Summary: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.

Top Publications

  1. Moreira M. SRY evolution in Cebidae (Platyrrhini: Primates). J Mol Evol. 2002;55:92-103 pubmed
    ..Here we analyze the evolution of SRY among seven genera of New World monkeys belonging to the family Cebidae. Estimates of the number of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitutions indicated the absence of positive ..
  2. Zambon J, Sunday G, Smutko J. Molecular genetic analysis of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans epidemiology. J Periodontol. 1990;61:75-80 pubmed
    ..abstract truncated at 250 words)..
  3. Mudry M, Rahn I, Solari A. Meiosis and chromosome painting of sex chromosome systems in Ceboidea. Am J Primatol. 2001;54:65-78 pubmed
    ..Other members of the same genus should be investigated at meiosis and by chromosome painting in order to know the extent and distribution of this complex sex-chromosome system. ..
  4. Robertson B, Margolis H. Primate hepatitis B viruses - genetic diversity, geography and evolution. Rev Med Virol. 2002;12:133-41 pubmed
    ..The woolly monkey HBV is most divergent from other primate and human sequences, while the great ape HBV sequences cluster together with separate branches for each group. ..
  5. Nieves M, Ascunce M, Rahn M, Mudry M. Phylogenetic relationships among some Ateles species: the use of chromosomic and molecular characters. Primates. 2005;46:155-64 pubmed
    ..Particularly, chromosomic phylogenies showed A. hybridus as a divergent taxon from the remaining group, whereas A. chamek, A. belzebuth and A. marginatus form an unresolved clade with A. geoffroyi as sister group. ..
  6. Possamai C, Young R, de Oliveira R, Mendes S, Strier K. Age-related variation in copulations of male northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus). Folia Primatol (Basel). 2005;76:33-6 pubmed
  7. Oliveira D, Ades C. Long-distance calls in Neotropical primates. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2004;76:393-8 pubmed
    ..Future research must focus on larger trends in the evolution of primate long-distance calls, including the phylogeny of calling repertoires and the relationships between form and function in these signals. ..
  8. Stanyon R, Consigliere S, Bigoni F, Ferguson Smith M, O Brien P, Wienberg J. Reciprocal chromosome painting between a New World primate, the woolly monkey, and humans. Chromosome Res. 2001;9:97-106 pubmed
    ..A derived translocation between segments homologous to human chromosomes 4 and 15 is a synapomorphic marker linking all Atelines. These species may also be linked by fragmentation of homologs to human 1, 4, and 15. ..
  9. Ulijaszek S. Comparative energetics of primate fetal growth. Am J Hum Biol. 2002;14:603-8 pubmed

More Information

Publications114 found, 100 shown here

  1. Picone B, Dumas F, Stanyon R, Lannino A, Bigoni F, Privitera O, et al. Exploring evolution in Ceboidea (Platyrrhini, primates) by Williams-Beuren probe (HSA 7q11.23) chromosome mapping. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2008;79:417-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These data support recent proposals for phylogenomic groupings of New World monkeys. The study also illustrates how single-locus probe hybridisations can reveal intrachromosomal rearrangements. ..
  2. Borges B, Paiva T, Harada M. Evolution of the SEC1 gene in New World monkey lineages (Primates, Platyrrhini). Genet Mol Res. 2008;7:663-78 pubmed
    ..Likelihood-based inference of ancestral states for the activity of SEC1 leads us to suppose that inactivation of SEC1 in the Callitrichinae was a result of a more complex series of events than in Pithecia. ..
  3. Rommel F, Bendure D, Kalter S. Hemolytic complement in nonhuman primates. Lab Anim Sci. 1980;30:1026-9 pubmed
    ..Cebus monkeys had levels most similar to that of man while the baboon exhibited activity almost as low as that of the marmoset. ..
  4. Makinen M, Valtonen Andre C, Lundwall A. New world, but not Old World, monkeys carry several genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein. Eur J Biochem. 1999;264:407-14 pubmed
    ..A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the genes probably arose in New World monkeys after the separation from Old World primates...
