muridae

Summary

Summary: A family of the order Rodentia containing 250 genera including the two genera Mus (MICE) and Rattus (RATS), from which the laboratory inbred strains are developed. The fifteen subfamilies are SIGMODONTINAE (New World mice and rats), CRICETINAE, Spalacinae, Myospalacinae, Lophiomyinae, ARVICOLINAE, Platacanthomyinae, Nesomyinae, Otomyinae, Rhizomyinae, GERBILLINAE, Dendromurinae, Cricetomyinae, MURINAE (Old World mice and rats), and Hydromyinae.

Top Publications

  1. Reperant L, Deplazes P. Cluster of Capillaria hepatica infections in non-commensal rodents from the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Parasitol Res. 2005;96:340-2 pubmed
    ..2%; CP 19%), and in the water vole Arvicola terrestris scherman (n=466; OP 0.2%; CP 4%). The estimated numbers of C. hepatica eggs isolated from infected livers ranged from 1,914 to 938,000 per animal...
  2. Matsubara K, Nishida Umehara C, Tsuchiya K, Nukaya D, Matsuda Y. Karyotypic evolution of Apodemus (Muridae, Rodentia) inferred from comparative FISH analyses. Chromosome Res. 2004;12:383-95 pubmed
    ..The karyotypic relationships correlated well with the molecular phylogeny, and A. semotus had the most highly conserved karyotype among the seven species...
  3. Chiappero M, Gardenal C. Restricted gene flow in Calomys musculinus (Rodentia, Muridae), the natural reservoir of Junin virus. J Hered. 2003;94:490-5 pubmed
    ..musculinus have colonized their present ranges relatively recently and differentiation by genetic drift has proceeded faster than homogenization by gene flow at the macrogeographic scale analyzed (10-700 km)...
  4. Edut S, Eilam D. Rodents in open space adjust their behavioral response to the different risk levels during barn-owl attack. BMC Ecol. 2003;3:10 pubmed
  5. Russo I, Chimimba C, Bloomer P. Bioregion heterogeneity correlates with extensive mitochondrial DNA diversity in the Namaqua rock mouse, Micaelamys namaquensis (Rodentia: Muridae) from southern Africa--evidence for a species complex. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:307 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report genetic differentiation based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b (cyt b) sequences among samples collected over an extensive coverage of the species' range...
  6. Lecompte E, Granjon L, Peterhans J, Denys C. Cytochrome b-based phylogeny of the Praomys group (Rodentia, Murinae): a new African radiation?. C R Biol. 2002;325:827-40 pubmed
    ..The genus Heimyscus appears closest to Praomys than to Hylomyscus. The different lineages probably result from an adaptive radiation at the end of the Miocene...
  7. Brettschneider H, Bennett N, Chimimba C, Bastos A. Bartonellae of the Namaqua rock mouse, Micaelamys namaquensis (Rodentia: Muridae) from South Africa. Vet Microbiol. 2012;157:132-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 34 unambiguous gltA sequences revealed the presence of three discrete Bartonella lineages in M. namaquensis, one of which corresponds to Bartonella elizabethae, a species with known zoonotic potential...
  8. Liu Q, Chen P, He K, Kilpatrick C, Liu S, Yu F, et al. Phylogeographic study of Apodemus ilex (Rodentia: Muridae) in Southwest China. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31453 pubmed publisher
    ..However, only a few studies have shed light on how the mountains and river valleys promote genetic diversity. Apodemus ilex is a fine model for investigating this subject...
  9. Luis J, Ramírez L, Carmona A, Ortiz G, Delgado J, Cárdenas R. Paternal behavior and testosterone plasma levels in the Volcano Mouse Neotomodon alstoni (Rodentia: Muridae). Rev Biol Trop. 2009;57:433-9 pubmed
    Paternal behavior and testosterone plasma levels in the Volcano Mouse Neotomodon alstoni (Rodentia: Muridae)...
  10. Musolf K, Meyer Lucht Y, Sommer S. Evolution of MHC-DRB class II polymorphism in the genus Apodemus and a comparison of DRB sequences within the family Muridae (Mammalia: Rodentia). Immunogenetics. 2004;56:420-6 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis, including additional murid taxa, showed that the DRB exon 2 sequences did not separate according to species, consistent with trans-species evolution of the MHC in these taxa...

