Summary: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.

Top Publications

  1. Laidlaw J, Gelfand Y, Ng K, Garner H, Ranganathan R, Benson G, et al. Elevated basal slippage mutation rates among the Canidae. J Hered. 2007;98:452-60 pubmed
    ..The correlation of enhanced slippage rates with major evolutionary radiations suggests that the possession of a "slippery" genome may bestow on some taxa greater potential for rapid evolutionary change...
  2. Bardeleben C, Moore R, Wayne R. A molecular phylogeny of the Canidae based on six nuclear loci. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2005;37:815-31 pubmed
    We have reconstructed the phylogenetic relationships of 23 species in the dog family, Canidae, using DNA sequence data from six nuclear loci...
  3. Wang Y, Ma G, Lu C, Wen H. Detection of canine coronaviruses genotype I and II in raised Canidae animals in China. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2006;119:35-9 pubmed
    ..Our study confirmed that type II CCVs infection is very common in domestic dog, fox, and raccoon dog populations in China. This is also the first report on the co-existence of two CCV genotypes in healthy foxes and raccoon dogs...
  4. Dobler G, Pfeffer M. Fleas as parasites of the family Canidae. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:139 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to their role as ectoparasites they cause nuisance for humans and animals and may be the cause for severe allergic reactions...
  5. Bardeleben C, Moore R, Wayne R. Isolation and molecular evolution of the selenocysteine tRNA (Cf TRSP) and RNase P RNA (Cf RPPH1) genes in the dog family, Canidae. Mol Biol Evol. 2005;22:347-59 pubmed
    ..evolution of these genes and their utility as phylogenetic markers for resolving relationships among species in Canidae. We compared the rate of evolution of the gene-flanking regions to other noncoding regions of nuclear DNA (..
  6. Somers M, Graf J, Szykman M, Slotow R, Gusset M. Dynamics of a small re-introduced population of wild dogs over 25 years: Allee effects and the implications of sociality for endangered species' recovery. Oecologia. 2008;158:239-47 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates how aspects of a species' social behaviour can influence the vulnerability of small populations to extinction and illustrates the profound implications of sociality for endangered species' recovery...
  7. Zhang H, Chen L. The complete mitochondrial genome of dhole Cuon alpinus: phylogenetic analysis and dating evolutionary divergence within Canidae. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:1651-60 pubmed publisher
    The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is the only existent species in the genus Cuon (Carnivora: Canidae). In the present study, the complete mitochondrial genome of the dhole was sequenced...
  8. Becker S, Thomas R, Trifonov V, Wayne R, Graphodatsky A, Breen M. Anchoring the dog to its relatives reveals new evolutionary breakpoints across 11 species of the Canidae and provides new clues for the role of B chromosomes. Chromosome Res. 2011;19:685-708 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that the EBRs associated with speciation in the Canidae are compatible with recent phylogenetic groupings and provide evidence that these breakpoints are also ..
  9. Marsden C, Woodroffe R, Mills M, McNutt J, Creel S, Groom R, et al. Spatial and temporal patterns of neutral and adaptive genetic variation in the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Mol Ecol. 2012;21:1379-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite this correlation, we detected signatures of selection at the MHC, implying that selection has not been completely overwhelmed by genetic drift...

More Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. Smith B, Litchfield C. Dingoes (Canis dingo) can use human social cues to locate hidden food. Anim Cogn. 2010;13:367-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Dingo performance appears to lie somewhere between wolves and dogs, which suggests that domestication may have played a role in their ability to comprehend human gestures. ..
  2. Soares J, Dall Agnol B, Costa F, Krawczak F, Comerlato A, Rossato B, et al. Natural infection of the wild canid, Cerdocyon thous, with the piroplasmid Rangelia vitalii in Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2014;202:156-63 pubmed publisher
    ..vitalii, suggesting that it might have a natural cycle involving the wild canid C. thous. Further studies are needed to confirm that C. thous is a natural reservoir of R. vitalii in Brazil...