  5. Fiore A. Ranging behavior and foraging ecology of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador. Am J Primatol. 2003;59:47-66 pubmed
  6. Lott L, Notvall L, Lanford R. Transcomplementation of core and polymerase functions of the woolly monkey and human hepatitis B viruses. Virology. 2003;308:330-9 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the conservation of function despite significant sequence divergence in these viruses. ..
  7. Tozawa H, Andoh S, Takayama Y, Tanaka Y, Lee B, Nakamura H, et al. Species-dependent antigenicity of the 34-kDa glycoprotein found on the membrane of various primate lymphocytes transformed by human T-cell leukemia virus type-I (HTLV-I) and simian T-cell leukemia virus (STLV-I). Int J Cancer. 1988;41:231-8 pubmed
    ..2 at 37 degrees C, TA34 antigen lost its reactivity with TAG34, suggesting that the antigen has an intramolecular S-S bond. Twenty sera of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) patients did not react with TA34 antigen in RIP tests. ..
  8. Mayer J, Meese E, Mueller Lantzsch N. Human endogenous retrovirus K homologous sequences and their coding capacity in Old World primates. J Virol. 1998;72:1870-5 pubmed
    ..Our study of the HERV-K family during Old World primate evolution contributes to the understanding of their possible biological functions in the host genomes...
  9. Rodrigues L, Barros R, Pissinati A, Pieczarka J, Nagamachi C. A new karyotype of an endangered primate species (Callicebus personatus) from the Brazilian Atlantic forests. Hereditas. 2004;140:87-91 pubmed
    ..Both the species diverge in the diploid number in consequence of a rearrangement type centric fusion/fission. Our results support personatus as a valid group and the specific status for C. personatus and C. nigrifrons. ..
  10. Sussman R, Garber P, Cheverud J. Importance of cooperation and affiliation in the evolution of primate sociality. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005;128:84-97 pubmed
    ..This is especially true under conditions in which individuals benefit from the collective environment of living in stable social groups. ..
  11. Hopkins W, Marino L. Asymmetries in cerebral width in nonhuman primate brains as revealed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Neuropsychologia. 2000;38:493-9 pubmed
    ..The results in the great apes are consistent with previous reports of petalia asymmetries and suggest that the use of MRI is a valid approach to the assessment of neuroanatomical asymmetries in primates. ..
  12. Schrenzel M, Osborn K, Shima A, Klieforth R, Maalouf G. Naturally occurring fatal herpes simplex virus 1 infection in a family of white-faced saki monkeys (Pithecia pithecia pithecia). J Med Primatol. 2003;32:7-14 pubmed
    ..These findings demonstrate the vulnerability of white-faced saki monkeys to HSV-1 and provide initial insight into the pathogenesis of fatal HSV-1-induced disease, indicating that apoptosis plays a significant role in cell death. ..
  13. Bicca Marques J. The win-stay rule in foraging decisions by free-ranging titi monkeys (Callicebus cupreus cupreus) and Tamarins (Saguinus imperator imperator and Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli). J Comp Psychol. 2005;119:343-51 pubmed
    ..All 3 species consistently adopted a win-stay rule for returning to reward platforms when their location was predictable over time but stopped using it when their spatial distribution changed randomly across experimental trials. ..
  14. Matano S, Hirasaki E. Volumetric comparisons in the cerebellar complex of anthropoids, with special reference to locomotor types. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1997;103:173-83 pubmed
    ..The differences between size indices of the nuclei of Macaca (= pronograde primate) and Ateles (= antipronograde one) are compared in relation to their vertical climbing kinesiological data. ..
  15. Riba Hernandez P, Stoner K, Osorio D. Effect of polymorphic colour vision for fruit detection in the spider monkey Ateles geoffroyi, and its implications for the maintenance of polymorphic colour vision in platyrrhine monkeys. J Exp Biol. 2004;207:2465-70 pubmed
    ..geofforyi. ..
  16. Corner B, Richtsmeier J. Cranial growth and growth dimorphism in Ateles geoffroyi. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1993;92:371-94 pubmed
    ..This difference suggests that A. geoffroyi females attain their adult cranial form slightly before males and implies a pattern of earlier onset of female maturity relative to males. ..