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. Reperant L, Deplazes P. Cluster of Capillaria hepatica infections in non-commensal rodents from the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Parasitol Res. 2005;96:340-2 pubmed
    ..2%; CP 19%), and in the water vole Arvicola terrestris scherman (n=466; OP 0.2%; CP 4%). The estimated numbers of C. hepatica eggs isolated from infected livers ranged from 1,914 to 938,000 per animal...
  2. Matsubara K, Nishida Umehara C, Tsuchiya K, Nukaya D, Matsuda Y. Karyotypic evolution of Apodemus (Muridae, Rodentia) inferred from comparative FISH analyses. Chromosome Res. 2004;12:383-95 pubmed
    ..The karyotypic relationships correlated well with the molecular phylogeny, and A. semotus had the most highly conserved karyotype among the seven species...
  3. Chiappero M, Gardenal C. Restricted gene flow in Calomys musculinus (Rodentia, Muridae), the natural reservoir of Junin virus. J Hered. 2003;94:490-5 pubmed
    ..musculinus have colonized their present ranges relatively recently and differentiation by genetic drift has proceeded faster than homogenization by gene flow at the macrogeographic scale analyzed (10-700 km)...
  4. Edut S, Eilam D. Rodents in open space adjust their behavioral response to the different risk levels during barn-owl attack. BMC Ecol. 2003;3:10 pubmed
  5. Russo I, Chimimba C, Bloomer P. Bioregion heterogeneity correlates with extensive mitochondrial DNA diversity in the Namaqua rock mouse, Micaelamys namaquensis (Rodentia: Muridae) from southern Africa--evidence for a species complex. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:307 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report genetic differentiation based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b (cyt b) sequences among samples collected over an extensive coverage of the species' range...
  6. Lecompte E, Granjon L, Peterhans J, Denys C. Cytochrome b-based phylogeny of the Praomys group (Rodentia, Murinae): a new African radiation?. C R Biol. 2002;325:827-40 pubmed
    ..The genus Heimyscus appears closest to Praomys than to Hylomyscus. The different lineages probably result from an adaptive radiation at the end of the Miocene...
  7. Brettschneider H, Bennett N, Chimimba C, Bastos A. Bartonellae of the Namaqua rock mouse, Micaelamys namaquensis (Rodentia: Muridae) from South Africa. Vet Microbiol. 2012;157:132-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 34 unambiguous gltA sequences revealed the presence of three discrete Bartonella lineages in M. namaquensis, one of which corresponds to Bartonella elizabethae, a species with known zoonotic potential...
  8. Liu Q, Chen P, He K, Kilpatrick C, Liu S, Yu F, et al. Phylogeographic study of Apodemus ilex (Rodentia: Muridae) in Southwest China. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31453 pubmed publisher
    ..However, only a few studies have shed light on how the mountains and river valleys promote genetic diversity. Apodemus ilex is a fine model for investigating this subject...
  9. Luis J, Ramírez L, Carmona A, Ortiz G, Delgado J, Cárdenas R. Paternal behavior and testosterone plasma levels in the Volcano Mouse Neotomodon alstoni (Rodentia: Muridae). Rev Biol Trop. 2009;57:433-9 pubmed
    Paternal behavior and testosterone plasma levels in the Volcano Mouse Neotomodon alstoni (Rodentia: Muridae)...
  10. Musolf K, Meyer Lucht Y, Sommer S. Evolution of MHC-DRB class II polymorphism in the genus Apodemus and a comparison of DRB sequences within the family Muridae (Mammalia: Rodentia). Immunogenetics. 2004;56:420-6 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis, including additional murid taxa, showed that the DRB exon 2 sequences did not separate according to species, consistent with trans-species evolution of the MHC in these taxa...
  11. Liu X, Wei F, Li M, Jiang X, Feng Z, Hu J. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of wood mice (genus Apodemus Kaup, 1829) based on complete mtDNA cytochrome b sequences, with emphasis on Chinese species. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;33:1-15 pubmed
    ..17-9.95 Mya. Four species of the Sylvaemus group were estimated to diverge at about 2.92-5.21 Mya. The Hengduan Mountains Region was hypothesized to have played important roles in Apodemus evolutionary histories since the Pleistocene...