  3. Komov V, Ivanova E, Gremyachikh V, Poddubnaya N. Mercury Content in Organs and Tissues of Indigenous (Vulpes vulpes L.) and Invasive (Nyctereutes procyonoides Gray.) Species of Canids from Areas Near Cherepovets (North-Western Industrial Region, Russia). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2016;97:480-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Maximum concentrations of mercury in predatory mammals of Canidae family from surroundings of Cherepovets have been determined in liver and kidneys (over 0...
  4. Murgia C, Pritchard J, Kim S, Fassati A, Weiss R. Clonal origin and evolution of a transmissible cancer. Cell. 2006;126:477-87 pubmed
    ..Our findings have implications for understanding genome instability in cancer, natural transplantation of allografts, and the capacity of a somatic cell to evolve into a transmissible parasite...
  5. Moresco A, Munson L, Gardner I. Naturally occurring and melengestrol acetate-associated reproductive tract lesions in zoo canids. Vet Pathol. 2009;46:1117-28 pubmed publisher
  6. Newell Fugate A, Lane E. Intrapartum uterine rupture with coincidental uterine adenomyosis in an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:791-5 pubmed
    ..This is the first reported case of dystocia-induced uterine rupture and of adenomyosis in a wild dog. ..
  7. Akerstedt J, Lillehaug A, Larsen I, Eide N, Arnemo J, Handeland K. Serosurvey for canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus, Leptospira interrogans, and Toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging canids in Scandinavia and Svalbard. J Wildl Dis. 2010;46:474-80 pubmed
    ..All three species are commonly exposed to T. gondii through predation on infected intermediate hosts...
  8. Monticelli P, Jones I, Viscasillas J. Ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block: cadaveric study in foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Vet Anaesth Analg. 2017;44:968-972 pubmed publisher
    To describe an ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block in canidae. Prospective, experimental, cadaveric study. Twelve thawed fox cadavers...
  9. Pienkowska Schelling A, Schelling C, Zawada M, Yang F, Bugno M, Ferguson Smith M. Cytogenetic studies and karyotype nomenclature of three wild canid species: maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) and fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2008;121:25-34 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we propose four basic different patterns of karyotype organization in the family Canidae. A comparison of these patterns with the most recent molecular phylogeny of Canidae revealed that the karyotype ..
  10. Furtado M, Kashivakura C, Ferro C, de Almeida J, Silveira L, Astete S. Immobilization of free-ranging maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) with tiletamine and zolazepam in central Brazil. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2006;37:68-70 pubmed
    ..54) recorded at 5, 15, and 25 min after induction at these dosages. The tiletamine hydrochloride-zolazepam hydrochloride combination was shown to be an effective and safe immobilizing agent for free-ranging maned wolves. ..
  11. Apanaskevich D. First description of the nymph and larva of Dermacentor compactus Neumann, 1901 (Acari: Ixodidae), parasites of squirrels (Rodentia: Sciuridae) in southeast Asia. Syst Parasitol. 2016;93:355-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Considerably fewer nymphs and larvae were found on murid rodents (Rodentia: Muridae), domestic dogs (Carnivora: Canidae), and a snake (Squamata: Colubridae).
  12. Del Rio Araiza V, Nava Castro K, Alba Hurtado F, Quintanar Stephano A, Muñoz Guzmán M, CUenca Micò O, et al. Endocrine immune interactions during chronic Toxocariasis caused by Toxocara canis in a murine model: New insights into the pathophysiology of an old infection. Vet Parasitol. 2018;252:173-179 pubmed publisher
    ..Their final host are members of the family Canidae and as paratenic hosts, most of the mammals are sensitive (man, rat, mouse, among others)...
