palaemonidae

Summary

Summary: A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the palaemonid shrimp. Genera include Macrobrachium, Palaemon, and Palaemonetes. Palaemonidae osmoregulate by means of gills.

Top Publications

  1. Duan Y, Liu P, Li J, Li J, Chen P. Immune gene discovery by expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis of hemocytes in the ridgetail white prawn Exopalaemon carinicauda. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:173-82 pubmed publisher
    ..49% of all ESTs). The EST sequences of E. carinicauda hemocytes provide important information of the immune system and lay the groundwork for development of molecular markers related to disease resistance in prawn species...
  2. Sung H, Yang C, Lin Y, Chang P. The effect of two CpG oligodeoxynucleotides with different sequences on haemocytic immune responses of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;26:256-63 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support the notion that os-ODN13 may be able to neutralise or negate the enhancing effect of ODN2006 on proPO expression via the NF-kappaB signalling pathway as well as an unknown signalling pathway...
  3. Wu P, Qi D, Chen L, Zhang H, Zhang X, Qin J, et al. Gene discovery from an ovary cDNA library of oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense by ESTs annotation. Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2009;4:111-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This study also lays the groundwork for development of molecular markers related to ovary development in other prawn species...
  4. Nakkrasae L, Damrongphol P. A vasa-like gene in the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Mol Reprod Dev. 2007;74:835-42 pubmed
    ..Sequence similarity and specific localization in the germ cells suggest that Mrvlg is the prawn vasa homologue of the Drosophila gene and can be used as a molecular marker for prawn germ cells...
  5. Oliphant A, Thatje S, Brown A, Morini M, Ravaux J, Shillito B. Pressure tolerance of the shallow-water caridean shrimp Palaemonetes varians across its thermal tolerance window. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:1109-17 pubmed publisher
    ..001). Low mean levels of LOE were observed at 20 and 30°C and were not distinct (P=0.985). The physiological capability of P. varians to tolerate a wide range of temperatures and significant hydrostatic pressure is discussed...
  6. Ma K, Feng J, Lin J, Li J. The complete mitochondrial genome of Macrobrachium nipponense. Gene. 2011;487:160-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The two rRNAs of M. nipponense and M. rosenbergii are encoded on the H strand, whereas the M. lanchesteri rRNAs are encoded on the L stand...
  7. Zhu X, Dai Z, Liu J, Yang W. Actin gene in prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii: characteristics and differential tissue expression during embryonic development. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2005;140:599-605 pubmed
    ..Expression of the Mar-actin gene varied during embryonic development and reached the maximal level at the zoea stage. This is the first report describing the complete sequence and expression pattern of the actin gene in prawns...
  8. Carini G, Hughes J. Population structure of Macrobrachium australiense (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) in Western Queensland, Australia: the role of contemporary and historical processes. Heredity (Edinb). 2004;93:350-63 pubmed
    ..of dispersal associated with this flow regime for the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium australiense (Decapoda: Palaemonidae), sampling 28 localities throughout eight catchments...
  9. Li J, Han J, Chen P, Chang Z, He Y, Liu P, et al. Cloning of a heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) gene and expression analysis in the ridgetail white prawn Exopalaemon carinicauda. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:1191-7 pubmed publisher
    ..carinicauda showed different expression profiles after pH and ammonia-N stresses. The results indicated that EcHSP90 was a constitutive and inducible expressed protein and could be induced by various stresses from environment...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ma K, Feng J, Xie N, Feng X, Li J. [Microsatellite analysis of genetic variation of the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense in Qiantang River]. Dongwuxue Yanjiu. 2011;32:363-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrated that genetic diversity and genetic structure of M. nipponense stocks were relevant to geographical position where they survived...
  2. Ventura T, Aflalo E, Weil S, Kashkush K, Sagi A. Isolation and characterization of a female-specific DNA marker in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Heredity (Edinb). 2011;107:456-61 pubmed publisher
    ..rosenbergii may have considerable applied merit for crustacean culture in that it will enable the determination of genetic sex at early developmental stages when phenotypic differences are not identifiable...
  3. Yamuna A, Bhavan P, Geraldine P. Ultrastructural observations in gills and hepatopancreas of prawn Macrobrachium malcolmsonii exposed to mercury. J Environ Biol. 2009;30:693-9 pubmed
    ..However these alterations would have an impact on the cellular integrity of the gills and hepatopancreas and such alterations can be taken as 'biomarkers' for assessing Hg pollution in the aquatic environment...