  17. Alfonso R, Romero R, Diaz A, Calderon M, Urdaneta G, Arce J, et al. Isolation and identification of mycobacteria in New World primates maintained in captivity. Vet Microbiol. 2004;98:285-95 pubmed
    ..tuberculosis detection in captive animals and that RFLP is a useful technique for MOTT identification. ..
  18. Prychitko T, Johnson R, Wildman D, Gumucio D, Goodman M. The phylogenetic history of New World monkey beta globin reveals a platyrrhine beta to delta gene conversion in the atelid ancestry. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2005;35:225-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This phylogeny generally agreed with results from other nuclear genes. The one exception was that the beta sequences did not place the callitrichine clade within the Cebidae but weakly joined the callitrichine and atelid clades.
  19. Massaro L, Liu Q, Visalberghi E, Fragaszy D. Wild bearded capuchin (Sapajus libidinosus) select hammer tools on the basis of both stone mass and distance from the anvil. Anim Cogn. 2012;15:1065-74 pubmed publisher
    ..We also developed a non-dimensional Preference index (P) defined as a function of the stone mass and the transport distance to describe monkey's choice. ..
  20. McEvoy S, Maeda N. Complex events in the evolution of the haptoglobin gene cluster in primates. J Biol Chem. 1988;263:15740-7 pubmed
    ..The crossover point lies within a 1.3-kilobase region containing exon 5 and 500 nucleotides 3' to the genes, but the exact point is obscured by a subsequent gene conversion event...
  21. Deming M, Dyer K, Bankier A, Piper M, Dear P, Rosenberg H. Ribonuclease k6: chromosomal mapping and divergent rates of evolution within the RNase A gene superfamily. Genome Res. 1998;8:599-607 pubmed
    ..The sequence data described in this paper have been submitted to the GenBank data library under accession nos. AF037081-AF037090.]..
  22. von Dornum M, Ruvolo M. Phylogenetic relationships of the New World monkeys (Primates, platyrrhini) based on nuclear G6PD DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1999;11:459-76 pubmed
  23. Blaise S, Ruggieri A, Dewannieux M, Cosset F, Heidmann T. Identification of an envelope protein from the FRD family of human endogenous retroviruses (HERV-FRD) conferring infectivity and functional conservation among simians. J Virol. 2004;78:1050-4 pubmed
    ..The functional characterization of the identified envelopes is strongly indicative of an ancestral retrovirus infection and endogenization, with some of the envelope functions subsequently retained in evolution...
  24. Mayeaux D, Mason W, Mendoza S. Developmental changes in responsiveness to parents and unfamiliar adults in a monogamous monkey (Callicebus moloch). Am J Primatol. 2002;58:71-89 pubmed
    ..Waning of attraction to parents may be less important in dispersal from the natal group than changing reactions to strangers. ..
  25. Wallace R. Seasonal variations in black-faced black spider monkey (Ateles chamek) habitat use and ranging behavior in a southern Amazonian tropical forest. Am J Primatol. 2006;68:313-32 pubmed
    ..Results are also discussed with reference to the behavioral ecology of the genus Ateles. ..
  26. Teixidor P, Byrne R. Can spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) discriminate vocalizations of familiar individuals and strangers?. Folia Primatol (Basel). 1997;68:254-64 pubmed
    ..These results are discussed with respect to acoustic, social and ecological factors that may lead to the apparent lack of vocal discrimination of strangers within the community range. ..
  27. Middleton S, Anzenberger G, Knapp L. Identification of New World monkey MHC-DRB alleles using PCR, DGGE and direct sequencing. Immunogenetics. 2004;55:785-90 pubmed
    ..Whereas traditional DRB typing via cloning and sequencing provides limited information, our new technique provides a simple and relatively rapid way of identifying New World monkey MHC-DRB alleles. ..
  28. Ribeiro I, Schrago C, Soares E, Pissinatti A, Seuanez H, Russo C, et al. CCR5 chemokine receptor gene evolution in New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates): implication on resistance to lentiviruses. Infect Genet Evol. 2005;5:271-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The high ccr5 genetic diversity observed in Platyrrhini, however, argues for a more extensive infection analysis of diverse NWM species to evaluate this resistance and the potential use of those primates as HIV/AIDS animal models...
