grasshoppers

Summary

Summary: Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.

Top Publications

  1. Zhang G, Han X, Elser J. Rapid top-down regulation of plant C:N:P stoichiometry by grasshoppers in an Inner Mongolia grassland ecosystem. Oecologia. 2011;166:253-64 pubmed publisher
    ..manipulating densities of the grasshopper Oedaleus asiaticus was performed to assess top-down effects of grasshoppers on C:N:P stoichiometry of plants and soil in a grassland ecosystem in Inner Mongolia (China)...
  2. Rogers S, Harston G, Kilburn Toppin F, Matheson T, Burrows M, Gabbiani F, et al. Spatiotemporal receptive field properties of a looming-sensitive neuron in solitarious and gregarious phases of the desert locust. J Neurophysiol. 2010;103:779-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The DCMDs of both gregarious and solitarious locusts are able to detect approaching objects from across a wide expanse of visual space, but phase-specific changes in the spatiotemporal receptive field are linked to lifestyle changes...
  3. Ortego J, Aguirre M, Cordero P. Population genetics of Mioscirtus wagneri, a grasshopper showing a highly fragmented distribution. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:472-83 pubmed publisher
  4. Cofer D, Cymbalyuk G, Heitler W, Edwards D. Neuromechanical simulation of the locust jump. J Exp Biol. 2010;213:1060-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the geometry of the joint enables the SLP force to assist leg flexion when the leg is flexed, and to assist extension once the leg has begun to extend...
  5. Fielding D, Defoliart L. Embryonic developmental rates of northern grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae): implications for climate change and habitat management. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:1643-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Embryonic development determines the life cycle of many species of grasshoppers, which, in cold climates, spend two winters in the egg stage...
  6. Maeno K, Tanaka S. Phase-specific responses to different qualities of food in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria: developmental, morphological and reproductive characteristics. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:514-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This study may suggest that gregarious hatchlings are better adapted to adverse food conditions than solitarious counterparts and extra molting is induced even among gregarious hatchlings under poor food conditions...
  7. Peron S, Jones P, Gabbiani F. Precise subcellular input retinotopy and its computational consequences in an identified visual interneuron. Neuron. 2009;63:830-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results show that precise retinotopy has implications for the dendritic integration of visual information in a single neuron...
  8. Badisco L, Huybrechts J, Simonet G, Verlinden H, Marchal E, Huybrechts R, et al. Transcriptome analysis of the desert locust central nervous system: production and annotation of a Schistocerca gregaria EST database. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17274 pubmed publisher
    ..However, molecular studies in locusts are hampered by the fact that genome/transcriptome sequence information available for this branch of insects is still limited...
  9. Cabral de Mello D, Cabrero J, López León M, Camacho J. Evolutionary dynamics of 5S rDNA location in acridid grasshoppers and its relationship with H3 histone gene and 45S rDNA location. Genetica. 2011;139:921-31 pubmed publisher
    We analyze the chromosomal location of 5S rDNA clusters in 29 species of grasshoppers belonging to the family Acrididae. There was extensive variation among species for the number and location of 5S rDNA sites...

More Information

Publications74

  1. Belovsky G, Laws A, Slade J. Prey change behaviour with predation threat, but demographic effects vary with prey density: experiments with grasshoppers and birds. Ecol Lett. 2011;14:335-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, resource availability may need to be considered when assessing how prey behavioural changes with predation threat affect population and food web dynamics...
  2. Zhang Z, Song X, Wang Q, Lu X. Cd and Pb contents in soil, plants, and grasshoppers along a pollution gradient in Huludao City, Northeast China. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012;145:403-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Correlation analysis indicated the same metal source for Cd and Pb in soil, plants, and grasshoppers. Cd and Pb contents in soil, plants, and grasshoppers were all significantly related to distances far from the ..
