equidae

Summary

Summary: A family of hoofed MAMMALS consisting of HORSES, donkeys, and zebras. Members of this family are strict herbivores and can be classified as either browsers or grazers depending on how they feed.

Top Publications

  1. Getachew M, Trawford A, Feseha G, Reid S. Gastrointestinal parasites of working donkeys of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010;42:27-33 pubmed publisher
    ..This study revealed that working donkeys in Ethiopia are infected with a range of helminths and arthropod larvae, which are representatives of the important pathogenic parasites found in equids worldwide...
  2. García Bocanegra I, Cabezón O, Arenas Montés A, Carbonero A, Dubey J, Perea A, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in equids from Southern Spain. Parasitol Int. 2012;61:421-4 pubmed publisher
    ..gondii infection in donkeys in Europe. The presence of antibodies is indication of contact with the parasite and therefore, consumption of equine meat could be a potential source of human infection in Spain...
  3. Rossel S, Marshall F, Peters J, Pilgram T, Adams M, O Connor D. Domestication of the donkey: timing, processes, and indicators. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:3715-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This pattern is consistent with recent studies of other domestic animals that suggest that the process of domestication is slower and less linear than previously thought...
  4. Lichtenfels J, Kharchenko V, Dvojnos G. Illustrated identification keys to strongylid parasites (Strongylidae: Nematoda) of horses, zebras and asses (Equidae). Vet Parasitol. 2008;156:4-161 pubmed publisher
    The Equidae (the horse, Equus caballus, the ass, Equus asinus, zebras and their hybrids) are hosts to a great variety of nematode parasites, some of which can cause significant morbidity or mortality if individual hosts are untreated...
  5. Getachew A, Innocent G, Trawford A, Reid S, Love S. Gasterophilosis: a major cause of rectal prolapse in working donkeys in Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012;44:757-62 pubmed publisher
    ..01). Age and sex of the donkeys had no significant effect on the intensity of rectal larval infection and incidence of rectal prolapse (P > 0.05)...
  6. Janova E, Matiasovic J, Vahala J, Vodicka R, Van Dyk E, Horin P. Polymorphism and selection in the major histocompatibility complex DRA and DQA genes in the family Equidae. Immunogenetics. 2009;61:513-27 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the DRA and DQA gene polymorphism of the family Equidae. In addition to 11 previously reported DRA and 24 DQA alleles, six new DRA sequences and 13 new DQA alleles were ..
  7. Mihlbachler M, Rivals F, Solounias N, Semprebon G. Dietary change and evolution of horses in North America. Science. 2011;331:1178-81 pubmed publisher
    The evolution of high-crowned molars among horses (Family Equidae) is thought to be an adaptation for abrasive diets associated with the spread of grasslands...
  8. Côté O, Viel L, Bienzle D. Phylogenetic relationships among Perissodactyla: secretoglobin 1A1 gene duplication and triplication in the Equidae family. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;69:430-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The origin of SCGB1A1 gene triplication and the evolutionary relationship of the three genes amongst Equidae family members are unknown...
  9. Pilla R, Daprà V, Zecconi A, Piccinini R. Hygienic and health characteristics of donkey milk during a follow-up study. J Dairy Res. 2010;77:392-7 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications77

  1. Sells P, Pinchbeck G, Mezzane H, Ibourki J, Crane M. Pack wounds of donkeys and mules in the Northern High Atlas and lowlands of Morocco. Equine Vet J. 2010;42:219-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Wounds are one of the primary welfare concerns of working equids and are often related to harness or load-bearing packs...
  2. Amati L, Marzulli G, Martulli M, Tafaro A, Jirillo F, Pugliese V, et al. Donkey and goat milk intake and modulation of the human aged immune response. Curr Pharm Des. 2010;16:864-9 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these findings indicate that administration of donkey milk in the aged host is able to upregulate the immune response, while goat milk seems to reduce the exaggerated acute phase response in elderly...
  3. Piras F, Nergadze S, Magnani E, Bertoni L, Attolini C, Khoriauli L, et al. Uncoupling of satellite DNA and centromeric function in the genus Equus. PLoS Genet. 2010;6:e1000845 pubmed publisher
    ..The rapidly evolving Equus species gave us the opportunity to identify different intermediate steps along the full maturation of ENCs...
  4. Yang N, Mu M, Yuan G, Zhang G, Li H, He J. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in slaughtered horses and donkeys in Liaoning province, northeastern China. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:140 pubmed publisher
    ..However, limited information is available about T. gondii infection in horses and donkeys in China. In the present study, we report the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in horses and donkeys in Liaoning province, northeastern China...
