cercopithecidae

Summary

Summary: The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.

Top Publications

  1. Newman R, Hall L, Kirmaier A, Pozzi L, Pery E, Farzan M, et al. Evolution of a TRIM5-CypA splice isoform in old world monkeys. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4:e1000003 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether the formation of novel genes through alternative splicing has played a wider role in the evolution of the TRIM family remains to be investigated...
  2. Makinen M, Valtonen Andre C, Lundwall A. New world, but not Old World, monkeys carry several genes encoding beta-microseminoprotein. Eur J Biochem. 1999;264:407-14 pubmed
    ..A phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the genes probably arose in New World monkeys after the separation from Old World primates...
  3. Roos C, Nadler T, Walter L. Mitochondrial phylogeny, taxonomy and biogeography of the silvered langur species group (Trachypithecus cristatus). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;47:629-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Later on, the Malaysian form colonised further regions of the Sunda region, including Sumatra, Borneo and the Natuna archipelago...
  4. Bonhomme M, Blancher A, Crouau Roy B. Multiplexed microsatellites for rapid identification and characterization of individuals and populations of Cercopithecidae. Am J Primatol. 2005;67:385-91 pubmed
    ..mulatta) macaques and 11 other Cercopithecidae species of biomedical and conservation relevance...
  5. Stewart C, Disotell T. Primate evolution - in and out of Africa. Curr Biol. 1998;8:R582-8 pubmed
  6. Meyer D, Rinaldi I, Ramlee H, Perwitasari Farajallah D, Hodges J, Roos C. Mitochondrial phylogeny of leaf monkeys (genus Presbytis, Eschscholtz, 1821) with implications for taxonomy and conservation. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;59:311-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, further studies including nuclear sequence data are necessary to completely understand the evolutionary history of the genus, and to address possible hybridization events among taxa...
  7. Md Zain B, Mohamad M, Ernie Muneerah M, Ampeng A, Jasmi A, Lakim M, et al. Phylogenetic relationships of Malaysian monkeys, Cercopithecidae, based on mitochondrial cytochrome c sequences. Genet Mol Res. 2010;9:1987-96 pubmed publisher
    Mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase II (COII) gene sequences of Malaysian Cercopithecidae were examined to ascertain their phylogenetic relationships...
  8. Jablonski N, Leakey M, Kiarie C, Anton M. A new skeleton of Theropithecus brumpti (Primates: Cercopithecidae) from Lomekwi, West Turkana, Kenya. J Hum Evol. 2002;43:887-923 pubmed
    ..T. brumpti, as represented by KNM-WT 39368, is seen as a large, colorfully decorated, and basically terrestrial papionin that was restricted to riverine forest habitats in the Lake Turkana Basin from the middle to latest Pliocene...
  9. Boniotto M, Antcheva N, Zelezetsky I, Tossi A, Palumbo V, Verga Falzacappa M, et al. A study of host defence peptide beta-defensin 3 in primates. Biochem J. 2003;374:707-14 pubmed

More Information

Publications89

  1. Bonnaud B, Beliaeff J, Bouton O, Oriol G, Duret L, Mallet F. Natural history of the ERVWE1 endogenous retroviral locus. Retrovirology. 2005;2:57 pubmed
    ..The encoded Env protein (Syncytin) is involved in hominoid placental physiology...
  2. Newman R, Hall L, Connole M, Chen G, Sato S, Yuste E, et al. Balancing selection and the evolution of functional polymorphism in Old World monkey TRIM5alpha. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:19134-9 pubmed
  3. Wich S, Steenbeek R, Sterck E, Korstjens A, Willems E, van Schaik C. Demography and life history of Thomas langurs (Presbytis thomasi). Am J Primatol. 2007;69:641-51 pubmed
    ..A comparison with life history data for sympatric frugivorous primates suggests that folivory might be associated with faster life history...
  4. Jin T, Wang D, Zhao Q, Yin L, Qin D, Ran W, et al. Social organization of white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) in the Nongguan Karst Hills, Guangxi, China. Am J Primatol. 2009;71:206-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The possible reasons for the occurrence of multi-male groups and the presence of juvenile females in nonreproductive groups are also discussed...
