viverridae

Summary

Summary: The family of civets which are small and medium-sized Old World carnivores, often striped or spotted.

Top Publications

  1. Gaubert P, Cordeiro Estrela P. Phylogenetic systematics and tempo of evolution of the Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) within feliformians: implications for faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;41:266-78 pubmed
    We reconstructed the phylogeny of the subfamily Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) using a approximately 3kb data set in order to reassess timing and patterns of faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa...
  2. Marston D, Ellis R, Horton D, Kuzmin I, Wise E, McElhinney L, et al. Complete genome sequence of Ikoma lyssavirus. J Virol. 2012;86:10242-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Characterization of the genome will help to improve our understanding of lyssavirus diversity and enable investigation into vaccine-induced immunity and protection...
  3. Marston D, Horton D, Ngeleja C, Hampson K, McElhinney L, Banyard A, et al. Ikoma lyssavirus, highly divergent novel lyssavirus in an African civet. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:664-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of phylogenetic analysis of nucleoprotein gene sequences from representative Lyssavirus species and this novel lyssavirus provided strong empirical evidence that this is a new lyssavirus species, designated Ikoma lyssavirus...
  4. Patou M, Debruyne R, Jennings A, Zubaid A, Rovie Ryan J, Veron G. Phylogenetic relationships of the Asian palm civets (Hemigalinae & Paradoxurinae, Viverridae, Carnivora). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2008;47:883-92 pubmed publisher
    The Viverridae (Mammalia, Carnivora), one of the least studied groups of carnivorans, include two subfamilies of Asian palm civets: Hemigalinae and Paradoxurinae...
  5. Santos N, Almendra C, Tavares L. Serologic survey for canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in free-ranging wild carnivores from Portugal. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:221-6 pubmed
    ..The extremely high CPV antibody prevalence in genets is unprecedented. Although based on a limited sample, these data suggest widespread exposure of free-ranging Iberian carnivores to CDV and CPV...
  6. Vijaykrishna D, Smith G, Zhang J, Peiris J, Chen H, Guan Y. Evolutionary insights into the ecology of coronaviruses. J Virol. 2007;81:4012-20 pubmed
    ..Further surveillance of bat and other animal populations is needed to fully describe the ecology and evolution of this virus family...
  7. Masuda R, Lin L, Pei K, Chen Y, Chang S, Kaneko Y, et al. Origins and founder effects on the Japanese masked palm civet Paguma larvata (Viverridae, Carnivora), revealed from a comparison with its molecular phylogeography in Taiwan. Zoolog Sci. 2010;27:499-505 pubmed publisher
    The source areas of the Japanese populations of the masked palm civet Paguma larvata (Viverridae, Carnivora), an alien species in Japan, have not been identified...
  8. Alvarado Rybak M, Solano Gallego L, Millan J. A review of piroplasmid infections in wild carnivores worldwide: importance for domestic animal health and wildlife conservation. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:538 pubmed
    ..infecting captive and wild carnivores, including members of Canidae, Felidae, Mustelidae, Procyonidae, Ursidae, Viverridae, Hyaenidae and Herpestidae in the Americas, Eurasia and Africa...
  9. Finarelli J. Does encephalization correlate with life history or metabolic rate in Carnivora?. Biol Lett. 2010;6:350-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This strategy of fewer, larger offspring correlating with increased encephalization remains intact even after independent changes in encephalization allometries in the evolutionary history of this clade...

More Information

Publications72

  1. Dobson A. Virology. What links bats to emerging infectious diseases?. Science. 2005;310:628-9 pubmed
  2. Widdows C, Downs C. Urban roost temperatures of large-spotted-genets: The effect of anthropogenic structures. J Therm Biol. 2016;57:66-71 pubmed publisher
    ..However, high temperatures experienced during the summer can be detrimental to juvenile large-spotted genets resulting in plasticity of breeding behaviour and a switch to producing young in cooler months. ..
