Summary: The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.

Top Publications

  1. Day L, Jayne B. Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae). J Exp Biol. 2007;210:642-54 pubmed
    ..02<P<0.05) with increased mass. Thus, in contrast to previous broadly comparative studies of mammals, larger species of felids did not have more upright limbs than smaller species...
  2. Wroe S, Lowry M, Anton M. How to build a mammalian super-predator. Zoology (Jena). 2008;111:196-203 pubmed publisher
  3. Walmsley A, Elton S, Louys J, Bishop L, Meloro C. Humeral epiphyseal shape in the felidae: the influence of phylogeny, allometry, and locomotion. J Morphol. 2012;273:1424-38 pubmed publisher
    Bone morphology of the cats (Mammalia: Felidae) is influenced by many factors, including locomotor mode, body size, hunting methods, prey size and phylogeny...
  4. Yu L, Zhang Y. Phylogenetic studies of pantherine cats (Felidae) based on multiple genes, with novel application of nuclear beta-fibrinogen intron 7 to carnivores. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2005;35:483-95 pubmed
    The pantherine lineage of the cat family Felidae (order: Carnivora) includes five big cats of genus Panthera and a great many midsized cats known worldwide...
  5. Buckley Beason V, Johnson W, Nash W, Stanyon R, Menninger J, Driscoll C, et al. Molecular evidence for species-level distinctions in clouded leopards. Curr Biol. 2006;16:2371-6 pubmed
    Among the 37 living species of Felidae, the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is generally classified as a monotypic genus basal to the Panthera lineage of great cats...
  6. King V, Goodfellow P, Pearks Wilkerson A, Johnson W, O Brien S, Pecon Slattery J. Evolution of the male-determining gene SRY within the cat family Felidae. Genetics. 2007;175:1855-67 pubmed publisher
    ..bp) along with the adjacent noncoding 5' flank (997 bp) and 3' flank (948 bp) in 36 species of the cat family Felidae. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that the noncoding genomic flanks and SRY closely track species divergence...
  7. McHenry C, Wroe S, Clausen P, Moreno K, Cunningham E. Supermodeled sabercat, predatory behavior in Smilodon fatalis revealed by high-resolution 3D computer simulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:16010-5 pubmed
    ..leo may be required for extended, asphyxiating bites and that the relatively low bite forces in S. fatalis might reflect its ability to kill large prey more quickly, avoiding the need for prolonged bites...
  8. Napolitano C, Bennett M, Johnson W, O Brien S, Marquet P, Barría I, et al. Ecological and biogeographical inferences on two sympatric and enigmatic Andean cat species using genetic identification of faecal samples. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:678-90 pubmed publisher
    ..These insights will facilitate and provide tools and hypotheses for much-needed research and conservation efforts on these species and this ecosystem...
  9. Meachen Samuels J, Van Valkenburgh B. Forelimb indicators of prey-size preference in the Felidae. J Morphol. 2009;270:729-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This morphometric technique worked well to separate prey-size preference in felids, but did not work as well to separate locomotor groups, as scansorial and terrestrial felids were not clearly distinguished...

More Information

Publications138 found, 100 shown here

  1. Boudreaux M, Osborne C, Herre A, Rivera E, Spangler E. Unique structure of the M loop region of ?1-tubulin may contribute to size variability of platelets in the family Felidae. Vet Clin Pathol. 2010;39:417-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutations in the gene encoding ?1-tubulin have been documented in dogs and people, and the resulting microtubule effects have been associated with production of large platelets...
  2. Troyer J, Pecon Slattery J, Roelke M, Johnson W, Vandewoude S, Vàzquez Salat N, et al. Seroprevalence and genomic divergence of circulating strains of feline immunodeficiency virus among Felidae and Hyaenidae species. J Virol. 2005;79:8282-94 pubmed
    ..to survey worldwide prevalence, distribution, and genomic differentiation of FIV based on 3,055 specimens from 35 Felidae and 3 Hyaenidae species...
  3. Barnett R, Barnes I, Phillips M, Martin L, Harington C, Leonard J, et al. Evolution of the extinct Sabretooths and the American cheetah-like cat. Curr Biol. 2005;15:R589-90 pubmed
  4. Brown J. Comparative endocrinology of domestic and nondomestic felids. Theriogenology. 2006;66:25-36 pubmed
    ..It now is well-recognized that a range in endocrine patterns exists among Felidae, with many traits and mechanisms being uncommon, if not unique...
