whales

Summary

Summary: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.

Top Publications

  1. Martinez Levasseur L, Gendron D, Knell R, O Toole E, Singh M, Acevedo Whitehouse K. Acute sun damage and photoprotective responses in whales. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:1581-6 pubmed publisher
    ..However, effects are unlikely to be negligible, particularly for species such as whales, whose anatomical or life-history traits force them to experience continuous sun exposure...
  2. Souza S, Begossi A. Whales, dolphins or fishes? The ethnotaxonomy of cetaceans in São Sebastião, Brazil. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2007;3:9 pubmed
  3. Tyack P, Zimmer W, Moretti D, Southall B, Claridge D, Durban J, et al. Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17009 pubmed publisher
    Beaked whales have mass stranded during some naval sonar exercises, but the cause is unknown. They are difficult to sight but can reliably be detected by listening for echolocation clicks produced during deep foraging dives...
  4. Potvin J, Goldbogen J, Shadwick R. Scaling of lunge feeding in rorqual whales: an integrated model of engulfment duration. J Theor Biol. 2010;267:437-53 pubmed publisher
    Rorqual whales (Balaenopteridae) obtain their food by lunge feeding, a dynamic process that involves the intermittent engulfment and filtering of large amounts of water and prey...
  5. Cranford T, Krysl P, Amundin M. A new acoustic portal into the odontocete ear and vibrational analysis of the tympanoperiotic complex. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11927 pubmed publisher
    Global concern over the possible deleterious effects of noise on marine organisms was catalyzed when toothed whales stranded and died in the presence of high intensity sound...
  6. Potvin J, Goldbogen J, Shadwick R. Metabolic expenditures of lunge feeding rorquals across scale: implications for the evolution of filter feeding and the limits to maximum body size. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44854 pubmed
    ..acquisition and assimilation, and facilitates the maintenance of extreme body size as exemplified by baleen whales (Mysticeti) and multiple lineages of bony and cartilaginous fishes...
  7. Myers R, Boudreau S, Kenney R, Moore M, Rosenberg A, Sherrill Mix S, et al. Saving endangered whales at no cost. Curr Biol. 2007;17:R10-1 pubmed
  8. Tyack P, Johnson M, Soto N, Sturlese A, Madsen P. Extreme diving of beaked whales. J Exp Biol. 2006;209:4238-53 pubmed
    Sound-and-orientation recording tags (DTAGs) were used to study 10 beaked whales of two poorly known species, Ziphius cavirostris (Zc) and Mesoplodon densirostris (Md)...
  9. Spitz J, Trites A, Becquet V, Brind Amour A, Cherel Y, Galois R, et al. Cost of living dictates what whales, dolphins and porpoises eat: the importance of prey quality on predator foraging strategies. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50096 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications87

  1. Miyazaki M, Nogi Y, Fujiwara Y, Kawato M, Kubokawa K, Horikoshi K. Neptunomonas japonica sp. nov., an Osedax japonicus symbiont-like bacterium isolated from sediment adjacent to sperm whale carcasses off Kagoshima, Japan. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:866-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The name Neptunomonas japonica sp. nov. (type strain JAMM 0745T=JCM 14595T=DSM 18939T) is proposed for the novel strains...
  2. Borsa P. Marine mammal strandings in the New Caledonia region, Southwest Pacific. C R Biol. 2006;329:277-88 pubmed
    ..Strandings of sperm whales were most frequent in the spring, but also occurred in autumn months, suggesting a seasonal pattern of occurrence ..
  3. Li Y, Liu Z, Shi P, Zhang J. The hearing gene Prestin unites echolocating bats and whales. Curr Biol. 2010;20:R55-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Only microbats and toothed whales have acquired sophisticated echolocation, indispensable for their orientation and foraging [1]...
  4. Thewissen J, Cooper L, Clementz M, Bajpai S, Tiwari B. Whales originated from aquatic artiodactyls in the Eocene epoch of India. Nature. 2007;450:1190-4 pubmed
    ..It was known that whales are related to even-toed ungulates (artiodactyls), but until now no artiodactyls were morphologically close to ..
