saguinus

Summary

Summary: A genus in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE consisting of 12 species and found in Panama as well as South America. Species seen most frequently in the literature are S. oedipus (cotton-top marmoset), S. nigricollis, and S. fusicollis.

Top Publications

  1. Bright H, Carroll A, Watts P, Fenton R. Development of a GB virus B marmoset model and its validation with a novel series of hepatitis C virus NS3 protease inhibitors. J Virol. 2004;78:2062-71 pubmed
    ..flavivirus closely related to HCV, has previously been shown to infect and replicate to high titers in tamarins (Saguinus sp.)...
  2. Willems A, Gilhaus H, Beer W, Mietke H, Gelderblom H, Burghardt B, et al. Brackiella oedipodis gen. nov., sp. nov., gram-negative, oxidase-positive rods that cause endocarditis of cotton-topped tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002;52:179-86 pubmed
    ..Nearest phylogenetic neighbours of the new genus are Taylorella, Pelistega, Bordetella, Alcaligenes and Achromobacter. ..
  3. Cropp S, Larson A, Cheverud J. Historical biogeography of tamarins, genus Saguinus: the molecular phylogenetic evidence. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1999;108:65-89 pubmed
    Hypotheses of the historical biogeography of tamarins (genus Saguinus) based on variation in coat colors and body size are tested using phylogenetic relationships inferred from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data...
  4. David J, Dick E, Hubbard G. Spontaneous pathology of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and tamarins (Saguinus oedipus, Saguinus mystax). J Med Primatol. 2009;38:347-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Marmosets and tamarins are increasingly used in research, but their pathology remains poorly defined compared with Old World primates...
  5. Kralik J. Inhibitory control and response selection in problem solving: how cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) overcome a bias for selecting the larger quantity of food. J Comp Psychol. 2005;119:78-89 pubmed
    ..with a choice between 1 and 3 pieces of food in a type of reversed contingency task, 4 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) consistently chose the 3 pieces of food and received nothing, even though the choice of 1 piece would ..
  6. Smith A, Buchanan Smith H, Surridge A, Mundy N. Leaders of progressions in wild mixed-species troops of saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and mustached tamarins (S. mystax), with emphasis on color vision and sex. Am J Primatol. 2003;61:145-57 pubmed
    ..We examine progression leadership within two wild mixed-species troops of saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and mustached (Saguinus mystax) tamarins over a complete year...
  7. Pieczarka J, Nagamachi C, Muniz J, Barros R, Mattevi M. Restriction enzyme and fluorochrome banding analysis of the constitutive heterochromatin of Saguinus species (Callitrichidae, Primates). Cytobios. 2001;105:13-26 pubmed
    ..There were three types in S. mystax, viz centromeric in bi-armed chromosomes, centromeric in acrocentric, and pericentromeric chromosomes. Several aspects of their constitution and origin are discussed...
  8. Weiss D, Garibaldi B, Hauser M. The production and perception of long calls by cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus): acoustic analyses and playback experiments. J Comp Psychol. 2001;115:258-71 pubmed
    ..To this end, the authors examined the cotton-top tamarin's (Saguinus oedipus) combination long call (CLC)...
  9. Chen P, Miller G, Powell D. Colitis in a female tamarin (Saguinus mystax). Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 2000;39:47-9 pubmed
    An adult wild-caught female tamarin (Saguinus mystax) housed in a biomedical research facility was found moribund and extremely dehydrated, with severe diarrhea. She initially responded to supportive therapy but died 3 days later...

More Information

Publications66

  1. Hauser M, Dehaene S, Dehaene Lambertz G, Patalano A. Spontaneous number discrimination of multi-format auditory stimuli in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Cognition. 2002;86:B23-32 pubmed
  2. Knogge C, Heymann E. Seed dispersal by sympatric tamarins, Saguinus mystax and Saguinus fuscicollis: diversity and characteristics of plant species. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2003;74:33-47 pubmed
    In a comparative study of Saguinus mystax and Saguinus fuscicollis, we examined the spectrum of plant species whose seeds are dispersed by these two tamarin species...