  12. Castiglia R, Corti M, Colangelo P, Annesi F, Capanna E, Verheyen W, et al. Chromosomal and molecular characterization of Aethomys kaiseri from Zambia and Aethomys chrysophilus from Tanzania (Rodentia, Muridae). Hereditas. 2003;139:81-9 pubmed
    ..49 Mya, a period of intense speciation in other African muroids. The resulting phylogeny strongly supports the idea of a paraphyletic group, suggesting the need to elevate the previously described subgenera to the genus rank...
  13. Matthee S, Ueckermann E. Ectoparasites of rodents in Southern Africa: a new species of Androlaelaps Berlese, 1903 (Acari: Parasitiformes: Laelapidae) from Rhabdomys pumilio (Sparrman) (Rodentia: Muridae). Syst Parasitol. 2008;70:185-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the pilus dentilis on the fixed cheliceral digit of A. rhabdomysi is a rather broad sausage-shape and slightly constricted medially, whereas in the other two species it has an inflated base and is slender distally...
  14. Rodrigues H, Merceron G, Viriot L. Dental microwear patterns of extant and extinct Muridae (Rodentia, Mammalia): ecological implications. Naturwissenschaften. 2009;96:537-42 pubmed publisher
    Extant species of Muridae occupy a wide array of habitats and have diverse dietary habits...
  15. Castiglia R, Corti M, Tesha P, Scanzani A, Fadda C, Capanna E, et al. Cytogenetics of the genus Arvicanthis (Rodentia, Muridae). 3. Comparative cytogenetics of A. neumanni and A. nairobae from Tanzania. Genetica. 2003;118:33-9 pubmed
    ..niloticus (ANI-2, ANI-3, ANI-4). The distribution of A. nairobae in east Africa opens new scenarios in the biogeographical pattern of evolution of the genus...
  16. du Toit N, van Vuuren B, Matthee S, Matthee C. Biome specificity of distinct genetic lineages within the four-striped mouse Rhabdomys pumilio (Rodentia: Muridae) from southern Africa with implications for taxonomy. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;65:75-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Marked genetic divergence at the mitochondrial DNA level, coupled with strong nuclear and mtDNA signals of non-monophyly of R. pumilio, support the notion that a taxonomic revision of the genus is needed...
  17. Serizawa K, Suzuki H, Iwasa M, Tsuchiya K, Pavlenko M, Kartavtseva I, et al. A spatial aspect on mitochondrial DNA genealogy in Apodemus peninsulae from East Asia. Biochem Genet. 2002;40:149-61 pubmed
  18. Nicolas V, Schaeffer B, Missoup A, Kennis J, Colyn M, Denys C, et al. Assessment of three mitochondrial genes (16S, Cytb, CO1) for identifying species in the Praomyini tribe (Rodentia: Muridae). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36586 pubmed publisher
  19. Ventura K, Silva M, Fagundes V, Christoff A, Yonenaga Yassuda Y. Non-telomeric sites as evidence of chromosomal rearrangement and repetitive (TTAGGG)n arrays in heterochromatic and euchromatic regions in four species of Akodon (Rodentia, Muridae). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2006;115:169-75 pubmed
  20. Weksler M. Phylogeny of Neotropical oryzomyine rodents (Muridae: Sigmodontinae) based on the nuclear IRBP exon. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2003;29:331-49 pubmed
    ..No conflict is observed between IRBP results and previous robust hypotheses from mitochondrial data, while a single case of incongruence is present between the IRBP topology and robust hypothesis from morphological studies...
  21. Steppan S, Adkins R, Anderson J. Phylogeny and divergence-date estimates of rapid radiations in muroid rodents based on multiple nuclear genes. Syst Biol. 2004;53:533-53 pubmed
    ..The among-gene variance in support is greatest for the shortest branches. We present a revised classification for this largest but most unsettled mammalian superfamily...
  22. Michaux J, Magnanou E, Paradis E, Nieberding C, Libois R. Mitochondrial phylogeography of the Woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in the Western Palearctic region. Mol Ecol. 2003;12:685-97 pubmed
    ..Finally, woodmice in North Africa originated from southwestern Europe, most probably as a result of a recent anthropogenic introduction...
