lemur

Summary

Summary: A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.

Top Publications

  1. Campbell J, Eisemann J, Williams C, Glenn K. Description of the gastrointestinal tract of five lemur species: Propithecus tattersalli, Propithecus verreauxi coquereli, Varecia variegata, Hapalemur griseus, and Lemur catta. Am J Primatol. 2000;52:133-42 pubmed
    ..of this project was to better define the similarities and differences in gastrointestinal morphology present in lemur species...
  2. Karanth K, Delefosse T, Rakotosamimanana B, Parsons T, Yoder A. Ancient DNA from giant extinct lemurs confirms single origin of Malagasy primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:5090-5 pubmed
    ..By correlating the geographic location of subfossil specimens with relative amplification success, we reconfirm the global trend of increased success rates of ancient DNA recovery from nontropical localities. ..
  3. Delpero M, Pozzi L, Masters J. A composite molecular phylogeny of living lemuroid primates. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2006;77:434-45 pubmed
    ..3,600 bp to investigate the controversial relationships within the family Lemuridae. Here our analysis was more successful; only the position of Eulemur coronatus remained uncertain...
  4. Drea C, Weil A. External genital morphology of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta): females are naturally "masculinized". J Morphol. 2008;269:451-63 pubmed
    ..The subjects for morphological study were 21 reproductively intact, adult ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), including 10 females and 11 males, two of which (one per sex) subsequently died of natural causes and also ..
  5. Lehman S, Rajaonson A, Day S. Edge effects and their influence on lemur density and distribution in Southeast Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2006;129:232-41 pubmed
    ..In total, 415 lemur surveys were conducted during June-October 2003 and May-September 2004 along six 1,250-m transects that ran ..
  6. Markolf M, Brameier M, Kappeler P. On species delimitation: yet another lemur species or just genetic variation?. BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:216 pubmed publisher
    ..Several recently described lemur species are based solely on evidence of genetic distance and diagnostic characters of mitochondrial DNA sequences ..
  7. Dausmann K, Glos J, Linsenmair K, Ganzhorn J. Improved recruitment of a lemur-dispersed tree in Malagasy dry forests after the demise of vertebrates in forest fragments. Oecologia. 2008;157:307-16 pubmed publisher
    ..the dry forest of Madagascar, where the usual seed dispersers and vertebrate seed predators were absent, using a lemur-dispersed tree species (Strychnos madagascariensis; Loganiaceae) as an example...
  8. Norscia I, Antonacci D, Palagi E. Mating first, mating more: biological market fluctuation in a wild prosimian. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4679 pubmed publisher
    ..prosimians, the most ancestral primate group? To answer the question, we studied a scent-oriented and gregarious lemur, Propithecus verreauxi (sifaka), showing female dominance, promiscuous mating, and seasonal breeding...
  9. Sondgeroth K, Blitvich B, Blair C, Terwee J, Junge R, Sauther M, et al. Assessing flavivirus, lentivirus, and herpesvirus exposure in free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs in southwestern Madagascar. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:40-7 pubmed
    The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is an endangered species found in southwestern Madagascar, and understanding infectious disease susceptibility is an essential step towards the preservation of wild and captive lemur populations...

More Information

Publications75

  1. Barthold J, Fichtel C, Kappeler P. What is it going to be? Pattern and potential function of natal coat change in sexually dichromatic redfronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus). Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;138:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..until the end of the coloration change, we 1) described timing and pattern of pelage developmentin redfronted lemur infants and 2) examined behavioral developmental correlates of the coloration change...
  2. Campbell J, Williams C, Eisemann J. Use of total dietary fiber across four lemur species (Propithecus verreauxi coquereli, Hapalemur griseus griseus, Varecia variegata, and Eulemur fulvus): does fiber type affect digestive efficiency?. Am J Primatol. 2004;64:323-35 pubmed
    In vivo digestibility and transit of two experimental diets were compared across four lemur species for which gastrointestinal morphology and preliminary data on physiology differ:Varecia variegata (VV), Eulemur fulvus (EF), Propithecus ..
