muntjacs

Summary

Summary: A genus, Muntiacus, of the deer family (Cervidae) comprising six species living in China, Tibet, Nepal, India, the Malay Peninsula, and neighboring island countries. They are usually found in forests and areas of dense vegetation, usually not far from water. They emit a deep barklike sound which gives them the name "barking deer." If they sense a predator they will "bark" for an hour or more. They are hunted for their meat and skins; they thrive in captivity and are found in many zoos. The Indian muntjac is believed to have the lowest chromosome number in mammals and cell lines derived from them figure widely in chromosome and DNA studies. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed., p1366)

Top Publications

  1. Chi J, Huang L, Nie W, Wang J, Su B, Yang F. Defining the orientation of the tandem fusions that occurred during the evolution of Indian muntjac chromosomes by BAC mapping. Chromosoma. 2005;114:167-72 pubmed
    ..Our mapping results demonstrate that all tandem fusions that occurred during the evolution of Indian muntjac karyotype from the acrocentric 2n=70 hypothetical ancestral karyotype are centromere-telomere (head-tail) fusions...
  2. Hartmann N, Scherthan H. Characterization of ancestral chromosome fusion points in the Indian muntjac deer. Chromosoma. 2004;112:213-20 pubmed
    ..Adjacent telomere and muntjac satellite sequences were also seen by fiber FISH. These data lend support to the involvement of telomere and GC-rich satellite DNA sequences during muntjac chromosome fusions...
  3. Li Y, Lee C, Chang W, Li S, Lin C. Isolation and identification of a novel satellite DNA family highly conserved in several Cervidae species. Chromosoma. 2002;111:176-83 pubmed
    ..Due to its high sequence conservation and close association with kinetochores, the newly identified satellite DNA may have a functional centromeric role...
  4. Chi J, Fu B, Nie W, Wang J, Graphodatsky A, Yang F. New insights into the karyotypic relationships of Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi), forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) and gayal (Bos frontalis). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;108:310-6 pubmed
    ..Our results substantiate that chromosomes 1-5 and 11 of Chinese muntjac originated through exclusive centromere-to-telomere fusions of ancestral acrocentric chromosomes...
  5. Huang L, Chi J, Wang J, Nie W, Su W, Yang F. High-density comparative BAC mapping in the black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons): molecular cytogenetic dissection of the origin of MCR 1p+4 in the X1X2Y1Y2Y3 sex chromosome system. Genomics. 2006;87:608-15 pubmed
    ..Male black muntjacs have an astonishing X1X2Y1Y2Y3 sex chromosome system, unparalleled in eutherian mammals, involving approximately ..
  6. Lin C, Chiang P, Hsieh L, Liao S, Chao M, Li Y. Cloning, characterization and physical mapping of three cervid satellite DNA families in the genome of the Formosan muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi micrurus). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2004;105:100-6 pubmed
    ..reevesi, closely related to the Chinese muntjac. With the kinetochore satellite II DNA co-localizing with the telomeric sequences, the Formosan muntjac chromosomes could be truly telocentric...
  7. Murmann A, Mincheva A, Scheuermann M, Gautier M, Yang F, Buitkamp J, et al. Comparative gene mapping in cattle, Indian muntjac, and Chinese muntjac by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Genetica. 2008;134:345-51 pubmed publisher
  8. Zhou Q, Huang L, Zhang J, Zhao X, Zhang Q, Song F, et al. Comparative genomic analysis links karyotypic evolution with genomic evolution in the Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak vaginalis). Chromosoma. 2006;115:427-36 pubmed
    The karyotype of Indian muntjacs (Muntiacus muntjak vaginalis) has been greatly shaped by chromosomal fusion, which leads to its lowest diploid number among the extant known mammals...
  9. Huang L, Wang J, Nie W, Su W, Yang F. Tandem chromosome fusions in karyotypic evolution of Muntiacus: evidence from M. feae and M. gongshanensis. Chromosome Res. 2006;14:637-47 pubmed
    The muntjacs (Muntiacus, Cervidae) are famous for their rapid and radical karyotypic diversification via repeated tandem chromosome fusions, constituting a paradigm for the studies of karyotypic evolution...