  3. Sword G, Lecoq M, Simpson S. Phase polyphenism and preventative locust management. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:949-57 pubmed publisher
  4. Ott S, Rogers S. Gregarious desert locusts have substantially larger brains with altered proportions compared with the solitarious phase. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:3087-96 pubmed publisher
    ..The larger brains of gregarious locusts prioritize higher integration, which may support the behavioural demands of generalist foraging and living in dense and highly mobile swarms dominated by intense intraspecific competition...
  5. Forsman A, Karlsson M, Wennersten L, Johansson J, Karpestam E. Rapid evolution of fire melanism in replicated populations of pygmy grasshoppers. Evolution. 2011;65:2530-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we study color polymorphism patterns in pygmy grasshoppers (Tetrix subulata) and show that the frequency of the melanistic (black) color variant was higher in areas that ..
  6. Simões P, Ott S, Niven J. Associative olfactory learning in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:2495-503 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, locusts are capable of forming appetitive olfactory memories in classical conditioning paradigms and can use these memories to modify their decisions...
  7. Wirmer A, Faustmann M, Heinrich R. Reproductive behaviour of female Chorthippus biguttulus grasshoppers. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:745-53 pubmed publisher
    Female grasshoppers of acoustically communicating species assume series of reproductive states that are associated with particular behaviours. Studies on laboratory populations of Chorthippus biguttulus (L...
  8. Badisco L, Marchal E, Van Wielendaele P, Verlinden H, Vleugels R, Vanden Broeck J. RNA interference of insulin-related peptide and neuroparsins affects vitellogenesis in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria. Peptides. 2011;32:573-80 pubmed publisher
    ..That the same processes were affected in opposite ways in both RNAi experiments offers an extra argument for antagonizing roles of Scg-NPs and Scg-IRP...
  9. Niven J, Buckingham C, Lumley S, Cuttle M, Laughlin S. Visual targeting of forelimbs in ladder-walking locusts. Curr Biol. 2010;20:86-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The trajectory was only modified after missing the rung. Our data show that locusts walking in environments where footholds are limited use visual and mechanosensory information to place their front legs...
  10. Ruiz Ruano F, Ruiz Estévez M, Rodriguez Perez J, López Pino J, Cabrero J, Camacho J. DNA amount of X and B chromosomes in the grasshoppers Eyprepocnemis plorans and Locusta migratoria. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2011;134:120-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the utility of the present approach for estimating X and B chromosome DNA amount in a variety of situations, and the meaning of the DNA amount estimates for X and B chromosomes in these 2 species...
  11. Ma Z, Guo W, Guo X, Wang X, Kang L. Modulation of behavioral phase changes of the migratory locust by the catecholamine metabolic pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:3882-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study thus provides insights into the relationships between genes and behavior in phase transition of this important pest species...
  12. Wirmer A, Heinrich R. Nitric oxide/cGMP signaling in the corpora allata of female grasshoppers. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:94-107 pubmed publisher
    ..In female grasshoppers, juvenile hormone (JH) released from the CA is necessary to establish reproductive readiness, including sound ..
  13. Chen S, Yang P, Jiang F, Wei Y, Ma Z, Kang L. De novo analysis of transcriptome dynamics in the migratory locust during the development of phase traits. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e15633 pubmed publisher
    ..Most importantly, we identified genes and pathways that might be involved in locust development and phase change, and may thus benefit pest management...
  14. Jetybayev I, Bugrov A, Karamysheva T, Camacho J, Rubtsov N. Chromosomal localization of ribosomal and telomeric DNA provides new insights on the evolution of gomphocerinae grasshoppers. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;138:36-45 pubmed publisher
    ..ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and telomeric repeats was analysed in mitotic chromosomes of 15 species of Gomphocerinae grasshoppers belonging to the tribes Arcypterini, Gomphocerini, Stenobothrini, and Chrysochraontini...
  15. Li T, Zhang M, Qu Y, Ren Z, Zhang J, Guo Y, et al. Population genetic structure and phylogeographical pattern of rice grasshopper, Oxya hyla intricata, across Southeast Asia. Genetica. 2011;139:511-24 pubmed publisher
    ..hyla intricata populations, which might have been caused by climatic oscillations during glacial periods in the Quaternary...