  3. Richard A, Dewar R, Schwartz M, Ratsirarson J. Mass change, environmental variability and female fertility in wild Propithecus verreauxi. J Hum Evol. 2000;39:381-91 pubmed
    ..these links is a necessary step toward explaining the function and evolution of distinctive features of lemur biology and behavior...
  4. Kappeler P, Fichtel C. Female reproductive competition in Eulemur rufifrons: eviction and reproductive restraint in a plurally breeding Malagasy primate. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:685-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study therefore also underscores the notion that potential inclusive fitness benefits from living with relatives may have been generally over-rated and should not be taken for granted. ..
  5. Merritt D, Maclean E, Jaffe S, Brannon E. A comparative analysis of serial ordering in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). J Comp Psychol. 2007;121:363-71 pubmed
    ..Lemurs' accuracy and response times were similar to monkeys, thus suggesting that they may share mechanisms for serial organization that dates to a common primate ancestor...
  6. Cuozzo F, Sauther M. Severe wear and tooth loss in wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta): a function of feeding ecology, dental structure, and individual life history. J Hum Evol. 2006;51:490-505 pubmed
    ..The relationship between tooth loss, feeding ecology, dental structure, and individual life history in this population has implications for interpreting behavior based on tooth loss in the hominid fossil record...
  7. Palagi E, Norscia I. Multimodal signaling in wild Lemur catta: economic design and territorial function of urine marking. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;139:182-92 pubmed publisher
    Urine marking has been neglected in prosimian primates. Captive studies showed that the Malagasy prosimian Lemur catta scent marks with urine, as well as via specialized depositions. L...
  8. Palagi E. Adult play fighting and potential role of tail signals in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta). J Comp Psychol. 2009;123:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..I focused on adult play fighting and the role of tail-play as a signal in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
  9. O Neill M, Schmitt D. The gaits of primates: center of mass mechanics in walking, cantering and galloping ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:1728-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examined COM energy, work and power during walking, cantering and galloping in ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta (N=5), over a broad speed range (0.43-2.91 m s(-1))...
  10. Williams C, Glenn K, Levine J, Horne W. Comparison of the efficacy and cardiorespiratory effects of medetomidine-based anesthetic protocols in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2003;34:163-70 pubmed
    ..effects of three injectable anesthetic combinations containing medetomidine were evaluated in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
  11. Huchard E, Albrecht C, Schliehe Diecks S, Baniel A, Roos C, Kappeler P, et al. Large-scale MHC class II genotyping of a wild lemur population by next generation sequencing. Immunogenetics. 2012;64:895-913 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report on large-scale genotyping of the MHC class II loci of the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) from a wild population in western Madagascar...
  12. Gould L, Sussman R, Sauther M. Demographic and life-history patterns in a population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly Reserve, Madagascar: a 15-year perspective. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2003;120:182-94 pubmed
    ..3%. The greatest variability in fecundity is found among old females. We suggest that ring-tailed lemur females follow an "income breeding" strategy, i.e...
  13. King S, Godfrey L, Simons E. Adaptive and phylogenetic significance of ontogenetic sequences in Archaeolemur, subfossil lemur from Madagascar. J Hum Evol. 2001;41:545-76 pubmed
    ..of Archaeolemur to that of living strepsirrhines we collected data on Propithecus verreauxi, Eulemur fulvus, and Lemur catta...
  14. Overdorff D, Merenlender A, Talata P, Telo A, Forward Z. Life history of Eulemur fulvus rufus from 1988-1998 in southeastern Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1999;108:295-310 pubmed
  15. Hamrick M, Simons E, Jungers W. New wrist bones of the Malagasy giant subfossil lemurs. J Hum Evol. 2000;38:635-50 pubmed
    ..Comparative analysis of subfossil lemur wrist morphology complements and expands upon prior inferences based on other regions of the postcranial skeleton, ..