More Information

Publications82

  1. Miao Q, Hayenga J, Meyer M, Neumann T, Nelson A, Seibel E. Resolution improvement in optical projection tomography by the focal scanning method. Opt Lett. 2010;35:3363-5 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; Images reconstructed from these pseudoprojections have isometric resolution, which can be the same as the lateral resolution of the high-NA objective. The focal scanning method produces an over 10× improvement in OPT resolution. ..
  2. Adnyane I, Zuki A, Noordin M, Agungpriyono S. Morphological study of the lingual papillae in the barking deer, Muntiacus muntjak. Anat Histol Embryol. 2011;40:73-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The distribution and types of lingual papillae found in the barking deer are similar to those in the other species that belong to the family Cervidae. ..
  3. Liang W, Yu J, Li J, Wu H, Wu X. Development of a species-specific AFLP-based SCAR marker for authentication of black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons). Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:162-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicated that the SCAR primers developed in this study may provide a useful tool for forensic authentication of black muntjac samples though further testing with larger sample sizes is warranted. ..
  4. Odden M, Wegge P. Predicting spacing behavior and mating systems of solitary cervids: a study of hog deer and Indian muntjac. Zoology (Jena). 2007;110:261-70 pubmed
    ..The smaller, forest-dwelling and sexually size-monomorphic muntjacs inhabit a more uniform and stable habitat...
  5. Yi G, Zhang X, Shan X. [12S rRNA, cytochrome b and MDR1 gene DNA sequence and phylogenetic evolution of Muntiacus (M. muntjak, M. reevesi, M. crinifros)]. Yi Chuan Xue Bao. 2002;29:674-80 pubmed
    ..muntjak and M. reevesi is 2.2 million year; The conclusion is that the M. crinifrons and M. reevesi were diverged from an ancestor analogied with M. muntjak, M. nuntjak is the oldest species, M. crinifrons and M. reevesi are newer ones. ..
  6. Martins R, Fickel J, Le M, Van Nguyen T, Nguyen H, Timmins R, et al. Phylogeography of red muntjacs reveals three distinct mitochondrial lineages. BMC Evol Biol. 2017;17:34 pubmed publisher
    ..Red muntjacs have the largest distribution of all muntjacs and were formerly considered as one species...
  7. Wu H, Tong C, Li E, Luo T. Insight into gene evolution within Cervidae and Bovidae through genetic variation in MHC-DQA in the black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons). Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:2888-98 pubmed
    ..These results lead us to suggest that these DQA alleles are derived from primordial DQA genes from a common ancestor and are maintained in Cervidae and Bovidae since their divergence around 25.5-27.8 million years ago. ..
  8. Murmann A, Gao J, Encinosa M, Gautier M, Peter M, Eils R, et al. Local gene density predicts the spatial position of genetic loci in the interphase nucleus. Exp Cell Res. 2005;311:14-26 pubmed
    ..Thus, alterations in gene density directly at translocation junctions could explain the change in the position of affected genes in leukemia cells. ..
  9. Hu J, Fang S, Wan Q. Genetic diversity of Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis inermis): implications for conservation. Biochem Genet. 2006;44:161-72 pubmed
    ..088, P < 0.001; Phi( ST ) = 0.075, P = 0.043), which suggests that exchanges of individuals between Zhoushan and the mainland should be avoided. We also recommend that a breeding center be set up for the mainland population. ..
  10. Volodin I, Volodina E, Frey R, Gogoleva S, Palko I, Rozhnov V. Acoustic structure of alarm calls in Indian sambar (Rusa unicolor) and Indian muntjac (Muntiacus vaginalis) in South Vietnam. Dokl Biol Sci. 2017;474:110-113 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Muntjacs flee off in danger and produced a series of dull barks interrupted with short intervals from a distance...
  11. Polianskaia G, Goriachaia T, Pinaev G. [Effect of laminin on karyotypic variability in cell line of Indian muntjac skin fibroblasts]. Tsitologiia. 2002;44:491-8 pubmed
    ..The observed alterations seem to be due to both disturbances of mitotic apparatus and selection of SVK, which are more advantageous to changed culture conditions of the cell population. ..