  3. Zhang D, Xu L, Bu H, Wang D, Xu C, Wang R. The complete mitochondrial genome of the masked palm civet (Paguma larvata, Mammalia, Carnivora). Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2016;27:3764-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The phylogenetic analysis shows that all species from the family Viverridae cluster together, in which P. larvata exhibits the closest relationship with Genetta servalina.
  4. Rosalino L, Rodrigues M, Santos Silva M, Santos Reis M. Unusual findings on host-tick interactions through carnivore scat analysis. Exp Appl Acarol. 2007;43:293-302 pubmed
    ..g. Ixodes acuminatus (Neumann, 1901) and wood mouse] and tick distribution pattern. These unusual findings, besides shedding some light on the host-tick Portuguese assemblage, revealed scats as a new source of biological information. ..
  5. Tu C, Crameri G, Kong X, Chen J, Sun Y, Yu M, et al. Antibodies to SARS coronavirus in civets. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:2244-8 pubmed
  6. Sahajpal V, Goyal S. Identification of a forensic case using microscopy and forensically informative nucleotide sequencing (FINS): a case study of small Indian civet (Viverricula indica). Sci Justice. 2010;50:94-7 pubmed publisher
    ..With respect to DNA extraction technology we found that automatic extraction method of Biorobot EZ1 (Qiagen) is quite useful with less amount of sample (much below recommended amount)...
  7. Nakashima Y, Inoue E, Inoue Murayama M, Abd Sukor J. Functional uniqueness of a small carnivore as seed dispersal agents: a case study of the common palm civets in the Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia. Oecologia. 2010;164:721-30 pubmed publisher
    ..aculeata seeds after 1 year. These results indicate that non-random dispersal by civets is important for the persistence of L. aculeata. Civets may disperse other plant species and thus could have profound effects on forest dynamics...
  8. Xu H, Xu R, Xu J, Gu J, Zhang Z, Gao K, et al. [Study on the dynamic prevalence of serum antibody against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in employees from wild animal market in Guangzhou]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2006;27:950-2 pubmed
    ..To investigate the dynamic trend of specific antibody against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV in serum collected at various periods among employees in Guangzhou Xinyuan animal market...
  9. Perelman P, Beklemisheva V, Yudkin D, Petrina T, Rozhnov V, Nie W, et al. Comparative chromosome painting in Carnivora and Pholidota. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;137:174-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Future use of whole-genome sequencing data is discussed in the context of solving the questions that are beyond resolution of conventional banding techniques and chromosome painting...
  10. Takayama I, Kubo M, Takenaka A, Fujita K, Sugiyama T, Arai T, et al. Pathological and phylogenetic features of prevalent canine distemper viruses in wild masked palm civets in Japan. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;32:539-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, recent CDV infections in masked palm civets could be caused by recently prevalent CDV in dogs. The possibility of the masked palm civet as a spreader of CDV among wildlife is also discussed...
  11. Hu W, Bai B, Hu Z, Chen Z, An X, Tang L, et al. Development and evaluation of a multitarget real-time Taqman reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus and surveillance for an apparently related coronavirus found in masked palm civ. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2041-6 pubmed
    ..Using this assay, we also detected an apparently SARS-CoV-related coronavirus in the throat swab specimens from masked palm civets in the west part of Hubei Province, People's Republic of China...
  12. Kan B, Wang M, Jing H, Xu H, Jiang X, Yan M, et al. Molecular evolution analysis and geographic investigation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-like virus in palm civets at an animal market and on farms. J Virol. 2005;79:11892-900 pubmed
    ..Finally, the remaining six SNVs caused four amino acid changes, at positions 227, 244, 344, and 778, which resulted in the group of viruses responsible for the global epidemic...
  13. Sato S, Kabeya H, Shigematsu Y, Sentsui H, Une Y, Minami M, et al. Small Indian mongooses and masked palm civets serve as new reservoirs of Bartonella henselae and potential sources of infection for humans. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013;19:1181-7 pubmed publisher
    ..henselae from small Indian mongooses and masked palm civets. The data obtained in the present study suggest that these animals serve as new reservoirs for B. henselae, and may play a role as potential sources of human infection...
