reptiles

Summary

Summary: Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.

Top Publications

  1. Nagy Z, Sonet G, Glaw F, Vences M. First large-scale DNA barcoding assessment of reptiles in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar, based on newly designed COI primers. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34506 pubmed publisher
    DNA barcoding of non-avian reptiles based on the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene is still in a very early stage, mainly due to technical problems...
  2. Du W, Ye H, Zhao B, Warner D, Shine R. Thermal acclimation of heart rates in reptilian embryos. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e15308 pubmed publisher
    In many reptiles, the thermal regimes experienced by eggs in natural nests vary as a function of ambient weather and location, and this variation has important impacts on patterns of embryonic development...
  3. Bernard A, Lécuyer C, Vincent P, Amiot R, Bardet N, Buffetaut E, et al. Regulation of body temperature by some Mesozoic marine reptiles. Science. 2010;328:1379-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The thermophysiologic status of the great marine reptiles is still unknown, even though some studies have suggested that thermoregulation may have contributed to their ..
  4. Wang X, Kellner A, Jiang S, Cheng X. New toothed flying reptile from Asia: close similarities between early Cretaceous pterosaur faunas from China and Brazil. Naturwissenschaften. 2012;99:249-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The association of the new specimen with coprolites and the cranial morphology suggest that G. venator preyed on fish...
  5. Fischer V, Maisch M, Naish D, Kosma R, Liston J, Joger U, et al. New ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous demonstrate extensive ichthyosaur survival across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29234 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the record of ichthyosaurs from the Berriasian-Barremian interval is extremely limited, and the effects of the end-Jurassic extinction event on ichthyosaurs remains poorly understood...
  6. Rhen T, Schroeder A. Molecular mechanisms of sex determination in reptiles. Sex Dev. 2010;4:16-28 pubmed publisher
    ..we review the molecular, cellular, morphological, and physiological changes associated with sex determination in reptiles. Most research on the molecular biology of sex determination in reptiles describes expression patterns for ..
  7. Merchant Larios H, Díaz Hernández V. Environmental sex determination mechanisms in reptiles. Sex Dev. 2013;7:95-103 pubmed publisher
    Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) was first discovered in reptiles. Since then, a great diversity of sex-determining responses to temperature has been reported...
  8. Casewell N, Huttley G, Wüster W. Dynamic evolution of venom proteins in squamate reptiles. Nat Commun. 2012;3:1066 pubmed publisher
    ..the origin and evolution of reptile venoms, leading to the current hypothesis that venom evolved once in squamate reptiles. However, because of a lack of homologous squamate non-toxin sequences, these conclusions rely on the implicit ..
  9. Lindgren J, Alwmark C, Caldwell M, Fiorillo A. Skin of the Cretaceous mosasaur Plotosaurus: implications for aquatic adaptations in giant marine reptiles. Biol Lett. 2009;5:528-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Little is known about the dermal cover of mosasauroids (a group of secondarily aquatic reptiles that occupied a wide array of predatory niches in the Cretaceous marine ecosystems 92-65 Myr ago), a lack of ..

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Lü J, Unwin D, Deeming D, Jin X, Liu Y, Ji Q. An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs. Science. 2011;331:321-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The ratio of egg mass to adult mass is relatively low, as in extant reptiles, and is comparable to values for squamates...
  2. Arif I, Khan H, al Sadoon M, Shobrak M. Limited efficiency of universal mini-barcode primers for DNA amplification from desert reptiles, birds and mammals. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:3559-64 pubmed publisher
    ..for amplification of 130-bp COI segments from 23 specimens collected from a desert environment, including 11 reptiles, five mammals and seven birds...
  3. Juuri E, Jussila M, Seidel K, Holmes S, Wu P, Richman J, et al. Sox2 marks epithelial competence to generate teeth in mammals and reptiles. Development. 2013;140:1424-32 pubmed publisher
    ..dental lamina that gives rise to successional teeth in mammals with one round of tooth replacement as well as in reptiles with continuous tooth replacement...