  16. Keller D, Holderegger R, VAN Strien M. Spatial scale affects landscape genetic analysis of a wetland grasshopper. Mol Ecol. 2013;22:2467-82 pubmed publisher
    ..grossum. The above results suggest that spatial scale and potentially population network topology should be more explicitly considered in future landscape genetic analyses...
  17. Ruiz Estévez M, López León M, Cabrero J, Camacho J. B-chromosome ribosomal DNA is functional in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36600 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, B-chromosome rDNA in E. plorans is functional since it is actively transcribed to form the nucleolus attached to the B chromosome. This demonstrates that some heterochromatic B chromosomes can harbour functional genes...
  18. Harris R, McQuillan P, Hughes L. A test of the thermal melanism hypothesis in the wingless grasshopper Phaulacridium vittatum. J Insect Sci. 2013;13:51 pubmed publisher
    ..49 to 5.65%. In unstriped grasshoppers, darker morphs warmed more rapidly than lighter morphs and reached a higher maximum temperature (lower ..
  19. Tsurui K, Honma A, Nishida T. Camouflage effects of various colour-marking morphs against different microhabitat backgrounds in a polymorphic pygmy grasshopper Tetrix japonica. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11446 pubmed publisher
    ..Using humans as dummy predators and printed photographs in which various morphs of grasshoppers were placed against different backgrounds, we addressed three questions to test the neutral, background ..
  20. Wittmann J, Kolss M, Reinhold K. A neural network-based analysis of acoustic courtship signals and female responses in Chorthippus biguttulus grasshoppers. J Comput Neurosci. 2011;31:105-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the model allows including and testing novel song parameters to generate new hypotheses for further experimental studies. The supplemental material of this article contains the article's data in an active, re-usable format...
  21. Brust M, Hoback W, Wright R. Degree-day requirements for eight economically important grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in Nebraska using field data. Environ Entomol. 2009;38:1521-6 pubmed
    The timing of application for the management of rangeland grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) is critical, especially as insecticides become more specialized and the use of Insect Growth Regulators becomes more widespread...
  22. Pelizza S, Stenglein S, Cabello M, Dinolfo M, Lange C. First record of Fusarium verticillioides as an entomopathogenic fungus of grasshoppers. J Insect Sci. 2011;11:70 pubmed publisher
    ..on infected corn kernels and vegetative tissues, but has not yet been documented as being entomopathogenic for grasshoppers. Grasshoppers and locusts represent a large group of insects that cause economic damage to forage and crops...
  23. Yang Y, Krieger J, Zhang L, Breer H. The olfactory co-receptor Orco from the migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) and the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria): identification and expression pattern. Int J Biol Sci. 2012;8:159-70 pubmed
    ..Together, the results support the notion for a decisive role of Orco in locust olfaction...
  24. Cullen D, Sword G, Dodgson T, Simpson S. Behavioural phase change in the Australian plague locust, Chortoicetes terminifera, is triggered by tactile stimulation of the antennae. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:937-42 pubmed publisher
    Density-dependent phase polyphenism is a defining characteristic of the paraphyletic group of acridid grasshoppers known as locusts...
  25. El Jundi B, Homberg U. Evidence for the possible existence of a second polarization-vision pathway in the locust brain. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:971-9 pubmed publisher
  26. Wang L, Beuerle T, Timbilla J, Ober D. Independent recruitment of a flavin-dependent monooxygenase for safe accumulation of sequestered pyrrolizidine alkaloids in grasshoppers and moths. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31796 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that in two highly divergent insect taxa, the hemimetabolous grasshoppers and the holometabolous butterflies, an almost identical strategy evolved independently for safe accumulation of ..
  27. Bayley T, Sutton G, Burrows M. A buckling region in locust hindlegs contains resilin and absorbs energy when jumping or kicking goes wrong. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:1151-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The features of the buckling region show that it can act as a shock absorber as proposed previously when jumping and kicking movements go wrong...
