ixodidae

Summary

Summary: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.

Top Publications

  1. Umemiya Shirafuji R, Tanaka T, Boldbaatar D, Tanaka T, Fujisaki K. Akt is an essential player in regulating cell/organ growth at the adult stage in the hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2012;42:164-73 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of identification and characterization of Akt in Chelicerata, including ticks...
  2. Zheng H, Yu Z, Chen Z, Zhou L, Zheng B, Ma H, et al. Development and biological characteristics of Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae) under field conditions. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;53:377-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The mean weight (3.33 mg) of engorged nymphs molting to females was significantly higher than that (2.35 mg) of those molting to males (P < 0.001), but the body weights of both sexes were overlapping...
  3. Nava S, Mangold A, Mastropaolo M, Venzal J, Fracassi N, Guglielmone A. Seasonal dynamics and hosts of Amblyomma triste (Acari: Ixodidae) in Argentina. Vet Parasitol. 2011;181:301-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, A. triste has a life cycle of 1 year with adults feeding on large endemic and introduced mammals and immature stages using sigmodontine and caviid rodents as hosts...
  4. Apanaskevich D, Filippova N, Horak I. The genus Hyalomma Koch, 1844. x. redescription of all parasitic stages of H. (Euhyalomma) scupense Schulze, 1919 (= H. detritum Schulze) (Acari: Ixodidae) and notes on its biology. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2010;57:69-78 pubmed
    ..Data on hosts, geographic distribution and disease relationships are provided...
  5. Sabatini G, Pinter A, Nieri Bastos F, Marcili A, Labruna M. Survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and their rickettsia in an Atlantic rain forest reserve in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:913-6 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that A. ovale is the vector of Rickettsia sp strain Atlantic rain forest in the state of São Paulo...
  6. Mihalca A, Dumitrache M, Magdaş C, Gherman C, Domşa C, Mircean V, et al. Synopsis of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of Romania with update on host associations and geographical distribution. Exp Appl Acarol. 2012;58:183-206 pubmed publisher
    ..paper is a synoptic review of the distribution and host associations of the 25 species of hard tick fauna (family Ixodidae) in Romania...
  7. Briciu V, Titilincu A, Tăţulescu D, Carstina D, Lefkaditis M, Mihalca A. First survey on hard ticks (Ixodidae) collected from humans in Romania: possible risks for tick-borne diseases. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;54:199-204 pubmed publisher
    ..punctata. Ixodes ricinus was the most abundant species feeding on humans in the study area. A brief review of possible associated pathogen is provided...
  8. Ogrzewalska M, Uezu A, Labruna M. Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting wild birds in the Atlantic Forest in northeastern Brazil, with notes on rickettsial infection in ticks. Parasitol Res. 2011;108:665-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides some bird species found infested by A. longirostre, A. parkeri, A. calcaratum, A. nodosum, or A. cajennense for the first time and expands the distribution of R. amblyommii-infected A. longirostre ticks...
  9. Martins J, Reck J, Doyle R, da Cruz N, Vieira A, Souza U. Amblyomma aureolatum (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing margay (Leopardus wiedii) in Rio Grande do Sul. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2010;19:189-91 pubmed
    We report the finding of Amblyomma aureolatum (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing margay (Leopardus wiedii) in the locality of Gravataí (29° 47' 12.9" S and 50° 53' 44.1" W; 241 m alt.), State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Yukari B, Nalbantoglu S, Karaer Z, Inci A, Eren H, Sayın F. [Some biological features of Hyalomma marginatum in the laboratory]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2011;35:40-2 pubmed publisher
    ..This study has been planned to investigate some biological features of Hyalomma marginatum, which is one of the important vectors in the world and in our country...