  3. Neiworth J, Steinmark E, Basile B, Wonders R, Steely F, DeHart C. A test of object permanence in a new-world monkey species, cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Anim Cogn. 2003;6:27-37 pubmed
  4. Santos L, Rosati A, Sproul C, Spaulding B, Hauser M. Means-means-end tool choice in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus): finding the limits on primates' knowledge of tools. Anim Cogn. 2005;8:236-46 pubmed
    ..Subjects readily transferred to new connections. Our results therefore provide the first evidence to date that tamarins can learn to solve problems involving two tools, but that they do so only with sufficient training...
  5. Uller C, Hauser M, Carey S. Spontaneous representation of number in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2001;115:248-57 pubmed
    ..studies applying this methodology to the question of spontaneous number representations in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) are reported here. Monkeys were shown 1 + 1 events in which objects were placed behind a screen, 1 by 1...
  6. Miller L, Savage A, Giraldo H. Quantifying remaining forested habitat within the historic distribution of the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) in Colombia: Implications for long-term conservation. Am J Primatol. 2004;64:451-7 pubmed
    ..data were used to classify forested areas within the historic distribution of the endangered cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) in Colombia...
  7. Huck M, Löttker P, Heymann E. Proximate mechanisms of reproductive monopolization in male moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax). Am J Primatol. 2004;64:39-56 pubmed
    In moustached tamarin (Saguinus mystax) groups, the single breeding female mates polyandrously with most or all nonrelated adult males. Nonetheless, paternity is monopolized in many groups by a single male...
  8. Ziegler T, Washabaugh K, Snowdon C. Responsiveness of expectant male cotton-top tamarins, Saguinus oedipus, to mate's pregnancy. Horm Behav. 2004;45:84-92 pubmed
    ..The midpregnancy rise of glucocorticoids in females may stimulate a glucocorticoid response in male tamarins and thereby activate other hormonal changes in males to prepare them for their parenting role...
  9. Miller A, Masek Hammerman K, Dalecki K, Mansfield K, Westmoreland S. Histologic and immunohistochemical characterization of pheochromocytoma in 6 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Vet Pathol. 2009;46:1221-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the gross, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of pheochromocytoma in 6 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Pheochromocytomas represented 6 of 114 of the total causes of death in the studied population (5...
  10. Sanchez S, Pelaez F, Gil Burmann C, Kaumanns W. Costs of infant-carrying in the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). Am J Primatol. 1999;48:99-111 pubmed
    ..We studied five families of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) during the first 9 weeks following the birth of infants...
  11. Harada M, Schneider H, Schneider M, Sampaio I, Czelusniak J, Goodman M. DNA evidence on the phylogenetic systematics of New World monkeys: support for the sister-grouping of Cebus and Saimiri from two unlinked nuclear genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1995;4:331-49 pubmed publisher
    ..into subtribe Callitrichina; Callitrichina, Callimico (Goeldi's monkey), Leontopithecus (lion tamarin), and Saguinus (tamarin) into subfamily Callitrichinae; Callitrichinae, Aotus, Cebus, and Saimiri into family Cebidae; Cacajao (..
  12. Nam J, Faulk K, Engle R, Govindarajan S, St Claire M, Bukh J. In vivo analysis of the 3' untranslated region of GB virus B after in vitro mutagenesis of an infectious cDNA clone: persistent infection in a transfected tamarin. J Virol. 2004;78:9389-99 pubmed
    ..Nonetheless, the demonstration that GBV-B can persist in tamarins strengthens its relevance as a surrogate model for the study of HCV...