  12. Polianskaia G, Samokish V. [The study of quantitative karyotypic variability by induction of chromosomal instability in cultured cells of the Indian muntjac skin fibroblasts]. Tsitologiia. 1999;41:752-7 pubmed
  13. Huang L, Jing M, Nie W, Robinson T, Yang F. Chromosome homologies between tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus) and Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) facilitate tracing the evolutionary history of Damaliscus (Bovidae, Antilopinae, Alcelaphini). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2011;132:264-70 pubmed publisher
  14. Cavnar P, Olenych S, Keller T. Molecular identification and localization of cellular titin, a novel titin isoform in the fibroblast stress fiber. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2007;64:418-33 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that differential expression of titin gene exons in nonmuscle cells yields multiple novel isoforms of the protein c-titin that are associated with the actin stress fiber structures. ..
  15. Bazett Jones D, Hendzel M, Kruhlak M. Stoichiometric analysis of protein- and nucleic acid-based structures in the cell nucleus. Micron. 1999;30:151-7 pubmed
  16. Huang L, Chi J, Nie W, Wang J, Yang F. Phylogenomics of several deer species revealed by comparative chromosome painting with Chinese muntjac paints. Genetica. 2006;127:25-33 pubmed
    ..Combining previous cytogenetic and molecular systematic studies, we analyzed the genome phylogeny for 11 cervid species. ..
  17. Adnyane I, Zuki A, Noordin M, Agungpriyono S. Histological study of the parotid and mandibular glands of barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) with special reference to the distribution of carbohydrate content. Anat Histol Embryol. 2010;39:516-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, carbohydrates in the saliva of the barking deer appear to be produced mainly by the mucous cells of the mandibular glands. ..
  18. Vig B. Recognition of mammalian centromeres by anti-dynein and anti-dynactin components. Mutagenesis. 1998;13:391-6 pubmed
    ..This observation is contrary to the belief that the dynein motor proteins do not persist on centromeres at metaphase. ..
  19. Li G, ZHANG M, Swa K, Maung K, Quan R. Complete mitochondrial genome of the leaf muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis) and phylogenetics of the genus Muntiacus. Zool Res. 2017;38:310-316 pubmed publisher
    ..vuquangensis. However, when analyses based on cyt b included two more muntjacs, M. truongsonensis was most closely related to M. putaoensis rather than M...
  20. Vig B, Hallett W. 5-Azacytidine- and Hoechst-induced aneuploidy in Indian muntjac. Mutat Res. 2000;466:79-86 pubmed
  21. Sullivan K, Hechenberger M, Masri K. Human CENP-A contains a histone H3 related histone fold domain that is required for targeting to the centromere. J Cell Biol. 1994;127:581-92 pubmed
    ..These data clearly indicate that the assembly of centromeres is driven, at least in part, by the incorporation of a novel core histone into centromeric chromatin...
  22. Kruhlak M, Lever M, Fischle W, Verdin E, Bazett Jones D, Hendzel M. Reduced mobility of the alternate splicing factor (ASF) through the nucleoplasm and steady state speckle compartments. J Cell Biol. 2000;150:41-51 pubmed
    ..We propose that the nonrandom organization of splicing factors reflects spatial differences in the concentration of relatively immobile binding sites...
  23. Cheng Y, Li T, Hsieh L, Hsu P, Li Y, Lin C. Complex genomic organization of Indian muntjac centromeric DNA. Chromosome Res. 2009;17:1051-62 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that these newly identified non-Cervid satellite DNA sequences have been conserved in the centromere of the Formosan muntjac...
  24. Adnyane I, Zuki A, Noordin M, Agungpriyono S. Immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the barking deer, Muntiacus muntjak. Anat Histol Embryol. 2011;40:365-74 pubmed publisher
    ..An uncommon distribution pattern of endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the barking deer was noted for cholecystokinin- and glucagon-IR cells...