  29. Boyer D, Ramos Fernandez G, Miramontes O, Mateos J, Cocho G, Larralde H, et al. Scale-free foraging by primates emerges from their interaction with a complex environment. Proc Biol Sci. 2006;273:1743-50 pubmed
    ..We discuss the consequences that our results may have for the patterns of seed dispersal by foraging primates. ..
  30. Schoeninger M, Iwaniec U, Glander K. Stable isotope ratios indicate diet and habitat use in New World monkeys. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1997;103:69-83 pubmed
    ..In combination, these data indicate that museum-curated primate material can be analyzed to yield information on forest cover and diet in populations and species lacking behavioral data. ..
  31. Nagamine Y, Satoh Y, Shimizu D, Iwasaki S, Terada K. Relationship between masticatory rhythm, body mass and mandibular morphology in primates. Arch Oral Biol. 2013;58:1084-91 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that masticatory rhythm is correlated with body mass and mandibular morphology, and that scaling rate of masticatory rhythm to body mass is slower than for the other rhythms. ..
  32. Doolittle R, Hunkapiller M, Hood L, Devare S, Robbins K, Aaronson S, et al. Simian sarcoma virus onc gene, v-sis, is derived from the gene (or genes) encoding a platelet-derived growth factor. Science. 1983;221:275-7 pubmed
    ..The mechanism by which v-sis transforms cells could involve the constitutive expression of a protein with functions similar or identical to those of a factor active transiently during normal cell growth...
  33. Dietz H, Henriksen P, Bille Hansen V, Henriksen S. Toxoplasmosis in a colony of New World monkeys. Vet Parasitol. 1997;68:299-304 pubmed
    ..Some considerations on epidemiology are presented. Preventive measures were directed against the bottom layer of the cages, on cockroach extermination, and on freezing of raw meat. ..
  34. Jacobs G, Deegan J. Cone pigment variations in four genera of new world monkeys. Vision Res. 2003;43:227-36 pubmed
    ..Across subjects a total of five different M/L cone pigments were inferred with a subset of three of these present in each species. ..
  35. Boissinot S, Roos C, Furano A. Different rates of LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposon amplification and evolution in New World monkeys. J Mol Evol. 2004;58:122-30 pubmed
    ..In contrast, we found no evidence for a species-specific subfamily in Ateles, a result consistent with the low L1 activity in this species for the last approximately 25 My. ..
  36. Samoilovich S, Rondinone S, Laguens R, Colillas O, Frigerio M, Weissenbacher M. [Infection of New World primates with Junín virus. IV. Aotus trivirgatus]. Rev Argent Microbiol. 1983;15:219-22 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the owl monkey suffers a subclinical infection when inoculated with Junin virus, similar to that seen in other primate species (Saimiri sciureus and Alouatta caraya)...
  37. Defler T. Locomotion and posture in Lagothrix lagotricha. Folia Primatol (Basel). 1999;70:313-27 pubmed
    ..The generic differences reflect differences in habitat use and particularly foraging ecology. ..
  38. Fleishman S, Dagan T, Graur D. pANT: a method for the pairwise assessment of nonfunctionalization times of processed pseudogenes. Mol Biol Evol. 2003;20:1876-80 pubmed
  39. Hernandez Salazar L, Laska M, Rodriguez Luna E. Olfactory sensitivity for aliphatic esters in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Behav Neurosci. 2003;117:1142-9 pubmed
    ..These findings support the assumption that between-species comparisons of neuroanatomical features are poor predictors of olfactory performance. ..
  40. Campbell C. Copulation in free-ranging black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Am J Primatol. 2006;68:507-11 pubmed
    ..All but one copulatory event occurred in complete seclusion from other adult males, and sexual behavior was not limited to any one adult male in the group. ..
  41. Hogg R, Walker R. Life-history correlates of enamel microstructure in cebidae (Platyrrhini, Primates). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011;294:2193-206 pubmed publisher
    ..This study examines dental microstructure of the New World monkey family, Cebidae, to provide further insight into forces influencing the evolution of primate dental ontogeny...