  13. Santos L, Pearson H, Spaepen G, Tsao F, Hauser M. Probing the limits of tool competence: experiments with two non-tool-using species (Cercopithecus aethiops and Saguinus oedipus). Anim Cogn. 2006;9:94-109 pubmed
    ..We tested two species that typically do not use tools-cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops)-on problems that mirrored those designed for prolific tool ..
  14. Ackermann R, Cheverud J. Discerning evolutionary processes in patterns of tamarin (genus Saguinus) craniofacial variation. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2002;117:260-71 pubmed
    ..of within- and between-species craniofacial morphological variation in 12 species of tamarins (genus Saguinus)...
  15. Smith A, Knogge C, Huck M, Löttker P, Buchanan Smith H, Heymann E. Long-term patterns of sleeping site use in wild saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and mustached tamarins (S. mystax): effects of foraging, thermoregulation, predation, and resource defense constraints. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;134:340-53 pubmed
    ..These findings are discussed in light of species ecology, with particular reference to predation risk, which is indicated as the major factor influencing the pattern of sleeping site use in these species...
  16. Nyakatura J, Fischer M, Schmidt M. Gait parameter adjustments of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus, Callitrichidae) to locomotion on inclined arboreal substrates. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2008;135:13-26 pubmed
    ..Our data support the notion of a wide ranging behavioral plasticity as a general primate locomotor characteristic...
  17. Mansfield K, Lin K, Xia D, Newman J, Schauer D, Mackey J, et al. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and ulcerative colitis in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Infect Dis. 2001;184:803-7 pubmed
    The cotton-top tamarin (CTT; Saguinus oedipus) is an endangered New World primate that develops a highly prevalent idiopathic colitis resembling human ulcerative colitis...
  18. Cronin K, Schroeder K, Rothwell E, Silk J, Snowdon C. Cooperatively breeding cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) do not donate rewards to their long-term mates. J Comp Psychol. 2009;123:231-41 pubmed publisher
    ..that cooperative breeding facilitates the emergence of prosocial behavior by presenting cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) with the option to provide food rewards to pair-bonded mates...
  19. Tornow M, Ford S, Garber P, de Sa Sauerbrunn E. Dentition of moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax mystax) from Padre Isla, Peru, part 1: quantitative variation. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2006;130:352-63 pubmed
    ..Data from dental casts of a geographically restricted population of moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax mystax) from Padre Isla, Peru, document high levels of dental variability, as measured by coefficients of ..
  20. Neiworth J, Gleichman A, Olinick A, Lamp K. Global and local processing in adult humans (Homo sapiens), 5-year-old children (Homo sapiens), and adult cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2006;120:323-30 pubmed
    This study compared adults (Homo sapiens), young children (Homo sapiens), and adult tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) while they discriminated global and local properties of stimuli...
  21. Washabaugh K, Snowdon C. Chemical communication of reproductive status in female cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus). Am J Primatol. 1998;45:337-49 pubmed
    ..Seven male-female pairs of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) were presented with several drops of distilled water, a scent secretion from the female of that ..
  22. Weiss D, Wark J, Rosenbaum D. Monkey see, monkey plan, monkey do: the end-state comfort effect in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Psychol Sci. 2007;18:1063-8 pubmed
    ..This outcome provides evidence for more sophisticated motor planning than has previously been ascribed to this and related species...
  23. Taylor A, Vinyard C. Comparative analysis of masseter fiber architecture in tree-gouging (Callithrix jacchus) and nongouging (Saguinus oedipus) callitrichids. J Morphol. 2004;261:276-85 pubmed
    Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) and cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) (Callitrichidae, Primates) share a broadly similar diet of fruits, insects, and tree exudates...
  24. Savage A, Soto L, Medina F, Emeris G, Soltis J. Litter size and infant survivorship in wild groups of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) in Colombia. Am J Primatol. 2009;71:707-11 pubmed publisher
    Cotton-top tamains (Saguinus oedipus) are a critically endangered primate found only in Colombia...
