snakes

Summary

Summary: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.

Top Publications

  1. Santoro M, Tkach V, Mattiucci S, Kinsella J, Nascetti G. Renifer aniarum (Digenea: Reniferidae), an introduced North American parasite in grass snakes Natrix natrix in Calabria, southern Italy. Dis Aquat Organ. 2011;95:233-40 pubmed publisher
    ..aniarum has confirmed the identity of the Italian specimens. A total of 41 grass snakes were studied for R. aniarum infection...
  2. Terrat Y, Sunagar K, Fry B, Jackson T, Scheib H, Fourmy R, et al. Atractaspis aterrima toxins: the first insight into the molecular evolution of venom in side-stabbers. Toxins (Basel). 2013;5:1948-64 pubmed publisher
    ..tremendous potential as a bioresource for design and development of therapeutic compounds, some specific groups of snakes, such as the genus Atractaspis, have been completely neglected...
  3. Crockford C, Wittig R, Mundry R, Zuberbuhler K. Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger. Curr Biol. 2012;22:142-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that chimpanzees monitor the information available to other chimpanzees and control vocal production to selectively inform them...
  4. Fry B, Scheib H, de L M Junqueira de Azevedo I, Silva D, Casewell N. Novel transcripts in the maxillary venom glands of advanced snakes. Toxicon. 2012;59:696-708 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we applied venom gland transcriptomics to a wide taxonomical diversity of advanced snakes and recovered transcripts encoding three novel protein scaffold types lacking sequence homology to any previously ..
  5. Mulcahy D, Noonan B, Moss T, Townsend T, Reeder T, Sites J, et al. Estimating divergence dates and evaluating dating methods using phylogenomic and mitochondrial data in squamate reptiles. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;65:974-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we generate and assemble an extensive phylogenomic data set for squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) and evaluate two widely used dating methods, penalized likelihood in r8s (r8s-PL) and Bayesian estimation with ..
  6. Marschang R, Papp T, Frost J. Comparison of paramyxovirus isolates from snakes, lizards and a tortoise. Virus Res. 2009;144:272-9 pubmed publisher
    Previously uncharacterized paramyxovirus (PMV) isolates from four snakes, three lizards and a tortoise were compared based on partial sequences of the L, HN, and U genes...
  7. Ohman A. Of snakes and faces: an evolutionary perspective on the psychology of fear. Scand J Psychol. 2009;50:543-52 pubmed publisher
    b>Snakes and faces are unique stimuli because they are deeply grounded in evolutionarily shaped behavior systems...
  8. Bingham A, Graham S, Burkett Cadena N, White G, Hassan H, Unnasch T. Detection of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus RNA in North American snakes. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;87:1140-4 pubmed publisher
    ..eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV) is unresolved, but mounting evidence supports a potential role for snakes in the EEEV transmission cycle, especially as over-wintering hosts...
  9. Pyron R, Burbrink F. Extinction, ecological opportunity, and the origins of global snake diversity. Evolution. 2012;66:163-78 pubmed publisher
    ..appears to prevent both rate- and diversity-limited models from fully characterizing richness dynamics in snakes. We suggest that clade-level extinction may provide a key mechanism for explaining negative or hump-shaped ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Sunagar K, Johnson W, O Brien S, Vasconcelos V, Antunes A. Evolution of CRISPs associated with toxicoferan-reptilian venom and mammalian reproduction. Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:1807-22 pubmed publisher
    ..show that the evolution of CRISP gene in these reptiles is significantly influenced by positive selection and in snakes (? = 3.84) more than in lizards (? = 2...
  2. Fita D, Costa Neto E, Schiavetti A. 'Offensive' snakes: cultural beliefs and practices related to snakebites in a Brazilian rural settlement. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2010;6:13 pubmed publisher
    ..practices of folk medicine that prevent and treat snake bites, as well as the implications for the conservation of snakes in the county of Pedra Branca, Bahia State, Brazil...
  3. Gao J, Wang J, Qu Y, Ma X, Ji X. Immunoreactivity between venoms and commercial antiserums in four Chinese snakes and venom identification by species-specific antibody. J Immunol Methods. 2013;387:211-8 pubmed publisher
    We studied the immunoreactivity between venoms and commercial antiserums in four Chinese venomous snakes, Bungarus multicinctus, Naja atra, Deinagkistrodon acutus and Gloydius brevicaudus...