  5. Montie E, Letcher R, Reddy C, Moore M, Rubinstein B, Hahn M. Brominated flame retardants and organochlorine contaminants in winter flounder, harp and hooded seals, and North Atlantic right whales from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull. 2010;60:1160-9 pubmed publisher
    ..biphenyls (PCBs), were measured in winter flounder, harp and hooded seals, and North Atlantic right whales from the Eastern United States and Canada...
  6. Shindo J, Yamada T, Yoshimura K, Kageyama I. Morphology of the tongue in a newborn Stejneger's beaked whale (Mesoplodon stejnegeri). Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2008;84:121-4 pubmed
    ..demonstrated a clear difference in its form from than that of other cetacean and adult Stejneger's beaked whales. This newborn Stejneger's beaked whale had a spoon-like shaped tongue...
  7. Glover K, Kanda N, Haug T, Pastene L, Oien N, Goto M, et al. Migration of Antarctic minke whales to the Arctic. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e15197 pubmed publisher
    ..Paternal contribution was not conclusively resolved. This is the first documentation of B. bonaerensis north of the tropics, and, the first documentation of hybridization between minke whale species. ..
  8. Fernandez A, Edwards J, Rodriguez F, Espinosa de los Monteros A, Herraez P, Castro P, et al. "Gas and fat embolic syndrome" involving a mass stranding of beaked whales (family Ziphiidae) exposed to anthropogenic sonar signals. Vet Pathol. 2005;42:446-57 pubmed
    A study of the lesions of beaked whales (BWs) in a recent mass stranding in the Canary Islands following naval exercises provides a possible explanation of the relationship between anthropogenic, acoustic (sonar) activities and the ..
  9. Yang W, Pang V, Jeng C, Chou L, Chueh L. Morbilliviral infection in a pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) from Taiwanese waters. Vet Microbiol. 2006;116:69-76 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of morbilliviral infection with genetic evidence in a pygmy sperm whale from the Western Pacific Ocean around Taiwan...
  10. Vrijenhoek R, Johnson S, Rouse G. Bone-eating Osedax females and their 'harems' of dwarf males are recruited from a common larval pool. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:4535-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Mitochondrial sequence diversity was very high in these worms, suggesting that as many as 10(6) females contributed to a common larval pool from which the two sexes were randomly drawn...
  11. Ward J, Jarvis S, Moretti D, Morrissey R, DiMarzio N, Johnson M, et al. Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) passive acoustic detection in increasing ambient noise. J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;129:662-9 pubmed publisher
    ..acoustic detection is being increasingly used to monitor visually cryptic cetaceans such as Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) that may be especially sensitive to underwater sound...
  12. Zimmer W, Johnson M, Madsen P, Tyack P. Echolocation clicks of free-ranging Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). J Acoust Soc Am. 2005;117:3919-27 pubmed
    Strandings of beaked whales of the genera Ziphius and Mesoplodon have been reported to occur in conjunction with naval sonar use...
  13. Kraus S, Brown M, Caswell H, Clark C, Fujiwara M, Hamilton P, et al. Ecology. North Atlantic right whales in crisis. Science. 2005;309:561-2 pubmed
  14. Pyenson N, Irmis R, Lipps J. Comment on "Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales". Science. 2010;330:178; author reply 178 pubmed publisher
    ..993) suggested that correlated diversity changes in the fossil record of whales and diatoms reflects secular evolutionary signals of underlying ecological drivers...
  15. Arranz P, Aguilar de Soto N, Madsen P, Brito A, Bordes F, Johnson M. Following a foraging fish-finder: diel habitat use of Blainville's beaked whales revealed by echolocation. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28353 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we tap into the biosonar system of Blainville's beaked whales, Mesoplodon densirostris, using sound and orientation recording tags to uncover prey-finding cues available to ..
  16. Alter S, Rynes E, Palumbi S. DNA evidence for historic population size and past ecosystem impacts of gray whales. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:15162-7 pubmed
    ..Eastern Pacific gray whales play a key ecological role in their Arctic feeding grounds and are widely thought to have returned to their ..
  17. Gillespie D, Dunn C, Gordon J, Claridge D, Embling C, Boyd I. Field recordings of Gervais' beaked whales Mesoplodon europaeus from the Bahamas. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;125:3428-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Nine Gervais' beaked whales were observed visually for over 6 h...