  5. Lorenzen E, Arctander P, Siegismund H. High variation and very low differentiation in wide ranging plains zebra (Equus quagga): insights from mtDNA and microsatellites. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:2812-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The only other species showing a similar absence of genetic structuring is the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), but this taxon lacks the high levels of morphological variation present in the plains zebra...
  6. Getachew M, Feseha G, Trawford A, Reid S. A survey of seasonal patterns in strongyle faecal worm egg counts of working equids of the central midlands and lowlands, Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2008;40:637-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This could insure the greatest proportion of the existing worm population to be exposed to anthelmintic and also reduces pasture contamination and further infection in the subsequent wet season...
  7. Camillo F, Panzani D, Scollo C, Rota A, Crisci A, Vannozzi I, et al. Embryo recovery rate and recipients' pregnancy rate after nonsurgical embryo transfer in donkeys. Theriogenology. 2010;73:959-65 pubmed publisher
    ..More studies are needed before embryo transfer could be considered a reliable tool to preserve endangered donkey breeds...
  8. Turner W, Getz W. Seasonal and demographic factors influencing gastrointestinal parasitism in ungulates of Etosha National Park. J Wildl Dis. 2010;46:1108-19 pubmed
    ..infections. The seasonal patterns in parasitism further indicate that the long dry season may limit development and survival of parasite stages in the environment and, as a result, host contact and parasite transmission...
  9. de Oliveira E, de Albuquerque P, de Souza Neto O, Faria E, Júnior J, Mota R. Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in mules and donkeys in the northeast of Brazil. J Parasitol. 2013;99:343-5 pubmed publisher
    ..048). This is the first study of antibodies to T. gondii in mules and donkeys in these 4 states of the northeastern region of Brazil and serves as a warning to health authorities regarding the risks of ingesting equine meat...
  10. D Alessandro A, Martemucci G. Lactation curve and effects of milking regimen on milk yield and quality, and udder health in Martina Franca jennies (Equus asinus). J Anim Sci. 2012;90:669-81 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, a milking regimen of twice-daily milking at 0700 h and 1900 h with an 8-h interval provided the maximum yield per day. In terms of milk quality, a 3-h interval yielded the best results...
  11. Steiner C, Mitelberg A, Tursi R, Ryder O. Molecular phylogeny of extant equids and effects of ancestral polymorphism in resolving species-level phylogenies. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;65:573-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we studied the phylogenetic relationships of all extant species of Equidae by analyzing 22 partial mitochondrial and nuclear genes using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inferences that ..
  12. Tesfaye A, Jemal I, Ferede S, Martin Curran M. Technology transfer pathways and livelihood impact indicators in central Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2005;37 Suppl 1:101-22 pubmed
    ..The results showed that there are many opportunities for group dissemination by making use of existing social networks. There are also opportunities for dissemination through extension agents, farmer groups and radio broadcasting...
  13. Martin Curran M, Feseha G, Smith D. The impact of access to animal health services on donkey health and livelihoods in Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2005;37 Suppl 1:47-65 pubmed
    ..Donkey owners in project sites felt better off for having access to animal healthcare services; donkey owners in non-project sites were less confident about their incomes and the health of their animals...
  14. Orlando L, Mashkour M, Burke A, Douady C, Eisenmann V, Hänni C. Geographic distribution of an extinct equid (Equus hydruntinus: Mammalia, Equidae) revealed by morphological and genetical analyses of fossils. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:2083-93 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, the geographic range of E. hydruntinus -- until now believed to be restricted to Europe, Israel, and Turkey -- can be extended towards East as far as Iran...
  15. Orlando L, Eisenmann V, Reynier F, Sondaar P, Hänni C. Morphological convergence in Hippidion and Equus (Amerhippus) South American equids elucidated by ancient DNA analysis. J Mol Evol. 2003;57 Suppl 1:S29-40 pubmed
    ..e., Equus (Amerhippus), an interpretation supported by complementary anatomical observations. This adaptive convergence between members of the two South American equid genera may lead paleontologists to limb bone misidentification...
  16. Elzein S, Hamid M, Quintana E, Mahjoub A, Goodfellow M. Streptomyces sp., a cause of fistulous withers in donkeys. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2002;109:442-3 pubmed
    ..Studies are underway to further describe the disease and its causal agent. The report represents a good evidence to incriminate Streptomyces in the aetiology of the fistulous withers...
  17. Burn C, Pritchard J, Farajat M, Twaissi A, Whay H. Risk factors for strap-related lesions in working donkeys at the World Heritage Site of Petra in Jordan. Vet J. 2008;178:263-71 pubmed
    ..Further possible risks are discussed, referring to medical and veterinary literature and applied expertise in working equines...
  18. Musilova P, Kubickova S, Zrnova E, Horin P, Vahala J, Rubes J. Karyotypic relationships among Equus grevyi, Equus burchelli and domestic horse defined using horse chromosome arm-specific probes. Chromosome Res. 2007;15:807-13 pubmed
    ..burchelli, providing evidence for a very close karyotypic relationship between these two zebra species. Establishment of the comparative map for E. grevyi contributes to the knowledge of the karyotypic phylogeny in the Equidae family.
  19. Oakenfull E, Clegg J. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Equus and the evolution of alpha and theta globin genes. J Mol Evol. 1998;47:772-83 pubmed
    ..9 million years ago. These results from the alpha genes are corroborated by theta gene data and are in contrast to mitochondrial DNA studies of the phylogeny of this genus, which suggest a more gradual set of speciation events...
  20. Raudsepp T, Christensen K, Chowdhar B. Cytogenetics of donkey chromosomes: nomenclature proposal based on GTG-banded chromosomes and depiction of NORs and telomeric sites. Chromosome Res. 2000;8:659-70 pubmed
    ..The study thus primarily aims to provide an appropriate cytogenetic basis for the donkey chromosomes, so that research focused on gene mapping and comparative genomics in this species can be reported under a common format...
  21. Trifonov V, Stanyon R, Nesterenko A, Fu B, Perelman P, O Brien P, et al. Multidirectional cross-species painting illuminates the history of karyotypic evolution in Perissodactyla. Chromosome Res. 2008;16:89-107 pubmed publisher
    The order Perissodactyla, the group of odd-toed ungulates, includes three extant families: Equidae, Tapiridae, and Rhinocerotidae...
  22. Ivankovic A, Kavar T, Caput P, Mioc B, Pavic V, Dovc P. Genetic diversity of three donkey populations in the Croatian coastal region. Anim Genet. 2002;33:169-77 pubmed
    ..Haplotypes W and Ws were found in the NA and LD populations which include smaller animals. All three haplotypes were found in the LD population, indicating sporadic migration events from the IS into LD donkey population...
  23. Matthee S, Krecek R, Milne S, Boshoff M, Guthrie A. Impact of management interventions on helminth levels, and body and blood measurements in working donkeys in South Africa. Vet Parasitol. 2002;107:103-13 pubmed
    ..It also resulted in improved live weights, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volumes and to some extent body condition score of the donkeys...
  24. Brown J, Thomson W, Clegg P, Eyre S, Kennedy L, Matthews J, et al. Polymorphisms of the equine major histocompatibility complex class II DRA locus. Tissue Antigens. 2004;64:173-9 pubmed
    The full extent of the polymorphism of ELA-DRA in Equidae is not yet known...
  25. Matthee S, Krecek R, McGeoch M. A comparison of the intestinal helminth communities of Equidae in Southern Africa. J Parasitol. 2004;90:1263-73 pubmed
    ..Despite the presence of environmental variability and comparatively low parasite-host specificity, the phylogenetic signal within Equus helminth communities remains strong...
  26. Borchers K, Wiik H, Frölich K, Ludwig H, East M. Antibodies against equine herpesviruses and equine arteritis virus in Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli ) from the Serengeti ecosystem. J Wildl Dis. 2005;41:80-6 pubmed
  27. Tesfaye A, Martin Curran M. A longitudinal survey of market donkeys in Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2005;37 Suppl 1:87-100 pubmed
    ..An extension programme providing donkey owners with information on saddling, feeding and basic health care would improve the animals' productivity and improve the livelihoods of the owners...
  28. Nergadze S, Magnani E, Attolini C, Bertoni L, Adelson D, Cappelli K, et al. Assignment of the Equus caballus interleukin 8 gene (IL8) to chromosome 3q14.2-->q14.3 by in situ hybridization. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2006;112:341B pubmed publisher
  29. Tafaro A, Magrone T, Jirillo F, Martemucci G, D Alessandro A, Amati L, et al. Immunological properties of donkey's milk: its potential use in the prevention of atherosclerosis. Curr Pharm Des. 2007;13:3711-7 pubmed
    ..In particular, NO induction by donkey's milk may be very useful in the prevention of atherosclerosis, being a strong vasodilator and an effective antimicrobial agent since pathogens and/or their products may play a proatherogenic role...
  30. Hewes C, Sullins K. Use of cisplatin-containing biodegradable beads for treatment of cutaneous neoplasia in equidae: 59 cases (2000-2004). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006;229:1617-22 pubmed
    ..To determine outcome for equids with cutaneous neoplasms treated with cisplatin-containing biodegradable beads, alone or in conjunction with debulking...
  31. Dugo P, Kumm T, Chiofalo B, Cotroneo A, Mondello L. Separation of triacylglycerols in a complex lipidic matrix by using comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography coupled with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometric detection. J Sep Sci. 2006;29:1146-54 pubmed
  32. Yang F, Fu B, O Brien P, Robinson T, Ryder O, Ferguson Smith M. Karyotypic relationships of horses and zebras: results of cross-species chromosome painting. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2003;102:235-43 pubmed
    ..Our results shed new light on the karyotypic evolution of Equidae.
  33. Yang F, Fu B, O Brien P, Nie W, Ryder O, Ferguson Smith M. Refined genome-wide comparative map of the domestic horse, donkey and human based on cross-species chromosome painting: insight into the occasional fertility of mules. Chromosome Res. 2004;12:65-76 pubmed
    ..Our results shed further light on the karyotypic relationships among these species and, in particular, the chromosomal rearrangements that underlie hybrid sterility and the occasional fertility of mules...
  34. Carbone L, Nergadze S, Magnani E, Misceo D, Francesca Cardone M, Roberto R, et al. Evolutionary movement of centromeres in horse, donkey, and zebra. Genomics. 2006;87:777-82 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that in some species the CR phenomenon could have played an important role in karyotype shaping, with potential consequences on population dynamics and speciation...
  35. Monti G, Bertino E, Muratore M, Coscia A, Cresi F, Silvestro L, et al. Efficacy of donkey's milk in treating highly problematic cow's milk allergic children: an in vivo and in vitro study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18:258-64 pubmed
    ..Donkey's milk was found to be a valid alternative to both IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated cow's milk proteins allergy, including in terms of palatability and weight-height gain...
  36. Yoseph S, Smith D, Mengistu A, Teklu F, Firew T, Betere Y. Seasonal variation in the parasite burden and body condition of working donkeys in East Shewa and West Shewa regions of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2005;37 Suppl 1:35-45 pubmed
    ..This may help maintain body condition when forage is scarce and the helminth challenge is at its lowest...
  37. Kruger K, Gaillard C, Stranzinger G, Rieder S. Phylogenetic analysis and species allocation of individual equids using microsatellite data. J Anim Breed Genet. 2005;122 Suppl 1:78-86 pubmed
    ..The first molecular genetic results for E. hemionus luteus remained contradictory, as they unexpectedly indicated a closer genetic relationship between E. hemionus luteus and E. kiang holderi compared with the other hemiones...
  38. Pritchard J, Lindberg A, Main D, Whay H. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters. Prev Vet Med. 2005;69:265-83 pubmed
    ..Following intervention, success in improving welfare will be measured by repetition of this protocol and comparison with the benchmark...
  39. Cray C, Hammond E, Haefele H. Acute phase protein and protein electrophoresis values for captive Grant's zebra (Equus burchelli). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2013;44:1107-10 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that APP may be a valuable and sensitive tool in monitoring inflammation in this species. ..
  40. Boeta M, Zarco L. Luteogenic and luteotropic effects of eCG during pregnancy in the mare. Anim Reprod Sci. 2012;130:57-62 pubmed publisher
    ..While these effects are clearly expressed in mares impregnated by horses, the low eCG concentrations during mule pregnancies reduce the impact of this hormone on CL formation and function. ..
  41. Schutzer S, Schlater L, Ronning C, DeShazer D, Luft B, Dunn J, et al. Characterization of clinically-attenuated Burkholderia mallei by whole genome sequencing: candidate strain for exclusion from Select Agent lists. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2058 pubmed publisher
    ..Whole genomic sequencing (WGS) is an apt approach to characterize newly discovered or poorly understood microbial pathogens...
  42. Díez Fernández C, Wellauer O, Gemperle C, Rüfenacht V, Fingerhut R, Häberle J. Kinetic mutations in argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency: characterisation and in vitro correction by substrate supplementation. J Med Genet. 2016;53:710-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Although only patients with kinetic mutations would benefit, oxaloacetate could offer a safe novel treatment. ..