  4. Claessens L, O Connor P, Unwin D. Respiratory evolution facilitated the origin of pterosaur flight and aerial gigantism. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4497 pubmed publisher
    Pterosaurs, enigmatic extinct Mesozoic reptiles, were the first vertebrates to achieve true flapping flight. Various lines of evidence provide strong support for highly efficient wing design, control, and flight capabilities...
  5. Benson R, Evans M, Druckenmiller P. High diversity, low disparity and small body size in plesiosaurs (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) from the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31838 pubmed publisher
    ..Plesiosaurian reptiles invaded pelagic ocean environments immediately following the Late Triassic extinctions...
  6. Aiken A, Lane C, Adak G. Risk of Salmonella infection with exposure to reptiles in England, 2004-2007. Euro Surveill. 2010;15:19581 pubmed
    ..In a large case-case study in England between 2004 and 2007, the association between exposure to reptiles and Salmonella illness was investigated using multivariable logistic regression...
  7. Fujiwara S, Taru H, Suzuki D. Shape of articular surface of crocodilian (Archosauria) elbow joints and its relevance to sauropsids. J Morphol. 2010;271:883-96 pubmed publisher
    ..This, in turn, helps to determine the maximum angle of extension of the elbow joint in archosaurs...
  8. Richman J, Handrigan G. Reptilian tooth development. Genesis. 2011;49:247-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of the successional lamina during tooth replacement in squamate reptiles is reviewed and we speculate on the possible formation of a vestigial, post-permanent dentition in mammals...
  9. Nowak M. [The characteristics of tick species (Acari: Ixodida) transferred on exotic reptiles to Poland]. Wiad Parazytol. 2010;56:29-42 pubmed
    Some natural and unusual transfers of exotic ticks on hosts have been noticed in Poland. Reptiles together with migratory birds and migrating mammals, are the groups of vertebrates that transfer unknown tick species to the territory of ..
  10. Marschang R. Viruses infecting reptiles. Viruses. 2011;3:2087-126 pubmed publisher
    A large number of viruses have been described in many different reptiles. These viruses include arboviruses that primarily infect mammals or birds as well as viruses that are specific for reptiles...
  11. Eo S, DeWoody J. Evolutionary rates of mitochondrial genomes correspond to diversification rates and to contemporary species richness in birds and reptiles. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:3587-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Nuclear sequences are poorly represented among reptiles, but the correlation between rates of molecular evolution and species diversification also extends to 18 avian ..
  12. Stacy N, Alleman A, Sayler K. Diagnostic hematology of reptiles. Clin Lab Med. 2011;31:87-108 pubmed publisher
    The hematologic evaluation of reptiles is an indispensable diagnostic tool in exotic veterinary practice...
  13. Rial R, Akaârir M, Gamundi A, Nicolau C, Garau C, Aparicio S, et al. Evolution of wakefulness, sleep and hibernation: from reptiles to mammals. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2010;34:1144-60 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose: (1) the active state of reptiles is a form of subcortical waking, without homology with the cortical waking of mammals; (2) reptilian waking gave ..
  14. Nóbrega Alves R, Pereira Filho G, Silva Vieira K, Silva Souto W, Mendonça L, Montenegro P, et al. A zoological catalogue of hunted reptiles in the semiarid region of Brazil. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2012;8:27 pubmed publisher
    ..In the semi-arid region of Brazil, many reptiles interact with human communities because of their utility or because of the risks they represent...
  15. Wellehan J, Pessier A, Archer L, Childress A, Jacobson E, Tesh R. Initial sequence characterization of the rhabdoviruses of squamate reptiles, including a novel rhabdovirus from a caiman lizard (Dracaena guianensis). Vet Microbiol. 2012;158:274-9 pubmed publisher
    Rhabdoviruses infect a variety of hosts, including non-avian reptiles. Consensus PCR techniques were used to obtain partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene sequence from five rhabdoviruses of South American lizards; Marco, Chaco, Timbo, ..
  16. JANES D, Organ C, Fujita M, Shedlock A, Edwards S. Genome evolution in Reptilia, the sister group of mammals. Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet. 2010;11:239-64 pubmed publisher
    The genomes of birds and nonavian reptiles (Reptilia) are critical for understanding genome evolution in mammals and amniotes generally...