  2. Siroký P, Kubelová M, Modry D, Erhart J, Literak I, Spitalska E, et al. Tortoise tick Hyalomma aegyptium as long term carrier of Q fever agent Coxiella burnetii--evidence from experimental infection. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:1515-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Prevalence of C. burnetii among adult H. aegyptium was 28.9% (n=90). According to our results, tortoise-specific ticks have indisputable potential in the epidemiology of Q fever natural foci...
  3. Caperucci D, Bechara G, Camargo Mathias M. Ultrastructure features of the midgut of the female adult Amblyomma cajennense ticks Fabricius, 1787 (Acari: Ixodidae) in several feeding stages and subjected to three infestations. Micron. 2010;41:710-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These changes are probably due to the host immune response that returns antibodies to the ectoparasite and thus acquires resistance to their secreted products...
  4. Sobrino R, Millan J, Oleaga A, Gortazar C, De La Fuente J, Ruiz Fons F. Ecological preferences of exophilic and endophilic ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing wild carnivores in the Iberian Peninsula. Vet Parasitol. 2012;184:248-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Information provided herein can be of help to understand tick ecology in Spanish wildlife, the epidemiology of tick-borne diseases, and to prevent the risks of TBPs for wildlife, domestic animals, and humans...
  5. Trout R, Steelman C, Szalanski A, Williamson P. Rickettsiae in Gulf Coast ticks, Arkansas, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:830-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Of the screened ticks, 30% had PCR amplicons consistent with Rickettsia parkeri or Candidatus Rickettsia amblyommii...
  6. Chen X, Yu Z, Guo L, Li L, Meng H, Wang D, et al. Life cycle of Haemaphysalis doenitzi (Acari: Ixodidae) under laboratory conditions and its phylogeny based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA. Exp Appl Acarol. 2012;56:143-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The ratio of male to female is 1:1.01. Moreover, multisequence alignments and phylogenetic tree constructed based on the mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences suggest that H. doenitzi is genetically close to H. longicornis...
  7. Anisuzzaman -, Islam M, Alim M, Miyoshi T, Hatta T, Yamaji K, et al. Longistatin is an unconventional serine protease and induces protective immunity against tick infestation. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2012;182:45-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that longistatin is a new potent atypical serine protease, and may be an interesting candidate for the development of anti-tick vaccines...
  8. Bursali A, Tekin S, Orhan M, Keskin A, Ozkan M. Ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting humans in Tokat Province of Turkey: species diversity and seasonal activity. J Vector Ecol. 2010;35:180-6 pubmed publisher
    Ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are the major vectors of pathogens threatening animal and human health. Tokat Province, Turkey, is a suitable habitat for extended tick activity with its moderate climate and vegetation...
  9. Serra Freire N. Occurrence of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on human hosts, in three municipalities in the State of Pará, Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2010;19:141-7 pubmed
    ..sanguineus, and in the other locations it wasfor A. cajennense. Agricultural workers faced the greatest risk from parasitism, and to place in practice elementary measures of prevention would reduce by 25% the number of cases...
  10. Omeragic J. Ixodid ticks in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;53:301-9 pubmed publisher
    Ticks of the Ixodidae family represent an enormous threat to human and animal health. From January to December 2004, a total of 10,050 ixodid ticks were collected from 26 areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina and determined to the species level...
  11. Soares J, Soares H, Barbieri A, Labruna M. Experimental infection of the tick Amblyomma cajennense, Cayenne tick, with Rickettsia rickettsii, the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Med Vet Entomol. 2012;26:139-51 pubmed publisher
    In the laboratory, Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) (Fabricius) larvae, nymphs and adults were exposed to Rickettsia rickettsii by feeding on needle-inoculated animals, and thereafter reared on uninfected guinea pigs or rabbits...
  12. Estrada Pena A, Farkas R, Jaenson T, Koenen F, Madder M, Pascucci I, et al. Association of environmental traits with the geographic ranges of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of medical and veterinary importance in the western Palearctic. A digital data set. Exp Appl Acarol. 2013;59:351-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We stressed the importance of building reliable collections of ticks with specific references as to collection point, host and date of capture. The data set is freely downloadable...
