium on the supercontractile muscles of the adult blowfly crop. J Insect Physiol. 2012;58:356-66 pubmed publisher
  13. Derraik J, Heath A, Rademaker M. Human myiasis in New Zealand: imported and indigenously-acquired cases: the species of concern and clinical aspects. N Z Med J. 2010;123:21-38 pubmed
    ..A number of Diptera (fly) families present in New Zealand have been associated with cases of human myiasis: Calliphoridae (7 species),..
  14. Zhu L, Liu X, Wang H, Khajuria C, Reese J, Whitworth R, et al. Rapid mobilization of membrane lipids in wheat leaf sheaths during incompatible interactions with Hessian fly. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2012;25:920-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that rapid mobilization of membrane lipids constitutes an important step for wheat to defend against HF attack. ..
  15. Kosma D, Nemacheck J, Jenks M, Williams C. Changes in properties of wheat leaf cuticle during interactions with Hessian fly. Plant J. 2010;63:31-43 pubmed publisher
  16. Rose C, Chapman J, Marshall S, Lee S, Batterham P, Ross H, et al. Selective sweeps at the organophosphorus insecticide resistance locus, Rop-1, have affected variation across and beyond the α-esterase gene cluster in the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina. Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28:1835-46 pubmed publisher
    ..cuprina. The speed and impact of these selective sweeps on surrounding genomic variation and the ability of L. cuprina to respond to future environmental challenges are discussed. ..
  17. Birge L, Pitts M, Baker R, Wilkinson G. Length polymorphism and head shape association among genes with polyglutamine repeats in the stalk-eyed fly, Teleopsis dalmanni. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:227 pubmed publisher
  18. Wang S, Lei Z, Wang H, Dong B, Ren B. The complete mitochondrial genome of the leafminer Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:687-92 pubmed publisher
    Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) is one of the most economically significant pests in the world. In this paper we present sequence data for the complete mitochondrial genome of L. trifolii...
  19. Madalena C, Fernandes T, Villasante A, Gorab E. Curiously composite structures of a retrotransposon and a complex repeat associated with chromosome ends of Rhynchosciara americana (Diptera: Sciaridae). Chromosome Res. 2010;18:587-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The composite structure of this DNA stretch probably reflects mobile element activity in the subtelomeric region analyzed in this work. ..
  20. Morse S, Olival K, Kosoy M, Billeter S, Patterson B, Dick C, et al. Global distribution and genetic diversity of Bartonella in bat flies (Hippoboscoidea, Streblidae, Nycteribiidae). Infect Genet Evol. 2012;12:1717-23 pubmed publisher
    ..New Bartonella genotypes were detected in a global sampling of 19 species of blood-feeding bat flies (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea, Nycteribiidae, Streblidae) from 20 host bat species, suggesting an important role of bat flies ..
  21. Martín Vega D. Skipping clues: forensic importance of the family Piophilidae (Diptera). Forensic Sci Int. 2011;212:1-5 pubmed publisher
    Among the insects which are typically considered of forensic interest, the family Piophilidae (Diptera) is frequently cited because of its common occurrence on carcasses in different stages of decay...
  22. Wall R. Ovine cutaneous myiasis: effects on production and control. Vet Parasitol. 2012;189:44-51 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded that future work should focus in particular on evaluating the optimum use of integrated management, such as the combination of insecticide and trap use, in different environments under a range of farming regimes...
  23. Andersen A, Joergensen B, Bjarnsholt T, Johansen H, Karlsmark T, Givskov M, et al. Quorum-sensing-regulated virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa are toxic to Lucilia sericata maggots. Microbiology. 2010;156:400-7 pubmed publisher
    ..aeruginosa. Wounds heavily colonized with P. aeruginosa should be a counterindication for MDT unless used in combination with a pre-treatment with other topical therapeutics targeting P. aeruginosa...
  24. Matuszewski S, Bajerlein D, Konwerski S, Szpila K. Insect succession and carrion decomposition in selected forests of Central Europe. Part 3: Succession of carrion fauna. Forensic Sci Int. 2011;207:150-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications for methods of PMI estimation (particularly the succession-based method) are discussed...
  25. Muráriková N, Vanhara J, Tothova A, Havel J. Polyphasic approach applying artificial neural networks, molecular analysis and postabdomen morphology to West Palaearctic Tachina spp. (Diptera, Tachinidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2011;101:165-75 pubmed publisher
    ..For the first time, the value of using the ANN approach in taxonomy was justified by two non-mathematical methods (molecular and morphological)...