  5. Xing J, Witherspoon D, Ray D, Batzer M, Jorde L. Mobile DNA elements in primate and human evolution. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;Suppl 45:2-19 pubmed
    ..Finally, these elements have had impacts on the genome itself. We review how they have influenced fundamental ongoing processes like nonhomologous recombination, genomic deletion, and X chromosome inactivation...
  6. Ting N, Tosi A, Li Y, Zhang Y, Disotell T. Phylogenetic incongruence between nuclear and mitochondrial markers in the Asian colobines and the evolution of the langurs and leaf monkeys. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;46:466-74 pubmed publisher
    ..05). We suggest that differential lineage sorting or ancient hybridization may be the cause of this strong discordance between the mitochondrial and X-chromosomal markers in these taxa...
  7. Koralnik I, Boeri E, Saxinger W, Monico A, Fullen J, Gessain A, et al. Phylogenetic associations of human and simian T-cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type I strains: evidence for interspecies transmission. J Virol. 1994;68:2693-707 pubmed
    ..Geographic concordance of divergent host species that harbor closely related viruses reinforces that physical feasibility for hypothesized interspecies virus transmission in the past and in the present...
  8. Wyckoff G, Wang W, Wu C. Rapid evolution of male reproductive genes in the descent of man. Nature. 2000;403:304-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results open up opportunities to test the hypothesis that sexual selection plays some role in the molecular evolution of higher primates...
  9. Liman E, Innan H. Relaxed selective pressure on an essential component of pheromone transduction in primate evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:3328-32 pubmed
    ..We propose that, at this point in evolution, other modalities, notably the development of color vision, may have largely replaced signaling by pheromones...
  10. Zhang J, Webb D. Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:8337-41 pubmed
  11. Ventura M, Mudge J, Palumbo V, Burn S, Blennow E, Pierluigi M, et al. Neocentromeres in 15q24-26 map to duplicons which flanked an ancestral centromere in 15q25. Genome Res. 2003;13:2059-68 pubmed
    ..The high frequency of neocentromere emergence in the 15q24-26 region and the high density of clinically important duplicons are, therefore, understandable in the light of the evolutionary history of this region...
  12. Raaum R, Sterner K, Noviello C, Stewart C, Disotell T. Catarrhine primate divergence dates estimated from complete mitochondrial genomes: concordance with fossil and nuclear DNA evidence. J Hum Evol. 2005;48:237-57 pubmed
    ..p. abelii, 4.1 (3.5-4.7) Ma; and Pan troglodytes-P. paniscus, 2.4 (2.0-2.7) Ma. These dates were similar to those found using penalized likelihood on other subsets of the data, but slightly younger than several of the Bayesian estimates...
  13. Xing J, Wang H, Han K, Ray D, Huang C, Chemnick L, et al. A mobile element based phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2005;37:872-80 pubmed
    ..Relationships among all major clades are in general agreement with other molecular and morphological data sets but have stronger statistical support...
  14. Wich S, Schel A, de Vries H. Geographic variation in Thomas langur (Presbytis thomasi) loud calls. Am J Primatol. 2008;70:566-74 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss that differences in loud calls are probably most parsimoniously explained by gene flow (or the lack thereof) between the populations and that future studies of genetic differences are crucial to test this hypothesis...
  15. Cáceres M, Thomas J. The gene of retroviral origin Syncytin 1 is specific to hominoids and is inactive in Old World monkeys. J Hered. 2006;97:100-6 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that Syncytin 1 is indeed a hominoid-specific gene and illustrate the complex and dynamic process associated with the origin of new genes...
  16. Cardone M, Alonso A, Pazienza M, Ventura M, Montemurro G, Carbone L, et al. Independent centromere formation in a capricious, gene-free domain of chromosome 13q21 in Old World monkeys and pigs. Genome Biol. 2006;7:R91 pubmed
  17. Vun V, Mahani M, Lakim M, Ampeng A, Md Zain B. Phylogenetic relationships of leaf monkeys (Presbytis; Colobinae) based on cytochrome b and 12S rRNA genes. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:368-81 pubmed publisher
    ..rubicunda and P. hosei. The genus Trachypithecus (Cercopithecidae) was used as an outgroup. The Cyt b NJ and MP phylogeny trees showed P. m...