  28. Castillo E, Bidau C, Martí D. Neo-sex chromosome diversity in Neotropical melanopline grasshoppers (Melanoplinae, Acrididae). Genetica. 2010;138:775-86 pubmed publisher
    ..We also discuss karyotypic diversity within this group in terms of the centromeric drive theory of chromosomal evolution...
  29. Ayali A, Lange A. Rhythmic behaviour and pattern-generating circuits in the locust: key concepts and recent updates. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:834-43 pubmed publisher
  30. Nufio C, McGuire C, Bowers M, Guralnick R. Grasshopper community response to climatic change: variation along an elevational gradient. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12977 pubmed publisher
    ..The two highest sites warmed the most, and at these sites grasshoppers showed significant phenological advancements...
  31. Drewry M, Williams J, Hatle J. Life-extending dietary restriction and ovariectomy result in similar feeding rates but different physiologic responses in grasshoppers. Exp Gerontol. 2011;46:781-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Life span in lubber grasshoppers has been shown to be increased by DR, and separately by ovariectomy (OVX)...
  32. Fotowat H, Harrison R, Gabbiani F. Multiplexing of motor information in the discharge of a collision detecting neuron during escape behaviors. Neuron. 2011;69:147-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, three distinct features that are multiplexed in a single neuron's sensory response to impending collision-firing rate threshold, peak firing time, and spike count-probably control three distinct motor aspects of escape behaviors...
  33. Knowles L, Alvarado Serrano D. Exploring the population genetic consequences of the colonization process with spatio-temporally explicit models: insights from coupled ecological, demographic and genetic models in montane grasshoppers. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:3727-45 pubmed publisher
  34. Träger U, Homberg U. Polarization-sensitive descending neurons in the locust: connecting the brain to thoracic ganglia. J Neurosci. 2011;31:2238-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The third type connects the suboesophageal ganglion with the prothoracic ganglion. It showed no evidence for time compensation in E-vector tuning and might play a role in flight stabilization and control of head movements...
  35. Simões P, Ott S, Niven J. A long-latency aversive learning mechanism enables locusts to avoid odours associated with the consequences of ingesting toxic food. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:1711-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, locusts can form specific long-lasting aversive olfactory associations that they can use to avoid toxin-containing foods whilst foraging...
  36. Dirks J, Taylor D. Fracture toughness of locust cuticle. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:1502-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings thus might inspire the development of new biomimetic composite materials...
  37. Muñoz Pajares A, Martínez Rodríguez L, Teruel M, Cabrero J, Camacho J, Perfectti F. A single, recent origin of the accessory B chromosome of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. Genetics. 2011;187:853-63 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the scarce sequence variation observed among several B variants from very distant populations suggests either a functional constraint or, more likely, a recent and unique origin for B chromosomes in this species...
  38. Miño C, Gardenal C, Bidau C. Morphological, genetic, and chromosomal variation at a small spatial scale within a mosaic hybrid zone of the grasshopper Dichroplus pratensis Bruner (Acrididae). J Hered. 2011;102:184-95 pubmed publisher
    ..In organisms with limited dispersal, such as melanopline grasshoppers, hybrid zones can occur at small spatial scales (i.e., <500 m)...
  39. Laws A, Belovsky G. How will species respond to climate change? Examining the effects of temperature and population density on an herbivorous insect. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:312-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the effects of temperature on grasshopper performance varied with density. Our data indicate the importance of the biotic context in mediating species responses to climatic factors associated with global change...
  40. Heinze S, Gotthardt S, Homberg U. Transformation of polarized light information in the central complex of the locust. J Neurosci. 2009;29:11783-93 pubmed publisher
    ..This scheme is supported by anatomical data and suggests transformation of purely sensory E-vector coding at the CC input stage to position-invariant coding of 360 degrees -compass directions at the output stage...
  41. Pfeiffer K, Negrello M, Homberg U. Conditional perception under stimulus ambiguity: polarization- and azimuth-sensitive neurons in the locust brain are inhibited by low degrees of polarization. J Neurophysiol. 2011;105:28-35 pubmed publisher
    ..These properties can be regarded as sensory filters to avoid ambiguous signaling during sky compass orientation...