  4. Wowor D, Muthu V, Meier R, Balke M, Cai Y, Ng P. Evolution of life history traits in Asian freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) based on multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2009;52:340-50 pubmed
    ..A., Garcia, J.V., 1995. Larval development of Macrobrachium reyesi Pereira (Decapoda, Palaemonidae), with a discussion on the origin of abbreviated development in palaemonids. J. Crust. Biol...
  5. Arockiaraj J, Easwvaran S, Vanaraja P, Singh A, Othman R, Bhassu S. Immunological role of thiol-dependent peroxiredoxin gene in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;33:121-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding leads a possible way to propose the recombinant MrPrdx protein as an effective medicine for reactive oxygen species (ROS) related diseases...
  6. Ma K, Qiu G, Feng J, Li J. Transcriptome analysis of the oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense using 454 pyrosequencing for discovery of genes and markers. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39727 pubmed publisher
    ..The oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense, is an economically and nutritionally important species of the Palaemonidae family of decapod crustaceans...
  7. Zhang F, Chen L, Qin J, Zhao W, Wu P, Yu N, et al. cDNA cloning and expression analysis of gustavus gene in the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17170 pubmed publisher
    ..The differential expression patterns of MnGus in the embryo, ovary and other somatic tissues suggest that the gustavus gene performs multiple physiological functions in the oriental river prawn...
  8. Penha Lopes G, Torres P, Cannicci S, Narciso L, Paula J. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: a test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator. Environ Pollut. 2011;159:636-45 pubmed publisher
    ..However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics...
  9. Faleiros R, Goldman M, Furriel R, McNamara J. Differential adjustment in gill Na+/K+- and V-ATPase activities and transporter mRNA expression during osmoregulatory acclimation in the cinnamon shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). J Exp Biol. 2010;213:3894-905 pubmed publisher
    ..These changes in Na(+)/K(+)- and V-ATPase activities and in mRNA expression during salinity acclimation appear to underpin ion uptake and Cl(-) secretion by the palaemonid shrimp gill...
  10. Zhang F, Chen L, Wu P, Zhao W, Li E, Qin J. cDNA cloning and expression of Ubc9 in the developing embryo and ovary of Oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;155:288-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The differential expressions of MnUbc9 in the embryo and ovary suggest that MnUbc9 may play an important role in embryogenesis and oogenesis of M. nipponense...
  11. de Bruyn M, Wilson J, Mather P. Huxley's line demarcates extensive genetic divergence between eastern and western forms of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;30:251-7 pubmed
    ..Eastern' and 'western' M. rosenbergii clades have probably been separated since Miocene times. Within-clade diversity appears to have been shaped by dispersal events influenced by eustatic change...
  12. Wang Y, Mao H, Hou C, Sun X, Wang D, Zhou H, et al. Characterization and expression pattern of KIFC1-like kinesin gene in the testis of the Macrobrachium nipponense with discussion of its relationship with structure lamellar complex (LCx) and acroframosome (AFS). Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:7591-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nipponense. In conclusion, the expression of mn-kifc1 at specific stages of spermiogenesis suggests a role in cellular transformations in M. nipponense...
  13. Jung H, Lyons R, Dinh H, Hurwood D, McWilliam S, Mather P. Transcriptomics of a giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii): de novo assembly, annotation and marker discovery. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27938 pubmed publisher
    ..However, as little is known about its genome, 454 pyrosequencing of cDNA was undertaken to characterise its transcriptome and identify genes important for growth...
  14. Lu K, Huang Y, Lee H, Sung H. Cloning the prophenoloxidase cDNA and monitoring the expression of proPO mRNA in prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) stimulated in vivo by CpG oligodeoxynucleotides. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006;20:274-84 pubmed
  15. Okuno A, Yang W, Jayasankar V, Saido Sakanaka H, Huong D, Jasmani S, et al. Deduced primary structure of vitellogenin in the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and yolk processing during ovarian maturation. J Exp Zool. 2002;292:417-29 pubmed
    ..The three processed subunits A, B, and C/D are sequestered by the ovary to give rise to three yolk proteins, Macr-VnA, VnB, and VnC/D...