  42. Padberg J, Disbrow E, Krubitzer L. The organization and connections of anterior and posterior parietal cortex in titi monkeys: do New World monkeys have an area 2?. Cereb Cortex. 2005;15:1938-63 pubmed
    ..Such connections could form the substrate for intentional reaching, grasping and intermanual transfer of information necessary for bilateral coordination of the hands. ..
  43. Sampaio D, Ferrari S. Predation of an infant titi monkey (Callicebus moloch) by a tufted capuchin (Cebus apella). Folia Primatol (Basel). 2005;76:113-5 pubmed
  44. Gregorin R, de Vivo M. Revalidation of Saguinus ursula Hoffmannsegg (Primates: Cebidae: Callitrichinae). Zootaxa. 2013;3721:172-82 pubmed
    ..Saguinus ursulus and S. niger are allopatric, and Tocantins River is putatively acting as an effective barrier for gene flow. A lectotype to S. ursulus from syntypes was designated. ..
  45. Di Bitetti M, Janson C. When will the stork arrive? Patterns of birth seasonality in neotropical primates. Am J Primatol. 2000;50:109-30 pubmed
    ..The pattern of births of the atelines is consistent with the weaning hypothesis. However, since they give birth during the lean season, this pattern is also consistent with an alternative strategy...
  46. Laska M, Tutsch M. Laterality of tail resting posture in three species of New World primates. Neuropsychologia. 2000;38:1040-6 pubmed
  47. Hirasaki E, Kumakura H, Matano S. Biomechanical analysis of vertical climbing in the spider monkey and the Japanese macaque. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2000;113:455-72 pubmed
  48. Edelmann L, Stankiewicz P, Spiteri E, Pandita R, Shaffer L, Lupski J, et al. Two functional copies of the DGCR6 gene are present on human chromosome 22q11 due to a duplication of an ancestral locus. Genome Res. 2001;11:208-17 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, a full-length HERV-K provirus integrated into the sc11.1a locus after the divergence of chimpanzees and humans...
  49. Llorens L, Casinos A, Berge C, Majoral M, Jouffroy F. A biomechanical study of the long bones in platyrrhines. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2001;72:201-16 pubmed
    ..Strength indicators showed a high variability in the relative importance of axial and bending loadings. Results are consistent with field observations of locomotor behaviour, mainly as regards quadrupedalism versus suspensory locomotion...
  50. Müller A, Anzenberger G. Duetting in the Titi monkey Callicebus cupreus: structure, pair specificity and development of duets. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2002;73:104-15 pubmed
    ..The two examined newly formed pairs produced species-typical duets from the first day on, but their duets showed greater variability in sequence durations than those of established pairs...
  51. Epiphanio S, Sinhorini I, Catão Dias J. Pathology of toxoplasmosis in captive new world primates. J Comp Pathol. 2003;129:196-204 pubmed
    ..4%), interstitial pneumonia (90.3%) and necrotic splenitis (71.4%). The gross post-mortem changes in cebids were more variable than those observed in callitrichids, a fact that may complicate the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in cebids...
  52. Savastano G, Hanson A, McCann C. The development of an operant conditioning training program for new world primates at the Bronx Zoo. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2003;6:247-61 pubmed
    ..During daily training displays, zoo visitors experienced interactive animals while learning the importance of low-stress animal husbandry...
  53. Yi S, Summers T, Pearson N, Li W. Recombination has little effect on the rate of sequence divergence in pseudoautosomal boundary 1 among humans and great apes. Genome Res. 2004;14:37-43 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the mutagenic effect of recombination is far weaker than previously proposed, at least in hominoid PABs...
  54. Bloch J, Woodruff E, Wood A, Rincon A, Harrington A, Morgan G, et al. First North American fossil monkey and early Miocene tropical biotic interchange. Nature. 2016;533:243-6 pubmed publisher
    ..diversification of extant New World monkeys occurred in the tropics, with new divergence estimates for Cebidae between 22 and 25?Ma, and provides the oldest fossil evidence for mammalian interchange between South and North ..
  55. Demes P, Pindak F, Wells D, Gardner W. Adherence and surface properties of Tritrichomonas mobilensis, an intestinal parasite of the squirrel monkey. Parasitol Res. 1989;75:589-94 pubmed
    ..Agglutination of live protozoa by animal and plant lectins with various carbohydrate-binding specificities as well as the occurrence of an electron-dense cell coat on plasma membrane suggest marked glycosylation of the parasite surface...