  4. Penkunas M, Coss R. Rapid detection of visually provocative animals by preschool children and adults. J Exp Child Psychol. 2013;114:522-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Reaction times to detect different target snakes embedded in matrices of lizards were compared with reaction times to detect target lizards embedded in matrices of ..
  5. Ujvari B, Madsen T. Short telomeres in hatchling snakes: erythrocyte telomere dynamics and longevity in tropical pythons. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e7493 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study we explore whether age- and sex-specific telomere dynamics affect life span in a long-lived snake, the water python (Liasis fuscus)...
  6. Barber C, Isbister G, Hodgson W. Alpha neurotoxins. Toxicon. 2013;66:47-58 pubmed publisher
  7. Pyron R, Kandambi H, Hendry C, Pushpamal V, Burbrink F, Somaweera R. Genus-level phylogeny of snakes reveals the origins of species richness in Sri Lanka. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;66:969-78 pubmed publisher
  8. Fry B, Vidal N, van der Weerd L, Kochva E, Renjifo C. Evolution and diversification of the Toxicofera reptile venom system. J Proteomics. 2009;72:127-36 pubmed publisher
  9. Hagman M, Phillips B, Shine R. Fatal attraction: adaptations to prey on native frogs imperil snakes after invasion of toxic toads. Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:2813-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results illustrate the dissonance in behavioural adaptations that can arise following the arrival of invasive species, and reveal the strong selection that occurs when mutually naive species first interact...
  10. Abyerami S, Sivashanthini K. Diversity of snakes from the Jaffna Peninsula, Sri Lanka. Pak J Biol Sci. 2008;11:1969-78 pubmed
    A herpetological survey was carried out to study the diversity of snakes from 2002 to 2004. The study revealed eighteen species of terrestrial snakes belonging to five families...
  11. Woltering J, Vonk F, M ller H, Bardine N, Tuduce I, de Bakker M, et al. Axial patterning in snakes and caecilians: evidence for an alternative interpretation of the Hox code. Dev Biol. 2009;332:82-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that the evolution of a deregionalized, snake-like body involved not only alterations in Hox gene cis-regulation but also a different downstream interpretation of the Hox code...
  12. Durbán J, Juárez P, Angulo Y, Lomonte B, Flores Díaz M, Alape Girón A, et al. Profiling the venom gland transcriptomes of Costa Rican snakes by 454 pyrosequencing. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:259 pubmed publisher
    ..In the absence of genome sequence, transcriptomes represent also valuable searchable databases for proteomic projects...
  13. Wang F, Zhou L, Gong S, Deng Y, Zou J, Wu J, et al. Severe infection of wild-caught snakes with Spirometra erinaceieuropaei from food markets in Guangzhou, China involves a risk for zoonotic sparganosis. J Parasitol. 2011;97:170-1 pubmed publisher
    Wild-caught snakes are a popular and traditional food in China. However, little known to the public, snakes are also intermediate hosts of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei, a food- and water-borne pathogen of sparganosis...
  14. Woo H, Oh H, Cho S, Na B, Sohn W. Discovery of larval Gnathostoma nipponicum in frogs and snakes from Jeju-do (Province), Republic of Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2011;49:445-8 pubmed publisher
    ..August 2009 and 2010, a total of 82 tadpoles, 23 black-spotted pond frogs (Rana nigromaculata), 7 tiger keelback snakes (Rhabdophis tigrinus tigrinus), 6 red-tongue viper snakes (Agkistrodon ussuriensis), and 2 cat snakes (Elaphe ..
  15. Feldman C, Brodie E, Pfrender M. Constraint shapes convergence in tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels of snakes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:4556-61 pubmed publisher
  16. Fry B, Casewell N, Wüster W, Vidal N, YOUNG B, Jackson T. The structural and functional diversification of the Toxicofera reptile venom system. Toxicon. 2012;60:434-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The resolution of higher-order molecular phylogenetics has clearly established that a venom system is ancestral to snakes. The diversification of the venom system within lizards is discussed, as is the role of venom delivery in the ..