  14. Che X, Di B, Zhao G, Wang Y, Qiu L, Hao W, et al. A patient with asymptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and antigenemia from the 2003-2004 community outbreak of SARS in Guangzhou, China. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:e1-5 pubmed
    ..This intermediate phase may be a critical stage for virus evolution and disease prevention...
  15. Perelman P, Graphodatsky A, Serdukova N, Nie W, Alkalaeva E, Fu B, et al. Karyotypic conservatism in the suborder Feliformia (Order Carnivora). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108:348-54 pubmed
    ..the karyotypic relationships among representative species from three Feliformia families of the order Carnivora (Viverridae, Hyaenidae and Felidae)...
  16. Pavlovic Lazetic G, Mitic N, Tomović A, Pavlović M, Beljanski M. SARS-CoV genome polymorphism: a bioinformatics study. Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics. 2005;3:18-35 pubmed
    ..Both classifications proposed are in accordance with the new insights into possible epidemiological spread, both in space and time...
  17. Xiao Y, Meng Q, Yin X, Guan Y, Liu Y, Li C, et al. Pathological changes in masked palm civets experimentally infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus. J Comp Pathol. 2008;138:171-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These parallels suggest that civets may be used as an animal model of this infection to gain insight into the pathogenesis of SARS and for evaluation of candidate vaccines and antiviral drugs...
  18. Holmes K. Structural biology. Adaptation of SARS coronavirus to humans. Science. 2005;309:1822-3 pubmed
  19. Ren W, Qu X, Li W, Han Z, Yu M, Zhou P, et al. Difference in receptor usage between severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus and SARS-like coronavirus of bat origin. J Virol. 2008;82:1899-907 pubmed
    ..The significance of these findings in relation to virus origin, virus recombination, and host switching is discussed...
  20. Kurihara N. Utility of hair shafts from study skins for mitochondrial DNA analysis. Genet Mol Res. 2013;12:5396-404 pubmed publisher
    ..in hair shafts preserved in a museum was examined using 30 study skins of masked palm civets, Paguma larvata (Viverridae), collected between 1924 and 2011...
  21. Shi Z, Hu Z. A review of studies on animal reservoirs of the SARS coronavirus. Virus Res. 2008;133:74-87 pubmed
    ..Apart from masked palm civets and bats, 29 other animal species had been tested for the SARS-CoV, and the results are summarized in this paper...
  22. Zhao J, Fang S, He Y, Yang H, Liu J, Hu Q, et al. [Detection of SARS-coronavirus in both human and animals by RT-PCR]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2005;34:412-5 pubmed
  23. Gaubert P, Wozencraft W, Cordeiro Estrela P, Veron G. Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?. Syst Biol. 2005;54:865-94 pubmed
    ..A total of 349 characters grouped into four anatomical partitions were used for all species of Viverridae and viverrid-like taxa plus representatives of the Felidae, Hyaenidae, Herpestidae, and one Malagasy mongoose...
  24. Wang M, Yan M, Xu H, Liang W, Kan B, Zheng B, et al. SARS-CoV infection in a restaurant from palm civet. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1860-5 pubmed
    ..SARS cases at the restaurant were the result of recent interspecies transfer from the putative palm civet reservoir, and not the result of continued circulation of SARS-CoV in the human population...
  25. Ren W, Li W, Yu M, Hao P, Zhang Y, Zhou P, et al. Full-length genome sequences of two SARS-like coronaviruses in horseshoe bats and genetic variation analysis. J Gen Virol. 2006;87:3355-9 pubmed
    ..Genetic analysis demonstrated that a diverse G2b-CoV population exists in the bat habitat and has evolved from a common ancestor of SARS-CoV...