  56. Tsunoda A, Yamada M, Komatsuzaki A. Influence of phylogeny on jugular fossa shape and otological disorders. J Laryngol Otol. 1997;111:1027-33 pubmed
    ..The shape of the jugular fossa and its positional relationship to the tympanic cavity were considered from the viewpoint of the influence of phylogeny and the possible relationship to various otological problems...
  57. Takai M, Anaya F, Shigehara N, Setoguchi T. New fossil materials of the earliest new world monkey, Branisella boliviana, and the problem of platyrrhine origins. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2000;111:263-81 pubmed
    ..The origin and early diversification of platyrrhine monkeys might have occurred on the African continent before crossing the Atlantic Ocean...
  58. Stanyon R, Consigliere S, Muller S, Morescalchi A, Neusser M, Wienberg J. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) maps chromosomal homologies between the dusky titi and squirrel monkey. Am J Primatol. 2000;50:95-107 pubmed
    ..1986] showed that there were many errors in assigning homology with human chromosomes. The chromosomal phylogeny of New World monkeys based on banding patterns is in need of revision using modern molecular methods...
  59. Collins A, Dubach J. Nuclear DNA variation in spider monkeys (Ateles). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2001;19:67-75 pubmed
  60. Cant J, Youlatos D, Rose M. Locomotor behavior of Lagothrix lagothricha and Ateles belzebuth in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador: general patterns and nonsuspensory modes. J Hum Evol. 2001;41:141-66 pubmed
    ..Further research is needed to determine how these patterns are facilitated and constrained by morphological mechanisms. Analysis of specific locomotor modes within groups shows several interspecific differences in relative frequencies...
  61. Hernández López L, Parra G, Cerda Molina A, Pérez Bolaños S, Díaz Sánchez V, Mondragón Ceballos R. Sperm quality differences between the rainy and dry seasons in captive black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Am J Primatol. 2002;57:35-41 pubmed
    ..The individual animals showed differences in sperm concentration, although there were no differences in sperm quality...
  62. Urbani B. A field observation on color selection by New World sympatric primates, Pithecia pithecia and Alouatta seniculus. Primates. 2002;43:95-101 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, a possible differential acquisition of chemical components, like tannins, is hypothetically treated considering the variation in fruit color...
  63. Shimooka Y. Seasonal variation in association patterns of wild spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth belzebuth) at La Macarena, Colombia. Primates. 2003;44:83-90 pubmed
    ..For males, party formation may facilitate the defense of resources from neighboring groups more than provide predation avoidance...
  64. Coq J, Qi H, Collins C, Kaas J. Anatomical and functional organization of somatosensory areas of the lateral fissure of the New World titi monkey (Callicebus moloch). J Comp Neurol. 2004;476:363-87 pubmed
    ..The present study demonstrates features of somatosensory cortex of other monkeys in titi monkeys, while revealing additional features that likely apply to other primates...
  65. Barrera A, Guerra B, Notvall L, Lanford R. Mapping of the hepatitis B virus pre-S1 domain involved in receptor recognition. J Virol. 2005;79:9786-98 pubmed
  66. Valderrama Aguirre A, Quintero G, Gomez A, Castellanos A, Pérez Y, Mendez F, et al. Antigenicity, immunogenicity, and protective efficacy of Plasmodium vivax MSP1 PV200l: a potential malaria vaccine subunit. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005;73:16-24 pubmed
    ..vivax parasites. Immunized monkeys displayed partial protection against a challenge with P. vivax blood stages. Our results suggest that Pv200L is a new malaria vaccine subunit and deserves further testing...
  67. Marcili A, Valente V, Valente S, Junqueira A, da Silva F, Pinto A, et al. Trypanosoma cruzi in Brazilian Amazonia: Lineages TCI and TCIIa in wild primates, Rhodnius spp. and in humans with Chagas disease associated with oral transmission. Int J Parasitol. 2009;39:615-23 pubmed publisher
    ..cruzi populations circulating in Amazonia, and they contribute to both the unravelling of human infection routes and the pathological peculiarities of Chagas disease in this region...