  17. Lobue V, DeLoache J. Superior detection of threat-relevant stimuli in infancy. Dev Sci. 2010;13:221-8 pubmed publisher
    ..has established that adults have an attentional bias for the detection of threat-relevant stimuli, including snakes and spiders as well as angry human faces...
  18. Hawlitschek O, Nagy Z, Glaw F. Island evolution and systematic revision of Comoran snakes: why and when subspecies still make sense. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e42970 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the molecular phylogeny and morphology of endemic Comoran tree snakes of the genus Lycodryas...
  19. Aubret F, Shine R. Thermal plasticity in young snakes: how will climate change affect the thermoregulatory tactics of ectotherms?. J Exp Biol. 2010;213:242-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to behaviourally regulate their body temperatures? To explore this question, we raised 43 captive-born tiger snakes Notechis scutatus in enclosures that provided cold (19-22 degrees C), intermediate (19-26 degrees C) or hot (19-37 ..
  20. Tourmente M, Gomendio M, Roldan E, Giojalas L, Chiaraviglio M. Sperm competition and reproductive mode influence sperm dimensions and structure among snakes. Evolution. 2009;63:2513-24 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a comparative study of 25 species of snakes with different levels of sperm competition to test whether it influences the size and structure of different sperm ..
  21. Pyron R, Burbrink F, Wiens J. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:93 pubmed publisher
    The extant squamates (>9400 known species of lizards and snakes) are one of the most diverse and conspicuous radiations of terrestrial vertebrates, but no studies have attempted to reconstruct a phylogeny for the group with large-scale ..
  22. Rinaldi L, Mihalca A, Cirillo R, Maurelli M, Montesano M, Capasso M, et al. FLOTAC can detect parasitic and pseudoparasitic elements in reptiles. Exp Parasitol. 2012;130:282-4 pubmed publisher
    Reptiles have increased in popularity worldwide; snakes and lizards are frequently used as pets. As a consequence of their popularity, the interest of the scientific community in these animals has increased...
  23. Vicoso B, Emerson J, Zektser Y, Mahajan S, Bachtrog D. Comparative sex chromosome genomics in snakes: differentiation, evolutionary strata, and lack of global dosage compensation. PLoS Biol. 2013;11:e1001643 pubmed publisher
    b>Snakes exhibit genetic sex determination, with female heterogametic sex chromosomes (ZZ males, ZW females)...
  24. Vidal N, Hedges S. The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians. C R Biol. 2009;332:129-39 pubmed publisher
    Squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians) number approximately 8200 living species and are a major component of the world's terrestrial vertebrate diversity...
  25. Ariaratnam C, Sheriff M, Arambepola C, Theakston R, Warrell D. Syndromic approach to treatment of snake bite in Sri Lanka based on results of a prospective national hospital-based survey of patients envenomed by identified snakes. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;81:725-31 pubmed publisher
    Of 860 snakes brought to 10 hospitals in Sri Lanka with the patients they had bitten, 762 (89%) were venomous. Russell's vipers (Daboia russelii) and hump-nosed pit vipers (Hypnale hypnale) were the most numerous and H...
  26. Richter B, Nedorost N, Maderner A, Weissenbock H. Detection of Cryptosporidium species in feces or gastric contents from snakes and lizards as determined by polymerase chain reaction analysis and partial sequencing of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:430-5 pubmed publisher
    Cryptosporidiosis is a well-known gastrointestinal disease of snakes and lizards...
  27. Glazier D. Ontogenetic body-mass scaling of resting metabolic rate covaries with species-specific metabolic level and body size in spiders and snakes. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2009;153:403-7 pubmed publisher
    ..tested using data for intraspecific (ontogenetic) body-mass scaling of resting metabolic rate in spiders and boid snakes. As predicted, in both animal groups b varies mostly between 2/3 and 1, and is significantly negatively related to ..
  28. Brown G, Phillips B, Shine R. The ecological impact of invasive cane toads on tropical snakes: field data do not support laboratory-based predictions. Ecology. 2011;92:422-31 pubmed
    ..A previous study on the impact of invasive cane toads (Bufo marinus) on Australian snakes attempted to predict vulnerability a priori based on the assumptions that any snake species that eats frogs, and ..
