moles

Summary

Summary: Any of numerous burrowing mammals found in temperate regions and having minute eyes often covered with skin.

Top Publications

  1. Shinohara A, Suzuki H, Tsuchiya K, Zhang Y, Luo J, Jiang X, et al. Evolution and biogeography of talpid moles from continental East Asia and the Japanese islands inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences. Zoolog Sci. 2004;21:1177-85 pubmed
    ..Cytochrome b gene trees supported a basal placement of shrew-like moles (Uropsilus) within the Talpidae, and suggested that fossorial specializations arose twice during talpid evolution...
  2. Tsuchiya K, Suzuki H, Shinohara A, Harada M, Wakana S, Sakaizumi M, et al. Molecular phylogeny of East Asian moles inferred from the sequence variation of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Genes Genet Syst. 2000;75:17-24 pubmed
    Taxonomic analysis has previously revealed that the species of moles that inhabit Japan are characterized by exceptional species richness and a high level of endemism...
  3. Kang H, Bennett S, Sumibcay L, Arai S, Hope A, Mocz G, et al. Evolutionary insights from a genetically divergent hantavirus harbored by the European common mole (Talpa europaea). PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e6149 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, novel hantavirus genomes have been detected in moles of the Family Talpidae, including the Japanese shrew mole (Urotrichus talpoides) and American shrew mole (..
  4. Fukushima H, Gomyoda M, Kaneko S. Mice and moles inhabiting mountainous areas of Shimane Peninsula as sources of infection with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol. 1990;28:2448-55 pubmed
    A total of 1,835 Yersinia spp. were isolated from 925 (60.5%) of 1,530 wild mice and from 139 (79.9%) of 174 moles living in mountainous areas of eastern Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The Yersinia spp...
  5. Shinohara A, Campbell K, Suzuki H. Molecular phylogenetic relationships of moles, shrew moles, and desmans from the new and old worlds. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2003;27:247-58 pubmed
    A Rich variety of anatomical and physiological specializations has enabled members of the family Talpidae (moles, shrew moles, and desmans) to exploit a diverse range of habitats: terrestrial, semi-aquatic, aquatic/fossorial, semi-..
  6. McIntyre I, Campbell K, MacArthur R. Body oxygen stores, aerobic dive limits and diving behaviour of the star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata) and comparisons with non-aquatic talpids. J Exp Biol. 2002;205:45-54 pubmed
    ..On the basis of 722 voluntary dives recorded from 18 captive star-nosed moles, the mean dive duration (9.2+/-0.2 s; mean +/- S.E.M...
  7. Catania K. Early development of a somatosensory fovea: a head start in the cortical space race?. Nat Neurosci. 2001;4:353-4 pubmed
    Star-nosed moles have 11 mechanosensory appendages surrounding each nostril, and primary afferents from a single appendage-the tactile fovea-are greatly over-represented in somatosensory cortex...
  8. Carmona F, Motokawa M, Tokita M, Tsuchiya K, Jimenez R, SAnchez Villagra M. The evolution of female mole ovotestes evidences high plasticity of mammalian gonad development. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2008;310:259-66 pubmed
    Previous studies of the reproductive biology and genetics of European moles (Talpa spp...
  9. Catania K. Epidermal sensory organs of moles, shrew moles, and desmans: a study of the family talpidae with comments on the function and evolution of Eimer's organ. Brain Behav Evol. 2000;56:146-74 pubmed
    The epidermal sensory organs of members of the family Talpidae (moles, shrew-moles, and desmans) were investigated and compared to determine the range of sensory specializations and better understand how they evolved...

More Information

Publications97

  1. Kang H, Bennett S, Dizney L, Sumibcay L, Arai S, Ruedas L, et al. Host switch during evolution of a genetically distinct hantavirus in the American shrew mole (Neurotrichus gibbsii). Virology. 2009;388:8-14 pubmed publisher
  2. Arai S, Ohdachi S, Asakawa M, Kang H, Mocz G, Arikawa J, et al. Molecular phylogeny of a newfound hantavirus in the Japanese shrew mole (Urotrichus talpoides). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:16296-301 pubmed publisher
    ..The discovery of a mole-borne hantavirus enlarges our concepts about the complex evolutionary history of hantaviruses...