  18. Hatch L, Dopman E, Harrison R. Phylogenetic relationships among the baleen whales based on maternally and paternally inherited characters. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;41:12-27 pubmed
    Phylogenetic relationships in the Cetacean suborder Mysticeti (baleen whales) have recently been the focus of increased attention...
  19. Alter S, Palumbi S. Comparing evolutionary patterns and variability in the mitochondrial control region and cytochrome B in three species of baleen whales. J Mol Evol. 2009;68:97-111 pubmed publisher
    ..examined patterns of diversity within and between three baleen whale species (gray, humpback, and Antarctic minke whales) in order to determine how patterns of molecular evolution differ between cytochrome b and the control region...
  20. DeRuiter S, Southall B, Calambokidis J, Zimmer W, Sadykova D, Falcone E, et al. First direct measurements of behavioural responses by Cuvier's beaked whales to mid-frequency active sonar. Biol Lett. 2013;9:20130223 pubmed publisher
    Most marine mammal- strandings coincident with naval sonar exercises have involved Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris)...
  21. Baker C, Vant M, Dalebout M, Lento G, O Brien S, Yuhki N. Diversity and duplication of DQB and DRB-like genes of the MHC in baleen whales (suborder: Mysticeti). Immunogenetics. 2006;58:283-96 pubmed
    ..two class II genes of the baleen whale major histocompatibility complex were investigated and compared to toothed whales and out-groups...
  22. Alter S, Newsome S, Palumbi S. Pre-whaling genetic diversity and population ecology in eastern Pacific gray whales: insights from ancient DNA and stable isotopes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35039 pubmed publisher
    ..We analyzed genetic (mitochondrial control region) and isotopic information from modern and prehistoric gray whales using serial coalescent simulations and Bayesian skyline analyses to test for a pre-whaling decline and to examine ..
  23. van der Woude S. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) moan as low in frequency as baleen whales. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;126:1552 pubmed publisher
    ..e., feeding or petting. To further address these questions, verification of moans in other populations and experimental investigation of the properties of moan production and perception are required...
  24. Beineke A, Siebert U, Wohlsein P, Baumgartner W. Immunology of whales and dolphins. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2010;133:81-94 pubmed publisher
    ..changes, such as age-related thymic atrophy and cystic degeneration of the "anal tonsil" of whales have to be taken into account when investigating these lymphoid structures...
  25. Fernandez A, Esperón F, Herráez P, de Los Monteros A, Clavel C, Bernabé A, et al. Morbillivirus and pilot whale deaths, Mediterranean Sea. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:792-4 pubmed publisher
    An outbreak of a lethal morbillivirus infection of long-finned pilot whales occurred in the Mediterranean Sea from the end of October 2006 through April 2007...
  26. Parks S, Urazghildiiev I, Clark C. Variability in ambient noise levels and call parameters of North Atlantic right whales in three habitat areas. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;125:1230-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Acoustic communication plays an important role in the social behavior of these whales and increases in low-frequency noise may be leading to changes in their calling behavior...
  27. Ekdale E, Berta A, Deméré T. The comparative osteology of the petrotympanic complex (ear region) of extant baleen whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21311 pubmed publisher
    Anatomical comparisons of the ear region of baleen whales (Mysticeti) are provided through detailed osteological descriptions and high-resolution photographs of the petrotympanic complex (tympanic bulla and petrosal bone) of all extant ..
  28. Hatch L, Clark C, Van Parijs S, Frankel A, Ponirakis D. Quantifying loss of acoustic communication space for right whales in and around a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary. Conserv Biol. 2012;26:983-94 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of communication masking associated with human-induced sound on contact-calling North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in an ecologically relevant area (~10,000 km(2) ) and time period (peak feeding time)...
  29. Alter S, Ramirez S, Nigenda S, Ramirez J, Bracho L, Palumbi S. Mitochondrial and nuclear genetic variation across calving lagoons in Eastern North Pacific gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus). J Hered. 2009;100:34-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Most eastern gray whales return to their major breeding range each winter along the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico, concentrating ..