  5. Kitchener A, Beaumont M, Richardson D. Geographical variation in the clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, reveals two species. Curr Biol. 2006;16:2377-83 pubmed
    ..nebulosa) and the other in Indonesia (N. diardi). The implications for conservation that arise from this new taxonomic arrangement are discussed...
  6. Luo S, Johnson W, David V, Menotti Raymond M, Stanyon R, Cai Q, et al. Development of Y chromosome intraspecific polymorphic markers in the Felidae. J Hered. 2007;98:400-13 pubmed
    ..We were able to identify new male-specific polymorphisms in the domestic cat Felis catus and 6 additional Felidae species with a combination of molecular genetic and cytogenetic approaches including 1) identifying domestic cat ..
  7. Franklin S, Troyer J, Terwee J, Lyren L, Kays R, Riley S, et al. Variability in assays used for detection of lentiviral infection in bobcats (Lynx rufus), pumas (Puma concolor), and ocelots (Leopardus pardalis). J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:700-10 pubmed
    ..However, the commercial ELISA kit may provide an adequate alternative for screening of some species and is more easily adapted to field conditions...
  8. Pecon Slattery J, Troyer J, Johnson W, O Brien S. Evolution of feline immunodeficiency virus in Felidae: implications for human health and wildlife ecology. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2008;123:32-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Large-scale screening of over 3000 samples from all species of Felidae indicates that at least some individuals from most species possess antibodies that cross react to FIV...
  9. Christiansen P. Evolution of skull and mandible shape in cats (Carnivora: Felidae). PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2807 pubmed publisher
    ..The current study emphasises combinations of new techniques for morphological shape analysis and biomechanical studies to formulate evolutionary hypotheses for difficult groups...
  10. Roques S, Adrados B, Chavez C, Keller C, Magnusson W, Palomares F, et al. Identification of neotropical felid faeces using RCP-PCR. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:171-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach proved reliable and provides high identification success rates from faeces. Its simplicity and cost effectiveness should facilitate its application for routine surveys of presence and abundance of these species...
  11. Christiansen P, Harris J. Body size of Smilodon (Mammalia: Felidae). J Morphol. 2005;266:369-84 pubmed
    ..Particularly large specimens of S. populator almost certainly exceeded 400 kg in body mass. The differences from previous estimates are most likely caused by differences in the databases used for mass estimation...
  12. Johnson W, Eizirik E, Pecon Slattery J, Murphy W, Antunes A, Teeling E, et al. The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment. Science. 2006;311:73-7 pubmed
    ..The phylogenetic performance of distinct gene classes showed that Y-chromosome segments are appreciably more informative than mitochondrial DNA, X-linked, or autosomal genes in resolving the rapid Felidae species radiation.
  13. Christiansen P. Sabertooth characters in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa Griffiths 1821). J Morphol. 2006;267:1186-98 pubmed
  14. Namgail T, Fox J, Bhatnagar Y. Carnivore-caused livestock mortality in Trans-Himalaya. Environ Manage. 2007;39:490-6 pubmed
    ..Conservation actions should initially attempt to target decrease of predation on these large and valuable livestock species...
  15. Davis B, Raudsepp T, Pearks Wilkerson A, Agarwala R, Schäffer A, Houck M, et al. A high-resolution cat radiation hybrid and integrated FISH mapping resource for phylogenomic studies across Felidae. Genomics. 2009;93:299-304 pubmed publisher
    ..The integrated map constitutes a comprehensive framework for identifying genes controlling feline phenotypes of interest, and to aid in assembly of a higher coverage feline genome sequence...
  16. Salesa M, Anton M, Turner A, Morales J. Functional anatomy of the forelimb in Promegantereon* ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae, Smilodontini) from the late miocene of spain and the origins of the sabre-toothed felid model. J Anat. 2010;216:381-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Although having very different body proportions, these later animals developed such extremely powerful forelimbs that they were probably able to capture relatively larger prey than extant pantherins...
  17. Meachen Samuels J, Van Valkenburgh B. Radiographs reveal exceptional forelimb strength in the sabertooth cat, Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11412 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies on forelimb bones of S. fatalis found them to be relatively robust but did not quantify their ability to withstand loading...