  3. Meier P, Bickelmann C, Scheyer T, Koyabu D, SAnchez Villagra M. Evolution of bone compactness in extant and extinct moles (Talpidae): exploring humeral microstructure in small fossorial mammals. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:55 pubmed publisher
    ..different degree of fossoriality, with major specializations in the humerus in the case of the fully fossorial moles. We studied the humeral microanatomy of eleven extant and eight extinct talpid taxa of different lifestyles and of ..
  4. Gilbert C, O Brien P, Bronner G, Yang F, Hassanin A, Ferguson Smith M, et al. Chromosome painting and molecular dating indicate a low rate of chromosomal evolution in golden moles (Mammalia, Chrysochloridae). Chromosome Res. 2006;14:793-803 pubmed
    Golden moles (Chrysochloridae) are poorly known subterranean mammals endemic to Southern Africa that are part of the superordinal clade Afrotheria...
  5. Asher R, Maree S, Bronner G, Bennett N, Bloomer P, Czechowski P, et al. A phylogenetic estimate for golden moles (Mammalia, Afrotheria, Chrysochloridae). BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:69 pubmed publisher
    Golden moles (Chrysochloridae) are small, subterranean, afrotherian mammals from South Africa and neighboring regions. Of the 21 species now recognized, some (e.g...
  6. Mason M. Evolution of the middle ear apparatus in Talpid moles. J Morphol. 2006;267:678-95 pubmed
    ..These characteristics are ancestral for talpid moles. Talpa, Scalopus, Scapanus, and Parascaptor species, on the other hand, have a looser articulation between malleus ..
  7. Catania K, Kaas J. Somatosensory fovea in the star-nosed mole: behavioral use of the star in relation to innervation patterns and cortical representation. J Comp Neurol. 1997;387:215-33 pubmed
    ..A simple model of star-nosed mole behavior predicts the distribution of touches across the rays and also correlates highly with both the actual pattern of behavior and the patterns of cortical magnification observed...
  8. Catania K, Kaas J. Organization of somatosensory cortex and distribution of corticospinal neurons in the eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus). J Comp Neurol. 1997;378:337-53 pubmed
    ..The dense corticospinal projections from the forelimb representation of S1 and motor cortex may reflect sensorimotor specializations related to digging behaviors in moles.
  9. Carmona F, Ou J, Jimenez R, Collinson J. Development of the cornea of true moles (Talpidae): morphogenesis and expression of PAX6 and cytokeratins. J Anat. 2010;217:488-500 pubmed publisher
    ..Corneas of European moles have a dysmorphic phenotype that recapitulates the human disorder keratoconus for which no mouse model exists...
  10. Piras P, Sansalone G, Teresi L, Kotsakis T, Colangelo P, Loy A. Testing convergent and parallel adaptations in talpids humeral mechanical performance by means of geometric morphometrics and finite element analysis. J Morphol. 2012;273:696-711 pubmed publisher
    ..Evolutionary rates of phenotypic change showed a smooth deceleration in correspondence with the most recent common ancestor of the Talpinae+Condylura clade...
  11. Catania K, Remple F. Asymptotic prey profitability drives star-nosed moles to the foraging speed limit. Nature. 2005;433:519-22 pubmed
    ..We provide evidence that the unusual anatomical and behavioural specializations characterizing star-nosed moles resulted from progressively stronger selection for speed, allowing the progressive addition of small prey to their ..
  12. Barrionuevo F, Zurita F, Burgos M, Jimenez R. Testis-like development of gonads in female moles. New insights on mammalian gonad organogenesis. Dev Biol. 2004;268:39-52 pubmed
    b>Moles are unique among mammals because all females of several species of genus Talpa have bilateral ovotestes (gonads with both ovarian and testicular tissue)...
  13. Catania K, Remple F. Tactile foveation in the star-nosed mole. Brain Behav Evol. 2004;63:1-12 pubmed
    Star-nosed moles have a specialized somatosensory system with 22 mechanosensory appendages surrounding the nostrils...