  17. Abdala V, Diogo R. Comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the pectoral and forelimb musculature of tetrapods with special attention to extant limbed amphibians and reptiles. J Anat. 2010;217:536-73 pubmed publisher
    ..of the pectoral and forelimb muscles of representative members of the major extant taxa of limbed amphibians and reptiles and from our review of the literature, in order to provide an account of the comparative anatomy, homologies and ..
  18. Franz R, Hummel J, Müller D, Bauert M, Hatt J, Clauss M. Herbivorous reptiles and body mass: effects on food intake, digesta retention, digestibility and gut capacity, and a comparison with mammals. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2011;158:94-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we test these concepts in herbivorous reptiles, adding data of an experiment that measured food intake, digesta retention, digestibility and gut capacity in 23 ..
  19. Brykczynska U, Tzika A, Rodriguez I, Milinkovitch M. Contrasted evolution of the vomeronasal receptor repertoires in mammals and squamate reptiles. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5:389-401 pubmed publisher
    ..bigenic pattern of V2R vomeronasal receptor gene transcription observed in mammals is conserved in squamate reptiles, hinting at an important but unknown functional role played by this expression strategy...
  20. Taylor E, Leite C, McKenzie D, Wang T. Control of respiration in fish, amphibians and reptiles. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2010;43:409-24 pubmed
    ..suction/force pump to ventilate gills or lungs, with the respiratory muscles innervated by cranial nerves, while reptiles have a thoracic, aspiratory pump innervated by spinal nerves...
  21. Mason R, Parker M. Social behavior and pheromonal communication in reptiles. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2010;196:729-49 pubmed publisher
    The role of pheromones in orchestrating social behaviors in reptiles is reviewed. Although all reptile orders are examined, the vast majority of the literature has dealt only with squamates, primarily snakes and lizards...
  22. Nesbitt S, Sidor C, Irmis R, Angielczyk K, Smith R, Tsuji L. Ecologically distinct dinosaurian sister group shows early diversification of Ornithodira. Nature. 2010;464:95-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The unparalleled taxonomic diversity of the Manda archosaur assemblage indicates that archosaur diversification was well underway by the Middle Triassic or earlier...
  23. Ceríaco L. Human attitudes towards herpetofauna: the influence of folklore and negative values on the conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Portugal. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2012;8:8 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Reptiles and amphibians are among the least appreciated of vertebrates and are victims of many negative values and wrong ..
  24. Pokorná M, Giovannotti M, Kratochvíl L, Caputo V, Olmo E, Ferguson Smith M, et al. Conservation of chromosomes syntenic with avian autosomes in squamate reptiles revealed by comparative chromosome painting. Chromosoma. 2012;121:409-18 pubmed publisher
  25. Kieser J, Tkatchenko T, Dean M, Jones M, Duncan W, Nelson N. Microstructure of dental hard tissues and bone in the Tuatara dentary, Sphenodon punctatus (Diapsida: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). Front Oral Biol. 2009;13:80-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These were spaced appropriately for monthly lunar growth bands, which would explain the basis of the banding pattern observed in the fast growing basal bone beneath the Meckel's canal...
  26. Ariel E. Viruses in reptiles. Vet Res. 2011;42:100 pubmed publisher
    ..Thirty to forty years ago, studies of viruses in reptiles focused mainly on the zoonotic potential of arboviruses in reptiles and much effort went into surveys and ..
  27. O Keefe F, Chiappe L. Viviparity and K-selected life history in a Mesozoic marine plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia). Science. 2011;333:870-3 pubmed publisher
    Viviparity is known in several clades of Mesozoic aquatic reptiles, but evidence for it is lacking in the Plesiosauria. Here, we report a Late Cretaceous plesiosaur fossil consisting of a fetus preserved within an adult of the same taxon...
  28. Weir S, Suski J, Salice C. Ecological risk of anthropogenic pollutants to reptiles: Evaluating assumptions of sensitivity and exposure. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:3596-606 pubmed publisher
    A large data gap for reptile ecotoxicology still persists; therefore, ecological risk assessments of reptiles usually incorporate the use of surrogate species...