  25. Nyakatura J, Heymann E. Effects of support size and orientation on symmetric gaits in free-ranging tamarins of Amazonian Peru: implications for the functional significance of primate gait sequence patterns. J Hum Evol. 2010;58:242-51 pubmed publisher
    ..field, we conducted an actual performance determination of symmetrical gaits in two free-ranging tamarin species (Saguinus mystax and Saguinus fuscicollis) of Amazonian Peru by analyzing high-speed video recordings of naturally ..
  26. Smith A, Buchanan Smith H, Surridge A, Osorio D, Mundy N. The effect of colour vision status on the detection and selection of fruits by tamarins (Saguinus spp.). J Exp Biol. 2003;206:3159-65 pubmed
    ..tested in a controlled captive setting using stimuli recreated from those actually encountered by wild tamarins (Saguinus spp.)...
  27. De Tomassi A, Pizzuti M, Graziani R, Sbardellati A, Altamura S, Paonessa G, et al. Cell clones selected from the Huh7 human hepatoma cell line support efficient replication of a subgenomic GB virus B replicon. J Virol. 2002;76:7736-46 pubmed
    Tamarins (Saguinus species) infected by GB virus B (GBV-B) have recently been proposed as an acceptable surrogate model for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
  28. Mee E, Greenhow J, Rose N. Characterisation of Mhc class I and class II DRB polymorphism in red-bellied tamarins (Saguinus labiatus). Immunogenetics. 2011;63:619-26 pubmed publisher
    The infection of red-bellied tamarins (Saguinus labiatus) with GB virus B (GBV-B) is an important surrogate model of hepatitis C virus infection in man...
  29. Hauser M, Miller C, Liu K, Gupta R. Cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) fail to show mirror-guided self-exploration. Am J Primatol. 2001;53:131-7 pubmed
    ..In parallel with results from Experiment 1, we observed no evidence of mirror-mediated behavior (recognition) in Experiment 2...
  30. Garber P, Leigh S. Patterns of positional behavior in mixed-species troops of Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and Saguinus fuscicollis in northwestern Brazil. Am J Primatol. 2001;54:17-31 pubmed
    ..behavior, vertical ranging, and species differences in limb proportions and body mass in a mixed-species troop of Saguinus fuscicollis, Saguinus labiatus, and Callimico goeldii in northwestern Brazil...
  31. Neiworth J, Johnson E, Whillock K, Greenberg J, Brown V. Is a sense of inequity an ancestral primate trait? Testing social inequity in cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2009;123:10-7 pubmed publisher
    ..whether monkeys show an aversion to inequity, individuals of a New World monkey species, cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) were tested in an offering task and in a bartering task...
  32. Sbardellati A, Scarselli E, Verschoor E, De Tomassi A, Lazzaro D, Traboni C. Generation of infectious and transmissible virions from a GB virus B full-length consensus clone in tamarins. J Gen Virol. 2001;82:2437-48 pubmed
    ..Host humoral immune response to GBV-B antigens was also monitored. The progression of the disease was compared to that induced by intravenous injection of different amounts of the non-recombinant virus...
  33. Huck M, Roos C, Heymann E. Spatio-genetic population structure in mustached tamarins, Saguinus mystax. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;132:576-83 pubmed
    ..relationship between the spatio-genetic structure and migration patterns in a population of mustached tamarins, Saguinus mystax...
  34. Lanford R, Chavez D, Notvall L, Brasky K. Comparison of tamarins and marmosets as hosts for GBV-B infections and the effect of immunosuppression on duration of viremia. Virology. 2003;311:72-80 pubmed
    ..The greater availability of marmosets in comparison to tamarins will greatly facilitate future research efforts with this model...