  18. Osterholz M, Walter L, Roos C. Phylogenetic position of the langur genera Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus among Asian colobines, and genus affiliations of their species groups. BMC Evol Biol. 2008;8:58 pubmed publisher
    ..To address these issues, mitochondrial and Y chromosomal sequence data were phylogenetically related and combined with presence/absence analyses of retroposon integrations...
  19. Wang D, Ran W, Jin T, Pan W. Population census of the white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) at Longrui Karst Hills, Guangxi, China. Primates. 2005;46:219-22 pubmed
    ..Poaching was very common in the past and continues to be a problem at present, and it is likely that this has caused the decrease in the white-headed langur population at Longrui Karst Hills...
  20. Zalmout I, Sanders W, MacLatchy L, Gunnell G, Al Mufarreh Y, Ali M, et al. New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys. Nature. 2010;466:360-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Saadanius has a tubular ectotympanic but lacks synapomorphies of either group of crown Catarrhini, and we infer that the hominoid-cercopithecoid split happened later, between 29-28 and 24 Myr ago...
  21. Dietrich E, Jones Engel L, Hu S. Evolution of the antiretroviral restriction factor TRIMCyp in Old World primates. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e14019 pubmed publisher
    ..Studies of these antiviral proteins may provide valuable information about natural antiviral mechanisms, and give further insight into the factors that shaped the evolution of macaque species...
  22. Yi S, Ellsworth D, Li W. Slow molecular clocks in Old World monkeys, apes, and humans. Mol Biol Evol. 2002;19:2191-8 pubmed
  23. Nathans J, Thomas D, Hogness D. Molecular genetics of human color vision: the genes encoding blue, green, and red pigments. Science. 1986;232:193-202 pubmed
    ..Green pigment genes vary in number among color-normal individuals and, together with a single red pigment gene, are proposed to reside in a head-to-tail tandem array within the X chromosome...
  24. Jablonski N, Whitfort M, Roberts Smith N, Qinqi X. The influence of life history and diet on the distribution of catarrhine primates during the Pleistocene in eastern Asia. J Hum Evol. 2000;39:131-57 pubmed
    ..This ability made possible their colonization, by the Late Pleistocene, of highly seasonal habitats such as tundra, which were off-limits to non-culture-bearing catarrhines...
  25. Diehl W, Stansell E, Kaiser S, Emerman M, Hunter E. Identification of postentry restrictions to Mason-Pfizer monkey virus infection in New World monkey cells. J Virol. 2008;82:11140-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that TRIM5alpha specificity extends to betaretroviruses and suggest that New World monkeys have evolved additional mechanisms to restrict the infection of at least one primate betaretrovirus...
  26. Bunn J, Ungar P. Dental topography and diets of four old world monkey species. Am J Primatol. 2009;71:466-77 pubmed publisher
  27. Zhao D, Gao X, Li B. Hand preference for spontaneously unimanual and bimanual coordinated tasks in wild Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys: Implication for hemispheric specialization. Behav Brain Res. 2010;208:85-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Hand preference and other lateral biases in rehabilitated orangutans, Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus. Anim Behav 1996;51:13-25]. The results in R. roxellana support the theory of task complexity as well as the postural origin hypothesis. ..
  28. Wich S, Fredriksson G, Sterck E. Measuring fruit patch size for three sympatric indonesian primate species. Primates. 2002;43:19-27 pubmed
    ..The use of trees of different sizes, however, may be regulated by food competition. This indicates that sympatric primates make different foraging decisions and that behavioural measures of food availability will be less reliable. ..
