Summary: The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.

Top Publications

  1. Guo J. Tigers in trouble: year of the tiger. Nature. 2007;449:16-8 pubmed
  2. Luo S, Kim J, Johnson W, van der Walt J, Martenson J, Yuhki N, et al. Phylogeography and genetic ancestry of tigers (Panthera tigris). PLoS Biol. 2004;2:e442 pubmed
    ..methods for subspecies recognition, voucher specimens of blood, skin, hair, and/or skin biopsies from 134 tigers with verified geographic origins or heritage across the whole distribution range were examined for three molecular ..
  3. Luo S, Johnson W, Martenson J, Antunes A, Martelli P, Uphyrkina O, et al. Subspecies genetic assignments of worldwide captive tigers increase conservation value of captive populations. Curr Biol. 2008;18:592-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Tigers (Panthera tigris) are disappearing rapidly from the wild, from over 100,000 in the 1900s to as few as 3000. Javan (P.t. sondaica), Bali (P.t. balica), and Caspian (P.t...
  4. Lynam A. Securing a future for wild Indochinese tigers: Transforming tiger vacuums into tiger source sites. Integr Zool. 2010;5:324-334 pubmed publisher
    A century ago, tigers (Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758) were so common in parts of Southeast Asia as to be considered pests, and governments sponsored their killing...
  5. Bhagavatula J, Singh L. Genotyping faecal samples of Bengal tiger Panthera tigris tigris for population estimation: a pilot study. BMC Genet. 2006;7:48 pubmed
    ..monitor its populations through direct observations; instead indirect methods have always been used for studying tigers in the wild...
  6. Gratwicke B, Mills J, Dutton A, Gabriel G, Long B, Seidensticker J, et al. Attitudes toward consumption and conservation of tigers in China. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2544 pubmed publisher
    ..to buy or sell tiger products, and 93% agreed that a ban in trade of tiger parts was necessary to conserve wild tigers. These results indicate that while Urban Chinese people are generally supportive of tiger conservation, there is a ..
  7. Hiby L, Lovell P, Patil N, Kumar N, Gopalaswamy A, Karanth K. A tiger cannot change its stripes: using a three-dimensional model to match images of living tigers and tiger skins. Biol Lett. 2009;5:383-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Camera traps can be used to record individual tigers moving over an array of locations and provide data for monitoring and studying populations and devising ..
  8. Seidensticker J. Saving wild tigers: a case study in biodiversity loss and challenges to be met for recovery beyond 2010. Integr Zool. 2010;5:285-299 pubmed publisher
    Wild tigers are being annihilated...
  9. Wibisono H, Pusparini W. Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae): a review of conservation status. Integr Zool. 2010;5:313-323 pubmed publisher
    The majority of wild Sumatran tigers are believed to live in 12 Tiger Conservation Landscapes covering approximately 88,000 km(2) . However, the actual distribution of tigers across Sumatra has never been accurately mapped...

More Information

Publications112 found, 100 shown here

  1. Stokes E. Improving effectiveness of protection efforts in tiger source sites: Developing a framework for law enforcement monitoring using MIST. Integr Zool. 2010;5:363-377 pubmed publisher
    Wild tigers are in a critical state with an estimated population decline of more than 95% over the past century...
  2. Goodrich J, Quigley K, Lewis J, Astafiev A, Slabi E, Miquelle D, et al. Serosurvey of free-ranging Amur tigers in the Russian Far East. J Wildl Dis. 2012;48:186-9 pubmed
    Wild Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica, n=44) from the Russian Far East were tested for antibodies to feline leukemia virus, feline corona virus (FCoV), feline immunodeficiency virus, feline parvovirus (FPV), canine distemper virus (..
  3. Reddy P, Gour D, Bhavanishankar M, Jaggi K, Hussain S, Harika K, et al. Genetic evidence of tiger population structure and migration within an isolated and fragmented landscape in Northwest India. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29827 pubmed publisher
  4. Williams J, Bester L, Venter L, Pretorius D, Greyling F. Barbiturate ingestion in three adult captive tigers (Panthera tigris) and concomitant fatal botulism of one. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2011;82:244-9 pubmed
    Zoo animals, including tigers, have been reported to suffer from barbiturate intoxication, with pentabarbitone being most commonly recorded...