  29. O Meally D, Patel H, Stiglec R, Sarre S, Georges A, Marshall Graves J, et al. Non-homologous sex chromosomes of birds and snakes share repetitive sequences. Chromosome Res. 2010;18:787-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Like birds, snakes have a ZZ male/ZW female sex chromosome system, in which the snake Z is a macrochromosome much the same size as ..
  30. Srikulnath K, Nishida C, Matsubara K, Uno Y, Thongpan A, Suputtitada S, et al. Karyotypic evolution in squamate reptiles: comparative gene mapping revealed highly conserved linkage homology between the butterfly lizard (Leiolepis reevesii rubritaeniata, Agamidae, Lacertilia) and the Japanese four-striped rat snake (Elaphe quadr. Chromosome Res. 2009;17:975-86 pubmed publisher
    ..The homology with L. reevesii rubritaeniata microchromosomes were also identified in the distal regions of EQU1p and 1q, indicating the occurrence of telomere-to-telomere fusions of microchromosomes to the p and q arms of EQU1...
  31. Shibasaki M, Kawai N. Rapid detection of snakes by Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata): an evolutionarily predisposed visual system. J Comp Psychol. 2009;123:131-5 pubmed publisher
    Humans appear extremely sensitive to biologically threatening stimuli, such as snakes. In visual search tasks, humans respond to pictures of snakes faster than pictures of flowers...
  32. Jones M, Anderson C, Hipsley C, Muller J, Evans S, Schoch R. Integration of molecules and new fossils supports a Triassic origin for Lepidosauria (lizards, snakes, and tuatara). BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:208 pubmed publisher
    Lepidosauria (lizards, snakes, tuatara) is a globally distributed and ecologically important group of over 9,000 reptile species...
  33. Wiens J, Kuczynski C, Townsend T, Reeder T, Mulcahy D, Sites J. Combining phylogenomics and fossils in higher-level squamate reptile phylogeny: molecular data change the placement of fossil taxa. Syst Biol. 2010;59:674-88 pubmed publisher
    ..We offer such an example here. We analyze the placement of snakes among squamate reptiles, combining published morphological data (363 characters) and new DNA sequence data (15,794 ..
  34. Longrich N, Bhullar B, Gauthier J. Mass extinction of lizards and snakes at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:21396-401 pubmed publisher
    ..by a major mass extinction, yet this event is thought to have had little effect on the diversity of lizards and snakes (Squamata)...
  35. Castoe T, De Koning A, Kim H, Gu W, Noonan B, Naylor G, et al. Evidence for an ancient adaptive episode of convergent molecular evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:8986-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The relevant sites generally evolved slowly but converged between ancient lineages of snakes and agamids...
  36. Kishida T, Hikida T. Degeneration patterns of the olfactory receptor genes in sea snakes. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:302-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that viviparous sea snakes, which do not rely on a terrestrial environment, have significantly lost ORs compared with their terrestrial ..
  37. Geng J, Liang D, Jiang K, Zhang P. Molecular evolution of the infrared sensory gene TRPA1 in snakes and implications for functional studies. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28644 pubmed publisher
    TRPA1 is a calcium ion channel protein recently identified as the infrared receptor in pit organ-containing snakes. Therefore, understanding the molecular evolution of TRPA1 may help to illuminate the origin of "heat vision" in snakes and ..
  38. Rauhut O, Heyng A, López Arbarello A, Hecker A. A new rhynchocephalian from the late jurassic of Germany with a dentition that is unique amongst tetrapods. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e46839 pubmed publisher
    Rhynchocephalians, the sister group of squamates (lizards and snakes), are only represented by the single genus Sphenodon today. This taxon is often considered to represent a very conservative lineage...
  39. Longrich N, Bhullar B, Gauthier J. A transitional snake from the Late Cretaceous period of North America. Nature. 2012;488:205-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Snakes are the most diverse group of lizards, but their origins and early evolution remain poorly understood owing to a lack of transitional forms...
  40. Handrigan G, Richman J. Autocrine and paracrine Shh signaling are necessary for tooth morphogenesis, but not tooth replacement in snakes and lizards (Squamata). Dev Biol. 2010;337:171-86 pubmed publisher
    Here we study the role of Shh signaling in tooth morphogenesis and successional tooth initiation in snakes and lizards (Squamata)...