  26. Boehme P, Amendt J, Disney R, Zehner R. Molecular identification of carrion-breeding scuttle flies (Diptera: Phoridae) using COI barcodes. Int J Legal Med. 2010;124:577-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study demonstrates that this region is also sufficient to distinguish between several species of scuttle flies...
  27. Chen M, Liu X, Yang Z, Zhao H, Shukle R, Stuart J, et al. Unusual conservation among genes encoding small secreted salivary gland proteins from a gall midge. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:296 pubmed publisher
  28. Lack J, Nichols R, Wilson G, Van Den Bussche R. Genetic signature of reproductive manipulation in the phylogeography of the bat fly, Trichobius major. J Hered. 2011;102:705-18 pubmed publisher
    ..16% infection rate) with a novel strain of Rickettsia. We discuss the implications for T. major phylogeography and the necessity of a bigenomic approach in arthropod population genetics...
  29. Marinho M, Junqueira A, Paulo D, Esposito M, Villet M, Azeredo Espin A. Molecular phylogenetics of Oestroidea (Diptera: Calyptratae) with emphasis on Calliphoridae: insights into the inter-familial relationships and additional evidence for paraphyly among blowflies. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;65:840-54 pubmed publisher
    The superfamily Oestroidea, comprising ?15,000 species, is a large and ecologically diverse clade within the order Diptera. Among its six commonly recognized families, Calliphoridae seems to be crucial for understanding evolutionary ..
  30. Sonet G, Jordaens K, Braet Y, Desmyter S. Why is the molecular identification of the forensically important blowfly species Lucilia caesar and L. illustris (family Calliphoridae) so problematic?. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;223:153-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, for each of the gene fragments, both species shared at least one haplotype/genotype. Hence, none of the molecular markers tested could be used, alone or in combination, to discriminate between L. illustris and L. caesar...
  31. Mohamed Aly S, Wen J, Wang X, Cai J, Liu Q, Zhong M. Identification of forensically important arthropods on exposed remains during summer season in northeastern Egypt. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2013;38:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To document the arthropod succession pattern and to identify forensically important species in northeastern Egypt (32° 15' E and 30° 36' N) for the first time...
  32. Heindorff K, Blenau W, Walz B, Baumann O. Characterization of a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent AC1 adenylyl cyclase in a non-neuronal tissue, the blowfly salivary gland. Cell Calcium. 2012;52:103-12 pubmed publisher
  33. van der Plas M, Dambrot C, Dogterom Ballering H, Kruithof S, van Dissel J, Nibbering P. Combinations of maggot excretions/secretions and antibiotics are effective against Staphylococcus aureus biofilms and the bacteria derived therefrom. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010;65:917-23 pubmed publisher
    ..As many antibiotics are not effective against biofilms we assessed the effect of combinations of ES and antibiotics on S. aureus biofilms and on the survival of the bacteria released from the biofilms...
  34. Paakkonen T, Mustonen A, Roininen H, Niemela P, Ruusila V, Nieminen P. Parasitism of the deer ked, Lipoptena cervi, on the moose, Alces alces, in eastern Finland. Med Vet Entomol. 2010;24:411-7 pubmed publisher
    The deer ked, Lipoptena cervi L. (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), is an ectoparasitic fly that spread to Finland in the early 1960s from the southeast across the Soviet border...
  35. Yang S, Shiao S. Oviposition preferences of two forensically important blow fly species, Chrysomya megacephala and C. rufifacies (Diptera: Calliphoridae), and implications for postmortem interval estimation. J Med Entomol. 2012;49:424-35 pubmed
    Necrophagous blow fly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are the most important agents for estimating the postmortem interval (PMI) in forensic entomology...
  36. Shelomi M, Matern L, Dinstell J, Harris D, Kimsey R. DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) induced delay of blowfly landing and oviposition rates on treated pig carrion (Sus scrofa L.). J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:1507-11 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Such changes in fly behavior and larval population development would significantly impact the estimation of the period following the death from entomological evidence in decedents wearing DEET at the time of their death...
  37. Boonsriwong W, Sukontason K, Vogtsberger R, Sukontason K. Alimentary canal of the blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae): an emphasis on dissection and morphometry. J Vector Ecol. 2011;36:2-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated the alimentary canal of the blow fly, Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), highlighting the description for dissection and morphometric analysis of each organ...