  13. Pienkowska Schelling A, Zawada M, Schelling C. A canine X chromosome painting probe applied to four canid species: close relationship of a heterochromatic-like sequence between the dog and the blue fox. J Anim Breed Genet. 2005;122 Suppl 1:54-9 pubmed
  14. Loustalot F, Kremer E, Salinas S. The Intracellular Domain of the Coxsackievirus and Adenovirus Receptor Differentially Influences Adenovirus Entry. J Virol. 2015;89:9417-26 pubmed publisher
    ..role of a cell adhesion molecule (CAR) in the internalization of adenoviruses that naturally infect humans and Canidae. We show that the intracellular domain of CAR differentially regulates AdV entry and trafficking...
  15. Chochlakis D, Ioannou I, Sandalakis V, Dimitriou T, Kassinis N, Papadopoulos B, et al. Spotted fever group Rickettsiae in ticks in Cyprus. Microb Ecol. 2012;63:314-23 pubmed publisher
    ..These results confirm the presence of a spectrum of SFG Rickettsiae on the island. Further studies are necessary to gain better knowledge on the epidemiology of SFG Rickettsiae in Cyprus. ..
  16. Iurino D, Fico R, Petrucci M, Sardella R. A pathological Late Pleistocene canid from San Sidero (Italy): implications for social- and feeding-behaviour. Naturwissenschaften. 2013;100:235-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The analysis of the palaeopathology also provides information about the biomechanics of the bite, on the feeding behaviour and on the relationships of injured members in a pack of Late Pleistocene canids. ..
  17. Haydon D. Cross-disciplinary demands of multihost pathogens. J Anim Ecol. 2008;77:1079-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are used to infer the possible roles of different species in determining the observed spatio-temporal incidence of canine distemper virus in Serengeti lions during an outbreak in 1993-94. ..
  18. Endo A, Irisawa T, Futagawa Endo Y, Salminen S, Ohkuma M, Dicks L. Lactobacillus faecis sp. nov., isolated from animal faeces. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013;63:4502-7 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is AFL13-2(T) (?=?JCM 17300(T)?=?DSM 23956(T)). ..
  19. Valdespino C. Physiological constraints and latitudinal breeding season in the Canidae. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2007;80:580-91 pubmed
    ..Among mammals, Canidae lend themselves to the study of these two influences on reproductive physiology because all the species studied ..
  20. Ferrolho J, Simpson J, Hawes P, Zweygarth E, Bell Sakyi L. Growth of Ehrlichia canis, the causative agent of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, in vector and non-vector ixodid tick cell lines. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:631-7 pubmed publisher
    ..l. and is acknowledged as an important infectious disease of dogs and other members of the family Canidae worldwide. E...
  21. Newell Fugate A, Lane E. Periaortic haemangiosarcoma in an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2009;80:108-10 pubmed
    ..Other findings in the heart included mild to moderate ventricular hypertrophy and moderate, acute perivascular myocardial necrosis. Sudden death was attributed to acute heart failure precipitated by cardiac tamponade. ..
  22. André M, Adania C, Teixeira R, Allegretti S, Machado R. Molecular and serological detection of Babesia spp. in neotropical and exotic carnivores in Brazilian zoos. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2011;42:139-43 pubmed
    ..Babesia sp. DNA, with high similarity to B. leo, was detected in one pampas cat and one genet. ..
  23. Aksöyek E, İbiş O, Ozcan S, Moradi M, Tez C. DNA barcoding of three species (Canis aureus, Canis lupus and Vulpes vulpes) of Canidae. Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2017;28:747-755 pubmed publisher
    ..Three species (Canis aureus, Canis lupus and Vulpes vulpes) from the family Canidae were selected for DNA barcoding using samples collected from Iran and Turkey...
  24. Bryce C, Williams T. Comparative locomotor costs of domestic dogs reveal energetic economy of wolf-like breeds. J Exp Biol. 2017;220:312-321 pubmed publisher
    The broad diversity in morphology and geographic distribution of the 35 free-ranging members of the family Canidae is only rivaled by that of the domesticated dog, Canis lupus familiaris...