  29. Pincheira Donoso D, Bauer A, Meiri S, Uetz P. Global taxonomic diversity of living reptiles. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59741 pubmed publisher
    b>Reptiles are one of the most ecologically and evolutionarily remarkable groups of living organisms, having successfully colonized most of the planet, including the oceans and some of the harshest and more environmentally unstable ..
  30. Gorski L, Jay Russell M, Liang A, Walker S, Bengson Y, Govoni J, et al. Diversity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pulsotypes, serovars, and antibiotic resistance among Salmonella isolates from wild amphibians and reptiles in the California Central Coast. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013;10:540-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Samples from 460 amphibians and reptiles and 119 water samples were collected and cultured for Salmonella...
  31. Papini R, Manetti C, Mancianti F. Coprological survey in pet reptiles in Italy. Vet Rec. 2011;169:207 pubmed publisher
    Faecal samples were collected from 324 pet reptiles showing no clinical signs, including 28 saurian species (n=192), three ophidian species (n=74) and three chelonian species (n=58)...
  32. Dyke G, McGowan A, Nudds R, Smith D. The shape of pterosaur evolution: evidence from the fossil record. J Evol Biol. 2009;22:890-8 pubmed publisher
    Although pterosaurs are a well-known lineage of Mesozoic flying reptiles, their fossil record and evolutionary dynamics have never been adequately quantified...
  33. Whittington R, Becker J, Dennis M. Iridovirus infections in finfish - critical review with emphasis on ranaviruses. J Fish Dis. 2010;33:95-122 pubmed publisher
    ..in finfish and amphibians is uncertain, but three possibilities are discussed: trade in food fish, trade in ornamental fish, reptiles and amphibians and emergence from unknown reservoir hosts associated with environmental change.
  34. Ji Q, Wu X, Cheng Y. Cretaceous choristoderan reptiles gave birth to live young. Naturwissenschaften. 2010;97:423-8 pubmed publisher
    Viviparity (giving birth to live young) in fossil reptiles has been known only in a few marine groups: ichthyosaurs, pachypleurosaurs, and mosasaurs...
  35. Hagey L, Vidal N, Hofmann A, Krasowski M. Evolutionary diversity of bile salts in reptiles and mammals, including analysis of ancient human and extinct giant ground sloth coprolites. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:133 pubmed publisher
    ..We greatly extend prior surveys of bile salt diversity in both reptiles and mammals, including analysis of 8,000 year old human coprolites and coprolites from the extinct Shasta ground ..
  36. Scheelings T, Lightfoot D, Holz P. Prevalence of Salmonella in Australian reptiles. J Wildl Dis. 2011;47:1-11 pubmed
    From January 2007 until June 2008, 504 reptiles of four families and 57 species were examined for Salmonella by using cloacal or intestinal swabs. Salmonella was identified in 139 (28%) of the 504 animals tested...
  37. Schauer R, Srinivasan G, Coddeville B, Zanetta J, Guerardel Y. Low incidence of N-glycolylneuraminic acid in birds and reptiles and its absence in the platypus. Carbohydr Res. 2009;344:1494-500 pubmed publisher
    The sialic acids of the platypus, birds, and reptiles were investigated with regard to the occurrence of N-glycolylneuraminic (Neu5Gc) acid...
  38. Dominguez L, Morona R, Joven A, González A, Lopez J. Immunohistochemical localization of orexins (hypocretins) in the brain of reptiles and its relation to monoaminergic systems. J Chem Neuroanat. 2010;39:20-34 pubmed publisher
    ..have conducted a comparative analysis of the distribution of orexin-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers in two reptiles, the lizard Gekko gecko and the turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans...
  39. Butler R, Brusatte S, Andres B, Benson R. How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of pterosaur (Reptilia: Archosauria) disparity. Evolution. 2012;66:147-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we use pterosaurs (Mesozoic flying reptiles) as an exemplar group to address this problem...
  40. Wapstra E, Warner D. Sex allocation and sex determination in squamate reptiles. Sex Dev. 2010;4:110-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Reptiles possess a wide variety of sex determining mechanisms, more so than any other vertebrate group. They offer outstanding opportunities to understand the evolutionary transitions between modes of sex determination...