  5. Harihar A, Pandav B. Influence of connectivity, wild prey and disturbance on occupancy of tigers in the human-dominated western Terai Arc Landscape. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40105 pubmed publisher
    ..their historical range and confined to forested habitats interspersed in a matrix of human dominated landscapes, tigers (Panthera tigris) typify the problems faced by most large carnivores worldwide...
  6. Xu X, Dong G, Hu X, Miao L, Zhang X, Zhang D, et al. The genetic basis of white tigers. Curr Biol. 2013;23:1031-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Many white tigers in captivity are inbred in order to maintain this autosomal recessive trait and consequently suffer some health ..
  7. Quirk M. Zoo tigers succumb to avian influenza. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004;4:716 pubmed
  8. Keawcharoen J, Oraveerakul K, Kuiken T, Fouchier R, Amonsin A, Payungporn S, et al. Avian influenza H5N1 in tigers and leopards. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:2189-91 pubmed
    ..We demonstrate that avian influenza A (H5N1) virus caused severe pneumonia in tigers and leopards that fed on infected poultry carcasses...
  9. Karanth K, Nichols J, Kumar N, Hines J. Assessing tiger population dynamics using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Ecology. 2006;87:2925-37 pubmed
    ..We obtained photographic capture histories for 74 individual tigers during a nine-year study involving 5725 trap-nights of effort...
  10. Song J, Hua S, Song K, Zhang Y. Culture, characteristics and chromosome complement of Siberian tiger fibroblasts for nuclear transfer. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2007;43:203-9 pubmed
  11. Gratwicke B, Bennett E, Broad S, Christie S, Dutton A, Gabriel G, et al. The world can't have wild tigers and eat them, too. Conserv Biol. 2008;22:222-3 pubmed publisher
  12. Li X, Yeung L, Taniyasu S, Lam P, Yamashita N, Xu M, et al. Accumulation of perfluorinated compounds in captive Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) and African lions (Panthera leo Linnaeus) in China. Chemosphere. 2008;73:1649-53 pubmed publisher
    The accumulation of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the sera of captive wildlife species Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) and African lions (Panthera leo Linnaeus) from Harbin Wildlife Park, Heilongjiang Province, in China were ..
  13. Wibisono H, Linkie M, Guillera Arroita G, Smith J, Sunarto -, Pusparini W, et al. Population status of a cryptic top predator: an island-wide assessment of tigers in Sumatran rainforests. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25931 pubmed publisher
    ..g. through improved land-use planning, if it is to succeed in meeting its ambitious National Tiger Recovery Plan targets of doubling the number of Sumatran tigers by 2022.
  14. Reddy P, Bhavanishankar M, Bhagavatula J, Harika K, Mahla R, Shivaji S. Improved methods of carnivore faecal sample preservation, DNA extraction and quantification for accurate genotyping of wild tigers. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e46732 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend quantification of template DNA as this facilitates several downstream protocols. ..
  15. Ji A, Johnson M, Walsh E, McGee J, Armstrong D. Discrimination of individual tigers (Panthera tigris) from long distance roars. J Acoust Soc Am. 2013;133:1762-9 pubmed publisher
    ..individuality through both qualitative and quantitative approaches using long distance roars from six individual tigers at Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo in Omaha, NE...
  16. Mondol S, Bruford M, Ramakrishnan U. Demographic loss, genetic structure and the conservation implications for Indian tigers. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20130496 pubmed publisher
    India is home to approximately 60 per cent of the world's remaining wild tigers, a species that has declined in the last few centuries to occupy less than 7 per cent of its former geographical range...