  13. Siroký P, Erhart J, Petrzelkova K, Kamler M. Life cycle of tortoise tick Hyalomma aegyptium under laboratory conditions. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;54:277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Only 2.8% of engorged larvae and 1.8% of engorged nymphs remained un-molted and died. Despite the use of natural host species, feeding success of females reached only 45%. The whole life-cycle was completed within 147 days (98-215)...
  14. Mazioli R, Szabó M, Mafra C. Amblyomma nodosum (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing a domestic dog in Colatina, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2012;21:428-32 pubmed
    ..However, more in-depth research into the hosts and ecology of A. nodosum is needed, since it has been associated to infectious agents that are potentially pathogenic for humans...
  15. Szabo M, Nieri Bastos F, Spolidorio M, Martins T, Barbieri A, Labruna M. In vitro isolation from Amblyomma ovale (Acari: Ixodidae) and ecological aspects of the Atlantic rainforest Rickettsia, the causative agent of a novel spotted fever rickettsiosis in Brazil. Parasitology. 2013;140:719-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Dogs get infected when bitten by A. ovale ticks in the forest, and carry infected ticks to households. The role of E. russatus as an amplifier host of Rickettsia to A. ovale ticks deserves investigation...
  16. Tomassone L, Nunez P, Ceballos L, Gurtler R, Kitron U, Farber M. Detection of "Candidatus Rickettsia sp. strain Argentina"and Rickettsia bellii in Amblyomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from Northern Argentina. Exp Appl Acarol. 2010;52:93-100 pubmed publisher
    ..Rickettsia bellii was detected in a host-seeking male of A. tigrinum. Amblyomma parvum is widespread in the study area and is a potential threat to human health...
  17. Mastropaolo M, Nava S, Guglielmone A, Mangold A. Biological differences between two allopatric populations of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) in Argentina. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;53:371-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The females from group 3 and 4 had a FEI extremely low in comparison with the FEI obtained from the engorged females originated from the groups 1 and 2. Biological implication of these findings is discussed...
  18. Martinez Velazquez M, Castillo Herrera G, Rosario Cruz R, Flores Fernandez J, Lopez Ramirez J, Hernandez Gutierrez R, et al. Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;108:481-7 pubmed publisher
    ..microplus tick control, and there is a high probability they can be used for other ticks affecting cattle in Mexico and throughout the world, thereby reducing the necessity for traditional and unfriendly synthetic acaricides...
  19. Heise S, Elshahed M, Little S. Bacterial diversity in Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) with a focus on members of the genus Rickettsia. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:258-68 pubmed
    The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae), is commonly reported from people and animals throughout the eastern U.S. and is associated with transmission of a number of emerging diseases...
  20. Zheng H, Yu Z, Zhou L, Yang X, Liu J. Seasonal abundance and activity of the hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae) in North China. Exp Appl Acarol. 2012;56:133-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, we captured rodents from April to September 2008, but only a negligible number of nymphs were detected. This result suggested that rodents are not the principal hosts for this tick in the study area...
  21. Francischetti I, Anderson J, Manoukis N, Pham V, Ribeiro J. An insight into the sialotranscriptome and proteome of the coarse bontlegged tick, Hyalomma marginatum rufipes. J Proteomics. 2011;74:2892-908 pubmed publisher
    ..The hard ticks (family Ixodidae) are further divided into two basal groups, of which the Metastriata have 11 genera...
  22. Gleim E, Conner L, Yabsley M. The effects of Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and burned habitat on the survival of Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) and Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae). J Med Entomol. 2013;50:270-6 pubmed
    ..In this study, burning status was more important for survival of ticks than presence of red imported fire ants, with Gulf Coast ticks surviving better in burned habitat that typically experiences higher temperatures and lower humidity...
