strepsirhini

Summary

Summary: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.

Top Publications

  1. Lebrun R, de León M, Tafforeau P, Zollikofer C. Deep evolutionary roots of strepsirrhine primate labyrinthine morphology. J Anat. 2010;216:368-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The inner ear of Daubentonia, one of the most derived extant strepsirrhines, is autapomorphic in many respects, but also presents unique similarities with adapine labyrinths...
  2. Elston G, Benavides Piccione R, Elston A, Zietsch B, DeFelipe J, Manger P, et al. Specializations of the granular prefrontal cortex of primates: implications for cognitive processing. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2006;288:26-35 pubmed
    ..In particular, the highly branched, spinous neurons in the human gPFC may be a key component of human intelligence...
  3. Lewis R, Kappeler P. Seasonality, body condition, and timing of reproduction in Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi in the Kirindy Forest. Am J Primatol. 2005;67:347-64 pubmed
    ..Thus, we conclude that sifaka follow the "classic" reproductive strategy (sensu van Schaik and van Noordwijk [Journal of Zoology (London) 206:533-549, 1985])...
  4. Thalmann U, Geissmann T. New species of woolly lemur Avahi (primates: lemuriformes) in Bemaraha (Central Western Madagascar). Am J Primatol. 2005;67:371-6 pubmed
  5. Godfrey L, Jungers W, Burney D, Vasey N, Ramilisonina -, Wheeler W, et al. New discoveries of skeletal elements of Hadropithecus stenognathus from Andrahomana Cave, southeastern Madagascar. J Hum Evol. 2006;51:395-410 pubmed
    ..Nothing in its postcranial anatomy signals a close relationship to either the Indriidae or the Palaeopropithecidae...
  6. Jameson N, Hou Z, Sterner K, Weckle A, Goodman M, Steiper M, et al. Genomic data reject the hypothesis of a prosimian primate clade. J Hum Evol. 2011;61:295-305 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide the framework on which primate morphological, reproductive, and genomic features can be reconstructed in the broader context of mammalian phylogeny...
  7. Lawler R. Fitness and extra-group reproduction in male Verreaux's sifaka: An analysis of reproductive success from 1989-1999. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;132:267-77 pubmed
    ..EGFs contribute an important source of variation to male fitness, and numerous factors enhance the opportunities for EGFs in male sifaka. These include female choice, a high degree of home range overlap, and a limited mating season...
  8. Lewis R. Sex differences in scent-marking in sifaka: Mating conflict or male services?. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;128:389-98 pubmed
    ..Scent-marking behavior is a crucial aspect of the mating conflict and for understanding intersexual relationships in sifaka...
  9. Pochron S, Morelli T, Terranova P, Scirbona J, Cohen J, Kunapareddy G, et al. Patterns of male scent-marking in Propithecus edwardsi of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Am J Primatol. 2005;65:103-15 pubmed
    ..Since scent-marking behavior tracked seasons and varied with both dominance and natal status, it may serve multiple functions in males...

More Information

Publications92

  1. Benoit J, Essid E, Marzougui W, Khayati Ammar H, Lebrun R, Tabuce R, et al. New insights into the ear region anatomy and cranial blood supply of advanced stem Strepsirhini: evidence from three primate petrosals from the Eocene of Chambi, Tunisia. J Hum Evol. 2013;65:551-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Algeripithecus likely moved (at least its head) in a way similar to that of modern mouse lemurs. ..
  2. Warter S, Hauwy M, Dutrillaux B, Rumpler Y. Application of molecular cytogenetics for chromosomal evolution of the Lemuriformes (Prosimians). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108:197-203 pubmed
    ..Conserved syntenies previously described in various mammalian orders were also conserved, while others were specific to the Lemuriformes...
  3. Lemelin P, Hamrick M, Richmond B, Godfrey L, Jungers W, Burney D. New hand bones of Hadropithecus stenognathus: implications for the paleobiology of the Archaeolemuridae. J Hum Evol. 2008;54:405-13 pubmed
    ..These unusual hand features reinforce the monophyly of the Archaeolemuridae...