  18. Pecon Slattery J, Pearks Wilkerson A, Murphy W, O Brien S. Phylogenetic assessment of introns and SINEs within the Y chromosome using the cat family felidae as a species tree. Mol Biol Evol. 2004;21:2299-309 pubmed
    The cat family Felidae was used as a species tree to assess the phylogenetic performance of genes, and their embedded SINE elements, within the nonrecombining region of the Y chromosome (NRY)...
  19. Rector A, Lemey P, Tachezy R, Mostmans S, Ghim S, Van Doorslaer K, et al. Ancient papillomavirus-host co-speciation in Felidae. Genome Biol. 2007;8:R57 pubmed
  20. Carbone C, Maddox T, Funston P, Mills M, Grether G, Van Valkenburgh B. Parallels between playbacks and Pleistocene tar seeps suggest sociality in an extinct sabretooth cat, Smilodon. Biol Lett. 2009;5:81-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The predominance of Smilodon and other striking similarities between playbacks and the fossil record support the conclusion that Smilodon was social...
  21. Schenekar T, Winkler K, Troyer J, Weiss S. Isolation and characterization of the CYP2D6 gene in Felidae with comparison to other mammals. J Mol Evol. 2011;72:222-31 pubmed publisher
    ..CYP2D6 mRNA from 23 cats (Felidae) spanning seven species were compared to available CYPD6 sequences in ten additional mammals and multiple allelic ..
  22. Wallace S, Hulbert R. A new machairodont from the Palmetto Fauna (early Pliocene) of Florida, with comments on the origin of the Smilodontini (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56173 pubmed publisher
    ..The former is rarer, known only from the north-central and northwestern US, and presumably dispersed into the Old World. The latter is known from the eastern and southern US, and dispersed into South America...
  23. Munson L. Contraception in felids. Theriogenology. 2006;66:126-34 pubmed
  24. Zhang W, Zhang M. Complete mitochondrial genomes reveal phylogeny relationship and evolutionary history of the family Felidae. Genet Mol Res. 2013;12:3256-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we performed phylogenetic analyses of 14 species of Felidae based on complete mitochondrial genome sequences, with Canis familiaris as an outgroup, using neighbor joining, ..
  25. Rothschild B, Diedrich C. Pathologies in the extinct Pleistocene Eurasian steppe lion Panthera leo spelaea ()-Results of fights with hyenas, bears and lions and other ecological stresses. Int J Paleopathol. 2012;2:187-198 pubmed publisher
    ..The sex specificity of maxillary porosity (found only in lions among modern felidae) is also documented in its close genetic relation, P. l. spelaea...
  26. O Brien S, Johnson W. The evolution of cats. Genomic paw prints in the DNA of the world's wild cats have clarified the cat family tree and uncovered several remarkable migrations in their past. Sci Am. 2007;297:68-75 pubmed
  27. Wittayarat M, Thongphakdee A, Saikhun K, Chatdarong K, Otoi T, Techakumphu M. Cell cycle synchronization of skin fibroblast cells in four species of family Felidae. Reprod Domest Anim. 2013;48:305-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, these three methods did not successfully induce cell synchronization of the marbled cat. These findings may be valuable for preparing their donor cells for somatic cell nuclear transfer in the future. ..
  28. Bol S, Caspers J, Buckingham L, Anderson Shelton G, Ridgway C, Buffington C, et al. Responsiveness of cats (Felidae) to silver vine (Actinidia polygama), Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica), valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and catnip (Nepeta cataria). BMC Vet Res. 2017;13:70 pubmed publisher
    ..Silver vine powder from dried fruit galls and catnip were most popular among domestic cats. Silver vine and Tatarian honeysuckle appear to be good alternatives to catnip for domestic cats that do not respond to catnip. ..
  29. Apanaskevich D, Bermúdez S. Description of a new species of Ixodes Latreille, 1795 (Acari: Ixodidae) and redescription of I. lasallei Méndez & Ortiz, 1958, parasites of agoutis and pacas (Rodentia: Dasyproctidae, Cuniculidae) in Central and South America. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:463-475 pubmed publisher
    ..lasallei is redescribed and the true male of this species is described for the first time. Studied adults of I. lasallei were found on agoutis, pacas and ocelot (Carnivora: Felidae) in Colombia, Peru and Venezuela.