  14. Layton A, Laghmani K, Vallon V, EDWARDS A. Solute transport and oxygen consumption along the nephrons: effects of Na+ transport inhibitors. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016;311:F1217-F1229 pubmed publisher
    ..Whole-kidney TNa efficiency, as reflected by the number of moles of Na+ reabsorbed per moles of O2 consumed (denoted by the ratio TNa/QO..
  15. Springer M, Scally M, Madsen O, de Jong W, Douady C, Stanhope M. The use of composite taxa in supermatrices. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;30:883-4 pubmed
  16. Volleth M, Muller S. Zoo-FISH in the European mole (Talpa europaea) detects all ancestral Boreo-Eutherian human homologous chromosome associations. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2006;115:154-7 pubmed
    ..The karyotype of the European mole acquired a minimum of 19 translocations and six inversions compared to the presumed Boreo-Eutherian ancestor. ..
  17. Willach S, Lutze H, Eckey K, Löppenberg K, Lüling M, Terhalle J, et al. Degradation of sulfamethoxazole using ozone and chlorine dioxide - Compound-specific stable isotope analysis, transformation product analysis and mechanistic aspects. Water Res. 2017;122:280-289 pubmed publisher
    ..Two moles of chlorine dioxide and approximately three moles of ozone were consumed per mole SMX degraded...
  18. Triratanachat S, Nakaporntham P, Tantbirojn P, Shuangshoti S, Lertkhachonsuk R. Role of P57KIP2 Immunohistochemical Expression in Histological Diagnosis of Hydatidiform Moles. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17:2061-6 pubmed
    ..Histopathological diagnosis alone has certain limitations in accurately defining types of hydatidiform mole; P57KIP2 immunohistochemistry is practical and can be a useful adjunct to histopathology to distinguish CHM from non-CHM. ..
  19. Biltueva L, Vorobieva N. Chromosome evolution in Eulipotyphla. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;137:154-64 pubmed publisher
    ..boreo-eutherian ancestor (BEA8 or 10, 9, 17, 18, 20-22) were retained in all eulipotyphlans studied; among them moles show the highest level of chromosome conservation...
  20. Yabutani T, Shimizu S, Nakano H. Pilot-scale whole-cell biocatalysis for the hydroxylation of cyclosporine derivative, FR901459, at higher concentrations by Lentzea sp. 7887 using soybean flour as a novel substrate dispersant. J Biosci Bioeng. 2017;123:56-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Since FR901459 is insoluble in water, the conversion ratio ([moles of AS1837812 produced/moles of FR901459 added]×100) of the biocatalysis decreased under conditions with substrate ..
  21. Traboulsi W, Sergent F, Boufettal H, Brouillet S, Slim R, Hoffmann P, et al. Antagonism of EG-VEGF Receptors as Targeted Therapy for Choriocarcinoma Progression In Vitro and In Vivo. Clin Cancer Res. 2017;23:7130-7140 pubmed publisher
    ..CC) is the most malignant gestational trophoblastic disease that often develops from complete hydatidiform moles (CHM). Neither the mechanism of CC development nor its progression is yet characterized...
  22. Campbell K, Gaudry M, He K, Suzuki H, Zhang Y, Jiang X, et al. Altered hemoglobin co-factor sensitivity does not underlie the evolution of derived fossorial specializations in the family Talpidae. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2018;224:150-155 pubmed publisher
    ..e. the ambulatory, high-elevation shrew-like moles and the semi-aquatic desmans), and which may similarly benefit from an elevated blood O2 affinity...
  23. Boonzaier J, van der Merwe E, Bennett N, Kotzé S. A comparative histochemical study of the distribution of mucins in the gastrointestinal tracts of three insectivorous mammals. Acta Histochem. 2013;115:549-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Similarities between the insectivores of this study and other distantly related species suggest that mixed mucin goblet cells are essential for the formation of the biofilm, irrespective of their diet or taxonomy. ..