  17. Thornley M. Avian influenza ravages Thai tigers. Aust Vet J. 2004;82:652 pubmed
  18. Amonsin A, Payungporn S, Theamboonlers A, Thanawongnuwech R, Suradhat S, Pariyothorn N, et al. Genetic characterization of H5N1 influenza A viruses isolated from zoo tigers in Thailand. Virology. 2006;344:480-91 pubmed
    The H5N1 avian influenza virus outbreak among zoo tigers in mid-October 2004, with 45 animals dead, indicated that the avian influenza virus could cause lethal infection in a large mammalian species apart from humans...
  19. Graham L, Byers A, Armstrong D, Loskutoff N, Swanson W, Wildt D, et al. Natural and gonadotropin-induced ovarian activity in tigers (Panthera tigris) assessed by fecal steroid analyses. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2006;147:362-70 pubmed
    Fecal samples were collected from female tigers (n = 17) to compare endocrine patterns associated with natural ovarian activity with those after chorionic gonadotropin ovulation induction and artificial insemination (AI)...
  20. Morell V. Wildlife biology. Can the wild tiger survive?. Science. 2007;317:1312-4 pubmed
  21. Driscoll C, Yamaguchi N, Bar Gal G, Roca A, Luo S, Macdonald D, et al. Mitochondrial phylogeography illuminates the origin of the extinct caspian tiger and its relationship to the amur tiger. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4125 pubmed publisher
    ..tigris virgata) flourished in Central Asian riverine forest systems in a range disjunct from that of other tigers, but was driven to extinction in 1970 prior to a modern molecular evaluation...
  22. Hines J, Nichols J, Royle J, MacKenzie D, Gopalaswamy A, Kumar N, et al. Tigers on trails: occupancy modeling for cluster sampling. Ecol Appl. 2010;20:1456-66 pubmed
    ..g., reflecting dependence) for the distribution of the variable(s) of interest among subunits...
  23. Titze I, Fitch W, Hunter E, Alipour F, Montequin D, Armstrong D, et al. Vocal power and pressure-flow relationships in excised tiger larynges. J Exp Biol. 2010;213:3866-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The larynges of five tigers (three Siberian or Amur, one generic non-pedigreed tiger with Bengal ancestry and one Sumatran), which had died of ..
  24. Linkie M, Guillera Arroita G, Smith J, Rayan D. Monitoring tigers with confidence. Integr Zool. 2010;5:342-350 pubmed publisher
    With only 5% of the world's wild tigers (Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758) remaining since the last century, conservationists urgently need to know whether or not the management strategies currently being employed are effectively protecting ..
  25. Luo S, Johnson W, O Brien S. Applying molecular genetic tools to tiger conservation. Integr Zool. 2010;5:351-362 pubmed publisher
    ..subspecies, to assess population genetic status non-invasively, and to verify genetic background of captive tigers worldwide...
  26. Miller C, Hebblewhite M, Goodrich J, Miquelle D. Review of research methodologies for tigers: telemetry. Integr Zool. 2010;5:378-389 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite the ecological and conservation benefits of radio telemetry, there have been few telemetry studies of tigers in the wild, and most have been on the Bengal or Amur subspecies...
  27. Kerley L. Using dogs for tiger conservation and research. Integr Zool. 2010;5:390-396 pubmed publisher
    ..efficacy of using dogs in wildlife studies and considers the use of dogs in the research and conservation of wild tigers (Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758)...
  28. Pokorny I, Sharma R, Goyal S, Mishra S, Tiedemann R. MHC class I and MHC class II DRB gene variability in wild and captive Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris). Immunogenetics. 2010;62:667-79 pubmed publisher
    Bengal tigers are highly endangered and knowledge on adaptive genetic variation can be essential for efficient conservation and management...
  29. Kitpipit T, Tobe S, Linacre A. The complete mitochondrial genome analysis of the tiger (Panthera tigris). Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:5745-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The repetitive sequence 3 (RS 3) contained 47-50 repeat motifs of a shorter 8 bp (ACGTAYAC)(n). Second, length heteroplasmy polycystosine (poly-C) stretches was observed at the end of the HV I locus in all tiger samples...