  30. Vela A, Fernandez A, Espinosa de los Monteros A, Goyache J, Herraez P, Tames B, et al. Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:891-4 pubmed publisher
    ..unknown Gram-positive, catalase-negative and rod-shaped organism isolated from the lungs and liver of two beaked whales. The organisms were tentatively identified as Lactobacillus spp...
  31. Douglas L, Dawson S, Jaquet N. Click rates and silences of sperm whales at Kaikoura, New Zealand. J Acoust Soc Am. 2005;118:523-9 pubmed
    Analysis of the usual click rates of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) at Kaikoura, New Zealand, confirms the potential for assessing abundance via "click counting...
  32. Verna C, Ramette A, Wiklund H, Dahlgren T, Glover A, Gaill F, et al. High symbiont diversity in the bone-eating worm Osedax mucofloris from shallow whale-falls in the North Atlantic. Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:2355-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The observed diversity and distribution patterns indicate that the endosymbionts are transmitted horizontally from the environment with repeated infection events occurring as the host root tissues grow into the whale bones...
  33. Parks S, Hotchkin C, Cortopassi K, Clark C. Characteristics of gunshot sound displays by North Atlantic right whales in the Bay of Fundy. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012;131:3173-9 pubmed publisher
    North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) produce a loud, broadband signal referred to as the gunshot sound...
  34. Smith T, Reeves R, Josephson E, Lund J. Spatial and seasonal distribution of American whaling and whales in the age of sail. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34905 pubmed publisher
    ..on the east coast of the United States and in California from the 18(th) to early 20(th) centuries, searching for whales throughout the world's oceans...
  35. von Mering C, Hugenholtz P, Raes J, Tringe S, Doerks T, Jensen L, et al. Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments. Science. 2007;315:1126-30 pubmed
    ..The method also enables determination of preferred habitats for entire microbial clades and provides evidence that such habitat preferences are often remarkably stable over time...
  36. Hazen E, Nowacek D, St Laurent L, Halpin P, Moretti D. The relationship among oceanography, prey fields, and beaked whale foraging habitat in the Tongue of the Ocean. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e19269 pubmed publisher
    Beaked whales, specifically Blainville's (Mesoplodon densirostris) and Cuvier's (Ziphius cavirostris), are known to feed in the Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas...
  37. Bellière E, Esperón F, Arbelo M, Muñoz M, Fernandez A, Sanchez Vizcaino J. Presence of herpesvirus in striped dolphins stranded during the cetacean morbillivirus epizootic along the Mediterranean Spanish coast in 2007. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1307-11 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 14 cetaceans, including six long-finned pilot whales and eight striped dolphins, were studied using histopathology and molecular analysis to detect HV and CeMV...
  38. Madsen P, de Soto N, Arranz P, Johnson M. Echolocation in Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris). J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2013;199:451-69 pubmed publisher
    Here we use sound and movement recording tags to study how deep-diving Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) use echolocation to forage in their natural mesopelagic habitat...
  39. Hain J, Hampp J, McKenney S, Albert J, Kenney R. Swim speed, behavior, and movement of North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in coastal waters of northeastern Florida, USA. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54340 pubmed publisher
    In a portion of the coastal waters of northeastern Florida, North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) occur close to shore from December through March...
  40. Johnson M, Madsen P, Zimmer W, de Soto N, Tyack P. Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocation. J Exp Biol. 2006;209:5038-50 pubmed
    Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris Blainville) echolocate for prey during deep foraging dives...
  41. McGowen M, Clark C, Gatesy J. The vestigial olfactory receptor subgenome of odontocete whales: phylogenetic congruence between gene-tree reconciliation and supermatrix methods. Syst Biol. 2008;57:574-90 pubmed publisher
    The macroevolutionary transition of whales (cetaceans) from a terrestrial quadruped to an obligate aquatic form involved major changes in sensory abilities...
  42. Morano J, Rice A, Tielens J, Estabrook B, Murray A, Roberts B, et al. Acoustically detected year-round presence of right whales in an urbanized migration corridor. Conserv Biol. 2012;26:698-707 pubmed publisher
    Species' conservation relies on understanding their seasonal habitats and migration routes. North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis), listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, migrate from the southeastern U.S...