  25. Gupta A, Patra R, Saini M, Swarup D. Haematology and serum biochemistry of chital (Axis axis) and barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) reared in semi-captivity. Vet Res Commun. 2007;31:801-8 pubmed
    ..The distribution of haematological and serum biochemical values was fairly normal, suggesting that the mean values could be representative of normal values for two different deer species...
  26. McManus K, Hendzel M. The relationship between histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation throughout the mammalian cell cycle. Biochem Cell Biol. 2006;84:640-57 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, they suggest that the upstream histone acetyltransferases/deacetylases and kinase/phosphatases are temporally regulated to alter their function globally during specific cell cycle time points...
  27. Kato Y, Tanaka Y, Tanaka H, Yamashita S, Minato N. Requirement of species-specific interactions for the activation of human gamma delta T cells by pamidronate. J Immunol. 2003;170:3608-13 pubmed
    ..These results suggested that activation of human gammadelta T cells by nonpeptide Ags required species-specific interactions in addition to LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated cell adhesion with APC...
  28. Cooke C, Schaar B, Yen T, Earnshaw W. Localization of CENP-E in the fibrous corona and outer plate of mammalian kinetochores from prometaphase through anaphase. Chromosoma. 1997;106:446-55 pubmed
    ..Together, the observations reported here are consistent with models in which CENP-E has a role in promoting the poleward migration of sister chromatids during anaphase A...
  29. McManus K, Biron V, Heit R, Underhill D, Hendzel M. Dynamic changes in histone H3 lysine 9 methylations: identification of a mitosis-specific function for dynamic methylation in chromosome congression and segregation. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:8888-97 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these results identify a mitosis-specific trimethylation of Lys9 in pericentromeric heterochromatin that functions in the faithful segregation of chromosomes...
  30. Hsu T, Chang C, Lin M, Liu S, Yen T, Tsay G. Anti-CENP-H antibodies in patients with Sjogren's syndrome. Rheumatol Int. 2006;26:298-303 pubmed
    ..We recommend that ACA or anti-CENP-H antibodies should be considered as one of the serological markers for SS...
  31. Zhang X, Shan X, Shi Y, Zhang H, Li J, Zheng A. [Sequence and organization of Muntiacus reevesi mitochondrial genome]. Yi Chuan. 2004;26:849-53 pubmed
    ..The sequence of rRNA gene, some of the protein-coding regions and tRNAs are highly homologous in mammals. Differences existing in the length and sequence of the D-loop regions account for the variations in mammals mitochondrial genomes...
  32. Zhang Y, Shan X, Lu X, Liu N, Yu D. [Cloning, sequencing and chromosome location of Sry gene of Muntjak munticus vaginalis by DOP-PCR and microdissection]. Yi Chuan Xue Bao. 2001;28:322-6 pubmed
    ..m vaginalis was amplified, and it was cloned and sequenced. It is proved that Y2 is the real sex chromosome in the male M.m vaginalis at molecular level for the first time, and Sry was localized on Y2 chromosome...
  33. Miao Q, Reeves A, Patten F, Seibel E. Multimodal 3D imaging of cells and tissue, bridging the gap between clinical and research microscopy. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012;40:263-76 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we introduce the OPTM platform, optical Cell-CT, and Tissue-CT instruments, and some applications using these OPTM instruments...
  34. Fabarius A, Giehl M, Frank O, Duesberg P, Hochhaus A, Hehlmann R, et al. Induction of centrosome and chromosome aberrations by imatinib in vitro. Leukemia. 2005;19:1573-8 pubmed
  35. He D, Brinkley B. Structure and dynamic organization of centromeres/prekinetochores in the nucleus of mammalian cells. J Cell Sci. 1996;109 ( Pt 11):2693-704 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the centromere-kinetochore complex, best known for its essential role in partitioning chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis, may also function in chromosome movements and associations in interphase...
  36. McManus K, Stephens D, Adams N, Islam S, Freemont P, Hendzel M. The transcriptional regulator CBP has defined spatial associations within interphase nuclei. PLoS Comput Biol. 2006;2:e139 pubmed
  37. Zhou Q, Wang J, Huang L, Nie W, Wang J, Liu Y, et al. Neo-sex chromosomes in the black muntjac recapitulate incipient evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes. Genome Biol. 2008;9:R98 pubmed publisher
    ..The regular mammalian X and Y chromosomes diverged from each other at least 166 to 148 million years ago, leaving few traces of their early evolution, including degeneration of the Y chromosome and evolution of dosage compensation...