  23. Abbott K, Milazzo M, Keith J, Bradley R, Fulhorst C. Epizootiology of arenaviral infections in the white-throated woodrat (Muridae: Sigmodontinae) and other woodrats in Arizona. J Vector Ecol. 2004;29:355-64 pubmed
  24. Nicolas V, Querouil S, Verheyen E, Verheyen W, Mboumba J, Dillen M, et al. Mitochondrial phylogeny of African wood mice, genus Hylomyscus (Rodentia, Muridae): implications for their taxonomy and biogeography. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;38:779-93 pubmed
    ..Future reports should focus on the geographic distribution of Hylomyscus species in order to get a better understanding of the evolutionary history of the genus...
  25. Callejón R, de Rojas M, Nieberding C, Foronda P, Feliu C, Guevara D, et al. Molecular evolution of Trichuris muris isolated from different Muridae hosts in Europe. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:631-41 pubmed publisher
    A phylogeographic study was carried out of Trichuris muris, nematode parasitizing Murinae rodents from the Muridae family, isolated from four different hosts and from different geographical regions of Europe by amplification and ..
  26. Gaffney D, Keightley P. The scale of mutational variation in the murid genome. Genome Res. 2005;15:1086-94 pubmed
    ..This raises questions about the biological mechanism(s) that produce new mutations and has implications for the study of male-driven evolution...
  27. Meles S, Adega F, Guedes Pinto H, Chaves R. The karyotype and sex chromosomes of Praomys tullbergi (Muridae, Rodentia): a detailed characterization. Micron. 2008;39:559-68 pubmed
    ..species, which is one of the tullbergi complex elements, a group of species belonging to Murinae (Rodentia, Muridae)...
  28. Veyrunes F, Dobigny G, Yang F, O Brien P, Catalan J, Robinson T, et al. Phylogenomics of the genus Mus (Rodentia; Muridae): extensive genome repatterning is not restricted to the house mouse. Proc Biol Sci. 2006;273:2925-34 pubmed
  29. Fagundes V, Yonenaga Yassuda Y. Evolutionary conservation of whole homeologous chromosome arms in the Akodont rodents Bolomys and Akodon (Muridae, Sigmodontinae): maintenance of interstitial telomeric segments (ITBs) in recent event of centric fusion. Chromosome Res. 1998;6:643-8 pubmed
    ..The homeologies shared between the chromosomes of these two species and those of A. cursor (2n = 16), from previous work, are discussed...
  30. Pfau R, Van Den Bussche R, McBee K, Lochmiller R. Allelic diversity at the Mhc-DQA locus in cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus) and a comparison of DQA sequences within the family muridae (Mammalia: Rodentia). Immunogenetics. 1999;49:886-93 pubmed
    ..hispidus alleles. To examine evolution of DQA alleles within Muridae, we performed a phylogenetic analysis that included DQA alleles from S. hispidus, Peromyscus leucopus, M...
  31. Fulhorst C, Ksiazek T, Peters C, Tesh R. Experimental infection of the cane mouse Zygodontomys brevicauda (family Muridae) with guanarito virus (Arenaviridae), the etiologic agent of Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever. J Infect Dis. 1999;180:966-9 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that Guanarito virus infection in Z. brevicauda can be chronic and thus support the concept that this rodent species is the natural reservoir of Guanarito virus...
  32. Randolph S, Miklisova D, Lysy J, Rogers D, Labuda M. Incidence from coincidence: patterns of tick infestations on rodents facilitate transmission of tick-borne encephalitis virus. Parasitology. 1999;118 ( Pt 2):177-86 pubmed
    ..This identifies the particular climatic factors that permit such patterns of tick seasonal dynamics as the primary predictors for the focal distribution of TBE...
  33. Smales L. Protospirura kaindiensis n. sp. (Spirura: Spiruridae) and other helminths from Pseudohydromys (Muridae: Hydromyinae) from Papua New Guinea. J Parasitol. 2001;87:169-72 pubmed
    One cestode and 3 species of nematodes are recorded from Pseudohydromys murinus and Pseudohydromys occidentalis (Muridae: Hydromyinae), from Papua New Guinea, for the first time...