  30. Nagao Y, Nishio Y, Shiomoda H, Tamaru S, Shimojima M, Goto M, et al. An outbreak of canine distemper virus in tigers (Panthera tigris): possible transmission from wild animals to zoo animals. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:699-705 pubmed
    ..In the subsequent months (January to February 2010), 12 tigers (Panthera tigris) in the zoo developed respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases, and CDV RNA was detected in ..
  31. Sunarto S, Kelly M, Parakkasi K, Klenzendorf S, Septayuda E, Kurniawan H. Tigers need cover: multi-scale occupancy study of the big cat in Sumatran forest and plantation landscapes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30859 pubmed publisher
    ..of forests into plantations, however, it is crucial for restoration efforts to understand to what extent tigers use modified habitats...
  32. Zhang Y, Li D, Xiao Q, Rao L, Zhang X. [Genetic diversity of microsatellite loci in captive Amur tigers]. Yi Chuan. 2004;26:620-4 pubmed
    ..Several hundred captive populations of Amur tigers are the main source to protect gene library of tiger and the source of recovering the wild populations...
  33. Gour D, Bhagavatula J, Bhavanishankar M, Reddy P, Gupta J, Sarkar M, et al. Philopatry and dispersal patterns in tiger (Panthera tigris). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66956 pubmed publisher
    ..We used non-invasively obtained genetic data to establish the presence of 28 tigers, 22 females and 6 males, within the core area of Pench tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh...
  34. Cho Y, Hu L, Hou H, Lee H, Xü J, Kwon S, et al. The tiger genome and comparative analysis with lion and snow leopard genomes. Nat Commun. 2013;4:2433 pubmed publisher
    b>Tigers and their close relatives (Panthera) are some of the world's most endangered species...
  35. Carter N, López Bao J, Bruskotter J, Gore M, Chapron G, Johnson A, et al. A conceptual framework for understanding illegal killing of large carnivores. Ambio. 2017;46:251-264 pubmed publisher
    ..We apply our framework to two case studies, tigers in Laos and wolverines in northern Sweden, to demonstrate its utility in disentangling some of the complex ..
  36. Mazák J, Christiansen P, Kitchener A. Oldest known pantherine skull and evolution of the tiger. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25483 pubmed publisher
    ..at <100 KYA, although their cranial morphology is readily distinguishable, indicating that early Pleistocene tigers would likely have differed markedly anatomically from extant tigers...
  37. Emerson J, Case J, Brock A, Vigani A, Graham D, Isaza R. Single-incision, multicannulated, laparoscopic ovariectomy in two tigers (Panthera tigris). Vet Q. 2013;33:108-11 pubmed publisher
  38. Joshi A, Dinerstein E, Wikramanayake E, Anderson M, Olson D, Jones B, et al. Tracking changes and preventing loss in critical tiger habitat. Sci Adv. 2016;2:e1501675 pubmed publisher
    The global population of wild tigers remains dangerously low at fewer than 3500 individuals. Habitat loss, along with poaching, can undermine the international target recovery of doubling the number of wild tigers by 2022...
  39. Sykes J, Garner M, Greer L, Lung N, Coke R, Ridgley F, et al. Oral eosinophilic granulomas in tigers (Panthera tigris)--a collection of 16 cases. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007;38:300-8 pubmed
    Oral eosinophilic granulomas were diagnosed in 16 tigers (Panthera tigris). All lesions were located on the hard or soft palate and typically consisted of flat or slightly raised circular ulcers...
  40. Coomer A, Lewis D, Wiedner E, Isaza R, Winter M, Aloisio F, et al. Stabilization of juxta-physeal distal tibial and fibular fractures in a juvenile tiger using a hybrid circular-linear external fixator. Vet Surg. 2012;41:248-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Closed application of the hybrid construct provided sufficient stability to allow this 90 kg tiger's juxta-articular fractures to heal with minimal complications and without disrupting growth from the adjacent physes. ..
  41. Rahal S, Volpi R, Teixeira C, Machado V, Soares G, Ramires Neto C, et al. Congenital deformity of the paw in a captive tiger: case report. BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:98 pubmed
    ..This report shows a rare deformity in an exotic feline that it is compatible to ectrodactyly. Reconstructive surgery of the cleft resulted in significant improvement of limb function. ..