  16. Pozzi L, Gamba M, Giacoma C. The use of Artificial Neural Networks to classify primate vocalizations: A pilot study on black lemurs. Am J Primatol. 2010;72:337-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of neural networks to identify primate vocalizations and the further development of this approach in studying primate communication are discussed...
  17. Nowack J, Mzilikazi N, Dausmann K. Torpor on demand: heterothermy in the non-lemur primate Galago moholi. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10797 pubmed publisher
  18. Drea C. Sex and seasonal differences in aggression and steroid secretion in Lemur catta: are socially dominant females hormonally 'masculinized'?. Horm Behav. 2007;51:555-67 pubmed
    ..Consequently, I examined endocrine profiles and social interaction in the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta) to search for a potential source of circulating androgen in adult females and an endocrine correlate ..
  19. Go Y, Satta Y, Kawamoto Y, Rakotoarisoa G, Randrianjafy A, Koyama N, et al. Frequent segmental sequence exchanges and rapid gene duplication characterize the MHC class I genes in lemurs. Immunogenetics. 2003;55:450-61 pubmed
    ..loci was very small and the persistence time of the polymorphisms was short, suggesting that the origin of the lemur MHC class I genes detected in this study was relatively recent...
  20. Delmore K, Louis E, Johnson S. Morphological characterization of a brown lemur hybrid zone (Eulemur rufifrons × E. cinereiceps). Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011;145:55-66 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we characterized a hybrid zone between two species of brown lemur (Eulemur rufifrons and E...
  21. Zordan M, Tirado M, Lopez C. Hepatic capillariasis in captive ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:430-3 pubmed
    A female ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) and her two cubs held in a zoo in Chile exhibited signs of severe hepatic insufficiency. In spite of supportive treatment, the three animals died a few days after the onset of signs...
  22. Koyama N, Nakamichi M, Ichino S, Takahata Y. Population and social dynamics changes in ring-tailed lemur troops at Berenty, Madagascar between 1989 - 1999. Primates. 2002;43:291-314 pubmed
    ..When males joined such a female-group, a new troop was formed. Although promoted by an increase in population, frequent emigrations of females from original troops are the characteristics of ring-tailed lemurs at Berenty...
  23. Santos L, Mahajan N, Barnes J. How prosimian primates represent tools: experiments with two lemur species (Eulemur fulvus and Lemur catta). J Comp Psychol. 2005;119:394-403 pubmed
    The authors examined how 2 lemur species (Eulemur fulvus and Lemur catta) reason about tools. Experiment 1 allowed subjects to use 1 of 2 canes to retrieve an inaccessible food reward...
  24. Cavigelli S, Dubovick T, Levash W, Jolly A, Pitts A. Female dominance status and fecal corticoids in a cooperative breeder with low reproductive skew: ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Horm Behav. 2003;43:166-79 pubmed
    ..e., where reproduction is not limited to dominant group members): ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
  25. Rushmore J, Leonhardt S, Drea C. Sight or scent: lemur sensory reliance in detecting food quality varies with feeding ecology. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41558 pubmed publisher
    ..Propithecus coquereli), frugivorous ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata spp), and generalist ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
  26. Jolly A. Coat condition of ringtailed lemurs, Lemur catta at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar: I. Differences by age, sex, density and tourism, 1996-2006. Am J Primatol. 2009;71:191-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Coat condition in ringtailed lemurs, Lemur catta, was recorded during September-November birth seasons of 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2001-2006 at Berenty Reserve, ..
  27. Sclafani V, Norscia I, Antonacci D, Palagi E. Scratching around mating: factors affecting anxiety in wild Lemur catta. Primates. 2012;53:247-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigated the fluctuation of scratching in Lemur catta during the mating season...
  28. Drea C. Endocrine correlates of pregnancy in the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta): implications for the masculinization of daughters. Horm Behav. 2011;59:417-27 pubmed publisher
    Female ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) are Malagasy primates that are size monomorphic with males, socially dominate males, and exhibit a long, pendulous clitoris, channeled by the urethra...
  29. Parga J, Sauther M, Cuozzo F, Jacky I, Lawler R. Evaluating ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) from southwestern Madagascar for a genetic population bottleneck. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012;147:21-9 pubmed publisher
    ..light of historical and recent anthropogenic influences on Malagasy primate populations, in this study ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) samples from two sites in southwestern Madagascar, Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve (BMSR) and ..
  30. Campbell J, Williams C, Eisemann J. Characterizing gastrointestinal transit time in four lemur species using barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS). Am J Primatol. 2004;64:309-21 pubmed
    Differences in dietary profiles and gastrointestinal (GI) morphologies observed across lemur species suggest that there may be variation in patterns of digesta flow through the GI tract related to the method of digesta processing...
  31. Horvath J, Weisrock D, Embry S, Fiorentino I, Balhoff J, Kappeler P, et al. Development and application of a phylogenomic toolkit: resolving the evolutionary history of Madagascar's lemurs. Genome Res. 2008;18:489-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the methods applied will be broadly applicable to other taxonomic groups where phylogenetic relationships have been notoriously difficult to resolve...
  32. Britt A. Diet and feeding behaviour of the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata variegata) in the Betampona Reserve, eastern Madagascar. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2000;71:133-41 pubmed
    The feeding behaviour and diet of the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata variegata) was investigated in the Betampona Reserve, eastern Madagascar...
  33. Koyama N, Aimi M, Kawamoto Y, Hirai H, Go Y, Ichino S, et al. Body mass of wild ring-tailed lemurs in Berenty Reserve, Madagascar, with reference to tick infestation: a preliminary analysis. Primates. 2008;49:9-15 pubmed
    In 1999, we measured the body mass of 101 wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) inhabiting the Berenty Reserve, Madagascar...
  34. Kappeler P, Mass V, Port M. Even adult sex ratios in lemurs: Potential costs and benefits of subordinate males in Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) in the Kirindy Forest CFPF, Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;140:487-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Verreaux's sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi), a diurnal lemur, form multimale multifemale groups with the tendency toward even adult sex ratios despite a small average number ..
  35. Yoder A, Rasoloarison R, Goodman S, Irwin J, Atsalis S, Ravosa M, et al. Remarkable species diversity in Malagasy mouse lemurs (primates, Microcebus). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:11325-30 pubmed
    ..This taxonomic revision doubles the number of recognized mouse lemur species...
  36. Palagi E, Dapporto L. Females do it better. Individual recognition experiments reveal sexual dimorphism in Lemur catta (Linnaeus 1758) olfactory motivation and territorial defence. J Exp Biol. 2007;210:2700-5 pubmed
    In this paper, we aim at demonstrating individual recognition of female genital marking in Lemur catta. By gas chromatography and behavioural trials we verified the occurrence of the three components of recognition systems...
  37. Knapp L, Robson J, Waterhouse J. Olfactory signals and the MHC: a review and a case study in Lemur catta. Am J Primatol. 2006;68:568-84 pubmed
    ..To explore the relationship between individual odor profiles and MHC alleles, we are studying ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
  38. Yamashita N. Food procurement and tooth use in two sympatric lemur species. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2003;121:125-33 pubmed
    This study of two lemur species (Lemur catta and Propithecus v. verreauxi) in Madagascar combines observations of food procurement and initial food placement in the mouth with comparisons to food toughness and external properties...
  39. Schwensow N, Dausmann K, Eberle M, Fietz J, Sommer S. Functional associations of similar MHC alleles and shared parasite species in two sympatric lemurs. Infect Genet Evol. 2010;10:662-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we took advantage of the parasitological and genetic data of two previously investigated Malagasy lemur species (Cheirogaleus medius and Microcebus murinus)...
  40. Pastorini J, Thalmann U, Martin R. A molecular approach to comparative phylogeography of extant Malagasy lemurs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:5879-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates genetic divergence among most extant lemur taxa in relation to potential geographical boundaries to gene flow...
  41. Horvath J, Willard H. Primate comparative genomics: lemur biology and evolution. Trends Genet. 2007;23:173-82 pubmed
    ..Combining research in chromosome evolution, genome evolution and behavior with lemur comparative genomic sequencing will offer insights into many levels of primate evolution...
  42. Ethan Pride R. High faecal glucocorticoid levels predict mortality in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Biol Lett. 2005;1:60-3 pubmed
    ..In this study I followed 93 ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Berenty Reserve in Madagascar, collecting 1089 faecal samples from individually recognized animals, and ..
  43. Kelley E. The ranging behavior of Lemur catta in the region of Cap Sainte-Marie, Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2013;150:122-32 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the most comparable extant strepsirhine, Lemur catta, is characterized as having small home ranges with consistent boundaries...
  44. Gould L, Ziegler T. Variation in fecal testosterone levels, inter-male aggression, dominance rank and age during mating and post-mating periods in wild adult male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Am J Primatol. 2007;69:1325-39 pubmed
  45. Charpentier M, Boulet M, Drea C. Smelling right: the scent of male lemurs advertises genetic quality and relatedness. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:3225-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Beyond showing that semiochemicals could underlie kin recognition and nepotism, we provide a putative olfactory mechanism to guide male-male competition and female mate choice...
  46. Yamashita N. Functional dental correlates of food properties in five Malagasy lemur species. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1998;106:169-88 pubmed
    ..The diets of five Malagasy lemur taxa were described in terms of two mechanical properties, hardness and shear strength, in an earlier study (..
  47. Jekielek J, Strobeck C. Characterization of polymorphic brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus) microsatellite loci and their amplification in the family Lemuridae. Mol Ecol. 1999;8:901-3 pubmed
  48. Go Y, Satta Y, Kawamoto Y, Rakotoarisoa G, Randrianjafy A, Koyama N, et al. Mhc-DRB genes evolution in lemurs. Immunogenetics. 2002;54:403-17 pubmed
    Partial exon 2 sequences (202 bp) of the lemur Mhc-DRB genes were sequenced. A total of 137 novel sequences were detected in 66 lemurs, representing four out of the five extant families...
  49. Godfrey L, Jungers W, Wunderlich R, Richmond B. Reappraisal of the postcranium of Hadropithecus (Primates, Indroidea). Am J Phys Anthropol. 1997;103:529-56 pubmed
    Hadropithecus stenognathus (Lorenz von Liburnau [1899] Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 36:255-257), a giant extinct lemur from Madagascar, has been reconstructed as primarily terrestrial and probably cursorial on the basis of its postcranial ..
  50. Scordato E, Dubay G, Drea C. Chemical composition of scent marks in the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta): glandular differences, seasonal variation, and individual signatures. Chem Senses. 2007;32:493-504 pubmed
    The apocrine and sebaceous scent glands of ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta) appear to serve different social functions...
  51. Shepherd S, Platt M. Spontaneous social orienting and gaze following in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Anim Cogn. 2008;11:13-20 pubmed
    ..We used a novel telemetric gaze-tracking system to record orienting behavior of ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta) interacting with a naturalistic environment...
  52. Gifford R, Katzourakis A, Tristem M, Pybus O, Winters M, Shafer R. A transitional endogenous lentivirus from the genome of a basal primate and implications for lentivirus evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:20362-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report the discovery of an endogenous lentivirus in the genome of the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), a strepsirrhine primate from Madagascar, demonstrating that lentiviruses are capable of ..
  53. Boulet M, Crawford J, Charpentier M, Drea C. Honest olfactory ornamentation in a female-dominant primate. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:1558-63 pubmed publisher
    ..As odour-gene relationships predictive of health and survivorship emerged during a period critical to mate choice and female competition, we posit that genital scent marks function as honest olfactory ornaments in females...
  54. Luzón M, de la Fuente López C, Martinez Nevado E, Fernández Morán J, Ponce Gordo F. Taenia crassiceps cysticercosis in a ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010;41:327-30 pubmed
    ..Subcutaneous and intraperitoneal cysticercosis due to Taenia crassiceps was diagnosed in a 5-yr-old male ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) in the Madrid Zoo-Aquarium (Madrid, Spain)...
  55. Craul M, Zimmermann E, Rasoloharijaona S, Randrianambinina B, Radespiel U. Unexpected species diversity of Malagasy primates (Lepilemur spp.) in the same biogeographical zone: a morphological and molecular approach with the description of two new species. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:83 pubmed
    ..biogeographic models by exploring the genetic and morphological divergence among populations of a widely distributed lemur genus, the sportive lemur (Lepilemur ssp.) along a 560 km long transect from western to northern Madagascar.
  56. Palagi E, Dapporto L. Beyond odor discrimination: demonstrating individual recognition by scent in Lemur catta. Chem Senses. 2006;31:437-43 pubmed
    ..the basis of this framework, we analyzed by gas chromatography 35 brachial secretions collected from 10 males of Lemur catta...
  57. Perez V, Godfrey L, Nowak Kemp M, Burney D, Ratsimbazafy J, Vasey N. Evidence of early butchery of giant lemurs in Madagascar. J Hum Evol. 2005;49:722-42 pubmed
    ..We compared these to the bones (also from Taolambiby) of butchered Propithecus verreauxi, a lemur still living in the region...
  58. Yamashita N, Cuozzo F, Sauther M. Interpreting food processing through dietary mechanical properties: a Lemur catta case study. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012;148:205-14 pubmed publisher
    ..we examine how Tamarindus indica fruits can affect dental morphology in a population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly special reserve in southwestern Madagascar...
  59. Boulet M, Charpentier M, Drea C. Decoding an olfactory mechanism of kin recognition and inbreeding avoidance in a primate. BMC Evol Biol. 2009;9:281 pubmed publisher
    ..approach that combined analyses of biochemical and microsatellite markers in 17 female and 19 male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), we describe odor-gene covariance to establish the feasibility of olfactory-mediated kin recognition.
  60. Starling A, Charpentier M, Fitzpatrick C, Scordato E, Drea C. Seasonality, sociality, and reproduction: Long-term stressors of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Horm Behav. 2010;57:76-85 pubmed publisher
    ..the long-term stressors in adult members of a female-dominant, seasonally breeding species - the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) - we first validated fecal samples against serum samples and then examined the relationship between ..
  61. Junge R, Louis E. Biomedical evaluation of two sympatric lemur species (Propithecus verreauxi deckeni and Eulemur fulvus rufus) in Tsiombokibo Classified Forest, Madagascar. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2005;36:581-9 pubmed
    ..Enteric bacterial flora included Escherichia coli, Citrobacter ssp., Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella ozaenae, Acinetobacter lwofii, and Enterobacter amnigenus...
  62. Burney D, Burney L, Godfrey L, Jungers W, Goodman S, Wright H, et al. A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar. J Hum Evol. 2004;47:25-63 pubmed
    ..cf. edwardsi) may have survived until the middle of the Second Millennium A.D. One specimen of Hippopotamus of unknown provenance dates to the period of European colonization...
  63. Perry G, Reeves D, Melsted P, Ratan A, Miller W, Michelini K, et al. A genome sequence resource for the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis), a nocturnal lemur from Madagascar. Genome Biol Evol. 2012;4:126-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the availability of this draft lemur genome sequence allowed us to polarize nucleotide and protein sequence changes to the ancestral primate lineage-a ..
  64. Curtis D. Diet and nutrition in wild mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz) and their implications for the evolution of female dominance and small group size in lemurs. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2004;124:234-47 pubmed
  65. Yoder A, Yang Z. Divergence dates for Malagasy lemurs estimated from multiple gene loci: geological and evolutionary context. Mol Ecol. 2004;13:757-73 pubmed
    ..For the mitochondrial DNA data set, we investigate the effects of sampling density within the mouse lemur radiation (genus Microcebus)...
  66. Wyner Y, Johnson S, Stumpf R, DeSalle R. Genetic assessment of a white-collared x red-fronted lemur hybrid zone at Andringitra, Madagascar. Am J Primatol. 2002;57:51-66 pubmed
    We examined a purported lemur (Eulemur fulvus rufusxE...