  30. Grisolia A, Moreno V, Campagnari F, Milazzotto M, Garcia J, Adania C, et al. Genetic diversity of microsatellite loci in Leopardus pardalis, Leopardus wiedii and Leopardus tigrinus. Genet Mol Res. 2007;6:382-9 pubmed
    ..wiedii. The margay (L. wiedii) showed the highest index of polymorphism among the three species in this study. These results imply that microsatellite DNA markers can help in the study of the genetic diversity of Leopardus specimens. ..
  31. Hamoudi H, Rudnick J, Prause J, Tauscher K, Breithaupt A, Teifke J, et al. Anterior segment dysgenesis (Peters' anomaly) in two snow leopard (Panthera uncia) cubs. Vet Ophthalmol. 2013;16 Suppl 1:130-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The histological findings in the eyes of these snow leopard siblings are identical with those described in humans with Peters' anomaly. ..
  32. Nowak K. Mangrove and peat swamp forests: refuge habitats for primates and felids. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2012;83:361-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research on the role of swamp forests in the ecology and persistence of threatened mammals is needed. ..
  33. Tulp M, Bohlin L. Rediscovery of known natural compounds: nuisance or goldmine?. Bioorg Med Chem. 2005;13:5274-82 pubmed
    ..Some (around 70) of them were identified. They represent important clues from nature offering an alternative approach to the classical screening of large numbers of compounds. ..
  34. Steinetz B, Lasano S, de Haas van Dorsser F, Glickman S, Bergfelt D, Santymire R, et al. Relaxin concentrations in serum and urine of endangered and crazy mixed-up species. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1160:179-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Given appropriate immunoassay reagents, relaxin determination in body fluids thus provides a powerful tool for conservationists and biologists investigating reproduction in a wide variety of endangered and exotic species. ..
  35. Mota P, Ehmcke J, Westernströer B, Gassei K, Ramalho Santos J, Schlatt S. Effects of different storage protocols on cat testis tissue potential for xenografting and recovery of spermatogenesis. Theriogenology. 2012;77:299-310 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, a strong correlation found between testis weight and xenograft outcome may help choose good candidates for xenografting. ..
  36. Zhang K, Wiktorowicz Conroy A, Hutchinson J, Doube M, Klosowski M, Shefelbine S, et al. 3D Morphometric and posture study of felid scapulae using statistical shape modelling. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34619 pubmed publisher
    We present a three dimensional (3D) morphometric modelling study of the scapulae of Felidae, with a focus on the correlations between forelimb postures and extracted scapular shape variations...
  37. Hartstone Rose A, Perry J, Morrow C. Bite force estimation and the fiber architecture of felid masticatory muscles. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2012;295:1336-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests an adaptive signal related to gape...
  38. McCain S, Allender M, Schumacher J, Ramsay E. The effects of a probiotic on blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations in large felids. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2011;42:426-9 pubmed
    ..35). This probiotic may be helpful in large felids with elevated creatinine concentrations because of chronic kidney disease; however, further studies are warranted. ..
  39. Takano T, Satomi Y, Oyama Y, Doki T, Hohdatsu T. Differential effect of cholesterol on type I and II feline coronavirus infection. Arch Virol. 2016;161:125-33 pubmed publisher
    Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a fatal disease of domestic and wild felidae that is caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV). FCoV has been classified into types I and II...
  40. Chi K, Louise Roth V. Scaling and mechanics of carnivoran footpads reveal the principles of footpad design. J R Soc Interface. 2010;7:1145-55 pubmed publisher
  41. Ferretti F, Lovari S. Predation may counteract climatic change as a driving force for movements of mountain ungulates. Behav Processes. 2016;129:101-104 pubmed publisher
    ..Apparently, interspecific interactions (predation; competition) influenced movements of Himalayan tahr and snow leopards more than climatic variations. ..
  42. Alberts C, Saranholi B, Frei F, Galetti P. Comparing hair-morphology and molecular methods to identify fecal samples from Neotropical felids. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184073 pubmed publisher
    ..It appears that both methods can be used, depending on the available laboratory facilities and on the expected results. ..
  43. Harrenstien L, Munson L, Chassy L, Liu I, Kirkpatrick J. Effects of porcine zona pellucida immunocontraceptives in zoo felids. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004;35:271-9 pubmed
    ..Contraceptive efficacy was not specifically evaluated in this study; however, two of the three felids housed with an intact male became pregnant during the study, one of which gave birth to healthy cubs. ..