  16. Yeh S, Liu K, Chiu S, Jian S, Cheng W, Liu C. Identification and cloning of a selenium dependent glutathione peroxidase from giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:181-91 pubmed publisher
  17. Siangcham T, Tinikul Y, Poljaroen J, Sroyraya M, Changklungmoa N, Phoungpetchara I, et al. The effects of serotonin, dopamine, gonadotropin-releasing hormones, and corazonin, on the androgenic gland of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;193:10-8 pubmed publisher
    ..rosenbergii, as they induce increases in AG and testicular size, IAG production, and spermatogenesis. The mechanisms by which these occur are part of our on-going research. ..
  18. Li N, Zhao Y, Yang J. Accumulation, distribution, and toxicology of copper sulfate in juvenile giant freshwater prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2005;75:497-504 pubmed
  19. Ruelas Inzunza J, Green Ruiz C, Zavala Nevárez M, Soto Jimenez M. Biomonitoring of Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb in the Baluarte River basin associated to a mining area (NW Mexico). Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:3527-36 pubmed publisher
    ..99, 0.79 and 2.34 kg of fish in relation to Cd, Hg and Pb, respectively; regarding crustaceans, maximum amounts were 11.33, 2.49 and 2.68 kg of prawns relative to levels of Cd, Hg and Pb, respectively...
  20. Sriket C, Benjakul S, Visessanguan W, Hara K, Yoshida A. Retardation of post-mortem changes of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) stored in ice by legume seed extracts. Food Chem. 2012;135:571-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the injections of legume seed extracts, especially soybean extract, at a sufficient concentration, could be a means to retard muscle softening and maintain the qualities of freshwater prawn during iced storage...
  21. Li J, Lee P, Chen O, Cheng W, Kuo C. Dopamine depresses the immune ability and increases susceptibility to Lactococcus garvieae in the freshwater giant prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2005;19:269-80 pubmed
    ..rosenbergii challenged with the pathogen L. garvieae. These results suggest that stress-inducing dopamine suppresses the immune system, which in turn promotes the susceptibility to L. garvieae in M. rosenbergii...
  22. Saedi T, Moeini H, Tan W, Yusoff K, Daud H, Chu K, et al. Detection and phylogenetic profiling of nodavirus associated with white tail disease in Malaysian Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man. Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:5785-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Histopathological studies revealed myofiber degeneration of the tail muscles and liquefactive myopathy in the infected prawns. This was the first report on the occurrence of MrNV in the Malaysian freshwater prawn...
  23. Qian Y, Li Y, Yang F, Yu Y, Yang J, Yang W. Two Kazal-type protease inhibitors from Macrobrachium nipponense and Eriocheir sinensis: comparative analysis of structure and activities. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:446-58 pubmed publisher
    ..These results may provide new perspective to further clarify the mechanism of KPI-proteases interaction in the male reproductive system...
  24. Egset C, Bolstad G, Rosenqvist G, Endler J, PElabon C. Geographical variation in allometry in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). J Evol Biol. 2011;24:2631-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study further suggests that the allometric elevation is more variable than the allometric slope...
  25. Arieli Y, Katsenelson K, Arieli R. Bubble reduction after decompression in the prawn Palaemon elegans by pretreatment with hyperbaric oxygen. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2007;34:369-78 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates that HBO2 pretreatment at 405 kPa is sufficient to reduce the number of bubbles that will emerge on decompression from several levels of compression...
  26. Key P, Hoguet J, Reed L, Chung K, Fulton M. Effects of the statin antihyperlipidemic agent simvastatin on grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio. Environ Toxicol. 2008;23:153-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Both lethal and sublethal effects associated with simvastatin exposure were only observed at concentrations well above those reported in the environment...
  27. Bruce A. Periclimenaeus denticulodigitus sp. nov. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae: Pontoniinae), from Heron Island, Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa. 2014;3753:71-8 pubmed publisher
    An unusual species of the genus Periclimenaeus Borradaile, 1915 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae Pontoniinae) from Heron Island, Queensland, Australia, collected by Dr Niel Bruce in 1979, is described and illustrated...
  28. Dosunmu M, Oyo Ita I, Oyo Ita O. Risk assessment of human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons via shrimp (Macrobrachium felicinum) consumption along the Imo River catchments, SE Nigeria. Environ Geochem Health. 2016;38:1333-1345 pubmed
    ..The EDI values for naphthalene, benzo(a)pyrene and ∑PAHcarc were lower than the USEPA benchmarks and EFSA levels of concern values for adult and children population, suggesting low probability of developing cancer. ..
  29. Shen H, Zhou X, Bai A, Ren X, Zhang Y. Ecdysone receptor gene from the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium nipponense: identification of different splice variants and sexually dimorphic expression, fluctuation of expression in the molt cycle and effect of eyestalk ablation. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;193:86-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The dominant splice variants in testis were MnEcR-S1 and -S2, while in ovary they were MnEcR-L1 and -S2, indicating specific roles for these splice variants in male and female individuals. ..
  30. Di Leonardo V, Bonnichon V, Roch P, Parrinello N, Bonami J. Comparative WSSV infection routes in the shrimp genera Marsupenaeus and Palaemon. J Fish Dis. 2005;28:565-9 pubmed
  31. Guimarães P, Sazima C, Dos Reis S, Sazima I. The nested structure of marine cleaning symbiosis: is it like flowers and bees?. Biol Lett. 2007;3:51-4 pubmed
    ..Our results support the notion that mutualisms evolve to a predictable community-level structure, be it in terrestrial or marine communities...
  32. Arockiaraj J, Gnanam A, Palanisamy R, Kumaresan V, Bhatt P, Thirumalai M, et al. A prawn transglutaminase: molecular characterization and biochemical properties. Biochimie. 2013;95:2354-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these results suggested that MrTGase is a major and functional TGase of M. rosenbergii for haemolymph coagulation and also in spread of infection...
  33. Lafontaine A, Gismondi E, Boulangé Lecomte C, Geraudie P, Dodet N, Caupos F, et al. Effects of chlordecone on 20-hydroxyecdysone concentration and chitobiase activity in a decapod crustacean, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquat Toxicol. 2016;176:53-63 pubmed publisher
    ..This study also confirmed that CLD could be an endocrine disruptor in decapod crustaceans, as it was already observed in vertebrates. ..
  34. Pellon Maison M, Garcia C, Cattaneo E, Coleman R, Gonzalez Baro M. Macrobrachium borellii hepatopancreas contains a mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase which initiates triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Lipids. 2009;44:337-44 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that in M. borellii the de novo triacylglycerol biosynthetic pathway can be completed in the mitochondria. In contrast, TAG synthesis in the ER may function via the monoacylglycerol pathway...
  35. Lavarías S, Pasquevich M, Dreon M, Heras H. Partial characterization of a malonyl-CoA-sensitive carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase I from Macrobrachium borellii (Crustacea: Palaemonidae). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;152:364-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Although CPT I displayed kinetic differences with insect and vertebrates, prawn showed a high capacity for energy generation through beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids...
  36. Huang X, Li T, Jin M, Yin S, Wang W, Ren Q. Identification of a Macrobrachium nipponense C-type lectin with a close evolutionary relationship to vertebrate lectins. Mol Immunol. 2017;87:141-151 pubmed publisher
    ..On the contrary, MnCTL silencing by dsRNA interference could weaken the bacterial clearance ability. All these findings implicated MnCTL were involved in the antiviral and antibacterial innate immunity of M. nipponense. ..
  37. Cresswell T, Smith R, Nugegoda D, Simpson S. Comparing trace metal bioaccumulation characteristics of three freshwater decapods of the genus Macrobrachium. Aquat Toxicol. 2014;152:256-63 pubmed publisher
    ..It is recommended that future studies using surrogate species quantify the metal bioaccumulation characteristics of each species in order to account for any differences between species. ..
  38. Arockiaraj J, Gnanam A, Muthukrishnan D, Thirumalai M, Pasupuleti M, Milton J, et al. Macrobrachium rosenbergii cathepsin L: molecular characterization and gene expression in response to viral and bacterial infections. Microbiol Res. 2013;168:569-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Conclusively, the results of this study imply that MrCathL has high pH stability and is fascinating object for further research on the function of cathepsin L in prawn innate immune system. ..
  39. Ma K, Lin J, Guo S, Chen Y, Li J, Qiu G. Molecular characterization and expression analysis of an insulin-like gene from the androgenic gland of the oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;185:90-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The mature peptide of the MnIAG owned two additional conserved cysteine residues, which were also found in the Palaemonidae species reported...
  40. Oliveira C, Almeida J, Guilhermino L, Soares A, Gravato C. Acute effects of deltamethrin on swimming velocity and biomarkers of the common prawn Palaemon serratus. Aquat Toxicol. 2012;124-125:209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study showed that swimming velocity could be used as an ecologically relevant tool and a sensitive endpoint to assess and complement the study of pesticide effects on marine organisms...
  41. Winston G, Lemaire D, Lee R. Antioxidants and total oxyradical scavenging capacity during grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, embryogenesis. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2004;139:281-8 pubmed
    ..In early embryo stages there are maternally derived antioxidants but as embryogenesis proceeds there is an assembly of a complex antioxidant system by newly formed cells and tissues...
  42. Lovell J, Moate R, Christiansen L, Findlay M. The relationship between body size and evoked potentials from the statocysts of the prawn Palaemon serratus. J Exp Biol. 2006;209:2480-5 pubmed
    ..The findings of this study show that P. serratus is capable of hearing a 500 Hz tone regardless of body size, a finding that is of ecological importance when considering the effect of anthropogenic sound on crustaceans...
  43. Haridas D, Pillai D, Manojkumar B, Nair C, Sherief P. Optimisation of reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Macrobrachium rosenbergii noda virus and extra small virus in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. J Virol Methods. 2010;167:61-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The cost of RT-LAMP for one reaction is nearly 4 times less than that of RT-PCR...
  44. Brouwer M, Brown Peterson N, Hoexum Brouwer T, Manning S, Denslow N. Changes in mitochondrial gene and protein expression in grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, exposed to chronic hypoxia. Mar Environ Res. 2008;66:143-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that mitochondrial genes and proteins show promise as molecular indicators of exposure to hypoxia...
  45. Poapolathep A, Jermnak U, Chareonsan A, Sakulthaew C, Klangkaew N, Sukasem T, et al. Dispositions and residue depletion of enrofloxacin and its metabolite ciprofloxacin in muscle tissue of giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 2009;32:229-34 pubmed publisher
    ..rosenbergii...
  46. Robe L, Machado S, Bartholomei Santos M. The DNA barcoding and the caveats with respect to its application to some species of Palaemonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda). Zoolog Sci. 2012;29:714-24 pubmed publisher
    ..As the use of DNA barcoding within Palaemonidae may be of special interest, given its great interspecific morphological conservatism associated with ..
  47. Okuno J. Periclimenes speciosus, a new species of anthozoan associated shrimp (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from southern Japan. Zoolog Sci. 2004;21:865-75 pubmed
    ..The coloration in life of both species clearly discriminates one species from the other. The taxonomic status of some specimens previously reported as P. holthuisi is briefly discussed...
  48. Toe A, Areechon N, Srisapoome P. Molecular characterization and immunological response analysis of a novel transferrin-like, pacifastin heavy chain protein in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;33:801-12 pubmed
    ..Even though the function as an iron transporter is not proven, immune response studies are clearly indicated that PHC is critically involved in the immune system in these animals...
  49. Qiao H, Fu H, Jin S, Wu Y, Jiang S, Gong Y, et al. Constructing and random sequencing analysis of normalized cDNA library of testis tissue from oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense). Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2012;7:268-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study provide new sequence information about M. nipponense, which will be the basis for further genetic studies of this species and other decapods crustaceans...
  50. Guadagnoli J, Tobita K, Reiber C. Changes in cardiac performance during hypoxic exposure in the grass shrimp Palaemonetes pugio. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:3906-14 pubmed publisher
  51. Key P, Chung K, Hoguet J, Sapozhnikova Y, Fulton M. Effects of the anti-fouling herbicide Irgarol 1051 on two life stages of the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio. J Environ Sci Health B. 2008;43:50-5 pubmed
    ..Both lethal and sublethal effects associated with irgarol exposure were only observed at concentrations well above those reported in the environment...
  52. Freire C, Amado E, Souza L, Veiga M, Vitule J, Souza M, et al. Muscle water control in crustaceans and fishes as a function of habitat, osmoregulatory capacity, and degree of euryhalinity. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2008;149:435-46 pubmed publisher
    ..ehrhardti and M. microlepis. More recent FW invaders such as the palaemonid shrimps (M. potiuna and M. acanthurus) and the cichlid G. brasiliensis are euryhaline and still display a high capacity for IIR...
  53. Ribeiro M, McNamara J. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate signaling cascade mediates pigment aggregation in freshwater shrimp chromatophores. Biol Bull. 2009;216:138-48 pubmed
    ..This is a further example of a cGMP signaling cascade mediating the effect of a crustacean X-organ neurosecretory peptide...