  38. Cazander G, Pawiroredjo J, Vandenbroucke Grauls C, Schreurs M, Jukema G. Synergism between maggot excretions and antibiotics. Wound Repair Regen. 2010;18:637-42 pubmed publisher
  39. Name K, Pujol Luz J, Bao S. Structure and ultrastructure of spermatozoa of Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Micron. 2010;41:853-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The male internal reproductive tract consists of testis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle, accessory glands and ejaculatory duct...
  40. Boehme P, Amendt J, Zehner R. The use of COI barcodes for molecular identification of forensically important fly species in Germany. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2325-32 pubmed publisher
    ..I gene "barcoding region" as a universal marker for molecular identification of forensically important Diptera. We analyzed 111 specimens belonging to 13 species originating from Frankfurt am Main, Germany (Calliphoridae: ..
  41. Migiro L, Maniania N, Chabi Olaye A, Vandenberg J. Pathogenicity of entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) isolates to the adult pea leafminer (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and prospects of an autoinoculation device for infection in the field. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:468-75 pubmed publisher
    ..were evaluated for their pathogenicity to the adult pea leafminer, Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard) (Diptera: Agromyzidae), in the laboratory...
  42. Kim J, Kim J, Lee H, Lee I, Oh S, Seo M. Ophthalmomyiasis caused by a Phormia sp. (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larva in an enucleated patient. Korean J Parasitol. 2011;49:173-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first case of ophthalmomyiasis among the literature in Korea, and also the first myiasis case caused by Phormia sp. in Korea...
  43. Zhang Z, Wang S, Diao Y, Zhang J, Lv D. Fatty acid extracts from Lucilia sericata larvae promote murine cutaneous wound healing by angiogenic activity. Lipids Health Dis. 2010;9:24 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to investigate the effect of fatty acid extracts from dried Lucilia sericata larvae on murine cutaneous wound healing as well as angiogenesis...
  44. Concha C, Li F, Scott M. Conservation and sex-specific splicing of the doublesex gene in the economically important pest species Lucilia cuprina. J Genet. 2010;89:279-85 pubmed
    ..This intron/exon arrangement had previously been found only in the housefly dsx gene, suggesting this may be a unique feature of dsx genes of Calyptratae species...
  45. Nakamura S, Masuda T, Mochizuki A, Konishi K, Tokumaru S, Ueno K, et al. Primer design for identifying economically important Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) by multiplex PCR. Mol Ecol Resour. 2013;13:96-102 pubmed publisher
    ..We then designed species-specific primers to allow us to differentiate between L. bryoniae, L. chinensis, L. huidobrensis, L. sativae, and L. trifolii...
  46. Ruiz N, Petit K, Vansteelandt M, Kerzaon I, Baudet J, Amzil Z, et al. Enhancement of domoic acid neurotoxicity on Diptera larvae bioassay by marine fungal metabolites. Toxicon. 2010;55:805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This work describes their combine effect with domoic acid, a neurotoxic phycotoxin, on Diptera larvae...
  47. Voss M, Fechner L, Walz B, Baumann O. Calcineurin activity augments cAMP/PKA-dependent activation of V-ATPase in blowfly salivary glands. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2010;298:C1047-56 pubmed publisher
  48. Pinto I, Filho J, Santos C, Falqueto A, Leite Y. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Lutzomyia, subgenus Lutzomyia (Diptera: Psychodidae). J Med Entomol. 2010;47:16-21 pubmed
    ..Knowledge on phylogenetic relationships among these relevant vectors of AVL should be used as a tool for monitoring target taxa and a first step for establishing an early warning system for disease control...
  49. Singh B, Wells J. Molecular systematics of the Calliphoridae (Diptera: Oestroidea): evidence from one mitochondrial and three nuclear genes. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:15-23 pubmed
    ..Efforts to resolve the relationships of the Oestroid families were largely inconclusive, although the monophyly of the superfamily was strongly supported...
  50. Kawabata T, Mitsui H, Yokota K, Ishino K, Oguma K, Sano S. Induction of antibacterial activity in larvae of the blowfly Lucilia sericata by an infected environment. Med Vet Entomol. 2010;24:375-81 pubmed publisher
    ..In MDT, sterile larvae of Lucilia sericata Meigen (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are applied to infected wounds, where they exert antibacterial effects...
  51. Gibson J, Skevington J, Kelso S. Placement of Conopidae (Diptera) within Schizophora based on mtDNA and nrDNA gene regions. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010;56:91-103 pubmed publisher
    ..using molecular characters, as well as the largest molecular analysis of relationships within Schizophora (Diptera) to date, is presented...
