tarsiidae

Summary

Summary: The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.

Top Publications

  1. Xing J, Witherspoon D, Ray D, Batzer M, Jorde L. Mobile DNA elements in primate and human evolution. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;Suppl 45:2-19 pubmed
    ..Finally, these elements have had impacts on the genome itself. We review how they have influenced fundamental ongoing processes like nonhomologous recombination, genomic deletion, and X chromosome inactivation...
  2. Schmitz J, Ohme M, Zischler H. The complete mitochondrial sequence of Tarsius bancanus: evidence for an extensive nucleotide compositional plasticity of primate mitochondrial DNA. Mol Biol Evol. 2002;19:544-53 pubmed publisher
  3. Schmitz J, Ohme M, Zischler H. SINE insertions in cladistic analyses and the phylogenetic affiliations of Tarsius bancanus to other primates. Genetics. 2001;157:777-84 pubmed
    ..The three Alu insertions characterized underpin the monophyly of haplorhine primates (Anthropoidea and Tarsioidea) from a novel perspective...
  4. Jameson N, Hou Z, Sterner K, Weckle A, Goodman M, Steiper M, et al. Genomic data reject the hypothesis of a prosimian primate clade. J Hum Evol. 2011;61:295-305 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide the framework on which primate morphological, reproductive, and genomic features can be reconstructed in the broader context of mammalian phylogeny...
  5. Zietkiewicz E, Richer C, Labuda D. Phylogenetic affinities of tarsier in the context of primate Alu repeats. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1999;11:77-83 pubmed
    ..Alu repeats in tarsier genome are relatively old, which indicates a dramatic slowdown or even an arrest of these elements' amplification about 20 Myr ago...
  6. Gursky S, Salibay C, Cuevas C. Population survey of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) in Corella, Bohol. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2011;82:189-96 pubmed publisher
    ..The vegetation plots where tarsiers were found had substantially more trees per plot, contained trees with larger diameters, and contained slightly taller trees than did the plots where no tarsiers were observed...
  7. Gursky S. Function of snake mobbing in spectral tarsiers. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2006;129:601-8 pubmed
    ..The "perception advertisement" hypothesis was tentatively supported, in that live snakes were rarely seen in the area following mobbing calls, in comparison to when tarsiers either ignored the snake or alarm call...
  8. Ramsier M, Cunningham A, Moritz G, Finneran J, Williams C, Ong P, et al. Primate communication in the pure ultrasound. Biol Lett. 2012;8:508-11 pubmed publisher
  9. Meireles C, Czelusniak J, Goodman M. The Tarsius gamma-globin gene: pseudogene or active gene?. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1999;13:434-9 pubmed
    ..This is significantly different from what would be expected for a silent gene evading stabilizing selection. Thus, we hypothesize that the tarsier's gamma-globin gene locus is expressed even with the mutation in the proximal CCAAT box...