  24. Campbell K, Storz J, Signore A, Moriyama H, Catania K, Payson A, et al. Molecular basis of a novel adaptation to hypoxic-hypercapnia in a strictly fossorial mole. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:214 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that strictly fossorial eastern moles (Scalopus aquaticus) have evolved a low O(2) affinity, DPG-insensitive Hb - contrary to expectations for a ..
  25. Tsukada R, Tsuchiyama A, Sasaki M, Park C, Fujii Y, Takesue M, et al. Encephalitozoon infections in Rodentia and Soricomorpha in Japan. Vet Parasitol. 2013;198:193-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is the first report of Encephalitozoon infection in Rodentia and Soricomorpha in Japan, and our findings suggest that these hosts may play a role in the spread of microsporidian spores in the environment. ..
  26. Borodulina O, Kramerov D. Short interspersed elements (SINEs) from insectivores. Two classes of mammalian SINEs distinguished by A-rich tail structure. Mamm Genome. 2001;12:779-86 pubmed
    ..these SINEs families is specific for a single Insectivora family: SOR, for Soricidae (shrews); TAL, for Talpidae (moles and desmans); ERI-1 and ERI-2, for Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)...
  27. Zhang Y, Feng J, Cui L, Zhang Y, Li W, Li C, et al. Investigation Into Efficiency of a Novel Glycol Chitosan-Bestatin Conjugate to Protect Thymopoietin Oligopeptides From Enzymatic Degradation. J Pharm Sci. 2016;105:828-837 pubmed publisher
    ..0% (moles of bestatin per mole of glycol glucosamine unit), could significantly protect all 3 peptides from aminopeptidase-..
  28. Zurita F, Carmona F, Lupiañez D, Barrionuevo F, Guioli S, Burgos M, et al. Meiosis onset is postponed to postnatal stages during ovotestis development in female moles. Sex Dev. 2007;1:66-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The gonads of female moles (genus Talpa) develop according to a testis-like pattern which results in the formation of ovotestes...
  29. Mitsui H, Kiecker F, Shemer A, Cannizzaro M, Wang C, Gulati N, et al. Discrimination of Dysplastic Nevi from Common Melanocytic Nevi by Cellular and Molecular Criteria. J Invest Dermatol. 2016;136:2030-2040 pubmed publisher
    Dysplastic nevi (DNs), also known as Clark's nevi or atypical moles, are distinguished from common melanocytic nevi by variegation in pigmentation and clinical appearance, as well as differences in tissue patterning...
  30. Balaji S, Wang X, King A, Le L, Bhattacharya S, Moles C, et al. Interleukin-10-mediated regenerative postnatal tissue repair is dependent on regulation of hyaluronan metabolism via fibroblast-specific STAT3 signaling. FASEB J. 2017;31:868-881 pubmed publisher
    ..Balaji, S., Wang, X., King, A., Le, L. D., Bhattacharya, S. S., Moles, C. M., Butte, M. J., de Jesus Perez, V. A., Liechty, K. W., Wight, T. N., Crombleholme, T. M., Bollyky, P. L...
  31. McVean A. Are the semicircular canals of the European mole, Talpa europaea, adapted to a subterranean habitat?. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 1999;123:173-8 pubmed
    ..europaea and compared with the dimensions of the same parameters in R. norvegicus. The major determinant of sensitivity, canal lumen area, is significantly larger in T. europaea. ..
  32. Kurtzman C. Eleven new species of Sugiyamaella and Candida from forest habitats. FEMS Yeast Res. 2007;7:1046-63 pubmed
    ..nov. NRRL YB-1473 (CBS 10342), Ca. marilandica sp. nov. NRRL YB-1847 (CBS 10346), Ca. marionensis sp. nov. NRRL YB-1336 (CBS 10341), Ca. neomexicana sp. nov. NRRL YB-2450 (CBS 10349), and Ca. pinicola sp. nov. NRRL YB-2263 (CBS 10348). ..
  33. Bolze P, Riedl C, Massardier J, Lotz J, You B, Schott A, et al. Mortality rate of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia with a FIGO score of ≥13. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;214:390.e1-8 pubmed publisher
    Gestational trophoblastic diseases include premalignant (partial and complete hydatidiform moles) and malignant entities referred to as gestational trophoblastic neoplasia...