  4. Rumpler Y, Andriaholinirina N, Warter S, Hauwy M, Rabarivola C. Phylogenetic history of the Sifakas ( Propithecus: Lemuriformes) derived from cytogenetic studies. Chromosome Res. 2004;12:453-63 pubmed
    ..verreauxi, three for P. tattersalli and Indri, and three for P. tattersalli and P. diadema. No branch is common to two species of Propithecus...
  5. Norscia I, Antonacci D, Palagi E. Mating first, mating more: biological market fluctuation in a wild prosimian. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4679 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, males maximize their reproduction probability by adopting a double tactic and by following market fluctuations...
  6. Fang P, Stepniewska I, Kaas J. Corpus callosum connections of subdivisions of motor and premotor cortex, and frontal eye field in a prosimian primate, Otolemur garnetti. J Comp Neurol. 2008;508:565-78 pubmed publisher
    ..The sparse interhemispheric connections of the forelimb sector of M1 suggests that the control of each forelimb is largely from the contralateral M1 in galagos, as in other primates...
  7. Orlando L, Calvignac S, Schnebelen C, Douady C, Godfrey L, Hänni C. DNA from extinct giant lemurs links archaeolemurids to extant indriids. BMC Evol Biol. 2008;8:121 pubmed publisher
  8. delBarco Trillo J, Burkert B, Goodwin T, Drea C. Night and day: the comparative study of strepsirrhine primates reveals socioecological and phylogenetic patterns in olfactory signals. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:82-98 pubmed publisher
  9. Lewis R. Chest staining variation as a signal of testosterone levels in male Verreaux's Sifaka. Physiol Behav. 2009;96:586-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the activity of the sternal gland is regulated by testosterone and that sexual selection has shaped male morphological variation in Verreaux's sifaka...
  10. Fredsted T, Villessen P. Fast and reliable sexing of prosimian and human DNA. Am J Primatol. 2004;64:345-50 pubmed
    ..A single PCR yields two fragments in males and only one in females, which are easily separated with the use of agarose gels. Amplification of separable fragments was successful in seven species of lemurs, as well as humans...
  11. Atzeva M, Demes B, Kirkbride M, Burrows A, Smith T. Comparison of hind limb muscle mass in neonate and adult prosimian primates. J Hum Evol. 2007;52:231-42 pubmed
    ..Ratios of muscle mass over body mass are smaller in all neonates than in their adult counterparts, suggesting that the neonates are relatively poorly muscled, and that muscle mass must increase with positive allometry during growth...
  12. Shapiro L, Seiffert C, Godfrey L, Jungers W, Simons E, Randria G. Morphometric analysis of lumbar vertebrae in extinct Malagasy strepsirrhines. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;128:823-39 pubmed
    ..Reconstructions of positional behavior in subfossil lemurs based on lumbar vertebrae are largely consistent with those based on other aspects of the postcrania...
  13. Axel A, Maurer B. Lemurs in a complex landscape: mapping species density in subtropical dry forests of southwestern Madagascar using data at multiple levels. Am J Primatol. 2011;73:38-52 pubmed publisher
  14. Highfill L, Hanbury D, Kristiansen R, Kuczaj S, Watson S. Rating vs. coding in animal personality research. Zoo Biol. 2010;29:509-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, it is important that the nature of the rater's interactions with the target animals be considered when using the rating method to assess animal personality. ..
  15. Winchester J, Boyer D, St Clair E, Gosselin Ildari A, Cooke S, Ledogar J. Dental topography of platyrrhines and prosimians: convergence and contrasts. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2014;153:29-44 pubmed publisher
  16. Geissmann T, Mutschler T. Diurnal distribution of loud calls in sympatric wild indris (Indri indri) and ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata): implications for call functions. Primates. 2006;47:393-6 pubmed
    ..These differences in distribution pattern support earlier claims that indri song bouts are more likely to serve territorial functions, whereas ruffed lemur loud calls may serve both spacing and/or alarm call functions...