  26. Roberton S, Bell D, Smith G, Nicholls J, Chan K, Nguyen D, et al. Avian influenza H5N1 in viverrids: implications for wildlife health and conservation. Proc Biol Sci. 2006;273:1729-32 pubmed
  27. Wang Z, Li L, Jiang P, Liu L, Cui J. Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of Trichinella isolates from different provinces in mainland China. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:753-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequence analysis of the 5S ISR gene further confirmed that the nine Trichinella isolates were T. spiralis and revealed the intraspecies genetic variation within T. spiralis...
  28. Wu K, Peng G, Wilken M, Geraghty R, Li F. Mechanisms of host receptor adaptation by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:8904-11 pubmed publisher
    ..These results not only illustrate the detailed mechanisms of host receptor adaptation by SARS-CoV but also provide a molecular and structural basis for tracking future SARS-CoV evolution in animals...
  29. Horton D, Banyard A, Marston D, Wise E, Selden D, Nunez A, et al. Antigenic and genetic characterization of a divergent African virus, Ikoma lyssavirus. J Gen Virol. 2014;95:1025-32 pubmed publisher
    ..We also investigated the role of bats as reservoirs of IKOV. We found no evidence for infection among 483 individuals of at least 13 bat species sampled across sites in the Serengeti and Southern Kenya. ..
  30. Mizukawa H, Nomiyama K, Nakatsu S, Yachimori S, Hayashi T, Tashiro Y, et al. Species-specific differences in the accumulation features of organohalogen contaminants and their metabolites in the blood of Japanese terrestrial mammals. Environ Pollut. 2013;174:28-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Cats exhibited higher accumulation and specific patterns of OH-PCBs, OH-PBDEs, and MeO-PBDEs, they may be at a high risk from these metabolites...
  31. Li X, Glaser D, Li W, Johnson W, O Brien S, Beauchamp G, et al. Analyses of sweet receptor gene (Tas1r2) and preference for sweet stimuli in species of Carnivora. J Hered. 2009;100 Suppl 1:S90-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The observation that the lesser panda highly preferred aspartame could be an example of evolutionary convergence in the identification of sweet stimuli...
  32. Araki K, Kubo T, Kudoh H. Genet-specific DNA methylation probabilities detected in a spatial epigenetic analysis of a clonal plant population. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178145 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding suggests that it requires further studies on the spatial epigenetic structure of natural populations of diverse organisms, particularly for sessile clonal species. ..
  33. Hirama K, Goto Y, Uema M, Endo Y, Miura R, Kai C. Phylogenetic analysis of the hemagglutinin (H) gene of canine distemper viruses isolated from wild masked palm civets (Paguma larvata). J Vet Med Sci. 2004;66:1575-8 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the CDV strains derived from masked palm civets were classified into the group of recent Japanese CDV isolates...
  34. Roberts A, Wood J, Subbarao K, Ferguson M, Wood D, Cherian T. Animal models and antibody assays for evaluating candidate SARS vaccines: summary of a technical meeting 25-26 August 2005, London, UK. Vaccine. 2006;24:7056-65 pubmed
  35. Susetya H, Sugiyama M, Inagaki A, Ito N, Mudiarto G, Minamoto N. Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Indonesia. Virus Res. 2008;135:144-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of phylogenetic analysis and historical background suggest that rabies viruses in China might have been transferred to Indonesia and spread to each island due to human activities...
  36. Li W, Shi Z, Yu M, Ren W, Smith C, Epstein J, et al. Bats are natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses. Science. 2005;310:676-9 pubmed
    ..The human and civet isolates of SARS-CoV nestle phylogenetically within the spectrum of SL-CoVs, indicating that the virus responsible for the SARS outbreak was a member of this coronavirus group...
  37. Suárez Fernández G. [The primordial reservoir in the infectious contagion cicle. The avian influenza model]. An R Acad Nac Med (Madr). 2006;123:631-45 pubmed
    ..Finally, the problem of Avian Influenza and the real risk posed by aquatic migratory birds in the diffusion and contagion of the present Avian Influence epidemics is reviewed...
  38. Li F, Li W, Farzan M, Harrison S. Structure of SARS coronavirus spike receptor-binding domain complexed with receptor. Science. 2005;309:1864-8 pubmed
    ..The structure of the RBD suggests ways to make truncated disulfide-stabilized RBD variants for use in the design of coronavirus vaccines...