  25. Poinar H, Fiedel S, King C, Devault A, Bos K, Kuch M, et al. Comment on "DNA from pre-Clovis human coprolites in Oregon, North America". Science. 2009;325:148; author reply 148 pubmed publisher
    ..We question the authenticity of their DNA results and argue that in the absence of intact stratigraphy and diagnostic artifacts, and in view of carbon isotope anomalies, the radiocarbon dates of the oldest specimens are unreliable. ..
  26. Drake A. Dispelling dog dogma: an investigation of heterochrony in dogs using 3D geometric morphometric analysis of skull shape. Evol Dev. 2011;13:204-13 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the genetic alterations to dog cranial development that have produced this vast range of phylogenetically novel skull shapes do not coincide with the expectations of the heterochronic model. Dogs are not paedomorphic wolves. ..
  27. Silva D, Vitaliano S, Mineo T, Ferreira R, Bevilacqua E, Mineo J. Evaluation of homologous, heterologous, and affinity conjugates for the serodiagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus). J Parasitol. 2005;91:1212-6 pubmed
    ..gondii in wild canids, whereas for N. caninum infection, only the homologous or heterologous fluorescent conjugates have been shown to be useful. ..
  28. Sato S, Kabeya H, Miura T, Suzuki K, Bai Y, Kosoy M, et al. Isolation and phylogenetic analysis of Bartonella species from wild carnivores of the suborder Caniformia in Japan. Vet Microbiol. 2012;161:130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report on isolation of Bartonella from badger and marten. ..
  29. Gohli J, Voje K. An interspecific assessment of Bergmann's rule in 22 mammalian families. BMC Evol Biol. 2016;16:222 pubmed
    ..was weak support for Bergmann's rule in one family: A decrease in temperature predicted increased body mass in Canidae (canids)...
  30. Bitencourt V, de Paula T, da Matta S, Fonseca C, dos Anjos Benjamin L, Costa D. The seminiferous epithelium cycle and daily spermatic production in the adult maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus, Illiger, 1811). Micron. 2007;38:584-9 pubmed
    ..5, 0.78 and 4.8 days, respectively. The maned wolf produces about 29 million spermatozoa a day for each testis gram, therefore being classified among the species provided with a high spermatogenetic efficiency. ..
  31. Alberts C, Ribeiro Paes J, Aranda Selverio G, Cursino Santos J, Moreno Cotulio V, Oliveira A, et al. DNA extraction from hair shafts of wild Brazilian felids and canids. Genet Mol Res. 2010;9:2429-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Our extraction protocol is based on a feather DNA extraction technique, based in the phenol:chloroform:isoamyl alcohol general method, with proteinase K as digestive enzyme. ..
  32. Gusset M, Müller M, Grimm V. Establishment probability in newly founded populations. BMC Res Notes. 2012;5:313 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast to other methods, our approach disaggregates the components of a population's viability by distinguishing establishment from persistence. ..
  33. Thomassen R, Farstad W. Artificial insemination in canids: a useful tool in breeding and conservation. Theriogenology. 2009;71:190-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Species differences in female physiology, as well as differences in the cryotolerance of the sperm from various canid species, warrant further research and development. ..
  34. Feng N, Liu Y, Wang J, Xu W, Li T, Wang T, et al. Canine distemper virus isolated from a monkey efficiently replicates on Vero cells expressing non-human primate SLAM receptors but not human SLAM receptor. BMC Vet Res. 2016;12:160 pubmed publisher
    ..Monkey-BJ01-DV was highly related to other CDV strains obtained during recent CDV epidemics among species of the Canidae family in China, and these Monkey strains CDV (Monkey-BJ01-DV, CYN07-dV, Monkey-KM-01) possessed a number of ..