  35. Martin A, Bodola F, Sangar D, Goettge K, Popov V, Rijnbrand R, et al. Chronic hepatitis associated with GB virus B persistence in a tamarin after intrahepatic inoculation of synthetic viral RNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:9962-7 pubmed
    ..Here, we document persistent GBV-B infection in one of two healthy tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) inoculated intrahepatically with infectious synthetic RNA...
  36. Huck M, Löttker P, Böhle U, Heymann E. Paternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax). Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;127:449-64 pubmed
    ..Mating partners were never found to be related, hence inbreeding seems to be uncommon. The results suggest that while the social mating system is polyandry, paternity is often monopolized by a single male per group...
  37. Rijnbrand R, Yang Y, Beales L, Bodola F, Goettge K, Cohen L, et al. A chimeric GB virus B with 5' nontranslated RNA sequence from hepatitis C virus causes hepatitis in tamarins. Hepatology. 2005;41:986-94 pubmed
    ..unclassified hepatotropic member of the family Flaviviridae that is closely related to HCV and infects tamarins (Saguinus sp...
  38. Bicca Marques J, Garber P. Experimental field study of the relative costs and benefits to wild tamarins (Saguinus imperator and S. fuscicollis) of exploiting contestable food patches as single- and mixed-species troops. Am J Primatol. 2003;60:139-53 pubmed
  39. Matauschek C, Roos C, Heymann E. Mitochondrial phylogeny of tamarins (Saguinus, Hoffmannsegg 1807) with taxonomic and biogeographic implications for the S. nigricollis species group. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011;144:564-74 pubmed publisher
    Tamarins of the genus Saguinus, subfamily Callitrichinae, represent one of the most diverse primate radiations. So far, about 35 taxa have been described, but detailed information about their taxonomy and phylogeny is still lacking...
  40. Löttker P, Huck M, Heymann E. Demographic parameters and events in wild moustached Tamarins (Saguinus mystax). Am J Primatol. 2004;64:425-49 pubmed
    ..events in the context of population structure and genetic relationships in groups of wild moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)...
  41. Maia da Silva F, Naiff R, Marcili A, Gordo M, D Affonseca Neto J, Naiff M, et al. Infection rates and genotypes of Trypanosoma rangeli and T. cruzi infecting free-ranging Saguinus bicolor (Callitrichidae), a critically endangered primate of the Amazon Rainforest. Acta Trop. 2008;107:168-73 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first survey of trypanosomiasis in a critically endangered species of tamarin, Saguinus bicolor (Callitrichidae), from the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest. Of the 96 free-ranging specimens of S...
  42. Snowdon C, Boe C. Social communication about unpalatable foods in tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2003;117:142-8 pubmed
    ..Cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) socially learned to avoid a preferred food when it was made unpalatable but showed no aversion toward a ..
  43. Surridge A, Suárez S, Buchanan Smith H, Mundy N. Non-random association of opsin alleles in wild groups of red-bellied tamarins (Saguinus labiatus) and maintenance of the colour vision polymorphism. Biol Lett. 2005;1:465-8 pubmed
    ..we examine colour vision polymorphism, social group composition and breeding success in wild red-bellied tamarins Saguinus labiatus...
  44. Surridge A, Suarez S, Buchanan Smith H, Smith A, Mundy N. Color vision pigment frequencies in wild tamarins (Saguinus spp.). Am J Primatol. 2005;67:463-70 pubmed
    ..the frequencies of color vision alleles in 12 wild tamarin groups representing three species of the genus Saguinus. Our results show that allele frequencies are not equal, possibly reflecting different selective regimes ..
  45. Stevens J, Wood J, Hauser M. When quantity trumps number: discrimination experiments in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) and common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Anim Cogn. 2007;10:429-37 pubmed
  46. Valtonen Andre C, Lundwall A. The cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) has five beta-microseminoprotein genes, two of which are pseudogenes. DNA Cell Biol. 2008;27:45-54 pubmed
    ..The MSP genes described in this study probably arose by phylogenetically rather late duplication or retrotransposition, suggesting that they are confined to a limited number of New World monkeys...