  42. Chadès I, McDonald Madden E, McCarthy M, Wintle B, Linkie M, Possingham H. When to stop managing or surveying cryptic threatened species. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:13936-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Using Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes in conservation science, we determine the conditions under which it is better to abandon management for that species because our belief that it continues to exist is too low. ..
  43. Oda S, Yamato R, Fedullo J, Leomil Neto M, Larsson M. Standardization of some electrocardiographic parameters of captive leopard cats (Leopardus tigrinus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:414-20 pubmed
    ..Echocardiographic exams revealed normal heart cavities' function and morphology. The aim of this study was to establish some electrocardiographic parameters of captive L. tigrinus...
  44. Miller A, Leighty K, Maloney M, Kuhar C, Bettinger T. How access to exhibit space impacts the behavior of female tigers (Panthera tigris). Zoo Biol. 2011;30:479-86 pubmed publisher
    ..We documented rates of aggression and affiliation in our group of six female tigers, under their normal housing conditions and during a period of exhibit renovations which resulted in a 50% ..
  45. Zhang Y, Hou Z, Ma J. Hemorrhagic enterocolitis and death in two felines (Panthera tigris altaica and Panthera leo) associated with Clostridium perfringens type A. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:394-6 pubmed
    ..Animal inoculation assays indicated that C. perfringens Type A played an important role in the pathogenesis of both felines. ..
  46. Susetya H, Sugiyama M, Inagaki A, Ito N, Mudiarto G, Minamoto N. Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Indonesia. Virus Res. 2008;135:144-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of phylogenetic analysis and historical background suggest that rabies viruses in China might have been transferred to Indonesia and spread to each island due to human activities...
  47. Diogo R, Pastor F, De Paz F, Potau J, Bello Hellegouarch G, Ferrero E, et al. The head and neck muscles of the serval and tiger: homologies, evolution, and proposal of a mammalian and a veterinary muscle ontology. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2012;295:2157-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Our observations and comparisons and the specific use of this nomenclature point out that felids such as tigers and servals and other carnivorans such as dogs have more facial muscle structures related to the mobility of both ..
  48. Henry P, Miquelle D, Sugimoto T, McCullough D, Caccone A, Russello M. In situ population structure and ex situ representation of the endangered Amur tiger. Mol Ecol. 2009;18:3173-84 pubmed publisher
  49. Król J, Bania J, Florek M, Podkowik M, Pliszczak Król A, Staroniewicz Z. Genetic diversity of Pasteurella dagmatis as assessed by analysis of the 16S rRNA and rpoB gene sequences. Curr Microbiol. 2011;63:87-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The isolate from a tiger seems to represent yet another evolutionary lineage within P. dagmatis. ..
  50. Barlow A, Greenwood C, Ahmad I, Smith J. Use of an action-selection framework for human-carnivore conflict in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Conserv Biol. 2010;24:1338-47 pubmed publisher
    ..We ranked tiger-response teams and monitoring problem tigers as the two best actions because both had relatively high impact and cost-effectiveness...
  51. Chauvenet A, Baxter P, McDonald Madden E, Possingham H. Optimal allocation of conservation effort among subpopulations of a threatened species: how important is patch quality?. Ecol Appl. 2010;20:789-97 pubmed
    ..We provide a useful guideline for allocating resources among isolated subpopulations of any threatened species. ..
  52. Singh S, Aspi J, Kvist L, Sharma R, Pandey P, Mishra S, et al. Fine-scale population genetic structure of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in a human-dominated western Terai Arc Landscape, India. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0174371 pubmed publisher
    ..The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) at the foothills of the Himalaya is one of the 42 source sites of tigers around the globe...
  53. Xiaofeng L, Yi Q, Diqiang L, Shirong L, Xiulei W, Bo W, et al. Habitat evaluation of wild Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) and conservation priority setting in north-eastern China. J Environ Manage. 2011;92:31-42 pubmed publisher
    ..food scarcity and human hunting have drastically reduced the population size and distribution areas of Amur tigers in the wild, leaving them on the verge of extinction...