  39. Jumhawan U, Putri S, Yusianto -, Marwani E, Bamba T, Fukusaki E. Selection of discriminant markers for authentication of Asian palm civet coffee (Kopi Luwak): a metabolomics approach. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:7994-8001 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report to address the selection and successful validation of discriminant markers for the authentication of Kopi Luwak. ..
  40. Guo H, Guo A, Wang C, Yan B, Lu H, Chen H. Expression of feline angiotensin converting enzyme 2 and its interaction with SARS-CoV S1 protein. Res Vet Sci. 2008;84:494-6 pubmed
    ..The N terminal fragment 19- 367 aa was expressed in Escherishia coli. Both Western blotting and ELISA demonstrated that fACE2 could react with SARS-CoV S1 protein as efficiently as ACE2 of Vero E6 cells did...
  41. Lee K, Iwata T, Nakadai A, Kato T, Hayama S, Taniguchi T, et al. Prevalence of Salmonella, Yersinia and Campylobacter spp. in feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) and masked palm civets (Paguma larvata) in Japan. Zoonoses Public Health. 2011;58:424-31 pubmed publisher
    ..As these animals have omnivorous behaviour and a wide range of habitats, they can play an important role in the transmission of the enteric pathogens...
  42. Wang L, Eaton B. Bats, civets and the emergence of SARS. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2007;315:325-44 pubmed
  43. Li W, Zhang C, Sui J, Kuhn J, Moore M, Luo S, et al. Receptor and viral determinants of SARS-coronavirus adaptation to human ACE2. EMBO J. 2005;24:1634-43 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these data describe molecular interactions important to the adaptation of SARS-CoV to human cells, and provide insight into the severity of the 2002-2003 SARS epidemic...
  44. Perpinan D, Steffen D, Napier J. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma and endogenous lipid pneumonia in a common genet (Genetta genetta). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010;41:710-2 pubmed
    ..Gross necropsy findings included consolidated lungs, multiple pale foci in the heart, and an atrophic right kidney. The histologic diagnosis was metastatic adenocarcinoma with associated endogenous lipid pneumonia...
  45. Song H, Tu C, Zhang G, Wang S, Zheng K, Lei L, et al. Cross-host evolution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in palm civet and human. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:2430-5 pubmed
  46. Hou G, Zhao J, Zhou H, Rong G. Seroprevalence and genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in masked palm civet (Paguma larvata) in Hainan province, tropical China. Acta Trop. 2016;162:103-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicated that ToxoDB Genotype#9 has a distribution in masked palm civet that could be potential reservoirs for T. gondii transmission, which may pose a threat to human health. ..
  47. Yu M, Stevens V, Berry J, Crameri G, McEachern J, Tu C, et al. Determination and application of immunodominant regions of SARS coronavirus spike and nucleocapsid proteins recognized by sera from different animal species. J Immunol Methods. 2008;331:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering that a large number of animal species are known to be susceptible to SARS-CoV, these assays will be a useful tool to trace the origin and transmission of SARS-CoV and to minimise the risk of animal-to-human transmission...
  48. Li F. Structural analysis of major species barriers between humans and palm civets for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus infections. J Virol. 2008;82:6984-91 pubmed publisher
    ..These results enhance our understanding of host adaptations and cross-species infections of SARS-CoV and other emerging animal viruses...
  49. Wu D, Tu C, Xin C, Xuan H, Meng Q, Liu Y, et al. Civets are equally susceptible to experimental infection by two different severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus isolates. J Virol. 2005;79:2620-5 pubmed
    ..Our data show that civets were equally susceptible to SARS-CoV isolates GZ01 and BJ01...
  50. Ge X, Li J, Yang X, Chmura A, Zhu G, Epstein J, et al. Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor. Nature. 2013;503:535-8 pubmed publisher
    ..They also highlight the importance of pathogen-discovery programs targeting high-risk wildlife groups in emerging disease hotspots as a strategy for pandemic preparedness...