  68. Hamrick M. Functional and adaptive significance of primate pads and claws: evidence from New World anthropoids. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1998;106:113-27 pubmed
    ..Finally, results from this study support previous suggestions that the keeled tegulae of callitrichines represent a derived postural adaptation rather than a primitive retention from an ancestral eutherian condition...
  69. Houle A. The origin of platyrrhines: An evaluation of the Antarctic scenario and the floating island model. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1999;109:541-59 pubmed
    ..e., everything available on the floating island...
  70. Iwanaga S, Ferrari S. Geographic distribution and abundance of woolly (Lagothrix cana) and spider (Ateles chamek) monkeys in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia. Am J Primatol. 2002;56:57-64 pubmed
    ..The transitional forest that predominates in the extreme south of Rondônia (Hylea-cerrado) is not a barrier to either species, with both species being tolerant of habitat disturbance when hunting pressure is low...
  71. Preuss T, Coleman G. Human-specific organization of primary visual cortex: alternating compartments of dense Cat-301 and calbindin immunoreactivity in layer 4A. Cereb Cortex. 2002;12:671-91 pubmed
    ..The calbindin-rich compartments in human layer 4A cannot be related to a particular geniculostriate pathway on neurochemical grounds; they may constitute an interneuronal population that increased in human evolution...
  72. Demanche C, Guillot J, Berthelemy M, Petitt T, Roux P, Wakefield A. Absence of mutations associated with sulfa resistance in Pneumocystis carinii dihydropteroate synthase gene from non-human primates. Med Mycol. 2002;40:315-8 pubmed
    ..carinii DHPS sequence at codons 55 and 57 was observed. These data support the hypothesis that high rates of DHPS mutants in P. carinii f. sp. hominis have arisen with increased use of sulfa drugs for P. carinii pneumonia prophylaxis...
  73. Ellenbroek B, Liégeois J. JL 13, an atypical antipsychotic: a preclinical review. CNS Drug Rev. 2003;9:41-56 pubmed
    ..Moreover, its electrooxidation potential was close to that of loxapine and far from that of clozapine. Taking all these preclinical data into account, it appears that JL 13 is a promising atypical antipsychotic drug...
  74. Liman E, Innan H. Relaxed selective pressure on an essential component of pheromone transduction in primate evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:3328-32 pubmed
    ..We propose that, at this point in evolution, other modalities, notably the development of color vision, may have largely replaced signaling by pheromones...
  75. Kay R, Campbell V, Rossie J, Colbert M, Rowe T. Olfactory fossa of Tremacebus harringtoni (platyrrhini, early Miocene, Sacanana, Argentina): implications for activity pattern. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2004;281:1157-72 pubmed
    ..This finding accords well with previous observations that the orbits of Tremacebus are not as large as nocturnal Aotus...
  76. Walker S. Leaping behavior of Pithecia pithecia and Chiropotes satanas in eastern Venezuela. Am J Primatol. 2005;66:369-87 pubmed
    ..This example of variation within one behavioral category has implications for devising locomotor classifications and interpreting fossil remains...
  77. González Alvarez R, Revol de Mendoza A, Esquivel Escobedo D, Corrales Félix G, Rodríguez Sánchez I, Gonzalez V, et al. Growth hormone locus expands and diverges after the separation of New and Old World Monkeys. Gene. 2006;380:38-45 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, we observed that the short intergenic regions (6 kb) increased by a different recombination event...
  78. Osterholz M, Walter L, Roos C. Retropositional events consolidate the branching order among New World monkey genera. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2009;50:507-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Several of them confirmed the monophyly of the three families Cebidae, Atelidae and Pitheciidae as well as of the subfamily Callithrichinae...
  79. Guindon S. From trajectories to averages: an improved description of the heterogeneity of substitution rates along lineages. Syst Biol. 2013;62:22-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The computer programme PhyTime, part of the PhyML package and implementing the new approach, is available from (last accessed 1 August 2012)...
  80. Norconk M, Grafton B, Conklin Brittain N. Seed dispersal by neotropical seed predators. Am J Primatol. 1998;45:103-26 pubmed
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