  29. Seo J, Bontrop R, Walter L, Gunther E. Major histocompatibility complex-linked MIC genes in rhesus macaques and other primates. Immunogenetics. 1999;50:358-62 pubmed
  30. Gromoll J, Weinbauer G, Skaletsky H, Schlatt S, Rocchietti March M, Page D, et al. The Old World monkey DAZ (Deleted in AZoospermia) gene yields insights into the evolution of the DAZ gene cluster on the human Y chromosome. Hum Mol Genet. 1999;8:2017-24 pubmed
    ..These findings point to an additional function of cynDAZ / cynDAZL1 during spermato- genesis in the Old World monkey not needed in the New World monkey...
  31. Haitina T, Ringholm A, Kelly J, Mundy N, Schioth H. High diversity in functional properties of melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) in divergent primate species is more strongly associated with phylogeny than coat color. Mol Biol Evol. 2007;24:2001-8 pubmed
    ..This diversity of function is broadly associated with primate phylogeny and does not have a simple relation to coat color phenotype within primate clades. ..
  32. McGraw W. Comparative locomotion and habitat use of six monkeys in the Tai Forest, Ivory Coast. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1998;105:493-510 pubmed
    ..Some of the factors contributing to the manner that locomotion, body size, and habitat use are related in cercopithecid monkeys are discussed. ..
  33. Munene E, Otsyula M, Mbaabu D, Mutahi W, Muriuki S, Muchemi G. Helminth and protozoan gastrointestinal tract parasites in captive and wild-trapped African non-human primates. Vet Parasitol. 1998;78:195-201 pubmed
    ..Similar intervention against protozoa and other agents will not only improve primate health, but also increase safety to animal handlers and colony workers...
  34. Pickering T, Clarke R, Heaton J. The context of Stw 573, an early hominid skull and skeleton from Sterkfontein Member 2: taphonomy and paleoenvironment. J Hum Evol. 2004;46:279-97 pubmed
    ..pardus and suggested by the presence of Alcelaphini. Finally, the reconstructed taphonomic and paleoenvironmental settings of Sterkfontein Member 2 are compared to penecontemporaneous sites in South and East Africa. ..
  35. Bowmaker J, Astell S, Hunt D, Mollon J. Photosensitive and photostable pigments in the retinae of Old World monkeys. J Exp Biol. 1991;156:1-19 pubmed
    ..The latter pigment has a peak sensitivity close to 420 nm and an absorbance spectrum that is narrower than that of a photosensitive visual pigment. ..
  36. Dean M, Leakey M. Enamel and dentine development and the life history profile of Victoriapithecus macinnesi from Maboko Island, Kenya. Ann Anat. 2004;186:405-12 pubmed
    ..A speculative picture of dental development in Victoriapithecus emerges that is slower than that known for modern vervet monkeys and may have been more similar to that in some smaller modern macaque species. ..
  37. Gilbert C, Goble E, Hill A. Miocene cercopithecoidea from the Tugen Hills, Kenya. J Hum Evol. 2010;59:465-83 pubmed publisher
  38. Pan D, Fu Y, Zhang Y. [Population genetics of Rhinopithecus bieti: a study of the mitochondrial control region]. Yi Chuan. 2006;28:432-6 pubmed
    ..Nonetheless, if the effects of population structure and migration are considered, the true level of polymorphism of the Weixi population may be not as high as observed. ..
  39. Hanlon C, Rubinsztein D. Arginine residues at codons 112 and 158 in the apolipoprotein E gene correspond to the ancestral state in humans. Atherosclerosis. 1995;112:85-90 pubmed
    ..All were similar to apo E4. This suggests that apo E4 is the ancestral allele and that apo E2 and apo E3 arose after the split of the human and chimpanzee lineages. ..
  40. Rossie J, Gilbert C, Hill A. Early cercopithecid monkeys from the Tugen Hills, Kenya. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:5818-22 pubmed publisher
    The modern Old World Monkeys (Superfamily Cercopithecoidea, Family Cercopithecidae) can be traced back into the late Miocene, but their origin and subsequent diversification is obscured by the scarcity of terrestrial fossil sites in ..
  41. Marx P, Li Y, Lerche N, Sutjipto S, Gettie A, Yee J, et al. Isolation of a simian immunodeficiency virus related to human immunodeficiency virus type 2 from a west African pet sooty mangabey. J Virol. 1991;65:4480-5 pubmed
    ..These observations provide additional evidence for monkey-human cross-species transmission of SIVsm as the source of HIV-2 infection of human. ..