  44. Ramsay E. Zoonoses of procyonids and nondomestic felids. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2011;14:551-6, vii-viii pubmed publisher
    ..Toxoplasma gondii can be potentially shed by infected felids, and human infections occurring during pregnancy can cause blindness in the fetus...
  45. Carvalho V, Osugui L, Setzer A, Lopez R, Pestana de Castro A, Irino K, et al. Characterization of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from captive wild felids with bacteremia. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012;24:1014-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Isolates from both animals were classified into the B2 phylogenetic group and expressed virulence genotypes that allowed them to cause severe disease. In addition, strains from the black leopard showed multidrug resistance. ..
  46. Perelman P, Beklemisheva V, Yudkin D, Petrina T, Rozhnov V, Nie W, et al. Comparative chromosome painting in Carnivora and Pholidota. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;137:174-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Future use of whole-genome sequencing data is discussed in the context of solving the questions that are beyond resolution of conventional banding techniques and chromosome painting...
  47. Kohn T, Noakes T. Lion (Panthera leo) and caracal (Caracal caracal) type IIx single muscle fibre force and power exceed that of trained humans. J Exp Biol. 2013;216:960-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Vmax values of the lion type IIx fibres were also higher than those of human type IIax fibres. The findings suggest that the same fibre type may differ substantially between species and potential explanations are discussed. ..
  48. Wilman E, Wilman E. Modeling outcomes of approaches to sustained human and snow leopard coexistence. Conserv Biol. 2016;30:50-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To preserve the snow leopard, these approaches must be applied more aggressively and new ones explored. ..
  49. Sakuma M, Nishio T, Nakanishi N, Izawa M, Asari Y, Okamura M, et al. A case of Iriomote cat (Prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensis) with Hepatozoon felis parasitemia. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:1381-4 pubmed
    ..felis in leopard cats in Korea. Although the virulence of H. felis in this cat was suggested to be low, this is the first report of an H. felis-infected Iriomote cat with parasitemia. ..
  50. Thongphakdee A, Tipkantha W, Punkong C, Chatdarong K. Monitoring and controlling ovarian activity in wild felids. Theriogenology. 2018;109:14-21 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the 36 species of the Felidae family have species- and individual-specific reproductive cycles and respond differently to exogenous hormones...
  51. Laue H, Smits T, Schumacher U, Claros M, Hartemink R, Cook A. Identification of Bilophila wadsworthia by specific PCR which targets the taurine:pyruvate aminotransferase gene. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;261:74-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, this PCR method could be a promising tool for rapid detection of B. wadsworthia in biological samples...
  52. McCain S, Ramsay E, Allender M, Souza C, Schumacher J. Pyometra in captive large felids: a review of eleven cases. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:147-51 pubmed
    ..Pyometra should be considered as a differential diagnosis in anorexic or lethargic intact female large felids, and ovariohysterectomy may be warranted in nonbreeding female lions. ..
  53. Slater G, Van Valkenburgh B. Allometry and performance: the evolution of skull form and function in felids. J Evol Biol. 2009;22:2278-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examine the impacts of allometric skull-shape variation on feeding capabilities in the cat family (Felidae) with linear morphometrics and finite element analysis...
  54. Cañón Franco W, López Orozco N, Christoff A, de Castilho C, de Araújo F, Verma S, et al. Molecular and morphologic characterization of Sarcocystis felis (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae) in South American wild felids from Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2016;217:15-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The phylogenetic relationship indicated that S. felis is quite different to species which employ opossums as their definitive host. This is the first report of S. felis infection in small wild felids from Brazil. ..
  55. Chamoli U, Wroe S. Allometry in the distribution of material properties and geometry of the felid skull: why larger species may need to change and how they may achieve it. J Theor Biol. 2011;283:217-26 pubmed publisher
    Extant members of the cat family (Felidae) have been considered behaviourally and morphologically conservative, i.e...
  56. Christiansen P, Harris J. Variation in craniomandibular morphology and sexual dimorphism in pantherines and the sabercat Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48352 pubmed publisher
    ..leo. Instead, S. fatalis could have been solitary and polygynous, as most extant felids, or it may have lived in unisexual groups, as is common in P. leo persica. ..