  54. Narayan E, Parnell T, Clark G, Martin Vegue P, Mucci A, Hero J. Faecal cortisol metabolites in Bengal (Panthera tigris tigris) and Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2013;194:318-25 pubmed publisher
    ..non-invasive biomarkers of the stress hormone (cortisol) are necessary for assessing the health and welfare of tigers in captivity. To our knowledge, non-invasive stress endocrinology methods have not been tested as widely in tigers...
  55. Bol S, Caspers J, Buckingham L, Anderson Shelton G, Ridgway C, Buffington C, et al. Responsiveness of cats (Felidae) to silver vine (Actinidia polygama), Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica), valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and catnip (Nepeta cataria). BMC Vet Res. 2017;13:70 pubmed publisher
    ..It has long been known that some domestic cats and most tigers do not respond to catnip...
  56. Thanawongnuwech R, Amonsin A, Tantilertcharoen R, Damrongwatanapokin S, Theamboonlers A, Payungporn S, et al. Probable tiger-to-tiger transmission of avian influenza H5N1. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:699-701 pubmed
    During the second outbreak of avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand, probable horizontal transmission among tigers was demonstrated in the tiger zoo...
  57. Powe J, Castleman W, Fiorello C. A thymic carcinoid in a Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2005;36:531-3 pubmed
    ..Necropsy confirmed aortic thrombosis. Necrotizing enteritis and multifocal renal thrombosis were also noted. The cranial mediastinum contained a bilobed mass that histologically and ultrastructurally was consistent with a carcinoid. ..
  58. Guo Q, Gao M, Wang H. [Simulation on spatiotemporal dynamics of main prey populations of Panthera tigris in East Wanda Mountains]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2008;19:1551-8 pubmed
    ..The conclusions made in this study could provide scientific basis for the conservation and management of P. tigris' s preys in East Wanda Mountains, while the quantitative validation of the conclusions still needs further investigation. ..
  59. Mondal P, Nagendra H. Trends of forest dynamics in tiger landscapes across Asia. Environ Manage. 2011;48:781-94 pubmed publisher
  60. Xue Y, Chen J, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Liu D, Hua Y. Characterization of integron-mediated antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli strains isolated from a captive population of Amur tigers in China. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2013;44:951-6 pubmed
    ..resistance gene cassettes among multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolates from a captive population of Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) in China...
  61. Zimov S. Essays on science and society. Pleistocene Park: return of the mammoth's ecosystem. Science. 2005;308:796-8 pubmed
  62. Havard C, Wann D, Ryan T, O Neal N. Does Time Heal all Wounds? A Case Study on Rival Perceptions Before and After Conference Realignment. Int J Exerc Sci. 2017;10:823-832 pubmed
    ..beginning new annual competitions impacted fan rival perceptions for fans of the Texas A&M Aggies, Missouri Tigers, and Texas Christian University Horned Frogs...
  63. Buergelt C, Powe J, White T. Abdominal pythiosis in a Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2006;37:186-9 pubmed
    ..A pyogranulomatous panenteritis and lymphadenitis with intralesional hyphae led to a presumptive etiologic diagnosis of intestinal/abdominal pythiosis. The diagnosis of pythiosis was confirmed by serology and immunoblotting. ..
  64. Easow J, Tuladhar R. Aeromonas hydrophila wound infection following a tiger bite in Nepal. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007;38:867-70 pubmed
    ..We are documenting the first case of human wound infection with A. hydrophila following a tiger bite. The patient responded well following wound debridement, secondary suturing and combination antibiotic therapy. ..
  65. Fletcher A. Genuine fakes. Politics Life Sci. 2010;29:48-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The case study findings are relevant both to the emerging social issues surrounding the use of paleogenomics in wildlife conservation, and to the theoretical development of frame analysis as applied to scientific controversies. ..
  66. Pathak H, Borkar J, Dixit P, Dhawane S, Shrigiriwar M, Dingre N. Fatal tiger attack: a case report with emphasis on typical tiger injuries characterized by partially resembling stab-like wounds. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;232:e1-4 pubmed publisher
    Fatalities due to attacks by tigers on humans are uncommon and are rarely described in the medico-legal literature...