More Information

Publications50

  1. Gursky S. Effects of radio transmitter weight on a small nocturnal primate. Am J Primatol. 1998;46:145-55 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the heavier radio collars used in this study did not have any appreciable effects on the behavioral patterns of this primate...
  2. Kawashima T, Thorington R, Murakami K, Sato F. Evolutionary anatomy and phyletic implication of the extrinsic cardiac nervous system in the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta, Primates) in comparisons with Strepsirrhines and New World monkeys. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013;296:798-806 pubmed publisher
    ..It may play a key role in unifying future studies on molecular phylogeny and updating evolutionary anatomical information...
  3. Gursky Doyen S. Acoustic characterization of ultrasonic vocalizations by a nocturnal primate Tarsius syrichta. Primates. 2013;54:293-9 pubmed publisher
  4. Rosa M, Pettigrew J, Cooper H. Unusual pattern of retinogeniculate projections in the controversial primate Tarsius. Brain Behav Evol. 1996;48:121-9 pubmed
    ..This observation adds support to the proposal that Tarsius does not share a more recent common ancestry with simians as compared with lemuriform and lorisiform primates...
  5. Padmanaba M, Sheil D, Basuki I, Liswanti N. Accessing local knowledge to identify where species of conservation concern occur in a tropical forest landscape. Environ Manage. 2013;52:348-59 pubmed publisher
    ..While quality concerns should never be abandoned, we conclude that local people can help expand our knowledge of large areas in an effective, reliable, and low cost manner and thus contribute to improved management. ..
  6. Rosenberger A. The face of Strigorhysis: implications of another tarsier-like, large-eyed Eocene North American tarsiiform primate. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011;294:797-812 pubmed publisher
    ..The overwhelming evidence from the skull and from phylogenetics makes it a vanishingly small possibility that Tarsius is more closely relate to anthropoids than to a subset of FTs...
  7. Hirota A, Hara T, Hosoda T, Hashizaki F. Hand-raising a spectral tarsier (Tarsius tarsier) at the Ueno Zoological Gardens. Zoo Biol. 2011;30:218-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Gradual changes in feeding times, formula concentration, and the nutritionally enriched formula were essential for successfully hand-raising the tarsier...
  8. Crompton R, Sellers W, Gunther M. Energetic efficiency and ecology as selective factors in the saltatory adaptation of prosimian primates. Proc Biol Sci. 1993;254:41-5 pubmed
    ..Ecological' factors, such as time pressure and habitat support density, may thus be the prime consideration for many species in determining the manner in which they jump...
  9. Zijlstra J, Flynn L, Wessels W. The westernmost tarsier: a new genus and species from the Miocene of Pakistan. J Hum Evol. 2013;65:544-50 pubmed publisher
    As the closest living sister group of anthropoids, tarsiers (Family Tarsiidae) are an important group in primate evolution...
  10. Durden L, Merker S, Beati L. The tick fauna of Sulawesi, Indonesia (Acari: Ixodoidea: Argasidae and Ixodidae). Exp Appl Acarol. 2008;45:85-110 pubmed publisher
    ..sanguineus which is a globally widespread ectoparasite of canines and a vector of canine pathogens and parasites...
  11. Mittra E, Smith H, Lemelin P, Jungers W. Comparative morphometrics of the primate apical tuft. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;134:449-59 pubmed
    ..The implications of these findings for hypotheses about the association of apical tuft size and tool making in the hominin fossil record are discussed...
  12. Gursky S. Sociality in the spectral tarsier, Tarsius spectrum. Am J Primatol. 2000;51:89-101 pubmed
    ..There were also substantial rates of social interaction between the two adult females in one group, and between sub-adults of the opposite sex in neighboring groups...
  13. Smith T, Siegel M, Bhatnagar K. Observations on the vomeronasal organ of prenatal Tarsius bancanus borneanus with implications for ancestral morphology. J Anat. 2003;203:473-81 pubmed
    ..If tarsiers and anthropoids do represent a clade (Haplorhini), then the atypical morphology seen in adult tarsiers and New World monkeys probably represents the adult VNO morphology of a haplorhine common ancestor...
  14. Gursky S. Predation experiments on infant spectral tarsiers (Tarsius spectrum). Folia Primatol (Basel). 2003;74:272-84 pubmed
    ..Infants and mothers both produced a twittering alarm call in response to the bird of prey models, whereas they both produced a harsh loud call 3 times in rapid succession in response to the presence of the rubber snakes...
  15. Hartig G, Churakov G, Warren W, BROSIUS J, Makałowski W, Schmitz J. Retrophylogenomics place tarsiers on the evolutionary branch of anthropoids. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1756 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, tarsiers are clearly the sister group to anthropoids in the clade Haplorrhini...
  16. Gursky Doyen S. Infanticide by a male spectral tarsier (Tarsius spectrum). Primates. 2011;52:385-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The only hypothesis that could not be rejected outright, on the basis of this single observation, was the competition for limited resources hypothesis...
  17. Guthrie E, Frost S. Pattern and pace of dental eruption in Tarsius. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011;145:446-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The relatively and absolutely early eruption of the anterior dentition may be due to the utility of these front teeth in early food acquisition rather than with the pace of life history...
  18. Gursky S. Predation on a wild spectral tarsier (Tarsius spectrum) by a snake. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2002;73:60-2 pubmed
  19. Smith T, Dennis J, Bhatnagar K, Garrett E, Bonar C, Morrison E. Olfactory marker protein expression in the vomeronasal neuroepithelium of tamarins (Saguinus spp). Brain Res. 2011;1375:7-18 pubmed publisher
    ..If primates with relatively few OMP (+) VSNs have a functional vomeronasal system, OMP is not critical for stimulus detection...
  20. Muldoon K, Gunnell G. Omomyid primates (Tarsiiformes) from the Early Middle Eocene at South Pass, Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming. J Hum Evol. 2002;43:479-511 pubmed
    ..This would have created a situation whereby species which would normally be allopatric become sympatric at South Pass...