  57. Swanson W. Laparoscopic oviductal embryo transfer and artificial insemination in felids--challenges, strategies and successes. Reprod Domest Anim. 2012;47 Suppl 6:136-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The application of LO-ET and LO-AI to felids has resulted in substantial improvement in the efficiency of assisted reproduction for genetic management of these invaluable domestic cat and wild cat populations. ..
  58. Randau M, Goswami A. Morphological modularity in the vertebral column of Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). BMC Evol Biol. 2017;17:133 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we investigate the modular organisation of the presacral vertebral column of modern cats (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) with pairwise comparisons of vertebral shape covariation (i.e...
  59. Tai S, Niikura M, Cheng H, Kruger J, Wise A, Maes R. Complete genomic sequence and an infectious BAC clone of feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1). Virology. 2010;401:215-27 pubmed publisher
    Infection with feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) is a major cause of upper respiratory and ocular diseases in Felidae. We report the first complete genomic sequence of FHV-1, as well as the construction and characterization of a bacterial ..
  60. Gu Q, Zhang Z, Cano Ortiz L, Franco A, Haussinger D, Munk C. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Vif N-Terminal Residues Selectively Counteract Feline APOBEC3s. J Virol. 2016;90:10545-10557 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings provide important insights for future experiments describing the FIV Vif interaction with feline APOBEC3s and also indicate that the conserved feline APOBEC3s interaction sites of FIV Vif allow FIV transmissions in Felidae.
  61. Buddhirongawatr R, Tungsudjai S, Chaichoune K, Sangloung C, Tantawiwattananon N, Phonaknguen R, et al. Detection of Toxolasma gondii in captive wild felids. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006;37 Suppl 3:15-7 pubmed
    ..This study revealed that cell culture-derived tachyzoites can be used successfully as a source of live organisms in a gold standard Sabin-Feldman dye test, which is simpler, cheaper and less ethically sensitive than in vivo inoculation. ..
  62. Filoni C, Catão Dias J, Cattori V, Willi B, Meli M, Corrêa S, et al. Surveillance using serological and molecular methods for the detection of infectious agents in captive Brazilian neotropic and exotic felids. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012;24:166-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, FCoV seropositivity was more prevalent in captivity than in free-ranging populations. Results suggest that testing is appropriate prior to relocation of felids. ..
  63. Athreya V, Odden M, Linnell J, Krishnaswamy J, Karanth U. Big cats in our backyards: persistence of large carnivores in a human dominated landscape in India. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e57872 pubmed publisher
    ..It also highlights the need for a serious rethink of conservation policy, law and practice where the current management focus is restricted to wildlife inside Protected Areas. ..
  64. Gálvez López E, Casinos A. Scaling and mechanics of the felid calcaneus: geometric similarity without differential allometric scaling. J Anat. 2012;220:555-63 pubmed publisher
    Six mechanically significant skeletal variables were measured on the calcanei from 60 Felidae specimens (22 species) to determine whether these variables were scaled to body mass, and to assess whether differential scaling exists...
  65. Meachen J, O Keefe F, Sadleir R. Evolution in the sabre-tooth cat, Smilodon fatalis, in response to Pleistocene climate change. J Evol Biol. 2014;27:714-23 pubmed
    ..Contra to a temporal Bergmann's rule, such rapid warming events appear to be correlated with larger, derived, morphologies whereas static, cooler, climates correlate with gracile, ancestral morphologies. ..
  66. Lane E, Brettschneider H, CALDWELL P, Oosthuizen A, Dalton D, du Plessis L, et al. Feline panleukopaenia virus in captive non-domestic felids in South Africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2016;83:a1099 pubmed publisher
  67. Thiangtum K, Nimsuphun B, Pinyopanuwat N, Chimnoi W, Tunwattana W, Tongthainan D, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in captive felids in Thailand. Vet Parasitol. 2006;136:351-5 pubmed
    ..This study suggested a widespread exposure of captive felids to T. gondii in Thailand and this is the first report of serologic analysis for T. gondii in captive felids in Southeast Asia. ..
  68. Genaro G, Moraes W, Silva J, Adania C, Franci C. Plasma hormones in neotropical and domestic cats undergoing routine manipulations. Res Vet Sci. 2007;82:263-70 pubmed
    ..wiedi and domestic cats. While, in general, the results were fairly consistent, there were some statistically significant differences between species that were large enough to be of practical importance. ..