  35. Lindsey P, Havemann C, Lines R, Palazy L, Price A, Retief T, et al. Determinants of persistence and tolerance of carnivores on Namibian ranches: implications for conservation on Southern African private lands. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e52458 pubmed publisher
  36. Appleby R, Smith B, Jones D. Observations of a free-ranging adult female dingo (Canis dingo) and littermates' responses to the death of a pup. Behav Processes. 2013;96:42-6 pubmed publisher
  37. Williams B, Berentsen A, Shock B, Teixiera M, Dunbar M, Becker M, et al. Prevalence and diversity of Babesia, Hepatozoon, Ehrlichia, and Bartonella in wild and domestic carnivores from Zambia, Africa. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:911-8 pubmed publisher
  38. Viana M, Wattam A, Govil Batra D, Boisvert S, Brettin T, Frace M, et al. Genome Sequences of Three Brucella canis Strains Isolated from Humans and a Dog. Genome Announc. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    i>Brucella canis is a facultative intracellular pathogen that preferentially infects members of the Canidae family...
  39. Finarelli J. Mechanisms behind active trends in body size evolution of the Canidae (Carnivora: Mammalia). Am Nat. 2007;170:876-85 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, origination and extinction events were compiled for the three subfamilies of the Canidae (dogs): Hesperocyoninae, Borophaginae, and Caninae...
  40. Alvarado Rybak M, Solano Gallego L, Millan J. A review of piroplasmid infections in wild carnivores worldwide: importance for domestic animal health and wildlife conservation. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:538 pubmed
    ..of Theileria, two of Cytauxzoon and one of Rangelia infecting captive and wild carnivores, including members of Canidae, Felidae, Mustelidae, Procyonidae, Ursidae, Viverridae, Hyaenidae and Herpestidae in the Americas, Eurasia and ..
  41. Meachen Samuels J, Van Valkenburgh B. Forelimb indicators of prey-size preference in the Felidae. J Morphol. 2009;270:729-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This morphometric technique worked well to separate prey-size preference in felids, but did not work as well to separate locomotor groups, as scansorial and terrestrial felids were not clearly distinguished...
  42. Curi N, Miranda I, Talamoni S. Serologic evidence of Leishmania infection in free-ranging wild and domestic canids around a Brazilian National Park. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2006;101:99-101 pubmed
    ..brachyurus). Management of the domestic dog population with evaluation of incidence changes in humans and wildlife, and enlightenment on the role of wild reservoirs are essential issues for future action and research. ..
  43. Jankowski G, Adkesson M, Langan J, Haskins S, Landolfi J. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia and pyometra in three captive African hunting dogs (Lycaon pictus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:95-100 pubmed
  44. McAloose D, Raske M, Moore R, Rodriguez C. Multilobular tumor of bone in an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:950-2 pubmed
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of an osseous tumor in an African wild dog and the first report of a multilobular tumor of bone in a nondomestic canid. ..
  45. Tolnai Z, Széll Z, Sproch A, Szeredi L, Sréter T. Dirofilaria immitis: an emerging parasite in dogs, red foxes and golden jackals in Hungary. Vet Parasitol. 2014;203:339-42 pubmed publisher
    ..7-7.4% vs. 0.4-12.7% and 1.5 vs. 2.9-4.4 worms/animal). These findings are in line with the results of the recently developed climate based forecast model to predict the establishment of D. immitis in Hungary. ..
  46. Artelle K, Dumoulin L, Reimchen T. Behavioural responses of dogs to asymmetrical tail wagging of a robotic dog replica. Laterality. 2011;16:129-35 pubmed publisher
    ..While the results indicate that laterality of a wagging tail provides behavioural information to conspecifics, the responses are not readily integrated into the predicted behaviour based on hemispheric dominance. ..
  47. Lion M, Eizirik E, Garda A, Fontoura Rodrigues M, Rodrigues F, Marinho Filho J. Conservation genetics of maned wolves in a highly impacted area of the Brazilian Cerrado biome. Genetica. 2011;139:369-81 pubmed publisher
  48. Kaelber J, Demogines A, Harbison C, Allison A, Goodman L, Ortega A, et al. Evolutionary reconstructions of the transferrin receptor of Caniforms supports canine parvovirus being a re-emerged and not a novel pathogen in dogs. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002666 pubmed publisher
    ..This alters our understanding of this well-known example of viral emergence by indicating that canine parvovirus emergence likely resulted from the re-adaptation of a parvovirus to the resistant receptor of a former host. ..