  34. Hemberger M, Redies C, Krause R, Oswald J, Walter J, Fundele R. H19 and Igf2 are expressed and differentially imprinted in neuroectoderm-derived cells in the mouse brain. Dev Genes Evol. 1998;208:393-402 pubmed
  35. Hughes V, Randolph S. Testosterone depresses innate and acquired resistance to ticks in natural rodent hosts: a force for aggregated distributions of parasites. J Parasitol. 2001;87:49-54 pubmed
    ..The lowest innate and acquired resistance to tick feeding occurs in that fraction of the host population, i.e., sexually active males, most actively involved in the transmission of both Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l...
  36. Smales L. Syphacia longaecauda n. sp. (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) syphacinea from Melomys spp. (Muridae: Hydromyinae) from Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Parasite. 2001;8:39-43 pubmed
    ..The significance of the distribution of S. longaecauda, apparently restricted to New Guinea, is discussed...
  37. Enard W, Khaitovich P, Klose J, Zollner S, Heissig F, Giavalisco P, et al. Intra- and interspecific variation in primate gene expression patterns. Science. 2002;296:340-3 pubmed
    ..We identified species-specific gene expression patterns indicating that changes in protein and gene expression have been particularly pronounced in the human brain...
  38. Notarnicola J, Bain O, Navone G. Litomosoides anguyai n. sp. (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) from Oxymycterus misionalis (Rodentia: Muridae) in the rain forest of Misiones, Argentina. Syst Parasitol. 2002;52:129-35 pubmed
    ..legerae and L. oxymycteri. The new species is differentiated by the salient amphids, an asymmetrical annular thickening of the buccal capsule, by the arrangement of the head and tail papillae, and the shape and size of the microfilaria...
  39. Liz J, Anderes L, Sumner J, Massung R, Gern L, Rutti B, et al. PCR detection of granulocytic ehrlichiae in Ixodes ricinus ticks and wild small mammals in western Switzerland. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38:1002-7 pubmed
    ..Dual infections with granulocytic ehrlichia and Borrelia burgdorferi were found in ticks and small mammals...
  40. Prugnolle F, Theron A, Durand P, de Meeus T. Test of pangamy by genetic analysis of Schistosoma mansoni pairs within its natural murine host in Guadeloupe. J Parasitol. 2004;90:507-9 pubmed
  41. Just W, Baumstark A, Hameister H, Schreiner B, Reisert I, Hakhverdyan M, et al. The sex determination in Ellobius lutescens remains bizarre. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2002;96:146-53 pubmed
    ..In addition, we provide evidence by linkage analysis in two E. lutescens pedigrees that Nr5a1 is not the key male sex-determining gene in Ellobius lutescens. ..
  42. Young N, Hallgrimsson B. Serial homology and the evolution of mammalian limb covariation structure. Evolution. 2005;59:2691-704 pubmed
    ..This result supports the hypothesis that limb divergence, particularly selection for increased functional specialization, involves the reduction of developmental factors common to both limbs, thereby reducing covariation. ..
  43. Ismail N, Stevenson H, Walker D. Role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 in the pathogenesis of severe murine monocytotropic ehrlichiosis: increased resistance of TNF receptor p55- and p75-deficient mice to fatal ehrlichial infection. Infect Immun. 2006;74:1846-56 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that fatal ehrlichiosis could be a multistep process, where TNF-alpha is not solely responsible for mortality. ..
  44. Goodman S, Randrenjarison Andriniaina H, Soarimalala V, Beaucournu J. The Fleas of Endemic and Introduced Small Mammals in Central Highland Forests of Madagascar: Faunistics, Species Diversity, and Absence of Host Specificity. J Med Entomol. 2015;52:1135-43 pubmed publisher
    ..included the endemic family Tenrecidae (tenrecs) and subfamily Nesomyinae (rodents) and two introduced families Muridae (rodents) and Soricidae (shrews); no fleas were recovered from the latter family...
  45. Ehrhardt N, Heldmaier G, Exner C. Adaptive mechanisms during food restriction in Acomys russatus: the use of torpor for desert survival. J Comp Physiol B. 2005;175:193-200 pubmed
    ..Thus golden spiny mice used two simultaneous strategies to adapt to shortened food supply, namely energysaving torpor during their resting period and an increase in locomotor activity pattern during their activity period. ..