  42. Verlinden H, Vleugels R, Marchal E, Badisco L, Pflüger H, Blenau W, et al. The role of octopamine in locusts and other arthropods. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:854-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Since these receptors do not appear to be present in vertebrates, they may present very suitable and specific insecticide and acaricide targets...
  43. Caesar S, Karlsson M, Forsman A. Diversity and relatedness enhance survival in colour polymorphic grasshoppers. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10880 pubmed publisher
    ..Pygmy grasshoppers (Tetrix subulata) are characterized by extensive polymorphism in colour pattern, morphology, behaviour and ..
  44. Simmons P, Rind F, Santer R. Escapes with and without preparation: the neuroethology of visual startle in locusts. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:876-83 pubmed publisher
  45. Geva N, Guershon M, Orlova M, Ayali A. Memoirs of a locust: density-dependent behavioral change as a model for learning and memory. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2010;93:175-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, they offer a novel and tractable model for the study of learning and memory-related processes in a very distinctive behavioral context...
  46. Kawakami T, Butlin R, Adams M, Saint K, Paull D, Cooper S. Re-examination of a proposed case of stasipatric speciation: phylogeography of the Australian morabine grasshoppers (Vandiemenella viatica species group). Mol Ecol. 2009;18:3429-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we assessed whether 11 chromosomal races of Australian morabine grasshoppers (Vandiemenella viatica species group) represent genetically distinct populations by analyses of cytological and ..
  47. Marchal E, Zhang J, Badisco L, Verlinden H, Hult E, Van Wielendaele P, et al. Final steps in juvenile hormone biosynthesis in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;41:219-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Our experiments did not show any involvement of SgFAMeT in JH biosynthesis in the desert locust. Effective and selective inhibitors of SgJHAMT and SgCYP15A1 would likely represent selective biorational locust control agents...
  48. Ache J, Matheson T. Passive resting state and history of antagonist muscle activity shape active extensions in an insect limb. J Neurophysiol. 2012;107:2756-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Low variability in the effects of the passive forces may permit the nervous system to accurately predict their contributions to behavior...
  49. Spit J, Breugelmans B, van Hoef V, Simonet G, Zels S, Broeck J. Growth-inhibition effects of pacifastin-like peptides on a pest insect: the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Peptides. 2012;34:251-7 pubmed publisher
    ..gregaria larvae can adjust their secreted digestive enzyme activities in two distinct ways depending on the composition/concentration of the PI-mixture...
  50. Wang C, St Leger R. Developmental and transcriptional responses to host and nonhost cuticles by the specific locust pathogen Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum. Eukaryot Cell. 2005;4:937-47 pubmed
  51. Teruel M, Cabrero J, Perfectti F, Camacho J. Nucleolus size variation during meiosis and NOR activity of a B chromosome in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. Chromosome Res. 2007;15:755-65 pubmed
    ..5% out of the 247 diplotene cells analysed. The implications of these findings are discussed in the context of B chromosomes as stress-causing genome parasites and the nucleolus as a sensor of stress. ..
  52. Hoffmann K, Wirmer A, Kunst M, Gocht D, Heinrich R. Muscarinic excitation in grasshopper song control circuits is limited by acetylcholinesterase activity. Zoolog Sci. 2007;24:1028-35 pubmed
    The species- and situation-specific sound production of grasshoppers can be stimulated by focal application of both nicotinic and muscarinic receptor agonists into the central body complex of the protocerebrum...
  53. Verlinden H, Badisco L, Marchal E, Van Wielendaele P, Vanden Broeck J. Endocrinology of reproduction and phase transition in locusts. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;162:79-92 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, we will review the current knowledge concerning this close interaction between locust phase polyphenism and reproduction. ..