  52. Nelson L, Cameron S, Yeates D. The complete mitochondrial genome of the gall-forming fly, Fergusonina taylori Nelson and Yeates (Diptera: Fergusoninidae). Mitochondrial DNA. 2011;22:197-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The mitochondrial genome of Fergusonina presented here may prove valuable for resolving the sister group to the Fergusoninidae, and expands the available mtDNA data sources for acalyptrates overall...
  53. Shao Y, Hu X, Peng G, Wang R, Gao R, Lin C, et al. Structure and evolution of the mitochondrial genome of Exorista sorbillans: the Tachinidae (Diptera: Calyptratae) perspective. Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:11023-30 pubmed publisher
    The first complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Tachinidae Exorista sorbillans (Diptera) is sequenced by PCR-based approach...
  54. Baker R, Narechania A, Johns P, Wilkinson G. Gene duplication, tissue-specific gene expression and sexual conflict in stalk-eyed flies (Diopsidae). Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2012;367:2357-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Within somatic tissue, duplicated genes are more likely to be differentially expressed between the sexes, suggesting gene duplication may provide a mechanism for resolving sexual conflict...
  55. Hosokawa T, Nikoh N, Koga R, Sato M, Tanahashi M, Meng X, et al. Reductive genome evolution, host-symbiont co-speciation and uterine transmission of endosymbiotic bacteria in bat flies. ISME J. 2012;6:577-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The designation 'Candidatus Aschnera chinzeii' is proposed for the endosymbiont clade...
  56. Gruenthal A, Moffatt C, Simmons T. Differential decomposition patterns in charred versus un-charred remains. J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:12-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Body regions displaying significant charring decomposed at a faster rate (p < 0.001), while areas with very light levels of charring decomposed at a significantly slower rate (p < 0.001)...
  57. Bates A, Sadler J, Fairbrass A, Falk S, Hale J, Matthews T. Changing bee and hoverfly pollinator assemblages along an urban-rural gradient. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23459 pubmed publisher
  58. Correia T, Scott F, Verocai G, Souza C, Fernandes J, Melo R, et al. Larvicidal efficacy of nitenpyram on the treatment of myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in dogs. Vet Parasitol. 2010;173:169-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Larvae were expelled until 18 h post-treatment. After this period the remaining dead larvae were mechanically removed. Nitenpyram showed 100% efficacy on the treatment of myiasis by C. hominivorax in naturally infested dogs...
  59. Ahmad Firdaus M, Marwi M, Syamsa R, Zuha R, Ikhwan Z, Omar B. Morphological descriptions of second and third instar larvae of Hypopygiopsis violacea Macquart (Diptera:Calliphoridae), a forensically important fly in Malaysia. Trop Biomed. 2010;27:134-7 pubmed
    ..Third instar larva of this species is large with size approximately 15 mm long. These findings provide important identification features of immature stages of Hy. violacea which could be useful in forensic entomology...
  60. Neoh K, Lee C. Behavioral and morphological changes in soldiers of Macrotermes gilvus (Termitidae: Macrotermitinae) parasitized by Misotermes mindeni (Diptera: Phoridae). Environ Entomol. 2010;39:835-40 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that parasitization may first start in fourth or even earlier larval termite instars. The fly larva develops in the termite soldier's head capsule and pupates inside the host's body...
  61. Saltzmann K, Giovanini M, Ohm H, Williams C. Transcript profiles of two wheat lipid transfer protein-encoding genes are altered during attack by Hessian fly larvae. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2010;48:54-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Possible functions of LTP gene products in wheat-Hessian fly interactions are discussed...
  62. Rafiqi A, Park C, Kwan C, Lemke S, Schmidt Ott U. BMP-dependent serosa and amnion specification in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita. Development. 2012;139:3373-82 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that changes in the BMP activity profile at the beginning of gastrulation might have contributed to the reduction of extra-embryonic tissue types during the radiation of cyclorrhaphan flies...
  63. Zoephel J, Reiher W, Rexer K, Kahnt J, Wegener C. Peptidomics of the agriculturally damaging larval stage of the cabbage root fly Delia radicum (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41543 pubmed publisher
  64. Ishida Y, Ozaki M. A putative octopamine/tyramine receptor mediating appetite in a hungry fly. Naturwissenschaften. 2011;98:635-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that decrease of TA level in the brain likely affects neurons expressing PregOAR/TAR, causing mediation of the sensitivity in the sensillum and/or output of motor neurons for PER...