  34. Luchini C, Parcesepe P, Mafficini A, Nottegar A, Parolini C, Veronese N, et al. Specific expression patterns of epithelial to mesenchymal transition factors in gestational molar disease. Placenta. 2015;36:1318-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Particularly, Twist1 was highly expressed in complete moles compared to both abortive pregnancies (p < 0.001) and partial moles (p < 0.05)...
  35. Whitworth D, Licht P, Racey P, Glickman S. Testis-like steroidogenesis in the ovotestis of the European mole, Talpa europaea. Biol Reprod. 1999;60:413-8 pubmed
    ..indications of the physiological function, particularly androgen production, of the ovotestis in these female moles. This paper presents the first clear evidence of seasonal variation in plasma testosterone concentrations, which ..
  36. Kang H, Bennett S, Hope A, Cook J, Yanagihara R. Shared ancestry between a newfound mole-borne hantavirus and hantaviruses harbored by cricetid rodents. J Virol. 2011;85:7496-503 pubmed publisher
    ..of genetically distinct hantaviruses in multiple species of shrews (order Soricomorpha, family Soricidae) and moles (family Talpidae) contests the conventional view that rodents (order Rodentia, families Muridae and Cricetidae) ..
  37. Delcominette S, Timmermans M, Delbecque K, Delvenne P, Marbaix E, Noel J, et al. [Belgian register and reference centers for gestational trophoblastic diseases]. Rev Med Liege. 2015;70:550-6 pubmed
    ..trophoblastic diseases include placental pathologies comprising fertilization abnormalities (hydatidiform moles) and malignant lesions (choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor)...
  38. Gileva E, Bol shakov V, Yalkovskaya L, Sineva N. Chromosomal instability and cranial asymmetry in the mole-vole Ellobius talpinus Pallas, 1770 polymorphic for coat coloration. Dokl Biol Sci. 2006;410:403-6 pubmed
  39. Bogus Nowakowska K, Robak A, Szteyn S, Rowniak M, Najdzion J, Wasilewska B. The neuronal structure of the preoptic area in the mole and the rabbit: Golgi and Nissl studies. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006;65:367-76 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, of the multipolar neurons only the dendrites in POA of the rabbit were observed to have a rosary-like beaded appearance. ..
  40. Lelić M, Fatusic Z, Iljazovic E, Ramic S, Markovic S, Alicelebić S. Challenges in the Routine Praxis Diagnosis of Hydatidiform Mole: a Tertiary Health Center Experience. Med Arch. 2017;71:256-260 pubmed publisher
    Hydatidiform moles (HM), presenting as complete (CHM) and partial (PHM) form, are rare pregnancy disorder. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation, ultrasound imaging findings and pathological examination of products of conception...
  41. Springer M, Murphy W, Roca A. Appropriate fossil calibrations and tree constraints uphold the Mesozoic divergence of solenodons from other extant mammals. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2018;121:158-165 pubmed publisher
    ..order Eulipotyphla includes four extant families of insectivorans: Solenodontidae (solenodons); Talpidae (moles); Soricidae (shrews); and Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)...
  42. Marasco P, Catania K. Response properties of primary afferents supplying Eimer's organ. J Exp Biol. 2007;210:765-80 pubmed
    ..from the trigeminal ganglion was recorded from coast (Scapanus orarius) and star-nosed (Condylura cristata) moles, while stimulating the nose with a Chubbuck mechanosensory stimulator, a piezo-electric sweeping stimulator, and ..
  43. Place N, Glickman S. Masculinization of female mammals: lessons from nature. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2004;545:243-53 pubmed
    ..In this chapter we have described research on the "masculinized" genitalia of moles and hyenas...
  44. Ribela M, Damiani R, Silva F, Lima E, Oliveira J, Peroni C, et al. N-Glycoprofiling Analysis for Carbohydrate Composition and Site-Occupancy Determination in a Poly-Glycosylated Protein: Human Thyrotropin of Different Origins. Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18: pubmed publisher
    ..The average glycan mass is 24% lower in pituitary hTSH and contains ~3-fold fewer moles of galactose (p < 0.005) and sialic acid (p < 0.01)...