  54. Santer R, Yamawaki Y, Rind F, Simmons P. Preparing for escape: an examination of the role of the DCMD neuron in locust escape jumps. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2008;194:69-77 pubmed
    ..We therefore propose that the DCMD contributes to hindleg flexion in preparation for an escape jump, but that its activity affects only flexion timing and is not necessary for the occurrence of hindleg flexion. ..
  55. Alborn H, Hansen T, Jones T, Bennett D, Tumlinson J, Schmelz E, et al. Disulfooxy fatty acids from the American bird grasshopper Schistocerca americana, elicitors of plant volatiles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:12976-81 pubmed
    ..This adds a category of insect herbivore-produced elicitors of plant responses, providing further evidence of the ability of plants to detect and respond to a broad range of insect herbivore-produced compounds. ..
  56. Carstens B, Knowles L. Estimating species phylogeny from gene-tree probabilities despite incomplete lineage sorting: an example from Melanoplus grasshoppers. Syst Biol. 2007;56:400-11 pubmed
    ..This approach is applied to a group of montane Melanoplus grasshoppers for which genealogical discordance among loci and incomplete lineage sorting obscures any obvious phylogenetic ..
  57. Brandazza A, Angeli S, Tegoni M, Cambillau C, Pelosi P. Plant stress proteins of the thaumatin-like family discovered in animals. FEBS Lett. 2004;572:3-7 pubmed
    ..A three-dimensional model of S. gregaria TLP suggests a glucanase function. As in plants, TLPs could play a defense role in insects against pathogens. ..
  58. Teruel M, Cabrero J, Perfectti F, Camacho J. Quantitative analysis of NOR expression in a B chromosome of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. Chromosoma. 2009;118:291-301 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are discussed in the context of the nucleolus as a sensor of the stress caused by parasitic B chromosomes. ..
  59. Pfeiffer K, Kinoshita M, Homberg U. Polarization-sensitive and light-sensitive neurons in two parallel pathways passing through the anterior optic tubercle in the locust brain. J Neurophysiol. 2005;94:3903-15 pubmed
    ..These responses strongly depended on stimulus position and might reflect navigation-relevant signals such as direct sunlight or visual landmarks that are integrated with polarization responses in neurons of the lower unit. ..
  60. Samietz J, Salser M, Dingle H. Altitudinal variation in behavioural thermoregulation: local adaptation vs. plasticity in California grasshoppers. J Evol Biol. 2005;18:1087-96 pubmed
    ..The thermoregulatory syndrome of these grasshoppers is an important contribution to life-history adaptations that appropriately match season lengths.
  61. Gebhardt S, Homberg U. Immunocytochemistry of histamine in the brain of the locust Schistocerca gregaria. Cell Tissue Res. 2004;317:195-205 pubmed
    ..The apparent lack in the desert locust of certain histamine-immunoreactive neurons which were reported in the migratory locust may be responsible for differences in the physiological role of histamine between both species...
  62. Ronacher B, Wohlgemuth S, Vogel A, Krahe R. Discrimination of acoustic communication signals by grasshoppers (Chorthippus biguttulus): temporal resolution, temporal integration, and the impact of intrinsic noise. J Comp Psychol. 2008;122:252-63 pubmed publisher
    ..This applies also to grasshoppers, which for mate identification rely mainly on the characteristic temporal patterns of their communication ..
  63. Cabrero J, Camacho J. Location and expression of ribosomal RNA genes in grasshoppers: abundance of silent and cryptic loci. Chromosome Res. 2008;16:595-607 pubmed publisher
    ..The cryptic NORs might correspond to nascent NORs, i.e. a few rRNA gene copies moved to new locations, whereas the inactive rDNA loci might correspond to those being in the process of elimination...
  64. Wilson K. Evolutionary ecology: old ideas percolate into ecology. Curr Biol. 2009;19:R21-3 pubmed publisher
    ..A novel model derived from percolation theory suggests that phase polyphenism may have initially evolved in locusts as a behavioural strategy to reduce the connectivity between patches of vulnerable prey, so reducing predation risk...
  65. Clynen E, Schoofs L. Peptidomic survey of the locust neuroendocrine system. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;39:491-507 pubmed publisher