  47. Ageyama N, Shibata H, Narita H, Hanari K, Kohno A, Ono F, et al. Specific gravity of whole blood in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), and tamarins (Saguinus labiatus) and total blood volume in cynomolgus monkeys. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 2001;40:33-5 pubmed
    ..The formulae were established to estimate TBV by referring to body weight (BW). There was no significance between TBV and BW in male monkeys weighing more than 6 kg...
  48. Neiworth J, Burman M, Basile B, Lickteig M. Use of experimenter-given cues in visual co-orienting and in an object-choice task by a new world monkey species, cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2002;116:3-11 pubmed
    ..assessed the use of experimenter-given directional cues by a New World monkey species, cotton top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Experiment 1 used cues to elicit visual co-orienting toward distal objects...
  49. de Thoisy B, Pouliquen J, Lacoste V, Gessain A, Kazanji M. Novel gamma-1 herpesviruses identified in free-ranging new world monkeys (golden-handed tamarin [Saguinus midas], squirrel monkey [Saimiri sciureus], and white-faced saki [Pithecia pithecia]) in French Guiana. J Virol. 2003;77:9099-105 pubmed
    ..the herpesvirus DNA polymerase gene, we identified three novel lymphocryptoviruses from golden-handed tamarin (Saguinus midas) of the Callitrichidae family and squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) and white-faced saki (Pithecia ..
  50. De Vleeschouwer K, Van Elsacker L, Leus K. Multiple breeding females in captive groups of golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas): causes and consequences. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2001;72:1-10 pubmed
    ..Competition for infant care is probably an important factor determining whether the polygynous situation can persist and for how long...
  51. Sanchez S, Pelaez F, Morcillo A, Gil Bürmann C. Effect of the enclosure on carriers' body weight loss in the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). Am J Primatol. 2005;66:279-84 pubmed
    ..07). These results support the hypothesis that cotton-top tamarins living in more natural settings experience higher weight loss than those housed under less-natural conditions...
  52. Tello N, Huck M, Heymann E. Boa constrictor attack and successful group defence in moustached tamarins, Saguinus mystax. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2002;73:146-8 pubmed
  53. Muller S, Neusser M, O Brien P, Wienberg J. Molecular cytogenetic characterization of the EBV-producing cell line B95-8 (Saguinus oedipus, Platyrrhini) by chromosome sorting and painting. Chromosome Res. 2001;9:689-93 pubmed
    ..Reciprocal painting was performed between B95-8, 'wildtype' New World monkey and human chromosomes. Saguinus oedipus was revealed as the species of origin...
  54. Kralik J, Hauser M, Zimlicki R. The relationship between problem solving and inhibitory control: cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) performance on a reversed contingency task. J Comp Psychol. 2002;116:39-50 pubmed
    ..between problem solving and inhibitory control, the authors present 4 experiments on cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) using a reverse-reward contingency task...
  55. Heymann E. Field observations of the golden-mantled tamarin, Saguinus tripartitus, on the Río Curaray, Peruvian Amazonia. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2000;71:392-8 pubmed
    ..in north-eastern Peruvian Amazonia, observations on the ecology and behaviour of the golden-mantled tamarin, Saguinus tripartitus, were made. Two groups consisting of 6 and 9 individuals were observed...
  56. Heymann E, Knogge C, Tirado Herrera E. Vertebrate predation by sympatric tamarins, Saguinus mystax and Saguinus fuscicollis. Am J Primatol. 2000;51:153-8 pubmed
    Vertebrate predation was examined in sympatric moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax) and saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis) in the Amazon rainforest of northeastern Peru...
  57. Matthews S, Snowdon C. Long-term memory for calls of relatives in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Comp Psychol. 2011;125:366-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrate under controlled captive conditions that cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) have a long-term memory for long calls of relatives from which they had been separated for periods ..