  42. Yap M, Lindemann D, Stanke N, Reh J, Westphal D, Hanenberg H, et al. Restriction of foamy viruses by primate Trim5alpha. J Virol. 2008;82:5429-39 pubmed publisher
    ..This region most likely corresponds to the capsid of conventional retroviruses. Due to their unique replication strategy, FVs should provide a valuable new system to examine the mechanism of retroviral restriction by Trim5alpha. ..
  43. Schel A, Tranquilli S, Zuberbuhler K. The alarm call system of two species of black-and-white colobus monkeys (Colobus polykomos and Colobus guereza). J Comp Psychol. 2009;123:136-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors discuss how these call sequences have the potential to encode information at different levels, such as predator type, response-urgency, or the caller's imminent behavior...
  44. Subbarao K, Roberts A. Is there an ideal animal model for SARS?. Trends Microbiol. 2006;14:299-303 pubmed
    ..Here, we suggest aspects of an ideal animal model for studies of SARS pathogenesis and vaccine development and present our assessment of the strengths and limitations of the current animal models for SARS. ..
  45. Ekanayake D, Arulkanthan A, Horadagoda N, Sanjeevani G, Kieft R, Gunatilake S, et al. Prevalence of cryptosporidium and other enteric parasites among wild non-human primates in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74:322-9 pubmed
    ..g., Enterobius and Strongyloides). The transmission of these parasites among primates in the wild may have important implications for public health as well as wildlife conservation management. ..
  46. Elston G, Elston A, Kaas J, Casagrande V. Regional specialization in pyramidal cell structure in the visual cortex of the galago: an intracellular injection study of striate and extrastriate areas with comparative notes on new world and old world monkeys. Brain Behav Evol. 2005;66:10-21 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that regional specialization in pyramidal cell phenotype was a likely feature of cortex in a common ancestor of simian and prosimian primates, but the degree of specialization varies between species...
  47. Shaw J, Marks J, Shen C, Shen C. Anomalous and selective DNA mutations of the Old World monkey alpha-globin genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989;86:1312-6 pubmed
  48. Compton A, Emerman M. Convergence and divergence in the evolution of the APOBEC3G-Vif interaction reveal ancient origins of simian immunodeficiency viruses. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003135 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analysis of virus-driven evolution describes an ancient yet ongoing genetic conflict between simian primates and lentiviruses on a million-year time scale...
  49. Kawashima T, Akita K, Sato K, Sasaki H. Evolutionary and comparative anatomical investigations of the autonomic cardiac nervous system in the African Cercopithecidae. J Morphol. 2007;268:771-90 pubmed
    ..architecture and morphological variations of the autonomic cardiac nervous system (ACNS) in the African Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys), and to discuss the evolutionary changes between this system in African/Asian ..
  50. Nijman V, Nekaris K. Loud calls, startle behaviour, social organisation and predator avoidance in arboreal langurs (Cercopithecidae: Presbytis). Folia Primatol (Basel). 2012;83:274-87 pubmed publisher
    ..This wide range of antipredator strategies within a monophyletic taxon living in the same general area with a similar suite of predators facing similar predator pressures appears to be unique among the order Primates. ..
  51. Matsui A, Go Y, Niimura Y. Degeneration of olfactory receptor gene repertories in primates: no direct link to full trichromatic vision. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:1192-200 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the degeneration of OR genes in primates cannot simply be explained by the acquisition of trichromatic vision, and our sense of smell may not be inferior to other primate species. ..
  52. Koyabu D, Endo H. Craniodental mechanics and diet in Asian colobines: Morphological evidence of mature seed predation and sclerocarpy. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;142:137-48 pubmed publisher
    ..phayrei. Our findings indicate that the distinctive craniodental variations of colobines may be linked to mature and/or immature seed eating and suggest the significance of seed predation for the evolution of colobine monkeys...
  53. Yiming L. The seasonal daily travel in a group of Sichuan snub-nosed monkey (Pygathrix roxellana) in Shennongjia Nature Reserve, China. Primates. 2002;43:271-6 pubmed
    ..Seasonal food availability, length of daytime, and mean travel distance (m/hr) during daytime might have contributed to the different daily travel distances in different seasons...
  54. Rodriguez I, Welsh R. Possible role of a cell surface carbohydrate in evolution of resistance to viral infections in old world primates. J Virol. 2013;87:8317-26 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that ?1,3GT activity plays a role in the course of infections for certain viruses. Furthermore, this study has implications for the evolution of resistance to viral infections in primates. ..
  55. Nakayama E, Shingai Y, Kono K, Shioda T. TRIM5alpha-independent anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 activity mediated by cyclophilin A in Old World monkey cells. Virology. 2008;375:514-20 pubmed publisher
    ..These results point to the presence of novel TRIM5alpha-independent anti-HIV-1 activity mediated by CypA in OWM cells...
  56. Ehlers Smith D, Husson S, Ehlers Smith Y, Harrison M. Feeding ecology of red langurs in Sabangau tropical peat-swamp forest, Indonesian Borneo: extreme granivory in a non-masting forest. Am J Primatol. 2013;75:848-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that the relatively constant availability of fruit in this habitat affords P. rubicunda regular access to a nutritionally superior food, and that reliance on fallback foods is therefore not required...
  57. Benefit B, McCrossin M. Earliest known Old World monkey skull. Nature. 1997;388:368-71 pubmed
    ..The skull preserves traits widely thought to be derived for extant and fossil members of a proposed Sivapithecus/Pongo clade, but which now appear to be primitive features of ancestral Old World higher primates in general...
  58. Launhardt K, Epplen C, Epplen J, Winkler P. Amplification of microsatellites adapted from human systems in faecal DNA of wild Hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus). Electrophoresis. 1998;19:1356-61 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, relationship analyses from faeces are possible in spite of the evolutionary distance between humans and langurs...
  59. Huang C, Li Y. How does the white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) adapt locomotor behavior to its unique limestone hill habitat?. Primates. 2005;46:261-7 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, white-headed langurs select caves on the cliff as their sleeping sites, and they exhibit special behaviors for exiting and entering the cave very early in the morning and late in the evening...
  60. van Geel M, Eichler E, Beck A, Shan Z, Haaf T, van der Maarel S, et al. A cascade of complex subtelomeric duplications during the evolution of the hominoid and Old World monkey genomes. Am J Hum Genet. 2002;70:269-78 pubmed
    ..Our analysis emphasizes the dynamic nature of duplication-mediated genome evolution and the delicate balance between gene acquisition and silencing...
  61. Xu H, Su B. Genetic evidence of a strong functional constraint of neurotrypsin during primate evolution. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108:303-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, by comparing primates with three other mammalian orders, we demonstrated that the absence of the first copy of the SRCR domain (exon 2 and 3) in mouse and rat was due to the deletion of this segment in the murine lineage...
  62. Stevens N, Seiffert E, O Connor P, Roberts E, Schmitz M, Krause C, et al. Palaeontological evidence for an Oligocene divergence between Old World monkeys and apes. Nature. 2013;497:611-4 pubmed publisher
  63. Zhou Q, Cai X, Huang C. [Habitat selection and use of Francois's langurs (Trachypithecus francoisi) in Guangxi Province, Fusui area]. Dongwuxue Yanjiu. 2010;31:421-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Francois's langurs used the platforms and caves on the cliffs as sleeping sites. They reused some sleeping sites, and tend to use the same caves on consecutive nights...
  64. Bukh J. Animal models for the study of hepatitis C virus infection and related liver disease. Gastroenterology. 2012;142:1279-1287.e3 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent progress in developing genetically humanized mice is exciting, but these models only permit studies of specific steps in the HCV life cycle and have limited or no viral replication...
  65. Eberhard M, Dickerson J, Boyer A, Tsang V, Zea Flores R, Walker E, et al. Experimental Onchocerca volvulus infections in mangabey monkeys (Cercocebus atys) compared to infections in humans and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1991;44:151-60 pubmed
    ..No microfilariae were detected in one monkey and only scant numbers of microfilariae were observed in the second. The mangabey monkey may be a good animal model for the study of onchocerciasis...
  66. Lehmann J, Dunbar R. Network cohesion, group size and neocortex size in female-bonded Old World primates. Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:4417-22 pubmed publisher
    ..These results emphasize a need for more detailed brain data on a wider sample of primate species...
  67. Connor J, McQuillan D, Sandor M, Wan H, Lombardi J, Bachrach N, et al. Retention of structural and biochemical integrity in a biological mesh supports tissue remodeling in a primate abdominal wall model. Regen Med. 2009;4:185-95 pubmed publisher
  68. Frost S. Fossil Cercopithecidae from the Middle Pleistocene Dawaitoli Formation, Middle Awash Valley, Afar region, Ethiopia. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;134:460-71 pubmed
    ..It is quite different from the other known Middle Pleistocene sites in the Afar: Asbole and the geologically younger Andalee where cercopithecoids are abundant and colobines predominate...
  69. Hughes A. Adaptive evolution after gene duplication. Trends Genet. 2002;18:433-4 pubmed
    ..This example is a good illustration of how specialization of protein function after gene duplication can be as source of novel protein functions...
  70. Tsunoda A, Yamada M, Komatsuzaki A. Influence of phylogeny on jugular fossa shape and otological disorders. J Laryngol Otol. 1997;111:1027-33 pubmed
    ..The shape of the jugular fossa and its positional relationship to the tympanic cavity were considered from the viewpoint of the influence of phylogeny and the possible relationship to various otological problems...
  71. Landsmeer J. A comparison of fingers and hand in varanus, opossum and primates. Acta Morphol Neerl Scand. 1986;24:193-221 pubmed
  72. Mak J, Suresh K, Lam P, Choong M, Striebel H. Antifilarial activity of CGP 20376 against subperiodic Brugia malayi in the leaf-monkey Presbytis cristata. Trop Med Parasitol. 1990;41:10-2 pubmed
    ..The compound and/or its metabolites had complete micro- and microfilaricidal activities even when given at a single dose of 20 mg/kg. Lower doses had incomplete filaricidal action...
  73. Gray W. Simian varicella in old world monkeys. Comp Med. 2008;58:22-30 pubmed
    ..Prompt diagnosis is important for control and prevention of epizootics. Antiviral treatment for simian varicella may be effective if administered early in the course of infection...
  74. Nakayama E, Shioda T. [TRIM5alpha]. Uirusu. 2005;55:259-65 pubmed
    ..Small amino acid differences in the SPRY domain among human and monkey TRIM5alphas were reported to determine species-specific restriction. This review discusses about anti-viral activity of TRIM5alpha...
  75. Manivannan B, Bhande S, Panneerdoss S, Sriram S, Lohiya N. Safety evaluation of long-term vas occlusion with styrene maleic anhydride and its non-invasive reversal on accessory reproductive organs in langurs. Asian J Androl. 2005;7:195-204 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the safety of the long term vas occlusion with styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) and its non-invasive reversal at the level of accessory reproductive glands ARGs in langurs...
  76. Plant T. A comparison of the neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying the initiation of the preovulatory LH surge in the human, Old World monkey and rodent. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2012;33:160-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The neurobiology of GnRH pulse generation is only beginning to emerge but from a translational perspective this aspect of hypothalamic function is critical for understanding the human menstrual cycle and how it may be perturbed...
  77. Martin C, Wong A, Gross A, Chung J, Fantes J, Ledbetter D. The evolutionary origin of human subtelomeric homologies--or where the ends begin. Am J Hum Genet. 2002;70:972-84 pubmed
  78. Kidd A, Garwicz D, Oberg M. Human and simian adenoviruses: phylogenetic inferences from analysis of VA RNA genes. Virology. 1995;207:32-45 pubmed
    ..The results of this study suggest that a renewed appraisal of VA RNA function in adenoviruses other than Ad2 and Ad5 may be necessary...
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