  46. Diagne M, Vuong P, Duplantier J, Ba K, Thirion Lochouarn L, Attout T, et al. Histological study of Trichosomoides nasalis (Nematoda: Trichinelloidea) in the nasal cavities of the murid Arvicanthis niloticus, with associated pathology. Parasite. 2004;11:351-8 pubmed
    ..which live in this part of the mucosa. In rodents, the lesions resulted in rhinosinusitis characterised by a lymphocytic infiltration leading to nasal obstruction...
  47. Digiani M, Sutton C, Durette Desset M. A new genus of Nippostrongylinae (Nematoda: Heligmonellidae) from the water rat Scapteromys aquaticus (Sigmodontinae) in Argentina. J Parasitol. 2003;89:124-32 pubmed
    ..sp., and M. victoriae n. sp. from the intestine of the water rat, Scapteromys aquaticus Thomas (Rodentia: Muridae), from the northeast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, is proposed in this study...
  48. Bozinovic F, Muñoz J, Cruz Neto A. Intraspecific variability in the Basal metabolic rate: testing the food habits hypothesis. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2007;80:452-60 pubmed
    ..Path analysis indicated that, in our study, habitat productivity was responsible for the observed changes in BMR, while diet per se had no effect on this variable. ..
  49. Chen W, Sun Z, Liu Y, Yue B, Liu S. The complete mitochondrial genome of the large white-bellied rat, Niviventer excelsior (Rodentia: Muridae). Mitochondrial DNA. 2012;23:363-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Topologies revealed that N. excelsior clustered together with the species in genus Rattus, indicating their closer phylogenetic relationship. ..
  50. Lupi O. Could ectoparasites act as vectors for prion diseases?. Int J Dermatol. 2003;42:425-9 pubmed
  51. Sorensen J, Turnbull C, Dearing M. A specialist herbivore (Neotoma stephensi) absorbs fewer plant toxins than does a generalist (Neotoma albigula). Physiol Biochem Zool. 2004;77:139-48 pubmed
    ..However, specialist woodrats excreted 40% more alpha-pinene per unit ingested from a juniper diet and excreted nearly four times a greater percentage of an oral dose of alpha-pinene compared with generalists. ..
  52. Durden L, Polur R, Nims T, Banks C, Oliver J. Ectoparasites and other epifaunistic arthropods of sympatric cotton mice and golden mice: comparisons and implications for vector-borne zoonotic diseases. J Parasitol. 2004;90:1293-7 pubmed
    ..These data support the hypothesis that the cotton mouse has greater epidemiological importance for zoonotic vector-borne pathogen transmission than does the golden mouse...
  53. Ruedas L, Salazar Bravo J, Tinnin D, Armien B, Caceres L, Garcia A, et al. Community ecology of small mammal populations in Panamá following an outbreak of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. J Vector Ecol. 2004;29:177-91 pubmed
    ..were captured, of which 126 were potential small, non-volant mammal hosts of a hantavirus: rodents in the family Muridae. There were significant differences in small mammal community structure between case sites and a negative control ..
  54. Maslak S, Gouat P. Short-term contact elicits heterospecific behavioral discrimination of individual odors in mound-building mice (Mus spicilegus). J Comp Psychol. 2002;116:357-62 pubmed
  55. Machado Silva J, Neves R, Ormond L, Hulstijn M, Gomes D. [Characterization of Schistosoma mansoni strains by morphometry of adult worms derived from single-sex infection]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2003;36:755-7 pubmed
    ..05) regarding suckers, testicular lobes, ovary and thickness of the tegument. Data show that morphometric study of unisexual infection worms can be also used for characterization of Schistosoma mansoni strains...
  56. Elshazly A, Awad S, Azab M, Elsheikha H, Abdel Gawad A, Khalil H, et al. Helminthes of synanthropic rodents (Rodentia: Muridae) from Dakahlia and Menoufia, Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2008;38:727-40 pubmed
    ..Given the zoonotic potential of rodents' parasites and since several residential, commercial, and agricultural sites exist in the examined geographic areas, the potential health risk should not be ignored...
  57. Theron A, Sire C, Rognon A, Prugnolle F, Durand P. Molecular ecology of Schistosoma mansoni transmission inferred from the genetic composition of larval and adult infrapopulations within intermediate and definitive hosts. Parasitology. 2004;129:571-85 pubmed
  58. Martínez Gordillo D, Rojas Soto O, Espinosa de los Monteros A. Ecological niche modelling as an exploratory tool for identifying species limits: an example based on Mexican muroid rodents. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:259-70 pubmed publisher
    ..g. phylogenetic, cohesive, evolutionary). Even so, the role of the niche partition within phylogenetic reconstruction may be a limited one...