  43. Birukawa N, Ando H, Goto M, Kanda N, Pastene L, Urano A. Molecular cloning of urea transporters from the kidneys of baleen and toothed whales. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2008;149:227-35 pubmed publisher
    ..study demonstrated that cetaceans produce highly concentrated urine than terrestrial mammals, and that baleen whales showed higher concentrations of urinary urea than sperm whales...
  44. Bischoff N, Nickle B, Cronin T, Velasquez S, Fasick J. Deep-sea and pelagic rod visual pigments identified in the mysticete whales. Vis Neurosci. 2012;29:95-103 pubmed publisher
    ..these mysticete species represent two of the four mysticete families, they do not fully represent the mysticete whales in terms of foraging strategy and underwater photic environments where foraging occurs...
  45. Dornburg A, Brandley M, McGowen M, Near T. Relaxed clocks and inferences of heterogeneous patterns of nucleotide substitution and divergence time estimates across whales and dolphins (Mammalia: Cetacea). Mol Biol Evol. 2012;29:721-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Using cetaceans (whales and dolphins) as a case study, we test the performance of these two substitution models in estimating both ..
  46. Nery M, Arroyo J, Opazo J. Accelerated evolutionary rate of the myoglobin gene in long-diving whales. J Mol Evol. 2013;76:380-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Regarding the amino acid properties, our analysis identified four significant physicochemical amino acid changes among residues in myoglobin protein under positive destabilizing selection. ..
  47. Valtierra R, Glynn Holt R, Cholewiak D, Van Parijs S. Calling depths of baleen whales from single sensor data: development of an autocorrelation method using multipath localization. J Acoust Soc Am. 2013;134:2571-81 pubmed publisher
    ..information from longer duration signals containing a frequency sweep, such as some calls produced by baleen whales. An analysis was performed to characterize the difference in behavior of the autocorrelation when applied to call ..
  48. Price S, Bininda Emonds O, Gittleman J. A complete phylogeny of the whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals (Cetartiodactyla). Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2005;80:445-73 pubmed
    ..representation with parsimony, we present the first phylogeny to include all 290 extant species of the Cetacea (whales and dolphins) and Artiodactyla (even-toed hoofed mammals). At the family-level, the supertree is fully resolved...
  49. Ohishi K, Takishita K, Kawato M, Zenitani R, Bando T, Fujise Y, et al. Chimeric structure of omp2 of Brucella from Pacific common minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata). Microbiol Immunol. 2005;49:789-93 pubmed
    ..Thus, Pacific whale Brucella omp2 genes are chimeras between marine and terrestrial strains...
  50. Jackson J, Baker C, Vant M, Steel D, Medrano Gonzalez L, Palumbi S. Big and slow: phylogenetic estimates of molecular evolution in baleen whales (suborder mysticeti). Mol Biol Evol. 2009;26:2427-40 pubmed publisher
    Baleen whales are the largest animals that have ever lived...
  51. Hamilton P, Marx M. Skin lesions on North Atlantic right whales: categories, prevalence and change in occurrence in the 1990s. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;68:71-82 pubmed
    North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis experienced decreased reproduction and body condition in the 1990s, causing concern about the overall health of this critically endangered population...
  52. Saliki J, Cooper E, Rotstein D, Caseltine S, Pabst D, McLellan W, et al. A novel gammaherpesvirus associated with genital lesions in a Blainville's beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris). J Wildl Dis. 2006;42:142-8 pubmed
    ..This new virus, tentatively named Ziphiid herpesvirus type 1, was associated with but not determined to be the cause of genital disease in the Blainville's beaked whale...
  53. Wilson M, Hanlon R, Tyack P, Madsen P. Intense ultrasonic clicks from echolocating toothed whales do not elicit anti-predator responses or debilitate the squid Loligo pealeii. Biol Lett. 2007;3:225-7 pubmed
    Toothed whales use intense ultrasonic clicks to echolocate prey and it has been hypothesized that they also acoustically debilitate their prey with these intense sound pulses to facilitate capture...