  38. McManus K, Hendzel M. ATM-dependent DNA damage-independent mitotic phosphorylation of H2AX in normally growing mammalian cells. Mol Biol Cell. 2005;16:5013-25 pubmed
  39. Fereidouni F, Bader A, Gerritsen H. Spectral phasor analysis allows rapid and reliable unmixing of fluorescence microscopy spectral images. Opt Express. 2012;20:12729-41 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition the method is used to analyse autofluorescence of cells in a fresh grass blade. It is shown that the spectral phasor approach is compatible with spectral imaging data recorded with a low number of spectral channels...
  40. Sohn J, Sasaki M, Yasuda M, Kim Y, Shin N, Kimura J. Immunolocalization of cytoskeletal proteins in the testes of two Asian cervids: water deer (Hydropotes inermis) and Reeves' muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi). J Vet Med Sci. 2013;75:1071-5 pubmed
    ..From the present results, it appears that these distribution patterns of cytoskeletal proteins may be common in the cervids. ..
  41. Korstanje R, O Brien P, Yang F, Rens W, Bosma A, van Lith H, et al. Complete homology maps of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and human by reciprocal chromosome painting. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1999;86:317-22 pubmed
    ..Many conserved chromosome segments found previously in other mammals (e.g. cat, pig, cattle, Indian muntjac) were also found to be conserved in rabbit chromosomes...
  42. Li Y, Cheng Y, Hsieh L, Ryder O, Yang F, Liao S, et al. Karyotypic evolution of a novel cervid satellite DNA family isolated by microdissection from the Indian muntjac Y-chromosome. Chromosoma. 2005;114:28-38 pubmed
    ..Satellite V was found to specifically localize to the Y heterochromatin region of the muntjacs, sambar deer, and Chinese water deer and to chromosome 3 of Indian muntjac and the X-chromosome of Chinese water ..
  43. Booth M, Jesacher A, Juskaitis R, Wilson T. Full spectrum filterless fluorescence microscopy. J Microsc. 2010;237:103-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Full spectrum fluorescence images of biological specimens are demonstrated. As this system is more versatile than the standard fluorescence microscope, it could be of benefit in many fluorescence imaging applications...
  44. Hartmann N, Scherthan H. Assignment of telomeric repeat binding factor of genes TERF1 and TERF2 to Indian muntjac chromosome bands 1p32 and 2q33 by in situ hybridization. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;111:186 pubmed
  45. Hartmann N, Scherthan H. Characterization of the telomere complex, TERF1 and TERF2 genes in muntjac species with fusion karyotypes. Exp Cell Res. 2005;306:64-74 pubmed
    ..presence in muntjac fibroblasts and testis tissue, which suggests the presence of a conserved telomere complex in muntjacs. However, a deviation from the common theme was noted for the TERT gene, encoding the catalytic subunit of ..
  46. Zheng J, Kobayashi K. Comparative morphological study on the lingual papillae and their connective tissue cores (CTC) in reeves' muntjac deer (Muntiacus reevesi). Ann Anat. 2006;188:555-64 pubmed
    ..Ten or more vallate papillae are distributed at the postero-lateral area of the lingual prominence and numerous taste buds are distributed in the epithelium of their side...
  47. Wu H, Wan Q, Fang S. Microsatellite analysis of genetic variation and population subdivision for the black muntjac, Muntiacus crinifrons. Biochem Genet. 2007;45:775-88 pubmed
    ..We also recommend that a new captive population be established with individuals from the Suichang region as a founder source...
  48. Rogakou E, Boon C, Redon C, Bonner W. Megabase chromatin domains involved in DNA double-strand breaks in vivo. J Cell Biol. 1999;146:905-16 pubmed
    ..The results further suggest the possible existence of units of higher order chromatin structure involved in monitoring DNA integrity...