  45. Cavagni J, Seibel L, Gaio E, Rösing C. Methodological aspects in the study of periodontal breakdown in rats: influence of the presence and time of ligature. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2017;30:39-45 pubmed
    ..Os ratos foram criados nas mesmas condições, sacrificados por decapitação, as maxilas retiradas e os tecidos moles removidos com hipoclorito de sódio 9%...
  46. Zhao Y, Xiong G, Zhang X, Hang B. Is Ki-67 of Diagnostic Value in Distinguishing Between Partial and Complete Hydatidiform Moles? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Anticancer Res. 2018;38:1105-1110 pubmed
    To demonstrate the value of Ki-67 in distinguishing between partial and complete hydatidiform moles. We searched electronic databases included Medline, WOK, Cochrane Library and CNKI, through January 24, 2015...
  47. Catania K, Leitch D, Gauthier D. A star in the brainstem reveals the first step of cortical magnification. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e22406 pubmed publisher
    ..These measurements can be made in star-nosed moles (Condylura cristata) because the cortical representation of nasal rays is visible in flattened sections and ..
  48. Gornung E, Volleth M, Capanna E, Castiglia R. Comparative cytogenetics of moles (Eulipotyphla, Talpidae): chromosomal differences in Talpa romana and T. europaea. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2008;121:249-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The comparison of these patterns revealed differences in distribution of interstitial telomeric repeats and 5S ribosomal RNA genes in the two species with apparently identical karyotypes but different evolutionary histories. ..
  49. Pistre V, Rezzouk J. Mole gun injury. Chir Main. 2013;32:235-9 pubmed publisher
    A mole gun is a weapon, which is used to trap and kill moles. This report provides an overview of the state of knowledge of mole gun injuries, comparable to blast injuries caused by fireworks, explosive or gunshot...
  50. Ruiz Herrera A, Robinson T. Chromosomal instability in Afrotheria: fragile sites, evolutionary breakpoints and phylogenetic inference from genome sequence assemblies. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:199 pubmed
  51. Dadhich R, Barrionuevo F, Lupiañez D, Real F, Burgos M, Jimenez R. Expression of genes controlling testicular development in adult testis of the seasonally breeding iberian mole. Sex Dev. 2011;5:77-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Available data suggest that intratesticular levels of testosterone could regulate circannual spermatogenic variations of seasonal breeders by modulating the expression of DMRT1 to control spermatogonial proliferation...
  52. Catania K, Northcutt R, Kaas J. The development of a biological novelty: a different way to make appendages as revealed in the snout of the star-nosed mole Condylura cristata. J Exp Biol. 1999;202:2719-26 pubmed
    ..In the nose of these moles, however, we find a unique pattern of appendage morphogenesis, showing that evolution is capable of constructing ..
  53. Zurita F, Barrionuevo F, Berta P, Ortega E, Burgos M, Jimenez R. Abnormal sex-duct development in female moles: the role of anti-Müllerian hormone and testosterone. Int J Dev Biol. 2003;47:451-8 pubmed
    ..gonad, thus suggesting that testosterone produced by the ovotestes is responsible for masculinisation of female moles. During postnatal development, serum testosterone concentrations decreased in males but increased in females, thus ..
  54. Sachdev R, Catania K. Receptive fields and response properties of neurons in the star-nosed mole's somatosensory fovea. J Neurophysiol. 2002;87:2602-11 pubmed
    Star-nosed moles have an extraordinary mechanosensory system consisting of 22 densely innervated nasal appendages covered with thousands of sensitive touch domes...
  55. Rose J, Sandefur M, Huskey S, Demler J, Butcher M. Muscle architecture and out-force potential of the thoracic limb in the Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus). J Morphol. 2013;274:1277-87 pubmed publisher
    b>Moles have modified thoracic limbs with hypertrophied pectoral girdle muscles that allow them to apply remarkably high lateral out-forces during the power stroke when burrowing...