  69. Ruiz Garcia M, Pinedo Castro M, Shostell J. Small spotted bodies with multiple specific mitochondrial DNAs: existence of diverse and differentiated tigrina lineages or species (Leopardus spp: Felidae, Mammalia) throughout Latin America. Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2017;:1-22 pubmed publisher
  70. Thiangtum K, Swanson W, Howard J, Tunwattana W, Tongthainan D, Wichasilpa W, et al. Assessment of basic seminal characteristics, sperm cryopreservation and heterologous in vitro fertilisation in the fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus). Reprod Fertil Dev. 2006;18:373-82 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, good-quality ejaculates can be obtained from Thai fishing cats and their spermatozoa exhibit adequate function after cryopreservation for in vitro fertilisation procedures. ..
  71. Thongphakdee A, Siriaroonrat B, Manee In S, Klincumhom N, Kamolnorranath S, Chatdarong K, et al. Intergeneric somatic cell nucleus transfer in marbled cat and flat-headed cat. Theriogenology. 2010;73:120-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Improving the developmental competence and quality of FC-ig-NT embryos may be required for implantation and development to term of FC-ig-NT offspring. ..
  72. Scofield A, dos Santos R, Carvalho N, Martins A, Góes Cavalcante G. First record of notoedric mange in ocelot (Leopardus pardalis Linnaeus, 1758) in the Amazon region, Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2011;20:334-7 pubmed
    ..2 × 200.4 ?m and 137.6 × 104.9 ?m. Based on the morphologic characteristics and morphometric analysis, this mite was classified as Notoedres cati. This is the first report of notoedric mange in L. pardalis from Brazilian Amazon. ..
  73. Atkins C, Moresco A, Litster A. Prevalence of naturally occurring Dirofilaria immitis infection among nondomestic cats housed in an area in which heartworms are endemic. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;227:139-43 pubmed
    ..Results suggested that nondomestic cats housed outdoors in the southeastern United States are at risk for heartworm exposure and infection, with male cats having a greater risk of exposure than female cats. ..
  74. Bianchi R, Mendes S. Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) predation on primates in Caratinga Biological Station, Southeast Brazil. Am J Primatol. 2007;69:1173-8 pubmed
    ..Predation on primates was far higher at CBS than at other sites where comparable studies have been carried out...
  75. Stoops M, Bond J, Bateman H, Campbell M, Levens G, Bowsher T, et al. Comparison of different sperm cryopreservation procedures on post-thaw quality and heterologous in vitro fertilisation success in the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis). Reprod Fertil Dev. 2007;19:685-94 pubmed
  76. Guimaraes A, Brandao P, de Moraes W, Cubas Z, Santos L, Villarreal L, et al. Survey of feline leukemia virus and feline coronaviruses in captive neotropical wild felids from Southern Brazil. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:360-4 pubmed
    ..A male L. pardalis and a female L. tigrinus were positive for FeLV proviral DNA, and identities of PCR products were confirmed by sequencing. This is the first evidence of FeLV proviral DNA in these species in Southern Brazil...
  77. Adachi I, Kusuda S, Nagao E, Taira Y, Asano M, Tsubota T, et al. Fecal steroid metabolites and reproductive monitoring in a female Tsushima leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus). Theriogenology. 2010;74:1499-503 pubmed publisher
    ..An immunoassay for fecal estradiol-17? concentrations seemed useful to monitor follicular activity, whereas an immunoassay with high cross reactivity for 5?-reduced pregnanes was useful to monitor ovarian luteal activity and pregnancy. ..
  78. André M, Adania C, Allegretti S, Machado R. Hemoplasmas in wild canids and felids in Brazil. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2011;42:342-7 pubmed
    ..closely related to Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum. This is the first study regarding the molecular detection of hemotropic mycoplasmas in wild canids...
  79. Janecka J, Zhang Y, Li D, Munkhtsog B, Bayaraa M, Galsandorj N, et al. Range-Wide Snow Leopard Phylogeography Supports Three Subspecies. J Hered. 2017;108:597-607 pubmed publisher
    ..We provide a foundation for global conservation of snow leopard subspecies, and set the stage for in-depth landscape genetics and genomic studies...