  23. Pacheco R, Moraes Filho J, Guedes E, Silveira I, Richtzenhain L, Leite R, et al. Rickettsial infections of dogs, horses and ticks in Juiz de Fora, southeastern Brazil, and isolation of Rickettsia rickettsii from Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks. Med Vet Entomol. 2011;25:148-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Adult ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) identified as Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) and Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) were collected from dogs ..
  24. Vazquez L, Panadero R, Dacal V, Pato F, López C, Diaz P, et al. Tick infestation (Acari: Ixodidae) in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) from northwestern Spain: population dynamics and risk stratification. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;53:399-409 pubmed publisher
    ..hunted in different preserves from Galicia (Northwestern Spain), were examined for ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). The overall prevalence of infestation by ticks was 83.1%. The predominant species was Ixodes ricinus (83...
  25. Ogrzewalska M, Saraiva D, Moraes Filho J, Martins T, Costa F, Pinter A, et al. Epidemiology of Brazilian spotted fever in the Atlantic Forest, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Parasitology. 2012;139:1283-300 pubmed publisher
    ..However, not all forest patches in the southern part of the SPMA were shown to be associated with BSF endemism...
  26. Chao L, Hsieh C, Shih C. First report of Amblyomma helvolum (Acari: Ixodidae) from the Taiwan stink snake, Elaphe carinata (Reptilia: Colubridae), collected in southern Taiwan. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2013;4:246-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The increased international trade in wild reptiles may contribute to accidental transportation of ticks into Taiwan. The host range and vector capacity of A. helvolum for various tick-borne pathogens need to be further clarified...
  27. Kaufman W, Flynn P, Reynolds S. Cuticular plasticization in the tick, Amblyomma hebraeum (Acari: Ixodidae): possible roles of monoamines and cuticular pH. J Exp Biol. 2010;213:2820-31 pubmed publisher
    ..hebraeum is related to hydration, and involves the transport of H(+) ions into the sub-cuticular space by cells in the hypodermis. Feeding-induced plasticization was not observed in the rapid feeding tick, O. moubata...
  28. Hatta T, Matsubayashi M, Miyoshi T, Islam K, Alim M, Anisuzzaman -, et al. Quantitative PCR-based parasite burden estimation of Babesia gibsoni in the vector tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae), fed on an experimentally infected dog. J Vet Med Sci. 2013;75:1-6 pubmed
    ..This detection system is sensitive and is recommended as a tool for elucidating the biological interactions between the vector tick H. longicornis and the parasite, B. gibsoni...
  29. Bissinger B, Schmidt J, Owens J, Mitchell S, Kennedy M. Activity of the plant-based repellent, TT-4302 against the ticks Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes scapularis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae). Exp Appl Acarol. 2014;62:105-13 pubmed publisher
    ..5 h after application; however, no significant difference was found in the number of ticks collected from deet-and untreated socks 3.5 h after treatment...
  30. Pound J, George J, Kammlah D, Lohmeyer K, Davey R. Evidence for role of white-tailed deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in epizootiology of cattle ticks and southern cattle ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in reinfestations along the Texas/Mexico border in south Texas: a review and update. J Econ Entomol. 2010;103:211-8 pubmed
  31. Jiang J, Stromdahl E, Richards A. Detection of Rickettsia parkeri and Candidatus Rickettsia andeanae in Amblyomma maculatum Gulf Coast ticks collected from humans in the United States. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:175-82 pubmed publisher
    ..andeanae, respectively, by newly developed genus- and species-specific quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays. In addition Rickettsia felis was found in two A. maculatum nucleic acid preparations...
  32. Angerami R, Câmara M, Pacola M, Rezende R, Duarte R, Nascimento E, et al. Features of Brazilian spotted fever in two different endemic areas in Brazil. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2012;3:346-8 pubmed publisher
  33. Chalaire K, Kim T, Garcia Rodriguez H, Mulenga A. Amblyomma americanum (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae) tick salivary gland serine protease inhibitor (serpin) 6 is secreted into tick saliva during tick feeding. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:665-73 pubmed publisher
    ..americanum ticks to attach onto host skin, successfully feed and lay eggs. These findings are discussed in regards to advances in the molecular biology of ticks...