  56. Crish S, Comer C, Marasco P, Catania K. Somatosensation in the superior colliculus of the star-nosed mole. J Comp Neurol. 2003;464:415-25 pubmed
    ..Layers IVb-VII were identified, and a layer superficial to IVb contained neurons that responded to somatosensory stimulation, suggesting that there are unique patterns of afferents in the star-nosed mole's SC...
  57. Seifan M, Seifan T, Schiffers K, Jeltsch F, Tielbörger K. Beyond the competition-colonization trade-off: linking multiple trait response to disturbance characteristics. Am Nat. 2013;181:151-60 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that the understanding of disturbance-community relationships can be significantly improved by employing sets of relevant trait assemblies instead of the currently common approach in which trade-offs are assumed in advance...
  58. Kremen N, Calvert C, Larsen J, Baldwin R, Hahn T, Fascetti A. Body composition and amino acid concentrations of select birds and mammals consumed by cats in northern and central California. J Anim Sci. 2013;91:1270-6 pubmed publisher
    ..northern and central California: wild-caught mice (n = 7), Norway rats (n = 2), roof rats (n = 2), voles (n = 4), moles (n = 2), gophers (n = 3), and birds (n = 4)...
  59. Mason M. Of mice, moles and guinea pigs: functional morphology of the middle ear in living mammals. Hear Res. 2013;301:4-18 pubmed publisher
    ..This article is part of a special issue entitled "MEMRO 2012"...
  60. Billet G, Hautier L, Asher R, Schwarz C, Crumpton N, Martin T, et al. High morphological variation of vestibular system accompanies slow and infrequent locomotion in three-toed sloths. Proc Biol Sci. 2012;279:3932-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This release is coincident with their slow and infrequent locomotion and may be related, among other possible factors, to a reduced functional demand for a precise sensitivity to movement...
  61. Kocianova E, Kozuch O. A contribution to the parasite fauna in winter nests of the common mole (Talpa europaea L.) and incidence of its infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBE) and rickettsia Coxiella burnetii. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 1988;35:175-80 pubmed
    ..nidi, H. hirsutus, Hirstionyssus talpae and A. fahrenholzi and the fleas Ct. assimilis collected in three localities: Laksárska Nová Ves, Stupava, Pernek. C. burnetii was found neither in mites nor in fleas...
  62. Yen Z, Meyer I, Karalic S, Brown C. A cross-species comparison of X-chromosome inactivation in Eutheria. Genomics. 2007;90:453-63 pubmed
  63. Catania K. Cortical-organization in moles: evidence of new areas and a specialized S2. Somatosens Mot Res. 2000;17:335-47 pubmed
    ..unidentified medial representations of the trunk and limbs were found in all species, indicating that S1 in moles occupies a medial to lateral strip of cortex as in most other mammals...
  64. Bochkov A. A review of fur-mites of the genus Dubininetta Fain & Lukoschus, 1978 (Acariformes: Listrophoridae), ectoparasites of moles (Soricomorpha: Talpidae). Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:635-647 pubmed publisher
    ..mite genus Dubininetta Fain & Lukoschus, 1978 (Acariformes: Listrophoridae) represented by ectoparasites of moles (Soricomorpha: Talpidae) is revised. An amended diagnosis of this genus is provided...
  65. Catania K, Kaas J. Areal and callosal connections in the somatosensory cortex of the star-nosed mole. Somatosens Mot Res. 2001;18:303-11 pubmed
    Star-nosed moles have a well-developed somatosensory cortex with multiple cortical areas representing the behaviorally important tactile star...
  66. Scantlebury M, Oosthuizen M, Speakman J, Jackson C, Bennett N. Seasonal energetics of the Hottentot golden mole at 1500 m altitude. Physiol Behav. 2005;84:739-45 pubmed
    ..In sub-tropical savannah, Hottentot golden moles (Ambysomus hottentottus longiceps) forage throughout the year and for long periods of each day...
  67. Sawyer E, Catania K. Somatosensory organ topography across the star of the star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata). J Comp Neurol. 2016;524:917-29 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the glabrous noses of moles are an exception...