  49. Huang L, Nie W, Wang J, Su W, Yang F. Phylogenomic study of the subfamily Caprinae by cross-species chromosome painting with Chinese muntjac paints. Chromosome Res. 2005;13:389-99 pubmed
  50. Vig B, Henderson A. Aneuploidy in male Indian muntjac cells is limited to the Y2 chromosome. Mutagenesis. 1998;13:33-7 pubmed
    ..g. FISH, this system could be useful and convenient in the study of induction of aneuploidy. This simple and inexpensive system can be utilized as a screening system for preliminary studies dealing with induced aneuploidy...
  51. Bryant P, Gray L, Peresse N. Progress towards understanding the nature of chromatid breakage. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2004;104:65-71 pubmed
    ..Clearly, much remains to be done to clarify the mechanisms involved in chromatid breakage, but the experimental models are becoming available with which we can begin to answer some of the key questions...
  52. Hartmann N, Scherthan H. Assignment of the telomere-repeat binding factor genes TERF1 and TERF2 to Chinese muntjac (2n = 46) chromosome bands 12q3 and 2q33 by in situ hybridization. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2005;111:96 pubmed
  53. Nalls A, McNulty E, Powers J, Seelig D, Hoover C, Haley N, et al. Mother to offspring transmission of chronic wasting disease in reeves' muntjac deer. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71844 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our findings demonstrate that transmission of prions from mother to offspring can occur, and may be underestimated for all prion diseases. ..
  54. Nalls A, McNulty E, Hoover C, Pulscher L, Hoover E, Mathiason C. Infectious Prions in the Pregnancy Microenvironment of Chronic Wasting Disease-Infected Reeves' Muntjac Deer. J Virol. 2017;91: pubmed publisher
    ..These findings have impact on our current concept of CWD disease transmission. ..
  55. Rehorek S, Hillenius W, Sanjur J, Chapman N. One gland, two lobes: organogenesis of the "Harderian" and "nictitans" glands of the Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) and fallow deer (Dama dama). Ann Anat. 2007;189:434-46 pubmed
  56. Miao Q, Rahn J, Tourovskaia A, Meyer M, Neumann T, Nelson A, et al. Dual-modal three-dimensional imaging of single cells with isometric high resolution using an optical projection tomography microscope. J Biomed Opt. 2009;14:064035 pubmed publisher
    ..Since fluorescence and absorption images are taken in two different rotations, mechanical error may cause misalignment of 3-D images. This mechanical error is estimated to be within the resolution of the system...
  57. Tsipouri V, Schueler M, Hu S, Dutra A, Pak E, Riethman H, et al. Comparative sequence analyses reveal sites of ancestral chromosomal fusions in the Indian muntjac genome. Genome Biol. 2008;9:R155 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies have suggested that a series of telocentric chromosome fusion events involving telomeric and/or satellite repeats led to the extant Indian muntjac karyotype...
  58. Chapman N. Injuries to dogs by muntjac. Vet Rec. 2006;158:384 pubmed
  59. Polianskaia G, Goriachaia T, Pinaev G. [Effect of laminin on structural karyotype variability of kangaroo rat kidney cell lines]. Tsitologiia. 2003;45:1048-53 pubmed
    ..We discuss possible reasons of differences in the character of karyotypic variability between a cell line of the Indian muntjac skin fibroblasts and epithelial-like Rat kangaroo kidney cell lines cultivated on laminin...
  60. Scheuermann M, Murmann A, Richter K, Görisch S, Herrmann H, Lichter P. Characterization of nuclear compartments identified by ectopic markers in mammalian cells with distinctly different karyotype. Chromosoma. 2005;114:39-53 pubmed
    ..Since the distribution of the ectopically expressed protein markers is similar in cells with distinctly different chromosome numbers, the property of the delineated, limited compartment might indeed depend on chromatin organization...
  61. Wu H, Fang S. Mitochondrial DNA genetic diversity of black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons), an endangered species endemic to China. Biochem Genet. 2005;43:407-16 pubmed
  62. Zou Y, Gryaznov S, Shay J, Wright W, Cornforth M. Asynchronous replication timing of telomeres at opposite arms of mammalian chromosomes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:12928-33 pubmed
    ..The approach, which we call replicative detargeting fluorescence in situ hybridization, is widely applicable to different species and genetic loci...