  80. Deem S, Davis R, Pacheco L. Serologic evidence of nonfatal rabies exposure in a free-ranging oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus) in Cotapata National Park, Bolivia. J Wildl Dis. 2004;40:811-5 pubmed
    ..Based on a subsequent 18 mo of radiotracking, we concluded that the oncilla had a nonfatal exposure to rabies virus. ..
  81. Pukazhenthi B, Laroe D, Crosier A, Bush L, Spindler R, Pelican K, et al. Challenges in cryopreservation of clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) spermatozoa. Theriogenology. 2006;66:1790-6 pubmed
    ..There are so many sperm with unexplained deranged acrosomes that it will be particularly challenging to use traditional AI with thawed sperm as an adjunct management tool. ..
  82. Ciani F, Cocchia N, Rizzo M, Ponzio P, Tortora G, Avallone L, et al. Sex determining of cat embryo and some feline species. Zygote. 2008;16:169-77 pubmed publisher
    ..This technique, therefore, affords investigators a new approach that they can insert in the safeguard programmes of felida biodiversity. ..
  83. Hubbard C, Naples V, Ross E, Carlon B. Comparative analysis of paw pad structure in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and domestic cat (Felis catus). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009;292:1213-28 pubmed publisher
    ..In both species, the suspensory ligaments may serve to contract the pad to conform to the under lying substrate, thus enhancing the animal's ability to grip branches while climbing. ..
  84. Burnham D, Hinks A, Macdonald D. Life and dinner under the shared umbrella: patterns in felid and primate communities. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2012;83:148-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This prompts the hypothesis that threatened primates and felids are facing similar threats and might thus benefit from similar interventions, which is evaluated in a sister paper by Macdonald et al. in this special issue. ..
  85. Bosman A, Venter E, Penzhorn B. Occurrence of Babesia felis and Babesia leo in various wild felid species and domestic cats in Southern Africa, based on reverse line blot analysis. Vet Parasitol. 2007;144:33-8 pubmed
    ..A large number (52, 9%) of samples tested positive only for Babesia, neither B. felis nor B. leo. This could be an indication of at least one further, as yet undescribed, Babesia species in felids...
  86. Swanson W, Magarey G, Herrick J. Sperm cryopreservation in endangered felids: developing linkage of in situ-ex situ populations. Soc Reprod Fertil Suppl. 2007;65:417-32 pubmed
  87. Diogo R, Pastor F, De Paz F, Potau J, Bello Hellegouarch G, Ferrero E, et al. The head and neck muscles of the serval and tiger: homologies, evolution, and proposal of a mammalian and a veterinary muscle ontology. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2012;295:2157-78 pubmed publisher
    ..serval and the pantherine P. tigris. ..
  88. Rahal S, Fillipi M, Mamprim M, Oliveira H, Teixeira C, Teixeira R, et al. Meniscal mineralisation in little spotted cats. BMC Vet Res. 2013;9:50 pubmed publisher
    ..Using CT, meniscal mineralisation was best identified in the transverse plane images. Meniscal mineralisation appears to be a normal anatomic feature in little spotted cats. ..
  89. Piras P, Maiorino L, Teresi L, Meloro C, Lucci F, Kotsakis T, et al. Bite of the cats: relationships between functional integration and mechanical performance as revealed by mandible geometry. Syst Biol. 2013;62:878-900 pubmed publisher
    ..for which well-preserved mandibles are known, including representatives of 35 extant and 59 extinct species of Felidae, Nimravidae, and Barbourofelidae...
  90. Grassman L, Austin S, Tewes M, Silvy N. Comparative immobilization of wild felids in Thailand. J Wildl Dis. 2004;40:575-8 pubmed
  91. Christensen H, Bisgaard M, Angen O, Frederiksen W, Olsen J. Characterization of sucrose-negative Pasteurella multocida variants, including isolates from large-cat bite wounds. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:259-70 pubmed
    ..The evidence of phenotypic and genotypic divergence calls for the further development of PCR tests and DNA sequencing to document doubtful isolates. ..
  92. Miyazaki M, Yamashita T, Hosokawa M, Taira H, Suzuki A. Species-, sex-, and age-dependent urinary excretion of cauxin, a mammalian carboxylesterase. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;145:270-7 pubmed
    ..and dog, urinary cauxin was found only in member of the genus Felis and lynx (bobcat, and lynx) and not in other Felidae (genus: Panthera and puma) tested...