  68. Beolchini F, Rebecchi L, Capanna E, Bertolani R. Female gonad of moles, genus Talpa (Insectivora, mammalia): ovary or ovotestis?. J Exp Zool. 2000;286:745-54 pubmed
    The female gonads of moles (genus Talpa) are composed of a cortex, functioning as an ovary, and a medulla, which is structurally similar to that of the testis...
  69. Kunisue T, Watanabe M, Iwata H, Tsubota T, Yamada F, Yasuda M, et al. PCDDs, PCDFs, and coplanar PCBs in wild terrestrial mammals from Japan: congener specific accumulation and hepatic sequestration. Environ Pollut. 2006;140:525-35 pubmed
    ..and related compounds (DRCs) in wild terrestrial mammals such as large Japanese field mice (LJFM), lesser Japanese moles (LJMs), and raccoon dogs (RDs) collected from Kanto region in Japan during 2001...
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    ..H2 evolution, with the turnover number (TON) and turnover frequency (TOF) reaching 400 and 100 moles H2 per mole redox catalyst per hour, respectively...
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    The densities of middle ear ossicles of golden moles (family Chrysochloridae, order Afrosoricida) were measured using the buoyancy method...
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    ..We found that apoptosis varies in a season-dependent manner in the testes of male moles, affecting mainly late zygotene and pachytene cells during the period of sexual inactivity, but it does not ..
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    ..Severe developmental defects occurred after birth, subsequent to lens abnormalities. 'Blind' Iberian moles had rods, cones and rod nuclear ultrastructure typical of diurnal mammals...
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    Metabolic and body temperature (Tb) responses of star-nosed moles (Condylura cristata) exposed to air temperatures ranging from 0 to 33 degrees C were investigated. The thermoneutral zone of this semi-aquatic mole extended from 24...
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    ..The many surprising parallels between the somatosensory system of the mole, and the visual systems of other mammals, suggest a convergent and perhaps common organization for highly developed sensory systems...
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    ..In the second step the remaining transcription factors are recruited in a cooperative way, thus completing activation of one nucleolar organizer region, before the next one becomes active...
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    ..Composition of Uropodina communities in nests of moles was also compared with that of other microhabitats (e.g...
  82. Pätzold R, Schieber A, Brückner H. Gas chromatographic quantification of free D-amino acids in higher vertebrates. Biomed Chromatogr. 2005;19:466-73 pubmed
    ..D-Amino acids were also abundant in faeces of rodents. The data confirm that d-amino acids are common in body fluids and certain tissues of vertebrates...
  83. Willi U, Bronner G, Narins P. Ossicular differentiation of airborne and seismic stimuli in the Cape golden mole (Chrysochloris asiatica). J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2006;192:267-77 pubmed
    ..asiatica constitutes an adaptation towards bimodal hearing-sensitivity to substrate vibrations and airborne sound. Possible functional differences between these two middle ear types are discussed...
  84. Dadhich R, Barrionuevo F, Real F, Lupiáñez D, Ortega E, Burgos M, et al. Identification of live germ-cell desquamation as a major mechanism of seasonal testis regression in mammals: a study in the Iberian mole (Talpa occidentalis). Biol Reprod. 2013;88:101 pubmed publisher
    ..The new testis regression mechanism described here for the mole could then be generalized to other mammalian species. Available data from some previously studied mammals should be reevaluated...
  85. Kawada S, Koyasu K, Zholnerovskaya E, Oda S. Analysis of dental anomalies in the Siberian mole, Talpa altaica (Insectivora, Talpidae). Arch Oral Biol. 2006;51:1029-39 pubmed
    ..These extraordinarily frequent tooth anomalies of T. altaica are of much interest both in terms of tooth development and classification...
  86. Catania K, Henry E. Touching on somatosensory specializations in mammals. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2006;16:467-73 pubmed
    ..Cortical modules represent a range of different sensory surfaces in rodents, star-nosed moles and primates, indicating that similar developmental mechanisms operate in diverse species...
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    ..Insectivorous moles of the genus Talpa represent a unique case of generalized true hermaphroditism, as XX female moles constitutively ..