  67. Corpa J, Marin S, Peris B, Bolea R, Ortega J, Martinez J, et al. Renal papillary necrosis associated with dehydration in large cats. Vet Rec. 2005;157:814-6 pubmed
  68. Gratwicke B. Poaching laws are useless without solid enforcement. Nature. 2007;445:147 pubmed
  69. Mondol S, Karanth K, Ramakrishnan U. Why the Indian subcontinent holds the key to global tiger recovery. PLoS Genet. 2009;5:e1000585 pubmed publisher
    With only approximately 3,000 wild individuals surviving restricted to just 7% of their historical range, tigers are now a globally threatened species...
  70. Bollo E, Scaglione F, Chiappino L, Sereno A, Triberti O, Schröder C. Endogenous lipid (cholesterol) pneumonia in three captive Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012;24:618-20 pubmed publisher
    During the years 2009-2011, 7 Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica), aged between 2 and 14 years, from the Safaripark of Pombia were referred for necropsy to the Department of Animal Pathology of the University of Turin (Italy)...
  71. Pazzi P, Lim C, Steyl J. Tetralogy of Fallot and atrial septal defect in a white Bengal Tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris). Acta Vet Scand. 2014;56:12 pubmed publisher
    ..This report is the first to encompass arterial blood gas analysis, thoracic radiographs, echocardiography and necropsy findings in a white Bengal Tiger cub diagnosed with Tetralogy of Fallot with an atrial septal defect. ..
  72. Schiller H, Cullinane D, Sawyer M, Zietlow S. Captive tiger attack: case report and review of the literature. Am Surg. 2007;73:516-9 pubmed
    b>Tigers, as well as other large predators, are being held in private settings with increasing frequency. Unregulated private "zoos" are cropping up in many rural and suburban settings across the country...
  73. Bohannon J. Acoustics '08. Snapshots from the meeting. Science. 2008;321:339 pubmed publisher
  74. Zhang W, Yue B, Wang X, Zhang X, Xie Z, Liu N, et al. Analysis of variable sites between two complete South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) mitochondrial genomes. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:4257-64 pubmed publisher
    In order to investigate the mitochondrial genome of Panthera tigris amoyensis, two South China tigers (P25 and P27) were analyzed following 15 cymt-specific primer sets...
  75. Emami P, Kaiser T, Regelsberger J, Goebell E, Fiehler J, Westphal M, et al. Case report: surviving a tiger attack. Neurosurg Rev. 2012;35:621-4; discussion 624 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient we report on is a 28-year-old tamer, who was attacked by three tigers during an evening show...
  76. Steeil J, Sura P, Ramsay E, Reilly S, Seddighi R, Whittemore J. Laparoscopic-assisted ovariectomy of tigers (Panthera tigris) with the use of the LigaSure device. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:566-72 pubmed
    Laparoscopic ovariectomy was performed in seven tigers with the use of a vessel-sealing device and a three-port technique...
  77. Sykes J, Ramsay E. Attempted treatment of tigers (Panthera tigris) infected with Microsporum canis. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007;38:252-7 pubmed
    An outbreak of dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum canis occurred in tigers (Panthera tigris) at an exotic felid sanctuary in 2003...
  78. Flegel T, Bottcher P, Alef M, Kiefer I, Ludewig E, Thielebein J, et al. Continuous lumbar hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disc disease in an Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2008;39:468-71 pubmed
    ..This case suggests that the potential benefit of complete spinal cord decompression may outweigh the risk of causing clinically significant spinal instability after extensive decompression. ..
  79. Krook L, Whalen J. Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism in the animal kingdom: report of two cases. Clin Imaging. 2010;34:458-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Both responded clinically and radiographically to calcium supplementation and a diet with an appropriate phosphorus-to-calcium ratio. The importance of calcium and phosphorus in the human diet is briefly discussed. ..