  17. Jacobs R, MacFie T, Spriggs A, Baden A, Morelli T, Irwin M, et al. Novel opsin gene variation in large-bodied, diurnal lemurs. Biol Lett. 2017;13: pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, we identified at least three opsin alleles in Indri with peak spectral sensitivities similar to some New World monkeys. ..
  18. Higurashi Y, Taniguchi Y, Kumakura H. Density of muscle spindles in prosimian shoulder muscles reflects locomotor adaptation. Cells Tissues Organs. 2006;184:96-101 pubmed
    ..The mean relative weight and the mean spindle density in the shoulder muscles of the ring-tailed lemur were between those of the other primates, suggesting that the spindle density is not simply a consequence of taxonomic status...
  19. Pérez Maya A, Wallis M, Barrera Saldaña H. Structure and evolution of the gorilla and orangutan growth hormone loci. Mamm Genome. 2016;27:511-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of transcriptomic databases derived from gorilla tissues establishes that the gGH-N, gGH-V and several gCSH genes are expressed, but the significance of the many CSH genes in gorilla remains unclear. ..
  20. Catlett K, Schwartz G, Godfrey L, Jungers W. "Life history space": a multivariate analysis of life history variation in extant and extinct Malagasy lemurs. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;142:391-404 pubmed publisher
    ..We also provide some evidence that, among lemurs, brain size predicts reproductive rate better than body size. ..
  21. Kaufman J, Ahrens E, Laidlaw D, Zhang S, Allman J. Anatomical analysis of an aye-aye brain (Daubentonia madagascariensis, primates: Prosimii) combining histology, structural magnetic resonance imaging, and diffusion-tensor imaging. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2005;287:1026-37 pubmed
    ..These results represent the first quantitative comparison of DTI data and fiber-stained histology in the brain. ..
  22. Ram Y, Ross C. Evaluating the triplet hypothesis during rhythmic mastication in primates. J Exp Biol. 2018;221: pubmed publisher
    ..Instead, the primate masticatory motor pattern is malleable within individual cycles, within individual animals and therefore within species. ..
  23. Anderson J, Gallup G. Mirror self-recognition: a review and critique of attempts to promote and engineer self-recognition in primates. Primates. 2015;56:317-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite intensive efforts to demonstrate self-recognition in other primates, we conclude that to date there is no compelling evidence that prosimians, monkeys, or lesser apes-gibbons and siamangs-are capable of mirror self-recognition. ..
  24. Garrett E, Dennis J, Bhatnagar K, Durham E, Burrows A, Bonar C, et al. The vomeronasal complex of nocturnal strepsirhines and implications for the ancestral condition in primates. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013;296:1881-94 pubmed publisher
  25. Masters J, Silvestro D, Genin F, DelPero M. Seeing the wood through the trees: the current state of higher systematics in the Strepsirhini. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2013;84:201-19 pubmed publisher
    ..The apparently contemporaneous divergence of African and non-daubentoniid Malagasy families 40-30 million years ago may be related to regional plume-induced uplift followed by a global period of cooling and drying. ..
  26. Bronikowski A, Altmann J, Brockman D, Cords M, Fedigan L, Pusey A, et al. Aging in the natural world: comparative data reveal similar mortality patterns across primates. Science. 2011;331:1325-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that mortality patterns in primates are shaped by local selective forces rather than phylogenetic history...
  27. Hylander W, Wall C, Vinyard C, Ross C, Ravosa M, Williams S, et al. Temporalis function in anthropoids and strepsirrhines: an EMG study. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;128:35-56 pubmed
  28. Tecot S, Singletary B, Eadie E. Why "monogamy" isn't good enough. Am J Primatol. 2016;78:340-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Cohesion increases with food abundance and both sexes reinforce bonds. We indicate where additional data will help to more rigorously test the RDH for each trait and encourage others to test alternative hypotheses. ..
  29. Simmen B, Bayart F, Rasamimanana H, Zahariev A, Blanc S, Pasquet P. Total energy expenditure and body composition in two free-living sympatric lemurs. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9860 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, additional seasonal data are required to provide a definitive conclusion. ..