  21. Grow N, Gursky S, Duma Y. Altitude and forest edges influence the density and distribution of pygmy tarsiers (Tarsius pumilus). Am J Primatol. 2013;75:464-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Tarsiers may mitigate the decreased availability of insects at high altitudes by adjusting their ranging patterns to remain near forest edges...
  22. Merker S, Yustian I. Habitat use analysis of Dian's tarsier (Tarsius dianae) in a mixed-species plantation in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Primates. 2008;49:161-4 pubmed
    ..This paper documents the first habitat use analysis of tarsiers on agricultural land and exemplifies the vital role of mixed-species plantations in conserving wildlife when nearby forest is logged...
  23. Gursky S. Associations between adult spectral tarsiers. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;128:74-83 pubmed
    ..Preliminary results suggest that predation pressure by snakes may be the most likely factor selecting for the tarsiers to forage in proximity...
  24. Smith T, Deleon V, Rosenberger A. At birth, tarsiers lack a postorbital bar or septum. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013;296:365-77 pubmed publisher
  25. Gursky S. Allocare in a nocturnal primate: data on the spectral tarsier, Tarsius spectrum. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2000;71:39-54 pubmed
    ..Additional research is needed in order to understand better the selective pressures involved and the costs and benefits of providing allocare to subadults and adult male spectral tarsiers...
  26. Rasmussen D, Conroy G, Simons E. Tarsier-like locomotor specializations in the oligocene primate afrotarsius. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:14848-50 pubmed
    ..These specializations constitute evidence that Afrotarsius is a tarsiid, closely related to extant Tarsius; hence, it is now excluded from being a generalized sister taxon to Anthropoidea...
  27. Melin A, Matsushita Y, Moritz G, Dominy N, Kawamura S. Inferred L/M cone opsin polymorphism of ancestral tarsiers sheds dim light on the origin of anthropoid primates. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20130189 pubmed publisher
    ..This interpretation challenges the persistent nocturnal-diurnal dichotomy that has long informed debate on the origin of anthropoid primates...
  28. Crompton R, Savage R, Spears I. The mechanics of food reduction in Tarsius bancanus. Hard-object feeder, soft-object feeder or both?. Folia Primatol (Basel). 1998;69 Suppl 1:41-59 pubmed
  29. Merker S. Habitat-specific ranging patterns of Dian's tarsiers (Tarsius dianae) as revealed by radiotracking. Am J Primatol. 2006;68:111-25 pubmed
    ..The results of this study provide an important tool for directing conservation efforts targeted at the survival of this primate in central Sulawesi...
  30. Hendrickson A, Djajadi H, Nakamura L, Possin D, Sajuthi D. Nocturnal tarsier retina has both short and long/medium-wavelength cones in an unusual topography. J Comp Neurol. 2000;424:718-30 pubmed
    ..Although the functional characteristics of the tarsier S and L/M cone systems are yet to be determined, tarsier cone proteins and distribution have some similarities to both New and Old World monkey retinas...
  31. Wright Fitzgerald A, Balceniuk M, Burrows A. Shouldering the burdens of locomotion and posture: glenohumeral joint structure in prosimians. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2010;293:680-91 pubmed publisher
    ..syrichta. Even with the limited sample dissected here, these results suggest that soft-tissue joint morphology itself may be as adaptive to locomotory and postural styles as osseous morphology...
  32. Jeffery N, Davies K, Kockenberger W, Williams S. Craniofacial growth in fetal Tarsius bancanus: brains, eyes and nasal septa. J Anat. 2007;210:703-22 pubmed
  33. Collins C, Hendrickson A, Kaas J. Overview of the visual system of Tarsius. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2005;287:1013-25 pubmed
    ..These adaptive specializations may together account for the unique nocturnal predatory requirements of tarsiers...
  34. Chaimanee Y, Lebrun R, Yamee C, Jaeger J. A new Middle Miocene tarsier from Thailand and the reconstruction of its orbital morphology using a geometric-morphometric method. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:1956-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The current restriction of tarsiers to offshore islands in Southeast Asia appears to be a relatively recent phenomenon...
  35. Huang S. Primate phylogeny: molecular evidence for a pongid clade excluding humans and a prosimian clade containing tarsiers. Sci China Life Sci. 2012;55:709-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the re-established primate phylogeny indicates a remarkable unity between molecules and fossils...
  36. Merker S, Driller C, Perwitasari Farajallah D, Pamungkas J, Zischler H. Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:8459-64 pubmed publisher
  37. Menke P, Henke W. The hyo-laryngeal complex of Tarsius bancanus (Mammalia, Primates): a developmental and phylogenetic aspect. Anthropol Anz. 2008;66:257-72 pubmed
    ..This fact reflects the importance of fetal data for systematic research. The study might serve as a morphological basement for further experimental studies of vocal communication...
  38. Rozenbaum I, Faschinger C, Ritch R. Small primate, big eyes. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:542 pubmed publisher
  39. Rossie J, Ni X, Beard K. Cranial remains of an Eocene tarsier. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:4381-5 pubmed
    ..This new specimen indicates that tarsiers already possessed greatly enlarged orbits and a haplorhine oronasal configuration by the time they are first documented in the fossil record during the middle Eocene...
  40. Hayasaka K, Skinner C, Goodman M, Slightom J. The gamma-globin genes and their flanking sequences in primates: findings with nucleotide sequences of capuchin monkey and tarsier. Genomics. 1993;18:20-8 pubmed
    ..However, an absence of conversions within the capuchin and spider monkeys promoter regions suggests that in platyrrhines selection acted against conversions as they could decrease (or inactivate) gamma 2 expression...
  41. Matsumoto S, Yamada T, Ikeda A. A new classification of the brachial extensors in Tarsius. Acta Anat (Basel). 1991;142:267-71 pubmed
    ..The proximal head may have developed specially in the tarsier in addition to the distal head observed in other prosimians. It is thought to support the extension of the elbow joint and contribute to the tarsier's effective locomotion...