  51. Wang Z, Xu S, Zhang Y. The possible origin of recent human SARS coronavirus isolate from China. Acta Virol. 2006;50:211-3 pubmed
  52. He Y, Li J, Li W, Lustigman S, Farzan M, Jiang S. Cross-neutralization of human and palm civet severe acute respiratory syndrome coronaviruses by antibodies targeting the receptor-binding domain of spike protein. J Immunol. 2006;176:6085-92 pubmed
  53. Sheahan T, Rockx B, Donaldson E, Corti D, Baric R. Pathways of cross-species transmission of synthetically reconstructed zoonotic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. J Virol. 2008;82:8721-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, zoonotic SARS-CoV was variably neutralized by antibodies that were effective against the epidemic strain, highlighting their utility for evaluating passive immunization efficacy...
  54. Matsumoto T, Ahmed K, Wimalaratne O, Nanayakkara S, Perera D, Karunanayake D, et al. Novel sylvatic rabies virus variant in endangered golden palm civet, Sri Lanka. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:2346-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a novel sylvatic rabies virus variant detected in a golden palm civet in Sri Lanka. Evolutionary analysis suggests the virus diverged from canine rabies viruses in Sri Lanka in ?1933 (range 1886-1963)...
  55. TEI K, Kato T, Hamamoto K, Hayama S, Kawakami E. Estimated months of parturition and litter size in female masked palm civets (Paguma larvata) in Kanagawa Prefecture and Tokyo Metropolis. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:231-3 pubmed
    ..2% (62/212). The number of fetuses ranged from 1-4 (average 2.8), and the principal months of parturition estimated from the crown-rump lengths of fetuses were from March to November...
  56. Abe M, Yamasaki A, Ito N, Mizoguchi T, Asano M, Okano T, et al. Molecular characterization of rotaviruses in a Japanese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and a masked palm civet (Paguma larvata) in Japan. Vet Microbiol. 2010;146:253-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report on the detection and characterization of rotaviruses in a Japanese raccoon dog and masked palm civet. These findings show that wild animals constitute a potential zoonotic risk of rotaviruses...
  57. Chen J, Andersen D, Veron G, Randi E, Zhang S. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the masked palm civet (Paguma larvata). Biochem Genet. 2008;46:392-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 15, and the observed heterozygosity for these populations was 47.1 and 68.7%, respectively...
  58. Millan J, Candela M, Palomares F, Cubero M, Rodriguez A, Barral M, et al. Disease threats to the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). Vet J. 2009;182:114-24 pubmed publisher
  59. Normile D. Virology. Researchers tie deadly SARS virus to bats. Science. 2005;309:2154-5 pubmed
  60. Jiang Y, Cao Y, Han L, Jin R, Zheng D, He W, et al. [Diversity and bioactivity of culturable actinobacteria from animal feces]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2012;52:1282-9 pubmed
    ..In order to provide new source for discovering new lead compounds of drugs and other products, the diversity and some bioactivities of culturable actinobacteria in animal feces were studied...
  61. Millan J, Zanet S, Gomis M, Trisciuoglio A, Negre N, Ferroglio E. An investigation into alternative reservoirs of canine leishmaniasis on the endemic island of Mallorca (Spain). Transbound Emerg Dis. 2011;58:352-7 pubmed publisher
    ..infantum in Mallorca...
  62. Matoso Silva R, Adega F, Kjöllerström H, Labuschagne K, Kotze A, Fernandes C, et al. Classical and Molecular Cytogenetics of the Panther Genet Genetta maculata (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2016;149:274-281 pubmed
  63. Twining J, Bernard H, Ewers R. Increasing land-use intensity reverses the relative occupancy of two quadrupedal scavengers. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177143 pubmed publisher
    ..We did not assess scavenging rate or efficiency as a process, but the high occupancy rates and apparent health of the scavengers in high land use intensity landscapes suggests this ecological process is robust to land use change...