  30. Charles Smith L, Cowen P, Schopler R. Environmental and physiological factors contributing to outbreaks of cryptosporidium in Coquerel's sifaka (Propithecus coquereli) at the Duke Lemur Center: 1999-2007. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010;41:438-44 pubmed
    ..These findings present new information regarding cryptosporidiosis in captive prosimians. ..
  31. Hanna J, Schmitt D. Locomotor energetics in primates: gait mechanics and their relationship to the energetics of vertical and horizontal locomotion. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011;145:43-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Science 320 (2008) 898) that similar costs of horizontal and vertical locomotion in small primates facilitated the successful occupation of a fine-branch arboreal milieu by the earliest primates. ..
  32. Klompen H, Junge R, Williams C. Ectoparasites of Propithecus diadema (Primates: Indriidae) With Notes on Unusual Attachment Site Selection by Haemaphysalis lemuris (Parasitiformes: Ixodidae). J Med Entomol. 2015;52:315-9 pubmed publisher
    ..H. lemuris was the most common ectoparasite in one population, while completely absent in a second one. When present, the most common attachment site for H. lemuris males was in the nares of their hosts. ..
  33. Soligo C. Anatomy of the hand and arm in Daubentonia madagascariensis : a functional and phylogenetic outlook. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2005;76:262-300 pubmed
    ..Implications for the interpretation of suggested convergences between the aye-aye, the diprotodont marsupial Dactylopsila palpator and the early Tertiary apatemyid genus Heterohyus are discussed. ..
  34. Gao J, An D, Liu Y, Li Y, Dai R. Complete mitochondrial genome of the golden-crowned sifaka, Propithecus tattersalli (Primates: Indriidae). Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2016;27:2931-2 pubmed publisher
    ..tattersalli exhibits most close relationship with P. coquereli. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence presented here will be useful for further phylogenetic analysis and conservation genetic studies in P. tattersalli. ..
  35. Surendra M, Motabagani M. Comparative morphology of the pars ventralis nucelus of lateral geniculate complex in some prosimian and simian primates. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2004;109:135-54 pubmed
    ..Whereas the fate of pars dorsalis in the higher mammalian series, is a history of progressive elaboration which proceeds simultaneously with the development of the visual cortex of the cerebrum...
  36. Lewis R, Kappeler P. Are Kirindy sifaka capital or income breeders? It depends. Am J Primatol. 2005;67:365-9 pubmed
    ..These conflicting findings highlight why the capital/income framework is currently problematic and must be standardized if it is to be a useful framework for primatologists. ..
  37. Sterling E, Nguyen N, Fashing P. Spatial patterning in nocturnal prosimians: a review of methods and relevance to studies of sociality. Am J Primatol. 2000;51:3-19 pubmed
    ..Without standardization of methods, quantitative comparisons of the findings from different studies are biologically meaningless and prevent cross-species comparisons of space use and its relation to sociality. ..
  38. Quéméré E, Crouau Roy B, Rabarivola C, Louis E, Chikhi L. Landscape genetics of an endangered lemur (Propithecus tattersalli) within its entire fragmented range. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:1606-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Within forest patches, we find that dispersal is mainly among neighbouring social groups, hence confirming previous behavioural observations. ..
  39. Vinyard C, Hanna J. Molar scaling in strepsirrhine primates. J Hum Evol. 2005;49:241-69 pubmed
    ..We hypothesize that this association may be underlain by a partial sharing of the patterning of development between molar and facial skull elements. ..
  40. Godinot M. Lemuriform origins as viewed from the fossil record. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2006;77:446-64 pubmed
    ..A critique of molecular dates is presented in the light of the fossil record. Azibiids are possibly early African prosimians. The timing of the dispersal of primates to Africa and the problem of strepsirhine origins are briefly examined...
  41. Wienberg J. Fluorescence in situ hybridization to chromosomes as a tool to understand human and primate genome evolution. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108:139-60 pubmed
  42. Rehorek S, Smith T. The primate Harderian gland: Does it really exist?. Ann Anat. 2006;188:319-27 pubmed
    ..The enigmatic tarsier appears to possess another apomorphic trait in lacking a Harderian gland. Further study is required to determine the role of this gland and its relationship with the tarsal glands...