  63. Polianskaia G, Goriachaia T, Pinaev G. [The effect of immobilized fibronectin on karyotypic variability in the skin fibroblast cell subline of indian muntjac]. Tsitologiia. 2005;47:925-32 pubmed
    ..We discuss possible reasons of differences in the character of karyotypic variability in cell lines of the Indian muntjac skin fibroblasts on cultivating on laminin and fibronectin...
  64. Zou Y, Yi X, Wright W, Shay J. Human telomerase can immortalize Indian muntjac cells. Exp Cell Res. 2002;281:63-76 pubmed
    ..Indian muntjac cells provide an excellent system for understanding the mechanism of replicative senescence and the role of telomerase in the elongation of individual telomeres...
  65. Dwiranti A, Lin L, Mochizuki E, Kuwabata S, Takaoka A, Uchiyama S, et al. Chromosome observation by scanning electron microscopy using ionic liquid. Microsc Res Tech. 2012;75:1113-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors conclude that the ionic-liquid method is useful for the visualization of chromosome by scanning electron microscopy without dehydration or metal coating...
  66. Garcia Orad A, Vargas P, Vig B. Histone H3 phosphorylation of mammalian chromosomes. Chromosome Res. 2001;9:487-94 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, when cells had completed karyokinesis and resolved into two independent nuclei, the phosphorylation was observed at the midbody. At this stage, the cytoplasm appeared to be again phosphorylated...
  67. Dai J, Cao X, Shi L, Zhang X, Xu C, Hu J. [Phylogenetic relationship between tufted deer(Elaphodus cephalophus) and Muntiacus deer is revealed by the exon and intron of K+ channel gene]. Yi Chuan. 2005;27:95-100 pubmed
    ..The result showed Muntiacus, crinifrons is most closely related to muntjak, with reevesi as their sister species. E. cephalophus is in the other genus...
  68. Brodie J, Helmy O, Brockelman W, Maron J. Bushmeat poaching reduces the seed dispersal and population growth rate of a mammal-dispersed tree. Ecol Appl. 2009;19:854-63 pubmed
    ..Recent and ongoing extirpations of vertebrates in many tropical forests could be creating an extinction debt for zoochorous trees whose vulnerability is belied by their current abundance...
  69. Sugimoto K, Tasaka H, Dotsu M. Molecular behavior in living mitotic cells of human centromere heterochromatin protein HPLalpha ectopically expressed as a fusion to red fluorescent protein. Cell Struct Funct. 2001;26:705-18 pubmed
    ..These results suggested that, although the majority of HP1alpha diffuses into the cytoplasm, some populations are retained in the centromeric region and involved in the association and segregation of sister kinetochores during mitosis...
  70. Yang Q, Zhang D, Leng M, Yang L, Zhong L, Cooke H, et al. Synapsis and meiotic recombination in male Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e19255 pubmed publisher
    The muntjacs (Muntiacus, Cervidae) have been extensively studied in terms of chromosomal and karyotypic evolution. However, little is known about their meiotic chromosomes particularly the recombination patterns of homologous chromosomes...
  71. Wu H, Wan Q, Fang S. Population structure and gene flow among wild populations of the black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) based on mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Zoolog Sci. 2006;23:333-40 pubmed
  72. Lane A, Giménez Abián J, Clarke D. A novel chromatin tether domain controls topoisomerase II? dynamics and mitotic chromosome formation. J Cell Biol. 2013;203:471-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that the dynamics of Topo II? on chromosomes are important for successful mitosis and implicate histone tail posttranslational modifications in regulating Topo II?. ..
  73. Bergsma C, Streekstra G, Smeulders A, Manders E. Velocity estimation of spots in three-dimensional confocal image sequences of living cells. Cytometry. 2001;43:261-72 pubmed
    ..A simple description of sometimes complex patterns of movement in living cells gives insight in the underlying mechanisms governing these movements...