  80. Klemuk S, Riede T, Walsh E, Titze I. Adapted to roar: functional morphology of tiger and lion vocal folds. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27029 pubmed publisher
    ..We tested the hypothesis in lions and tigers who are well-known for producing low frequency and very loud roaring sounds that expose vocal folds to large ..
  81. Wu C, Pang W, Zhao D. Amino acid sequence of the Amur tiger prion protein. Virus Res. 2006;121:93-6 pubmed
    ..In the present study, partial Prnp from 25 Amur tigers (tPrnp) were cloned and screened for polymorphisms...
  82. Cho H, Kim Y, Park N. Disseminated mycobacteriosis due to Mycobacterium avium in captive Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18:312-4 pubmed
    ..avium. This is an unusual case of disseminated infection of a wild mammal with avian mycobacteriosis, and is believed to be most likely associated with the feeding of tigers with culled chickens infected with M. avium.
  83. Zeira O, Briola C, Konar M, Dumas M, Wrzosek M, Papa V. Suspected neurotoxicity due to Clostridium perfringens type B in a tiger (Panthera tigris). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:666-9 pubmed
    ..In this communication, the acute onset of neurological signs without evidence of trauma, vascular, metabolic, or inflammatory diseases may be caused by neurotoxicity due to C. perfringens...
  84. Hashem M, Bhandari D, Kang S, Lee B. Cell cycle analysis and interspecies nuclear transfer of in vitro cultured skin fibroblasts of the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris Altaica). Mol Reprod Dev. 2007;74:403-11 pubmed
    ..This finding can be beneficial in nuclear transfer programs in Siberian tiger, because there are negative effects, such as apoptosis associated with serum starvation...
  85. Saxena M, Singh V, Kumar A, Chaudhuri P, Singh V, Shivachandra S, et al. REP-PCR analysis of Pasteurella multocida isolates from wild and domestic animals in India. Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:851-61 pubmed
    ..Two common bands were present in all the isolates irrespective of somatic or antigenic types. The results were not comparable with earlier findings, which had shown high discrimination index and correlation with disease presentation...
  86. Royle J, Karanth K, Gopalaswamy A, Kumar N. Bayesian inference in camera trapping studies for a class of spatial capture-recapture models. Ecology. 2009;90:3233-44 pubmed
    ..We apply the models to camera trapping data on tigers from the Nagarahole Reserve, India, collected over 48 nights in 2006...
  87. Barber Meyer S. Dealing with the clandestine nature of wildlife-trade market surveys. Conserv Biol. 2010;24:918-23 pubmed publisher
  88. Kang A, Xie Y, Tang J, Sanderson E, Ginsberg J, Zhang E. Historic distribution and recent loss of tigers in China. Integr Zool. 2010;5:335-341 pubmed publisher
    ..Throughout this time period, tigers maintained a broad distribution across 7 biomes (from forests to deserts)...
  89. Edelmann M, Utter M, Klein L, Wotman K. Combined excision and intralesional bevacizumab for sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid in an Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). Vet Ophthalmol. 2013;16:219-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Bevacizumab treatment may be associated with the regression of periocular angiogenic proliferative conditions, including neoplasia, by inhibiting angiogenesis...
  90. Scaglione F, Tursi M, Chiappino L, Schröder C, Triberti O, Bollo E. Pentalogy of Fallot in a captive Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:931-3 pubmed
    ..Endocardiosis of the mitral valve was also noted. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of a pentalogy of Fallot in a large felid that resulted in sudden death...
  91. Jiang Y, Cao Y, Han L, Jin R, Zheng D, He W, et al. [Diversity and bioactivity of culturable actinobacteria from animal feces]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2012;52:1282-9 pubmed
    ..In order to provide new source for discovering new lead compounds of drugs and other products, the diversity and some bioactivities of culturable actinobacteria in animal feces were studied...
  92. Carter N, Riley S, Shortridge A, Shrestha B, Liu J. Spatial assessment of attitudes toward tigers in Nepal. Ambio. 2014;43:125-37 pubmed publisher
    ..tigris) in Nepal's Chitwan National Park; and (2) modeled and mapped spatial clusters of attitudes toward tigers. Factors characterizing a person's position in society (i.e...