  43. Muchlinski M, Godfrey L, Muldoon K, Tongasoa L. Evidence for dietary niche separation based on infraorbital foramen size variation among subfossil lemurs. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2010;81:330-45 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide additional evidence that the IOF can be used as an informative osteological feature in both phylogenetic and paleoecological interpretations of the fossil record...
  44. Brockman D, Cobden A, Whitten P. Birth season glucocorticoids are related to the presence of infants in sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi). Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:1855-63 pubmed publisher
    ..These data are the first to show that in seasonal plural breeding species such as sifaka, elevated fGC in males reflects specific events related to reproduction rather than states or social context during the birth season...
  45. Kuhlmann N. [The first ray of the hand and the foot of the primates (I). Descriptive anatomy]. Morphologie. 2007;91:149-58 pubmed
    ..The ligamentous devices include the glenoidal and collateral ligaments with their metacarpal- and metatarsophalangeal fascicles and their interphalangeal and phalangeoglenoidal fascicles...
  46. Irwin M. Living in forest fragments reduces group cohesion in diademed sifakas (Propithecus diadema) in eastern Madagascar by reducing food patch size. Am J Primatol. 2007;69:434-47 pubmed
  47. Armfield B, Vinyard C. An interspecific analysis of relative jaw-joint height in primates. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;142:519-30 pubmed publisher
  48. Perry J, Hartstone Rose A, Wall C. The jaw adductors of strepsirrhines in relation to body size, diet, and ingested food size. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011;294:712-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparisons of temporalis, masseter, and medial pterygoid PCSA in strepsirrhines of different diets suggest that there may be functional partitioning between these muscle groups...
  49. Huang S. Primate phylogeny: molecular evidence for a pongid clade excluding humans and a prosimian clade containing tarsiers. Sci China Life Sci. 2012;55:709-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the re-established primate phylogeny indicates a remarkable unity between molecules and fossils...
  50. Chevassus au Louis N, Cooper H. Is there a geniculohypothalamic tract in primates? A comparative immunohistochemical study in the circadian system of strepsirhine and haplorhine species. Brain Res. 1998;805:213-9 pubmed
  51. Pochron S, FitzGerald J, Gilbert C, Lawrence D, Grgas M, Rakotonirina G, et al. Patterns of female dominance in Propithecus diadema edwardsi of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Am J Primatol. 2003;61:173-85 pubmed
    ..7-96.0%) of aggressive interactions. While aggression rates were low (0.22/hr), this evidence suggests female dominance. We propose that female dominance exists because it provides a fitness advantage to both males and females...
  52. Kawamura S, Kubotera N. Ancestral loss of short wave-sensitive cone visual pigment in lorisiform prosimians, contrasting with its strict conservation in other prosimians. J Mol Evol. 2004;58:314-21 pubmed
  53. Smith T, Alport L, Burrows A, Bhatnagar K, Dennis J, Tuladhar P, et al. Perinatal size and maturation of the olfactory and vomeronasal neuroepithelia in lorisoids and lemuroids. Am J Primatol. 2007;69:74-85 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the VNNE may be relatively longer at birth in altricial species. However, it remains uncertain how phylogeny and/or ontogeny may explain these findings...
  54. Demanche C, Guillot J, Berthelemy M, Petitt T, Roux P, Wakefield A. Absence of mutations associated with sulfa resistance in Pneumocystis carinii dihydropteroate synthase gene from non-human primates. Med Mycol. 2002;40:315-8 pubmed
    ..carinii DHPS sequence at codons 55 and 57 was observed. These data support the hypothesis that high rates of DHPS mutants in P. carinii f. sp. hominis have arisen with increased use of sulfa drugs for P. carinii pneumonia prophylaxis...
  55. Remick A, Van Wettere A, Williams C. Neoplasia in prosimians: case series from a captive prosimian population and literature review. Vet Pathol. 2009;46:746-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This article should serve as a valuable reference for the types and relative frequencies of neoplasms that occur in prosimian species...
  56. Yoder A, Chan L, dos Reis M, Larsen P, Campbell C, Rasoloarison R, et al. Molecular evolutionary characterization of a V1R subfamily unique to strepsirrhine primates. Genome Biol Evol. 2014;6:213-27 pubmed publisher
  57. Dammhahn M, Kappeler P. Stable isotope analyses reveal dense trophic species packing and clear niche differentiation in a Malagasy primate community. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2014;153:249-59 pubmed publisher
    ..The pronounced trophic niche differentiation among lemurs is most likely due to intense competition in the past as is characteristic for adaptive radiations...
  58. Tarou L, Bloomsmith M, Maple T. Survey of stereotypic behavior in prosimians. Am J Primatol. 2005;65:181-96 pubmed
    ..e., individual or genus differences) in addition to extrinsic factors related to housing. This knowledge may be helpful in identifying the causes of and effective treatments for stereotypic behavior in prosimians...
  59. Kawamura S, Kubotera N. Absorption spectra of reconstituted visual pigments of a nocturnal prosimian, Otolemur crassicaudatus. Gene. 2003;321:131-5 pubmed
    ..The lambda(max) of the rod visual pigment was measured as 502 nm. Accurate estimate of lambda(max) values is essential in establishing the molecular basis of visual pigment evolution...
  60. Smith T, Bhatnagar K, Burrows A, Shimp K, Dennis J, Smith M, et al. The vomeronasal organ of greater bushbabies (Otolemur spp.): species, sex, and age differences. J Neurocytol. 2005;34:135-47 pubmed
    ..Bushbabies or other strepsirrhine primates may offer an opportunity for further understanding of behavioral correlates of VNNE postnatal plasticity, which may represent primitive functional characteristics of the order Primates...
  61. Seiffert E. Early evolution and biogeography of lorisiform strepsirrhines. Am J Primatol. 2007;69:27-35 pubmed
    ..These patterns have important implications for interpreting an early lorisiform fossil record that is still composed primarily of jaws and isolated teeth...
  62. Rossie J, Smith T. Ontogeny of the nasolacrimal duct in primates: functional and phylogenetic implications. J Anat. 2007;210:195-208 pubmed
  63. Carrai V, Borgognini Tarli S, Huffman M, Bardi M. Increase in tannin consumption by sifaka ( Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi) females during the birth season: a case for self-medication in prosimians?. Primates. 2003;44:61-6 pubmed
  64. Seiffert E, Simons E, Ryan T, Attia Y. Additional remains of Wadilemur elegans, a primitive stem galagid from the late Eocene of Egypt. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:11396-401 pubmed
  65. Quéméré E, Amelot X, Pierson J, Crouau Roy B, Chikhi L. Genetic data suggest a natural prehuman origin of open habitats in northern Madagascar and question the deforestation narrative in this region. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:13028-33 pubmed publisher
    ..This contradicts the prevailing narrative that land cover changes are necessarily anthropogenic in Madagascar but does not preclude the later role played by humans in other regions in which recent lemur bottlenecks have been observed...
  66. Pochron S, Morelli T, Scirbona J, Wright P. Sex differences in scent marking in Propithecus edwardsi of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Am J Primatol. 2005;66:97-110 pubmed
    ..This implies that females may use scent marks more for intrasexual aggression or territoriality than for mate attraction...
  67. Kawashima T, Murakami K, Takayanagi M, Sato F. Evolutionary transformation of the cervicobrachial plexus in the colugo (Cynocephalidae: Dermoptera) with a comparison to treeshrews (Tupaiidae: Scandentia) and strepsirrhines (Strepsirrhini: Primates). Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2012;71:228-39 pubmed
  68. Pochron S, Wright P. Testes size and body weight in the Milne-Edwards' sifaka (Propithecus edwardsi) of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar, relative to other strepsirhine primates. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2005;76:37-41 pubmed
  69. Dagosto M, Marivaux L, Gebo D, Beard K, Chaimanee Y, Jaeger J, et al. The phylogenetic affinities of the Pondaung tali. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;143:223-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on both metric and nonmetric features, the Pondaung tali are structurally most similar to the tali of haplorhines, particularly anthropoids...
  70. Xing J, Witherspoon D, Ray D, Batzer M, Jorde L. Mobile DNA elements in primate and human evolution. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;Suppl 45:2-19 pubmed
    ..Finally, these elements have had impacts on the genome itself. We review how they have influenced fundamental ongoing processes like nonhomologous recombination, genomic deletion, and X chromosome inactivation...
  71. Quéméré E, Champeau J, Besolo A, Rasolondraibe E, Rabarivola C, Crouau Roy B, et al. Spatial variation in density and total size estimates in fragmented primate populations: the golden-crowned sifaka (Propithecus tattersalli). Am J Primatol. 2010;72:72-80 pubmed publisher
    ..This could be due to a high resiliency to habitat fragmentation or to the fact that fragmentation has been going on for some time...
  72. de Camps S, Dubey J, Saville W. Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in zoo animals in selected zoos in the midwestern United States. J Parasitol. 2008;94:648-53 pubmed publisher
    ..22, p = 0.00)...
  73. Wistuba J, Schrod A, Greve B, Hodges J, Aslam H, Weinbauer G, et al. Organization of seminiferous epithelium in primates: relationship to spermatogenic efficiency, phylogeny, and mating system. Biol Reprod. 2003;69:582-91 pubmed
    ..We speculate that the presence of a single-stage/multistage organization might simply reflect germ cell clonal size. Our findings further indicate that sperm competition in primates is not reflected at the level of testicular function...
  74. Lawler R, Richard A, Riley M. Genetic population structure of the white sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi) at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, southwest Madagascar (1992-2001). Mol Ecol. 2003;12:2307-17 pubmed
    ..We link these genetic data to patterns of female philopatry, male dispersal, exogamy, and offspring sex-ratio. Overall, these data reveal how mating and dispersal tactics influence the genetic population structure in this species...
  75. Krakauer E, Lemelin P, Schmitt D. Hand and body position during locomotor behavior in the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Am J Primatol. 2002;57:105-18 pubmed
    ..This mechanism of moderating loads by altering body position, rather than hand position, may represent an important functional aspect of arboreal locomotion in aye-ayes and other primates...
  76. Brockman D, Whitten P, Richard A, Schneider A. Reproduction in free-ranging male Propithecus verreauxi: the hormonal correlates of mating and aggression. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1998;105:137-51 pubmed
  77. Sefczek T, Farris Z, Wright P. Aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) feeding strategies at Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar: an indirect sampling method. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2012;83:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..417, p = 0.016). These results highlight the importance of Canarium in the diet of aye-ayes and demonstrate how the distribution of this resource may influence the foraging behavior of aye-ayes...
  78. Gebo D. Vertical clinging and leaping revisited: vertical support use as the ancestral condition of strepsirrhine primates. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011;146:323-35 pubmed publisher
    ..The movement pattern called vertical clinging and leaping evolved independently among different primate lineages throughout primate evolutionary history for several different ecological reasons...
  79. Chiquet C, Dkhissi Benyahya O, Cooper H. Calcium-binding protein distribution in the retina of strepsirhine and haplorhine primates. Brain Res Bull. 2005;68:185-94 pubmed
    ..These differences may be related to adaptations of retinal structure and function to the nocturnal niche, since nocturnal strepsirhine and haphorhine (Tarsius and Aotus) primates share some features of calcium-binding expression...
  80. Barton R. Olfactory evolution and behavioral ecology in primates. Am J Primatol. 2006;68:545-58 pubmed
    ..These social system correlations support the idea that there is an olfactory dimension to the concept of the social brain...
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    ..Chromosomal and molecular processes alone or in combination created a reproductive barrier that was then followed by further speciation processes...
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    ..These results suggest that LIF, cAMP signaling cascades and Myt1 play significant roles in the differentiation of oligodendrocytes through their action on the Opalin oligodendrocyte enhancer...
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    ..However, tannins in tamarind fruit may increase friction between teeth, thereby increasing attrition and wear in lemurs. These data also suggest that salivary pH varies between lemur species, corresponding to broad dietary categories...