  54. Wright A, Deak T, Parsons E. Size matters: management of stress responses and chronic stress in beaked whales and other marine mammals may require larger exclusion zones. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;63:5-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Through examples, including beaked whales and sonar exposure, we discuss increasing human disturbance, mal-adaptive stress responses and chronic stress...
  55. Weinrich M, Rosenbaum H, Scott Baker C, Blackmer A, Whitehead H. The influence of maternal lineages on social affiliations among humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on their feeding grounds in the southern gulf of Maine. J Hered. 2006;97:226-34 pubmed
    Humpback whales on their feeding grounds in the Gulf of Maine typically form fluid fission/fusion groups of two to three individuals characterized by noncompetitive and, at times, cooperative behavior...
  56. Smolarek Benson K, Manire C, Ewing R, Saliki J, Townsend F, Ehlers B, et al. Identification of novel alpha- and gammaherpesviruses from cutaneous and mucosal lesions of dolphins and whales. J Virol Methods. 2006;136:261-6 pubmed
    ..The sequencing data strongly suggest that these viruses are most likely cetacean specific and possibly have coevolved with their cetacean hosts...
  57. Shapiro A. Preliminary evidence for signature vocalizations among free-ranging narwhals (Monodon monoceros). J Acoust Soc Am. 2006;120:1695-705 pubmed
  58. May Collado L, Agnarsson I, Wartzok D. Phylogenetic review of tonal sound production in whales in relation to sociality. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:136 pubmed
    It is widely held that in toothed whales, high frequency tonal sounds called 'whistles' evolved in association with 'sociality' because in delphinids they are used in a social context...
  59. Palsbøll P, Bérubé M, Larsen F. Could genetic diversity in eastern North Pacific gray whales reflect global historic abundance?. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:E2; author reply E3 pubmed
  60. Fahlke J, Gingerich P, Welsh R, Wood A. Cranial asymmetry in Eocene archaeocete whales and the evolution of directional hearing in water. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:14545-8 pubmed publisher
    Eocene archaeocete whales gave rise to all modern toothed and baleen whales (Odontoceti and Mysticeti) during or near the Eocene-Oligocene transition...
  61. Arbelo M, Sierra E, Esperón F, Watanabe T, Bellière E, Espinosa de los Monteros A, et al. Herpesvirus infection with severe lymphoid necrosis affecting a beaked whale stranded in the Canary Islands. Dis Aquat Organ. 2010;89:261-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of a cetacean alphaherpesvirus infection of the lymphoid system in a beaked whale...
  62. Finneran J, Houser D, Mase Guthrie B, Ewing R, Lingenfelser R. Auditory evoked potentials in a stranded Gervais' beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus). J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;126:484-90 pubmed publisher
    ..coincident with naval exercises have been hampered by lack of data concerning the hearing abilities of beaked whales and their physiological and behavioral responses to sound...
  63. Xiong Y, Brandley M, Xu S, Zhou K, Yang G. Seven new dolphin mitochondrial genomes and a time-calibrated phylogeny of whales. BMC Evol Biol. 2009;9:20 pubmed publisher
    The phylogeny of Cetacea (whales) is not fully resolved with substantial support...
  64. Bhuiyan M, Suzuki Y, Watanabe H, Matsuoka K, Fujise Y, Ishikawa H, et al. Attempts at in vitro fertilization and culture of in vitro matured oocytes in sei ( Balaenoptera borealis) and Bryde's ( B. edeni) whales. Zygote. 2009;17:19-28 pubmed publisher
    ..edeni) whales were determined in Experiment 1. The number of COCs recovered ranged from 16.0 to 30.6 and from 6.7 to 26...
  65. Simard Y, Roy N, Gervaise C. Passive acoustic detection and localization of whales: effects of shipping noise in Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park. J Acoust Soc Am. 2008;123:4109-17 pubmed publisher
    The performance of large-aperture hydrophone arrays to detect and localize blue and fin whales' 15-85 Hz signature vocalizations under ocean noise conditions was assessed through simulations from a normal mode propagation model combined ..
  66. Fujikura K, Fujiwara Y, Kawato M. A new species of Osedax (Annelida: Siboglinidae) associated with whale carcasses off Kyushu, Japan. Zoolog Sci. 2006;23:733-40 pubmed
    ..mucofloris. Osedax japonicus is easily distinguished from the other three known species by oviduct morphology, body length, and palp coloration in females. No males of O. japonicus have yet been found...