  41. Bugla Płoskońska G, Korzeniowska Kowal A, Guz Regner K. Reptiles as a source of Salmonella O48--clinically important bacteria for children: the relationship between resistance to normal cord serum and outer membrane protein patterns. Microb Ecol. 2011;61:41-51 pubmed publisher
  42. Gilbert C, Hernandez S, Flores Benabib J, Smith E, FESCHOTTE C. Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles. Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:503-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we provide evidence that a DNA transposon called SPIN has colonized the genome of 17 species of reptiles representing nearly every major lineage of squamates, including 14 families of lizards, snakes, and ..
  43. Wanger T, Iskandar D, Motzke I, Brook B, Sodhi N, Clough Y, et al. Effects of land-use change on community composition of tropical amphibians and reptiles in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Conserv Biol. 2010;24:795-802 pubmed publisher
    Little is known about the effects of anthropogenic land-use change on the amphibians and reptiles of the biodiverse tropical forests of Southeast Asia...
  44. Graham S, Hassan H, Chapman T, White G, Guyer C, Unnasch T. Serosurveillance of eastern equine encephalitis virus in amphibians and reptiles from Alabama, USA. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86:540-4 pubmed publisher
    ..is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle...
  45. Du W, Ye H, Zhao B, Pizzatto L, Ji X, Shine R. Patterns of interspecific variation in the heart rates of embryonic reptiles. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e29027 pubmed publisher
    ..We applied these methods to a diverse array of oviparous reptiles (24 species of lizards, 18 snakes, 11 turtles, 1 crocodilian), to identify general influences on cardiac rates ..
  46. Dubey S, Shine R. Are reptile and amphibian species younger in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere?. J Evol Biol. 2012;25:220-6 pubmed publisher
    ..suggested that intraspecific diversification had occurred more recently in temperate-zone Northern Hemisphere reptiles and amphibians than in Southern Hemisphere taxa. Here, we test potential explanations for this pattern...
  47. Irie T, Sugimoto T, Ueki N, Senoo H, Seki T. Retinoid storage in the egg of reptiles and birds. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;157:113-8 pubmed publisher
    ..and amphibians) and an ascidian, but the retinoid-storage state in eggs of oviparous amniotic vertebrates (reptiles and birds) has yet to be clarified in detail...
  48. Hrdlicková R, Nehyba J, Lim S, Grützner F, Bose H. Insights into the evolution of mammalian telomerase: platypus TERT shares similarities with genes of birds and other reptiles and localizes on sex chromosomes. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:216 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the cloning of a platypus TERT (OanTERT) ortholog, and provide a comparison with genes of other vertebrates...
  49. Germano J, Bishop P. Suitability of amphibians and reptiles for translocation. Conserv Biol. 2009;23:7-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite increased use over the last few decades, the appropriateness of translocations for amphibians and reptiles has been debated widely over the past 20 years...
  50. Alves R, Léo Neto N, Brooks S, Albuquerque U. Commercialization of animal-derived remedies as complementary medicine in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:600-8 pubmed publisher
    ..While widespread and of great importance to large population that has limited access to contemporary medicine, such practices are poorly understood and the potential value of medicinal animal species largely unknown...
  51. Klaphake E. A fresh look at metabolic bone diseases in reptiles and amphibians. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2010;13:375-92 pubmed publisher
    Metabolic bone diseases (MBDs) are a common presenting complaint in reptiles and amphibians to veterinarians; however, understanding of the causes and diagnostic and treatment options is often extrapolated from human or other mammalian ..
  52. Meylan S, Haussy C, Voituron Y. Physiological actions of corticosterone and its modulation by an immune challenge in reptiles. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2010;169:158-66 pubmed publisher
    ..These first results reinforce the understanding of the physiological actions of corticosterone in reptiles. The data also demonstrated different direct impacts of immune challenge by SRBC on inflammatory response and ..
  53. Pedersen K, Lassen Nielsen A, Nordentoft S, Hammer A. Serovars of Salmonella from captive reptiles. Zoonoses Public Health. 2009;56:238-42 pubmed publisher
    The distribution on serovars of 60 Salmonella isolates from reptiles kept in captivity in Denmark during the period 1995-2006 was investigated...