  43. Elsheikha H, Mansfield L, Morsy G. Studies on besnoitiosis bennetti in miniature donkeys. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2008;38:171-84 pubmed
    ..tarandi of reindeer. The genetic attributes complemented the morphological criteria and verified the accurate delimitation of the Besnoitia cysts isolated from these donkeys. ..
  44. Turchi B, Pedonese F, Torracca B, Fratini F, Mancini S, Galiero A, et al. Lactobacillus plantarum and Streptococcus thermophilus as starter cultures for a donkey milk fermented beverage. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;256:54-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, L. plantarum strains seem to be good candidates in the production of a novel type of fermented milk, not only for their probiotic potential, but also for the enhancing effect on S. thermophilus growth. ..
  45. Asa C, Marshall F, Fischer M. Affiliative and aggressive behavior in a group of female Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somalicus). Zoo Biol. 2012;31:87-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies will determine whether with time their aggressive behavior becomes more intense or dissipates with maturity. ..
  46. Yu H, Zhou Y, Cheng X. [Development of high performance liquid chromatographic fingerprints of liposoluble constituents in donkey-hide glue and tortoise-shell glue]. Se Pu. 2009;27:447-52 pubmed
    ..The differences between two glues were revealed by similarity and cluster analysis. The method has good repeatability and stability, and can be served as the means to identify different kinds of animal glue. ..
  47. Egri A, Blahó M, Kriska G, Farkas R, Gyurkovszky M, Akesson S, et al. Polarotactic tabanids find striped patterns with brightness and/or polarization modulation least attractive: an advantage of zebra stripes. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:736-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides an experimentally supported explanation for the underlying mechanism leading to the selective advantage of a black-and-white striped coat pattern. ..
  48. Hepperger C, Mayer A, Merz J, Vanderwall D, Dietzel S. Parental genomes mix in mule and human cell nuclei. Chromosoma. 2009;118:335-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Qualitative and quantitative image evaluation did not reveal any evidence for the separation of parental genomes. On the contrary, we observed mixing of maternal and paternal chromosome sets. ..
  49. Kharbish S. Spectral-structural characteristics of the extremely scarce silver arsenic sulfosalts, proustite, smithite, trechmannite and xanthoconite: ?-Raman spectroscopy evidence. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2017;177:104-110 pubmed publisher
    ..The AsS longer bond lengths absolutely demonstrate the red shift (i.e. decrease in energy) from xanthoconite to trechmannite, smithite and proustite and the lowering in FWHM in comparable vibrational modes. ..
  50. Oura C, Ivens P, Bachanek Bankowska K, Bin Tarif A, Jallow D, Sailleau C, et al. African horse sickness in The Gambia: circulation of a live-attenuated vaccine-derived strain. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140:462-5 pubmed publisher
  51. Rodrigues J, Dixon P, Bastos E, San Roman F, Viegas C. A clinical survey on the prevalence and types of cheek teeth disorders present in 400 Zamorano-Leonés and 400 Mirandês donkeys (Equus asinus). Vet Rec. 2013;173:581 pubmed publisher
  52. Marais H, Page P. Treatment of equine sarcoid in seven Cape mountain zebra (Equus zebra zebra). J Wildl Dis. 2011;47:917-24 pubmed
    ..All sarcoids had resolved except on the zebra on which one of the sarcoids was left untreated. The efficacy of the three treatment methods in Cape mountain zebra is encouraging. ..
  53. Miro J, Taberner E, Rivera M, Pena A, Medrano A, Rigau T, et al. Effects of dilution and centrifugation on the survival of spermatozoa and the structure of motile sperm cell subpopulations in refrigerated Catalonian donkey semen. Theriogenology. 2009;72:1017-22 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, the percentage of live spermatozoa in the fresh semen significantly influenced the number of spermatozoa damaged by centrifugation, but not centrifugation efficacy. ..
  54. Stanisic L, Aleksic J, Dimitrijević V, Simeunovic P, Glavinic U, Stevanovic J, et al. New insights into the origin and the genetic status of the Balkan donkey from Serbia. Anim Genet. 2017;48:580-590 pubmed publisher
    ..Clade 2 donkeys probably appeared in Greece prior to those belonging to Clade 1, whereas expansion and diversification of Clade 1 donkeys within the Balkans predated that of Clade 2 donkeys...