  59. Muller H, Zahner H. Lethal LPS-independent side effects after microfilaricidal treatment in Acanthocheilonema viteae-infected rodents. Parasitol Res. 2005;97:201-8 pubmed
    ..Thus the final morbific agent seems NO. The data show that adverse effects after effective microfilaricidal therapy may be caused by microfilariae derived components different from Wolbachia-released LPS...
  60. Galsworthy M, Amrein I, Kuptsov P, Poletaeva I, Zinn P, Rau A, et al. A comparison of wild-caught wood mice and bank voles in the Intellicage: assessing exploration, daily activity patterns and place learning paradigms. Behav Brain Res. 2005;157:211-7 pubmed
  61. Naya D, Bacigalupe L, Bustamante D, Bozinovic F. Dynamic digestive responses to increased energy demands in the leaf-eared mouse (Phyllotis darwini). J Comp Physiol B. 2005;175:31-6 pubmed
  62. Satoh K, Iwaku F. Jaw muscle functional anatomy in northern grasshopper mouse, Onychomys leucogaster, a carnivorous murid. J Morphol. 2006;267:987-99 pubmed
    ..e., the anterior fibers of the masseter deep layer, accompanying jaw opening, and increases the maximum gape necessary for hunting large prey...
  63. Kuder T, Nowak E, Szczurkowski A, Kuchinka J. A comparative study on cardiac ganglia in midday gerbil, Egyptian spiny mouse, chinchilla laniger and pigeon. Anat Histol Embryol. 2003;32:134-40 pubmed
    ..The arrangement of neurones in cardiac ganglia of all examined mammals was uniform over the whole surface of the sections, while in the pigeon, neurones were located mainly in the peripheral part of the ganglion...
  64. Gilmour G, Gaillard F, Watson J, Kuny S, Mema S, Bonfield S, et al. The electroretinogram (ERG) of a diurnal cone-rich laboratory rodent, the Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus). Vision Res. 2008;48:2723-31 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that A. niloticus might complement rats and mice for studying retinal function and pathologies involving cones...
  65. González X, Aboal J, Fernandez J, Carballeira A. Heavy metal transfers between trophic compartments in different ecosystems in galicia (northwest Spain): essential elements. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2008;55:691-700 pubmed publisher
  66. Shakya S, Srivastava A, Misra Bhattacharya S. Adult Brugia malayi mitochondrial and nuclear fractions impart Th1-associated sizeable protection against infective larval challenges in Mastomys coucha. J Helminthol. 2009;83:83-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that both NR and MT contain proinflammatory molecules which evoke a protective Th1 type of immune response...
  67. Asano A, Jin H, Watanabe T. Mouse Mx2 gene: organization, mRNA expression and the role of the interferon-response promoter in its regulation. Gene. 2003;306:105-13 pubmed
    ..These results indicate the similarity of the mechanisms of mRNA induction among Mx genes...
  68. Ishih A, Sekijima T, Asakawa M, Tenora F, Uchikawa R. Hymenolepis pseudodiminuta Tenora et al. 1994 from Apodemus speciosus and H. diminuta: a comparison of experimental infections in rats. Parasitol Res. 2003;89:297-301 pubmed
    ..diminuta. No detectable IgE antibodies were found in the uninfected and H. diminuta-infected rat groups; however total IgE was detected in H. pseudodiminuta-infected rats but the concentrations were variable between individuals...
  69. Bush E, Buesching C, Slade E, Macdonald D. Woodland recovery after suppression of deer: cascade effects for small mammals, wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and bank voles (Myodes glareolus). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31404 pubmed publisher
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    ..In sum, we demonstrate through this comparative study that much is to be learnt from studying the dynamics of fluctuating small rodents-a focal issue within much of population ecology...
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    ..The differences of cranial FA level among the studied species of rodents agree with their systematic position and the sequence of their evolutionary divergence...
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    ..Both of these new species parasitize murine rodents that are endemic to Sulawesi; G. bunomydis was collected mainly from Bunomys chrysocomus and G. margaretamydis only from Margaretamys parvus...
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