  49. Hollemeyer K, Altmeyer W, Heinzle E, Pitra C. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with multidimensional scaling, binary hierarchical cluster tree and selected diagnostic masses improves species identification of Neolithic keratin sequences from f. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2012;26:1735-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This is widening the spectrum of processed fur-bearing species to at least one member of the Canidae family...
  50. Spercoski K, Morais R, Morato R, de Paula R, Azevedo F, May Júnior J, et al. Adrenal activity in maned wolves is higher on farmlands and park boundaries than within protected areas. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;179:232-40 pubmed publisher
  51. Robardet E, Ilieva D, Iliev E, Gagnev E, Picard Meyer E, Cliquet F. Epidemiology and molecular diversity of rabies viruses in Bulgaria. Epidemiol Infect. 2014;142:871-7 pubmed publisher
  52. Zhao C, Zhang H, Liu G, Yang X, Zhang J. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) and implications for the phylogeny of Canidae. C R Biol. 2016;339:68-77 pubmed publisher
    b>Canidae is a family of carnivores comprises about 36 extant species that have been defined as three distinct monophyletic groups based on multi-gene data sets...
  53. Hailer F, Leonard J. Hybridization among three native North American Canis species in a region of natural sympatry. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3333 pubmed publisher
    ..No evidence of hybridization was identified in the Mexican wolf captive breeding program, but introgression appears to have had a greater impact on the captive red wolves. ..
  54. Lima V, Fattori K, Michelin A, Nogueira F, Souza L. Evidence of Leishmania spp. antibodies and DNA in bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) in Brazil. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:91-4 pubmed
    ..These findings confirm a Leishmania infection in bush dogs (S. venaticus). ..
  55. Van den Berghe F, Paris D, Van Soom A, Rijsselaere T, Van der Weyde L, Bertschinger H, et al. Reproduction in the endangered African wild dog: basic physiology, reproductive suppression and possible benefits of artificial insemination. Anim Reprod Sci. 2012;133:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Reproductive information can also be applied to the development of Assisted Reproductive Techniques for this species; the utility of which in African wild dog conservation is also discussed. ..
  56. Fugassa M, Gonzalez Olivera E, Petrigh R. First palaeoparasitological record of a dioctophymatid egg in an archaeological sample from Patagonia. Acta Trop. 2013;128:175-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The results obtained in this work show the importance of revising earlier palaeoparasitological results. ..
  57. Cassali G, Bertagnolli A, Ferreira E, Malta M. A simple ductal mammary papilloma in a male maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2009;21:153-5 pubmed
    ..The clinical and histologic observations in the present case indicate that male maned wolves may develop mammary tumors that are similar to those observed in domestic dogs and humans. ..
  58. Chi K, Louise Roth V. Scaling and mechanics of carnivoran footpads reveal the principles of footpad design. J R Soc Interface. 2010;7:1145-55 pubmed publisher
  59. Perelman P, Beklemisheva V, Yudkin D, Petrina T, Rozhnov V, Nie W, et al. Comparative chromosome painting in Carnivora and Pholidota. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;137:174-93 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there are at least 3 families in which the ancestral carnivore karyotype has been severely rearranged - Canidae, Ursidae and Mephitidae...
  60. Tiepolo L, Quadros J, Pitman M. A review of bush dog Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842) (Carnivora, Canidae) occurrences in Paraná state, subtropical Brazil. Braz J Biol. 2016;76:444-9 pubmed publisher
  61. Mackey W, Immerman R. The father(to)child affiliative bond: convergent evolution with the canid analogue. Soc Biol. 2003;50:42-57 pubmed
    ..Consequently, it would be predicted that, compared to other terrestrial primates, the neuro-hormonal basis for the mother-child affiliative bond would be similar, but the basis for man(to)child affiliative bond would be dissimilar. ..