  55. Walker S, Prodohl P, Hoey E, Fairweather I, Hanna R, Brennan G, et al. Substantial genetic divergence between morphologically indistinguishable populations of Fasciola suggests the possibility of cryptic speciation. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:1193-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Application of the Biological Species Concept to trematodes is problematic; however, the degree of separation between these groups was sufficient for them to be considered as distinct species using the four times rule for speciation...
  56. Rhyan J, Miller M, Spraker T, McCollum M, Nol P, Wolfe L, et al. Failure of fallow deer (Dama dama) to develop chronic wasting disease when exposed to a contaminated environment and infected mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). J Wildl Dis. 2011;47:739-44 pubmed
  57. Järvinen K, Chatchatee P. Mammalian milk allergy: clinical suspicion, cross-reactivities and diagnosis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009;9:251-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This review examines recent studies on the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy as well as on the allergenicity of milk from other mammalian species...
  58. Sacchetto R, Sharova E, Patruno M, Maccatrozzo L, Damiani E, Mascarello F. Overexpression of histidine-rich calcium binding protein in equine ventricular myocardium. Vet J. 2012;193:157-61 pubmed publisher
  59. Gharsa H, Ben Sallem R, Ben Slama K, Gómez Sanz E, Lozano C, Jouini A, et al. High diversity of genetic lineages and virulence genes in nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates from donkeys destined to food consumption in Tunisia with predominance of the ruminant associated CC133 lineage. BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:203 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the genetic lineages and the incidence of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants of nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates of healthy donkeys destined to food consumption in Tunisia...
  60. Polidori P, Vincenzetti S. Differences of protein fractions among fresh, frozen and powdered donkey milk. Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric. 2010;2:56-60 pubmed
    ..The article presents some promising patents on protein fractions among fresh, frozen and powdered donkey milk...
  61. Takada K, Saito M, Tsudukibashi O, Hiroi T, Hirasawa M. Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavity of donkeys. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013;63:2782-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The names proposed for these organisms are Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. (type strain NUM 1801(T) = JCM 17942(T) = DSM 25193(T)) and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov. (type strain NUM 1808(T) = JCM 17943(T) = DSM 25137(T))...
  62. Lia R, Traversa D, Laricchiuta P, Dantas Torres F, Paradies R, Alvinerie M, et al. Efficacy of an in-feed formulation containing ivermectin for the control of intestinal strongyles in captive zebras (Equus burchelli (Gray, 1824)). Vet Parasitol. 2010;169:133-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The opportunity to treat captive ungulates with an in-feed anthelmintic is discussed in relation to the fractious nature of these animals, which often impairs helminth control programs in zoo-parks...
  63. Kummitha C, Mayle K, Christman M, Deosarkar S, Schwartz A, McCall K, et al. A sandwich ELISA for the detection of Wnt5a. J Immunol Methods. 2010;352:38-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The relationship between the ELISA signal and concentration of Wnt5a was linear with an R(2) of 0.9934. In summary, we have developed a specific and sensitive sandwich ELISA that detects rm-Wnt5a...
  64. Portier K, Jaillardon L, Leece E, Walsh C. Castration of horses under total intravenous anaesthesia: analgesic effects of lidocaine. Vet Anaesth Analg. 2009;36:173-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the effects of local anaesthesia with lidocaine for castration of horses under intravenous anaesthesia...
  65. du Toit N, Burden F, Dixon P. Clinical dental findings in 203 working donkeys in Mexico. Vet J. 2008;178:380-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study concluded that dental disease is a welfare concern in working donkeys in Mexico...
  66. Ataseven V, Dağalp S, Guzel M, Başaran Z, Tan M, Geraghty B. Prevalence of equine herpesvirus-1 and equine herpesvirus-4 infections in equidae species in Turkey as determined by ELISA and multiplex nested PCR. Res Vet Sci. 2009;86:339-44 pubmed publisher
    ..specific antibodies against equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1), and equine herpesvirus type 4 (EHV-4) in several equidae, including mules, donkeys, horses...
  67. Owen Smith N, Mills M. Shifting prey selection generates contrasting herbivore dynamics within a large-mammal predator-prey web. Ecology. 2008;89:1120-33 pubmed
  68. Bao S, Peng Y, Sheng S, Lin Q. Assessment of urinary total testosterone production by a highly sensitive time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay. J Clin Lab Anal. 2008;22:403-8 pubmed publisher
    ..16-100.65 nmol/24 hr), which suggests that a direct, reliable, easy to automate, highly sensitive and specific TRFIA type assay for the measurement of total testosterone in urine samples has been developed...