  67. Pirotta E, Milor R, Quick N, Moretti D, Di Marzio N, Tyack P, et al. Vessel noise affects beaked whale behavior: results of a dedicated acoustic response study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e42535 pubmed publisher
    ..intense vessel-generated noise tested how these exposures influenced the foraging behavior of Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) in the Tongue of the Ocean (Bahamas)...
  68. Yazvenko S, McDonald T, Blokhin S, Johnson S, Meier S, Melton H, et al. Distribution and abundance of western gray whales during a seismic survey near Sakhalin Island, Russia. Environ Monit Assess. 2007;134:45-73 pubmed
    ..if there was any measurable effect of the seismic survey on the distribution and abundance of western gray whales. Mitigation and monitoring program included aerial surveys conducted between 19 July and 19 November using the ..
  69. Valenzuela L, Sironi M, Rowntree V, Seger J. Isotopic and genetic evidence for culturally inherited site fidelity to feeding grounds in southern right whales (Eubalaena australis). Mol Ecol. 2009;18:782-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Southern right whales show maternally inherited site fidelity to near-shore winter nursery grounds, but exactly where they feed in ..
  70. Hooker S, Baird R, Fahlman A. Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatus. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2009;167:235-46 pubmed publisher
    ..predict blood and tissue tension N2 (P(N2)) using field data from three beaked whale species: northern bottlenose whales, Cuvier's beaked whales, and Blainville's beaked whales...
  71. May Collado L, Agnarsson I. Cytochrome b and Bayesian inference of whale phylogeny. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;38:344-54 pubmed
    ..They furthermore suggest that dense taxon sampling, like dense character sampling, can overcome problems in phylogenetic reconstruction...
  72. Dalebout M, Robertson K, Frantzis A, Engelhaupt D, Mignucci Giannoni A, Rosario Delestre R, et al. Worldwide structure of mtDNA diversity among Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris): implications for threatened populations. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:3353-71 pubmed
    We present the first description of phylogeographic structure among Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris) worldwide using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences obtained from strandings (n = 70), incidental fisheries ..
  73. Mattiucci S, Paoletti M, Webb S. Anisakis nascettii n. sp. (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from beaked whales of the southern hemisphere: morphological description, genetic relationships between congeners and ecological data. Syst Parasitol. 2009;74:199-217 pubmed publisher
    A new anisakid nematode, Anisakis nascettii n. sp., is described from beaked whales Mesoplodon spp. off the coast of New Zealand and South Africa...
  74. Jones B, Stanton T, Lavery A, Johnson M, Madsen P, Tyack P. Classification of broadband echoes from prey of a foraging Blainville's beaked whale. J Acoust Soc Am. 2008;123:1753-62 pubmed publisher
    Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) use broadband, ultrasonic echolocation signals with a -10 dB bandwidth from 26 to 51 kHz to search for, localize, and approach prey that generally consist of mid-water and deep-water ..
  75. Kovacs K, Lydersen C. Climate change impacts on seals and whales in the North Atlantic Arctic and adjacent shelf seas. Sci Prog. 2008;91:117-50 pubmed
    ..If species are fixed in traditional spatial and temporal cycles, and are unable to shift them within decadal time scales, some populations will go extinct. In somewhat longer time frames, species extinctions can also be envisaged...
  76. McDonald M, Hildebrand J, Wiggins S. Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in the Northeast Pacific west of San Nicolas Island, California. J Acoust Soc Am. 2006;120:711-8 pubmed
    ..Increases in commercial shipping are believed to account for the observed low-frequency ambient noise increase...
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    Understanding the scenarios whereby fishing gear entanglement of large whales induces mortality is important for the development of mitigation strategies...
  78. Fallows C, Gallagher A, Hammerschlag N. White sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) scavenging on whales and its potential role in further shaping the ecology of an apex predator. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60797 pubmed publisher
    ..While the appearance of a whale carcass is largely a stochastic event, we propose that white shark scavenging on whales may represent an underestimated, yet significant component to the overall foraging ecology of this species, ..