  34. Paddock C, Fournier P, Sumner J, Goddard J, Elshenawy Y, Metcalfe M, et al. Isolation of Rickettsia parkeri and identification of a novel spotted fever group Rickettsia sp. from Gulf Coast ticks (Amblyomma maculatum) in the United States. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:2689-96 pubmed publisher
    ..This study considerably expanded the number of low-passage, A. maculatum-derived isolates of R. parkeri and characterized a second, sympatric Rickettsia sp. found in Gulf Coast ticks...
  35. Martinez Velazquez M, Rosario Cruz R, Castillo Herrera G, Flores Fernandez J, Alvarez A, Lugo Cervantes E. Acaricidal effect of essential oils from Lippia graveolens (Lamiales: Verbenaceae), Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiales: Lamiaceae), and Allium sativum (Liliales: Liliaceae) against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). J Med Entomol. 2011;48:822-7 pubmed
    ..93%), and methyl allyl trisulfide (11.28%). These results suggest that Mexican oregano and garlic essential oils merit further investigation as components of alternative approaches for R. microplus tick control...
  36. Mihalca A, Gherman C, Cozma V. Coendangered hard-ticks: threatened or threatening?. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:71 pubmed publisher
    ..However, ticks were omitted. The latest taxonomic synopses of non-fossil Ixodidae consider valid 700 species...
  37. Clemente M, de Oliveira Monteiro C, Scoralik M, Gomes F, de Azevedo Prata M, Daemon E. Acaricidal activity of the essential oils from Eucalyptus citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus on larvae of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) and Anocentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2010;107:987-92 pubmed publisher
    ..nardus was of 0.0%, 90.8%, 100.0%, and 100.0% at concentrations of 6.25%, 12.5%, 25.0%, and 50.0%, respectively. The results indicate that the essential oils tested showed a promising acaricidal activity mainly on A. nitens larvae...
  38. Labruna M, Soares J, Martins T, Soares H, Cabrera R. Cross-mating experiments with geographically different populations of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae). Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;54:41-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Further populational genetic studies, coupled with extensive morphological analyses, are needed to clarify and determine a possible complex of valid species that might have been classified under the taxon A. cajennense...
  39. Medeiros A, Souza A, Moura A, Lavina M, Bellato V, Sartor A, et al. Spotted fever group Rickettsia infecting ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2011;106:926-30 pubmed
    ..parkeri strain Atlantic rainforest was recently shown to have caused two cases of human spotted fever in other states of Brazil, the role of this rickettsial agent as a possible etiological agent of spotted fever in SC is discussed...
  40. Hornok S, Horvath G, Jongejan F, Farkas R. Ixodid ticks on ruminants, with on-host initiated moulting (apolysis) of Ixodes, Haemaphysalis and Dermacentor larvae. Vet Parasitol. 2012;187:350-3 pubmed publisher
    To screen the host-dependent abundance of hard tick (Acari: Ixodidae) developmental stages on ruminants in South Hungary, red and roe deer, as well as goats and sheep were examined in a season, when larvae and nymphs are active...
  41. Adakal H, Gavotte L, Stachurski F, Konkobo M, Henri H, Zoungrana S, et al. Clonal origin of emerging populations of Ehrlichia ruminantium in Burkina Faso. Infect Genet Evol. 2010;10:903-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Owing to the chaperone function of GroEL, this might indicate another clonal emergence under way. This work brings further insight in the genomic plasticity of E. ruminantium and its impact on vaccine strategy...
  42. Martins T, Onofrio V, Barros Battesti D, Labruna M. Nymphs of the genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) of Brazil: descriptions, redescriptions, and identification key. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2010;1:75-99 pubmed publisher
    ..A dichotomous identification key is included to support taxonomic identification of the nymphal stage of 27 Amblyomma species established in Brazil...