  41. Gartner G, Hicks J, Manzani P, Andrade D, Abe A, Wang T, et al. Phylogeny, ecology, and heart position in snakes. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2010;83:43-54 pubmed publisher
    ..A previous nonphylogenetic analysis of heart position in snakes-which often assume vertical postures-found the heart located 15%-25% of total body length from the head in ..
  42. Landolfi J, Terio K, Kinsel M, Langan J, Zachariah T, Childress A, et al. Orthoreovirus infection and concurrent cryptosporidiosis in rough green snakes (Opheodrys aestivus): pathology and identification of a novel orthoreovirus strain via polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010;22:37-43 pubmed
    ..Though sporadic infection has been reported in a variety of reptilian species, infection of rough green snakes (Opheodrys aestivus) has not been previously described...
  43. Vidal N, Marin J, Morini M, Donnellan S, Branch W, Thomas R, et al. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biol Lett. 2010;6:558-61 pubmed publisher
    Worm-like snakes (scolecophidians) are small, burrowing species with reduced vision. Although largely neglected in vertebrate research, knowledge of their biogeographical history is crucial for evaluating hypotheses of snake origins...
  44. Gambón Deza F, Sánchez Espinel C, Mirete Bachiller S, Magadán Mompó S. Snakes antibodies. Dev Comp Immunol. 2012;38:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Snakes are squamata reptiles too but they have undergone an extreme evolutionary process...
  45. Wiens J, Hutter C, Mulcahy D, Noonan B, Townsend T, Sites J, et al. Resolving the phylogeny of lizards and snakes (Squamata) with extensive sampling of genes and species. Biol Lett. 2012;8:1043-6 pubmed publisher
    Squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) are one of the most diverse groups of terrestrial vertebrates...
  46. Bodewes R, Kik M, Raj V, Schapendonk C, Haagmans B, Smits S, et al. Detection of novel divergent arenaviruses in boid snakes with inclusion body disease in The Netherlands. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:1206-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Now highly divergent arenaviruses have been identified in boid snakes with inclusion body disease (IBD)...
  47. Lau Y, Chang P, Tan C, Fong M, Mahmud R, Wong K. Sarcocystis nesbitti infection in human skeletal muscle: possible transmission from snakes. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014;90:361-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe these two patients were likely to have symptomatic acute muscular sarcocystosis after S. nesbitti infection that may have originated from snakes.
  48. Matsubara K, Kuraku S, Tarui H, Nishimura O, Nishida C, Agata K, et al. Intra-genomic GC heterogeneity in sauropsids: evolutionary insights from cDNA mapping and GC(3) profiling in snake. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:604 pubmed publisher
    ..and Archosauria (crocodilians and birds) and the lineage of Lepidosauria (tuatara, lizards, worm lizards and snakes). Karyotypes of these sauropsidan groups generally consist of macrochromosomes and microchromosomes...
  49. Catania K, Leitch D, Gauthier D. Function of the appendages in tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatus). J Exp Biol. 2010;213:359-67 pubmed publisher
    We investigated the function of the tentacles in aquatic, piscivorous tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatus) by examining anatomy, peripheral innervation, and the response properties of primary afferents...
  50. Babonis L, Miller S, Evans D. Renal responses to salinity change in snakes with and without salt glands. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:2140-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, we found very few differences across species, suggesting that the snake kidney may play a trivial role in limiting habitat use...
  51. Noonan B, Sites J. Tracing the origins of iguanid lizards and boine snakes of the pacific. Am Nat. 2010;175:61-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Iguanid lizards and boine snakes are ancient Gondwanan lineages whose distribution has been demonstrated to have been influenced by continental ..
  52. Pyron R, Burbrink F, Colli G, de Oca A, Vitt L, Kuczynski C, et al. The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;58:329-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study provides the most comprehensive phylogeny of Colubroidea to date, and suggests that SHL values may provide a useful complement to bootstrapping for estimating support on likelihood-based trees...
  53. Boback S, Dichter E, Mistry H. A developmental staging series for the African house snake, Boaedon (Lamprophis) fuliginosus. Zoology (Jena). 2012;115:38-46 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, B. fuliginosus should be a good model for evolutionary developmental biologists focusing on the craniofacial skeleton, loss of limbs, generational teeth, and venom delivery systems...