  62. Fendt M. Exposure to urine of canids and felids, but not of herbivores, induces defensive behavior in laboratory rats. J Chem Ecol. 2006;32:2617-27 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the study provides support for the hypothesis that there is an innate recognition of predator odors in laboratory rats...
  63. Portas T, Montali R. Spotted black snake (Pseudechis guttatus) envenomation in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007;38:483-7 pubmed
    ..Microscopic examination of formalin-fixed tissues demonstrated pulmonary and abdominal visceral hemorrhage, acute nephrosis with casts, multifocal hepatic necrosis, and splenic congestion. ..
  64. Alexander K, McNutt J, Briggs M, Standers P, Funston P, Hemson G, et al. Multi-host pathogens and carnivore management in southern Africa. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;33:249-65 pubmed publisher
  65. Vynne C, Kinsella J. First record of entodiniomorph ciliates in a carnivore, the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), from Brazil. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:382-4 pubmed
    ..Louis Zoo also had the same species of ciliate. The largely frugivorous diet of the maned wolf likely explains the occurrence of these normally herbivore-associated endosymbiotes in a carnivore. ..
  66. Igado O. Gross morphometric study of the eyeball and tongue of the Nigerian local dog. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2011;116:104-10 pubmed
    ..The data obtained from this study may find application in feeding physiology, ophthalmic clinical manipulations and comparative anatomy. ..
  67. Miklosi A, Topal J. Is there a simple recipe for how to make friends?. Trends Cogn Sci. 2005;9:463-4; author reply 464-5 pubmed
  68. Johnston S, Ward D, Lemon J, Gunn I, MacCallum C, Keeley T, et al. Studies of male reproduction in captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Anim Reprod Sci. 2007;100:338-55 pubmed
    ..8+/-5.8%; rate: 2.8+/-0.3; % intact plasma membranes: 33.4+/-5.3% and the % of damaged acrosomes: 4.4+/-1.5%) but following 2 h incubation at 37 degrees C, post-thaw survival declined markedly. ..
  69. Brandes I, Zuperku E, Dean C, Hopp F, Jakovcevic D, Stuth E. Retrograde labeling reveals extensive distribution of genioglossal motoneurons possessing 5-HT2A receptors throughout the hypoglossal nucleus of adult dogs. Brain Res. 2007;1132:110-9 pubmed
  70. Siniscalchi M, Franchini D, Pepe A, Sasso R, Dimatteo S, Vallortigara G, et al. Volumetric assessment of cerebral asymmetries in dogs. Laterality. 2011;16:528-36 pubmed publisher
    ..This right-biased hemispheric asymmetry supports data reported previously using post-mortem morphological studies in both dogs and other mammalian species. ..
  71. Bugno Poniewierska M, Sojecka A, Pawlina K, Jakubczak A, Jezewska Witkowska G. Comparative cytogenetic analysis of sex chromosomes in several Canidae species using zoo-FISH. Folia Biol (Krakow). 2012;60:11-6 pubmed
    ..The aim of the study was to determine whether sex chromosomes of some members of the Canidae family (the domestic dog, the red fox, the arctic fox, an interspecific hybrid: arctic fox x red fox and the ..
  72. Lord K, Feinstein M, Smith B, Coppinger R. Variation in reproductive traits of members of the genus Canis with special attention to the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Behav Processes. 2013;92:131-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The consequences of greater fecundity and reduced parental care are compared to the reproductive behavior of other species of the genus...
  73. Sábato M, de Melo L, Magni E, Young R, Coelho C. A note on the effect of the full moon on the activity of wild maned wolves, Chrysocyon brachyurus. Behav Processes. 2006;73:228-30 pubmed
    ..88 km less than on a new moon. These data suggest that maned wolves respond to temporally reduced prey availability by reducing their distance travelled. ..