  43. Chen Z, Yang X, Bu F, Yang X, Liu J. Morphological, biological and molecular characteristics of bisexual and parthenogenetic Haemaphysalis longicornis. Vet Parasitol. 2012;189:344-52 pubmed publisher
    ..01. The results indicated that the relationship between bisexual and parthenogenetic H. longicornis was certainly closer than that between subspecies, but farther than that between the same reproductive populations of conspecies...
  44. Tajeri S, Razmi G. Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma dromedarii (Acari: Ixodidae) imbibe bovine blood in vitro by utilizing an artificial feeding system. Vet Parasitol. 2011;180:332-5 pubmed publisher
    ..For the first time we report successful in vitro feeding of two important ixodid ticks of the genus Hyalomma...
  45. Nava S, Guglielmone A. A meta-analysis of host specificity in Neotropical hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2013;103:216-24 pubmed publisher
    Host specificity of Neotropical hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) was analyzed by using the number of hosts species for each tick species and the index of host specificity S(TD)*, which integrates phylogenetic and ecological information...
  46. Olegário M, Gerardi M, Tsuruta S, Szabo M. Life cycle of the tick Amblyomma parvum Aragão, 1908 (Acari: Ixodidae) and suitability of domestic hosts under laboratory conditions. Vet Parasitol. 2011;179:203-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Horses were also shown to be a good host for all tick stages. It can thus be affirmed that A. parvum is a host generalist tick, and its distribution is probably determined by environmental requirements rather than by hosts...
  47. Ferrari F, Goddard J, Moraru G, Smith W, Varela Stokes A. Isolation of "Candidatus Rickettsia andeanae" (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) in embryonic cells of naturally infected Amblyomma maculatum (Ixodida: Ixodidae). J Med Entomol. 2013;50:1118-25 pubmed
    ..R. andeanae" will promote further investigation into the significance of this tick-associated rickettsia, including its role in spotted fever and interactions with the sympatric species, R. parkeri in A...
  48. Aubry P, Geale D. A review of bovine anaplasmosis. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2011;58:1-30 pubmed publisher
    ..antibodies in serologic tests. Control measures for bovine anaplasmosis vary with geographical location and include maintenance of Anaplasma-free herds, vector control, administration of antibiotics and vaccination...
  49. Tian Z, Liu G, Xie J, Yin H, Luo J, Zhang L, et al. Discrimination between Haemaphysalis longicornis and H. qinghaiensis based on the partial 16S rDNA and the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2). Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;54:165-72 pubmed publisher
  50. Santos Silva M, Beati L, Santos A, De Sousa R, Nuncio M, Melo P, et al. The hard-tick fauna of mainland Portugal (Acari: Ixodidae): an update on geographical distribution and known associations with hosts and pathogens. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;55:85-121 pubmed publisher
  51. Beati L, Patel J, Lucas Williams H, Adakal H, Kanduma E, Tembo Mwase E, et al. Phylogeography and demographic history of Amblyomma variegatum (Fabricius) (Acari: Ixodidae), the tropical bont tick. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:514-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequences of A. variegatum from the Caribbean were embedded in the West African clade, which supports the known West African historical origin for these ticks...
  52. Cortinas R, Spomer S. Lone star tick (Acari: Ixodidae) occurrence in Nebraska: historical and current perspectives. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:244-51 pubmed
    ..population growth, and the increased frequency of milder winters may be facilitating lone star tick occurrence in the region. Further studies will assess lone star tick establishment and disease pathogen prevalence in the state...
  53. Burger T, Shao R, Beati L, Miller H, Barker S. Phylogenetic analysis of ticks (Acari: Ixodida) using mitochondrial genomes and nuclear rRNA genes indicates that the genus Amblyomma is polyphyletic. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;64:45-55 pubmed publisher