  74. Jefferies R, Shaw S, Viney M, Morgan E. Angiostrongylus vasorum from South America and Europe represent distinct lineages. Parasitology. 2009;136:107-15 pubmed publisher
    Angiostrongylus vasorum is a nematode parasite of sylvan and domestic species of the family Canidae. It has a broad but patchy distribution worldwide, and there is evidence for geographical spread and increasing incidence of infection in ..
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    ..Our findings suggest that RV risks to people and wild carnivores might be controlled by domestic dog vaccination, but that CDV control, if required, would need to target the species of concern. ..
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    ..4% identical). These data are consistent with recent work identifying prey-predator transmission cycles in Hepatozoon spp. and suggest this pattern may be more common than previously recognized. ..
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    ..Complicated cysts (intrabiliary rupture and secondary infection) may require ERCP to obtain biliary clearance before surgery, and referral to a specialist centre may be indicated...
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    ..This report calls attention to the parasitological and etiological control of certain zoonoses, such as leishmaniasis, in wild animals kept in captivity, especially when animals are exchanged between zoos in Brazil...
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    ..However, this finding could be confounded by age, as these females were either young or aged...
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    ..Hence, despite circulating in the same geographic region, these two variants of RABV exhibit striking differences in evolutionary dynamics which are likely to reflect differences in their underlying ecology...
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    ..The cause of death was determined to be acute bleeding following the rupture of an aneurysm in the caudal thoracic aorta as a result of the parasite located there. This is the first report of S. lupi in a bush dog...
  83. Pawar R, Poornachandar A, Srinivas P, Rao K, Lakshmikantan U, Shivaji S. Molecular characterization of Hepatozoon spp. infection in endangered Indian wild felids and canids. Vet Parasitol. 2012;186:475-9 pubmed publisher
    ..canis in Indian wild dog. Hepatozoon spp. may be a potential pathogen and an opportunistic parasite in immuno-compromised animals and could thus represent a threat to endangered Indian wild felids and canids...
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    ..We argue that heavy metal pollution should be considered as dangerous threats to wildlife health in Brazil and recommend hair sampling as a biomonitoring tool for heavy metals in Neotropical terrestrial mammals...
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    ..Tick control also should be implemented to prevent and decrease transmission of the disease to this endangered species...
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    ..Lowering developmental stability over time may have direct fitness consequences and as such represents an unacknowledged threat to future resilience of the population. ..
  87. Ishizuka M, Lee J, Masuda M, Akahori F, Kazusaka A, Fujita S. CYP2D-related metabolism in animals of the Canoidea superfamily - species differences. Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:505-12 pubmed
    ..We could not detect bunitrolol 4-hydroxylation in mink liver microsomes at the low substrate concentration used. We conclude that mink have the lowest activity of CYP2D-related xenobiotic metabolism among the Canoidea superfamily...
  88. Fonseca Salamanca F, Nogal Ruiz J, Benito C, Camachot M, Martinez Fernandez A. Molecular characterization of Trichinella genotypes by inter-simple sequence repeat polymerase chain reaction (ISSR-PCR). J Parasitol. 2006;92:606-10 pubmed
    ..According to these data, we have demonstrated that ISSR-PCR is a robust technique that emerges as a useful new application for the molecular identification of Trichinella isolates in epidemiological studies...
  89. Fugassa M, Denegri G, Sardella N, Araujo A, Guichón R, Martinez P, et al. Paleoparasitological records in a canid coprolite from Patagonia, Argentina. J Parasitol. 2006;92:1110-3 pubmed
    ..Eggs of nematodes identified as Trichuris sp., Capillaria sp., Uncinaria sp., and an ascaridid (probably Toxascaris sp.) or spirurids (presumably Physaloptera sp.), plus a cestode (Anoplocephalidae), presumably Moniezia sp., were found...
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    ..We believe the way we used scat-detection dogs to determine the presence of species can be applied to the detection of other mammalian species in other ecosystems...
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    The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus, Illiger, 1815, Canidae) is a threatened species that inhabits the cerrados of Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay...